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Frajka-Williams E E University of Southampton, National Oceanography Centre, Southampton SO14 3ZH, UK - - 2014
Sustained observations of ocean properties reveal a global warming trend and rising sea levels. These changes have been documented by traditional ship-based measurements of ocean properties, whereas more recent Argo profiling floats and satellite records permit estimates of ocean changes on a near real-time basis. Through these and newer methods ...
Patra P K PK 1] Department of Environmental Geochemical Cycle Research, JAMSTEC, Yokohama 236 0001, Japan [2] CAOS, Graduate School of Studies, Tohoku University, Sendai 980 8578, - - 2014
The hydroxyl radical (OH) is a key oxidant involved in the removal of air pollutants and greenhouse gases from the atmosphere. The ratio of Northern Hemispheric to Southern Hemispheric (NH/SH) OH concentration is important for our understanding of emission estimates of atmospheric species such as nitrogen oxides and methane. It ...
Kingsley Laura J LJ Department of Medicinal Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, College of Pharmacy, Purdue University, 575 Stadium Mall Drive, West Lafayette, Indiana, 47907, - - 2014
Predicting atoms in a potential drug compound that are susceptible to oxidation by cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes is of great interest to the pharmaceutical community. We aimed to develop a computational approach combining ligand- and structure-based design principles to accurately predict sites of metabolism (SoMs) in a series of CYP2C9 ...
Johnson Jessica K M JK Graduate School of Social Work, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts. - - 2014
Aging successfully entails good physical and cognitive health, as well as ongoing participation in social and productive activity. This study hones in on participation in productive activity, a factor that makes an important contribution to successful aging. One conceptual model of productive activity in later life specifies the antecedents and ...
Börlin Christoph S - - 2014
BackgroundAutophagy is a vesicle-mediated pathway for lysosomal degradation, essential under basal and stressed conditions. Various cellular components, including specific proteins, protein aggregates, organelles and intracellular pathogens, are targets for autophagic degradation. Thereby, autophagy controls numerous vital physiological and pathophysiological functions, including cell signaling, differentiation, turnover of cellular components and pathogen ...
Chen YungChung Y Minnesota Dental Research Center for Biomaterials and Biomechanics, School of Dentistry, University of Minnesota, MN, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study aimed to investigate how the structural stress distribution in human teeth could be affected by the presence of a graded material distribution often found in nature using the finite element (FE) method. Hydroxyapatite (HA) tablets with different densities were scanned using a Micro-CT scanner to obtain a relationship ...
Ikegawa Yusuke Y Graduate School of Science, Osaka Prefecture University, Gakuen-cho 1-1, Naka-ku, Sakai, 599-8531 JAPAN. Electronic address: - - 2014
Intra-guild predation (IGP), predation on consumers which share common prey with the predators, is an important community module to understand a mechanism for persistence of complex food webs. However, classical theory suggests that persistence of an IGP system is unlikely particularly at high productivity, while empirical data do not support ...
Machado Daniel D Centre of Biological Engineering, University of Minho, Campus de Gualtar, 4710-057 Braga, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
Curcumin is a natural compound obtained from turmeric, and is well known for its pharmacological effects. In this work, we design a heterologous pathway for industrial production of curcumin in Escherichia coli. A kinetic model of the pathway is then developed and connected to a kinetic model of the central ...
Rahman Tanzina T University of Texas at San Antonio, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249, - - 2014
Aluminum oxide nanoparticles have been widely used in various consumer products and there are growing concerns regarding their exposure in the environment. This study deals with the modeling, sensitivity analysis and uncertainty quantification of one-dimensional transport of nano-sized (~82nm) aluminum oxide particles in saturated sand. The transport of aluminum oxide ...
Kourdali Sidali S Department of Industrial Chemistry, Faculty of Technology, University of Saàd Dahlab at Blida, PO Box 270, 09000 Blida, Algeria; Laboratory of Natural Substances Chemistry and Biomolecules, University of Saàd Dahlab at Blida, PO Box 270, 09000 Blida, Algeria; National Centre for Research and Development of Fisheries and Aquaculture (CNRDPA) 11, Bd Amirouche PO Box 67, Bousmail (W. Tipaza), Algeria. Electronic address: - - 2014
The present study was undertaken to investigate the degradation and removal of direct yellow 9 (DY9) by the electro-Fenton (EF) process in batch reactor using iron and stainless steel electrodes. DY9 removal decreased with the increase in pH (3 to 8) and increased with the increase in current intensity (0.05 ...
Walter Johannes J Institute of Particle Technology (LFG), Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU), Cauerstr. 4, 91058, Erlangen, - - 2014
In this paper, a method to determine the lateral dimensions of 2D nanosheets directly in suspension by analytical ultracentrifugation (AUC) is shown. The basis for this study is a well-characterized and stable dispersion of graphene oxide (GO) monolayers in water. A methodology is developed to correlate the sedimentation coefficient distribution ...
Kroeger Timm T Central Science Department, Nature Conservancy, Arlington, VA 22203; - - 2014
High ambient ozone (O3) concentrations are a widespread and persistent problem globally. Although studies have documented the role of forests in removing O3 and one of its precursors, nitrogen dioxide (NO2), the cost effectiveness of using peri-urban reforestation for O3 abatement purposes has not been examined. We develop a methodology ...
Wu Li-Ping LP Associate Professor, Department of Orthopedics, Jiangmen Central Hospital of Guangdong Province China (Affiliated Jiangmen Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University), 529031 Jiangmen, Guangdong, PR China. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objective of this study was to research the distribution of stresses and displacements in cervical nuclei pulposi during simulated cervical spine manipulation (CSM). A 3-dimensional finite element model of C3/4~C6/7 was established. The detailed mechanical parameters of CSM were analyzed and simulated. During the process, the changes in stresses ...
Coe Kirsten K KK Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, 14853, USA, - - 2014
Fluctuations in mean annual precipitation (MAP) will strongly influence the ecology of dryland ecosystems in the future, yet, because individual precipitation events drive growth and resource availability for many dryland organisms, changes in intra-annual precipitation may disproportionately influence future dryland processes. This work examines the hypothesis that intra-annual precipitation changes ...
Wang Yan Y College of Pharmacy, Yaoke University i.e. Shenyang Pharmaceutical University, Shenyang, P.R. China; College of Pharmacy and Chemistry, Dali University, Dali, P.R. - - 2014
A capillary electrophoresis fingerprint was constructed for Sanhuang Tablet of a Chinese traditional patent medicine that was commonly used in clinical practice, where the isosceles trapezoid method was first applied for the optimization of background electrolyte solution, and the resolution index was performed to assess the experimental conditions, furthermore, a ...
Sharma Mukesh C MC Drug Design and Development Laboratory, School of Pharmacy, Devi Ahilya Vishwavidyalaya, Takshila Campus, Khandwa Road, Indore, M.P, 452 001, India, - - 2014
A series of oxadiazole-substituted α-isopropoxy phenylpropanoic acids with dual activators of PPARα and PPARγ derivatives were subjected to two dimensional and k-nearest neighbour Molecular field analysis. The statistically significant best 2D-QSAR (PPARα) model having good predictive ability with statistical values of r(2) = 0.8725, q(2) = 0.7957 and pred_r(2) = ...
Sharma Mukesh C MC Drug Design and Development Laboratory, School of Pharmacy, Devi Ahilya University, Takshila Campus, Khandwa Road, Indore, 452 001, India, - - 2014
The present studies are an attempt in this direction seeking for the development and comparison of QSAR models of substituted 2-aminopyridines derivatives as inhibitors of nitric oxide synthases by different feature selection methods. Comparing the two different feature selection methods, it is implicit that the model built with the selected ...
Caron Troy T Wellspan Orthopedics, York, - - 2014
The decision to leave a job can be very stressful. Multiple variables must be considered before turning in your notice. The goal of this paper is to help you decide if changing jobs is a smart decision, and, if it is, when to do it.
Kocalevent Rüya-Daniela - - 2014
The population-based study examined postulated effects, derived from a resources-demands-model about gender-related aspects of self-efficacy, optimism, chronic stress, and exhaustion. Data acquisition was carried out by a market research institute with a multi-topic questionnaire in the general population (N = 2,552). Instruments administered were the Questionnaire for Self-Efficacy and Optimism, ...
Berre David D LEM-CNRS (UMR 8179) and IÉSEG School of Management, 3 Rue de la Digue, 59000 Lille, France; CIRAD, UMR SELMET, CIRAD-Réunion, Pôle élevage, Ligne Paradis, 97410 St Pierre, La Réunion, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study focused on the trade-off between milk production and its environmental impact on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and nitrogen surplus in a high input tropical system. We first identified the objectives of the three main stakeholders in the dairy sector (farmers, a milk cooperative and environmentalists). The main aim ...
Devin Simon S Université de Lorraine, CNRS UMR 7360, Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire des Environnements Continentaux (LIEC) - Metz, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
In environmental science, the variability of biological responses in natural or laboratory populations is a well known and documented phenomenon. However, while an extensive literature aims to explain and understand the origin of variability, few try to use it as a demonstration of the population's response facing a stress. We ...
Guo Xin - - 2014
We developed a computer-based first-principles kinetic Monte Carlo (CF-KMC) model to predict degradation mechanisms and fates of intermediates and byproducts produced from the degradation of polyethylene glycol (PEG) in the presence of hydrogen peroxide (UV/H2O2). The CF-KMC model is comprised of a reaction pathway generator, a reaction rate constant estimator, ...
Castro Marcelo A MA Grupo de Investigación y Desarrollo en Bioingeniería, Universidad Tecnológica Nacional, Facultad Regional Buenos Aires, CONICET, Medrano 951, CP 1179, Buenos Aires, Argentina, - - 2014
The aim of this work was to determine whether or not Newtonian rheology assumption in image-based patient-specific computational fluid dynamics (CFD) cerebrovascular models harboring cerebral aneurysms may affect the hemodynamics characteristics, which have been previously associated with aneurysm progression and rupture. Ten patients with cerebral aneurysms with lobulations were considered. ...
Nute Jessica L JL From the Departments of *Imaging Physics, and †Cancer Systems Imaging, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX; ‡GE Healthcare, Waukesha, WI; Departments of §Biostatistics, and ‚ą•Diagnostic Radiology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, - - 2014
Calcific and hemorrhagic intracranial lesions with attenuation levels of less than 100 Hounsfield units (HUs) cannot currently be reliably differentiated by single-energy computed tomography (SECT). The proper differentiation of these lesion types would have a multitude of clinical applications. A phantom model was used to test the ability of dual-energy ...
Zach Lukáš L Department of Mechanics, Biomechanics and Mechatronics, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague, Technická 4, 166 07 Praha 6, Czech - - 2014
The aim of this paper was to design a finite element model for a hinged PROSPON oncological knee endoprosthesis and to verify the model by comparison with ankle flexion angle using knee-bending experimental data obtained previously. Visible Human Project CT scans were used to create a general lower extremity bones ...
Au Jennifer J Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Metabolic Engineering and Systems Biology Laboratory, University of Delaware, 150 Academy Street, Newark, DE 19716, - - 2014
In this work, we provide new insights into the metabolism of Clostridium acetobutylicum ATCC 824 obtained using a systematic approach for quantifying fluxes based on parallel labeling experiments and (13)C-metabolic flux analysis ((13)C-MFA). Here, cells were grown in parallel cultures with [1-(13)C]glucose and [U-(13)C]glucose as tracers and (13)C-MFA was used ...
Maher Marcus A MA Focas Research Institute, Dublin Institute of Technology, Kevin Street, Dublin 8, Ireland. Electronic address: - - 2014
A phenomenological rate equation model is constructed to numerically simulate nanoparticle uptake and subsequent cellular response. Polyamidoamine dendrimers (generations 4-6) are modelled and the temporal evolution of the intracellular cascade of; increased levels of reactive oxygen species, intracellular antioxidant species, caspase activation, mitochondrial membrane potential decay, tumour necrosis factor and ...
Buchwald Peter P University of Miami - - 2014
Analysis of a large number of data on cytochrome P450 inhibition obtained from quantitative high-throughput screening (qHTS) assays from PubChem Bioassays clearly indicates that molecular size has an important activity-limiting role for datasets focused on drug-like compounds (AID 1851) as well as for datasets also incorporating a wider range of ...
Gao Yunjiao Y City University of Hong Kong, Kowloon, Hong - - 2014
Using a sample of 1,163 adolescents from four middle schools in China, this study explores the intervening process of how adolescent maltreatment is related to delinquency within the framework of general strain theory (GST) by comparing two models. The first model is Agnew's integrated model of GST, which examines the ...
Lehahn Yoav Y Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, - - 2014
Phytoplankton blooms are ephemeral events of exceptionally high primary productivity that regulate the flux of carbon across marine food webs [1-3]. Quantification of bloom turnover [4] is limited by a fundamental difficulty to decouple between physical and biological processes as observed by ocean color satellite data. This limitation hinders the ...
Quinn Jason C JC Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Utah State University, Logan, UT 84341, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study presents experimental measurements of the biochemical methane production for whole and lipid extracted Nannochloropsis salina. Results show whole microalgae produced 430cm(3)-CH4g-volatile solids(-1) (g-VS) (σ=60), 3 times more methane than was produced by the LEA, 140cm(3)-CH4g-VS(-1) (σ=30). Results illustrate current anaerobic modeling efforts in microalgae to biofuel assessments are ...
Xing Bao-Shan BS College of Life and Environmental Sciences, Hangzhou Normal University, Hangzhou 310036, China; Key Laboratory of Hangzhou City for Ecosystem Protection and Restoration, Hangzhou Normal University, Hangzhou 310036, - - 2014
In this study, the individual and interactive effects of influent substrate concentration (TNinf), hydraulic retention time (HRT) and upflow velocity (Vup) on the performance of anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) in a granule-based upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor were investigated by employing response surface methodology (RSM) with a central composite ...
Godinho Raquel R CIBIO/InBio - Centro de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Recursos Genéticos, Universidade do Porto, Campus Agrário de Vairão, 4485-661, Vairão, - - 2014
Wolves and dogs provide a paradigmatic example of the ecological and conservation implications of hybridization events between wild and domesticated forms. However, our understanding of such implications has been traditionally hampered by both high genetic similarity and the difficulties in obtaining tissue samples (TS), which limit our ability to assess ...
Zarezade Ali - - 2014
This paper presents a robust tracking approach to handle challenges such as occlusion and appearance change. Here, the target is partitioned into a number of patches. Then, the appearance of each patch is modeled using a dictionary composed of corresponding target patches in previous frames. In each frame, the target ...
Zhang Chunmin C Key Laboratory of Yangtze Water Environment of Ministry of Education, State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, - - 2014
Supplementing proper nutrients could be a strategy for enhancing algal biomass, nutrients uptake and lipid accumulation in the coupling system of biodiesel production and municipal wastewater treatment. However, there is scant information reporting systematic studies on screening and optimization of key supplemented components in the coupling system. The main factors ...
Dürr Salome S Faculty of Veterinary Science, The University of Sydney, 425 Werombi Road, Camden 2570, NSW, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Disease transmission parameters are the core of epidemic models, but are difficult to estimate, especially in the absence of outbreak data. Investigation of the roaming behaviour, home range (HR) and utilization distribution (UD) can provide the foundation for such parameter estimation in free-ranging animals. The objectives of this study were ...
Shigemoto Shuji S Department of Fixed Prosthodontics, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima Graduate School, 3-18-15, Kuramoto-cho, Tokushima, - - 2014
In patients who have lost natural occlusal contacts, the centric relation is usually estimated based on several anatomical factors such as the temporomandibular joint and masticatory muscles except dental arch. The clinical procedure to record the centric relation often depends on the clinician's expertise and technique; an objective method to ...
Finch Natalie C NC School of Veterinary Sciences, University of Bristol , - - 2014
Background. Polynomial equations for one-compartment correction of slope-intercept glomerular filtration rate (GFR) will underestimate values at high clearance rates. Non-polynomial correction equations that are independent of patient size and renal function would be advantageous and may have cross-species use. Materials and methods. The study explored the theoretical basis of firstly ...
Cheng Jun J Zhejiang Key Laboratory for Agro-Food Processing, Zhejiang R & D Centre for Food Technology and Equipment, Fuli Institute of Food Science, Zhejiang University, 866 Yuhangtang Road, Hangzhou 310058, China; Department of Food Science and Nutrition, College of Biosystems Engineering and Food Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, Zhejiang, - - 2015
The aim of this study was to investigate the applicability of artificial neural network (ANN) and multiple linear regression (MLR) models for the estimation of acrylamide reduction by flavonoids, using multiple antioxidant capacities of Maillard reaction products as variables via a microwave food processing workstation. The addition of selected flavonoids ...
Clark James S - - 2014
The perceived threat of climate change is often evaluated from species distribution models that are fitted to many species independently and then added together. This approach ignores the fact that species are jointly distributed and limit one another. Species respond to the same underlying climatic variables, and the abundance of ...
Ghiani Gianpaolo G Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell'Innovazione, Università del Salento, via per Monteroni, 73100 Lecce, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
In this paper, we study two decisional problems arising when planning the collection of solid waste, namely the location of collection sites (together with bin allocation) and the zoning of the service territory, and we assess the potential impact that an efficient location has on the subsequent zoning phase. We ...
Izdebska Joanna N JN a University of Gdansk, Professor, Department of Invertebrate Zoology and Parasitology, University of - - 2014
Abstract This article describes morphological characteristics and occurrence of Demodex lutrae n. sp., which was found on European otter Lutra lutra (Linnaeus, 1758) in Poland. The new species was found in hairy regions of otter skin, mainly in the head area. With respect to morphological features, D. lutrae is most ...
Sparkes J J School of Environmental and Rural Sciences, University of New England, Armidale, NSW, - - 2014
Australia is unique as a populated continent in that canine rabies is exotic, with only one likely incursion in 1867. This is despite the presence of a widespread free-ranging dog population, which includes the naturalized dingo, feral domestic dogs and dingo-dog cross-breeds. To Australia's immediate north, rabies has recently spread ...
Moruzzi R B RB Geoprocessing and Territorial Planning Department (DEPLAN), Geosciences and Mathematics Institute (IGCE) - UNESP - Univ Estadual Paulista, Campus de Rio Claro, Av. 24-A, 1515, Bela Vista, Rio Claro, SP, 13506-900, Brazil, - - 2014
The influence of floc size and hydraulic detention time on the performance of a dissolved air flotation (DAF) pilot unit was investigated in the light of a known mathematical model. The following design and operational parameters were considered: the hydraulic detention time (tdcz) and hydraulic loading rate in the contact ...
Sarwal Aarti A Department of Neurology, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC, USA; Department of Anesthesiology (Section on Critical Care), Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC, - - 2014
Introduction: We tested the feasibility of using neuromuscular ultrasound for non-invasive real time assessment of diaphragmatic structure and function in a canine model of X-Linked Myotubular Myopathy (XLMTM). Methods: Ultrasound images in 3 dogs (Wild Type WT, n=1; XLMTM untreated, n=1; XLMTM post AAV8-mediated MTM1 gene replacement, n=1) were analyzed ...
Garonna I I Remote Sensing Laboratories, Department of Geography, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstr. 190, 8057, Zurich, - - 2014
Land Surface Phenology (LSP) is the most direct representation of intra-annual dynamics of vegetated land surfaces as observed from satellite imagery. LSP plays a key role in characterizing land-surface fluxes, and is central to accurately parameterizing terrestrial biosphere-atmosphere interactions, as well as climate models. In this paper we present an ...
Cassini Rudi - - 2014
Cystic echinococcosis (CE) and bovine cysticercosis (BC) are two important parasitic zoonoses, whose prevalence varies among European countries. Few data are available on prevalence and geographic distribution of these two diseases in Veneto region in north-eastern Italy, where they are generally perceived as minor public health problems. Available data from ...
Bae Seung-Hwan - - 2014
In this paper, we consider a multi-object tracking problem in complex scenes. Unlike batch tracking systems using detections of the entire sequence, we propose a novel online multi-object tracking system in order to build tracks sequentially using online provided detections. To track objects robustly even under frequent occlusions, the proposed ...
Swanson Alexandra A Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, MN, 55104, USA; Serengeti Wildlife Research Institute, Tanzania National Parks, Arusha, - - 2014
Top predators can dramatically suppress populations of smaller predators, with cascading effects throughout communities, and this pressure is often unquestioningy accepted as a constraint on mesopredator populations. In this study, we reassess whether African lions suppress populations of cheetahs and African wild dogs, and examine possible mechanisms for coexistence between ...
Krotscheck Ursula U Department of Clinical Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, New - - 2014
To determine if currently used ground reaction force (GRF) normalization methods are accurate and precise enough to be used on a single-limb basis. Prospective clinical trial. Clinically normal (n = 69) dogs and 40 dogs with unilateral ruptured cranial cruciate ligaments (CCL). Pelvic limb GRFs of orthopedically normal dogs and those with ...
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