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Swanson Alexandra A Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, MN, 55104, USA; Serengeti Wildlife Research Institute, Tanzania National Parks, Arusha, - - 2014
Top predators can dramatically suppress populations of smaller predators, with cascading effects throughout communities, and this pressure is often unquestioningy accepted as a constraint on mesopredator populations. In this study, we reassess whether African lions suppress populations of cheetahs and African wild dogs, and examine possible mechanisms for coexistence between ...
Krotscheck Ursula U Department of Clinical Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, New - - 2014
To determine if currently used ground reaction force (GRF) normalization methods are accurate and precise enough to be used on a single-limb basis. Prospective clinical trial. Clinically normal (n = 69) dogs and 40 dogs with unilateral ruptured cranial cruciate ligaments (CCL). Pelvic limb GRFs of orthopedically normal dogs and those with ...
Im Joon J Postgraduate student, Department of Orthodontics, College of Dentistry, Yonsei University, Seoul, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare the virtual and manual tooth setups with digital and plaster models in extraction cases by measuring various occlusal parameters and applying the American Board of Orthodontics objective grading system. Linear intra-arch and interarch dimensions (arch width and length, perimeter, overjet, and overbite), ...
Reinhart Jennifer M JM Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Spurious increase in erythrocyte mean corpuscular volume (MCV) on automated cell analyzers is a well-characterized lab error in hypertonic patients. A difference between automated and manual MCV (dMCV) greater than 2 fl has been shown to predict hypertonicity in humans. The purpose of this study was to investigate dMCV as ...
Heske Linda L Department of Companion Animal Clinical Sciences, Norwegian School of Veterinary Science, Oslo, Norway. Electronic address: - - 2014
Canine epilepsy is one of the most common neurological conditions in dogs but the actual incidence of the disease remains unknown. A Swedish animal insurance database has previously been shown useful for the study of disease occurrence in companion animals. The dogs insured by this company represent a unique population ...
Van Der Meer Douwe G DG Department of Earth Sciences, Utrecht University, 3584 CD, Utrecht, The - - 2014
Climate trends on timescales of 10s to 100s of millions of years are controlled by changes in solar luminosity, continent distribution, and atmosphere composition. Plate tectonics affect geography, but also atmosphere composition through volcanic degassing of CO2 at subduction zones and midocean ridges. So far, such degassing estimates were based ...
Flatland Bente B Department of Biomedical and Diagnostic Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, - - 2014
The Heska Dri-Chem 4000 uses dry slide technology to evaluate serum or plasma. No previous independent performance evaluation is published to the authors' knowledge. The objectives were to (1) characterize analytical performance of a Dri-Chem 4000 by measuring precision and bias, (2) compare analytical performance of that Dri-Chem 4000 unit ...
Pultorak Elizabeth L EL Intracellular Pathogens Research Laboratory, Center for Comparative Medicine and Translational Research, and the Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC - - 2014
Objective-To evaluate the practices and perceptions of veterinarians in North Carolina regarding borreliosis in dogs in various geographic regions of the state. Design-Cross-sectional survey. Sample-Data from 208 completed surveys. Procedures-Surveys were distributed to veterinary clinics throughout North Carolina. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize perceptions pertaining to borreliosis among dogs ...
Murakami Tsuyoshi T Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, MN - - 2014
Objective-To determine the accuracy of neurologic data, survey radiographic results, or both for localization of the site of thoracolumbar intervertebral disk herniation in dogs. Sample-338 dogs with surgically confirmed intervertebral disk herniation from disk spaces T10-11 to L6-7. Procedures-Medical records and archived survey radiographs were reviewed for each case. Data ...
White Crow C Department of Biological Sciences, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, California, United States of - - 2014
The world's oceans are governed as a system of over 150 sovereign exclusive economic zones (EEZs, ∼42% of the ocean) and one large high seas (HS) commons (∼58% of ocean) with essentially open access. Many high-valued fish species such as tuna, billfish, and shark migrate around these large oceanic regions, ...
Chen Feng F College of Information Science and Engineering, Henan University of Technology, Zhengzhou, China; Department of Computer Science and Computer Engineering, La Trobe University, Melbourne, - - 2014
In multiple genome fragments, a globally important mode is a zone represented by a significant change, where the change has a similar impact on every related fragment in the zone. This zone may represent the cancer related genes involved in diverse tumors. Globally important zones are characterized by two features: ...
Durairaj Chandrasekar C Pharmacokinetics and Drug Disposition, Allergan, Inc., Irvine, California, USA, - - 2014
To develop a mechanism based translational pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic (PKPD) model in preclinical species and to predict the intraocular pressure (IOP) following drug treatment in patients with glaucoma or ocular hypertension (OHT). Baseline diurnal IOP of normotensive albino rabbits, beagle dogs and patients with glaucoma or OHT was collected from literature. In ...
Hettlich Bianca F BF Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Ohio State University, Columbus, - - 2014
To determine the biomechanical effect of an intervertebral spacer on construct stiffness in a PVC model and cadaveric canine cervical vertebral columns stabilized with monocortical screws/polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA). Biomechanical study. PVC pipe; cadaveric canine vertebral columns. PVC model-PVC pipe was used to create a gap model mimicking vertebral endplate orientation and ...
Aszkler Robert M RM Private practice, Hamburg, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to assess the long-term posttreatment changes in all criteria of the American Board of Orthodontics' (ABO) model grading system. We used plaster models from patients' final and posttreatment records. Thirty patients treated by 1 orthodontist using 1 bracket prescription were selected. An initial discrepancy ...
Kim So-Yeun SY Department of Prosthodontics, Pusan National University Dental Hospital, Dental Research Institute, School of Dentistry, Pusan National University, Yangsan, Republic of - - 2014
The accuracy of a gypsum model (GM), which was taken using a conventional silicone impression technique, was compared with that of a polyurethane model (PM), which was taken using an iTero™ digital impression system. The maxillary first molar artificial tooth was selected as the reference tooth. The GMs were fabricated ...
Zhang Chunhui C School of Life Science and Technology, Xidian University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, - - 2014
The part-based method has been a fast rising framework for object detection. It is attracting more and more attention for its detection precision and partial robustness to the occlusion. However, little research has been focused on the problem of occlusion overlapping of the part regions, which can reduce the performance ...
Tammetta Paul P Coffey Geotechnics, Level 18, Tower B, Citadel Towers, 799 Pacific Highway Chatswood, NSW, Australia; +612 9406 1000; fax: +612 9406 1002; - - 2014
The change in hydraulic conductivity (K) above subsided longwall panels at underground coal mines is determined using a data base of pre-mining and post-mining K measurements made at multiple locations down the depth profile at each of a number of sites worldwide. Results show that, following caving of roof strata, ...
Tivers Mickey S MS Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Royal Veterinary College, Hatfield, Hertfordshire, United - - 2014
Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with liver disease. The pathogenesis of he is incompletely understood although ammonia and inflammatory cytokines have been implicated as key mediators. To facilitate further mechanistic understanding of the pathogenesis of HE, a large number of animal models ...
Howbert J Jeffry JJ NeuroVista Corp., Seattle, Washington, United States of - - 2014
Seizure forecasting has the potential to create new therapeutic strategies for epilepsy, such as providing patient warnings and delivering preemptive therapy. Progress on seizure forecasting, however, has been hindered by lack of sufficient data to rigorously evaluate the hypothesis that seizures are preceded by physiological changes, and are not simply ...
Liow Lee Hsiang LH Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Synthesis (CEES), Department of Biosciences, University of Oslo, , 0316 Oslo, Norway, School of Biology and Environment Science, University of College Dublin, , Belfield, Dublin 4, Republic of Ireland, UCD Earth Institute, University of College Dublin, , Belfield, Dublin 4, Republic of - - 2014
The ecological and evolutionary processes leading to present-day biological diversity can be inferred by reconstructing the phylogeny of living organisms, and then modelling potential processes that could have produced this genealogy. A more direct approach is to estimate past processes from the fossil record. The Carnivora (Mammalia) has both substantial ...
Min Rui R 0000-0003-3784-6467 Department of Multimedia Communications, EURECOM, 450 Route des Chappes, 06410 Biot, - - 2014
While there has been an enormous amount of research on face recognition under pose/illumination/expression changes and image degradations, problems caused by occlusions attracted relatively less attention. Facial occlusions, due, for example, to sunglasses, hat/cap, scarf, and beard, can significantly deteriorate performances of face recognition systems in uncontrolled environments such as ...
Tu Hong-Bin HB School of Information Science and Engineering, Central South University, ChangSha, Hunan 410075, - - 2014
Human complex action recognition is an important research area of the action recognition. Among various obstacles to human complex action recognition, one of the most challenging is to deal with self-occlusion, where one body part occludes another one. This paper presents a new method of human complex action recognition, which ...
Nascimento Victor Fernandez - - 2014
Selecting a suitable place to install a new landfill is a hard work. Bauru is a Brazilian municipality where the local landfill currently in use has a life span that is almost over, and the selection of a new area for a future landfill is crucial and urgent. Here we ...
Kerstein Robert B - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine whether Subjective Interpretation of paper markings is a reliable method for identifying the relative occlusal force content of tooth contacts. 295 clinicians selected the "Most Forceful" and "Least Forceful" occlusal contacts in six occlusal-view photographs of articulating paper marks that were later ...
Siettou Christina C a School of Economics, Keynes College, University of Kent , Canterbury , United - - 2014
This study examined which characteristics of dogs available at a large rehoming organization in the United Kingdom influenced prospective adopters' choices. The revealed preference data used to model "consumer" choice were from the Dogs Trust rehoming web pages. The analysis of the probability of adoption involved a logistic regression model ...
Kesisoglou Filippos F Department of Biopharmaceutics, Product Value Enhancement, Pharmaceutical Sciences and Clinical Supply, Merck & Company, Inc., West Point, Pennsylvania, - - 2013
Preclinical studies in dogs are often employed as part of formulation screening process. However, the shorter transit time and colonic length in dogs may result in underestimation of absorption, especially for extended-release (ER) formulations. In the recent years, minipigs have attracted attention as an alternative animal model. However reports on ...
Pernici Federico F University of Florence, - - 2013
In this paper, we present the ALIEN tracking method that exploits oversampling of local invariant representations to build a robust object/context discriminative classifier. To this end, we use multiple instances of scale invariant local features weakly aligned to the object template. This allows to take account of 3D shape deviations ...
Atienzar Franck A FA UCB Pharma SA, Non-Clinical Development, Chemin du Foriest, 1420 Braine-l'Alleud, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2013
Drug Induced Liver Injury (DILI) is a major cause of attrition during early and late stage drug development. Consequently, there is a need to develop better in vitro primary hepatocyte models from different species for predicting hepatotoxicity in both animals and humans early in drug development. Dog is often chosen ...
Coppola David - - 2013
Unilateral naris occlusion, a standard method for causing odor deprivation, also alters airflow on both sides of the nasal cavity. We reasoned that manipulating airflow by occlusion could affect nasal turbinate development given the ubiquitous role of environmental stimuli in ontogenesis. To test this hypothesis, newborn mice received unilateral occlusion ...
Windrim Rory - - 2013
To describe the development of an anatomically accurate simulator in order to aid the training of a perinatal team in the insertion and removal of a fetal endoscopic tracheal occlusion (FETO) balloon in the management of prenatally diagnosed congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). An experienced perinatal team collaborated with a medical ...
Lv Dan - - 2013
In the target recognition of laser radar (ladar), the accurate estimation of target pose can effectively simplify the recognition process. To achieve 3D pose estimation of rigid objects on the ground and simplify the complexity of the algorithm, a novel pose estimation method is proposed in this paper. In this ...
Kenyhercz Michael W - - 2013
Human molars exhibit varying shapes when viewed from the occlusal surface. Available methods for quantifying molar occlusal shape have historically been confined to qualitative descriptions. The present study utilized geometric morphometric analyses to capture molar shape as defined through relative cusp locations. Cusp apices of maxillary and mandibular first and ...
Kawakami Hiromasa - - 2013
An unintended bolus is delivered by the syringe pump if intravenous line occlusion is released in an inappropriate manner.OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to measure the amount of flushed fluid when an occlusion is inappropriately released and to assess the effect of different syringe pump settings (flow rate, ...
Jaschouz S - - 2013
The aim of this in vivo study was to investigate how reproducible individuals find their habitual intercuspation. A new type of highly accurate measuring procedure was involved using an intraoral optical scanning device (Cerec Bluecam). First, a pilot test investigated the accuracy of the procedure within a standardized setting. With ...
Chen Jinhui - - 2013
Recently the low-rank representation (LRR) has been successfully used in exploring the multiple subspace structures of data. It assumes that the observed data is drawn from several low-rank subspaces and sometimes contaminated by outliers and occlusions. However, the noise (low-rank representation residual) is assumed to be sparse, which is generally ...
Sällström Johan - - 2013
The duration of the QRS interval is determined by the ion currents involved in cardiac depolarization. Class I antiarrhythmic drugs reduce cardiac excitability and conduction by inhibiting Nav1.5 channels responsible for INa, thus increasing the QRS interval. Previous studies in humans as well as in animal models have demonstrated a ...
Uspensky Igor - - 2013
Ticks have always been a part of fauna in and around human settlements, and their significance changed concurrently with the enlargement of settlements and their transformation into towns. The increased rate of urbanization during the last decades has created a new reality for tick existence. Two groups of ticks are ...
Yaro Peter - - 2013
Abstract The objective of this study was to develop and validate the in vitro-in vivo correlations (IVIVCs) of three commercially available immediate-release solid dosage forms of indapamide using drug dissolution/absorption simulating system (DDASS). The in vitro dissolution profiles of three brands of immediate-release tablets were obtained using the USP I ...
McIntyre F D - - 2013
A visual survey technique was employed to estimate the abundance and distribution of anglerfish Lophius spp. in areas where destructive sampling methods, such as trawling, are unacceptable. To enable visual surveying at depths of over 300 m, a deep towed vehicle was developed equipped with video, lights and other sensors and ...
Del Rio Vilas Victor J - - 2013
The region of the Americas pledged to eliminate dog-transmitted human rabies by 2015. After 30 years of sustained efforts, regional elimination appears possible as dog-mediated human rabies cases are at an all-time low, and a number of countries and territories have already eliminated the disease. In this setting, there is ...
Eads David A DA Graduate Degree Program in Ecology, Colorado State University, CO 80523, USA ; Department of Biology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, - - 2013
Ectoparasites are often difficult to detect in the field. We developed a method that can be used with occupancy models to estimate the prevalence of ectoparasites on hosts, and to investigate factors that influence rates of ectoparasite occupancy while accounting for imperfect detection. We describe the approach using a study ...
Campbell Hamish - - 2013
Distinguishing specific behavioural modes from data collected by animal-borne tri-axial accelerometers can be a time consuming and subjective process. Data synthesis can be further inhibited when the tri-axial acceleration data cannot be paired with the corresponding behavioural mode through direct observation. Here we explored the use of a tame surrogate ...
Kesisoglou Filippos - - 2013
Formulation changes are common during drug development either due to clinical or manufacturing considerations. These changes especially at later stages of drug development oftentimes raise questions on the potential impact of a new formulation on bioavailability. In this work, the preclinical assessment of formulation bridging risk for a Biopharmaceutics Classification ...
Engler J O - - 2013
Climate is a major factor delimiting species' distributions. However, biotic interactions may also be prominent in shaping geographical ranges, especially for parapatric species forming hybrid zones. Determining the relative effect of each factor and their interaction of the contact zone location has been difficult due to the lack of broad ...
Drira Hassen - - 2013
We propose a novel geometric framework for analyzing 3D faces, with the specific goals of comparing, matching, and averaging their shapes. Here we represent facial surfaces by radial curves emanating from the nose tips and use elastic shape analysis of these curves to develop a Riemannian framework for analyzing shapes ...
Nikneshan Sima - - 2013
This study assessed the accuracy of linear and angular measurements on panoramic radiographs taken at different positions in vitro. Two acrylic models were fabricated from a cast with normal occlusion. Straight and 75° mesially and lingually angulated pins were placed, and standardized panoramic radiographs were taken at standard position, at ...
Dewolf Bradley D - - 2013
The metacestode stage of the tapeworm, Taenia ovis, causes cystic lesions in the skeletal and cardiac muscle of sheep, which can result in the condemnation of the entire carcass. In recent years, Canadian farms have seen a marked increase in the number of condemnations due to T. ovis. Mathematical transmission ...
Lee Jehoon - - 2013
In this paper, we address the problem of 2D-3D pose estimation. Specifically, we propose an approach to jointly track a rigid object in a 2D image sequence and to estimate its pose (position and orientation) in 3D space. We revisit a joint 2D segmentation/3D pose estimation technique, and then extend ...
Delmore K E - - 2013
Studies of hybrid zones can inform our understanding of reproductive isolation and speciation. Two species of brown lemur (Eulemur rufifrons and E. cinereiceps) form an apparently stable hybrid zone in the Andringitra region of south-eastern Madagascar. The aim of this study was to identify factors that contribute to this stability. We ...
Schriewer Alexander - - 2013
The contribution of fecal pollution from dogs in urbanized areas can be significant and is an often underestimated problem. Microbial source tracking methods (MST) utilizing quantitative PCR of dog-associated gene sequences encoding 16S rRNA of Bacteroidales are a useful tool to estimate these contributions. However, data about the performance of ...
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