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Williams Caroline M CM Department of Entomology and Nematology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, 32611, - - 2014
Winter is a key driver of individual performance, community composition, and ecological interactions in terrestrial habitats. Although climate change research tends to focus on performance in the growing season, climate change is also modifying winter conditions rapidly. Changes to winter temperatures, the variability of winter conditions, and winter snow cover ...
Abdullahi A A Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada, - - 2014
Burn injury is a severe form of trauma affecting more than 2 million people in North America each year. Burn trauma is not a single pathophysiological event but a devastating injury that causes structural and functional deficits in numerous organ systems. Due to its complexity and the involvement of multiple ...
Boratyński Z Z 0000000346684922 1] Centre of Excellence in Evolutionary Research, Division of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Department of Biological and Environmental Science, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland [2] CIBIO, Centro de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Recursos Genéticos, InBio Associate Laboratory, Universidade do Porto, Vairão, - - 2014
The evolution of the mitochondrial genome and its potential adaptive impact still generates vital debates. Even if mitochondria have a crucial functional role, as they are the main cellular energy suppliers, mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) introgression is common in nature, introducing variation in populations upon which selection may act. Here we ...
Burt P P British Cycling, Manchester, United - - 2014
The ergonomic interaction between a cyclist and their bike (bike fit) is a potential source of injury and under performance. Expose the potential link between those riders who continually adjust their position (micro adjusters) and those do not (macro absorbers), and injury. Descriptive narrative of the longitudinal injury data and ...
Dahlström O O Linköping University, Linköping, - - 2014
Sports organisations and sportspersons often suffer from an "autonomy-gap" obstructing implementation of interventions against overuse injuries. This obstruction has been described as the organisation-practice (OP) barrier. To develop an inter-organisational sports safety promotion model targeted at prevention of overuse injuries by identifying initiatives that lastingly will bridge the OP barrier. ...
Mahmood A A Australian Centre for Research into Injury in Sport and its Prevention, Federation University Australia, Vic 3350, Ballarat, - - 2014
Use of survival models for the analysis of sports injury data has grown rapidly potentially enabling better understanding of time to sports injury events. Choosing an appropriate model is a key consideration for survival analysis of sports injuries. To identify the application of appropriate survival modelling strategies in sports injury ...
Kang J J University of Calgary, Calgary, - - 2014
In sport injury epidemiology research, the injury incidence rate (IR) is defined as the number of injuries over a given length of participation time (exposure, e.g. game hours). However, it is common that individual weekly exposure is missing due to requirements of personnel at every game to record exposure information. ...
Timpka Toomas T Department of Medical and Health sciences, Linköping University, , Linköping, - - 2014
Movement towards sport safety in Athletics through the introduction of preventive strategies requires consensus on definitions and methods for reporting epidemiological data in the various populations of athletes. To define health-related incidents (injuries and illnesses) that should be recorded in epidemiological studies in Athletics, and the criteria for recording their ...
Slaughter Dekeya R DR From the Departments of Surgery (D.R.S., N.E.G., R.S., S.R.T., O.S.B., S.J., C.T.W., G.M., P.-A.C., H.L.P., S.G.F.), Emergency Medicine (N.W., S.W., D.A.L.), and Pediatrics (D.A.L.), Bellevue Hospital Center, New York University School of Medicine; and Office of Research, Implementation and Safety (M.R.), NYC Department of Transportation, New York, New - - 2014
This study was designed to examine the characteristics of pedestrian and bicyclist collisions with motor vehicles within New York City's high-density hub. The primary objectives were to map crash locations and to identify hot spots within these injury clusters. The secondary objective was to quantify differences in injury severity based ...
Shen Sean - - 2014
Neurotrauma or injuries to the central nervous system (CNS) are a serious public health problem worldwide. Approximately 75% of all traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) are concussions or other mild TBI (mTBI) forms. Evaluation of concussion injury today is limited to an assessment of behavioral symptoms, often with delay and subject ...
Tedesco P A PA UMR Biologie des Organismes et des Ecosystèmes Aquatiques (MNHN-IRD-CNRS-UPMC), Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, 43 rue Cuvier-CP 26, 75005, Paris, France. - - 2014
Because both descriptions of species and modern human-driven extinctions started around the same time (i.e., eighteenth century), a logical expectation is that a large proportion of species may have gone extinct without ever having been recorded. Despite this evident and widely recognized assumption, the loss of undescribed species has never ...
Gabbe Belinda J BJ Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, , Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2014
The application of disability weights by nature of injury is central to the calculation of disability-adjusted life years (DALYs). Such weights should represent injury diagnosis groups that demonstrate homogeneity in disability outcomes. Existing classifications have not used empirical data in their development to inform groups that are homogeneous for disability ...
Wu Xiaogang X Department of Environmental Engineering, Hubei Biomass-Resource Chemistry and Environmental Biotechnology Key Laboratory, Wuhan University, 430079, Wuhan, - - 2014
The Fered-Fenton process has been shown to be an effective method for leachate treatment, but it still faces problems of inadequate regeneration of ferrous ion. However, the use of the photoassisted Fered-Fenton process could overcome this difficulty and improve the efficiency of chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal since photoassisted Fered-Fenton ...
Islam Samantha S Department of Civil Engineering, University of South Alabama, 150 Jaguar Drive, Shelby Hall, Suite 3142, Mobile, AL 36688, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
The research described in this paper analyzed injury severities at a disaggregate level for single-vehicle (SV) and multi-vehicle (MV) large truck at-fault accidents for rural and urban locations in Alabama. Given the occurrence of a crash, four separate random parameter logit models of injury severity (with possible outcomes of major, ...
Hamaluik Kenton - - 2014
Deep tissue injuries are subcutaneous regions of tissue breakdown associated with excessive mechanical pressure for extended period of time. These wounds are currently clinically undetectable in their early stages and result in severe burdens on not only the patients who suffer from them, but the health care system as well. ...
Boyce J W JW Department of Earth, Planetary, and Space Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, - - 2014
Recent discoveries of water-rich lunar apatite are more consistent with the hydrous magmas of Earth than the otherwise volatile-depleted rocks of the Moon. Paradoxically, however, this requires H-rich minerals to form in rocks that are otherwise nearly anhydrous. We modeled existing data from the literature, finding that nominally anhydrous minerals ...
Wegener Stephen T - - 2014
Objective: Although the management of acute traumatic injury has improved, long-term functional outcomes remain poor. Data suggest major improvements in outcome will require comprehensive, self-management (SM) interventions. However, little is known about trauma survivors' willingness to participate in such interventions. The goal of this study was to create and validate ...
White Nicholas A NA Virginia Tech-Wake Forest University Center for Injury Biomechanics, Winston-Salem, NC, 27157, - - 2014
While arthrodesis is the most common surgical intervention for treatment of symptomatic cervical degenerative disc disease (CDDD), arthroplasty has become increasingly more popular over the past decade. While literature exists comparing the effects of anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) and cervical total disc replacement (CTDR) on neck kinematics and ...
Poulin Robert R Department of Zoology, University of Otago, P.O. Box 56, Dunedin, New Zealand. Electronic address: - - 2014
Although parasites are widely touted as representing a large fraction of the Earth's total biodiversity, several questions remain about the magnitude of parasite diversity, our ability to discover it all and how it varies among host taxa or areas of the world. This review addresses four topical issues about parasite ...
Xiao Daniel Z T DZ Division of Biomedical Engineering, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong - - 2014
Deep tissue injury (DTI) occurs in deep muscles around bony prominences due to excessive and prolonged mechanical loading acting on the skin surface. The condition is clinically challenging because it can escape being noticed till the damage propagates all the way to the skin. In this study, a semi-3D finite ...
Ni Bing-Jie - - 2014
Autotrophic ammonia oxidizing bacteria (AOB) have been recognized as a major contributor to N2O production in wastewater treatment systems. However, so far N2O models have been proposed based on a single N2O production pathway by AOB, and there is still a lack of effective approach for the integration of these ...
Sprecher Benjamin - - 2014
Neodymium is one of the more critical rare earth elements with respect to current availability, and is most often used in high performance magnets. In this paper we compare the virgin production route of these magnets with two hypothetical recycling processes in terms of environmental impact. The first recycling process ...
Hafezi-Nejad Nima N Sina Trauma and Surgery Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), , Tehran, - - 2014
Elucidating the epidemiological status of injuries is a critical component of preventive strategies in countries with high incidence of injuries, like Iran. Population-based surveys are able to estimate all types of non-fatal injuries. This study protocol is the core unit in describing Iran's national cost and epidemiology of non-fatal injuries, ...
Bondi Corina O CO University of Pittsburgh, Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 3434 5th Ave, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15213 ; - - 2014
Environmental enrichment (EE) emerged as a robust independent variable capable of influencing behavioral outcome in experimental studies following the fortuitous observation by renowned neuropsychologist Donald O. Hebb that rats raised as pets in his home performed markedly better on problem solving tasks than those kept in the laboratory. In the ...
Hepper Alan E AE Dstl Porton Down, Salisbury, - - 2014
This paper addresses the computational modelling of a series of specific blast-related incidents and the relationships of clinical and engineering interpretations. The Royal Centre for Defence Medicine and the Defence Science and Technology Laboratory were tasked in 2010 by the UK Ministry of Defence to assist the Coroner's inquests into ...
Kipsaina Chebiwot C a Department of Forensic Medicine , Monash University , Melbourne , - - 2014
This study explored the challenges in establishing a mortuary-based injury surveillance system in a resource-constrained setting of Ibadan, Nigeria. To quantify and detail fatal injuries, in September 2010 to February 2011, a prospective data collection utilised the World Health Organization-Monash draft surveillance system. Findings were compared with other low- and ...
Jou Rong-Chang RC Department of Civil Engineering, National Chi Nan International University, No. 1, University Road, Puli, NanTou Hsien 545, Taiwan. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study aimed to investigate the amount of consolation compensation that road accident perpetrators were willing to pay victims. It used 2010 statistics for general road accidents from Taiwan's National Police Agency (NPA) for further sampling and to mail questionnaires. In investigating consolation compensation, the framework of the contingent valuation ...
Zhang Yi Ping YP Norton Neuroscience Institute, Norton Healthcare, 210 East Gray Street, Suite 1102, Louisville, KY, 40202, USA, - - 2014
The use of mouse models in traumatic brain injury (TBI) has several advantages compared to other animal models including low cost of breeding, easy maintenance, and innovative technology to create genetically modified strains. Studies using knockout and transgenic mice demonstrating functional gain or loss of molecules provide insight into basic ...
Lee Sang Wan SW Computation & Neural Systems, MC228-77, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA; Behavioral & Social Neuroscience, MC228-77, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA; Division of Humanities and Social Sciences, MC228-77, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
There is accumulating neural evidence to support the existence of two distinct systems for guiding action selection, a deliberative "model-based" and a reflexive "model-free" system. However, little is known about how the brain determines which of these systems controls behavior at one moment in time. We provide evidence for an ...
Abisambra Jose F JF Sanders Brown Center on Aging, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, - - 2014
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the most common form of head injury and is a leading cause of death worldwide. Due to the vast variability in the types and severity of trauma, the cellular consequences of head injury are not completely understood. The development of reliable models of TBI will ...
Pretz Christopher R CR Craig Hospital (Drs Pretz and Cuthbert) and Traumatic Brain Injury National Statistical and Data Center (Drs Pretz and Cuthbert), Englewood, Colorado; and Department of Biostatistics, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond (Dr Ketchum). This work was prepared at the Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems National Data and Statistical Center, Craig Hospital, Englewood, - - 2014
An untapped wealth of temporal information is captured within the Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems National Database. Utilization of appropriate longitudinal analyses can provide an avenue toward unlocking the value of this information. This article highlights 2 statistical methods used for assessing change over time when examination of noncontinuous outcomes ...
Carlsson Anna A a Chalmers University of Technology , - - 2014
ABSTRACT Objectives Whiplash Associated Disorders (WADs), or 'whiplash injuries', due to low severity vehicle crashes are of great concern in motorised countries and it is well established that the risk of such injuries is higher for females than for males, even in similar crash conditions. Recent protective systems have been ...
Yasmin Shamsunnahar S Department of Civil Engineering & Applied Mechanics, McGill University, Suite 483, 817 Sherbrooke St. W., Montréal, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
A most commonly identified exogenous factor that significantly affects traffic crash injury severity sustained is the collision type variable. Most studies consider collision type only as an explanatory variable in modeling injury. However, it is possible that each collision type has a fundamentally distinct effect on injury severity sustained in ...
Kaplan Yonatan Y Physical Therapy and Sports Medicine Institute, Lerner Sports Center, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel. - - 2014
Introduction: Barefoot running is not a new concept, but relatively few people choose to engage in barefoot running on a regular basis. Despite the technological developments in modern running footwear, as many as 79% of runners are injured every year. Although benefits of barefoot running have been proposed, there are ...
De Azevedo Letícia Henrique - - 2014
Litchi (Litchi chinensis Sonnerat) is native to Southeast Asia, where most of the world cultivation of this crop is done. Its commercial cultivation in Brazil is recent and concentrated in the state of São Paulo. This crop has been severely damaged in Asia and Brazil by the litchi erineum mite, ...
De Pauw Ellen E Transportation Research Institute, Hasselt University, Wetenschapspark 5, BE-3590 Diepenbeek, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
Black spot management is a widely implemented measure to improve traffic safety. This study evaluates the safety effects of an extensive black spot programme that has been implemented in Flanders-Belgium. In total, around 800 black spots were selected, from which 134 locations, redesigned between 2004 and 2007, were included in ...
Weightman Alan P AP Cellular and Neural Engineering Group, Institute for Science and Technology in Medicine, Huxley Building, Keele University, Keele, Staffordshire ST5 5BG, UK; Guy Hilton Research Centre, Institute for Science and Technology in Medicine, Thornburrow Drive, Keele University, Staffordshire ST4 7QB, - - 2014
Implantable 'structural bridges' based on nanofabricated polymer scaffolds have great promise to aid spinal cord regeneration. Their development (optimal formulations, surface functionalizations, safety, topographical influences and degradation profiles) is heavily reliant on live animal injury models. These have several disadvantages including invasive surgical procedures, ethical issues, high animal usage, technical ...
Cai Zhihua Z a College of Electromechanical Engineering, Hunan University of Science and Technology , , Changsha , P.R. - - 2014
From 1990 to approximately 50,000-120,000 people die annually of road traffic accidents in China. Traffic accidents are the main cause of death of Chinese adults aged 15-45 years. This study aimed to determine the biomechanical response and injury tolerance of the human body in traffic accidents. The subject was a 35-year-old ...
Vriend Ingrid I VeiligheidNL, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
The contemporary electronic media is regarded as a practical tool in the dissemination of preventive measures and interventions. For this purpose an App (free of charge) was developed including an efficacious programme for the prevention of ankle sprain recurrences. This study evaluated the implementation effectiveness of this 'Versterk je Enkel' ...
Rodríguez-Bencomo Juan José - - 2014
The impact of the addition of glutathione enriched Inactive Dry Yeast Preparations (g-IDYs) on the stability of some typical wine terpenes (linalool, -terpineol, -citronellol and nerol) stored under accelerated oxidative conditions was evaluated in model wines. Additionally, the effects of a second type of IDY preparation with a different claim ...
Pannala Venkat R - - 2014
Abstract Glutathione peroxidase (GPx) is a well-known seleno-enzyme that protects cells from oxidative stress (for example, lipid peroxidation and oxidation of other cellular proteins and macromolecules), by catalyzing the reduction of harmful peroxides (e.g., hydrogen peroxides: H2O2) with reduced glutathione (GSH). However, the catalytic mechanism of GPx kinetics is not ...
Lu Bin B Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Science, Chengdu, Sichuan, - - 2014
Phylogeographic analysis brings organism phylogeny, regional geological/ climatic history, and population demography together, and provides insights into species history and speciation. Using DNA sequence data from a mitochondrial marker (cytochrome b) and a nuclear marker (cmyc intron 2), we examined phylogeography of the Amolops mantzorum species group. We first constructed ...
Leigh J Paul JP Center for Healthcare Policy and Research, University of California, Davis School of Medicine, Davis, CA; Department of Public Health Sciences, University of California, Davis School of Medicine, Davis, CA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Debate surrounds the accuracy of U.S. government's estimates of job-related injuries and illnesses in agriculture. Whereas studies have attempted to estimate the undercount for all industries combined, none have specifically addressed agriculture. Data were drawn from the U.S. government's premier sources for workplace injuries and illnesses and employment: the Bureau ...
Jones J M JM Mathematics Department, Keele University, Keele, Staffordshire, United - - 2014
Anatomic injury, physiological derangement, age, and injury mechanism are well-founded predictors of trauma outcome. We aimed to develop and validate the first Scandinavian survival prediction model for trauma. Eligible were patients admitted to Oslo University Hospital Ullevål within 24 h after injury with Injury Severity Score ≥ 10, proximal penetrating injuries or ...
Hildebrand Ainslie M AM Division of Nephrology, Western University, London, ON, - - 2014
We frequently fail to identify articles relevant to the subject of acute kidney injury (AKI) when searching the large bibliographic databases such as PubMed, Ovid Medline or Embase. To address this issue, we used computer automation to create information search filters to better identify articles relevant to AKI in these ...
Turner Ryan C RC 1Department of Neurosurgery, 2The Center for Neuroscience, 3Department of Nursing, West Virginia University School of Medicine, Morgantown, West Virginia 4Department of Neurosurgery, NorthShore University Health System, Evanston, Illinois 5Department of Neurosurgery, University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois 6Department of Basic Pharmaceutical Sciences, West Virginia University School of Pharmacy, Morgantown, West - - 2014
Concussion remains a symptom-based diagnosis clinically, yet preclinical studies investigating traumatic brain injury, of which concussion is believed to represent a 'mild' form, emphasize histological endpoints with functional assessments often minimized or ignored all together. Recently, clinical studies have identified the importance of cognitive and neuropsychiatric symptoms, in addition to ...
Sahraei Elham E Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Mass Ave, room 5-218B, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Previous research has shown that rear seat occupant protection has decreased over model years, and front-end stiffness is a possible factor causing this trend. In this research, the effects of a change in stiffness on protection of rear seat occupants in frontal crashes were investigated. The stiffness was adjusted by ...
Putnam Jacob B JB a Virginia Tech-Wake Forest School of Biomedical Engineering and Sciences, Virginia Tech , Blacksburg , VA , - - 2014
Abstract Introduction/Objective: In an effort to continually improve upon the design of the test device for human occupant restraint (THOR) dummy, a series of modifications have recently been applied. The first objective of this study was to update the THOR head-neck finite element (FE) model to the specifications of the ...
Kusano Kristofer D KD a Virginia Tech, School of Biomedical Engineering and Sciences , 440 Kelly Hall, 325 Stanger St (0194) , Blacksburg , 24061 , United - - 2014
Abstract Objective: The objective of active safety systems is to prevent or mitigate collisions. A critical component in the design of active safety systems is the identification of the target population for a proposed system. The target population for an active safety system is that set of crashes that a ...
De Simone F F Institute of Atmospheric Pollution Research (Division of Rende), Rende, Italy, - - 2014
Mercury (Hg) is a global pollutant since its predominant atmospheric form, elemental Hg, reacts relatively slowly with the more abundant atmospheric oxidants. Comprehensive knowledge on the details of the atmospheric Hg cycle is still lacking, and in particular, there is some uncertainty regarding the atmospherically relevant reduction-oxidation reactions of mercury ...
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