Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 803
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Strijkers Rob Hw RH Department of Vascular Surgery and Cardiovascular Research Institute Maastricht, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht, Limburg, The Netherlands - - 2014
The results of the CaVent-study and the expected results of the ATTRACT and CAVA trials will form the base of evidence to support that rapid cloth removal is beneficial for patients with iliofemoral DVT. Although beneficial, there are still significant risks associated with this therapy. Therefore alternative methods for rapid ...
Lahr Maarten M H MM Department of Neurology, University Medical Centre Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The - - 2013
Treatment rates with intravenous tissue plasminogen activator vary by region, which can be partially explained by organizational models of stroke care. A recent study demonstrated that prehospital factors determine a higher thrombolysis rate in a centralized vs. decentralized model in the north of the Netherlands. To investigate prehospital factors that ...
Hill E - - 2013
Stroke thrombolysis has been a major driver for change within stroke services. However, until recently its widespread application has been limited to tertiary centres. Transfer to tertiary care can lead to significant delays in thrombolysis. We developed a novel mesh telestroke network, which allows stroke specialists to make videoconference-based thrombolysis ...
Enden T T Department of Hematology, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway. - - 2013
Additional treatment with catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) has recently been shown to reduce post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS). To estimate the cost effectiveness of additional CDT compared with standard treatment alone. Using a Markov decision model, we compared the two treatment strategies in patients with a high proximal deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and ...
Echouffo-Tcheugui J B - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Fear of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a deterrent to the uptake of thrombolytic therapy, an evidence-based treatment for acute ischemic stroke. Several characteristics associated with post-thrombolysis ICH have been identified, but their combined utility for risk stratification has yet to be clarified. We critically examined risk models to predict ...
Ghandehari Kavian K Professor, Cognitive Research Center, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, - - 2013
Standard protocols should be established for treating eligible stroke patients with tissue plasminogen activator (TPA) (recommendation class I, level of evidence B). The Iranian standard protocol of Intravenous Thrombolysis with recombinant Tissue Plasminogen Activator (IVTTPA) is the best possible and easy to use method for performing intravenous thrombolysis in Iran. ...
Martufi Giampaolo G Department of Solid Mechanics, School of Engineering Sciences, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Osquars Backe 1, 100 44 Stockholm, Sweden. - - 2012
A better understanding of the inherent properties of vascular tissue to adapt to its mechanical environment is crucial to improve the predictability of biomechanical simulations. Fibrillar collagen in the vascular wall plays a central role in tissue adaptation owing to its relatively short lifetime. Pathological alterations of collagen turnover may ...
Stötzel Sabine - - 2012
Heterogeneous mixtures of collagen fragments can be used as nutrition supplement or as key ingredients for ointments with therapeutic relevance in wound healing. Some mixtures of collagen fragments are referred to as collagen hydrolysates owing to the production process with hydrolytic enzymes. Since the precise composition of collagen hydrolysates is ...
van den Boogaart Jos G M - - 2012
This paper offers a structural and mechanical analysis of the median finfold in larval teleosts. The median finfold is strengthened by bundles of collagen fibres, known as actinotrichia. We demonstrate that these structures contribute to increase the mass of backward accelerated water during swimming. The amount, dimensions, orientation and growth ...
Cheng Jeffrey K JK Department of Biomedical Engineering, Washington University, St. Louis, MO, - - 2013
Decreased elastin in mice (Eln+/-) yields a functioning vascular system with elevated blood pressure and increased arterial stiffness that is morphologically distinct from wild-type mice (WT). Yet, function is retained enough that there is no appreciable effect on life span and some mechanical properties are maintained constant. It is not ...
Showalter Brent L BL Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, - - 2012
Experimental measurement and normalization of in vitro disc torsion mechanics and collagen content for several animal species used in intervertebral disc research and comparing these with the human disc. To aid in the selection of appropriate animal models for disc research by measuring torsional mechanical properties and collagen content. There ...
Lake Spencer P - - 2012
While collagen is recognized as the predominant mechanical component of soft connective tissues, the role of the non-fibrillar matrix (NFM) is less well understood. Even model systems, such as the collagen-agarose co-gel, can exhibit complex behavior, making it difficult to identify relative contributions of specific tissue constituents. In the present ...
Marino Michele - - 2012
Mechanobiology of cells in soft collagenous tissues is highly affected by both tissue response at the macroscale and stress/strain localization mechanisms due to features at lower scales. In this paper, the macroscale mechanical behaviour of soft collagenous tissues is modelled by a three-level multiscale approach, based on a multi-step homogenisation ...
Hong Cheng W - - 2012
Corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) is a method for modifying the natural history of keratoconus and other corneal ectatic diseases. The authors evaluated the use of collagenase for generating an experimental model of ectasia to evaluate the topographic effects of CXL interventions. Nine human corneoscleral specimens unsuitable for transplantation were used. ...
Ní Annaidh Aisling - - 2012
Collagen fibres play an important role in the mechanical behaviour of many soft tissues. Modelling of such tissues now often incorporates a collagen fibre distribution. However, the availability of accurate structural data has so far lagged behind the progress of anisotropic constitutive modelling. Here, an automated process is developed to ...
Yang Shuo S Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Bio21 Molecular Science and Biotechnology Institute, University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010, - - 2012
Amyloid fibrils and their soluble oligomeric intermediates are implicated in several age-related diseases including Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases. The distribution of oligomers and fibrils is related to toxicity and is dependent on the pathways for fibril assembly, generally considered to occur via a slow nucleation step that precedes fibril elongation. ...
Cárdenas Sandoval Rosy Paola - - 2012
This article proposes a mathematical model that predicts the wound healing process of the ligament after a sprain, grade II. The model describes the swelling, expression of the platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), formation and migration of fibroblasts into the injury area and the expression of collagen fibers. Additionally, the model ...
Hambli Ridha - - 2012
Mineralized collagen microfibrils in human bone provide its mechanical properties (stiffness, elasticity, ductility, energy dissipation and strength). However, detailed 3D finite element models describing the mechanical behavior of the mineralized collagen microfibrils are still lacking. In the current work, we developed a 3D finite element model of the mineralized collagen ...
Hill Michael R MR Department of Bioengineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, United States. - - 2012
Gradual collagen recruitment has been hypothesized as the underlying mechanism for the mechanical stiffening with increasing stress in arteries. In this work, we investigated this hypothesis in eight rabbit carotid arteries by directly measuring the distribution of collagen recruitment stretch under increasing circumferential loading using a custom uniaxial (UA) extension ...
Lv Ting - - 2012
Topical photodynamic therapy (PDT) mediated by 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) has been used for the treatment of age-related skin lesions for therapeutic or cosmetic purposes. The modulation of collagen component and structure might play a significant role in influencing treatment outcomes of PDT. In this study, the effect of multi-session low ...
Sukenik Shahar - - 2012
It is widely recognized that amyloid formation sensitively responds to conditions set by myriad cellular solutes. These cosolutes include two important classes: macromolecular crowders and compatible osmolytes. We have recently found that addition of macromolecular PEG only slightly affects fibril formation of a model peptide in vitro. Polyol osmolytes, in ...
Xiao Zhibo - - 2012
A recent study reported that Botulinum toxin type A (BTXA) could inhibit the growth of hypertrophic scars and improve their appearance. However, the mechanism of BTXA's action on hypertrophic scars is still unknown. Some in vitro studies had shown BTXA could alleviate hypertrophic scars by acting on the biological behavior ...
Sukenik Shahar - - 2012
It is widely recognized that amyloid formation sensitively responds to conditions set by myriad cellular solutes. These cosolutes include two important classes: macromolecular crowders and compatible osmolytes. We have recently found that addition of macromolecular PEG only slightly affects fibril formation of a model peptide in vitro. Polyol osmolytes, in ...
Zhang Zhiwei - - 2011
Summary The current statistical literature on causal inference is primarily concerned with population means of potential outcomes, while the current statistical practice also involves other meaningful quantities such as quantiles. Motivated by the Consortium on Safe Labor (CSL), a large observational study of obstetric labor progression, we propose and compare ...
Mallakpour Shadpour - - 2011
The main purpose of the present study was modeling and prediction of the optical rotation ([M](D)) of some biodegradable polymers containing α-amino acids using quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) approaches. In order to attain this goal, the optical rotation of a collection of 53 polymers was selected as a data set. ...
Bond William F - - 2011
INTRODUCTION:: The Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services recently declared that central venous catheter-associated bloodstream infections (CLABs) are preventable and no longer reimbursable. The new penalty paradigm creates substantial economic incentives for hospitals to eliminate infections. Modeling exercises offer the opportunity to justify expenditures for the prevention of rare patient ...
Mathieson Lindsay C - - 2011
The current study adopts a relational vulnerability model to examine the association between hostile attribution bias and relational aggression. Specifically, the relational vulnerability model implicates the interactive effects of a number of relational risk factors in the development of relational aggression. A sample of 635 3rd, 4th, and 5th grade ...
Jayender J - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The preferred method of treatment for atrial fibrillation (AF) is by catheter ablation, in which a catheter is guided into the left atrium through a transseptal puncture. However, the transseptal puncture constrains the catheter, thereby limiting its manoeuvrability and increasing the difficulty in reaching various locations in the left ...
Lancashire Lee J - - 2011
The development of informative composite circulating biomarkers predicting cancer presence or therapy response is clinically attractive but optimal approaches to modeling are as yet unclear. This study investigated multidimensional relationships within an example panel of serum insulin-like growth factor (IGF) peptides using logistic regression (LR), fractional polynomial (FP), regression, artificial ...
España-Boquera Salvador - - 2011
This paper proposes the use of hybrid Hidden Markov Model (HMM)/Artificial Neural Network (ANN) models for recognizing unconstrained offline handwritten texts. The structural part of the optical models has been modeled with Markov chains, and a Multilayer Perceptron is used to estimate the emission probabilities. This paper also presents new ...
Tomamichel Marco - - 2011
Uncertainty relations give upper bounds on the accuracy by which the outcomes of two incompatible measurements can be predicted. While established uncertainty relations apply to cases where the predictions are based on purely classical data (e.g., a description of the system's state before measurement), an extended relation which remains valid ...
Mitterlechner Thomas - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: In a model of severe simulated upper airway haemorrhage, we compared two techniques of performing endotracheal intubation: (1) suctioning via the endotracheal tube during laryngoscopy with subsequently advancing the endotracheal tube, and (2) the standard intubation strategy with performing laryngoscopy, and performing suction with subsequently advancing the endotracheal tube. ...
Pollak P M - - 2011
We have designed, built and tested a novel needle for percutaneously accessing the pericardial space. The problem with accessing pericardial space is that the pericardium is against the heart. Our novel device incorporates a single spiral tine at the distal tip of a10-gauge needle, which engages the parietal pericardium tangentially ...
Rhinehart R Russell - - 2011
Although standards for orifice flow meter design, installation, and calibration are supported herein, noncompliant devices exist in many pilot-, lab-scale, and on-board applications. For these, a common calibration practice is to preserve the ideal square root relation and determine a device specific discharge coefficient value. This work provides theoretical and ...
Dublenych Yu I - - 2011
We consider a lattice and structures on it generated by a set of configurations of a cluster. Using some general considerations, we show that there exist linear relations between fractional contents of these configurations in the structures. Such relations can be useful for the determination of the ground states of ...
Sánchez M C - - 2011
Sánchez MC, Llama-Palacios A, Blanc V, León R, Herrera D, Sanz M. Structure, viability and bacterial kinetics of an in vitro biofilm model using six bacteria from the subgingival microbiota. J Periodont Res 2011; doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0765.2011.01341.x. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S Background and Objective:  There are few in ...
Cameron Bruce M - - 2011
Image-guided catheter ablation therapy is becoming an increasingly popular treatment option for atrial fibrillation. Successful treatment relies on accurate guidance of the treatment catheter. Integration of high-resolution, pre-operative data with electrophysiology data and positional data from tracked catheters improves targeting, but lacks the means to monitor changes in the atrial ...
De Vries Sanne I - - 2011
To develop and evaluate two artificial neural network (ANN) models based on single-sensor accelerometer data and an ANN model based on the data of two accelerometers for the identification of types of physical activity in adults. Forty-nine subjects (21 men and 28 women; age range = 22-62 yr) performed a ...
Mazue G - - 2010
The present study is part of a global project which consists in the development of an automatic cleaning station for immersed boats (cockle, ninepin, etc.) in a self-service mode, associating an innovative ultrasonic device for cleaning with a specific water treatment. The originality of the process is that cleaning is ...
Yang Xiao-Xing - - 2011
Thermodilution cardiac output using a pulmonary artery catheter is the reference method against which all new methods of cardiac output measurement are judged. However, thermodilution lacks precision and has a quoted precision error of ± 20%. There is uncertainty about its true precision and this causes difficulty when validating new ...
Maslekar S - - 2010
Artificial neural networks (ANNs) are computer programs used to identify complex relations within data. Routine predictions of presence of colorectal pathology based on population statistics have little meaning for individual patient. This results in large number of unnecessary lower gastrointestinal endoscopies (LGEs - colonoscopies and flexible sigmoidoscopies). We aimed to ...
Ma Rui - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to develop a mathematical model to quantitatively describe the passive transport of macromolecules within dental biofilms. Fluorescently labeled dextrans with different molecular mass (3 kD, 10 kD, 40 kD, 70 kD, 2000 kD) were used as a series of diffusion probes. Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus ...
Ahmadi H - - 2010
In making general recommendations for amino acids, researchers might survey various published data on the responses of poultry to amino acids. In this way, the use of appropriate mathematical and statistical approaches may help researchers draw appropriate conclusions. The purpose of this study was to develop artificial neural network (ANN)-based ...
Goyal Neeraj K - - 2010
To compare the accuracy of artificial neural network (ANN) analysis and multi-variate regression analysis (MVRA) for renal stone fragmentation by extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL). A total of 276 patients with renal calculus were treated by ESWL during December 2001 to December 2006. Of them, the data of 196 patients ...
Wang Zhi-Wu - - 2011
In this study, a hydrolysate diffusion and utilization model was developed to examine factors influencing cellulolytic biofilm morphology. Model simulations using Caldicellulosiruptor obsidiansis revealed that the cellulolytic biofilm needs to generate more hydrolysate than it consumes to establish a higher than bulk solution intra-biofilm substrate concentration to support its growth. ...
Kinne J - - 2010
It has been postulated that the one-humped (Arabian) dromedary and the two-humped (Bactrian) camel originated from a single ancestor. Consequently, the dromedary was considered a breed of the two-humped camel, based on an anatomical study by Lombardini L, 1879: Ann. Del. Universita Toscane, 259, 147, who described a reduced second ...
Genaro N - - 2010
Noise is a global problem. In 1972 the World Health Organization (WHO) classified noise as a pollutant. Since then, most industrialized countries have enacted laws and local regulations to prevent and reduce acoustic environmental pollution. A further aim is to alert people to the dangers of this type of pollution. ...
Siristatidis Charalampos S - - 2010
Current (and probably future) practice of medicine is mostly associated with prediction and accurate diagnosis. Especially in clinical practice, there is an increasing interest in constructing and using valid models of diagnosis and prediction. Artificial neural networks (ANNs) are mathematical systems being used as a prospective tool for reliable, flexible ...
Lin Chao-Shun - - 2011
Perioperative hypotension is associated with adverse outcomes in patients undergoing surgery. A computer-based model that integrates related factors and predicts the risk of hypotension would be helpful in clinical anesthesia. The purpose of this study was to develop artificial neural network (ANN) models to identify patients at high risk for ...
He Bin - - 2011
Artificial Neural Network (ANN) is a flexible and popular tool for predicting the non-linear behavior in the environmental system. Here, the feed-forward ANN model was used to investigate the relationship among the land use, fertilizer, and hydrometerological conditions in 59 river basins over Japan and then applied to estimate the ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >