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Succo G G Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Ospedale San Luigi-Martini, University of Turin, Turin, - - 2014
We present herein the proposal of the European Laryngological Society working committee on nomenclature for a systematic classification of open partial horizontal laryngectomies (OPHL). This is based on the cranio-caudal extent of laryngeal structures resected, instead of a number of different and heterogeneous variables present in existing nomenclatures, usually referring ...
Beatty Adam S - - 2014
Range restriction is a common problem in personnel selection and other contexts in applied psychology. For many years researchers have used corrections that assume range restriction was direct, even when it was known that range restriction was indirect. Hunter, Schmidt, and Le (2006) proposed a new correction for cases of ...
Turan Suslu Hikmet H Department of Neurosurgery, Dr. Lutfi Kırdar Kartal Education and Research Hospital , Istanbul , - - 2014
Background. The jugular tubercle (JT) is an important part of the craniovertebral junction. The removal of the JT in the far-lateral approach provides a significant increase in the operative space. The purpose of this morphometrical study was to define the anatomical variations of the JT. Methods. Thirty-eight dry skulls were ...
- - 2014
[This corrects the article on p. 892 in vol. 91, PMID: 24347720.].
Miller Peter - - 2014
Could I add some background information to Jennifer Trueland's 'Understanding CHARGE' article (Features January 22).
Wang Xiang-Wen XW Alibaba Research Center for Complexity Sciences, Hangzhou Normal University, Hangzhou, China ; Department of Physics, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America ; Department of Modern Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, - - 2014
In recent years, several path-breaking findings on human mobility patterns point out a novel issue which is of important theoretical significance and great application prospects. The empirical analysis of the data which can reflect the real-world human mobility provides the basic cognition and verification of the theoretical models and predictive ...
Ema Makoto - - 2014
Historical control data on rodent developmental toxicity studies, performed between 1994 and 2010, were obtained from 19 laboratories in Japan, including 10 pharmaceutical and chemical companies and 9 contract research organizations. Rats, mice, and hamsters were used for developmental toxicity studies. Data included maternal reproductive findings at terminal cesarean sections ...
Li Weixin - - 2014
The detection and localization of anomalous behaviors in crowded scenes is considered, and a joint detector of temporal and spatial anomalies is proposed. The proposed detector is based on a video representation that accounts for both appearance and dynamics, using a set of mixture of dynamic textures models. These models ...
Chang Yao-Jen - - 2014
We study anomaly detection in a context that considers user trajectories as input and tries to identify anomalies for users following normal routes such as taking public transportation from the workplace to home or vice versa. Trajectories are modeled as a discrete-time series of axis-parallel constraints ("boxes") in the 2-D ...
Sagar Anil Kumar AK School of Computer and Systems Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi 110067, - - 2014
Some applications of wireless sensor network require K-coverage and K-connectivity to ensure the system to be fault tolerance and to make it more reliable. Therefore, it makes coverage and connectivity an important issue in wireless sensor networks. In this paper, we proposed K-coverage and K-connectivity models for wireless sensor networks. ...
Peng Jian J 0000-0002-1853-6386 College of Information Systems and Management, National University of Defense and Technology, Changsha 410073, - - 2014
This paper presented a fault diagnosis method for key components of satellite, called Anomaly Monitoring Method (AMM), which is made up of state estimation based on Multivariate State Estimation Techniques (MSET) and anomaly detection based on Sequential Probability Ratio Test (SPRT). On the basis of analysis failure of lithium-ion batteries ...
Pyayt Alexander L AL Siemens LLC, Corporate Technology, Volynskiy lane 3A, St. Petersburg, 191186, Russia. - - 2014
Detection of early warning signals for the imminent failure of large and complex engineered structures is a daunting challenge with many open research questions. In this paper we report on novel ways to perform Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) of flood protection systems (levees, earthen dikes and concrete dams) using sensor ...
Yang Yapeng Y Department of Automatic Control, College of Mechatronics and Automation, National University of Defense Technology, Deya Street 109, Changsha 410073, China. - - 2014
Gravity surveys are an important research topic in geophysics and geodynamics. This paper investigates a method for high accuracy large scale gravity anomaly data reconstruction. Based on the airborne gravimetry technology, a flight test was carried out in China with the strap-down airborne gravimeter (SGA-WZ) developed by the Laboratory of ...
Aydogan Dogu Baran DB Department of Electronics and Communications Engineering, Tampere University of Technology, , Tampere, - - 2014
Quantifying the connectivity of material microstructures is important for a wide range of applications from filters to biomaterials. Currently, the most used measure of connectivity is the Euler number, which is a topological invariant. Topology alone, however, is not sufficient for most practical purposes. In this study, we use our ...
- - 2014
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0062280.].
Hawkinson Ellen K EK Center for Education in Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern - - 2014
Studies have shown that simulation can be a valuable tool for training pediatric surgeons to perform thoracoscopic repair of rare congenital anomalies [1-3]. The previously evaluated models were high fidelity, hybrid models that required the use of fetal bovine or porcine tissue blocks within a simulated neonate chest cavity. Real ...
- - 2014
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0078448.].
Aslanyan Grigor G Department of Physics, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New - - 2013
Most treatments of large scale anomalies in the microwave sky are a posteriori, with unquantified look-elsewhere effects. We contrast these with physical models of specific inhomogeneities in the early Universe which can generate these apparent anomalies. Physical models predict correlations between candidate anomalies and the corresponding signals in polarization and large ...
Grant Andrew D M AD Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada; Heart and Vascular Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, - - 2013
Multiparametric scoring of valvular regurgitation may compromise interobserver agreement, as readers weight parameters differently. The aims of this study were to quantify interobserver variability in the grading of chronic tricuspid regurgitation (TR), develop an algorithm for grading TR, and assess the effect of this algorithm on concordance and accuracy. On ...
Unterweger M P - - 2013
As reported at the ICRM 2011, it was discovered that the source holder used for calibrations in the NIST 4πγ ionization chamber (IC) was not stable. This has affected a large number of half-life measurement results previously reported and used in compilations of nuclear data. Corrections have been made on ...
Kittler Josef - - 2013
We address the problem of anomaly detection in machine perception. The concept of domain anomaly is introduced as distinct from the conventional notion of anomaly used in the literature. We propose a unified framework for anomaly detection which exposes the multifaceted nature of anomalies and suggest effective mechanisms for identifying ...
Jie Biao - - 2013
Rapid advances in neuroimaging techniques have provided an efficient and non-invasive way for exploring the structural and functional connectivity of the human brain. Quantitative measurement of abnormality of brain connectivity in patients with neurodegenerative diseases, such as mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD), have also been widely reported, ...
Desai Ankur R - - 2013
Significant advances have been made over the past decades in capabilities to simulate diurnal and seasonal variation of leaf-level and canopy-scale photosynthesis in temperate and boreal forests. However, long-term prediction of future forest productivity in a changing climate may be more dependent on how climate and biological anomalies influence extremes ...
Jie Biao - - 2013
Recently, brain connectivity networks have been used for classification of Alzheimer's disease and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) from normal controls (NC). In typical connectivity-networks-based classification approaches, local measures of connectivity networks are first extracted from each region-of-interest as network features, which are then concatenated into a vector for subsequent feature ...
McKay S Kyle - - 2013
Hydrologic connectivity is critical to the structure, function, and dynamic process of river ecosystems. Dams, road crossings, and water diversions impact connectivity by altering flow regimes, behavioral cues, local geomorphology, and nutrient cycling. This longitudinal fragmentation of river ecosystems also increases genetic and reproductive isolation of aquatic biota such as ...
Zoulfaghari Hossein - - 2013
Traditionally, in the redundancy allocation problem (RAP), two general classes of optimization problems are considered; reliability optimization and availability optimization. Contrary to reliability optimization, fewer researchers have studied availability optimization to find out the optimal combination of components type and redundancy levels for each subsystem in a system for maximizing ...
Gopalan Prem K - - 2013
Detecting overlapping communities is essential to analyzing and exploring natural networks such as social networks, biological networks, and citation networks. However, most existing approaches do not scale to the size of networks that we regularly observe in the real world. In this paper, we develop a scalable approach to community ...
Grimbizis Grigoris F - - 2013
The new ESHRE/ESGE classification system of female genital anomalies is presented, aiming to provide a more suitable classification system for the accurate, clear, correlated with clinical management and simple categorization of female genital anomalies. Congenital malformations of the female genital tract are common miscellaneous deviations from normal anatomy with health ...
Grimbizis Grigoris F - - 2013
STUDY QUESTION: What classification system is more suitable for the accurate, clear, simple and related to the clinical management categorization of female genital anomalies? SUMMARY ANSWER: The new ESHRE/ESGE classification system of female genital anomalies is presented. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Congenital malformations of the female genital tract are common ...
Li Weixin - - 2013
The detection and localization of anomalous behaviors in crowded scenes is considered, and a joint detector of temporal and spatial anomalies is proposed. The proposed detector is based on a video representation that accounts for both appearance and dynamics, using a set of mixture of dynamic textures models. These models ...
Mahmood Feroze - - 2013
To demonstrate the clinical feasibility of accurately measuring tricuspid annular area by 3-dimensional (3D) transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) and to assess the geometric differences based on the presence of tricuspid regurgitation (TR). Also, the shape of the tricuspid annulus was compared with previous descriptions in the literature. Prospective. Tertiary care university ...
Lučić Bono - - 2013
This review discusses structure-property modeling applications of a novel variant of the Randić connectivity index that is called the sum-connectivity index. We compare published one-descriptor quantitative structure-property relationship (QSPR) models obtained with the new sum-connectivity index and with the Randić connectivity index, called here the product-connectivity index. Additionally, the efficiency ...
Mahato Niladri Kumar - - 2013
In light of advancements in imaging techniques and basic science studies, this study proposes modifications in the existing Castellvi's classification for better clinical and biomechanical correlation of LSTV subtypes. LSTVs are commonly occurring variations of the lower spine. The current system does not include functionally important structural variations of the ...
Zöllner Frank G FG Computer Assisted Clinical Medicine, Medical Faculty Mannheim, Heidelberg University, Theodor-Kutzer-Ufer 1-3, 68167, Mannheim, Germany. - - 2013
To develop a generic Open Source MRI perfusion analysis tool for quantitative parameter mapping to be used in a clinical workflow and methods for quality management of perfusion data. We implemented a classic, pixel-by-pixel deconvolution approach to quantify T1-weighted contrast-enhanced dynamic MR imaging (DCE-MRI) perfusion data as an OsiriX plug-in. ...
Wang Rui R Department of Biostatistics, Harvard School of Public Health, 655 Huntington Avenue, SPH2, 4th Floor, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2013
In the analysis of prevention and intervention studies, it is often important to investigate whether treatment effects vary among subgroups of patients defined by individual characteristics. These "subgroup analyses" can provide information about how best to use a new prevention or intervention program. However, subgroup analyses can be misleading if ...
Guevara Carlos J - - 2013
The interdisciplinary model for the management of vascular anomalies relies essentially on effective collaboration and communication between various medical disciplines. In this paper, we discuss the various facets of an organized institutional collaborative model for managing these patients. The case for interdisciplinary collaboration, use of proper terminology, the vascular anomalies ...
Sanguinette Cristiani de Castilho Cde - - 2013
Lutzomyia longipalpis is the main species involved in the epidemiological cycle of visceral leishmaniasis in Brazil. This species shows a wide geographic distribution and belongs to a group that has 2 setae in the paramere with the curved tips towards the apex of this structure among other characteristics. Morphological characters ...
Barabási Albert-László - - 2013
Professor Barabási's talk described how the tools of network science can help understand the Web's structure, development and weaknesses. The Web is an information network, in which the nodes are documents (at the time of writing over one trillion of them), connected by links. Other well-known network structures include the ...
- - 2013
[This corrects the article on p. 536 in vol. 53, PMID: 22949997.].
- - 2013
[This corrects the article on p. 535 in vol. 17.][This corrects the article on p. 537 in vol. 17.].
Mc Laughlin D - - 2013
Animal models are of great importance for medical research. They have enabled analysis of the aetiology and pathogenesis of complex congenital malformations and have also led to major advances in the surgical and therapeutic management of these conditions. Animal models allow us to comprehend the morphological and molecular basis of ...
Zhou Xinyao - - 2013
Global Land Data Assimilation System (GLDAS) data are widely used for land-surface flux simulations. Therefore, the simulation accuracy using GLDAS dataset is largely contingent upon the accuracy of the GLDAS dataset. It is found that GLDAS land-surface model simulated runoff exhibits strong anomalies for 1996. These anomalies are investigated by ...
Gershon Andrea S - - 2013
[This corrects the article on p. e34967 in vol. 7.].
Li Yifei - - 2013
The rapid progress in fetal echocardiography has lead to early detection of congenital heart diseases. Increasing evidences have shown that prenatal diagnosis could be life saving in certain cases. However, there is no agreement on which protocol is most adaptive diagnostic one. Thus, we use meta-analysis to conduct a pooled ...
- - 2013
[This corrects the article on p. S227 in vol. 16, PMID: 23565384.][This corrects the article on p. S423 in vol. 16, PMID: 23565451.][This corrects the article on p. S389 in vol. 16, PMID: 23565440.].
Fryderyk Sławomira - - 2013
In October 2006 an individual of the Common Eider (Somateria mollissima) was examined and one female of Trinoton querquedulae was found on one of the remiges. This species of lice was recorded for the first time in Poland on the studied host. Up till now, T querquedulae has been noted ...
Zhang Jun-Fang - - 2013
The concept of L-fuzzy lattice is presented by means of an L-fuzzy partially ordered set. An L-fuzzy partially ordered set A is an L-fuzzy lattice if and only if one of A [a], A ([a]), and A ((a)) is a lattice.
Díaz Patricio A - - 2013
In 2012, there were exceptional blooms of D. acuminata in early spring in what appeared to be a mesoscale event affecting Western Iberia and the Bay of Biscay. The objective of this work was to identify common climatic patterns to explain the observed anomalies in two important aquaculture sites, the ...
Burchardt Steffi - - 2013
The Palaeogene Ardnamurchan central igneous complex, NW Scotland, was a defining place for the development of the classic concepts of cone-sheet and ring-dyke emplacement and has thus fundamentally influenced our thinking on subvolcanic structures. We have used the available structural information on Ardnamurchan to project the underlying three-dimensional (3D) cone-sheet ...
Rassam Murad A - - 2013
Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are important and necessary platforms for the future as the concept "Internet of Things" has emerged lately. They are used for monitoring, tracking, or controlling of many applications in industry, health care, habitat, and military. However, the quality of data collected by sensor nodes is affected ...
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