Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 2797
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Biswas Subhodip - - 2014
In real life, we often need to find multiple optimally sustainable solutions of an optimization problem. Evolutionary multimodal optimization algorithms can be very helpful in such cases. They detect and maintain multiple optimal solutions during the run by incorporating specialized niching operations in their actual framework. Differential evolution (DE) is ...
Seki Motohide M Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University, N10W5, Kita-ku, Sapporo, Hokkaido, 060-0810, Japan, - - 2014
According to the viewpoint of the optimal strategy theory, a tree is expected to shed its leaves when they no longer contribute to maximisation of net carbon gain. Several theoretical models have been proposed in which a tree was assumed to strategically shed an old deteriorated leaf to develop a ...
Albano Giuseppina G Dip. di Scienze Economiche e Statistiche, Università di Salerno, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
A modified Gompertz diffusion process is considered to model tumor dynamics. The infinitesimal mean of this process includes non-homogeneous terms describing the effect of therapy treatments able to modify the natural growth rate of the process. Specifically, therapies with an effect on cell growth and/or cell death are assumed to ...
Cerveri Pietro P Department of Electronics, Information and Bioengineering, Politecnico di Milano, via Ponzio 34/5, 20133 Milano, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Personalized resection guides (PRG) have been recently proposed in the domain of knee replacement, demonstrating clinical outcome similar or even superior to both manual and navigated interventions. Among the mandatory pre-surgical steps for PRG prototyping, the measurement of clinical landmarks (CL) on the bony surfaces is recognized as a key ...
Ternès Nils N aService biostatistique et épidémiologie, Gustave-Roussy, Villejuif, bUniversity Paris-Sud, Le Kremlin-Bicêtre cDépartement de médecine, Pathologie Mammaire, Gustave-Roussy, Villejuif, - - 2014
Omics technologies have become an essential part of clinical trials in oncology to provide a better understanding of molecular mechanisms and to unveil therapeutic targets. Standard statistical methods often fail in the high-dimensional setting. Therefore, an adequate modelling of the omics data is needed in order to identify 'target' genes ...
Grotzinger Andrew A Eating and Weight Disorders Program, Department of Psychiatry, Icahn School of Medicine, New York, New - - 2014
Change in binge eating is typically a primary outcome for interventions targeting individuals with eating pathology. A range of statistical models exist to handle these types of frequency distributions, but little empirical evidence exists to guide the appropriate choice of statistical model. Monte Carlo simulations were used to investigate the ...
Schaaf Roseann C RC Roseann C. Schaaf, PhD, OTR/L, FAOTA, is Professor and Chair, Department of Occupational Therapy, Jefferson School of Health Professions, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, and Faculty, Farber Institute for Neurosciences, 901 Walnut Street, Suite 605, Philadelphia, PA 19107; - - 2014
This article presents the current state of measurement in the area of sensory integration within the field of occupational therapy in three areas: (1) phenotypic characterization, (2) intervention adherence and dosage, and (3) outcome measurement. The need for additional measurement tools in all three areas is addressed. In regard to ...
Harris Daniel R - - 2014
We present a custom, Boolean query generator utilizing common-table expressions (CTEs) that is capable of scaling with big datasets. The generator maps user-defined Boolean queries, such as those interactively created in clinical-research and general-purpose healthcare tools, into SQL. We demonstrate the effectiveness of this generator by integrating our study into ...
Green Christopher - - 2014
In the field of business continuity management, organisations commit sums of money (often very large sums) to develop and maintain their continuity capability. Despite this, there is almost no measurement of whether this expense offers value for money, or whether it is targeted in the right areas. This paper will ...
Phillipson Frank - - 2014
Business continuity professionals aim to mitigate the various challenges to the continuity of their company. The goal is a coherent system of measures that encompass detection, prevention and recovery. Choices made in one part of the system affect other parts as well as the continuity risks of the company. In ...
Hua Xijin X Institute of Medical and Biological Engineering, School of Mechanical Engineering, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Edge loading can negatively impact the biomechanics and long-term performance of hip replacements. Although edge loading has been widely investigated for hard-on-hard articulations, limited work has been conducted for hard-on-soft combinations. The aim of the present study was to investigate edge loading and its effect on the contact mechanics of ...
Toussaint Emmanuel F A EF SNSB-Bavarian State Collection of Zoology, Münchhausenstraße 21, 81247 Munich, Germany. - - 2014
During the Cenozoic, Australia experienced major climatic shifts that have had dramatic ecological consequences for the modern biota. Mesic tropical ecosystems were progressively restricted to the coasts and replaced by arid-adapted floral and faunal communities. Whilst the role of aridification has been investigated in a wide range of terrestrial lineages, ...
Ramgopal Sriram S Division of Epilepsy and Clinical Neurophysiology, Department of Neurology, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA; Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, - - 2014
Nearly one-third of patients with epilepsy continue to have seizures despite optimal medication management. Systems employed to detect seizures may have the potential to improve outcomes in these patients by allowing more tailored therapies and might, additionally, have a role in accident and SUDEP prevention. Automated seizure detection and prediction ...
Yoon Ji Won JW Cyber Defense Department and Graduate School of Information Security, Korea University, South Korea. Electronic address: - - 2014
Projection reconstruction nuclear magnetic resonance (PR-NMR) is a technique for generating multidimensional NMR spectra. A small number of projections from lower-dimensional NMR spectra are used to reconstruct the multidimensional NMR spectra. In our previous work [1,2], it was shown that multidimensional NMR spectra are efficiently reconstructed using peak-by-peak based reversible ...
Zheng Liying L Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, - - 2014
This manuscript presents a new subject-specific musculoskeletal dynamic modeling approach that integrates high-accuracy dynamic stereo-radiography (DSX) joint kinematics and surface-based full-body motion data. We illustrate this approach by building a model in OpenSim for a patient who participated in a meniscus transplantation efficacy study, incorporating DSX data of the tibiofemoral ...
Bowler Meghan A MA Department of Biomedical Engineering, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN - - 2014
Calcific aortic valve disease (CAVD) affects 25% of people over 65, and the late-stage stenotic state can only be treated with total valve replacement, requiring 85,000 surgeries annually in the US alone (University of Maryland Medical Center, 2013, http://umm.edu/programs/services/heart-center-programs/cardiothoracic-surgery/valve-surgery/facts). As CAVD is an age-related disease, many of the affected patients ...
Cuenca-Bescós Gloria G Research Group Aragosaurus-IUCA, Paleontology, Earth Sciences Department, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, - - 2014
The extant Cabrera's vole, Microtus cabrerae, differs in morphology and evolutionary history from the other species of Microtus. This arvicoline has unique derived features in the cranium, mandible and dentition. Probably its most conspicuous features are its large size, the high skull in lateral view, the long and distally broad ...
Brodie Jedediah F JF Departments of Zoology & Botany, Biodiversity Research Centre, University of British Columbia, 3529-6270 University Blvd, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 1Z4, Canada. - - 2014
Habitat corridors are important tools for maintaining connectivity in increasingly fragmented landscapes, but generally they have been considered in single-species approaches. Corridors intended to facilitate the movement of multiple species could increase persistence of entire communities, but at the likely cost of being less efficient for any given species than ...
Lee Hsiang-Ming HM 1 Department of Business and Management Chien Hsin University of Science and Technology, - - 2014
Summary.-This study examined the role of enjoyment in people's decision to barter online. A survey in barter BBS/discussion forums and websites collected data from 135 participants (30 men, 105 women; 71% in the age group of 21-30 years) who barter online. To test a modification of the Expectation Confirmation Model, ...
- - 2014
[This corrects the article on p. 408 in vol. 16, PMID: 24082568.].
Karpiński Adam - - 2014
The Abraham-Carr retention time prediction model was reviewed and developed in the context of the introduction of a new stationary phase variable. The new variable consists of a binary mixture dielectric constant and a stationary phase descriptor that was derived from the Snyder-Dolan column descriptors theory. In this work, data ...
Azouni Khalid G KG BDS (JU), MSc Periodontics (JUST), DGZI GBOI, DSD, Department of Oral Maxillofacial Sciences, Alfarabi College of Dentistry and Nursing , Saudi Arabia - - 2014
Treatment of periodontal disease is a complex and multidisciplinary procedure, requiring periodontal, surgical, restorative, and orthodontic treatment modalities. Several authors attempted to formulate models for periodontal treatment that orders the treatment steps in a logical and easy to remember manner. In this article, we discuss two models of periodontal treatment ...
Koohsari Mohammad Javad MJ Behavioural Epidemiology Laboratory, Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute, Melbourne, Australia; McCaughey VicHealth Centre for Community Wellbeing, Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Built environment attributes may be important determinants of physical activity. Greater street connectivity has been shown in several studies to be associated with adults' walking for transport (WFT). We examined the extent to which this association can be explained by the availability of utilitarian destinations. Adults (n=2544) participating in the ...
Park Sohyun S NEXUS Environmental Design Center, 12 Street 4, Dongsan-ro, Seocho-gu, Seoul, 137-898, Korea, - - 2014
Although ecological connectivity conservation in urban areas has recently been recognized as an important issue, less is known about its relationship to urban form and landscape pattern. This study investigates how urban morphology influences regional ecosystem pattern and landscape connectivity. Two metropolitan landscapes, Phoenix, AZ, USA, and Izmir, Turkey, were ...
Charlier Philippe P Section of Medical and Forensic Anthropology, UFR of Health Sciences (UVSQ/AP-HP), 2 Avenue de la source de la Bièvre, 78180, Montigny le Bretonneux, France, - - 2014
Based on an analysis of 19 mummified Maori heads (mokomokai) referred to our forensic laboratory for anthropological analysis prior to their official repatriation from France to New Zealand, and data from the anthropological and medical literature, we propose a complete forensic procedure for the analysis of such pieces. A list ...
D'Angelo Heather H Department of Health Behavior, University of North Carolina (UNC), Gillings School of Global Public Health, CB 7440, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7440, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Identifying tobacco retail outlets for U.S. FDA compliance checks or calculating tobacco outlet density is difficult in the 13 States without tobacco retail licensing or where licensing lists are unavailable for research. This study uses primary data collection to identify tobacco outlets in three counties in a non-licensing state and ...
Cohen Emily B EB Migratory Bird Center, Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute, National Zoological Park Washington, District of - - 2014
Understanding the biology and conducting effective conservation of migratory species requires an understanding of migratory connectivity - the geographic linkages of populations between stages of the annual cycle. Unfortunately, for most species, we are lacking such information. The North American Bird Banding Laboratory (BBL) houses an extensive database of marking, ...
Succo G G Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Ospedale San Luigi-Martini, University of Turin, Turin, - - 2014
We present herein the proposal of the European Laryngological Society working committee on nomenclature for a systematic classification of open partial horizontal laryngectomies (OPHL). This is based on the cranio-caudal extent of laryngeal structures resected, instead of a number of different and heterogeneous variables present in existing nomenclatures, usually referring ...
Rushing Clark S - - 2014
Patterns of migratory connectivity are a vital yet poorly understood component of the ecology and evolution of migratory birds. Our ability to accurately characterize patterns of migratory connectivity is often limited by the spatial resolution of the data, but recent advances in probabilistic assignment approaches have begun pairing stable isotopes ...
Beatty Adam S - - 2014
Range restriction is a common problem in personnel selection and other contexts in applied psychology. For many years researchers have used corrections that assume range restriction was direct, even when it was known that range restriction was indirect. Hunter, Schmidt, and Le (2006) proposed a new correction for cases of ...
Turan Suslu Hikmet H Department of Neurosurgery, Dr. Lutfi Kırdar Kartal Education and Research Hospital , Istanbul , - - 2014
Background. The jugular tubercle (JT) is an important part of the craniovertebral junction. The removal of the JT in the far-lateral approach provides a significant increase in the operative space. The purpose of this morphometrical study was to define the anatomical variations of the JT. Methods. Thirty-eight dry skulls were ...
- - 2014
[This corrects the article on p. 493 in vol. 17, PMID: 23922595.].
Miller Michael I MI Center for Imaging Science and Institute for Computational Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA ; Department of Biomedical Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218, - - 2014
The Computational Anatomy project has largely been a study of large deformations within a Riemannian framework as an efficient point of view for generating metrics between anatomical configurations. This approach turns D'Arcy Thompson's comparative morphology of human biological shape and form into a metrizable space. Since the metric is constructed ...
Miller Peter - - 2014
Could I add some background information to Jennifer Trueland's 'Understanding CHARGE' article (Features January 22).
Saada Mohamad M Department of Computer Science, Loughborough University, Loughborough, - - 2014
In the last decade Dynamic Bayesian Networks (DBNs) have become one type of the most attractive probabilistic modelling framework extensions of Bayesian Networks (BNs) for working under uncertainties from a temporal perspective. Despite this popularity not many researchers have attempted to study the use of these networks in anomaly detection or ...
Wang Xiang-Wen XW Alibaba Research Center for Complexity Sciences, Hangzhou Normal University, Hangzhou, China ; Department of Physics, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America ; Department of Modern Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, - - 2014
In recent years, several path-breaking findings on human mobility patterns point out a novel issue which is of important theoretical significance and great application prospects. The empirical analysis of the data which can reflect the real-world human mobility provides the basic cognition and verification of the theoretical models and predictive ...
Ema Makoto - - 2014
Historical control data on rodent developmental toxicity studies, performed between 1994 and 2010, were obtained from 19 laboratories in Japan, including 10 pharmaceutical and chemical companies and 9 contract research organizations. Rats, mice, and hamsters were used for developmental toxicity studies. Data included maternal reproductive findings at terminal cesarean sections ...
Li Weixin - - 2014
The detection and localization of anomalous behaviors in crowded scenes is considered, and a joint detector of temporal and spatial anomalies is proposed. The proposed detector is based on a video representation that accounts for both appearance and dynamics, using a set of mixture of dynamic textures models. These models ...
Chang Yao-Jen - - 2014
We study anomaly detection in a context that considers user trajectories as input and tries to identify anomalies for users following normal routes such as taking public transportation from the workplace to home or vice versa. Trajectories are modeled as a discrete-time series of axis-parallel constraints ("boxes") in the 2-D ...
Sagar Anil Kumar AK School of Computer and Systems Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi 110067, - - 2014
Some applications of wireless sensor network require K-coverage and K-connectivity to ensure the system to be fault tolerance and to make it more reliable. Therefore, it makes coverage and connectivity an important issue in wireless sensor networks. In this paper, we proposed K-coverage and K-connectivity models for wireless sensor networks. ...
Peng Jian J 0000-0002-1853-6386 College of Information Systems and Management, National University of Defense and Technology, Changsha 410073, - - 2014
This paper presented a fault diagnosis method for key components of satellite, called Anomaly Monitoring Method (AMM), which is made up of state estimation based on Multivariate State Estimation Techniques (MSET) and anomaly detection based on Sequential Probability Ratio Test (SPRT). On the basis of analysis failure of lithium-ion batteries ...
Aydogan Dogu Baran DB Department of Electronics and Communications Engineering, Tampere University of Technology, , Tampere, - - 2014
Quantifying the connectivity of material microstructures is important for a wide range of applications from filters to biomaterials. Currently, the most used measure of connectivity is the Euler number, which is a topological invariant. Topology alone, however, is not sufficient for most practical purposes. In this study, we use our ...
Hawkinson Ellen K EK Center for Education in Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern - - 2014
Studies have shown that simulation can be a valuable tool for training pediatric surgeons to perform thoracoscopic repair of rare congenital anomalies [1-3]. The previously evaluated models were high fidelity, hybrid models that required the use of fetal bovine or porcine tissue blocks within a simulated neonate chest cavity. Real ...
- - 2014
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0078448.].
Pyayt Alexander L AL Siemens LLC, Corporate Technology, Volynskiy lane 3A, St. Petersburg, 191186, Russia. - - 2014
Detection of early warning signals for the imminent failure of large and complex engineered structures is a daunting challenge with many open research questions. In this paper we report on novel ways to perform Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) of flood protection systems (levees, earthen dikes and concrete dams) using sensor ...
Yang Yapeng Y Department of Automatic Control, College of Mechatronics and Automation, National University of Defense Technology, Deya Street 109, Changsha 410073, China. - - 2014
Gravity surveys are an important research topic in geophysics and geodynamics. This paper investigates a method for high accuracy large scale gravity anomaly data reconstruction. Based on the airborne gravimetry technology, a flight test was carried out in China with the strap-down airborne gravimeter (SGA-WZ) developed by the Laboratory of ...
Haitlinger Ryszard R Institute of Biology, Department of Systematics and Ecology of Invertebrates, Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Kożuchowska 5B, 51-631 Wrocław, Poland.; Email: - - 2014
Charletonia cameroonensis Haitlinger & Kekeunou sp. nov. is described and illustrated from larvae obtained from Zonocerus variegatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Orthoptera: Pyrgomorphidae) in Cameroon. For the first time C. justynae Haitlinger, 1987 is reported from Cameroon and from Z. variegatus and Eupezus rufipes Quedenfeldt, 1885 (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). This paper also presents ...
Kirwan Guy M GM Research Associate, Field Museum of Natural History, 1400 South Lakeshore Drive, Chicago, IL 60605, USA Setor de Ornitologia, Departamento de Vertebrados, Museu Nacional/UFRJ, Quinta da Boa Vista, s/n, 20940-040, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil; Email: - - 2014
Zimmer et al. (2001) documented two morphological and vocal forms within what was then known as Suiriri suiriri affinis, and described the short-billed form as Suiriri islerorum. However, studies of the Burmeister type material held at the Natural History Collections of the Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg, Germany, revealed the types of Suiriri ...
Mlíkovský Jiří J Department of Zoology, National Museum, Václavské náměstí 68, CZ-115 79 Praha 1, Czechia.; Email: - - 2014
The correct generic name and its authorship of southern snowfinches has been a matter of debate since the 1980s (Kašin 1982; Nejfel'dt 1986; Stepanân 1990) until Mlíkovský (1998) showed that Pyrgilauda is the correct generic name and that it should be attributed to Bonaparte (1850: 511), not to Verreaux (1871: ...
Marin Ivan I A. N. Severtzov Institute of Ecology and Evolution of RAS, Moscow, Russia.; Email: - - 2014
The complete re-description of Caucasian local endemic stygobitic atyid shrimp Troglocaris (Xiphocaridinella) jusbaschjani Birštein, 1948 is firstly presented after its original description given by Dr. Ya. A. Birštein (1948) under the name Troglocaris schmidti jusbaschjani. The species is still known exclusively from the type locality, hydrogen sulfide bathes of the ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >