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Brodie Jedediah F JF Departments of Zoology & Botany, Biodiversity Research Centre, University of British Columbia, 3529-6270 University Blvd, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 1Z4, Canada. - - 2014
Habitat corridors are important tools for maintaining connectivity in increasingly fragmented landscapes, but generally they have been considered in single-species approaches. Corridors intended to facilitate the movement of multiple species could increase persistence of entire communities, but at the likely cost of being less efficient for any given species than ...
Lee Hsiang-Ming HM 1 Department of Business and Management Chien Hsin University of Science and Technology, - - 2014
Summary.-This study examined the role of enjoyment in people's decision to barter online. A survey in barter BBS/discussion forums and websites collected data from 135 participants (30 men, 105 women; 71% in the age group of 21-30 years) who barter online. To test a modification of the Expectation Confirmation Model, ...
- - 2014
[This corrects the article on p. 408 in vol. 16, PMID: 24082568.].
Karpiński Adam - - 2014
The Abraham-Carr retention time prediction model was reviewed and developed in the context of the introduction of a new stationary phase variable. The new variable consists of a binary mixture dielectric constant and a stationary phase descriptor that was derived from the Snyder-Dolan column descriptors theory. In this work, data ...
Koohsari Mohammad Javad MJ Behavioural Epidemiology Laboratory, Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute, Melbourne, Australia; McCaughey VicHealth Centre for Community Wellbeing, Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Built environment attributes may be important determinants of physical activity. Greater street connectivity has been shown in several studies to be associated with adults' walking for transport (WFT). We examined the extent to which this association can be explained by the availability of utilitarian destinations. Adults (n=2544) participating in the ...
Park Sohyun S NEXUS Environmental Design Center, 12 Street 4, Dongsan-ro, Seocho-gu, Seoul, 137-898, Korea, - - 2014
Although ecological connectivity conservation in urban areas has recently been recognized as an important issue, less is known about its relationship to urban form and landscape pattern. This study investigates how urban morphology influences regional ecosystem pattern and landscape connectivity. Two metropolitan landscapes, Phoenix, AZ, USA, and Izmir, Turkey, were ...
Charlier Philippe P Section of Medical and Forensic Anthropology, UFR of Health Sciences (UVSQ/AP-HP), 2 Avenue de la source de la Bièvre, 78180, Montigny le Bretonneux, France, - - 2014
Based on an analysis of 19 mummified Maori heads (mokomokai) referred to our forensic laboratory for anthropological analysis prior to their official repatriation from France to New Zealand, and data from the anthropological and medical literature, we propose a complete forensic procedure for the analysis of such pieces. A list ...
D'Angelo Heather H Department of Health Behavior, University of North Carolina (UNC), Gillings School of Global Public Health, CB 7440, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7440, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Identifying tobacco retail outlets for U.S. FDA compliance checks or calculating tobacco outlet density is difficult in the 13 States without tobacco retail licensing or where licensing lists are unavailable for research. This study uses primary data collection to identify tobacco outlets in three counties in a non-licensing state and ...
Cohen Emily B EB Migratory Bird Center, Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute, National Zoological Park Washington, District of - - 2014
Understanding the biology and conducting effective conservation of migratory species requires an understanding of migratory connectivity - the geographic linkages of populations between stages of the annual cycle. Unfortunately, for most species, we are lacking such information. The North American Bird Banding Laboratory (BBL) houses an extensive database of marking, ...
Succo G G Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Ospedale San Luigi-Martini, University of Turin, Turin, - - 2014
We present herein the proposal of the European Laryngological Society working committee on nomenclature for a systematic classification of open partial horizontal laryngectomies (OPHL). This is based on the cranio-caudal extent of laryngeal structures resected, instead of a number of different and heterogeneous variables present in existing nomenclatures, usually referring ...
Rushing Clark S - - 2014
Patterns of migratory connectivity are a vital yet poorly understood component of the ecology and evolution of migratory birds. Our ability to accurately characterize patterns of migratory connectivity is often limited by the spatial resolution of the data, but recent advances in probabilistic assignment approaches have begun pairing stable isotopes ...
Beatty Adam S - - 2014
Range restriction is a common problem in personnel selection and other contexts in applied psychology. For many years researchers have used corrections that assume range restriction was direct, even when it was known that range restriction was indirect. Hunter, Schmidt, and Le (2006) proposed a new correction for cases of ...
Turan Suslu Hikmet H Department of Neurosurgery, Dr. Lutfi Kırdar Kartal Education and Research Hospital , Istanbul , - - 2014
Background. The jugular tubercle (JT) is an important part of the craniovertebral junction. The removal of the JT in the far-lateral approach provides a significant increase in the operative space. The purpose of this morphometrical study was to define the anatomical variations of the JT. Methods. Thirty-eight dry skulls were ...
- - 2014
[This corrects the article on p. 493 in vol. 17, PMID: 23922595.].
Miller Michael I MI Center for Imaging Science and Institute for Computational Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA ; Department of Biomedical Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218, - - 2014
The Computational Anatomy project has largely been a study of large deformations within a Riemannian framework as an efficient point of view for generating metrics between anatomical configurations. This approach turns D'Arcy Thompson's comparative morphology of human biological shape and form into a metrizable space. Since the metric is constructed ...
Miller Peter - - 2014
Could I add some background information to Jennifer Trueland's 'Understanding CHARGE' article (Features January 22).
Saada Mohamad M Department of Computer Science, Loughborough University, Loughborough, - - 2014
In the last decade Dynamic Bayesian Networks (DBNs) have become one type of the most attractive probabilistic modelling framework extensions of Bayesian Networks (BNs) for working under uncertainties from a temporal perspective. Despite this popularity not many researchers have attempted to study the use of these networks in anomaly detection or ...
Wang Xiang-Wen XW Alibaba Research Center for Complexity Sciences, Hangzhou Normal University, Hangzhou, China ; Department of Physics, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America ; Department of Modern Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, - - 2014
In recent years, several path-breaking findings on human mobility patterns point out a novel issue which is of important theoretical significance and great application prospects. The empirical analysis of the data which can reflect the real-world human mobility provides the basic cognition and verification of the theoretical models and predictive ...
Ema Makoto - - 2014
Historical control data on rodent developmental toxicity studies, performed between 1994 and 2010, were obtained from 19 laboratories in Japan, including 10 pharmaceutical and chemical companies and 9 contract research organizations. Rats, mice, and hamsters were used for developmental toxicity studies. Data included maternal reproductive findings at terminal cesarean sections ...
Li Weixin - - 2014
The detection and localization of anomalous behaviors in crowded scenes is considered, and a joint detector of temporal and spatial anomalies is proposed. The proposed detector is based on a video representation that accounts for both appearance and dynamics, using a set of mixture of dynamic textures models. These models ...
Chang Yao-Jen - - 2014
We study anomaly detection in a context that considers user trajectories as input and tries to identify anomalies for users following normal routes such as taking public transportation from the workplace to home or vice versa. Trajectories are modeled as a discrete-time series of axis-parallel constraints ("boxes") in the 2-D ...
Sagar Anil Kumar AK School of Computer and Systems Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi 110067, - - 2014
Some applications of wireless sensor network require K-coverage and K-connectivity to ensure the system to be fault tolerance and to make it more reliable. Therefore, it makes coverage and connectivity an important issue in wireless sensor networks. In this paper, we proposed K-coverage and K-connectivity models for wireless sensor networks. ...
Peng Jian J 0000-0002-1853-6386 College of Information Systems and Management, National University of Defense and Technology, Changsha 410073, - - 2014
This paper presented a fault diagnosis method for key components of satellite, called Anomaly Monitoring Method (AMM), which is made up of state estimation based on Multivariate State Estimation Techniques (MSET) and anomaly detection based on Sequential Probability Ratio Test (SPRT). On the basis of analysis failure of lithium-ion batteries ...
Aydogan Dogu Baran DB Department of Electronics and Communications Engineering, Tampere University of Technology, , Tampere, - - 2014
Quantifying the connectivity of material microstructures is important for a wide range of applications from filters to biomaterials. Currently, the most used measure of connectivity is the Euler number, which is a topological invariant. Topology alone, however, is not sufficient for most practical purposes. In this study, we use our ...
Hawkinson Ellen K EK Center for Education in Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern - - 2014
Studies have shown that simulation can be a valuable tool for training pediatric surgeons to perform thoracoscopic repair of rare congenital anomalies [1-3]. The previously evaluated models were high fidelity, hybrid models that required the use of fetal bovine or porcine tissue blocks within a simulated neonate chest cavity. Real ...
- - 2014
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0078448.].
Pyayt Alexander L AL Siemens LLC, Corporate Technology, Volynskiy lane 3A, St. Petersburg, 191186, Russia. - - 2014
Detection of early warning signals for the imminent failure of large and complex engineered structures is a daunting challenge with many open research questions. In this paper we report on novel ways to perform Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) of flood protection systems (levees, earthen dikes and concrete dams) using sensor ...
Yang Yapeng Y Department of Automatic Control, College of Mechatronics and Automation, National University of Defense Technology, Deya Street 109, Changsha 410073, China. - - 2014
Gravity surveys are an important research topic in geophysics and geodynamics. This paper investigates a method for high accuracy large scale gravity anomaly data reconstruction. Based on the airborne gravimetry technology, a flight test was carried out in China with the strap-down airborne gravimeter (SGA-WZ) developed by the Laboratory of ...
Haitlinger Ryszard R Institute of Biology, Department of Systematics and Ecology of Invertebrates, Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Kożuchowska 5B, 51-631 Wrocław, Poland.; Email: - - 2014
Charletonia cameroonensis Haitlinger & Kekeunou sp. nov. is described and illustrated from larvae obtained from Zonocerus variegatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Orthoptera: Pyrgomorphidae) in Cameroon. For the first time C. justynae Haitlinger, 1987 is reported from Cameroon and from Z. variegatus and Eupezus rufipes Quedenfeldt, 1885 (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). This paper also presents ...
Kirwan Guy M GM Research Associate, Field Museum of Natural History, 1400 South Lakeshore Drive, Chicago, IL 60605, USA Setor de Ornitologia, Departamento de Vertebrados, Museu Nacional/UFRJ, Quinta da Boa Vista, s/n, 20940-040, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil; Email: - - 2014
Zimmer et al. (2001) documented two morphological and vocal forms within what was then known as Suiriri suiriri affinis, and described the short-billed form as Suiriri islerorum. However, studies of the Burmeister type material held at the Natural History Collections of the Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg, Germany, revealed the types of Suiriri ...
Mlíkovský Jiří J Department of Zoology, National Museum, Václavské náměstí 68, CZ-115 79 Praha 1, Czechia.; Email: - - 2014
The correct generic name and its authorship of southern snowfinches has been a matter of debate since the 1980s (Kašin 1982; Nejfel'dt 1986; Stepanân 1990) until Mlíkovský (1998) showed that Pyrgilauda is the correct generic name and that it should be attributed to Bonaparte (1850: 511), not to Verreaux (1871: ...
Marin Ivan I A. N. Severtzov Institute of Ecology and Evolution of RAS, Moscow, Russia.; Email: - - 2014
The complete re-description of Caucasian local endemic stygobitic atyid shrimp Troglocaris (Xiphocaridinella) jusbaschjani Birštein, 1948 is firstly presented after its original description given by Dr. Ya. A. Birštein (1948) under the name Troglocaris schmidti jusbaschjani. The species is still known exclusively from the type locality, hydrogen sulfide bathes of the ...
Boonsoong Boonsatien B Animal Systematics and Ecology Speciality Research Unit (ASESRU), Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand 10900; Email: - - 2014
The final instar larva of Heliogomphus selysi Fraser, 1925, is described and illustrated for the first time based on specimens collected in Ratchaburi province, Thailand. Antennae, legs and paraprocts are similar morphologically to H. kelantanensis and H. scorpio but with a unique combination of dorsal hooks and lateral spines.
Chung-Davidson Yu-Wen YW Department of Fisheries & Wildlife, Michigan State University; - - 2014
Biliary atresia is a rare disease of infancy, with an estimated 1 in 15,000 frequency in the southeast United States, but more common in East Asian countries, with a reported frequency of 1 in 5,000 in Taiwan. Although much is known about the management of biliary atresia, its pathogenesis is ...
Ghafoor Huma H 0000-0002-4640-4233 The School of Electrical Engineering, University of Ulsan, San 29, Muger 2-dong, Ulsan 680-749, Republic of - - 2014
A novel position-based routing protocol anchor-based connectivity-aware routing (ACAR) for vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs) is proposed in this paper to ensure connectivity of routes with more successfully delivered packets. Both buses and cars are considered as vehicular nodes running in both clockwise and anticlockwise directions in a city scenario. ...
Gil-Santana Hélcio R HR Laboratório de Diptera, and Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biodiversidade e Saúde, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.; Email: - - 2014
Pothea berengeri sp. nov. from Brazil is described based on male and female specimens. Based on intraspecific variation of Parapothea jaguaris and morphological similarities with the species of Pothea studied, the monotypic genus Parapothea Carpintero is reinstated as a junior synonym of Pothea Amyot & Serville with the subsequent combination ...
- - 2014
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0084475.].
Chen Esther Kai-Chieh EK School of Public Health, EHESP, Sorbonne-Paris-Cité, Rennes, Cedex 35043, France. - - 2014
Congenital anomalies are the main causes of preterm and neonatal mortality and morbidity. We investigated the association between congenital anomalies and mothers' exposure to air pollution during pregnancy by combining risk estimates for a variety of air pollutants (SO2, NO2, PM10, PM2.5, CO and O3) and anomaly defect outcomes. Seventeen ...
- - 2014
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0095227.].
Dos Reis Julio Cesar JC Public Research Centre Henri Tudor, - - 2014
Biomedical ontologies continuously evolve which demands maintain associated mappings up-to-date. This article studies whether similarity calculated between values of concept attributes issued from successive ontology versions plays a role in deciding mapping adaptation actions. We empirically analyse the evolution of official mappings established between large biomedical ontologies. The results point ...
Aslanyan Grigor G Department of Physics, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New - - 2013
Most treatments of large scale anomalies in the microwave sky are a posteriori, with unquantified look-elsewhere effects. We contrast these with physical models of specific inhomogeneities in the early Universe which can generate these apparent anomalies. Physical models predict correlations between candidate anomalies and the corresponding signals in polarization and large ...
Grant Andrew D M AD Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada; Heart and Vascular Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, - - 2013
Multiparametric scoring of valvular regurgitation may compromise interobserver agreement, as readers weight parameters differently. The aims of this study were to quantify interobserver variability in the grading of chronic tricuspid regurgitation (TR), develop an algorithm for grading TR, and assess the effect of this algorithm on concordance and accuracy. On ...
Unterweger M P - - 2013
As reported at the ICRM 2011, it was discovered that the source holder used for calibrations in the NIST 4πγ ionization chamber (IC) was not stable. This has affected a large number of half-life measurement results previously reported and used in compilations of nuclear data. Corrections have been made on ...
Kittler Josef - - 2013
We address the problem of anomaly detection in machine perception. The concept of domain anomaly is introduced as distinct from the conventional notion of anomaly used in the literature. We propose a unified framework for anomaly detection which exposes the multifaceted nature of anomalies and suggest effective mechanisms for identifying ...
Jie Biao - - 2013
Rapid advances in neuroimaging techniques have provided an efficient and non-invasive way for exploring the structural and functional connectivity of the human brain. Quantitative measurement of abnormality of brain connectivity in patients with neurodegenerative diseases, such as mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD), have also been widely reported, ...
Desai Ankur R - - 2013
Significant advances have been made over the past decades in capabilities to simulate diurnal and seasonal variation of leaf-level and canopy-scale photosynthesis in temperate and boreal forests. However, long-term prediction of future forest productivity in a changing climate may be more dependent on how climate and biological anomalies influence extremes ...
Jie Biao - - 2013
Recently, brain connectivity networks have been used for classification of Alzheimer's disease and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) from normal controls (NC). In typical connectivity-networks-based classification approaches, local measures of connectivity networks are first extracted from each region-of-interest as network features, which are then concatenated into a vector for subsequent feature ...
McKay S Kyle - - 2013
Hydrologic connectivity is critical to the structure, function, and dynamic process of river ecosystems. Dams, road crossings, and water diversions impact connectivity by altering flow regimes, behavioral cues, local geomorphology, and nutrient cycling. This longitudinal fragmentation of river ecosystems also increases genetic and reproductive isolation of aquatic biota such as ...
Zoulfaghari Hossein - - 2013
Traditionally, in the redundancy allocation problem (RAP), two general classes of optimization problems are considered; reliability optimization and availability optimization. Contrary to reliability optimization, fewer researchers have studied availability optimization to find out the optimal combination of components type and redundancy levels for each subsystem in a system for maximizing ...
Gopalan Prem K - - 2013
Detecting overlapping communities is essential to analyzing and exploring natural networks such as social networks, biological networks, and citation networks. However, most existing approaches do not scale to the size of networks that we regularly observe in the real world. In this paper, we develop a scalable approach to community ...
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