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Results 301 - 350 of 2924
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Olaguer Eduardo P - - 2012
Large petrochemicalflares, common in the Houston Ship Channel (the Ship Channel) and other industrialized areas in the Gulfof Mexico region, emit hundreds to thousands of pounds per hour of highly reactive volatile organic compounds (HRVOCs). We employedfine horizontal resolution (200 mx200 m) in a three-dimensional (3D) Eulerian chemical transport model ...
Su G - - 2012
This study investigated genomic prediction using medium-density (∼54,000; 54K) and high-density marker panels (∼777,000; 777K), based on data from Nordic Holstein and Red Dairy Cattle (RDC). The Holstein data comprised 4,539 progeny-tested bulls, and the RDC data 4,403 progeny-tested bulls. The data were divided into reference data and test data ...
Gutiérrez-Martínez Josefina - - 2012
Increasing radiology studies has led to the emergence of new requirements for management medical information, mainly affecting the storage of digital images. Today, it is a necessary interaction between workflow management and legal rules that govern it, to allow an efficient control of medical technology and associated costs. Another important ...
Belbruno Edward - - 2012
We examined a low-energy mechanism for the transfer of meteoroids between two planetary systems embedded in a star cluster using quasi-parabolic orbits of minimal energy. Using Monte Carlo simulations, we found that the exchange of meteoroids could have been significantly more efficient than previously estimated. Our study is relevant to ...
Peletier Lambertus A - - 2012
In this paper we present a mathematical analysis of the basic model for target mediated drug disposition (TMDD). Assuming high affinity of ligand to target, we give a qualitative characterisation of ligand versus time graphs for different dosing regimes and derive accurate analytic approximations of different phases in the temporal ...
Kshetrimayum Roshan - - 2012
The analysis and modeling of SAW resonator devices based on the coupling-of-modes (COM) theory are described, integrating the effect of polymer coating so that the sensor effects can be accounted for in the device transfer function. Based on the perturbation method, the effects of film coating are included in determining ...
Logist Filip - - 2012
The optimal design and operation of dynamic bioprocesses gives in practice often rise to optimisation problems with multiple and conflicting objectives. As a result typically not a single optimal solution but a set of Pareto optimal solutions exist. From this set of Pareto optimal solutions, one has to be chosen ...
Miras Héctor - - 2012
PURPOSE: To simulate the Bebig model I125.S16 source and obtain AAPM Task Group Report 43 brachytherapy dosimetry parameters for comparison to consensus and previously published values. The seed model will then be incorporated into a Monte Carlo model of COMS eye plaques and simulation results will be used for seed-carrier ...
Lazar Cosmin - - 2012
Genomic data integration is a key goal to be achieved towards large-scale genomic data analysis. This process is very challenging due to the diverse sources of information resulting from genomics experiments. In this work, we review methods designed to combine genomic data recorded from microarray gene expression (MAGE) experiments. It ...
Browning N Andrew - - 2012
Time-to-contact (TTC) estimation is beneficial for visual navigation. It can be estimated from an image projection, either in a camera or on the retina, by looking at the rate of expansion of an object. When expansion rate (E) is properly defined, TTC = 1/E. Primate dorsal MST cells have receptive ...
Srivastava Amit - - 2012
We present a tensorial elastic network model (TNM) to describe the equilibrium fluctuations of proteins near their native fold structure. The model combines the anisotropic network model (ANM), bond bending elasticity, and backbone twist elasticity, and can predict both the isotropic fluctuations, similar to the Gaussian network model (GNM), and ...
Rampersad S - - 2012
In modeling the effect of transcranial direct current stimulation, the representation of the skull is an important factor. In a spherical model, we compared a realistic skull modeling approach, in which the skull consisted of three isotropic layers, to anisotropic and isotropic single-layer approximations. We simulated DC stimulation for a ...
Gomez-Piriz Pedro Tomas - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to determine the inter-machine reliability attained from devices used to measure the common variables in sports performance. Repeatability conditions were established by creating a similar set of conditions under which the measurements were taken from both devices. OBJECTIVES:: To demonstrate the reliability between two ...
Dyrlund Thomas F - - 2012
Data processing and analysis of proteomics data are challenging and time consuming. In this paper, we present MS Data Miner (MDM) (http://sourceforge.net/p/msdataminer), a freely available web-based software solution aimed at minimizing the time required for the analysis, validation, data comparison, and presentation of data files generated in MS software, including ...
Qing Xiao-Yu - - 2012
C5aR antagonists have been thought as potential immune mediators in various inflammatory and autoimmune diseases, and discovery of C5aR antagonists has attracted much attention in recent years. The discovery of C5aR antagonists was usually achieved through high-throughput screening, which usually suffered a high cost and a low success rate. Currently, ...
Sifakakis Iosif - - 2012
SUMMARY The aim of this study was to assess the effect of the moments generated with low- and high-torque brackets. Four different bracket prescription-slot combinations of the same bracket type (Mini Diamond® Twin) were evaluated: high-torque 0.018 and 0.022 inch and low-torque 0.018 and 0.022 inch. These brackets were bonded ...
Acevedo David - - 2012
Three different approaches have been evaluated for monitoring ribbon density through real-time near-infrared spectroscopy measurements. The roll compactor was operated to produce microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) ribbons of varying densities. The first approach used the slope of the spectra which showed a variation through the ribbon that could be attributed to ...
Onono Joshua Orungo - - 2012
Cattle are kept as an important source of livelihood in many Kenyan farming households whilst also having cultural and social value. A review was undertaken to estimate productivity in the three main Kenyan cattle production systems: small-scale dairy and meat; small-scale dairy; and large-scale dairy and meat. Data on production ...
Dong Yanhui - - 2012
Stochastic modeling is a rapidly evolving, popular approach to the study of the uncertainty and heterogeneity of groundwater systems. However, the use of Monte Carlo-type simulations to solve practical groundwater problems often encounters computational bottlenecks that hinder the acquisition of meaningful results. To improve the computational efficiency, a system that ...
Lu Yonggang - - 2012
To extend the intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) model to restricted diffusion and to simultaneously quantify the perfusion and restricted diffusion parameters in neck nodal metastases. The non-gaussian (NG)-IVIM model was developed and tested on diffusion-weighted MRI data collected on a 1.5-Tesla MRI scanner from eight patients ...
Maeda Kazuhiro - - 2012
Computer simulation is an important technique to capture the dynamics of biochemical networks. Since few quantitative values are measured in vivo, the values for unmeasured parameters should be estimated so that the simulation agrees with the experimental data. Considering the sparsity and error rates of experimentally measured data, the first ...
Wu Sheng - - 2012
Multiple time scales in cellular chemical reaction systems present a challenge for the efficiency of stochastic simulation. Numerous model reductions have been proposed to accelerate the simulation of chemically reacting systems by exploiting time scale separation. However, these are often identified and deployed manually, requiring expert knowledge. This is time-consuming, ...
Chamon Claudio - - 2012
We propose a form of parallel computing on classical computers that is based on matrix product states. The virtual parallelization is accomplished by representing bits with matrices and by evolving these matrices from an initial product state that encodes multiple inputs. Matrix evolution follows from the sequential application of gates, ...
Wang Huimin - - 2012
This paper studies the problem of state feedback controller design for a class of nonlinear systems, which are described by continuous-time affine fuzzy models. A convex piecewise affine controller design method is proposed based on a new dilated linear matrix inequality (LMI) characterization, where the system matrix is separated from ...
Zawadzka-Kazimierczuk Anna - - 2012
While NMR studies of proteins typically aim at structure, dynamics or interactions, resonance assignments represent in almost all cases the initial step of the analysis. With increasing complexity of the NMR spectra, for example due to decreasing extent of ordered structure, this task often becomes both difficult and time-consuming, and ...
Fuschillo Valeria Lucia - - 2012
This paper proposes a 2D functional evaluation tool for estimating subject-specific body segment parameters, which uses a simple motor task (repeated sit-to-stand, rSTS), recorded with one single-axis accelerometer (SAA) per segment and a force plate (FP). After this preliminary estimation, the accelerometer alone is used to make quasi-real-time predictions of ...
Heinonen Markus - - 2012
MOTIVATION: Metabolite identification from tandem mass spectra is an important problem in metabolomics, underpinning subsequent metabolic modelling and network analysis. Yet, currently this task requires matching the observed spectrum against a database of reference spectra originating from similar equipment and closely matching operating parameters, a condition that is rarely satisfied ...
Farrell Damien - - 2012
Raw data from experiments across the biological sciences comes in a large variety of text formats. In small or medium sized laboratories researchers often use an assorted collection of software to interpret, fit, and visualize their data. The spreadsheet is commonly the core component of such a workflow. The limitations ...
Meade Patrick - - 2012
New physics that exhibits irregular tracks such as kinks, intermittent hits, or decay in flight may easily be missed at hadron colliders. We demonstrate this by studying viable models of light, O(10  GeV), colored particles that decay predominantly inside the tracker. Such particles can be produced at staggering rates, and yet, ...
Koepsel Justin T JT Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Wisconsin, 1550 Engineering Drive, Engineering Centers Building, Madison, WI 53706, - - 2012
Self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of alkanethiolates on gold can be used to carefully probe immobilized biomolecule interactions with cell-surface receptors. However, due to a lack of experimental throughput associated with labor-intensive production, specialized fabrication apparatus, and other practical challenges, alkanethiolate SAMs have not had widespread use by biological researchers. In this ...
Huang C Q - - 2012
In framework of traditional PID controllers, there are only three parameters available to tune, as a result, performance of the resulting system is always limited. As for Cartesian regulation of robot manipulators with uncertain Jacobian matrix, a scheme of PID controllers with error-dependent integral action is proposed. Compare with traditional ...
Karadimitriou N K - - 2012
In the last few decades, micro-models have become popular experimental tools for two-phase flow studies. In this work, the design and fabrication of an innovative, elongated, glass-etched micro-model with dimensions of 5 × 35 mm(2) and constant depth of 43 microns is described. This is the first time that a ...
Peltokangas M - - 2012
A system for unobtrusive night-time EKG and HRV monitoring as well as data analysis methods are presented, comparing bed sheet HR and HRV values with corresponding parameters obtained by a reference measurement. Our system uses 8 embroidered textile electrodes attached laterally to a bed sheet for measuring bipolar contact EKG ...
KupĨe Eriks - - 2012
We introduce the use of multiple receivers applied in parallel for simultaneously recording multi-dimensional data sets of proteins in a single experiment. The utility of the approach is established through the introduction of the 2D (15)N,(1)H(N)||(13)CO HSQC experiment in which a pair of two-dimensional (15)N,(1)H(N) and (15)N,(13)CO spectra are recorded. ...
Cabrera Sergio - - 2012
We report on the surface UV index (UVI) variations in Santiago (Chile) a city with high air pollution and complex surrounding topography. Ground-based UV measurements were continuously carried out between January 1995 and December 2011, by using a multi-channel filter radiometer (PUV-510). Ground-based measurements and satellite-derived data retrieved from the ...
Delong John P - - 2012
Recent work indicates that the interaction between body-size-dependent demographic processes can generate macroecological patterns such as the scaling of population density with body size. In this study, we evaluate this possibility for grazing protists and also test whether demographic parameters in these models are correlated after controlling for body size. ...
Lee Moonkwon - - 2012
Here we report the development of a programmable and fully automatic gold array-embedded gradient microfluidic chip that integrates a gradient microfluidic device with gold-patterned microarray wells. This device provides a convenient and reproducible surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS)-based immunoassay platform for cancer biomarkers. We used hollow gold nanospheres (HGNs) as SERS ...
Schmidt Elena - - 2012
The new FLYA automated resonance assignment algorithm determines NMR chemical shift assignments on the basis of peak lists from any combination of multidimensional through-bond or through-space NMR experiments for proteins. Back-bone and side chain assignments can be determined. All experimental data is used simultaneously, thereby exploiting optimally the redundancy present ...
Bondarenko Alexander S - - 2012
An approach for the analysis of large experimental datasets in electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) has been developed. The approach uses the idea of successive Bayesian estimation and splits the multidimensional EIS datasets into parts with reduced dimensionality. Afterwards, estimation of the parameters of the EIS-models is performed successively, from one ...
Gollee Henrik - - 2012
System identification techniques applied to experimental human-in-the-loop data provide an objective test of three alternative control-theoretical models of the human control system: non-predictive control, predictive control, and intermittent predictive control. A two-stage approach to the identification of a single-input single-output control system is used: first, the closed-loop frequency response is ...
Gibb Sebastian - - 2012
MALDIquant is an R package providing a complete and modular analysis pipeline for quantitative analysis of mass spectrometry data. MALDIquant is specifically designed with application in clinical diagnostics in mind and implements sophisticated routines for importing raw data, preprocessing, non-linear peak alignment and calibration. It also handles technical replicates as ...
Tuffley Christopher - - 2012
At macroevolutionary time scales, and for a constant mutation rate, there is an expected linear relationship between time and the number of inferred neutral mutations (the "molecular clock"). However, at shorter time scales a number of recent studies have observed an apparent acceleration in the rate of molecular evolution.We study ...
Lamborn Julia - - 2012
Landfill operators are looking for more accurate models to predict waste degradation and landfill gas production. The simple microbial growth and decay models, whilst being easy to use, have been shown to be inaccurate. Many of the newer and more complex (component) models are highly parameter hungry and many of ...
Woodward Keith - - 2012
ObjectiveAngioSuite was developed to allow the easy and accurate calculation of cerebral aneurysm volumes and packing densities. The present study was undertaken to validate its accuracy.MethodsMathematical models and software were created to facilitate more complex aneurysm volume calculations than previously described three-dimensional geometric models. 20 phantom aneurysm clay models were ...
Russin Jonathan J - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Microsurgical vascular anastomosis techniques are technically challenging and employed in only a narrow spectrum of neurosurgical procedures. Opportunities for instruction and application have become increasingly rare during standard neurosurgery residencies. OBJECTIVE:: To create a neurovascular simulation model that more closely approximates the clinical environment. This paper describes a novel ...
Vigiak O - - 2012
Phosphorus pollution severely impairs the water quality of rivers in Australia and worldwide. Conceptual models have proved useful to assess management impact on phosphorus loads, particularly in data-sparse environments. This paper develops and evaluates the coupling of a point-scale model (HowLeaky2008) to a catchment scale model (CatchMODS) to enhance modelling ...
Walker Susanna T - - 2012
Inadequately designed equipment has been implicated in poor efficiency and critical incidents associated with resuscitation. A novel resuscitation trolley (Resus:Station) was designed and evaluated for impact on team efficiency, user opinion, and teamwork, compared with the standard trolley, in simulated cardiac arrest scenarios. Fifteen experienced cardiac arrest teams were recruited ...
Xu J - - 2012
large scale activity monitoring is a core component of systems aiming to improve our ability to manage fitness, deliver care and diagnose conditions. While much research has been devoted to the accurate classification of motion, the challenges arising from scaling to large communities has received little attention. This paper introduces ...
Linderman Michael D - - 2012
Recent advances in flow cytometry enable simultaneous single-cell measurement of 30+ surface and intracellular proteins. CytoSPADE is a high-performance implementation of an interface for the Spanning-tree Progression Analysis of Density-normalized Events algorithm for tree-based analysis and visualization of this high-dimensional cytometry data. Source code and binaries are freely available at ...
Suontama M - - 2012
Heritability and repeatability, and genetic and phenotypic correlations were estimated for trotting race records with linear and generalized linear models using 510,519 records on 17,792 Finnhorses and 513,161 records on 25,536 Standardbred trotters. Heritability and repeatability were estimated for single racing time and earnings traits with linear models, and logarithmic ...
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