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Bonebrake Timothy C TC Department of Earth Sciences, School of Biological Sciences, University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong SAR, Hong Kong - - 2014
Difficulty in characterizing the relationship between climatic variability and climate change vulnerability arises when we consider the multiple scales at which this variation occurs, be it temporal (from minute to annual) or spatial (from centimetres to kilometres). We studied populations of a single widely distributed butterfly species, Chlosyne lacinia, to ...
Petraglia Anthony L AL *Department of Neurosurgery, Rochester Regional Health System, Rochester, New York; ‡Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York; §Department of Neurosurgery, The Center for Neuroscience, West Virginia University School of Medicine, Morgantown, West Virginia; and ¶Department of Neurosurgery, NorthShore University Health System, Evanston, Illinois and Department of Neurosurgery, University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine, Chicago, - - 2014
: Mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) has become a rising epidemic, affecting millions of people each year. Even though it is the most common type of brain injury, our understanding of the science underlying mild TBI is just in its infancy. There has been an explosion of basic science research ...
Lee Seunghoon S Department of Rehabilitation Science, Graduate School of Inje - - 2014
Rodent models of focal cerebral ischemia that do not require craniotomy have been developed by intraluminal suture middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAo). Mouse MCAo models have been widely used and extended to genetic studies of cell death or recovery mechanisms. Therefore, we compared surgery-related parameters and techniques between such rats ...
Silverberg Noah N UBC, Medicine , 4255 Laurel St , Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, V5Z 4R2 ; - - 2014
Prognostic models can guide clinical management and increase statistical power in clinical trials. The availability and adequacy of prognostic models for mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) is uncertain. The present study aimed to (i) identify and evaluate multivariable prognostic models for MTBI, and (ii) determine which pre-, peri-, and early ...
Sehba Fatima A FA Departments of Neurosurgery and Neurosciences, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, 1 Gustave L. Levy Place, New York, NY, 10029, USA, - - 2014
Experimental animal models of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) have provided a wealth of information on the mechanisms of brain injury. The rat endovascular perforation (EVP) model replicates the early pathophysiology of SAH and hence is frequently used to study early brain injury following SAH. This paper presents a brief review ...
Mazzuca Claudia - - 2014
The removal of old glue from paper artworks is of paramount importance for the preservation of its integrity during the restoration process. Wet cleaning is one of the traditional methods, although, it may cause damages on artworks. In this work, an advantageous alternative method, based on the use of a ...
Hitchens Peta L PL Menzies Research Institute Tasmania, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, California, - - 2014
The profession of a horse-racing jockey is a dangerous one. We developed a decision tree model quantifying the effects of implementing different safety strategies on jockey fall and injury rates and their associated costs. Data on race-day falls were obtained from stewards' reports from August 2002 to July 2009. Insurance ...
Manin Alex N AN G.A. Krestov Institute of Solution Chemistry of the Russian academy of Sciences, 1, Academicheskaya, 153045, - - 2014
The main problem occurring at the early stages of cocrystal search is the choice of an effective screening technique. Among the most popular techniques of obtaining cocrystals are crystallization from solution, crystallization from melt and solvent-drop grinding. This paper represents a comparative analysis of the following screening techniques: DSC cocrystal ...
Yamazaki Junya J 1Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center, Oslo, Norway; 2Section of Orthopedic Surgery, School of Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University Hospital, Tokyo, Japan; 3Department of Physical Performance, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway; 4Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm Sweden; 5Australian Centre for Research into Injury in Sport and its Prevention (ACRISP), Federation University Australia, Ballarat, Australia; 6Dept. of Sport Science, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria; 7Department of Sport and Exercise Science, University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria; 8Aspetar Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, Doha, - - 2014
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the leading cause of death in alpine skiing. It has been found that helmet use can reduce the incidence of head injuries between 15% and 60%. However, knowledge on optimal helmet performance criteria in World Cup alpine skiing is currently limited due to lack of ...
Seifi Hooman H Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Kashan, Kashan, - - 2014
Multivariate resolution technique is a set of mathematical tools that uncovers the underlying profiles from a set of measurements of time evolving chemical systems. This technique was proposed for resolving the overlapping GC-MS peaks into pure chromatogram and mass spectra. In this paper, several common resolution chemometric techniques in GC-MS ...
Chen Hsin H Department of Marine Environment and Engineering, National Sun Yat-sen University, 70Lienhai Rd., Kaohsiung 80424, Taiwan, R.O.C. Electronic address: - - 2014
The wetland system possesses diverse functions such as preserving water sources, mediating flooding, providing habitats for wildlife and stabilizing coastlines. Nonetheless, rapid economic growth and the increasing population have significantly deteriorated the wetland environment. To secure the sustainability of the wetland, it is essential to introduce integrated and systematic management. ...
Ross James D JD From the 59th Medical Wing (J.D.R., E.M.S., L.-A.Z.), Science and Technology Office, Trauma and Clinical Care Research Directorate, Wilford Hall Ambulatory Surgical Center, Joint Base San Antonio-Lackland, San Antonio, Texas; Walter Reed National Military Medical Center at Bethesda (C.J.B.), Bethesda, Maryland; and Academic Department Military Surgery and Trauma (J.J.M.), Royal Centre for Defence Medicine, Birmingham; and Academic Unit of Surgery (J.J.M.), Glasgow Royal Infirmary, Glasgow, United - - 2014
Hemorrhage persists as the leading cause of potentially preventable civilian and military death. Noncompressible torso hemorrhage (NCTH) is a particularly lethal injury complex, with few contemporary prehospital interventions available. Various porcine models of hemorrhage have been developed for civilian and military trauma research. However, the predominant contemporary models lack key ...
Savoie J - - 2014
This study examined satisfaction and understanding of neuropsychological assessment findings when receiving videoconference (VC) or in-person (IP) based feedback. This study also considered how different statistical methods can be used to maximize the usefulness and dissemination of the results. An 18-item feedback satisfaction questionnaire was generated from previous studies and ...
Doig Emmah E Emmah Doig, PhD, BOccThy Hons, is NHMRC Post Doctoral Research Fellow, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Queensland, St. Lucia Campus, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia 4067; - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. We examined participation in goal planning and development of self-awareness for people with impaired self-awareness after traumatic brain injury. METHOD. We performed a mixed-methods study of 8 participants recently discharged from inpatient rehabilitation. Self-awareness was measured using discrepancy between self and significant other ratings on the Mayo-Portland Adaptability Index ...
Somers Jeffrey T JT Wyle Science, Technology and Engineering Group, and the Crew and Thermal Systems Division, NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX, - - 2014
Somers JT, Gohmert DM, Brinkley JW. Spacecraft occupant protection requirements: a review of the recent changes. Aviat Space Environ Med 2014; 85:940-8. NASA has recently updated spacecraft design requirements for protecting crewmembers during dynamic spaceflight phases. The details of the update are available in a NASA publication (NASA TM-2013-217380) and ...
Candappa Nimmi N Monash University Accident Research Centre, Monash Injury Research Institute, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Fatal and serious injury crashes persist at intersections despite current efforts to address this. Little research specifically investigates the role played by existing intersection design in perpetuating serious intersection crash outcomes despite an increasing move to incorporate Safe System design on to roads. This paper identifies design principles deemed important ...
Piacente Giovanni G Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche e Chimiche Universita' di l'Aquila, Via Vetoio s.n.c. 87100 l'Aquila, Italy. - - 2014
In this study we propose a theoretical-computational method, essentially based on molecular dynamics simulations and quantum-chemical calculations, for modelling the photo-induced charge separation (CS) and the subsequent charge recombination (CR) processes in solution. In particular we have reproduced the low-energy UV-Vis spectra of systems composed by an aromatic species (Ar ...
Jing Min - - 2014
Despite the emerging applications of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), very few investigations have been reported related to temporal changes in quantitative diffusion patterns, which may help to assess recovery from head injury and the long term impact associated with cognitive and behavioural impairments caused ...
Wille Christa C Department of Orthopedics and Rehabilitation, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, - - 2014
Study Design Controlled laboratory study, cross sectional design. Objective To determine if sagittal kinematic variables can be used to estimate select running kinetics. Background Excessive loading during running has been implicated in a variety of injuries, yet this information is typically not assessed during a standard clinical examination. Developing a ...
Mitchener W Garrett WG College of - - 2014
Abstract I describe the Utrecht machine (UM), a discrete artificial regulatory network designed for studying how evolution discovers biochemical computation mechanisms. The corresponding binary genome format is compatible with gene deletion, duplication, and recombination. In the simulation presented here, an agent consisting of two UMs, a sender and a receiver, ...
Matsumoto Masakazu - - 2014
We propose a spin model compatible with ice VII-plastic ice phase transitions and critical phenomena discovered recently by computer simulations. The Blume-Capel spin-1 Ising model is extended in order to describe the entropic stabilization effect in the plastic ice phase. The model shares the same set of tricritical exponents with ...
Riedl Dennis D a Institute of Sport and Exercise Sciences , University of Münster , Münster , - - 2014
Abstract The role of referees has become a central issue in the investigation of home advantage. The main aim of this study was a thorough examination of the referee bias concerning injury time in football, which is currently seen as an important example for the assertion that referees contribute to ...
Burrows Wesley W National Centre for Groundwater Research and Training, Adelaide, SA, 5001, - - 2014
The use of detailed groundwater models to simulate complex environmental processes can be hampered by (1) long run-times and (2) a penchant for solution convergence problems. Collectively, these can undermine the ability of a modeler to reduce and quantify predictive uncertainty, and therefore limit the use of such detailed models ...
Huš Matej M University of Ljubljana, Department of Chemistry and Chemical Technology, Chair of Physical Chemistry, Aškerčeva 5, SI-1000 Ljubljana, - - 2014
A simple and computationally inexpensive core-softened model, originally proposed by Franzese [G. Franzese, J. Mol. Liq. 136, 267 (2007)], was adopted to show that it exhibits properties of waterlike fluid and hydrophobic effect. The potential used between particles is spherically symmetric with two characteristic lengths. Thermodynamics of nonpolar solvation were ...
Laparra Valero V Image Processing Laboratory (IPL), Universitat de València, 46980 Paterna, València, - - 2014
This paper presents a new framework for manifold learning based on a sequence of principal polynomials that capture the possibly nonlinear nature of the data. The proposed Principal Polynomial Analysis (PPA) generalizes PCA by modeling the directions of maximal variance by means of curves, instead of straight lines. Contrarily to ...
Bovenkerk Bernice B Philosophy Group (CPT), Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands, - - 2014
Animal modelsAnimal models are used in experiments in the behavioural neurosciences that aim to contribute to the prevention and treatment of cognitive and affective disorders in human beings, such as anxiety and depression. Ironically, those animals that are likely to be the best models for psychopathology are also likely to ...
Lewis Sandra Zelman - - 2014
American College of Chest Physicians' (CHEST) new Living Guidelines Model will not only provide clinicians with guidance based on the most clinically relevant and current science but will also allow expert-informed guidance to fill in any gaps in the existing evidence. These guidance documents will be updated, as necessary, using ...
Sirois Fuschia M FM Bishop's University, Canada Centre for Research on Aging, Canada - - 2014
Guided by pain-related attachment models and coping theory, we used structural equation modeling to test an appraisal-based coping model of how insecure attachment was linked to arthritis adjustment in a sample of 365 people with arthritis. The structural equation modeling analyses revealed indirect and direct associations of anxious and avoidant ...
Ahmadi Maryam M Department of Health Information Management, School of Management and Medical Information Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran ; Health Management and Economics Research Center, School of Health Management and Information Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR - - 2014
Orthopedic injuries are the most common types of injuries. To identify the main causes of injuries, collecting data in a standard manner at the national level are needed, which justifies necessity of making a minimum data set (MDS). The aim of this study was to develop an MDS of the ...
Casha Aaron R AR Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Mater Dei Hospital, Msida, Malta Department of Anatomy, University of Malta, Msida, Malta - - 2014
Biomechanical modelling of the forces acting on a median sternotomy can explain the mechanism of sternotomy dehiscence, leading to improved closure techniques. Chest wall forces on 40 kPa coughing were measured using a novel finite element analysis (FEA) ellipsoid chest model, based on average measurements of eight adult male thoracic ...
Shieh Gwowen G Department of Management Science, National Chiao Tung University, 1001 Ta Hsueh Road, Hsinchu, Taiwan, 30010, Republic of China, - - 2014
The determination of an adequate sample size is a vital aspect in the planning stage of research studies. A prudent strategy should incorporate all of the critical factors and cost considerations into sample size calculations. This study concerns the allocation schemes of group sizes for Welch's test in a one-way ...
Kløjgaard Mirja Elisabeth ME COHERE, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
A growing number of studies across different fields are making use of a new class of choice models, labelled variably as hybrid model structures or integrated choice and latent variable models, and incorporating the role of attitudes in decision making. To date, this technique has not been used in health ...
Chen Xiao X MBBS, Intern, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, - - 2014
Diplopia can often be a diagnostic challenge in the general practice setting. Differentials broadly include orbital pathology and neuromuscular aetiologies. Familiarity with the causes and subsequent investigations can help deliver efficient and effective patient care. This article presents a unique case to illustrate the diagnostic approach to diplopia and highlights ...
Battle Ceri Elisabeth - - 2014
Blunt chest wall trauma accounts for over 15% of all trauma admissions to Emergency Departments worldwide. Reported mortality rates vary between 4 and 60%. Management of this patient group is challenging as a result of the delayed on-set of complications. The aim of this study was to develop and validate ...
Lynn Steven Jay SJ Psychology Department, Binghamton University - - 2014
Dalenberg et al. (2012) argued that convincing evidence (a) supports the longstanding trauma model (TM), which posits that early trauma plays a key role in the genesis of dissociation; and (b) refutes the fantasy model (FM), which posits that fantasy proneness, suggestibility, cognitive failures, and other variables foster dissociation. We ...
Dalenberg Constance J CJ Trauma Research Institute, California School of Professional Psychology, Alliant International - - 2014
We respond to Lynn et al.'s (2014) comments on our review (Dalenberg et al., 2012) demonstrating the superiority of the trauma model (TM) over the fantasy model (FM) in explaining the trauma-dissociation relationship. Lynn et al. conceded that our meta-analytic results support the TM hypothesis that trauma exposure is a ...
DʼHuyvetter Cecile C Department of Trauma Services (Ms D'Huyvetter) and Department of General and Vascular Surgery (Dr Cogbill), Gundersen Health System, La Crosse, - - 2014
As a result of generational changes in the health care workforce, we sought to evaluate our current Trauma Medical Director Leadership model. We assessed the responsibilities, accountability, time requirements, cost, and provider satisfaction with the current leadership model. Three new providers who had recently completed fellowship training were hired, each ...
Sekhon Harjeet Kaur HK Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, D. J. College of Dental Sciences and Research, Modinagar,Uttar Pradesh, - - 2014
Identification is the establishment of identity of an individual. The basis of dental identification is based on the observation that no two individuals can have same dentition. Palatal rugae are irregular, asymmetric ridges of the mucous membrane extending laterally from the incisive papilla and the anterior part of the palatal ...
Meroni Roberto R Department of Translational Medicine and Surgery, Program in Physical Therapy, University of Milan Bicocca , Monza , Italy - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To perform a Rasch analysis (RA) of the Fear Avoidance Beliefs questionnaire (FABQ-I) in a sample of chronic non-specific low back pain (CLBP) patients. The RA is expected to provide information about the internal construct validity and all the single items consistency of the FABQ-I and then contributing ...
Freshwater Eleanor S ES Emergency Department, University Hospital Southampton, Tremona Road, Southampton, Hampshire, UK, SO16 6YD; Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Southampton, 104 Burgess Road, Southampton, SO17 1BJ. Electronic address: - - 2014
With the introduction of regional trauma networks in England, ambulance clinicians have been required to make triage decisions relating to severity of injury, and appropriate destination for the patient, which may require 'bypassing' the nearest Emergency Department. A 'Trauma Unit Bypass Tool' is utilised in this process. The Major Trauma ...
Singh Hardeep H Houston Veterans Affairs Center for Innovations in Quality, Effectiveness and Safety, Michael E. DeBakey Veterans Affairs Medical Center and the Section of Health Services Research, Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, , Houston, Texas, - - 2014
The frequency of outpatient diagnostic errors is challenging to determine due to varying error definitions and the need to review data across multiple providers and care settings over time. We estimated the frequency of diagnostic errors in the US adult population by synthesising data from three previous studies of clinic-based ...
Jansen Jan O JO From the Department of Surgery and Intensive Care Medicine (J.O.J.), Aberdeen Royal Infirmary; Health Services Research Unit (J.O.J., M.K.C.), University of Aberdeen; and Scottish Ambulance Service (R.L., G.E.), Edinburgh; Academic Unit of Surgery (J.J.M.), Glasgow Royal Infirmary, Glasgow; Academic Department of Military Surgery & Trauma (J.J.M.), Royal Centre for Defence Medicine; and School of Computer Science (S.H.), University of Birmingham; and Key Lab of Intelligent Perception and Image Understanding (H.W.), Ministry of Education, Xidian University, Xi'an, - - 2014
Trauma systems have been shown to reduce death and disability from injury but must be appropriately configured. A systematic approach to trauma system design can help maximize geospatial effectiveness and reassure stakeholders that the best configuration has been chosen. This article describes the GEOS [Geospatial Evaluation of Systems of Trauma ...
Jaramillo Ana M AM Olson Sound Design, 3711 Lake Dr., 55422, Robbinsdale, MN 55422, - - 2014
The Department of Speech-Language-Hearing Sciences at University of Minnesota occupies Shevlin Hall built in 1906. We were called in 2013 to help with the acoustic and sound system redesign of room 110 to be used as a classroom, as the room had very poor speech intelligibility due to the very ...
Kluemper Nicole S NS a Alliant International University , San - - 2014
Abstract Psychologists have long assumed a connection between traumatic experience and psychological dissociation. This hypothesis is referred to as the Trauma Model of dissociation. In the last decade, a series of papers have been published that question this traditional causal link, proposing an alternative Fantasy Model of dissociation. In this ...
Neelon Brian B 1Center for Health Services Research in Primary Care, Durham VAMC, - - 2014
Motivated by a study exploring spatiotemporal trends in emergency department use, we develop a class of two-part hurdle models for the analysis of zero-inflated areal count data. The models consist of two components-one for the probability of any emergency department use and one for the number of emergency department visits ...
Frewen Paul A PA a Departments of Psychiatry , Psychology, and Neuroscience University of Western - - 2014
Abstract Frewen and Lanius (in press) recently articulated a "4-D model" as a framework for classifying symptoms of posttraumatic stress into those that potentially occur within normal waking consciousness (NWC) versus those that intrinsically represent dissociative experiences of trauma-related altered states of consciousness (TRASC). Four dimensions were specified: time-memory, thought, ...
Büchel Christian C Department of Systems Neuroscience, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, 20246 Hamburg, Germany; Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This Perspective reviews recent findings in placebo hypoalgesia and provides a conceptual account of how expectations and experience can lead to placebo hypoalgesia. In particular, we put forward the idea that the ascending and the descending pain system resembles a recurrent system that allows for the implementation of predictive coding-meaning ...
Guiry John J JJ Department of Electronic & Computer Engineering, University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland. Electronic address: - - 2014
In this paper, the authors describe a method of accurately detecting human activity using a smartphone accelerometer paired with a dedicated chest sensor. The design, implementation, testing and validation of a custom mobility classifier are also presented. Offline analysis was carried out to compare this custom classifier to de-facto machine ...
Gohier F F Biomedical Engineering Research Group, Department of Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering, Stellenbosch University, Private Bag X1, Matieland, 7602, South - - 2014
To evaluate the performance of a real-time feedback algorithm for chest compression (CC) during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), which provides accurate estimation of the CC depth based on dual accelerometer signal processing, without assuming full CDC. Also, to explore the influence of incomplete chest decompression (CDC) on the CC depth estimation ...
Wailoo Allan - - 2014
Economic evaluation typically is conducted using health state utilities to estimate treatment benefits. However, such outcomes are often missing from studies of clinical effectiveness. This study aims to bridge that gap by providing appropriate methods to link values from the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) to the ...
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