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Wang Hao H Department of Traditional Chinese Internal Medicine, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing 100029, P.R. - - 2014
The aim of this study was to establish a mouse model of vascular dementia (VaD) in order to overcome the shortcomings of rat models of VaD, which include high production costs, difficult surgery, surgical trauma and high mortality. In this study, repeated ischemia-reperfusion of the total bilateral carotid artery in ...
Bonebrake Timothy C TC Department of Earth Sciences, School of Biological Sciences, University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong SAR, Hong Kong - - 2014
Difficulty in characterizing the relationship between climatic variability and climate change vulnerability arises when we consider the multiple scales at which this variation occurs, be it temporal (from minute to annual) or spatial (from centimetres to kilometres). We studied populations of a single widely distributed butterfly species, Chlosyne lacinia, to ...
Owens Katie H KH School of Pharmacy, University of Otago, Dunedin, New - - 2014
Paracetamol is one of the most common pharmaceutical agents taken in self-poisonings and may increase the prothrombin time (PT) through liver injury, and in overdose without hepatic injury by reducing functional factor VII [1-4]. PT is a measure of hepatic injury used to predict and monitor hepatotoxicity, reported as the ...
Meyer-Baese Anke A Department of Scientific Computing, Florida State University, - - 2014
The interpretation of phosphoproteomics data sets is crucial for generating hypotheses that guide therapeutic solutions, yet not many techniques have been applied to this type of analysis. This paper intends to give an overview about the two main standard techniques that can be applied to the analysis of these large ...
Wang Chen C a School of Transportation Engineering , Tongji University , 4800 Cao'an Road, Shanghai 201804 , China ., Phone: +86-18221148065 Email: - - 2014
ABSTRACT Objectives This study investigated factors correlated with the severity of injuries sustained by bicyclists in bicycle-motor vehicle crashes at unsignalized intersections to develop site-specific countermeasures and interventions to improve bicycle safety. Method Crash data were extracted from accident reports entered into the Kentucky State Police's Kentucky Collision Database in ...
Pretz Christopher R CR Craig Hospital, Englewood CO; Traumatic Brain Injury National Data and Statistical Center, Englewood CO. Electronic address: - - 2014
To verify that iterative proportional fitting (IPF) or raking has the desired effect of aligning estimates and parameters so that researches have confidence in population projections when weighting the Traumatic Brian Injury (TBI) Model Systems National Database. Secondary data analysis using IPF. Inpatient rehabilitation. People age 16 and over with ...
Kong Guilan G Peking University, - - 2014
Peking University has several prestigious teaching hospitals in China. To make secondary use of massive medical data for research purposes, construction of a clinical data warehouse is imperative in Peking University. However, a big concern for clinical data warehouse construction is how to protect patient privacy. In this project, we ...
Díaz J I JI Instituto de Matemática Interdisciplinar and Dept. Mat. Aplicada , Universidad Complutense de Madrid , 28040 Madrid, - - 2014
We study a climatologically important interaction of two of the main components of the geophysical system by adding an energy balance model for the averaged atmospheric temperature as dynamic boundary condition to a diagnostic ocean model having an additional spatial dimension. In this work, we give deeper insight than previous ...
Sundararaman Ravishankar R Department of Physics, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, - - 2014
Continuum solvation models enable efficient first principles calculations of chemical reactions in solution, but require extensive parametrization and fitting for each solvent and class of solute systems. Here, we examine the assumptions of continuum solvation models in detail and replace empirical terms with physical models in order to construct a ...
Inan Omer - - 2014
In the past decade, there has been a resurgence in the field of unobtrusive cardiomechanical assessment, through advancing methods for measuring and interpreting ballistocardiogram (BCG) and seismocardiogram (SCG) signals. Novel instrumentation solutions have enabled BCG and SCG measurement outside of clinical settings: in the home, in the field, and even ...
Paniello Randal C RC Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri, U.S.A; the St. Louis Veterans Affairs Medical Center, St. Louis, Missouri, - - 2014
Most patients with unilateral vocal fold paralysis experience some degree of spontaneous reinnervation, which depends upon the type and severity of recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) injury. After partial recovery, the paretic vocal fold may or may not adduct adequately to allow glottic closure, which in turn affects phonatory and swallowing ...
Petraglia Anthony L AL *Department of Neurosurgery, Rochester Regional Health System, Rochester, New York; ‡Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York; §Department of Neurosurgery, The Center for Neuroscience, West Virginia University School of Medicine, Morgantown, West Virginia; and ¶Department of Neurosurgery, NorthShore University Health System, Evanston, Illinois and Department of Neurosurgery, University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine, Chicago, - - 2014
: Mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) has become a rising epidemic, affecting millions of people each year. Even though it is the most common type of brain injury, our understanding of the science underlying mild TBI is just in its infancy. There has been an explosion of basic science research ...
Gunning Amy C AC From the Department of Trauma Surgery, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, the - - 2014
The extensively used trauma scores to evaluate trauma center performances have been derived decades ago. This leaves its applicability in the current trauma population a subject of discussion.In this study, we evaluate the applicability of the current trauma scores in today's trauma population. This study was performed in the central ...
Ackleh Azmy S AS a Department of Mathematics , University of Louisiana at Lafayette , Lafayette , LA 70504 , - - 2014
We present a second-order high-resolution finite difference scheme to approximate the solution of a mathematical model of the transmission dynamics of Mycobacterium marinum (Mm) in an aquatic environment. This work extends the numerical theory and continues the preliminary studies on the model first developed in Ackleh et al. [Structured models ...
Xu Ye Y MOE Key Laboratory of Regional Energy and Environmental Systems Optimization, Sino-Canada Resources and Environmental Research Academy, North China Electric Power University , Beijing, China - - 2014
In this study, a fuzzy robust optimization (FRO) model was developed for supporting municipal solid waste management under uncertainty. The Development Zone of the City of Dalian, China, was used as a study case for demonstration. Comparing with traditional fuzzy models, the FRO model made improvement by considering the minimization ...
Danelson Kerry - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to compare the response of the Total HUman Model for Safety (THUMS) total body finite element model to experimental Post Mortem Human Subject (PMHS) test results and evaluate possible injuries caused by suit ring elements. Experimental testing evaluated the PMHS response in frontal, rear, ...
Leonhardt G G Unit of Environmental Engineering, Institute of Infrastructure Engineering, University of Innsbruck, Technikerstrasse 13, A 6020 Innsbruck, Austria E-mail: - - 2014
The performance assessment of storage tanks and combined sewer overflow (CSO) structures in sewer systems requires knowledge of the total inflow from the catchment during rainfall events. Many structures are, however, only equipped with sensors to measure water level and/or outflows. Based on the geometry of the tank, expressed as ...
Fu Qirang Q Key Laboratory of Energy Thermal Conversion and Control of Ministry of Education, Southeast University, Nanjing, - - 2014
Thermo-chemical gasification of sawdust refuse-derived fuel was performed on a bench-scale fluidised bed gasifier with enriched air and steam as fluidising and oxidising agents. Dolomite as a natural mineral catalyst was used as bed material to reform tars and hydrocarbons. A series of experiments were carried out under typical operating ...
Mulkern Edward M EM Sheffield Vascular Institute, Northern General Hospital, Sheffield, United Kingdom - - 2014
Experimental models of recovery from limb ischemia are required for evaluating novel means of treating ischemia. We describe a mouse model to assess gait after inducing limb ischemia. Gait analysis was performed using a Plexiglass tube, the floor of which contained load cells. Gait was measured in 20 mice; 10 ...
Chen Zhiyong - - 2014
For a multiagent system in free space, the agents are required to generate sufficiently large cohesive force for network connectivity preservation and sufficiently large repulsive force for collision avoidance. This paper gives an energy function based approach for estimating the control force in a general setting. In particular, the force ...
Zeng Qiang Q Urban Transport Research Center, School of Traffic and Transportation Engineering, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan 410075, PR China. Electronic address: - - 2014
The study proposes a convex combination (CC) algorithm to fast and stably train a neural network (NN) model for crash injury severity prediction, and a modified NN pruning for function approximation (N2PFA) algorithm to optimize the network structure. To demonstrate the proposed approaches and to compare them with the NN ...
Treuille Adrien A Computer Science Department, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15206, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hypothesis-driven experimentation - the scientific method - can be subverted by fraud, irreproducibility, and lack of rigorous predictive tests. A robust solution to these problems may be the 'massive open laboratory' model, recently embodied in the internet-scale videogame EteRNA. Deploying similar platforms throughout biology could enforce the scientific method more ...
Voelz Vincent A VA Department of Chemistry, Temple University, Philadelphia, - - 2014
We present a Bayesian inference approach to estimating conformational state populations from a combination of molecular modeling and sparse experimental data. Unlike alternative approaches, our method is designed for use with small molecules and emphasizes high-resolution structural models, using inferential structure determination with reference potentials, and Markov Chain Monte Carlo ...
Liu Jie J Sensory Motor Performance Program, Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, - - 2014
After neurological injuries such as spinal cord injury, voluntary surface electromyogram (EMG) signals recorded from affected muscles are often corrupted by interferences, such as spurious involuntary spikes and background noises produced by physiological and extrinsic/accidental origins, imposing difficulties for signal processing. Conventional methods did not well address the problem caused ...
Lee Seunghoon S Department of Rehabilitation Science, Graduate School of Inje - - 2014
Rodent models of focal cerebral ischemia that do not require craniotomy have been developed by intraluminal suture middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAo). Mouse MCAo models have been widely used and extended to genetic studies of cell death or recovery mechanisms. Therefore, we compared surgery-related parameters and techniques between such rats ...
Paiva Susana L D SL Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, COPPE - Department of Mechanical Engineering, P.O. Box 68.503, 21.941.972 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Daisyworld is an archetypal model of the earth that is able to describe the global regulation that can emerge from the interaction between life and environment. This article proposes a model based on the original Daisyworld considering greenhouse gases emission and absorption, allowing the description of the global warming phenomenon. ...
Silverberg Noah N UBC, Medicine , 4255 Laurel St , Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, V5Z 4R2 ; - - 2014
Prognostic models can guide clinical management and increase statistical power in clinical trials. The availability and adequacy of prognostic models for mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) is uncertain. The present study aimed to (i) identify and evaluate multivariable prognostic models for MTBI, and (ii) determine which pre-, peri-, and early ...
Sehba Fatima A FA Departments of Neurosurgery and Neurosciences, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, 1 Gustave L. Levy Place, New York, NY, 10029, USA, - - 2014
Experimental animal models of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) have provided a wealth of information on the mechanisms of brain injury. The rat endovascular perforation (EVP) model replicates the early pathophysiology of SAH and hence is frequently used to study early brain injury following SAH. This paper presents a brief review ...
Mazzuca Claudia - - 2014
The removal of old glue from paper artworks is of paramount importance for the preservation of its integrity during the restoration process. Wet cleaning is one of the traditional methods, although, it may cause damages on artworks. In this work, an advantageous alternative method, based on the use of a ...
Hitchens Peta L PL Menzies Research Institute Tasmania, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, California, - - 2014
The profession of a horse-racing jockey is a dangerous one. We developed a decision tree model quantifying the effects of implementing different safety strategies on jockey fall and injury rates and their associated costs. Data on race-day falls were obtained from stewards' reports from August 2002 to July 2009. Insurance ...
Manin Alex N AN G.A. Krestov Institute of Solution Chemistry of the Russian academy of Sciences, 1, Academicheskaya, 153045, - - 2014
The main problem occurring at the early stages of cocrystal search is the choice of an effective screening technique. Among the most popular techniques of obtaining cocrystals are crystallization from solution, crystallization from melt and solvent-drop grinding. This paper represents a comparative analysis of the following screening techniques: DSC cocrystal ...
Yamazaki Junya J 1Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center, Oslo, Norway; 2Section of Orthopedic Surgery, School of Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University Hospital, Tokyo, Japan; 3Department of Physical Performance, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway; 4Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm Sweden; 5Australian Centre for Research into Injury in Sport and its Prevention (ACRISP), Federation University Australia, Ballarat, Australia; 6Dept. of Sport Science, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria; 7Department of Sport and Exercise Science, University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria; 8Aspetar Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, Doha, - - 2014
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the leading cause of death in alpine skiing. It has been found that helmet use can reduce the incidence of head injuries between 15% and 60%. However, knowledge on optimal helmet performance criteria in World Cup alpine skiing is currently limited due to lack of ...
Seifi Hooman H Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Kashan, Kashan, - - 2014
Multivariate resolution technique is a set of mathematical tools that uncovers the underlying profiles from a set of measurements of time evolving chemical systems. This technique was proposed for resolving the overlapping GC-MS peaks into pure chromatogram and mass spectra. In this paper, several common resolution chemometric techniques in GC-MS ...
Chen Hsin H Department of Marine Environment and Engineering, National Sun Yat-sen University, 70Lienhai Rd., Kaohsiung 80424, Taiwan, R.O.C. Electronic address: - - 2014
The wetland system possesses diverse functions such as preserving water sources, mediating flooding, providing habitats for wildlife and stabilizing coastlines. Nonetheless, rapid economic growth and the increasing population have significantly deteriorated the wetland environment. To secure the sustainability of the wetland, it is essential to introduce integrated and systematic management. ...
Ross James D JD From the 59th Medical Wing (J.D.R., E.M.S., L.-A.Z.), Science and Technology Office, Trauma and Clinical Care Research Directorate, Wilford Hall Ambulatory Surgical Center, Joint Base San Antonio-Lackland, San Antonio, Texas; Walter Reed National Military Medical Center at Bethesda (C.J.B.), Bethesda, Maryland; and Academic Department Military Surgery and Trauma (J.J.M.), Royal Centre for Defence Medicine, Birmingham; and Academic Unit of Surgery (J.J.M.), Glasgow Royal Infirmary, Glasgow, United - - 2014
Hemorrhage persists as the leading cause of potentially preventable civilian and military death. Noncompressible torso hemorrhage (NCTH) is a particularly lethal injury complex, with few contemporary prehospital interventions available. Various porcine models of hemorrhage have been developed for civilian and military trauma research. However, the predominant contemporary models lack key ...
Savoie J - - 2014
This study examined satisfaction and understanding of neuropsychological assessment findings when receiving videoconference (VC) or in-person (IP) based feedback. This study also considered how different statistical methods can be used to maximize the usefulness and dissemination of the results. An 18-item feedback satisfaction questionnaire was generated from previous studies and ...
Doig Emmah E Emmah Doig, PhD, BOccThy Hons, is NHMRC Post Doctoral Research Fellow, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Queensland, St. Lucia Campus, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia 4067; - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. We examined participation in goal planning and development of self-awareness for people with impaired self-awareness after traumatic brain injury. METHOD. We performed a mixed-methods study of 8 participants recently discharged from inpatient rehabilitation. Self-awareness was measured using discrepancy between self and significant other ratings on the Mayo-Portland Adaptability Index ...
Somers Jeffrey T JT Wyle Science, Technology and Engineering Group, and the Crew and Thermal Systems Division, NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX, - - 2014
Somers JT, Gohmert DM, Brinkley JW. Spacecraft occupant protection requirements: a review of the recent changes. Aviat Space Environ Med 2014; 85:940-8. NASA has recently updated spacecraft design requirements for protecting crewmembers during dynamic spaceflight phases. The details of the update are available in a NASA publication (NASA TM-2013-217380) and ...
Ghazizadeh Mahtab - - 2014
This study applies text mining to extract clusters of vehicle problems and associated trends from free-response data in the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's vehicle owner's complaint database. As the automotive industry adopts new technologies, it is important to systematically assess the effect of these changes on traffic safety. Driving ...
Jurčišinová E E Institute of Experimental Physics, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Watsonova 47, 040 01 Košice, - - 2014
We consider the antiferromagnetic spin-1/2 Ising model with multisite interaction in an external magnetic field on an infinite zigzag ladder. The model is solved exactly by using the transfer matrix method. Using the exact expression for the total magnetization per site, the magnetic properties of the model are investigated in ...
Candappa Nimmi N Monash University Accident Research Centre, Monash Injury Research Institute, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Fatal and serious injury crashes persist at intersections despite current efforts to address this. Little research specifically investigates the role played by existing intersection design in perpetuating serious intersection crash outcomes despite an increasing move to incorporate Safe System design on to roads. This paper identifies design principles deemed important ...
Piacente Giovanni G Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche e Chimiche Universita' di l'Aquila, Via Vetoio s.n.c. 87100 l'Aquila, Italy. - - 2014
In this study we propose a theoretical-computational method, essentially based on molecular dynamics simulations and quantum-chemical calculations, for modelling the photo-induced charge separation (CS) and the subsequent charge recombination (CR) processes in solution. In particular we have reproduced the low-energy UV-Vis spectra of systems composed by an aromatic species (Ar ...
Jing Min - - 2014
Despite the emerging applications of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), very few investigations have been reported related to temporal changes in quantitative diffusion patterns, which may help to assess recovery from head injury and the long term impact associated with cognitive and behavioural impairments caused ...
Wille Christa C Department of Orthopedics and Rehabilitation, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, - - 2014
Study Design Controlled laboratory study, cross sectional design. Objective To determine if sagittal kinematic variables can be used to estimate select running kinetics. Background Excessive loading during running has been implicated in a variety of injuries, yet this information is typically not assessed during a standard clinical examination. Developing a ...
Mitchener W Garrett WG College of - - 2014
Abstract I describe the Utrecht machine (UM), a discrete artificial regulatory network designed for studying how evolution discovers biochemical computation mechanisms. The corresponding binary genome format is compatible with gene deletion, duplication, and recombination. In the simulation presented here, an agent consisting of two UMs, a sender and a receiver, ...
Matsumoto Masakazu - - 2014
We propose a spin model compatible with ice VII-plastic ice phase transitions and critical phenomena discovered recently by computer simulations. The Blume-Capel spin-1 Ising model is extended in order to describe the entropic stabilization effect in the plastic ice phase. The model shares the same set of tricritical exponents with ...
Riedl Dennis D a Institute of Sport and Exercise Sciences , University of Münster , Münster , - - 2014
Abstract The role of referees has become a central issue in the investigation of home advantage. The main aim of this study was a thorough examination of the referee bias concerning injury time in football, which is currently seen as an important example for the assertion that referees contribute to ...
Burrows Wesley W National Centre for Groundwater Research and Training, Adelaide, SA, 5001, - - 2014
The use of detailed groundwater models to simulate complex environmental processes can be hampered by (1) long run-times and (2) a penchant for solution convergence problems. Collectively, these can undermine the ability of a modeler to reduce and quantify predictive uncertainty, and therefore limit the use of such detailed models ...
Qin Jianyuan J College of Biosystems Engineering and Food Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, PR - - 2015
Antibiotic residues in agricultural and food products are of great concern to legislatures and consumers. Reliable techniques for rapid and sensitive detection of these residues are necessary to ensure food safety. In this study, tetracycline hydrochloride (TC-HCl) in powder and solution form was detected and quantified using terahertz (THz) spectroscopy. ...
Huš Matej M University of Ljubljana, Department of Chemistry and Chemical Technology, Chair of Physical Chemistry, Aškerčeva 5, SI-1000 Ljubljana, - - 2014
A simple and computationally inexpensive core-softened model, originally proposed by Franzese [G. Franzese, J. Mol. Liq. 136, 267 (2007)], was adopted to show that it exhibits properties of waterlike fluid and hydrophobic effect. The potential used between particles is spherically symmetric with two characteristic lengths. Thermodynamics of nonpolar solvation were ...
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