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Bovenkerk Bernice B Philosophy Group (CPT), Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands, - - 2014
Animal modelsAnimal models are used in experiments in the behavioural neurosciences that aim to contribute to the prevention and treatment of cognitive and affective disorders in human beings, such as anxiety and depression. Ironically, those animals that are likely to be the best models for psychopathology are also likely to ...
Lewis Sandra Zelman - - 2014
American College of Chest Physicians' (CHEST) new Living Guidelines Model will not only provide clinicians with guidance based on the most clinically relevant and current science but will also allow expert-informed guidance to fill in any gaps in the existing evidence. These guidance documents will be updated, as necessary, using ...
Sirois Fuschia M FM Bishop's University, Canada Centre for Research on Aging, Canada - - 2014
Guided by pain-related attachment models and coping theory, we used structural equation modeling to test an appraisal-based coping model of how insecure attachment was linked to arthritis adjustment in a sample of 365 people with arthritis. The structural equation modeling analyses revealed indirect and direct associations of anxious and avoidant ...
Casha Aaron R AR Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Mater Dei Hospital, Msida, Malta Department of Anatomy, University of Malta, Msida, Malta - - 2014
Biomechanical modelling of the forces acting on a median sternotomy can explain the mechanism of sternotomy dehiscence, leading to improved closure techniques. Chest wall forces on 40 kPa coughing were measured using a novel finite element analysis (FEA) ellipsoid chest model, based on average measurements of eight adult male thoracic ...
Shieh Gwowen G Department of Management Science, National Chiao Tung University, 1001 Ta Hsueh Road, Hsinchu, Taiwan, 30010, Republic of China, - - 2014
The determination of an adequate sample size is a vital aspect in the planning stage of research studies. A prudent strategy should incorporate all of the critical factors and cost considerations into sample size calculations. This study concerns the allocation schemes of group sizes for Welch's test in a one-way ...
Kløjgaard Mirja Elisabeth ME COHERE, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
A growing number of studies across different fields are making use of a new class of choice models, labelled variably as hybrid model structures or integrated choice and latent variable models, and incorporating the role of attitudes in decision making. To date, this technique has not been used in health ...
Chen Xiao X MBBS, Intern, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, - - 2014
Diplopia can often be a diagnostic challenge in the general practice setting. Differentials broadly include orbital pathology and neuromuscular aetiologies. Familiarity with the causes and subsequent investigations can help deliver efficient and effective patient care. This article presents a unique case to illustrate the diagnostic approach to diplopia and highlights ...
Battle Ceri Elisabeth - - 2014
Blunt chest wall trauma accounts for over 15% of all trauma admissions to Emergency Departments worldwide. Reported mortality rates vary between 4 and 60%. Management of this patient group is challenging as a result of the delayed on-set of complications. The aim of this study was to develop and validate ...
Lynn Steven Jay SJ Psychology Department, Binghamton University - - 2014
Dalenberg et al. (2012) argued that convincing evidence (a) supports the longstanding trauma model (TM), which posits that early trauma plays a key role in the genesis of dissociation; and (b) refutes the fantasy model (FM), which posits that fantasy proneness, suggestibility, cognitive failures, and other variables foster dissociation. We ...
Dalenberg Constance J CJ Trauma Research Institute, California School of Professional Psychology, Alliant International - - 2014
We respond to Lynn et al.'s (2014) comments on our review (Dalenberg et al., 2012) demonstrating the superiority of the trauma model (TM) over the fantasy model (FM) in explaining the trauma-dissociation relationship. Lynn et al. conceded that our meta-analytic results support the TM hypothesis that trauma exposure is a ...
DʼHuyvetter Cecile C Department of Trauma Services (Ms D'Huyvetter) and Department of General and Vascular Surgery (Dr Cogbill), Gundersen Health System, La Crosse, - - 2014
As a result of generational changes in the health care workforce, we sought to evaluate our current Trauma Medical Director Leadership model. We assessed the responsibilities, accountability, time requirements, cost, and provider satisfaction with the current leadership model. Three new providers who had recently completed fellowship training were hired, each ...
Meroni Roberto R Department of Translational Medicine and Surgery, Program in Physical Therapy, University of Milan Bicocca , Monza , Italy - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To perform a Rasch analysis (RA) of the Fear Avoidance Beliefs questionnaire (FABQ-I) in a sample of chronic non-specific low back pain (CLBP) patients. The RA is expected to provide information about the internal construct validity and all the single items consistency of the FABQ-I and then contributing ...
Freshwater Eleanor S ES Emergency Department, University Hospital Southampton, Tremona Road, Southampton, Hampshire, UK, SO16 6YD; Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Southampton, 104 Burgess Road, Southampton, SO17 1BJ. Electronic address: - - 2014
With the introduction of regional trauma networks in England, ambulance clinicians have been required to make triage decisions relating to severity of injury, and appropriate destination for the patient, which may require 'bypassing' the nearest Emergency Department. A 'Trauma Unit Bypass Tool' is utilised in this process. The Major Trauma ...
Singh Hardeep H Houston Veterans Affairs Center for Innovations in Quality, Effectiveness and Safety, Michael E. DeBakey Veterans Affairs Medical Center and the Section of Health Services Research, Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, , Houston, Texas, - - 2014
The frequency of outpatient diagnostic errors is challenging to determine due to varying error definitions and the need to review data across multiple providers and care settings over time. We estimated the frequency of diagnostic errors in the US adult population by synthesising data from three previous studies of clinic-based ...
Jansen Jan O JO From the Department of Surgery and Intensive Care Medicine (J.O.J.), Aberdeen Royal Infirmary; Health Services Research Unit (J.O.J., M.K.C.), University of Aberdeen; and Scottish Ambulance Service (R.L., G.E.), Edinburgh; Academic Unit of Surgery (J.J.M.), Glasgow Royal Infirmary, Glasgow; Academic Department of Military Surgery & Trauma (J.J.M.), Royal Centre for Defence Medicine; and School of Computer Science (S.H.), University of Birmingham; and Key Lab of Intelligent Perception and Image Understanding (H.W.), Ministry of Education, Xidian University, Xi'an, - - 2014
Trauma systems have been shown to reduce death and disability from injury but must be appropriately configured. A systematic approach to trauma system design can help maximize geospatial effectiveness and reassure stakeholders that the best configuration has been chosen. This article describes the GEOS [Geospatial Evaluation of Systems of Trauma ...
Kluemper Nicole S NS a Alliant International University , San - - 2014
Abstract Psychologists have long assumed a connection between traumatic experience and psychological dissociation. This hypothesis is referred to as the Trauma Model of dissociation. In the last decade, a series of papers have been published that question this traditional causal link, proposing an alternative Fantasy Model of dissociation. In this ...
Neelon Brian B 1Center for Health Services Research in Primary Care, Durham VAMC, - - 2014
Motivated by a study exploring spatiotemporal trends in emergency department use, we develop a class of two-part hurdle models for the analysis of zero-inflated areal count data. The models consist of two components-one for the probability of any emergency department use and one for the number of emergency department visits ...
Frewen Paul A PA a Departments of Psychiatry , Psychology, and Neuroscience University of Western - - 2014
Abstract Frewen and Lanius (in press) recently articulated a "4-D model" as a framework for classifying symptoms of posttraumatic stress into those that potentially occur within normal waking consciousness (NWC) versus those that intrinsically represent dissociative experiences of trauma-related altered states of consciousness (TRASC). Four dimensions were specified: time-memory, thought, ...
Büchel Christian C Department of Systems Neuroscience, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, 20246 Hamburg, Germany; Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This Perspective reviews recent findings in placebo hypoalgesia and provides a conceptual account of how expectations and experience can lead to placebo hypoalgesia. In particular, we put forward the idea that the ascending and the descending pain system resembles a recurrent system that allows for the implementation of predictive coding-meaning ...
Guiry John J JJ Department of Electronic & Computer Engineering, University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland. Electronic address: - - 2014
In this paper, the authors describe a method of accurately detecting human activity using a smartphone accelerometer paired with a dedicated chest sensor. The design, implementation, testing and validation of a custom mobility classifier are also presented. Offline analysis was carried out to compare this custom classifier to de-facto machine ...
Gohier F F Biomedical Engineering Research Group, Department of Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering, Stellenbosch University, Private Bag X1, Matieland, 7602, South - - 2014
To evaluate the performance of a real-time feedback algorithm for chest compression (CC) during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), which provides accurate estimation of the CC depth based on dual accelerometer signal processing, without assuming full CDC. Also, to explore the influence of incomplete chest decompression (CDC) on the CC depth estimation ...
Wailoo Allan - - 2014
Economic evaluation typically is conducted using health state utilities to estimate treatment benefits. However, such outcomes are often missing from studies of clinical effectiveness. This study aims to bridge that gap by providing appropriate methods to link values from the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) to the ...
McCracken Lance M LM Health Psychology Section, Psychology Department, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London & INPUT Pain Management Centre, Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Scientific models are like tools, and like any tool they can be evaluated according to how well they achieve the chosen goals of the task at hand. In the science of treatment development for chronic pain, we might say that a good model ought to achieve at least 3 goals: ...
Chan Teresa T The Division of Emergency Medicine, Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, - - 2014
The objective was to determine the causes of and mitigating factors for conflict between emergency physicians and other colleagues during consultations. From March to September 2010, a total of 61 physicians (31 residents and 30 attendings from emergency medicine [EM], internal medicine, and general surgery) were interviewed about how junior ...
McCracken Lance M LM Health Psychology Section, Psychology Department, King's College London & INPUT Pain Management, Guy's & St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK. - - 2014
SUMMARY Psychological approaches to chronic pain have produced significant success and are widely accepted. Yet it can be difficult for those outside the field to understand the many different variables, processes and methods that are a part of these approaches. This is partly because these approaches are characterized by a wide ...
Erdener S E SE Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine and, Institute of Neurological Sciences and Psychiatry, Hacettepe University, Ankara, - - 2014
Similarities between laboratory animals and humans in anatomy and physiology of the cephalic nociceptive pathways allowed scientists to create successful models that have significantly contributed to our understanding of headache. They have also been instrumental for development of novel anti-migraine drugs dissimilar to classical pain killers. On the other hand, ...
Percie du Sert N N National Centre for the Replacement, Refinement and Reduction of Animals in Research - - 2014
Neuropathic pain remains an area of considerable unmet clinical need. Research based on preclinical animal models has failed to deliver truly novel treatment options, questioning the predictive value of these models. This review addresses the shortcomings of rodent in vivo models commonly used in the field and highlights approaches which ...
Macaluso P James PJ Jr Institute of Legal Medicine, Seville, Spain, - - 2014
The ability to estimate stature from various parts of the body is essential in medicolegal investigations, particularly in cases in which human remains have been dismembered or mutilated. Therefore, the aim of this study was to generate linear regression models for predicting stature on the basis of sternum length in ...
Holmqvist Kristian K a Chalmers University of Technology , SAFER Vehicle and Traffic Safety Center and the Department of Applied Mechanics, Vehicle Safety Division , Göteborg , - - 2014
Objective: The main aim of this study was to improve the quality of injury risk assessments in steering wheel rim to chest impacts when using the Hybrid III crash test dummy in frontal heavy goods vehicle (HGV) collision tests. Correction factors for chest injury criteria were calculated as the model ...
Hu Peter P University of Maryland Department of Anesthesiology, Baltimore, - - 2014
In most trauma registries, prehospital trauma data are often missing or unreliable because of the difficult dual task consigned to prehospital providers of recording vital signs and simultaneously resuscitating patients. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that the analysis of continuous vital signs acquired automatically, without ...
Richie Russell R Department of Psychology, University of - - 2014
It is largely 4ledged that natural languages emerge not just from human brains but also from rich communities of interacting human brains (Senghas, ). Yet the precise role of such communities and such interaction in the emergence of core properties of language has largely gone uninvestigated in naturally emerging systems, ...
Benson N N Xenologiq, Canterbury, Kent, - - 2014
The level of the endocannabinoid anandamide is controlled by fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH). In 2011, PF-04457845, an irreversible inhibitor of FAAH, was progressed to phase II clinical trials for osteoarthritic pain. This article discusses a prospective, integrated systems pharmacology model evaluation of FAAH as a target for pain in ...
Li Shasha S Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Minnan Normal University, Zhangzhou 363000, - - 2014
The Internet of things (IOT) is a hot issue in recent years. It accumulates large amounts of data by IOT users, which is a great challenge to mining useful knowledge from IOT. Classification is an effective strategy which can predict the need of users in IOT. However, many traditional rule-based ...
Fransén Erik E Department of Computational Biology, School of Computer Science and Communication, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, - - 2014
Chronic pain constitutes an important and growing problem in society with large unmet needs with respect to treatment and clear implications for quality of life. Computational modeling is used to complement experimental studies to elucidate mechanisms involved in pain states. Models representing the peripheral nerve ending often address questions related ...
Miyaji Naoko - - 2014
This article provides a model for speaking of trauma based on the author's ethnographic and clinical experiences mainly in Japan. It is often assumed that a person with more serious trauma has the right and ability to speak out. But those who are at the center of trauma and unable ...
Guinther Lindsey L CORRESPONDING AUTHOR: Lindsey Guinther, lindsey.guinther@uky.edu; (859) - - 2014
This study presents a detailed account of processes and multiple methodologies used in conducting a diagnostic post-occupancy evaluation (POE) in an urban hospital emergency department. Healthcare design POE research findings can lead to improved work environments for healthcare providers and higher levels of staff, patient, and visitor satisfaction. This evaluation ...
Watters Jennifer R - - 2014
In this column, I will provide a general overview to the indications and basic chest radiograph features such as density, views and technical quality. A systematic approach to radiographic interpretation is outlined. This proposed approach follows anatomical structures organized in alphabetical order (airway, bone, cardiac, diaphragm, extras and frame), while ...
Roberts Derek J - - 2014
Alrajab and colleagues recently conducted a meta-analysis examining the diagnostic accuracy of thoracic ultrasonography (US) or chest radiography (CXR) versus a reference standard of thoracic computed tomography for detection of pneumothoraces. They reported that while the pooled specificity of US (98%) was similar to CXR (99%), the pooled sensitivity (79%) ...
Prot-Labarthe Sonia S Pharmacie, AP-HP Hôpital Robert-Debré, Paris, - - 2014
Rational prescribing for children is an issue for all countries and has been inadequately studied. Inappropriate prescriptions, including drug omissions, are one of the main causes of medication errors in this population. Our aim is to develop a screening tool to identify omissions and inappropriate prescriptions in pediatrics based on ...
Tursich M M Department of Psychiatry, University of Western Ontario, London, ON, - - 2014
Exposure to psychological trauma (for example, childhood/early life adversity, exposure to violence or assault, combat exposure, accidents or natural disasters) is known to increase one's risk of developing certain chronic medical conditions. Clinical and population studies provide evidence of systemic inflammatory activity in trauma survivors with various psychiatric and nonpsychiatric ...
Hanney William J WJ Department of Health Professions, University of Central Florida , Orlando, FL , USA - - 2013
Abstract This study evaluated the inter-rater reliability of select examination procedures in patients with neck pain (NP) conducted over a 24- to 48-h period. Twenty-two patients with mechanical NP participated in a standardized examination. One examiner performed standardized examination procedures and a second blinded examiner repeated the procedures 24-48 h later ...
Donner-Banzhoff Norbert - - 2013
The classical diagnostic cross-sectional study has a focus on one disease only. Generalist clinicians, however, are confronted with a wide range of diagnoses. We propose the "comprehensive diagnostic study design" to evaluate diagnostic tests regarding more than one disease outcomes. We present the secondary analysis of a data set obtained ...
Hilligoss Brian B Division of Health Services Management and Policy, College of Public Health, The Ohio State University, 224 Cunz Hall, 1841 Neil Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This paper reports a discourse analysis of the language doctors used as they talked about and engaged in patient handoffs between the emergency department (ED) and various inpatient services at one highly specialized academic tertiary teaching and referral hospital in the Midwest United States. Although interest in handoff improvement has ...
Liu Nehemiah T - - 2013
Accurate and effective diagnosis of actual injury severity can be problematic in trauma patients. Inherent physiologic compensatory mechanisms may prevent accurate diagnosis and mask true severity in many circumstances. The objective of this project was the development and validation of a multiparameter machine learning algorithm and system capable of predicting ...
Schnorenberg Alyssa J - - 2013
Pediatric manual wheelchair users (MWU) require high joint demands on their upper extremity (UE) during wheelchair mobility, leading them to be at risk of developing pain and pathology. Studies have examined UE biomechanics during wheelchair mobility in the adult population; however, current methods for evaluating UE joint dynamics of pediatric ...
Kaneko Hideo - - 2013
The three-dimensional (3-D) distances of specific points on the chest and abdominal wall are useful for assessing the characteristics of breathing movement. This study aimed to determine whether the 3-D distances on the chest and abdominal wall during deep breathing could be estimated using a newly developed breathing METHODS:: Breathing ...
Courtenay Molly - - 2013
Approximately 70 to 80% of healthcare errors are due to poor team communication and understanding. High-risk environments such as the trauma setting (which covers a broad spectrum of departments in acute services) are where the majority of these errors occur. Despite the emphasis on interprofessional collaborative practice and patient safety, ...
Woods Ryan W - - 2013
RadLex was developed to create a unified language for radiologists. Despite the large number of terms, little research has evaluated the degree to which RadLex contains terms frequently used in clinical practice. The purposes of this project are to estimate the completeness of RadLex in the chest radiography domain and ...
Terzi O - - 2013
The location of ambulance stations are of great importance, as location is a determining factor of whether ambulances are able to respond to emergency calls within the critical period. The aim of the present study was to determine whether the ambulance stations in the provincial centre of Samsun, Turkey, were ...
Taneja A - - 2013
The formalin-induced rat model of nociception involves moderate continuous pain. Formalin-induced pain results in a typical repetitive flinching behaviour, which displays a biphasic pattern characterised by peaks of pain. Here we described the time course of pain response and the analgesic effect of gabapentin using a semi-mechanistic modelling approach. Male ...
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