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Results 351 - 400 of 2855
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Gregory T Ryan - - 2013
A study was undertaken to evaluate both a pre-existing method and a newly proposed approach for the estimation of nuclear genome sizes in arthropods. First, concerns regarding the reliability of the well-established method of flow cytometry relating to impacts of rearing conditions on genome size estimates were examined. Contrary to ...
Guerrier Stéphane - - 2013
This article presents a new estimation method for the parameters of a time series model. We consider here composite Gaussian processes that are the sum of independent Gaussian processes which, in turn, explain an important aspect of the time series, as is the case in engineering and natural sciences. The ...
Mărgăritescu Irina - - 2013
Performance of qualitative microbiological measurement methods where the results are either "O" (microorganism not detected) or "1" (microorganism detected) is described by their probability of detection (POD) function, i.e., the POD as a function of the level of contamination of the sample, expressed as CFU/g or CFU/mL, or by the ...
Zeng Ming M Aix Marseille Université, Marseilles, - - 2013
In trickling filters for wastewater treatment, hydrodynamic behaviour is affected by the growth of biofilm on the porous medium. Therefore, modelling hydrodynamic behaviour is necessary and efficient to predict the biodegradation of pollutants. In this study, laboratory-scale trickling filters were filled with two different porous media (glass beads and plastic ...
Adriaenssens N - - 2013
There is no consensus on the definition of Breast Cancer Related Lymphedema of the arm (BCRL) because there are no agreed standards in measurement methods and diagnostic criteria. The main objective of this study is to compare mobile infrared optoelectronic volumetry with a Perometer with two commonly used methods for ...
Lou Yifei Y School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332, USA. - - 2013
An important problem of neuroimaging data analysis for traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the task of coregistering MR volumes acquired using distinct sequences in the presence of widely variable pixel movements which are due to the presence and evolution of pathology. We are motivated by this problem to design a ...
Stuckey Erin M - - 2013
Evaluating the effectiveness of malaria control interventions on the basis of their impact on transmission is increasingly important as countries move from malaria control to pre-elimination programs. Mathematical modeling can examine relationships between malaria indicators, allowing translation of easily measured data into measures of transmission, and addressing key concerns with ...
Cho C-W - - 2013
In this study we present prediction models for estimating in silico the cationic hydrophobicity and the cytotoxicity (log [1/EC50]) of ionic liquids (ILs) towards the Leukemia rat cell line (IPC-81), the marine bacterium Vibrio fischeri and the limnic green algae Scenedesmus vacuolatus using linear free energy relationship (LFER) descriptors computed ...
Liu Xun - - 2013
Accurate and precise estimates of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) are essential for clinical assessments, and many methods of estimation are available. We developed a radial basis function (RBF) network and assessed the performance of this method in the estimation of the GFRs of 207 patients with type-2 diabetes and CKD. ...
Sorek-Hamer M - - 2013
Satellite observations may improve the areal coverage of particulate matter (PM) air quality data that nowadays is based on surface measurements. Three statistical methods for retrieving daily PM2.5 concentrations from satellite products (MODIS-AOD, OMI-AAI) over the San Joaquin Valley (CA) are compared - Linear Regression (LR), Generalized Additive Models (GAM), ...
Feller David - - 2013
The effectiveness of the recently developed, explicitly correlated coupled cluster method CCSD(T)-F12b is examined in terms of its ability to reproduce atomization energies derived from complete basis set extrapolations of standard CCSD(T). Most of the standard method findings were obtained with aug-cc-pV7Z or aug-cc-pV8Z basis sets. For a few homonuclear ...
Ozaki Masahiro M Department of Applied Physics, Okayama University of Science, Okayama, - - 2014
We propose a new apparatus and method to estimate accurate urea reduction ratio without influence of any rebound. For this purpose, we have developed an improved version of a chemiluminescence-based urea sensor capable of measuring urea concentration in spent dialysate (CD ) at 2-min intervals. The correlation coefficient between the ...
Wirtz Tim - - 2013
Wishart random matrix theory is of major importance for the analysis of correlated time series. The distribution of the smallest eigenvalue for Wishart correlation matrices is particularly interesting in many applications. In the complex and in the real case, we calculate it exactly for arbitrary empirical eigenvalues, i.e., for fully ...
Sahu Patitapaban - - 2013
Estimation of radon emanation in uranium mines is given top priority to minimize the risk of inhalation exposure due to short-lived radon progeny. This paper describes the radon emanation studies conducted in the laboratory as well as inside an operating underground uranium mine at Jaduguda, India. Some of the important ...
Elvik Rune - - 2013
Safety-in-numbers denotes a non-linear relationship between exposure (traffic volume) and the number of accidents, characterised by declining risk as traffic volume increases. There is safety-in-numbers when the number of accidents increases less than proportional to traffic volume, e.g. a doubling of traffic volume is associated with less than a doubling ...
Deltombe R - - 2013
In order to conduct a comprehensive roughness analysis, around sixty 3D roughness parameters are created to describe most of the surface morphology with regard to specific functions, properties or applications. In this paper, a multiscale surface topography decomposition method is proposed with application to stainless steel (AISI 304), which is ...
Deter Russell L - - 2013
Abstract Objectives: To characterize second and third trimester fetal growth using Individualized Growth Assessment methods in a larger cohort of fetuses with normal neonatal growth outcomes. Methods: A prospective longitudinal study of 119 pregnancies was performed from 18 weeks, MA, to delivery. Measurements of several 2D and 3D fetal growth ...
Kuen Cheung Ying - - 2013
In the planning of a dose finding study, a primary design objective is to maintain high accuracy in terms of the probability of selecting the maximum tolerated dose. While numerous dose finding methods have been proposed in the literature, concrete guidance on sample size determination is lacking. With a motivation ...
Scavia Donald - - 2013
For almost three decades, the relative size of the hypoxic region on the Louisiana-Texas continental shelf has drawn scientific and policy attention. During that time, both simple and complex models have been used to explore hypoxia dynamics and to provide management guidance relating the size of the hypoxic zone to ...
Salahzadeh Zahra - - 2013
There are different methods to assess forward head posture (FHP) but the accuracy and discrimination ability of these methods are not clear. Here, we want to compare three postural angles for FHP assessment and also study the discrimination accuracy of three photogrammetric methods to differentiate groups categorized based on observational ...
Song W - - 2013
Absolute testing methods are commonly employed in surface metrology to calibrate the reference surface deviation and obtain the absolute deviation of the surface under test. A simple and reliable data-reduction method of absolute shift-rotation method with rotational and translational measurements is presented here, which relies on the decomposition of the ...
van Alphen M J A - - 2013
Our aim was to develop a dynamic virtual model of the oral cavity and oropharynx so that we could incorporate patient-specific factors into the prediction of functional loss after advanced resections for oral cancer. After a virtual resection, functional consequences can be assessed, and a more substantiated decision about treatment ...
Gedik O Serdar - - 2013
In robotics and augmented reality applications, model-based 3-D tracking of rigid objects is generally required. With the help of accurate pose estimates, it is required to increase reliability and decrease jitter in total. Among many solutions of pose estimation in the literature, pure vision-based 3-D trackers require either manual initializations ...
Brighton Charlotte - - 2013
Standalone 'low-cost' inertial measurement units (IMUs) could facilitate large-scale studies into establishing minimal important differences (MID) for orthopaedic deficits (lameness) in horses. We investigated accuracy and limits of agreement (LoA) after correction of magnitude-dependent differences of a standalone 6 degree-of-freedom IMU compared with an established IMU-based gait analysis system (MTx) ...
Mehta Hiren J - - 2013
An estimated 150,000 pulmonary nodules are identified each year; the number is likely to increase given the results of the National Lung Screening Trial. Decision tools are needed to help with management of such pulmonary nodules. We examined whether adding any of three novel functions of nodule volume improves the ...
Honório Thiago da Silva - - 2013
The aim of the present work was to use GastroPlus™ software for the prediction of pharmacokinetic profiles and in vitro-in vivo correlation (IVIVC) as tools to optimize the development of new generic medications. GastroPlus™ was used to simulate the gastrointestinal compartment and was based on the advanced compartmental absorption and ...
Chen Renjie - - 2013
People typically spend most of their time indoors. We modeled the daily indoor PM10 concentrations of outdoor origin using a set of exposure parameters, including the fraction of residences with air conditionings (AC), the fraction of time that windows are closed when cooling occurs for buildings with AC, the fractions ...
Harris Robert C - - 2013
Grid-based solvers of the Poisson-Boltzmann, PB, equation are routinely used to estimate electrostatic binding, ΔΔGel, and solvation, ΔGel, free energies. The accuracies of such estimates are subject to grid discretization errors from the finite difference approximation to the PB equation. Here, we show that the grid discretization errors in ΔΔGel ...
Luna Ana - - 2013
We investigate the iridescence exhibited by Ceroglossus suturalis beetles, which mostly live endemically in the southern end of South America. Two differently colored specimens have been studied. We observed and characterized the samples by different microscopy techniques, which revealed a multilayer structure within their cuticle. Using measured reflectance spectra as ...
Van Norman Ethan R - - 2013
This study examined the effect of baseline estimation on the quality of trend estimates derived from Curriculum Based Measurement of Oral Reading (CBM-R) progress monitoring data. The authors used a linear mixed effects regression (LMER) model to simulate progress monitoring data for schedules ranging from 6-20 weeks for datasets with ...
Faber Gert S - - 2013
A novel method for assessing the accuracy of inertial/magnetic sensors is presented. The method, referred to as the "residual matrix" method, is advantageous because it decouples the sensor's error with respect to Earth's gravity vector (attitude residual error: pitch and roll) from the sensor's error with respect to magnetic north ...
Samavati Vahid - - 2013
Optimization for retention and partition coefficient of ethyl acetate in emulsion model systems was investigated using response surface methodology in this paper. The effects of emulsion model ingredients, tragacanth gum (TG) (0.5-1wt%), whey protein isolate (WPI) (2-4wt%) and oleic acid (5-10%, v/v) on retention and partition coefficient of ethyl acetate ...
Convertino Victor A - - 2013
Trauma patients with 'compensated' internal hemorrhage may not be identified using standard medical monitors until signs of shock appear, at which point it may be difficult or too late to pursue life-saving interventions. We tested the hypothesis that a novel machine-learning model called the Compensatory Reserve Index (CRI) could differentiate ...
Guan Xuefei - - 2013
Damage diagnosis for turbine rotors plays an essential role in power plant management. Ultrasonic non-destructive examinations (NDEs) have increasingly been utilized as an effective tool to provide comprehensive information for damage diagnosis. This study presents a general methodology of damage diagnosis for turbine rotors using three-dimensional adaptive ultrasonic NDE data ...
Schau Kyle - - 2013
The following report details the findings of a series of experiments and simulations performed on a commercially available, shuttle style golf cart during several maneuvers involving rapid accelerations of the vehicle. It is determined that the current set of passive restraints on these types of golf carts are not adequate ...
Martinez Edson Z - - 2013
The cure fraction models are usually used to model lifetime time data with long-term survivors. In the present article, we introduce a Bayesian analysis of the four-parameter generalized modified Weibull (GMW) distribution in presence of cure fraction, censored data and covariates. In order to include the proportion of "cured" patients, ...
Aguirre Erik - - 2013
Abstract In this article, the impact of topology as well as morphology of a complex indoor environment such as a commercial aircraft in the estimation of dosimetric assessment is presented. By means of an in-house developed deterministic 3D ray-launching code, estimation of electric field amplitude as a function of position ...
Zhang Meijing - - 2013
Parameter estimation codes such as UCODE_2005 are becoming well-known tools in groundwater modeling investigations. These programs estimate important parameter values such as transmissivity (T) and aquifer storage values (Sa ) from known observations of hydraulic head, flow, or other physical quantities. One drawback inherent in these codes is that the ...
Le Sang N - - 2013
Origamic architecture (OA) is a form of papercraft that involves cutting and folding a single sheet of paper to produce a 3D pop-up, and is commonly used to depict architectural structures. Because of the strict geometric and physical constraints, OA design requires considerable skill and effort. In this paper, we ...
Lee Byeonghun - - 2013
Preintegrated volume rendering produces high-quality renderings without increased sampling rates. However, a look-up table of a conventional preintegrated volume rendering requires a dimensionality of two, which disturbs interactive renderings when the transfer function is changed. Furthermore, as the resolution of the volume data set increases, the memory space required is ...
Zhang Yubo - - 2013
We present a framework for precomputed volume radiance transfer that achieves real-time rendering of global illumination effects for volume data sets such as multiple scattering, volumetric shadows, and so on. Our approach incorporates the volumetric photon mapping method into the classical precomputed radiance transfer pipeline. We contribute several techniques for ...
McNaughton Michael - - 2013
Versions of the computer program, CAP88, are widely used to calculate the radiological doses from radionuclides emitted into the air. CAP88-PC Version-3 includes an extensive library of radionuclides, but there are many more that are not included. Surrogates are often used to substitute for nuclides not in the library, though ...
Ewing James R - - 2013
A review of the selection of models in dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) is conducted, with emphasis on the balance between the bias and variance required to produce stable and accurate estimates of vascular parameters. The vascular parameters considered as a first-order model are the forward volume transfer constant K(trans) , ...
Docherty Paul D - - 2013
Accurate model parameter identification relies on accurate forward model simulations to guide convergence. However, some forward simulation methodologies lack the precision required to properly define the local objective surface and can cause failed parameter identification. The role of objective surface smoothness in identification of a pulmonary mechanics model was assessed ...
Rand Alexander - - 2013
In a similar fashion to estimates shown for Harmonic, Wachspress, and Sibson coordinates in [Gillette et al., AiCM, to appear], we prove interpolation error estimates for the mean value coordinates on convex polygons suitable for standard finite element analysis. Our analysis is based on providing a uniform bound on the ...
Marcilio Izabel - - 2013
This study aimed to develop different models to forecast the daily number of patients seeking emergency department (ED) care in a general hospital according to calendar variables and ambient temperature readings and to compare the models in terms of forecasting accuracy. The authors developed and tested six different models of ...
Krioukov Dmitri - - 2013
In statistical physics any given system can be either at an equilibrium or away from it. Networks are not an exception. Most network models can be classified as either equilibrium or growing. Here we show that under certain conditions there exists an equilibrium formulation for any growing network model, and ...
Chang Lo-Bin - - 2013
Starting from a robust, nonparametric definition of large returns ("excursions"), we study the statistics of their occurrences, focusing on the recurrence process. The empirical waiting-time distribution between excursions is remarkably invariant to year, stock, and scale (return interval). This invariance is related to self-similarity of the marginal distributions of returns, ...
Zollanvari Amin - - 2013
We provide a fundamental theorem that can be used in conjunction with Kolmogorov asymptotic conditions to derive the first moments of well-known estimators of the actual error rate in linear discriminant analysis of a multivariate Gaussian model under the assumption of a common known covariance matrix. The estimators studied in ...
Liu Z-Y - - 2013
A three-dimensional ray-tracing model for the use of the uniform theory of diffraction and geometrical optics in radio channel characterizations of indoor environments is presented in this paper. Based on the environment information chosen by the proposed modeling approach, the model is effectively applied by utilizing a technique in which ...
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