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Korakakis Vasileios V Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Thessaly, Karyes 42100 Trikala, Greece; CE.RE.TE.TH, Trikala, Greece. Electronic address: - - 2014
Sitting posture predominates in lifestyle and workplace, but quantitative postural designation is limited due to divergence of methodology used in the studies. To date, no study has investigated the upper body's habitual or a predetermined sitting posture in healthy individuals assessing together pelvis, spine and head. The objectives were (i) ...
Barros S S Instituto Superior Técnico, CTN, Estrada Nacional 10 (ao km 139,7), Bobadela LRS 2695-066, - - 2014
This work compares the results of four different unfolding codes, MSANDB, MAXED, FRUIT and BONMA, which are based on different unfolding techniques. Additionally, Bayesian parameter estimation is also considered. All unfolding codes were supplied with the same set of input data acquired at the Environmental Research Station 'Schneefernerhaus' on the ...
Swaminathan Hariharan H University of Connecticut, Department of Educational Psychology, U-3064, Storrs, CT 06269, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This article describes a linear modeling approach for the analysis of single-case designs (SCDs). Effect size measures in SCDs have been defined and studied for the situation where there is a level change without a time trend. However, when there are level and trend changes, effect size measures are either ...
Westgate Philip M PM Department of Biostatistics, College of Public Health, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40536, - - 2014
Generalized estimating equations (GEE) are commonly used for the marginal analysis of correlated data, although the quadratic inference function (QIF) approach is an alternative that is increasing in popularity. This method optimally combines distinct sets of unbiased estimating equations that are based upon a working correlation structure, therefore asymptotically increasing ...
Ando Ryosuke R Graduate School of Education and Human Development, Nagoya University, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine the validity of fascicle length estimation in the vastus lateralis (VL) and vastus intermedius (VI) using ultrasonography. The fascicle lengths of the VL and VI muscles were measured directly (dFL) using calipers, and were estimated (estmFL) using ultrasonography, in 10 legs from ...
Lindner C C Centre for Imaging Sciences, The University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PT, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
In total hip arthroplasty, the shape of the contra-lateral femur frequently serves as a template for preoperative planning. Previous research on contra-lateral femoral symmetry has been based on conventional hip geometric measurements (which reduce shape to a series of linear measurements) and did not take the effect of subject positioning ...
Wand Handan H The Kirby Institute, University of New South Wales, Sydney, - - 2014
Graphical representation of data is one of the most easily comprehended forms of explanation. The current study describes a simple visualization tool which may allow greater understanding of medical and epidemiological data. We propose a simple tool for visualization of data, known as a "quilt plot", that provides an alternative ...
Wan Jian J Control Systems Center, School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, The University of Manchester, Manchester, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Batch processes are commonly characterized by uneven trajectories due to the existence of batch-to-batch variations. The batch end-product quality is usually measured at the end of these uneven trajectories. It is necessary to align the time differences for both the measured trajectories and the batch end-product quality in order to ...
Perdikaris Paris P Division of Applied Mathematics, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA, - - 2014
In this work we employ integer- and fractional-order viscoelastic models in a one-dimensional blood flow solver, and study their behavior by presenting an in-silico study on a large patient-specific cranial network. The use of fractional-order models is motivated by recent experimental studies indicating that such models provide a new flexible ...
Plaisier A A Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Erasmus Medical Center-Sophia, Rotterdam, The Netherlands; Departments of Radiology and Neonatology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands; Department of Pediatrics, Koningin Paola Children's Hospital, Antwerp, Belgium; and Image Sciences Institute, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The - - 2014
Neonatal DTI enables quantitative assessment of microstructural brain properties. Although its use is increasing, it is not widely known that vast differences in tractography results can occur, depending on the diffusion tensor estimation methodology used. Current clinical work appears to be insufficiently focused on data quality and processing of neonatal ...
- - 2014
An extension of the VALBOND-trans force field for iridium complexes is introduced by Franziska Hofmann, Michael Devereux, Andreas Pfaltz, and Markus Meuwly on page 18. Newly fitted, transferable parameters capture the structure and interactions of a chemically diverse set of ligands, depicted on the cover using the electrostatic potential of ...
Nery Júnior Gesner A GA Departamento de Engenharia Química, Escola Politécnica, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Rua Aristides Novis 2, 40210-630 Salvador-BA, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
This paper describes the development of a method to optimally tune constrained MPC algorithms with model uncertainty. The proposed method is formulated by using the worst-case control scenario, which is characterized by the Morari resiliency index and the condition number, and a given nonlinear multi-objective performance criterion. The resulting constrained ...
Reinert Regina M RM Center for Disability and Integration (CDI-HSG), University of St. Gallen, Rosenbergstrasse 51, 9000, St. Gallen, Switzerland, - - 2014
A spatial representation of number magnitude, aka the mental number line, is considered one of the basic numerical representations. One way to assess it is number line estimation (e.g., positioning 43 on a number line ranging from 0 to 100). Recently, a new unbounded version of the number line estimation ...
Pensis Ingeborg I Sibelco Europe MineralsPlus (Ankerpoort NV), Op de Bos 300, NL-6223 EP Maastricht, The - - 2014
In accordance with the European regulation for classification, labelling and packaging of substances and mixtures (CLP) as well as the criteria as set out in the Globally Harmonized System (GHS), fine fraction of crystalline silica (CS) has been classified as a specific target organ toxicity, the specific organ in this ...
Nicolaï Bart M BM BIOSYST-MeBioS, KU Leuven, 3001 Leuven, Belgium; email: - - 2014
We review nondestructive techniques for measuring internal and external quality attributes of fruit and vegetables, such as color, size and shape, flavor, texture, and absence of defects. The different techniques are organized according to their physical measurement principle. We first describe each technique and then list some examples. As many ...
Tattersall Ian - - 2014
Nobody disputes that nature is meaningfully "packaged" in some way. But debate persists over exactly how (and even whether) the boundaries dividing taxa should (can) be drawn. At one end of the scale, some zealots abstrusely deny real existence to higher taxa.(1) At the other, laborers at the taxonomic rock-face ...
Nakao Megumi M Graduate School of Informatics, Kyoto University, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
This paper introduces a new design and application for direct volume manipulation for visualizing the intraoperative liver resection process. So far, interactive volume deformation and resection have been independently handled due to the difficulty of representing elastic behavior of volumetric objects. Our framework models global shape editing and discontinuous local ...
Wallace David J DJ Clinical Research, Investigation and Systems Modeling of Acute Illness (CRISMA) Center, the Department of Critical Care Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA; The Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, - - 2014
Estimates of prehospital transport times are an important part of emergency care system research and planning; however, the accuracy of these estimates is unknown. The authors examined the accuracy of three estimation methods against observed transport times in a large cohort of prehospital patient transports. This was a validation study ...
Lang Song-Yun SY Chongqing Museum of Natural History, Beibei, Chongqing, 400700, China.; Email: - - 2014
Joicey & Talbot (1921) described 2 new species and 19 new subspecies of butterflies and one new subspecies of Zygaenidae from Hainan Island, China. The specimens studied by Joicey & Talbot from Hainan were obtained by Charles Talbot Bowring (1862-1932) between the years 1918 and 1920. Bowring, who also used ...
Joseph Leonard H LH Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Associated Medical Sciences, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand; Physiotherapy Program, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, - - 2014
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the intra- and inter-rater reliability of ultrasonography (US) to measure anterior translation of the humeral head (ATHH) among healthy subjects and patients with sacroiliac joint dysfunction. Methods: The study included a total of 22 shoulder joints from 11 subjects. Six subjects ...
Chebrolu Venkata V VV Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA ; Department of Human Oncology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53792, USA ; Wisconsin Institute of Medical Research, 1111 Highland Avenue, Madison, WI 53705, - - 2014
Purpose. To achieve rapid automated delineation of gross target volume (GTV) and to quantify changes in volume/position of the target for radiotherapy planning using four-dimensional (4D) CT. Methods and Materials. Novel morphological processing and successive localization (MPSL) algorithms were designed and implemented for achieving autosegmentation. Contours automatically generated using MPSL ...
Dai Zhenxue Z Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM - - 2014
Carbon sequestration in geologic reservoirs is an important approach for mitigating greenhouse gases emissions to the atmosphere. This study first develops an integrated Monte Carlo method for simulating CO2 and brine leakage from carbon sequestration and subsequent geochemical interactions in shallow aquifers. Then, we estimate probability distributions of five risk ...
Hou Hailong H 0000-0003-3250-3967 School of Mathematics and Statistics, Henan University of Science and Technology, Luoyang, Henan 471003, - - 2014
A graph X is said to be End-completely-regular (resp., End-inverse) if its endomorphism monoid End(X) is completely regular (resp., inverse). In this paper, we will show that if X[Y] is End-completely-regular (resp., End-inverse), then both X and Y are End-completely-regular (resp., End-inverse). We give several approaches to construct new End-completely-regular ...
Ta Vinh-Thong - - 2014
Automatic segmentation methods are important tools for quantitative analysis of magnetic resonance images. Recently, patch-based label fusion approaches demonstrated state-of-the-art segmentation accuracy. In this paper, we introduce a new patch-based method using the PatchMatch algorithm to perform segmentation of anatomical structures. Based on an Optimized PAtchMatch Label fusion (OPAL) strategy, ...
Guan Qiu Q College of Computer Science, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310023, - - 2014
Scalp soft tissue expansion is one of the key medical techniques to generate new skin tissue for correcting various abnormalities and defects of skin in plastic surgery. Therefore, it is very important to work out the appropriate approach to evaluate the increase of expanded scalp area and to predict the ...
Wu Lingfei L Baidu Inc., Baidu Campus, Haidian District, Beijing, P. R. China; School of Human Evolution and Social Change, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, United States of America; Center for the Study of Institutional Diversity, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, United States of - - 2014
We view web forums as virtual living organisms feeding on user's clicks and investigate how they grow at the expense of clickstreams. We find that [Formula: see text] (the number of page views in a given time period) and [Formula: see text] (the number of unique visitors in the time ...
Lee Sanghyuk S 0000-0003-0253-6936 Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, Suzhou 215123, - - 2014
Research on fault detection algorithm was developed with the similarity measure and random forest algorithm. The organized algorithm was applied to unmanned aircraft vehicle (UAV) that was readied by us. Similarity measure was designed by the help of distance information, and its usefulness was also verified by proof. Fault decision ...
Zhao Zhibiao Z Penn State - - 2014
We study non-parametric regression function estimation for models with strong dependence. Compared with short-range dependent models, long-range dependent models often result in slower convergence rates. We propose a simple differencing-sequence based non-parametric estimator that achieves the same convergence rate as if the data were independent. Simulation studies show that the ...
Zuo Jieyu J 0000-0001-8097-2173 Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada T6G - - 2014
When a new oral dosage form is developed, its dissolution behavior must be quantitatively analyzed. Dissolution analysis involves a comparison of the dissolution profiles and the application of mathematical models to describe the drug release pattern. This report aims to assess the application of the DDSolver, an Excel add-in software ...
Kamisetty Hetunandan H Department of Biochemistry, University of - - 2014
In studying the strength and specificity of interaction between members of two protein families, key questions center on which pairs of possible partners actually interact, how well they interact, and why they interact while others do not. The advent of large-scale experimental studies of interactions between members of a target ...
Ren Yong Y College of Communication Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China. - - 2014
This paper proposes an approach for measuring the azimuth angle and tilt angle of underground drilling tools with a MEMS three-axis accelerometer and a three-axis fluxgate sensor. A mathematical model of well logging attitude angle is deduced based on combining space coordinate transformations and algebraic equations. In addition, a system ...
Zaal Frank T J M FT Center for Human Movement Sciences, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The - - 2014
The classic understanding of prehension is that of coordinated reaching and grasping. An alternative view is that the grasping in prehension emerges from independently controlled individual digit movements (the double-pointing model). The current study tested this latter model in bimanual prehension: participants had to grasp an object between their two ...
Yoshida Kenichiro K Kao Corporation, Beauty Research Center, 2-1-3 Bunka, Sumida-ku, Tokyo 131-8501, - - 2014
ABSTRACT. To quantitatively evaluate skin chromophores over a wide region of curved skin surface, we propose an approach that suppresses the effect of the shading-derived error in the reflectance on the estimation of chromophore concentrations, without sacrificing the accuracy of that estimation. In our method, we use multiple regression analysis, ...
Tjong Willy W Musculoskeletal Quantitative Imaging Research Group, Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California, San Francisco, California - - 2014
Purpose: The investigation of cortical porosity is an important aspect of understanding biological, pathoetiological, and biomechanical processes occurring within the skeleton. With the emergence of HR-pQCT as a noninvasive tool suitable for clinical use, cortical porosity at appendicular sites can be directly visualized in vivo. The aim of this study ...
Huber Stefan S Knowledge Media Research Center, Tuebingen Germany ; Department of Psychology, Eberhard Karls University, Tuebingen - - 2014
Decimal fractions comply with the base-10 notational system of natural Arabic numbers. Nevertheless, recent research suggested that decimal fractions may be represented differently than natural numbers because two number processing effects (i.e., semantic interference and compatibility effects) differed in their size between decimal fractions and natural numbers. In the present ...
Zhu Ailing A School of Mathematical Sciences, Shandong Normal University, Jinan 250014, - - 2014
We present the semidiscrete and the backward Euler fully discrete discontinuous mixed covolume schemes for parabolic problems on triangular meshes. We give the error analysis of the discontinuous mixed covolume schemes and obtain optimal order error estimates in discontinuous H(div) and first-order error estimate in L (2).
Szpala Stanislaw S BC Cancer Agency (Fraser Valley Centre). - - 2014
Partial transmission through rounded leaf ends of Varian multileaf collimators (MLC) is accounted for with a parameter called the dosimetric leaf gap (DLG). Verification of the value of the DLG is needed when the dose delivery is accompanied by gantry rotation in VMAT plans. We compared the doses measured with ...
Shi Bao B Institute of System Science and Mathematics, Naval Aeronautical and Astronautical University, Yantai 264001, - - 2014
This paper extends the conventional Model Reference Adaptive Control systems to fractional ones based on the theory of fractional calculus. A control law and an incommensurate fractional adaptation law are designed for the fractional plant and the fractional reference model. The stability and tracking convergence are analyzed using the frequency ...
Cardenas Valerie A VA Neurobehavioral Research, Inc., Ala Moana Pacific Center, 1585 Kapiolani Blvd., Suite 1030, Honolulu, HI 96814, - - 2014
To validate an automated cerebellar segmentation method based on active shape and appearance modeling and then segment the cerebellum on images acquired from adolescents with histories of prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) and non-exposed controls (NC). Automated segmentations of the total cerebellum, right and left cerebellar hemispheres, and three vermal lobes ...
Pietro Cipresso C Applied Technology for Neuro-Psychology Laboratory (IRCCS Istituto Auxologico Italiano), Via Pellizza da Volpedo 41, 20149 Milan, - - 2014
Everyone is interested in the pursuit of happiness, but the real problem for the researchers is how to measure it. Our aim was to deeply investigate happiness measurement through biomedical signals, using psychophysiological methods to objectify the happiness experiences measurements. The classic valence-arousal model of affective states to study happiness ...
Martinho Nuno N Research Institute for Medicines (iMed.ULisboa), Faculty of Pharmacy, Universidade de Lisboa, Av. Professor Gama Pinto, Lisbon 1649-003, - - 2014
Molecular modeling techniques provide a powerful tool to study the properties of molecules and their interactions at the molecular level. The use of computational techniques to predict interaction patterns and molecular properties can inform the design of drug delivery systems and therapeutic agents. Dendrimers are hyperbranched macromolecular structures that comprise ...
Park No-Wook NW 0000-0002-9778-3624 Department of Geoinformatic Engineering, Inha University, Incheon 402-751, Republic of - - 2014
This paper compares the predictive performance of different geostatistical kriging algorithms for intertidal surface sediment facies mapping using grain size data. Indicator kriging, which maps facies types from conditional probabilities of predefined facies types, is first considered. In the second approach, grain size fractions are first predicted using cokriging and ...
Feischl M M Institute for Analysis and Scientific Computing, Vienna University of Technology, Wiedner Hauptstraße 8-10, A-1040 Wien, - - 2014
We consider the solution of a second order elliptic PDE with inhomogeneous Dirichlet data by means of adaptive lowest-order FEM. As is usually done in practice, the given Dirichlet data are discretized by nodal interpolation. As model example serves the Poisson equation with mixed Dirichlet-Neumann boundary conditions. For error estimation, ...
Zhang Jie J Laboratory of Seismology and Physics of Earth's Interior, School of Earth and Space Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026, P.R. - - 2014
When an earthquake occurs, seismologists want to use recorded seismograms to infer its location, magnitude and source-focal mechanism as quickly as possible. If such information could be determined immediately, timely evacuations and emergency actions could be undertaken to mitigate earthquake damage. Current advanced methods can report the initial location and ...
Jung Kyung-Mi KM Institute of Marine Research (IMR) and Hjort Centre for Marine Ecosystem Dynamics, Bergen, Norway; Department of Biology, University of Bergen, Bergen, - - 2014
It is generally accepted that the high buoyancy of pelagic marine eggs is due to substantial influx of water across the cell membrane just before ovulation. Here we further develop the theoretical basis by applying laboratory observations of the various components of the fertilized egg in first-principle equations for egg ...
Vashisht Priyanka P Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Amity School of Engineering and Technology, Bijwasan, New Delhi 110061, - - 2014
In data grids scientific and business applications produce huge volume of data which needs to be transferred among the distributed and heterogeneous nodes of data grids. Data replication provides a solution for managing data files efficiently in large grids. The data replication helps in enhancing the data availability which reduces ...
Lotfi Taher T Department of Mathematics, Hamedan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Hamedan 68138, - - 2014
It is attempted to present an efficient and free derivative class of Steffensen-like methods for solving nonlinear equations. To this end, firstly, we construct an optimal eighth-order three-step uniparameter without memory of iterative methods. Then the self-accelerator parameter is estimated using Newton's interpolation in such a way that it improves ...
Nester Christopher J CJ School of Health Sciences, University of Salford, PO 32 Brian Blatchford Building, Salford, M6 6PU - - 2014
Understanding motion in the normal healthy foot is a prerequisite for understanding the effects of pathology and thereafter setting targets for interventions. Quality foot kinematic data from healthy feet will also assist the development of high quality and research based clinical models of foot biomechanics. To address gaps in the ...
Marković Dana D DD 0000-0002-6033-5457 Faculty of Technology and Metallurgy, University of Belgrade, Karnegijeva 4, 11000 Belgrade, - - 2014
Numerous regression approaches to isotherm parameters estimation appear in the literature. The real insight into the proper modeling pattern can be achieved only by testing methods on a very big number of cases. Experimentally, it cannot be done in a reasonable time, so the Monte Carlo simulation method was applied. ...
Wang Jinfeng J School of Statistics and Mathematics, Inner Mongolia University of Finance and Economics, Hohhot 010070, - - 2014
We propose and analyze a new expanded mixed element method, whose gradient belongs to the simple square integrable space instead of the classical H(div; Ω) space of Chen's expanded mixed element method. We study the new expanded mixed element method for convection-dominated Sobolev equation, prove the existence and uniqueness for finite ...
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