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Chai C - - 2013
At intersection, vehicles coming from different directions conflict with each other. Improper geometric design and signal settings at signalized intersection will increase occurrence of conflicts between road users and results in a reduction of the safety level. This study established a cellular automata (CA) model to simulate vehicular interactions involving ...
Xu Changhai C Key Laboratory of Eco-textiles (Ministry of Education), College of Textiles and Clothing, Jiangnan University, 1800 Lihu Avenue, Wuxi, Jiangsu 214122, - - 2014
The sorption data of an anionic dye on cellulose fiber are often correlated with a log-linear model to determine the internal accessible volume of the fiber to the anionic dye (V, L/kg) and as such the standard affinity of the anionic dye to the fiber (-Δμ°, J/mol), but without taking ...
Seidel Jason A - - 2013
Abstract Objective: The measurement of clinical change via single-group pre-post effect size has become increasingly common in psychotherapy settings that collect practice-based evidence and engage in feedback-informed treatment. Different methods of calculating effect size for the same sample of clients and the same measure can lead to wide-ranging results, reducing ...
Jun Dong D College of Science, Air Force Engineering University, Xi'an, 710051 China ; The First Aeronautical Institute of Air Force, Xinyang, 464000 Henan - - 2014
Previous experimental work has shown that the firing rate of multiple time-scales of adaptation for single rat neocortical pyramidal neurons is consistent with fractional-order differentiation, and the fractional-order neuronal models depict the firing rate of neurons more verifiably than other models do. For this reason, the dynamic characteristics of the ...
Mezer Aviv - - 2013
Here, we describe a quantitative neuroimaging method to estimate the macromolecular tissue volume (MTV), a fundamental measure of brain anatomy. By making measurements over a range of field strengths and scan parameters, we tested the key assumptions and the robustness of the method. The measurements confirm that a consistent quantitative ...
Zollanvari Amin - - 2013
This paper provides exact analytical expressions for the first and second moments of the true error for linear discriminant analysis (LDA) when the data are univariate and taken from two stochastic Gaussian processes. The key point is that we assume a general setting in which the sample data from each ...
Vallejo Seco Guillermo - - 2013
Background: Likelihood-based methods can work poorly when the residuals are not normally distributed and the variances across clusters are heterogeneous. Method: The performance of two estimation methods, the non-parametric residual bootstrap (RB) and the restricted maximum likelihood (REML) for fitting multilevel models are compared through simulation studies in terms of ...
Montaño Moreno Juan J - - 2013
Background: The mean absolute percentage error (MAPE) is probably the most widely used goodness-of-fit measure. However, it does not meet the validity criterion due to the fact that the distribution of the absolute percentage errors is usually skewed to the right, with the presence of outlier values. In these cases, ...
Astley H C - - 2013
Maximal performance is an essential metric for understanding many aspects of an organism's biology, but it can be difficult to determine because a measured maximum may reflect only a peak level of effort, not a physiological limit. We used a unique opportunity provided by a frog jumping contest to evaluate ...
Harris Danielle - - 2013
Automated methods were developed to detect fin whale calls recorded by an array of ocean bottom seismometers (OBSs) deployed off the Portuguese coast between 2007 and 2008. Using recordings collected on a single day in January 2008, a standard seismological method for estimating earthquake location from single instruments, the three-component ...
Tsai Yu-Ting - - 2013
This article presents an inverse method for estimating the electromechanical parameters of a moving-coil loudspeaker with or without the eddy current and suspension creep effects. With known voice-coil displacement, voice-coil current, and stimulus signal as inputs, four calculation procedures for the direct problem, adjoint problem, sensitivity problem, and conjugate gradient ...
Helble Tyler A - - 2013
This paper demonstrates the importance of accounting for environmental effects on passive underwater acoustic monitoring results. The situation considered is the reduction in shipping off the California coast between 2008-2010 due to the recession and environmental legislation. The resulting variations in ocean noise change the probability of detecting marine mammal ...
Scalco Elisa - - 2013
During radiotherapy (RT) for head-and-neck cancer, parotid glands undergo significant anatomic, functional and structural changes which could characterize pre-clinical signs of an increased risk of xerostomia. Texture analysis is proposed to assess structural changes of parotids induced by RT, and to investigate whether early variations of textural parameters (such as ...
de Sèze M - - 2013
The objective of this work was to analyze the inter-observer reproducibility of an upright posture designed to bring out the thoracic humps by folding the upper limbs. The effect of this posture on back surface parameters was also compared with two standard radiological postures. A back surface topography was performed ...
Aaltonen T - - 2013
We report a measurement of the differential cross section dσ/d(cos⁡θ_{t}) for top-quark pair production as a function of the top-quark production angle in proton-antiproton collisions at sqrt[s]=1.96  TeV. This measurement is performed using data collected with the CDF II detector at the Tevatron, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 9.4  fb^{-1}. We ...
Brandl Simon Johannes - - 2013
1.Detailed knowledge of a species' functional niche is crucial for the study of ecological communities and processes. The extent of niche overlap, functional redundancy and functional complementarity are of particular importance if we are to understand ecosystem processes and their vulnerability to disturbances. 2.Coral reefs are among the most threatened ...
Bartolucci Francesco - - 2013
Abstract We develop the recursion for hidden Markov (HM) models proposed by Bartolucci and Besag ( 2002 ), and we show how it may be used to implement an estimation algorithm for these models that requires an amount of memory not depending on the length of the observed series of ...
Goracci Cecilia - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To assess the reproducibility of cephalometric measurements performed with software for a tablet, with a program for personal computers (PCs), and manually. Materials and Methods: The pretreatment lateral cephalograms of 20 patients that were acquired using the same digital cephalometer were collected. Tracings were performed with NemoCeph for ...
Hata Hiroki H Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Ehime University 2-5 Bunkyo, Matsuyama, Ehime, 790-8577, - - 2013
The left-right asymmetry of scale-eating Tanganyikan cichlids is described as a unilateral topographical shift of the quadratomandibular joints. This morphological laterality has a genetic basis and has therefore been used as a model for studying negative frequency-dependent selection and the resulting oscillation in frequencies of two genotypes, lefty and righty, ...
Lindenstrand David D Department of Mathematics, Stockholm university, SE-10691 Stockholm, - - 2013
Data, on the number of infected, gathered from a large epidemic outbreak can be used to estimate parameters related to the strength and speed of the spread. The Malthusian parameter, which determines the initial growth rate of the epidemic is often of crucial interest. Using a simple epidemic SEIR model ...
Zhu Bin - - 2013
In this paper, we explore the ranking methods with hesitant fuzzy preference relations (HFPRs) in the group decision making environments. As basic elements of hesitant fuzzy sets, hesitant fuzzy elements (HFEs) usually have different numbers of possible values. In order to compute or compare HFEs, we have two principles to ...
Bénard-Valle Melisa - - 2013
The objective of this study was to identify the venom components that could play a relevant role during envenomation caused by the coral snake Micrurus tener, through its biochemical characterization as well as the analysis of its effects on a murine model. Furthermore, it aimed to evaluate crude venom, in ...
Gustin Jeffery L - - 2013
Maize kernel density impacts milling quality of the grain. Kernel density of bulk samples can be predicted by near infrared reflectance (NIR) spectroscopy, but no accurate method to measure individual kernel density has been reported. We demonstrate that individual kernel density and volume are accurately measured using x-ray micro-computed tomography ...
Zhu Feng - - 2013
Study Design. Cross-sectional studyObjective. To establish a statistic model defining the relationship between L5 incidence (L5I) and pelvic incidence (PI) in normal population and to illustrate the importance of L5I in maintaining the normal sagittal profile of spine.Summary of Background Data. L5I was proposed for the evaluation of post-operative improvements ...
Hampton Paul - - 2013
Small body size imposes limitations on the feeding capabilities of juveniles, particularly species that consume their prey whole. It has been hypothesized that juveniles exhibit exceptional performance measures to compensate for their small size. However, few studies have examined if juveniles have better feeding performance relative to adults. Investigations of ...
Omidvarnia Amir - - 2013
This study aimed to develop a time-frequency method that can measure directional interactions over time and frequency from scalp-recorded electroencephalographic (EEG) signals in a way that is less affected by volume conduction and amplitude scaling. We modified the time-varying generalized partial directed coherence (tv-gPDC) method, by orthogonalization of the strictly-causal ...
Reynard Fabienne - - 2013
Repetitive falls degrade the quality of life of elderly people and of patients suffering of various neurological disorders. In order to prevent falls while walking, one should rely on relevant early indicators of impaired dynamic balance. The local dynamic stability (LDS) represents the sensitivity of gait to small perturbations: divergence ...
Herold Ingeborg Hf - - 2013
Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) has recently been proposed as a minimally- invasive, alternative method for blood volume measurement. This study aims at comparing the accuracy of CEUS and the classical thermodilution techniques for volume assessment in an in-vitro set-up. The in-vitro set-up consisted of a variable network between an inflow and ...
Bell M J - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare the effect of changing a range of biological traits on farm net income and greenhouse gas emissions (expressed in carbon dioxide equivalents, CO2-eq.) in the Australian dairy cow population. An average cow was modeled, using breed-average information for Holsteins and Jerseys from ...
Tomoshige Sho - - 2013
This paper presents a novel conditional statistical shape model in which the condition can be relaxed instead of being treated as a hard constraint. The major contribution of this paper is the integration of an error model that estimates the reliability of the observed conditional features and subsequently relaxes the ...
Jennen-Steinmetz Christine - - 2013
Accuracy and sample size issues concerning the estimation of covariate-dependent quantile curves are considered. It is proposed to measure the precision of an estimate of the pth quantile at a given covariate value by the probability with which this estimate lies between the p1 th and p2 th quantile, where ...
Müller Hajo - - 2013
Real time full-volume 3D echocardiography (3DE) allows rapid and noninvasive measurement of left (LA) and right atrial (RA) volume without geometric assumptions. Different algorithms from different commercial providers are available. Older software requires manual tracing of endocardial contours. Recently, software with semiautomatic endocardial contour-finding algorithms has become available, which considerably ...
Chan Ching-Chao - - 2013
The steady-state passive joint moment was considered as a non-linear elasticity in the past. However, we found that it was path dependent and the estimation error could be large if the commonly used path-independent functions were adopted. The aim of this study was to develop a model to describe the ...
Zhang Xuemao - - 2013
In this paper, we develop a Gaussian estimation (GE) procedure to estimate the parameters of a regression model for correlated (longitudinal) binary response data using a working correlation matrix. A two-step iterative procedure is proposed for estimating the regression parameters by the GE method and the correlation parameters by the ...
Carbonell F - - 2013
The effect of regressing out the global average signal (GAS) in resting state fMRI data has become a concern for interpreting functional connectivity analyses. It is not clear whether the reported anti-correlations between the Default Mode and the Dorsal Attention Networks are intrinsic to the brain, or artificially created by ...
Tai Wei - - 2013
Abstract Background: Midazolam apparent oral clearance (CLORAL) is used to estimate intestinal and hepatic cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A activity. A limited sampling approach was performed to access a midazolam partial area under the concentration time curve (AUC) to estimate CLORAL. Methods: Midazolam plasma concentrations from healthy adults were obtained during ...
Chen Xin - - 2013
Statistical analysis of motion patterns of body joints is potentially useful for detecting and quantifying pathologies. However, building a statistical motion model across different subjects remains a challenging task, especially for a complex joint like the wrist. We present a novel framework for simultaneous registration and segmentation of multiple 3D ...
Cai Chao - - 2013
Due to advances in medical research, more and more diseases can be cured nowadays, which largely increases the need for an easy-to-use software in calculating sample size of clinical trials with cure fractions. Current available sample size software, such as PROC POWER in SAS, Survival Analysis module in PASS, powerSurvEpi ...
Howe Laura D - - 2013
Childhood growth is of interest in medical research concerned with determinants and consequences of variation from healthy growth and development. Linear spline multilevel modelling is a useful approach for deriving individual summary measures of growth, which overcomes several data issues (co-linearity of repeat measures, the requirement for all individuals to ...
Stroom Joep - - 2013
To develop a combined recipe for clinical target volume (CTV) and planning target volume (PTV) margins. A widely accepted PTV margin recipe is Mgeo = aΣgeo + bσgeo, with Σgeo and σgeo standard deviations (SDs) representing systematic and random geometric uncertainties, respectively. On the basis of histopathology data of breast ...
Rex Douglas K - - 2013
Endoscopic measurement of colorectal polyps by using open forceps is commonly used in clinical trials but is subject to several sources of error. Assess error rates in polyp size determination with open forceps at the step of measurement after the forceps are aligned on the polyp. This was a prospective assessment ...
Szczesniak Rhonda D - - 2013
Detecting the onset of rapid lung function decline is important to reduce mortality rates in cystic fibrosis (CF) and other lung diseases. The most common approach is conventional linear mixed modeling-estimating a population-level slope of lung function decline and using random effects to address serial correlation-but this ignores nonlinear features ...
Smith Alastair D - - 2013
Efficient daily navigation is underpinned by path integration, the mechanism by which we use self-movement information to update our position in space. This process is well understood in adulthood, but there has been relatively little study of path integration in childhood, leading to an underrepresentation in accounts of navigational development. ...
Cladière Mathieu - - 2013
Assessing the fate of endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs) in the environment is currently a key issue for determining their impacts on aquatic ecosystems. The 4-nonylphenol (4-NP) is a well known EDC and results from the biodegradation of surfactant nonylphenol ethoxylates (NPnEOs). Fate mechanisms of NPnEO are well documented but their ...
Prilepov Iuri - - 2013
Multifluid simulations often create volume fraction data, representing fluid volumes per region or cell of a fluid data set. Accurate and visually realistic extraction of fluid boundaries is a challenging and essential task for efficient analysis of multifluid data. In this work, we present a new material interface reconstruction method ...
Zhao Yue - - 2013
This article proposes a robust technique for needle detection and tracking using three-dimensional ultrasound (3D US). It is difficult for radiologists to detect and follow the position of micro tools, such as biopsy needles, that are inserted in human tissues under 3D US guidance. To overcome this difficulty, we propose ...
Hermida-López M - - 2013
Purpose: For decades, (106)Ru∕(106)Rh ophthalmic applicators have been widely used to treat intraocular malignancies with good clinical outcomes. Determining the dosimetry of such applicators is challenging because of their spherical shape, the low range of emitted betas and the steep gradients involved. Furthermore, there is a lack of dose distribution ...
Chung Yeojin - - 2013
Group-level variance estimates of zero often arise when fitting multilevel or hierarchical linear models, especially when the number of groups is small. For situations where zero variances are implausible a priori, we propose a maximum penalized likelihood approach to avoid such boundary estimates. This approach is equivalent to estimating variance ...
de Water Valerie R - - 2013
To test the accuracy and reliability of Dolphin 3-dimensional (3D) software airway analysis compared with manual segmentation in patients who underwent a Le Fort III osteotomy. Computed tomographic scans of 20 patients with syndromic craniosynostosis at Sophia's Children's Hospital (Rotterdam, The Netherlands) were used for airway volume measurements using Dolphin ...
Ballard Megan S - - 2013
A method to estimate source range in environments that exhibit three-dimensional propagation effects is presented. A hybrid modeling technique using vertical modes and horizontal rays is employed. Results are obtained in a computationally efficient manner and require limited knowledge of the environment. The method is applied to data recorded on ...
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