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Liu Genggeng - - 2014
{}As the basic model for very large scale integration routing, the Steiner minimal tree (SMT) can be used in various practical problems, such as wire length optimization, congestion, and time delay estimation. In this paper, an effective algorithm based on particle swarm optimization is presented to construct a multilayer obstacle-avoiding ...
Karbowiak Mirosław M Faculty of Chemistry, University of Wrocław, ul. F. Joliot-Curie 14, 50-383, Wrocław, - - 2014
This article elucidates the pitfalls identified in the software package SIMPRE recently developed by Baldoví et al. (J. Comput. Chem. 2013, 34, 1961) for modeling the spectroscopic and magnetic properties of single ion magnets as well as single-molecule magnets. Analysis of the methodology used therein reveals that the crystal field ...
Higgs Zoe Z Department of Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery, Glasgow Royal Infirmary, Glasgow, Scotland, UK - - 2014
Two operative approaches are commonly used for isolated talonavicular arthrodesis: the medial and the dorsal approach. It is recognized that access to the lateral aspect of the talonavicular joint can be limited when using the medial approach, and it is our experience that using the dorsal approach addresses this issue. ...
Huang Richard S P RS From the Department of Pathology and Laboratory - - 2014
We describe the development of a mobile computing platform (MCP) with a decision support module (DSM) for patients in our coagulation-based hemotherapy service. The core of our MCP consists of a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet template used to gather and compute data on cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) patients intraoperatively. The DSM is ...
Frost N Andrew NA Department of Ophthalmology, Torbay Hospital, Devon, UK Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry, Plymouth, - - 2014
To examine the effect of rounding of visual acuity data on estimates of surgical performance. In this observational study, the distribution of 1-year Snellen visual acuity data from 606 endothelial keratoplasties from the NHSBT UK transplant database was analysed. A curve was fitted to the data and used to estimate ...
Virk Sohrab S SS *Department of Orthopaedics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH †Department of Neurosurgery, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH ‡Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, - - 2014
Cost effectiveness analysis using a Markov model with inputs from published literature. To learn which graft or hardware option used in a single-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) is most beneficial in terms of cost, quality of life and overall cost effectiveness. Options studied were autograft (auto), allograft (allo) ...
Khan Raheej R King's College London - MRC Centre for Transplantation, London, United - - 2014
WHAT'S KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT? AND WHAT DOES THE STUDY ADD?: The advance of medical technology has had a significant impact upon the management of prostatic disease. Trainees are expected to embrace new technologies and also meet increasing patient expectations, within the time constraints imposed by the European Working-Time Directive. ...
Chen Yunjin - - 2014
This paper addresses a new learning algorithm for the recently introduced co-sparse analysis model. First, we give new insights into the co-sparse analysis model by establishing connections to filter-based MRF models, such as the field of experts model of Roth and Black. For training, we introduce a technique called bi-level ...
Joyce Cormac Weekes CW Department of Plastic Surgery, St. Vincent's University Hospital, Elm Park, Dubin 4, - - 2014
The number of citations that a published article has received reflects the importance of the paper in the particular area of practice. In microsurgery, thus far, which journal articles are cited most frequently is unknown. The purpose of this study was to identify and analyze the characteristics of the top ...
Carthey Jane - - 2014
Operating theatre teams work in an imperfect system characterised by time pressure, goal conflicts, lack of team stability and steep authority gradients between consultants and other team members. Despite this, they often foresee and forestall errors that could harm patients. The paper discusses the strengths and limitations of using Reason's ...
Liguori Gabriel Romero - - 2014
Objective: To review studies performed in animal models that evaluated therapeutic interventions to inflammatory response and microcirculatory changes after cardiopulmonary bypass. Methods: It was used the search strategy ("Cardiopulmonary Bypass" (MeSH)) and ("Microcirculation" (MeSH) or "Inflammation" (MeSH) or "Inflammation Mediators" (MeSH)). Repeated results, human studies, non-English language articles, reviews and ...
Miranda Alexandre F AF Ministry of Health, Ipanema Federal Hospital, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Urogenital Research Unit, State University of Rio de Janeiro, UERJ, Rio de Janeiro, - - 2014
A surgical approach with plaque incision and graft (PIG) to correct Peyronie's disease is the best method for complex, large deviations. However, the geometric and mechanical consequences of this intervention are poorly understood. The aim of this study was to analyze the geometric and mechanical consequences of PIG on penile ...
Billah Baki B Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
To update the Australian System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation (AusSCORE) model for operative estimation of 30-day mortality risk after isolated coronary artery bypass grafting in the Australian population. Data were collected by the Australian and New Zealand Society of Cardiac and Thoracic Surgeons registry from 2001 to 2011 in ...
Biswas Atanu A 1Applied Statistics Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata, - - 2014
Circular data are a natural outcome in many biomedical studies, e.g. some measurements in ophthalmologic studies, degrees of rotation of hand or waist, etc. With reference to a real data set on astigmatism induced in two types of cataract surgeries we carry out some two-sample testing problems with the possibility ...
Vine Samuel J SJ College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, St. Luke's Campus, Heavitree Road, Exeter, Devon, EX1 2LU, UK, - - 2014
Although virtual reality (VR) simulators serve an important role in the training and assessment of surgeons, they need to be evaluated for evidence of validity. Eye-tracking technology and measures of visual control have been used as an adjunct to the performance parameters produced by VR simulators to help in objectively ...
Trehan Kanika K Division of Thoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, - - 2014
Simulation may reduce the risks associated with the complex operations of cardiothoracic surgery and help create a more efficient, thorough, and uniform curriculum for cardiothoracic surgery fellowship. Here, we review the current status of simulation in cardiothoracic surgical training and provide an overview of all simulation models applicable to cardiothoracic ...
Gosden Lucinda Veeck LV Weill Cornell Medical College, 1300 York Avenue, New York, NY, 10065, USA, - - 2014
After more than 30 years of harvesting oocytes for in vitro fertilization, collection techniques are well established. Presented here are dependable methods for maintaining environmental stability during such procedures and general descriptions of the materials collected.
Kang Wenxiong W College of Automation Science and Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, - - 2014
Contact-free palm-vein recognition is one of the most challenging and promising areas in hand biometrics. In view of the existing problems in contact-free palm-vein imaging, including projection transformation, uneven illumination and difficulty in extracting exact ROIs, this paper presents a novel recognition approach for contact-free palm-vein recognition that performs feature ...
Muhiuddin G G Department of Mathematics, University of Tabuk, Tabuk 71491, Saudi - - 2014
Operations of cubic soft sets including "AND" operation and "OR" operation based on P-orders and R-orders are introduced and some related properties are investigated. An example is presented to show that the R-union of two internal cubic soft sets might not be internal. A sufficient condition is provided, which ensure ...
Watanabe Eiji E 1] Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 3173-25 Showa-machi, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa 236-0001, Japan - - 2014
The future conditions of Arctic sea ice and marine ecosystems are of interest not only to climate scientists, but also to economic and governmental bodies. However, the lack of widespread, year-long biogeochemical observations remains an obstacle to understanding the complicated variability of the Arctic marine biological pump. Here we show ...
Choi Yerim Y 0000-0001-7239-5118 Department of Industrial Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-744, Republic of - - 2014
With the advance of military technology, the number of unmanned combat aerial vehicles (UCAVs) has rapidly increased. However, it has been reported that the accident rate of UCAVs is much higher than that of manned combat aerial vehicles. One of the main reasons for the high accident rate of UCAVs ...
Waters Crystal A CA Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics and Curriculum in Genetics and Molecular Biology, Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, - - 2014
Nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ) can effectively resolve chromosome breaks despite diverse end structures; however, it is unclear how the steps employed for resolution are determined. We sought to address this question by analysing cellular NHEJ of ends with systematically mispaired and damaged termini. We show NHEJ is uniquely proficient at ...
Peng Ding-Hong DH 0000-0001-6031-4587 Institute of Quality Development, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650093, China ; School of Management, Harbin University of Science and Technology, Harbin 150040, - - 2014
Interval-valued hesitant fuzzy set (IVHFS), which is the further generalization of hesitant fuzzy set, can overcome the barrier that the precise membership degrees are sometimes hard to be specified and permit the membership degrees of an element to a set to have a few different interval values. To efficiently and ...
Plenter Robert J RJ Colorado Center for Transplantation Care, Research and Education and Division of Pulmonary Sciences and Critical Care Medicine, University of Colorado Denver; - - 2014
It is now over forty years since this technique was first reported by Corry, Wynn and Russell. Although it took some years for other labs to become proficient in and utilize this technique, it is now widely used by many laboratories around the world. A significant refinement to the original ...
Sakaki Marcos Hideyo MH 1. Institute of Orthopedics and e Traumatology, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil, 1. Institute of Orthopedics and e Traumatology, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil, Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina, Hospital das Clínicas, Institute of Orthopedics and e Traumatology, São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
To quantify the FHL length difference obtained through a single approach and by a double combined approach. 16 fresh cadavers, a total of 32 feet, were used to measure the FHL graft length. With the cadaver positioned in ventral decubitus, a posteromedial incision in the ankle and a second incision ...
Wang Chunyong C 0000-0001-9665-2502 College of Mathematics and Econometrics, Hunan University Changsha, Hunan 410082, - - 2014
We investigate the multiple attribute decision-making (MADM) problems with hesitant triangular fuzzy information. Firstly, definition and some operational laws of hesitant triangular fuzzy elements are introduced. Then, we develop some hesitant triangular fuzzy aggregation operators based on Bonferroni means and discuss their basic properties. Some existing operators can be viewed ...
Svenson Gavin J GJ Department of Invertebrate Zoology, Cleveland Museum of Natural History, 1 Wade Oval Drive, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, United States of - - 2014
The collection of Mantodea of the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, includes 26 holotypes, 7 allotypes, 4 lectotypes, 23 paratypes, and 1 paralectotype. Four type specimens were designated as lectotypes within this work. Highly accurate measurement data, high resolution images of specimens and labels, verbatim label data, georeferenced ...
Dempsey Steven J SJ Department of Wildland Resources, Utah State University, Logan, Utah, United States of - - 2014
The status of many carnivore species is a growing concern for wildlife agencies, conservation organizations, and the general public. Historically, kit foxes (Vulpes macrotis) were classified as abundant and distributed in the desert and semi-arid regions of southwestern North America, but is now considered rare throughout its range. Survey methods ...
Nobis Christopher-Philipp - - 2013
The great value of the radial forearm flap (RFF) for reconstructive surgery stresses the importance of developing effective teaching methods. Our aim was to develop a realistic anatomic model that concisely simulates vital surgical steps while offering a haptic and visual experience. It should be cost-effective, easy to use, reusable, ...
D Kosy Jonathan - - 2013
Introduction: The authors set out to investigate the accuracy of the information their unit was inputting onto the National Joint Registry. This is important both in relation to implant surveillance and also to the use of these data to monitor the performance of surgeons. Method: A single consultant's arthroplasty patients ...
Greene Michael J - - 2013
In this second half of a 2-part series, chief/lead pilots were invited to complete a 40-question survey modeled on the AirMed 2000 Helicopter Avionics and Operations Survey via an online survey. The survey was available to rotor-wing (RW) and fixed-wing air medical transport services in the United States, although year ...
Kenny David E DE Conservation Biology and Animal Health, The Denver Zoological Foundation, Denver, CO, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
Working as a veterinarian in remote field locations can be physically and intellectually challenging. A collaborative multi-disciplinary approach is often required for successful data collection. Technologies and methodologies frequently need to be modified to work in these harsh field environments. This article will describe a collaboration in southeastern Mongolia collecting ...
Turner Rushia - - 2013
Estimating the reactivity of 2'-hydroxyl groups along an RNA chain of interest aids in the modeling of the folded RNA structure; flexible loops tend to be reactive, whereas duplex regions are generally not. Among the most useful reagents for probing 2'-hydroxyl reactivity is 1-methyl-7-nitroisatoic anhydride (1m7), but the absence of ...
Georgii Joachim - - 2013
Breast augmentation was the most commonly performed cosmetic surgery procedure in 2011 in the United States. Although aesthetically pleasing surgical results can only be achieved if the correct breast implant is selected from a large variety of different prosthesis sizes and shapes available on the market, surgeons still rely on ...
Selden Nathan R - - 2013
Restrictions on duty hours and shift length by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education and public pressure to reduce complications and to improve outcomes in the clinical educational environment have enhanced interest in the use of procedural and surgical simulation to train neurosurgical residents. To introduce simple, available, and, ...
Tsang Alfred Chee-Ching - - 2013
A new technique of model surgery using LEGO plates as key-spacers is described. This technique requires less time to set up compared with the conventional plaster model method. It also retains the preoperative setup with the same set of models. Movement of the segments can be measured and examined in ...
Lalys Florent - - 2013
Surgery is continuously subject to technological and medical innovations that are transforming daily surgical routines. In order to gain a better understanding and description of surgeries, the field of surgical process modelling (SPM) has recently emerged. The challenge is to support surgery through the quantitative analysis and understanding of operating ...
Vaccaro Christine M - - 2013
The objective of this study was to compare the effect of virtual reality simulation training plus robotic orientation versus robotic orientation alone on performance of surgical tasks using an inanimate model. Surgical resident physicians were enrolled in this assessor-blinded randomized controlled trial. Residents were randomized to receive either (1) robotic ...
Ryan Jason C - - 2013
Planning operations across a number of domains can be considered as resource allocation problems with timing constraints. An unexplored instance of such a problem domain is the aircraft carrier flight deck, where, in current operations, replanning is done without the aid of any computerized decision support. Rather, veteran operators employ ...
Tunc Lutfi - - 2013
Objectives: To examine the feasibility of retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) in a porcine model. Materials and Methods: Female pigs (n = 3) were placed in a dorsal lithotomy position under general anesthesia, and stone material was inserted into the renal pelvis of the pigs. The bladder was entered with a ...
Porta Alberto - - 2013
Cardiac baroreflex is a fundamental component of the cardiovascular control. The continuous assessment of baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) from spontaneous heart period (HP) and systolic arterial pressure (SAP) variations during general anesthesia provides relevant information about cardiovascular regulation in physiological conditions. Unfortunately, several difficulties including unknown HP-SAP causal relations, negligible SAP ...
Sanagou M - - 2013
SUMMARY The generalizability of a prediction model from North America for incident nosocomial pneumonia following coronary artery bypass graft surgery was assessed for 23247 patients on the Australian and New Zealand Society of Cardiac and Thoracic Surgeons (ANZSCTS) registry. The performance of the North American model was evaluated using measures ...
Forestier Germain - - 2013
Surgical Process Modelling (SPM) was introduced to improve understanding the different parameters that influence the performance of a Surgical Process (SP). Data acquired from SPM methodology is enormous and complex. Several analysis methods based on comparison or classification of Surgical Process Models (SPMs) have previously been proposed. Such methods compare ...
Hassan Zahid - - 2013
The European Working Time Directive and streamlined training has led to reduced training time. Surgery, as an experience-dependent craft specialty is affected more than other medical specialties. Trainees want to maximize all training opportunities in the clinical setting, and having predeveloped basic skills acquired on a simulated model can facilitate ...
Swartz Daniel D - - 2013
Because of rise in cardiovascular disease throughout the world, there is increasing demand for small diameter blood vessels as replacement grafts. The present review focuses on the animal models that have been used to test small-diameter TEVs with emphasis on the attributes of each model. Small animal models are used ...
Wu Fule - - 2013
BACKGROUND: VR-based surgery simulation provides a cost-effective and efficient method to train novices. In this study, a virtual training system for maxillofacial surgery (VR-MFS), which aims mainly at the simulation of operations on mandible and maxilla, was developed and demonstrated. METHODS: The virtual models of the anatomic structures were reconstructed ...
Gerasimov Yuri - - 2013
A comparison of 14 currently applicable wood harvesting systems was assessed with respect to ergonomic point of view. For this purpose, the research method, based on the Hodges-Lehmann rule and the integrated work-severity rate of single machinery, was developed for ergonomic evaluation of cut-to-length, tree-length and full-tree harvesting systems. Altogether, ...
Willemet Marie - - 2013
The validation of a coupled 1D-0D model of the lower-limb arterial hemodynamics is presented. This study focuses on pathological subjects (6 patients, 72.7±11.1years) suffering from atherosclerosis who underwent a femoro-popliteal bypass surgery. The 1D model comprises four vessels from the upper-leg, peripheral networks are modeled with three-element windkessels and in ...
Slieker Juliette C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In colorectal surgery, anastomotic leakage (AL) is the most significant complication. Sealants applied around the colon anastomosis may help prevent AL by giving the anastomosis time to heal by mechanically supporting the anastomosis and preventing bacteria leaking into the peritoneal cavity. The aim of this study is to compare ...
Riordan Alexander M - - 2013
The rabbit model of spinal fusion with the autogenous iliac crest bone graft (ICBG) control is widely used to evaluate bone graft substitutes and enhancers. This study examined the reliability of this model using meta-analysis. A systematic literature search from January 1995 to May 2011 identified 56 studies, involving 733 ...
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