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Khajeh-Hosseini-Dalasm Navvab N Department of Mechanical Engineering, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, - - 2015
Previous studies have demonstrated that factors such as airway wall motion, inhalation waveform, and geometric complexity influence the deposition of aerosols in the alveolar airways. However, deposition fraction correlations are not available that account for these factors in determining alveolar deposition. The objective of this study was to generate a ...
Deter Russell L RL Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To compare third trimester size trajectory prediction errors [average Transformed Percent Deviations] for three individualized fetal growth assessment methods. Methods: This study utilized longitudinal measurements of 9 directly measured size parameters in 118 fetuses with normal neonatal growth outcomes. Expected Value [EV] function coefficients and variance components were ...
Wineman-Fisher Vered - - 2014
Amylin is an endocrine hormone peptide that consists of 37 residues and the main component of extracellular amyloid deposits found in the pancreas of most type 2 diabetes patients. Amylin peptides are self-assembled to form oligomers and fibril. So far, four different molecular structures of the self-assembled Amylin fibrils had ...
Alves Sidiney G SG Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, 36570-000 Viçosa, Minas Gerais, - - 2014
We study the ballistic deposition and the grain deposition models on two-dimensional substrates. Using the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang (KPZ) ansatz for height fluctuations, we show that the main contribution to the intrinsic width, which causes strong corrections to the scaling, comes from the fluctuations in the height increments along deposition events. Accounting ...
Setzler Julia J Institute of Nanotechnology (INT), Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), P.O. Box 3640, 76021, Karlsruhe, - - 2014
In most implicit continuum models, membranes are represented as heterogeneous dielectric environments, but their treatment within computationally efficient generalized Born (GB) models is challenging. Despite several previous attempts, an adequate description of multiple dielectric regions in implicit GB-based membrane models that reproduce the qualitative and quantitative features of Poisson-Boltzmann (PB) ...
Hsu Hsiao-Ping HP Max-Planck-Institut für Polymerforschung, Ackermannweg 10, D-55128 Mainz, - - 2014
Single linear polymer chains in dilute solutions under good solvent conditions are studied by Monte Carlo simulations with the pruned-enriched Rosenbluth method up to the chain length N∼O(10(4)). Based on the standard simple cubic lattice model (SCLM) with fixed bond length and the bond fluctuation model (BFM) with bond lengths ...
Cunningham John Paul JP Queensland University of Technology, Gardens Point, Brisbane, Queensland 4001, - - 2014
Abstract We provide the first evidence for interspecific warfare in bees, a spectacular natural phenomenon that involves a series of aerial battles and leads to thousands of fatalities from both attacking and defending colonies. Molecular analysis of fights at a hive of the Australian stingless bee Tetragonula carbonaria revealed that ...
Terwilliger Thomas C TC Bioscience Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Mail Stop M888, Los Alamos, NM 87507, - - 2014
Accurate crystal structures of macromolecules are of high importance in the biological and biomedical fields. Models of crystal structures in the Protein Data Bank (PDB) are in general of very high quality as deposited. However, methods for obtaining the best model of a macromolecular structure from a given set of ...
Gonze Marc-Andre - - 2014
The Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear accident led to massive atmospheric deposition of radioactive substances onto the land surfaces. The spatial distribution of deposits has been estimated by Japanese authorities for gamma-emitting radionuclides through either airborne monitoring surveys (since April 2011), or in situ gamma-ray spectrometry of bare soil areas (since summer ...
Chagas-Júnior Amazonas - - 2014
Onychophora have undergone a new wave of taxonomic revisions in the last three years. After a recent revision, only two species of Macroperipatus are registered from Brazil: Macroperipatus ohausi and Macroperipatus geayi. The former was only the second species of Onychophora to be described from Brazil, and is herein redescribed, ...
Nahari Galit G Department of Criminology, Bar-Ilan University, 52900, Ramat Gan, Israel, - - 2014
Our goal in this paper is to show that a careful analysis of recall accuracy within a serial reproduction chain can add to a detailed qualitative analysis of the reproductions within the chain. The texts we chose are based on newspaper reports concerning current events, which are far from being ...
Sturm Robert R Brunnleitenweg 41, A-5061 Elsbethen, Salzburg, Austria. Electronic address: - - 2014
Deposition of inhaled single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) and multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) in the respiratory tract was theoretically investigated for various age groups (infants, children, adolescents, and adults). Additionally, possible effects of the inhalative flow rate on nanotube deposition were simulated for adult lungs. Theoretical computations were based on the ...
Liu Genggeng - - 2014
{}As the basic model for very large scale integration routing, the Steiner minimal tree (SMT) can be used in various practical problems, such as wire length optimization, congestion, and time delay estimation. In this paper, an effective algorithm based on particle swarm optimization is presented to construct a multilayer obstacle-avoiding ...
Karbowiak Mirosław M Faculty of Chemistry, University of Wrocław, ul. F. Joliot-Curie 14, 50-383, Wrocław, - - 2014
This article elucidates the pitfalls identified in the software package SIMPRE recently developed by Baldoví et al. (J. Comput. Chem. 2013, 34, 1961) for modeling the spectroscopic and magnetic properties of single ion magnets as well as single-molecule magnets. Analysis of the methodology used therein reveals that the crystal field ...
Banerjee Kasturi K B. N. S. Girls High School, Howrah 711 303, India and Department of Physics, University of Calcutta, Kolkata 700 009, - - 2014
The surface and bulk properties of a modified ballistic deposition model are investigated. The deposition rule interpolates between nearest- and next-nearest-neighbor ballistic deposition and the random deposition models. The stickiness of the depositing particle is controlled by a parameter and the type of interparticle force. Two such forces are considered: ...
Chen Mingzhu M Department of Mechanical Engineering, School of Mechanical and Design Engineering, Dublin Institute of Technology, Bolton Street, Dublin 1, Ireland. Electronic address: - - 2014
In recent years a number of red-blood-cell (RBC) models have been proposed using spring networks to represent the RBC membrane. Some results predicted by these models agree well with experimental measurements. However, the suitability of these membrane models has been questioned. The RBC membrane, like a continuum membrane, is mechanically ...
Higgs Zoe Z Department of Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery, Glasgow Royal Infirmary, Glasgow, Scotland, UK - - 2014
Two operative approaches are commonly used for isolated talonavicular arthrodesis: the medial and the dorsal approach. It is recognized that access to the lateral aspect of the talonavicular joint can be limited when using the medial approach, and it is our experience that using the dorsal approach addresses this issue. ...
Kvičerová Jana J Biology Centre, Institute of Parasitology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Branišovská 31, 370 05 České Budějovice, Czech Republic; Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Science, University of South Bohemia, Branišovská 31, 370 05 České Budějovice, Czech Republic. Electronic address: - - 2014
The generic name Hemolivia has been used for haemogregarines characterized by morphological and biological features. The few molecular studies, focused on other haemogregarine genera but involving Hemolivia samples, indicated its close relationship to the genus Hepatozoon. Here we analyze molecular data for Hemolivia from a broad geographic area and host ...
Huang Richard S P RS From the Department of Pathology and Laboratory - - 2014
We describe the development of a mobile computing platform (MCP) with a decision support module (DSM) for patients in our coagulation-based hemotherapy service. The core of our MCP consists of a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet template used to gather and compute data on cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) patients intraoperatively. The DSM is ...
Frost N Andrew NA Department of Ophthalmology, Torbay Hospital, Devon, UK Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry, Plymouth, - - 2014
To examine the effect of rounding of visual acuity data on estimates of surgical performance. In this observational study, the distribution of 1-year Snellen visual acuity data from 606 endothelial keratoplasties from the NHSBT UK transplant database was analysed. A curve was fitted to the data and used to estimate ...
Virk Sohrab S SS *Department of Orthopaedics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH †Department of Neurosurgery, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH ‡Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, - - 2014
Cost effectiveness analysis using a Markov model with inputs from published literature. To learn which graft or hardware option used in a single-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) is most beneficial in terms of cost, quality of life and overall cost effectiveness. Options studied were autograft (auto), allograft (allo) ...
Khan Raheej R King's College London - MRC Centre for Transplantation, London, United - - 2014
WHAT'S KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT? AND WHAT DOES THE STUDY ADD?: The advance of medical technology has had a significant impact upon the management of prostatic disease. Trainees are expected to embrace new technologies and also meet increasing patient expectations, within the time constraints imposed by the European Working-Time Directive. ...
Chen Yunjin - - 2014
This paper addresses a new learning algorithm for the recently introduced co-sparse analysis model. First, we give new insights into the co-sparse analysis model by establishing connections to filter-based MRF models, such as the field of experts model of Roth and Black. For training, we introduce a technique called bi-level ...
Joyce Cormac Weekes CW Department of Plastic Surgery, St. Vincent's University Hospital, Elm Park, Dubin 4, - - 2014
The number of citations that a published article has received reflects the importance of the paper in the particular area of practice. In microsurgery, thus far, which journal articles are cited most frequently is unknown. The purpose of this study was to identify and analyze the characteristics of the top ...
Carthey Jane - - 2014
Operating theatre teams work in an imperfect system characterised by time pressure, goal conflicts, lack of team stability and steep authority gradients between consultants and other team members. Despite this, they often foresee and forestall errors that could harm patients. The paper discusses the strengths and limitations of using Reason's ...
Liguori Gabriel Romero - - 2014
Objective: To review studies performed in animal models that evaluated therapeutic interventions to inflammatory response and microcirculatory changes after cardiopulmonary bypass. Methods: It was used the search strategy ("Cardiopulmonary Bypass" (MeSH)) and ("Microcirculation" (MeSH) or "Inflammation" (MeSH) or "Inflammation Mediators" (MeSH)). Repeated results, human studies, non-English language articles, reviews and ...
Miranda Alexandre F AF Ministry of Health, Ipanema Federal Hospital, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Urogenital Research Unit, State University of Rio de Janeiro, UERJ, Rio de Janeiro, - - 2014
A surgical approach with plaque incision and graft (PIG) to correct Peyronie's disease is the best method for complex, large deviations. However, the geometric and mechanical consequences of this intervention are poorly understood. The aim of this study was to analyze the geometric and mechanical consequences of PIG on penile ...
Billah Baki B Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
To update the Australian System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation (AusSCORE) model for operative estimation of 30-day mortality risk after isolated coronary artery bypass grafting in the Australian population. Data were collected by the Australian and New Zealand Society of Cardiac and Thoracic Surgeons registry from 2001 to 2011 in ...
Biswas Atanu A 1Applied Statistics Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata, - - 2014
Circular data are a natural outcome in many biomedical studies, e.g. some measurements in ophthalmologic studies, degrees of rotation of hand or waist, etc. With reference to a real data set on astigmatism induced in two types of cataract surgeries we carry out some two-sample testing problems with the possibility ...
Vine Samuel J SJ College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, St. Luke's Campus, Heavitree Road, Exeter, Devon, EX1 2LU, UK, - - 2014
Although virtual reality (VR) simulators serve an important role in the training and assessment of surgeons, they need to be evaluated for evidence of validity. Eye-tracking technology and measures of visual control have been used as an adjunct to the performance parameters produced by VR simulators to help in objectively ...
Trehan Kanika K Division of Thoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, - - 2014
Simulation may reduce the risks associated with the complex operations of cardiothoracic surgery and help create a more efficient, thorough, and uniform curriculum for cardiothoracic surgery fellowship. Here, we review the current status of simulation in cardiothoracic surgical training and provide an overview of all simulation models applicable to cardiothoracic ...
Gosden Lucinda Veeck LV Weill Cornell Medical College, 1300 York Avenue, New York, NY, 10065, USA, - - 2014
After more than 30 years of harvesting oocytes for in vitro fertilization, collection techniques are well established. Presented here are dependable methods for maintaining environmental stability during such procedures and general descriptions of the materials collected.
Kang Wenxiong W College of Automation Science and Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, - - 2014
Contact-free palm-vein recognition is one of the most challenging and promising areas in hand biometrics. In view of the existing problems in contact-free palm-vein imaging, including projection transformation, uneven illumination and difficulty in extracting exact ROIs, this paper presents a novel recognition approach for contact-free palm-vein recognition that performs feature ...
Muhiuddin G G Department of Mathematics, University of Tabuk, Tabuk 71491, Saudi - - 2014
Operations of cubic soft sets including "AND" operation and "OR" operation based on P-orders and R-orders are introduced and some related properties are investigated. An example is presented to show that the R-union of two internal cubic soft sets might not be internal. A sufficient condition is provided, which ensure ...
Watanabe Eiji E 1] Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 3173-25 Showa-machi, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa 236-0001, Japan - - 2014
The future conditions of Arctic sea ice and marine ecosystems are of interest not only to climate scientists, but also to economic and governmental bodies. However, the lack of widespread, year-long biogeochemical observations remains an obstacle to understanding the complicated variability of the Arctic marine biological pump. Here we show ...
Choi Yerim Y 0000-0001-7239-5118 Department of Industrial Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-744, Republic of - - 2014
With the advance of military technology, the number of unmanned combat aerial vehicles (UCAVs) has rapidly increased. However, it has been reported that the accident rate of UCAVs is much higher than that of manned combat aerial vehicles. One of the main reasons for the high accident rate of UCAVs ...
Waters Crystal A CA Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics and Curriculum in Genetics and Molecular Biology, Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, - - 2014
Nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ) can effectively resolve chromosome breaks despite diverse end structures; however, it is unclear how the steps employed for resolution are determined. We sought to address this question by analysing cellular NHEJ of ends with systematically mispaired and damaged termini. We show NHEJ is uniquely proficient at ...
Peng Ding-Hong DH 0000-0001-6031-4587 Institute of Quality Development, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650093, China ; School of Management, Harbin University of Science and Technology, Harbin 150040, - - 2014
Interval-valued hesitant fuzzy set (IVHFS), which is the further generalization of hesitant fuzzy set, can overcome the barrier that the precise membership degrees are sometimes hard to be specified and permit the membership degrees of an element to a set to have a few different interval values. To efficiently and ...
Sakaki Marcos Hideyo MH 1. Institute of Orthopedics and e Traumatology, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil, 1. Institute of Orthopedics and e Traumatology, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil, Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina, Hospital das Clínicas, Institute of Orthopedics and e Traumatology, São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
To quantify the FHL length difference obtained through a single approach and by a double combined approach. 16 fresh cadavers, a total of 32 feet, were used to measure the FHL graft length. With the cadaver positioned in ventral decubitus, a posteromedial incision in the ankle and a second incision ...
Wang Chunyong C 0000-0001-9665-2502 College of Mathematics and Econometrics, Hunan University Changsha, Hunan 410082, - - 2014
We investigate the multiple attribute decision-making (MADM) problems with hesitant triangular fuzzy information. Firstly, definition and some operational laws of hesitant triangular fuzzy elements are introduced. Then, we develop some hesitant triangular fuzzy aggregation operators based on Bonferroni means and discuss their basic properties. Some existing operators can be viewed ...
Dempsey Steven J SJ Department of Wildland Resources, Utah State University, Logan, Utah, United States of - - 2014
The status of many carnivore species is a growing concern for wildlife agencies, conservation organizations, and the general public. Historically, kit foxes (Vulpes macrotis) were classified as abundant and distributed in the desert and semi-arid regions of southwestern North America, but is now considered rare throughout its range. Survey methods ...
Svenson Gavin J GJ Department of Invertebrate Zoology, Cleveland Museum of Natural History, 1 Wade Oval Drive, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, United States of - - 2014
The collection of Mantodea of the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, includes 26 holotypes, 7 allotypes, 4 lectotypes, 23 paratypes, and 1 paralectotype. Four type specimens were designated as lectotypes within this work. Highly accurate measurement data, high resolution images of specimens and labels, verbatim label data, georeferenced ...
Nearns Eugenio H EH Purdue Entomological Research Collection, Purdue University, B028 Smith Hall, 901 W. State Street, West Lafayette, IN 47907 U.S.A.; Email: - - 2014
The primary types of Onciderini Thomson, 1860 deposited at The Natural History Museum (BMNH), London, United Kingdom, are catalogued and illustrated. Data on the original combination, current name, and type locality are verified and presented. There are 39 primary types of Onciderini including 11 in Oncideres Lacordaire, 1830; and three ...
Rasmussen Claus C Department of Bioscience, Aarhus University, Ny Munkegade 114, Bldg. 1540, DK-8000 Aarhus C, Denmark.; Email: - - 2014
Ten name-bearing specimens of Centris Fabricius deposited in the Hungarian Natural History Museum are examined and nine lectotypes are designated for the following species: C. atripes Mocsáry, 1899; C. flavilabris boliviensis Mocsáry, 1899; C. facialis Mocsáry, 1899; C. fusciventris Mocsáry, 1899; C. mariae Mocsáry, 1896; C. minuta Mocsáry, 1899; C. ...
Schrader Frederik F Thünen Institute of Climate-Smart Agriculture, Bundesallee 50, 38116 Braunschweig, - - 2014
Land use specific deposition velocities of atmospheric trace gases and aerosols-particularly of reactive nitrogen compounds-are a fundamental input variable for a variety of deposition models. Although the concept is known to have shortcomings-especially with regard to bi-directional exchange-the often limited availability of concentration data and meteorological input variables make it ...
Armstrong R A RA Dr Richard A. Armstrong, Vision Sciences, Aston University, Birmingham B4 7ET, UK, phone: 0121-204-4102, fax: 0121-204-4048, e-mail: - - 2014
The 'amyloid cascade hypothesis' (ACH) is the most influential model of the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The hypothesis proposes that the deposition of β-amyloid (Aβ) is the initial pathological event in AD, leading to the formation of extracellular senile plaques (SP), tau-immunoreactive neurofibrillary tangles (NFT), neuronal loss, and ultimately, ...
Plenter Robert J RJ Colorado Center for Transplantation Care, Research and Education and Division of Pulmonary Sciences and Critical Care Medicine, University of Colorado Denver; - - 2014
It is now over forty years since this technique was first reported by Corry, Wynn and Russell. Although it took some years for other labs to become proficient in and utilize this technique, it is now widely used by many laboratories around the world. A significant refinement to the original ...
Dehon Manuel M Laboratory of Zoology, Research Institute of Biosciences, University of Mons, Mons, - - 2014
Bees (Anthophila) are one of the major groups of angiosperm-pollinating insects and accordingly are widely studied in both basic and applied research, for which it is essential to have a clear understanding of their phylogeny, and evolutionary history. Direct evidence of bee evolutionary history has been hindered by a dearth ...
- - 2014
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0099026.].
Kuwatani Tatsu T Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8579, - - 2014
Geochemical discrimination has recently been recognised as a potentially useful proxy for identifying tsunami deposits in addition to classical proxies such as sedimentological and micropalaeontological evidence. However, difficulties remain because it is unclear which elements best discriminate between tsunami and non-tsunami deposits. Herein, we propose a mathematical methodology for the ...
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