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Costa Ciniro C Jr a Center of Nuclear Energy in Agriculture, Laboratory of Biogeochemistry , University of São Paulo , Piracicaba , São Paulo , - - 2014
Intensive beef production has increased during recent decades in Brazil and may substantially increase both methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions from manure management. However, the quantification of these gases and methods for extrapolating them are scarce in Brazil. A case study examines CH4 and N2O emissions from one ...
Middleton Richard S - - 2014
Efforts to mitigate the impacts of climate change will require deep reductions in anthropogenic CO2 emissions on the scale of gigatonnes/yr. CO2 capture and utilization and/or storage technologies are a class of approaches that can substantially reduce CO2 emissions. Even though examples of this approach, such as CO2 enhanced oil ...
Lohr Cheryl A CA Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Management, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 1910 East-West Road, Honolulu, HI, 96822, USA, - - 2014
Hawaii's game animals are all non-native species, which provokes human-wildlife conflict among stakeholders. The management of human-wildlife conflict in Hawaii is further complicated by the discrete nature of island communities. Our goal was to understand the desires and perceived values or impacts of game held by residents of Hawaii regarding ...
Feldmann Theodore B TB University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, KY, USA, - - 2014
Academic departments of psychiatry are experiencing unprecedented changes that are difficult and challenging for faculty and administrators. This article examines the factors that influence change and the barriers to effective change. The author reviewed the business literature on change in organizations and examined the psychodynamic factors that mediate individual and ...
Soderlund David M DM Department of Entomology, Cornell University, Geneva, New York, 14456, - - 2014
The discovery of resmethrin almost five decades ago was the seminal event in the development of pyrethroid insecticides as important pest management tools whose value endures today. This brief review considers the development of pyrethroids from the perspective of the discovery of resmethrin. I describe the pathway to the discovery ...
Woodward Richard T RT Department of Agricultural Economics, Texas A&M University, TAMU 2124, College Station, TX, 77843-2124, USA, - - 2014
Uncertainties inherent in fisheries motivate a precautionary approach to management, meaning an approach specifically intended to avoid bad outcomes. Stochastic dynamic optimization models, which have been in the fisheries literature for decades, provide a framework for decision making when uncertain outcomes have known probabilities. However, most such models incorporate population ...
Artzrouni Marc M Department of Mathematics (UMR CNRS 5142) University of Pau; - - 2014
We propose a Leslie matrix model for the population dynamics of Sicyopterus lagocephalus in La Réunion. In order to capture both the amphidromous and the seasonal natures of the species' life history the model has four stages (sea + three river sites) and is cyclical with a 12 month period. ...
Shafieezadeh Abdollah A Department of Civil, Environmental and Geodetic Engineering, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, - - 2014
This article presents an asset-level security risk management framework to assist stakeholders of critical assets with allocating limited budgets for enhancing their safety and security against terrorist attack. The proposed framework models the security system of an asset, considers various threat scenarios, and models the sequential decision framework of attackers ...
Bried Jason J Department of Zoology, Oklahoma State University, 501 Life Sciences West, Stillwater, OK, 74078, USA, - - 2014
Monitoring is essential to track the long-term recovery of endangered species. Greater emphasis on habitat monitoring is especially important for taxa whose populations may be difficult to quantify (e.g., insects) or when true recovery (delisting) requires continuous species-specific habitat management. In this paper, we outline and implement a standardized framework ...
Caniato Marco M University of Brescia, Brescia, - - 2014
We have developed a new methodology for assessing solid waste management in a situation of armed conflict. This methodology is composed of six phases with specific activities, and suggested methods and tools. The collection, haulage, and disposal of waste in low- and middle-income countries is so complicated and expensive task ...
Kati Vassiliki V University of Patras, Department of Environmental & Natural Resources Management, Seferi 2, 30100 Agrinio, Greece. vkati@upatras.gr, - - 2014
Established under the European Union (EU) Birds and Habitats Directives, Natura 2000 is one of the largest international networks of protected areas. With the spatial designation of sites by the EU member states almost finalized, the biggest challenge still lying ahead is the appropriate management of the sites. To evaluate ...
Davis Katrina K Centre for Environmental Economics and Policy, School of Agricultural and Resource Economics, University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, Western Australia, 6009, Australia. - - 2014
Marine fish stocks are in many cases extracted above sustainable levels, but they may be protected through restricted-use zoning systems. The effectiveness of these systems typically depends on support from coastal fishing communities. High management costs including those of enforcement may, however, deter fishers from supporting marine management. We incorporated ...
Wittmann Marion E ME Department of Biological Sciences, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46656, U.S.A.. - - 2014
Identifying which nonindigenous species will become invasive and forecasting the damage they will cause is difficult and presents a significant problem for natural resource management. Often, the data or resources necessary for ecological risk assessment are incomplete or absent, leaving environmental decision makers ill equipped to effectively manage valuable natural ...
Pfender William W 3450 SW CAmpus WayCorvallis, Oregon, United States, 97331 ; - - 2014
STEMRUST_G, a simulation model for epidemics of stem rust in perennial ryegrass grown to maturity as a seed crop, was validated for use as an heuristic tool and as a decision aid for disease management with fungicides. Multi-stage validation had been used in model creation, by incorporating previously-validated submodels for ...
Ventura Augusto de Oliveira Brunow AD Center for Marine Studies - Federal University of Paraná (UFPR), Mailbox 50.002, 83255-979 Pontal do Paraná, Paraná, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Environmental vulnerability can be understood as a function of exposure to impacts and the sensitivity and adaptive capacity of ecological systems towards environmental tensors. The present study empirically evaluated the vulnerability of forest stands that make up the subtropical Perequê River mangrove (Paranaguá Bay, S Brazil) as the basis for ...
Alani Amir M - - 2014
Millions of dollars are being spent worldwide on the repair and maintenance of sewer networks and wastewater treatment plants. The production and emission of hydrogen sulphide has been identified as a major cause of corrosion and odour problems in sewer networks. Accurate prediction of sulphide build-up in a sewer system ...
Ragab M M Instituto de Ciencia y Tecnología Animal, Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain; Poultry Production Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Kafer El-Sheikh University, Kafer El-Sheikh, - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to use demographic and litter size data on four Spanish maternal lines of rabbits (A, V, H and LP), as a case study, in order to: (i) estimate the effective population size of the lines, as a measure of the rate of increase of ...
Pickett John A JA *Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Hertfordshire AL5 2JQ, - - 2014
The interaction between volatile and non-volatile, e.g. proteinaceous, components of pheromone and other semiochemical-based signalling systems presents a daunting set of problems for exploitation in the management of vertebrates, good or bad. Aggravating this is the complexity of the mixtures involved with pheromones, not only by definition associated with each ...
Sinnwell Jason P JP Division of Biomedical Statistics and Informatics, Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn., - - 2014
Background: The kinship2 package is restructured from the previous kinship package. Existing features are now enhanced and new features added for handling pedigree objects. Methods: Pedigree plotting features have been updated to display features on complex pedigrees while adhering to pedigree plotting standards. Kinship matrices can now be calculated for ...
Yuval Yuval Y Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Technion, Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 32000, Israel. - - 2014
A large fraction of the fresh water available for human use is stored in groundwater aquifers. Since human activities such as mining, agriculture, industry and urbanisation often result in incursion of various pollutants to groundwater, routine monitoring of water quality is an indispensable component of judicious aquifer management. Unfortunately, groundwater ...
Dowhaniuk Nicholas N Department of Natural Resources and the Environment, University of New Hampshire, 114 James Hall, 56 College Road, Durham, NH, 03824, USA, - - 2014
Geographic information systems and remote sensing technologies have become an important tool for visualizing conservation management and developing solutions to problems associated with conservation. When multiple organizations separately develop spatial data representations of protected areas, implicit error arises due to variation between data sets. We used boundary data produced by ...
Che Yue Y Shanghai Key Laboratory of Urbanization and Ecological Restoration, East China Normal University, No. 500 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai, 200241, - - 2014
River networks have both ecological and social benefits for urban development. However, river networks have suffered extensive destruction as a result of urbanization and industrialization, especially in China. River restoration is a growth business but suffers poor efficiency due to a lack of social understanding. Assessing the benefits of river ...
Khosrovyan A A UNESCO UNITWIN/WiCop, Physical Chemistry Department, Faculty of Marine and Environmental Sciences, University of Cadiz, Polígono Río San Pedro s/n, Puerto Real 11510, Cádiz, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
The results of sediment quality assessment by two different weight-of-evidence methodologies were compared. Both methodologies used the same dataset but as criteria and procedures were different, the results emphasized different aspects of sediment contamination. One of the methodologies integrated the data by means of a multivariate analysis and suggested bioavailability ...
Wang Xuejiao X College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, China Agricultural University, Beijing, - - 2014
In general, the quality of fruits depends on local conditions experienced by the fruit during its development. In cotton, fruit quality and more specifically quality of the fiber in the fruit, depends on interactions between fruit position in the plant architecture, temperature and agronomical practices, such as sowing time, mulching ...
Nadal E E Departament de Matemàtiques, Universitat de Lleida, Jaume II 73, 25003, Lleida, Spain - - 2014
This paper presents a multi-period planning tool for multisite pig production systems based on a Linear Programming (LP). The aim of the model is to help pig managers of multisite systems in making short-term decisions (mainly related to pig transfers between farms and batch management in fattening units) and long ...
Andersson-Sköld Y Y University of Gothenburg, Department of Earth Sciences, PO Box 460, SE-405 30 Göteborg, Sweden; COWI AB, PO Box 12076, SE-402 41 Göteborg, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
Marginal, often contaminated, sites exist in large areas across the world as a result of historic activities such as industry, transportation and mineral extraction. Remediation, or other improvements, of these sites is typically only considered for sites with high exploitation pressure and those posing the highest risks to human health ...
Gallardo A A Dept. Mechanical Engineering and Construction, Jaume I University, Av. de Vicent Sos Baynat s/n, 12071 Castelló de la Plana, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
The municipal solid waste (MSW) management is an important task that local governments as well as private companies must take into account to protect human health, the environment and to preserve natural resources. To design an adequate MSW management plan the first step consist in defining the waste generation and ...
Ager Alan A AA USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Western Wildland Environmental Threat Assessment Center, 75210 Coyote Road, Pendleton, OR 97801, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Substantial investments in fuel management activities on national forests in the western US are part of a national strategy to reduce human and ecological losses from catastrophic wildfire and create fire resilient landscapes. Prioritizing these investments within and among national forests remains a challenge, partly because a comprehensive assessment that ...
Kolen Bas B Senior Consultant Disaster and Flood Risk Management, HKV Consultants, The - - 2014
A traditional view of decision-making for evacuation planning is that, given an uncertain threat, there is a deterministic way of defining the best decision. In other words, there is a linear relation between threat, decision, and execution consequences. Alternatives and the impact of uncertainties are not taken into account. This ...
Tingley Reid R School of Botany, The University of Melbourne, VIC 3010, Australia; - - 2014
Accurate forecasts of biological invasions are crucial for managing invasion risk but are hampered by niche shifts resulting from evolved environmental tolerances (fundamental niche shifts) or the presence of novel biotic and abiotic conditions in the invaded range (realized niche shifts). Distinguishing between these kinds of niche shifts is impossible ...
Gafni Erik E Center for Biomedical Informatics, Harvard Medical School, 10 Shattuck Street, Boston MA 02115 USA, Department of Pathology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, 330 Brookline Avenue, Boston, MA 02215 USA, Faculty of Sciences of Rabat, 4 Ibn Battouta Avenue, Rabat B.P:1014RP - - 2014
Efficient workflows to shepherd clinically-generated genomic data through the multiple stages of a next-generation sequencing (NGS) pipeline is of critical importance in translational biomedical science. Here we present COSMOS, a Python library for workflow management that allows formal description of pipelines and partitioning of jobs. In addition, it includes a ...
Paemeleire Koen K Department of Neurology, Ghent University Hospital, De Pintelaan 185, B-9000, Ghent, Belgium, - - 2014
Chronic migraine (CM) is a disabling neurological condition affecting 0.5-2 % of the population. In the current third edition of the International Classification of Headache Disorders, medication overuse is no longer an exclusion criterion and CM is diagnosed in patients suffering from at least 15 headache days per month of which ...
Vacik Harald H University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences (BOKU), Institute of Silviculture, Department of Forest and Soil Sciences, Vienna, Austria. Electronic address: - - 2014
Programme-based Planning of Natural Resources (PBPNR) is an evolving planning frame for solving complex land use, environmental and forest management problems within hierarchically administrated funding and decision-making schemes. PBPNR acknowledges that an effective planning process requires the combined consideration of environmental, technological, economic and socio-political factors. To reach acceptability, commitment ...
Bates Matthew E - - 2014
Effective management of contaminated sediments is important for long-term human and environmental health, but site-management decisions are often made under high uncertainty and without the help of structured decision support tools. Potential tradeoffs between remedial costs, environmental effects, human health risks, and societal benefits, as well as fundamental differences in ...
Trolle Dennis D Department of Bioscience, Aarhus University, Vejlsøvej 25, PO Box 314, 8600, Silkeborg, Denmark, - - 2014
While expansion of agricultural land area and intensification of agricultural practices through irrigation and fertilizer use can bring many benefits to communities, intensifying land use also causes more contaminants, such as nutrients and pesticides, to enter rivers, lakes, and groundwater. For lakes such as Benmore in the Waitaki catchment, South ...
Krauzlis Richard J RJ Laboratory of Sensorimotor Research, National Eye Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Attention is commonly thought to be important for managing the limited resources available in sensory areas of the neocortex. Here we present an alternative view that attention arises as a byproduct of circuits centered on the basal ganglia involved in value-based decision making. The central idea is that decision making ...
Fischbein D D Grupo de Ecología de Poblaciones de Insectos,Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, Estación Experimental San Carlos de - - 2014
Classical biological control is a key method for managing populations of pests in long-lived crops such as plantation forestry. The execution of biological control programmes in general, as the evaluation of potential natural enemies remains, to a large extent, an empirical endeavour. Thus, characterizing specific cases to determine patterns that ...
Ravit Beth B Department of Environmental Sciences, School of Environmental & Biological Sciences, Rutgers University, 14 College Farm Road, New Brunswick, NJ, - - 2014
Successful reintroduction of 'ecologically extinct' bivalve species into anthropogenically impaired urban estuaries is problematic when employing existing management tools used in estuaries where bivalves are present (GIS-based restoration models, expanding existing shellfish beds, placement of shell substrate, physical oceanographic parameters). A significant management challenge is appropriate site selection. We are ...
Kesete Yohannes Y School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, 14853, - - 2014
The current system for managing natural disaster risk in the United States is problematic for both homeowners and insurers. Homeowners are often uninsured or underinsured against natural disaster losses, and typically do not invest in retrofits that can reduce losses. Insurers often do not want to insure against these losses, ...
Zangara Gianluca G 1 National Research Council, Institute of Biomedicine and Molecular Immunology "Alberto Monroy," Palermo , Italy - - 2014
Abstract Introduction: The use of open source technologies to create collaboration platforms can produce huge advantages with small investment. Materials and Methods: We set up a telemedicine network for a healthcare district with typical centralization issues of developing countries. Our network was built using broadband Internet connection, and the digital ...
Allesch Astrid A Vienna University of Technology, Institute for Water Quality, Resource and Waste Management, Vienna, - - 2014
Assessment methods are common tools to support decisions regarding waste management. The objective of this review article is to provide guidance for the selection of appropriate evaluation methods. For this purpose, frequently used assessment methods are reviewed, categorised, and summarised. In total, 151 studies have been considered in view of ...
Corrales Juliana J Department of Earth and Environment, Florida International University, 11200 SW 8th St. Miami, FL 33174, United States; Science Department, Everglades Foundation, 18001 Old Cutler Road, Suite 625, Palmetto Bay, FL 33157, United - - 2014
Water quality and economic models were linked to assess the economic and environmental benefits of implementing a phosphorus credit trading program in an agricultural sub-basin of Lake Okeechobee watershed, Florida, United States. The water quality model determined the effects of rainfall, land use type, and agricultural management practices on the ...
Gordillo Luis F LF Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Utah State University, Logan, UT 84322, United States. - - 2014
To determine optimal sterile insect release policies in area-wide integrated pest management is a challenge that users of this pest control method inevitably confront. In this note we provide approximations to best policies of release through the use of simulated annealing. The discrete time model for the population dynamics includes ...
Rintala Tuula-Maria TM Tampere University of Applied Sciences, - - 2014
Aim To describe the challenges in combining two data sets during grounded theory analysis. Background The use of grounded theory in nursing research is common. It is a suitable method for studying human action and interaction. It is recommended that many alternative sources of data are collected to create as ...
Dauwalder Olivier O Hospices Civils de Lyon, Laboratoire de Bactériologie, Centre de Biologie et de Pathologie Est, Bron, F-69677, France; CIRI, International Center for Infectiology Research; Inserm, U1111; CNRS, UMR5308; Université Lyon 1, École Normale Supérieure de Lyon, Lyon, F-69008, - - 2014
After a historical period in which Clinical Microbiology Laboratories (CML) were only a subset of Clinical Chemistry laboratories (CCL), CMLs were individualized and their organization mirrored the "Pasteur model," based on overnight incubation and reading in the daytime, with natural lighting for adequate plate reading. Outside of the open hours, ...
Pitts-Singer Theresa L TL USDA ARS, Pollinating Insects Research Unit, Utah State University, Logan, Utah USA 84322. Electronic address: - - 2014
Many insects, including some bees, have extensive subcontinental distributions that can differ in climatic conditions. Within and beyond these distributions, humans intentionally transport beneficial insects, including bees, to non-natal geographic locations. Insects also are experiencing unprecedented climatic change in their resident localities. For solitary bees, we know very little about ...
Singh Ajay A Agricultural and Food Engineering Department, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, West Bengal 721302, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
The global population is increasing rapidly and expected to touch the 9.5 billion mark by 2050 from the current 7.2 billion. The management of the groundwater resources is a challenging task worldwide against the backdrop of the growing water demand for industrial, agricultural, and domestic uses and shrinking resources. Moreover, ...
Taxell Piia P Work Environment Development, Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Topeliuksenkatu 41 a A, 00250 Helsinki, Finland - - 2014
The requirements of the European Union Regulation on the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH), including the preparation of exposure scenarios for the communication of safe use, are focused on single substances. Since the chemical products used at workplaces are typically mixtures, it is important to ensure that ...
Cornelissen Evelyn E Department of Family Practice, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada; Centre for Clinical Epidemiology and Evaluation, Vancouver Coastal Health Research Institute, University of British Columbia, 7th Floor, 828 West 10th Ave., Research Pavilion, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V5Z 1M9. Electronic address: - - 2014
Techniques to manage scarce healthcare resources continue to evolve in response to changing, growing and competing demands. Yet there is no standard definition in the priority setting literature of what might constitute the desired impact or success of resource management activities. In this 2006-09 study, using action research methodology, we ...
Beaudet Amélie A IMS Health, Basel, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Economic analysis in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) requires an assessment of the effect of a wide range of complications. The objective of this article was to identify a set of utility values consistent with the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) reference case and to critically discuss ...
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