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Gordillo Luis F LF Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Utah State University, Logan, UT 84322, United States. - - 2014
To determine optimal sterile insect release policies in area-wide integrated pest management is a challenge that users of this pest control method inevitably confront. In this note we provide approximations to best policies of release through the use of simulated annealing. The discrete time model for the population dynamics includes ...
Imong Inaoyom I Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany; Wildlife Conservation Society, Nigeria Program, Calabar, Cross River State, - - 2014
Connectivity among subpopulations is vital for the persistence of small and fragmented populations. For management interventions to be effective conservation planners have to make the critical distinction between structural connectivity (based on landscape structure) and functional connectivity (which considers both landscape structure and organism-specific behavioral attributes) which can differ considerably ...
Richardson Leslie L U.S. Geological Survey, Fort Collins Science Center, Policy Analysis & Science Assistance Branch, 2150 Centre Avenue, Bldg. C, Fort Collins, CO 80526, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Viewing bears along roadside habitats is a popular recreational activity in certain national parks throughout the United States. However, safely managing visitors during traffic jams that result from this activity often requires the use of limited park resources. Using unique visitor survey data, this study quantifies economic values associated with ...
Tam Vivian Wy VW School of Computing, Engineering and Mathematics, University of Western Sydney, Penrith, NSW, - - 2014
This article examines the complexity of construction waste management in Shenzhen, Mainland China. In-depth analysis of waste generation, transportation, recycling, landfill and illegal dumping of various inherent management phases is explored. A system dynamics modeling using Stella model is developed. Effects of landfill charges and also penalties from illegal dumping ...
Fitzsimmons Deborah D Swansea Centre for Health Economics, Swansea University, Swansea, - - 2014
The aim of this paper is to estimate the relative cost-effectiveness of treatment regimens for managing patients with sciatica. A deterministic model structure was constructed, based on information from the findings from a systematic review of clinical and cost-effectiveness, published sources of unit costs and expert opinion. The assumption was ...
Rose Adam A National Center for Risk and Economic Analysis of Terrorism Events, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, - - 2014
This article presents a framework for economic consequence analysis of terrorism countermeasures. It specifies major categories of direct and indirect costs, benefits, spillover effects, and transfer payments that must be estimated in a comprehensive assessment. It develops a spreadsheet tool for data collection, storage, and refinement, as well as estimation ...
Udovyk O O School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Södertörn University, 141 89 Huddinge, Sweden; Water and Environmental Studies, Linköping University, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study investigated science-policy interaction models and their limitations under conditions of uncertainty. In detail, it looked at the management of the suspected endocrine-disrupting chemical Bisphenol A (BPA). Despite growing evidence that BPA is hazardous to human and environmental health, the level of scientific uncertainty is still high and, as ...
Bouckaert Remco R Computational Evolution Group, Department of Computer Science, University of Auckland, Auckland, New - - 2014
We present a new open source, extensible and flexible software platform for Bayesian evolutionary analysis called BEAST 2. This software platform is a re-design of the popular BEAST 1 platform to correct structural deficiencies that became evident as the BEAST 1 software evolved. Key among those deficiencies was the lack ...
Janeiro João J Centro de Investigação Marinha e Ambiental, Universidade do Algarve, Campus de Gambelas, 8005-139 Faro, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
A new approach towards the management of oil pollution accidents in marine sensitive areas is presented in this work. A set of nested models in a downscaling philosophy was implemented, externally forced by existing regional operational products. The 3D hydrodynamics, turbulence and the oil transport/weathering models are all linked in ...
Harder Marie K MK Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Fudan University, 220 Handan Road, Shanghai 200433, China; Sustainable Development Coordination Unit, Faculty of Science and Engineering, University of Brighton, Cockcroft Building, Lewes Road, Brighton BN2 4GJ, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
There have been recent calls for a shift to an evidence-based paradigm in environmental management, grounded in systematic monitoring and evaluation, but achieving this will be complex and difficult. Evaluating the educational components of environmental initiatives presents particular challenges, because these programs often have multiple concurrent goals and may value ...
Peck Steven L SL Biology Department, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
It is becoming clear that handling the inherent complexity found in ecological systems is an essential task for finding ways to control insect pests of tropical livestock such as tsetse flies, and old and new world screwworms. In particular, challenging multivalent management programs, such as Area Wide Integrated Pest Management ...
Lackey Amanda E AE Department of Radiology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, - - 2014
It is an opportune time for radiologists to focus on personal productivity. The ever increasing reliance on computers and the Internet has significantly changed the way we work. Myriad software applications are available to help us improve our personal efficiency. In this article, the authors discuss some tools that help ...
Saugy Martial M Swiss Laboratory for Doping Analyses, University Centre of Legal Medicine, Genève and Lausanne, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois and University of Lausanne, Epalinges, - - 2014
The athlete biological passport (ABP) was recently implemented in anti-doping work and is based on the individual and longitudinal monitoring of haematological or urine markers. These may be influenced by illicit procedures performed by some athletes with the intent to improve exercise performance. Hence the ABP is a valuable tool ...
Merrill Scott C SC Department of Plant and Soil Science, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT, - - 2014
Arthropod pests are typically managed using tactics applied uniformly to the whole field. Precision Pest Management applies tactics under the assumption that within-field, pest pressure differences exist. This approach allows for more precise and judicious use of scouting resources and management tactics. For example, a portion of a field delineated ...
Carrillo-Rubio Eduardo E Department of Natural Resources, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, - - 2014
Forest degradation is arguably the greatest threat to biodiversity, ecosystem services, and rural livelihoods. Therefore, increasing understanding of how organisms respond to degradation is essential for management and conservation planning. We were motivated by the need for rapid and practical analytical tools to assess the influence of management and degradation ...
Caniato Marco M University of Brescia, Research Centre on Appropriate Technologies for Environmental Management in Developing Countries (CeTAmb), Via Branze, 43, 25123 Brescia, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Assessing the strengths and weaknesses of a solid waste management scheme requires an accurate analysis and integration of several determining features. In addition to the technical aspects, any such system shows a complex interaction of actors with varying stakes, decision-making power and influence, as well as a favourable or disabling ...
Levis James William - - 2014
Solid waste management (SWM) systems must proactively adapt to changing policy requirements, waste composition, and an evolving energy system to sustainably manage future solid waste. This study represents the first application of an optimizable dynamic life-cycle assessment framework capable of considering these future changes. The framework was used to draw ...
Santos Joost R JR Engineering Management and Systems Engineering, The George Washington University, 1776 G Street NW, Washington, DC, - - 2014
The objective of this article is to discuss a needed paradigm shift in disaster risk analysis to emphasize the role of the workforce in managing the recovery of interdependent infrastructure and economic systems. Much of the work that has been done on disaster risk analysis has focused primarily on preparedness ...
Epstein Beth - - 2014
There are many possible disruptions that can occur in business. Overlooking or under planning for Business Continuity requires time, understanding and careful planning. Business Continuity Management is far more than producing a document and declaring business continuity success. What is the recipe for businesses to achieve continuity management success? Application ...
Renton Michael M School of Plant Biology, Australian Herbicide Resistance Initiative and Institute of Agriculture, The University of Western Australia, WA, - - 2014
Computer simulation modelling is an essential aid in building an integrated understanding of how different factors interact to affect the evolutionary and population dynamics of herbicide resistance, and thus help predict and manage how it will impact agricultural systems. In this review, we first discuss why computer simulation modelling is ...
Neal Andrew - - 2014
The aim of this study was to develop a model capable of predicting variability in the mental workload experienced by frontline operators under routine and nonroutine conditions. Excess workload is a risk that needs to be managed in safety-critical industries. Predictive models are needed to manage this risk effectively yet ...
Espinosa J Alberto - - 2014
We propose a network perspective of team knowledge that offers both conceptual and methodological advantages, expanding explanatory value through representation and measurement of component structure and content. Team knowledge has typically been conceptualized and measured with relatively simple aggregates, without fully accounting for differing knowledge configurations among team members. Teams ...
Geremia C - - 2014
Throughout the world, fragmentation of landscapes by human activities has constrained the opportunity for large herbivores to migrate. Conflict between people and wildlife results when migrating animals transmit disease to livestock, damage property, and threaten human safety. Mitigating this conflict requires understanding the forces that shape migration patterns. Bison Bos ...
Pedrosa V B VB Grupo de Melhoramento Animal, Departamento de Zootecnia, Universidade Estadual de Ponta Grossa, Ponta Grossa, PR, Brasil - - 2014
Data from 69,525 animals were used to compare two types of analyses, one of them having the weaning management group (WEMANG) included as an effect in the contemporary group (F_WEMANG) and the other considering the weaning management group as a random effect, not related to the mathematical model (R_WEMANG) for ...
Soler Laura - - 2014
One of the major challenges in pig production is managing digestive health to maximize feed conversion and growth rates, but also to minimize treatment costs and to warrant public health. There is a great interest in the development of useful tools for intestinal health monitoring and the investigation of possible ...
Asllani Arben A College of Business, University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, Chattanooga, - - 2014
The primary goals of apheresis platelet (AP) inventory management are to meet demand and minimize waste. AP inventory management is complicated by unpredictable demand for a product with a shelf life of only a few days and by hospital requests for APs that match the ABO types of patients identically. ...
Wang Xue X Golisano Institute for Sustainability (GIS), Rochester Institute of Technology, 81-2175 111 Lomb Memorial Drive, Rochester, NY 14623, - - 2014
While disposal bans of lithium-ion batteries are gaining in popularity, the infrastructure required to recycle these batteries has not yet fully emerged and the economic motivation for this type of recycling system has not yet been quantified comprehensively. This study combines economic modeling and fundamental material characterization methods to quantify ...
Buxton Rachel T RT Department of Zoology, University of Otago, P.O. Box 56, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand; Centre for Sustainability: Agriculture, Food, Energy, and Environment, University of Otago, P.O. Box 56, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand. - - 2014
Eradication of introduced mammalian predators from islands has become increasingly common, with over 800 successful projects around the world. Historically, introduced predators extirpated or reduced the size of many seabird populations, changing the dynamics of entire island ecosystems. Although the primary outcome of many eradication projects is the restoration of ...
Haatanen Anniina A European Forest Institute, Yliopistokatu 6, FI-80100 Joensuu, - - 2014
In this study participatory approaches were used to develop alternative forest resource management scenarios with particular respect to the effects on increased use of forest bioenergy and its effect on biodiversity in Eastern Finland. As technical planning tools, we utilized a forest management planning system (MELA) and the Tool for ...
Hayes David F DF Windsong Radiology Group, Amherst, New York. Electronic address: - - 2014
The dysfunction of the radiology group has 2 components: (1) the thinking component-the governance structure of the radiology group; how we manage the group; and (2) the structural component-the group's business model and its conflict with the partner's personal business model. Of the 2 components, governance is more important. Governance ...
Lehtonen Kari K KK Marine Research Centre, Finnish Environment Institute, Hakuninmaantie 6, Helsinki, 00430, Finland, - - 2014
The need to develop biological effects monitoring to facilitate a reliable assessment of hazardous substances has been emphasized in the Baltic Sea Action Plan of the Helsinki Commission. An integrated chemical-biological approach is vitally important for the understanding and proper assessment of anthropogenic pressures and their effects on the Baltic ...
Rahikainen Mika M Fisheries and Environmental Management Group (FEM), Department of Environmental Sciences, Helsinki University Centre for Environment (HENVI) and Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE), Viikinkaari 2a, P.O. Box 65, 00014, Helsinki, Finland, - - 2014
Understanding and managing ecosystems affected by several anthropogenic stressors require methods that enable analyzing the joint effects of different factors in one framework. Further, as scientific knowledge about natural systems is loaded with uncertainty, it is essential that analyses are based on a probabilistic approach. We describe in this article ...
Burton A Cole AC Alberta Biodiversity Monitoring Institute, Edmonton, AB, Canada, - - 2014
Effective ecological monitoring is imperative in a human-dominated world, as our ability to manage functioning ecosystems will depend on understanding biodiversity responses to anthropogenic impacts. Yet, most monitoring efforts have either been narrowly focused on particular sites, species and stressors - thus inadequately considering the cumulative effects of multiple, interacting ...
Cruz Igor C S IC Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ecologia e Evolução, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Instituto de Biologia Roberto Alcantara Gomes, Rua São Francisco Xavier 524, PHLC Sala 220 Maracanã, 20559-900 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Extensive degradation of coral reefs makes it imperative to create functional models that demonstrate ecological processes which occur in alternative states that persist over time. These models provide important information that can help in decision making regarding management measures for both the prevention of further degradation and the recovery of ...
Swain Jason E JE Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48108, United States; Fertility Lab Sciences, Englewood, CO 80112, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Incubators in the IVF laboratory play a pivotal role in providing a stable and appropriate culture environment required for optimizing embryo development and clinical outcomes. With technological advances, several types of incubators are now available and careful consideration is required for selection. Examination of variables, such as recovery/stabilization of temperature, ...
van den Elshout Sef S DCMR Environmental Protection Agency Rijnmond, PO Box 843, 3100AV Schiedam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Traffic is the dominant source of air pollution in cities. We simulated 'adaptive traffic management' (temporary traffic interventions that are invoked based on preset conditions such as high ambient concentrations) aimed at reducing traffic related air pollution. We compared these results with the effect of permanent temporary traffic interventions (measures ...
Russo Tommaso T Laboratory of Experimental Ecology and Aquaculture, Department of Biology, "Tor Vergata" University of Rome, via della Ricerca Scientifica s.n.c., Rome, - - 2014
Management of catches, effort and exploitation pattern are considered the most effective measures to control fishing mortality and ultimately ensure productivity and sustainability of fisheries. Despite the growing concerns about the spatial dimension of fisheries, the distribution of resources and fishing effort in space is seldom considered in assessment and ...
Greene Krista L KL Department of Technology and Society, College of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794-3760, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The primary objective of waste management technologies and policies in the United States is to reduce the harmful environmental impacts of waste, particularly those relating to energy consumption and climate change. Performance indicators are frequently used to evaluate the environmental quality of municipal waste systems, as well as to compare ...
Paprocki Neil N Department of Biological Sciences, Boise State University, Boise, Idaho, United States of America ; Raptor Research Center, Boise State University, Boise, Idaho, United States of - - 2014
Studies of multiple taxa across broad-scales suggest that species distributions are shifting poleward in response to global climate change. Recognizing the influence of distribution shifts on population indices will be an important part of interpreting trends within management units because current practice often assumes that changes in local populations reflect ...
Bereswill Renja R Institute for Environmental Sciences, University Koblenz-Landau, Im Fort 7, 76829, Landau, - - 2014
Measures to mitigate the risk of pesticide entry into aquatic ecosystems are becoming increasingly more important in the management of hot spots of pesticide transfer; such management, for example, is required by the European Union's directive for the sustainable use of pesticides (2009/128/EC). Measures beyond those currently stipulated for pesticide ...
Costa Bryan B Biogeography Branch, National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Silver Spring, Maryland, United States of America ; Consolidated Safety Services, Fairfax, Virginia, United States of - - 2014
Reef fish distributions are patchy in time and space with some coral reef habitats supporting higher densities (i.e., aggregations) of fish than others. Identifying and quantifying fish aggregations (particularly during spawning events) are often top priorities for coastal managers. However, the rapid mapping of these aggregations using conventional survey methods ...
Belinson Jerome L JL Preventive Oncology International, Cleveland Heights, OH, USA; The Women's Health Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To develop and implement a community based model for cervical cancer prevention that allows the communities to manage the screening and the healthcare system to focus resources on evaluation and management of the positives. Using self-sampling and the concepts founded in Community Based Participatory Research (CBPR), we progressively developed a ...
Tseng Shih-Chang SC Liberal Education Center, National Ilan University, No. 1, Shen-long Road, Sec. 1, Ilan 260, - - 2014
Incorporating sustainability into supply chain management has become a critical issue driven by pressures from governments, customers, and various stakeholder groups over the past decade. This study proposes a strategic decision-making model considering both the operational costs and social costs caused by the carbon dioxide emissions from operating such a ...
White Tim D TD Department of Integrative Biology and Human Evolution Research Center, The University of California at Berkeley Berkeley, CA, 94720, - - 2014
Evolutionary biologists created a large twentieth-century literature about delimiting biological species. Paleontologists contributed the unique complications of deep time. Toward century's end, one participant wrote: "In all probability more paper has been consumed on the questions of the nature and definition of the species than any other subject in evolutionary ...
Rocklin Delphine D UMR M101, Aménagement des Usages, des Ressources et des Espaces marins et littoraux, Observatoire des Sciences de l'Univers - Institut Universitaire Européen de la Mer, Université de Brest, Brest, - - 2014
Fisheries statistics are known to be underestimated, since they are mainly based on information about commercial fisheries. However, various types of fishing activities exist and evaluating them is necessary for implementing effective management plans. This paper assesses the characteristics and catches of the French European sea bass recreational fishery along ...
Moore Christine C Percy FitzPatrick Institute, DST/NRF Centre of Excellence, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, Cape Town, South - - 2014
The focus of management in many complex systems is shifting towards facilitation, adaptation, building resilience, and reducing vulnerability. Resilience management requires the development and application of general heuristics and methods for tracking changes in both resilience and vulnerability. We explored the emergence of vulnerability in the South African domestic ostrich ...
Feng Nan N 0000-0001-5646-0397 College of Management and Economics, Tianjin University, 92 Weijin Road, Nankai District, Tianjin 300072, - - 2014
Given the increasing cooperation between organizations, the flexible exchange of security information across the allied organizations is critical to effectively manage information systems (IS) security in a distributed environment. In this paper, we develop a cooperative model for IS security risk management in a distributed environment. In the proposed model, ...
Cohen-Boulakia Sarah - - 2014
Scientific workflows management systems are increasingly used to specify and manage bioinformatics experiments. Their programming model appeals to bioinformaticians, who can use them to easily specify complex data processing pipelines. Such a model is underpinned by a graph structure, where nodes represent bioinformatics tasks and links represent the dataflow. The ...
Palla Piergiorgio - - 2014
In recent years, the experimental aspects of the laboratory activities have been growing in complexity in terms of amount and diversity of data produced, equipment used, of computer-based workflows needed to process and analyze the raw data generated. To enhance the level of quality control over the laboratory activities and ...
Rassweiler Andrew A Marine Science Institute, University of California Santa Barbara, , Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA, Bren School of Environmental Science and Management, University of California Santa Barbara, , Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA, Earth Research Institute and Department of Geography, University of California Santa Barbara, , Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA, School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences, University of Washington, , Seattle, WA 98195, - - 2014
Marine spatial planning (MSP), whereby areas of the ocean are zoned for different uses, has great potential to reduce or eliminate conflicts between competing management goals, but only if strategically applied. The recent literature overwhelmingly agrees that including stakeholders in these planning processes is critical to success; but, given the ...
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