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Costa Ciniro C Jr a Center of Nuclear Energy in Agriculture, Laboratory of Biogeochemistry , University of São Paulo , Piracicaba , São Paulo , - - 2014
Intensive beef production has increased during recent decades in Brazil and may substantially increase both methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions from manure management. However, the quantification of these gases and methods for extrapolating them are scarce in Brazil. A case study examines CH4 and N2O emissions from one ...
Alani Amir M - - 2014
Millions of dollars are being spent worldwide on the repair and maintenance of sewer networks and wastewater treatment plants. The production and emission of hydrogen sulphide has been identified as a major cause of corrosion and odour problems in sewer networks. Accurate prediction of sulphide build-up in a sewer system ...
Yuval Yuval Y Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Technion, Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 32000, Israel. - - 2014
A large fraction of the fresh water available for human use is stored in groundwater aquifers. Since human activities such as mining, agriculture, industry and urbanisation often result in incursion of various pollutants to groundwater, routine monitoring of water quality is an indispensable component of judicious aquifer management. Unfortunately, groundwater ...
Dowhaniuk Nicholas N Department of Natural Resources and the Environment, University of New Hampshire, 114 James Hall, 56 College Road, Durham, NH, 03824, USA, - - 2014
Geographic information systems and remote sensing technologies have become an important tool for visualizing conservation management and developing solutions to problems associated with conservation. When multiple organizations separately develop spatial data representations of protected areas, implicit error arises due to variation between data sets. We used boundary data produced by ...
Che Yue Y Shanghai Key Laboratory of Urbanization and Ecological Restoration, East China Normal University, No. 500 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai, 200241, - - 2014
River networks have both ecological and social benefits for urban development. However, river networks have suffered extensive destruction as a result of urbanization and industrialization, especially in China. River restoration is a growth business but suffers poor efficiency due to a lack of social understanding. Assessing the benefits of river ...
Khosrovyan A A UNESCO UNITWIN/WiCop, Physical Chemistry Department, Faculty of Marine and Environmental Sciences, University of Cadiz, Polígono Río San Pedro s/n, Puerto Real 11510, Cádiz, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
The results of sediment quality assessment by two different weight-of-evidence methodologies were compared. Both methodologies used the same dataset but as criteria and procedures were different, the results emphasized different aspects of sediment contamination. One of the methodologies integrated the data by means of a multivariate analysis and suggested bioavailability ...
Wang Xuejiao X College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, China Agricultural University, Beijing, - - 2014
In general, the quality of fruits depends on local conditions experienced by the fruit during its development. In cotton, fruit quality and more specifically quality of the fiber in the fruit, depends on interactions between fruit position in the plant architecture, temperature and agronomical practices, such as sowing time, mulching ...
Nadal E E Departament de Matemàtiques, Universitat de Lleida, Jaume II 73, 25003, Lleida, Spain - - 2014
This paper presents a multi-period planning tool for multisite pig production systems based on a Linear Programming (LP). The aim of the model is to help pig managers of multisite systems in making short-term decisions (mainly related to pig transfers between farms and batch management in fattening units) and long ...
Andersson-Sköld Y Y University of Gothenburg, Department of Earth Sciences, PO Box 460, SE-405 30 Göteborg, Sweden; COWI AB, PO Box 12076, SE-402 41 Göteborg, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
Marginal, often contaminated, sites exist in large areas across the world as a result of historic activities such as industry, transportation and mineral extraction. Remediation, or other improvements, of these sites is typically only considered for sites with high exploitation pressure and those posing the highest risks to human health ...
Gallardo A A Dept. Mechanical Engineering and Construction, Jaume I University, Av. de Vicent Sos Baynat s/n, 12071 Castelló de la Plana, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
The municipal solid waste (MSW) management is an important task that local governments as well as private companies must take into account to protect human health, the environment and to preserve natural resources. To design an adequate MSW management plan the first step consist in defining the waste generation and ...
Ager Alan A AA USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Western Wildland Environmental Threat Assessment Center, 75210 Coyote Road, Pendleton, OR 97801, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Substantial investments in fuel management activities on national forests in the western US are part of a national strategy to reduce human and ecological losses from catastrophic wildfire and create fire resilient landscapes. Prioritizing these investments within and among national forests remains a challenge, partly because a comprehensive assessment that ...
Kolen Bas B Senior Consultant Disaster and Flood Risk Management, HKV Consultants, The - - 2014
A traditional view of decision-making for evacuation planning is that, given an uncertain threat, there is a deterministic way of defining the best decision. In other words, there is a linear relation between threat, decision, and execution consequences. Alternatives and the impact of uncertainties are not taken into account. This ...
Tingley Reid R School of Botany, The University of Melbourne, VIC 3010, Australia; - - 2014
Accurate forecasts of biological invasions are crucial for managing invasion risk but are hampered by niche shifts resulting from evolved environmental tolerances (fundamental niche shifts) or the presence of novel biotic and abiotic conditions in the invaded range (realized niche shifts). Distinguishing between these kinds of niche shifts is impossible ...
Gafni Erik E Center for Biomedical Informatics, Harvard Medical School, 10 Shattuck Street, Boston MA 02115 USA, Department of Pathology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, 330 Brookline Avenue, Boston, MA 02215 USA, Faculty of Sciences of Rabat, 4 Ibn Battouta Avenue, Rabat B.P:1014RP - - 2014
Efficient workflows to shepherd clinically-generated genomic data through the multiple stages of a next-generation sequencing (NGS) pipeline is of critical importance in translational biomedical science. Here we present COSMOS, a Python library for workflow management that allows formal description of pipelines and partitioning of jobs. In addition, it includes a ...
Paemeleire Koen K Department of Neurology, Ghent University Hospital, De Pintelaan 185, B-9000, Ghent, Belgium, - - 2014
Chronic migraine (CM) is a disabling neurological condition affecting 0.5-2 % of the population. In the current third edition of the International Classification of Headache Disorders, medication overuse is no longer an exclusion criterion and CM is diagnosed in patients suffering from at least 15 headache days per month of which ...
Vacik Harald H University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences (BOKU), Institute of Silviculture, Department of Forest and Soil Sciences, Vienna, Austria. Electronic address: - - 2014
Programme-based Planning of Natural Resources (PBPNR) is an evolving planning frame for solving complex land use, environmental and forest management problems within hierarchically administrated funding and decision-making schemes. PBPNR acknowledges that an effective planning process requires the combined consideration of environmental, technological, economic and socio-political factors. To reach acceptability, commitment ...
Bates Matthew E - - 2014
Effective management of contaminated sediments is important for long-term human and environmental health, but site-management decisions are often made under high uncertainty and without the help of structured decision support tools. Potential tradeoffs between remedial costs, environmental effects, human health risks, and societal benefits, as well as fundamental differences in ...
Trolle Dennis D Department of Bioscience, Aarhus University, Vejlsøvej 25, PO Box 314, 8600, Silkeborg, Denmark, - - 2014
While expansion of agricultural land area and intensification of agricultural practices through irrigation and fertilizer use can bring many benefits to communities, intensifying land use also causes more contaminants, such as nutrients and pesticides, to enter rivers, lakes, and groundwater. For lakes such as Benmore in the Waitaki catchment, South ...
Krauzlis Richard J RJ Laboratory of Sensorimotor Research, National Eye Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Attention is commonly thought to be important for managing the limited resources available in sensory areas of the neocortex. Here we present an alternative view that attention arises as a byproduct of circuits centered on the basal ganglia involved in value-based decision making. The central idea is that decision making ...
Fischbein D D Grupo de Ecología de Poblaciones de Insectos,Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, Estación Experimental San Carlos de - - 2014
Classical biological control is a key method for managing populations of pests in long-lived crops such as plantation forestry. The execution of biological control programmes in general, as the evaluation of potential natural enemies remains, to a large extent, an empirical endeavour. Thus, characterizing specific cases to determine patterns that ...
Ravit Beth B Department of Environmental Sciences, School of Environmental & Biological Sciences, Rutgers University, 14 College Farm Road, New Brunswick, NJ, - - 2014
Successful reintroduction of 'ecologically extinct' bivalve species into anthropogenically impaired urban estuaries is problematic when employing existing management tools used in estuaries where bivalves are present (GIS-based restoration models, expanding existing shellfish beds, placement of shell substrate, physical oceanographic parameters). A significant management challenge is appropriate site selection. We are ...
Kesete Yohannes Y School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, 14853, - - 2014
The current system for managing natural disaster risk in the United States is problematic for both homeowners and insurers. Homeowners are often uninsured or underinsured against natural disaster losses, and typically do not invest in retrofits that can reduce losses. Insurers often do not want to insure against these losses, ...
Zangara Gianluca G 1 National Research Council, Institute of Biomedicine and Molecular Immunology "Alberto Monroy," Palermo , Italy - - 2014
Abstract Introduction: The use of open source technologies to create collaboration platforms can produce huge advantages with small investment. Materials and Methods: We set up a telemedicine network for a healthcare district with typical centralization issues of developing countries. Our network was built using broadband Internet connection, and the digital ...
Allesch Astrid A Vienna University of Technology, Institute for Water Quality, Resource and Waste Management, Vienna, - - 2014
Assessment methods are common tools to support decisions regarding waste management. The objective of this review article is to provide guidance for the selection of appropriate evaluation methods. For this purpose, frequently used assessment methods are reviewed, categorised, and summarised. In total, 151 studies have been considered in view of ...
Corrales Juliana J Department of Earth and Environment, Florida International University, 11200 SW 8th St. Miami, FL 33174, United States; Science Department, Everglades Foundation, 18001 Old Cutler Road, Suite 625, Palmetto Bay, FL 33157, United - - 2014
Water quality and economic models were linked to assess the economic and environmental benefits of implementing a phosphorus credit trading program in an agricultural sub-basin of Lake Okeechobee watershed, Florida, United States. The water quality model determined the effects of rainfall, land use type, and agricultural management practices on the ...
Gordillo Luis F LF Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Utah State University, Logan, UT 84322, United States. - - 2014
To determine optimal sterile insect release policies in area-wide integrated pest management is a challenge that users of this pest control method inevitably confront. In this note we provide approximations to best policies of release through the use of simulated annealing. The discrete time model for the population dynamics includes ...
Rintala Tuula-Maria TM Tampere University of Applied Sciences, - - 2014
Aim To describe the challenges in combining two data sets during grounded theory analysis. Background The use of grounded theory in nursing research is common. It is a suitable method for studying human action and interaction. It is recommended that many alternative sources of data are collected to create as ...
Dauwalder Olivier O Hospices Civils de Lyon, Laboratoire de Bactériologie, Centre de Biologie et de Pathologie Est, Bron, F-69677, France; CIRI, International Center for Infectiology Research; Inserm, U1111; CNRS, UMR5308; Université Lyon 1, École Normale Supérieure de Lyon, Lyon, F-69008, - - 2014
After a historical period in which Clinical Microbiology Laboratories (CML) were only a subset of Clinical Chemistry laboratories (CCL), CMLs were individualized and their organization mirrored the "Pasteur model," based on overnight incubation and reading in the daytime, with natural lighting for adequate plate reading. Outside of the open hours, ...
Pitts-Singer Theresa L TL USDA ARS, Pollinating Insects Research Unit, Utah State University, Logan, Utah USA 84322. Electronic address: - - 2014
Many insects, including some bees, have extensive subcontinental distributions that can differ in climatic conditions. Within and beyond these distributions, humans intentionally transport beneficial insects, including bees, to non-natal geographic locations. Insects also are experiencing unprecedented climatic change in their resident localities. For solitary bees, we know very little about ...
Singh Ajay A Agricultural and Food Engineering Department, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, West Bengal 721302, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
The global population is increasing rapidly and expected to touch the 9.5 billion mark by 2050 from the current 7.2 billion. The management of the groundwater resources is a challenging task worldwide against the backdrop of the growing water demand for industrial, agricultural, and domestic uses and shrinking resources. Moreover, ...
Taxell Piia P Work Environment Development, Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Topeliuksenkatu 41 a A, 00250 Helsinki, Finland - - 2014
The requirements of the European Union Regulation on the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH), including the preparation of exposure scenarios for the communication of safe use, are focused on single substances. Since the chemical products used at workplaces are typically mixtures, it is important to ensure that ...
Cornelissen Evelyn E Department of Family Practice, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada; Centre for Clinical Epidemiology and Evaluation, Vancouver Coastal Health Research Institute, University of British Columbia, 7th Floor, 828 West 10th Ave., Research Pavilion, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V5Z 1M9. Electronic address: - - 2014
Techniques to manage scarce healthcare resources continue to evolve in response to changing, growing and competing demands. Yet there is no standard definition in the priority setting literature of what might constitute the desired impact or success of resource management activities. In this 2006-09 study, using action research methodology, we ...
Beaudet Amélie A IMS Health, Basel, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Economic analysis in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) requires an assessment of the effect of a wide range of complications. The objective of this article was to identify a set of utility values consistent with the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) reference case and to critically discuss ...
Martínez Pérez Guillermo G University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain Médecins Sans Frontiéres, Brussels, Belgium - - 2014
Web-based literature search engines may not be user-friendly for some readers searching for information on female genital mutilation. This is a traditional practice that has no health benefits, and about 140 million girls and women worldwide have undergone it. In 2012, the website FGMReview was created with the aim to ...
Maru Shoko S Centre for Applied Health Economics, School of Medicine and Population & Social Health Research, Griffith Health Institute, Griffith University, Meadowbrook, - - 2014
The reported cost effectiveness of cardiovascular disease management programs (CVD-MPs) is highly variable, potentially leading to different funding decisions. This systematic review evaluates published modeled analyses to compare study methods and quality. Articles were included if an incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) or cost-utility ratio (ICUR) was reported, it is a ...
Mumcu Kucuker Derya D Faculty of Forestry, Karadeniz Technical University, 61080, Trabzon, Turkey, - - 2014
Integration of non-wood forest products (NWFPs) into forest management planning has become an increasingly important issue in forestry over the last decade. Among NWFPs, mushrooms are valued due to their medicinal, commercial, high nutritional and recreational importance. Commercial mushroom harvesting also provides important income to local dwellers and contributes to ...
Fontes T T University Fernando Pessoa, Global Change, Energy, Environment and Bioengineering Center (CIAGEB), Praça 9 de Abril, 349, 4249-004 Porto, Portugal; University of Aveiro, Department of Mechanical Engineering/Centre for Mechanical Technology and Automation, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
Tropospheric ozone is a secondary pollutant having a negative impact on health and environment. To control and minimize such impact the European Community established regulations to promote a clean air all over Europe. However, when an episode is related with natural mechanisms as Stratosphere-Troposphere Exchanges (STE), the benefits of an ...
Yang Xingliang X Department of Urology, Second Affiliated Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, 400037, - - 2014
To assess the correlation between urodynamic parameters and urinary tract complications linked to benign prostatic enlargement (BPE), as well to assess the possible value of these parameters for predicting complications. We retrospectively analyzed the relationship between the complications and correlative urodynamic data of 486 BPH patients. Multivariate stepwise logistic regression ...
Ren Yuan - - 2014
Biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOC) emissions from urban greenspace have recently become a global concern. To identify key factors affecting the dynamics of urban BVOC emissions, we built an estimation model and utilized the city of Hangzhou in Southeastern China as an example. A series of single-factor scenarios were first ...
Nojavan A Farnaz F Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The present paper utilizes a Bayesian Belief Network (BBN) approach to intuitively present and quantify our current understanding of the complex physical, chemical, and biological processes that lead to eutrophication in an estuarine ecosystem (New River Estuary, North Carolina, USA). The model is further used to explore the effects of ...
Lee Boknam B Ph.D. Candidate, Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, - - 2014
Commercial swine waste lagoons are regarded as a major reservoir of natural estrogens, which have the potential to produce adverse physiological effects on exposed aquatic organisms and wildlife. However, there remains limited understanding of the complex mechanisms of physical, chemical, and biological processes that govern the fate and transport of ...
- - 2014
Effective disaster management requires systems for data acquisition and information management that enable responders to rapidly collect, process, interpret, distribute, and access the data and information required for disaster management. Effective information sharing depends on the types of users, the type of damage, alterations of the functional status of the ...
Koritzky Gilly G Brain and Creativity Institute, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA; Department of Psychology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, - - 2014
Attrition is a common problem in weight management. Understanding the risk factors for attrition should enhance professionals' ability to increase completion rates and improve health outcomes for more individuals. A model that draws upon neuropsychological knowledge on reward-sensitivity in obesity and overeating to predict attrition is proposed. A total of ...
Guillemot Joannès J Université Paris-Sud, Laboratoire Ecologie, Systématique et Evolution, UMR8079, F-91405 Orsay, - - 2014
Background and AimsThe structure of a forest stand, i.e. the distribution of tree size features, has strong effects on its functioning. The management of the structure is therefore an important tool in mitigating the impact of predicted changes in climate on forests, especially with respect to drought. Here, a new ...
Fisher Jason T JT Alberta Innovates - Technology Futures, Ecosystem Management Unit, 3-4476 Markham St, Victoria, BC V8Z 7X8, Canada. - - 2014
Conservation programs often manage populations indirectly through the landscapes in which they live. Empirically, linking reproductive success with landscape structure and anthropogenic change is a first step in understanding and managing the spatial mechanisms that affect reproduction, but this link is not sufficiently informed by data. Hierarchical multistate occupancy models ...
Ruan Xiaodan - - 2014
Coastal eutrophication, an important global environmental problem, is primarily caused by excess N and management efforts consequently focus on lowering watershed N export (e.g. by reducing fertilizer use). Simple quantitative models are needed to evaluate alternative scenarios at the watershed scale. Existing models generally assume that, for a specific lake/reservoir, ...
Young Kristie L KL Monash University Accident Research Centre (MUARC), Monash Injury Research Institute, Monash University, Victoria, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Distracted driving is acknowledged universally as a large and growing road safety problem. Compounding the problem is that distracted driving is a complex, multifaceted issue influenced by a multitude of factors, organisations and individuals. As such, management of the problem is not straightforward. Numerous countermeasures have been developed and implemented ...
Siebert Christian C Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research-UFZ, T. Lieser Str. 4, Halle 06120, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
The overall aim of the this study, which was conducted within the framework of the multilateral IWRM project SUMAR, was to expand the scientific basement to quantify surface- and groundwater fluxes towards the hypersaline Dead Sea. The flux significance for the arid vicinity around the Dead Sea is decisive not ...
Knapp J R JR Fox Hollow Consulting LLC, Columbus, OH 43201. Electronic address: - - 2014
Many opportunities exist to reduce enteric methane (CH4) and other greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions per unit of product from ruminant livestock. Research over the past century in genetics, animal health, microbiology, nutrition, and physiology has led to improvements in dairy production where intensively managed farms have GHG emissions as low ...
Chen Shaoqing S State Key Joint Laboratory of Environmental Simulation and Pollution Control, School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, - - 2014
Urbanization is a strong and extensive driver that causes environmental pollution and climate change from local to global scale. Modeling cities as ecosystems has been initiated by a wide range of scientists as a key to addressing challenging problems concomitant with urbanization. In this paper, 'urban ecosystem modeling (UEM)' is ...
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