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Zhao Jianhua - - 2014
This paper concerns model selection for mixtures of probabilistic principal component analyzers (MPCA). The well known Bayesian information criterion (BIC) is frequently used for this purpose. However, it is found that BIC penalizes each analyzer implausibly using the whole sample size. In this paper, we present a new criterion for ...
Wang Shuming - - 2014
In the context of robust optimization with information granules for distributional parameters, this paper investigates a two-stage waste-to-energy feedstock flow planning problem with uncertain capacity expansion costs. The objective is to minimize the worst-case overall loss in a mean-risk criterion where the risk is measured by a conditional value-at-risk operator. ...
Rebollo Maria P MP Department of Parasitology,Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine,Centre for Neglected Tropical Diseases, Pembroke Place, Liverpool L3 - - 2014
SUMMARY Lymphatic filariasis (LF), which is highly endemic in 73 countries worldwide, is targeted for elimination by 2020. The strategy for achieving this goal is based on 4 sequential programmatic steps: mapping, Mass drug administration (MDA) implementation, post-MDA surveillance and verification of LF elimination. All 4 stages of the implementation ...
He Zangdong Z Department of Biostatistics, Indiana University School of Medicine and Fairbanks School of Public Health, Indianapolis, Indiana, - - 2014
Joint models of longitudinal and survival outcomes have been used with increasing frequency in clinical investigations. Correct specification of fixed and random effects is essential for practical data analysis. Simultaneous selection of variables in both longitudinal and survival components functions as a necessary safeguard against model misspecification. However, variable selection ...
Johnson W Brad WB United States Naval - - 2014
Effective clinical supervision naturally incorporates many elements of mentoring. In this article, we us the Mentoring Relationship Continuum (MRC) model to frame a discussion of transformational supervision. We define transformational supervision as a rich developmental relationship characterized by increasing relational reciprocity, a greater range of career and psychosocial mentoring functions, ...
Sayers A A School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, - - 2014
There is a growing debate with regards to the appropriate methods of analysis of growth trajectories and their association with prospective dependent outcomes. Using the example of childhood growth and adult BP, we conducted an extensive simulation study to explore four two-stage and two joint modelling methods, and compared their ...
Zhang Long - - 2014
A number of neural networks can be formulated as the linear-in-the-parameters models. Training such networks can be transformed to a model selection problem where a compact model is selected from all the candidates using subset selection algorithms. Forward selection methods are popular fast subset selection approaches. However, they may only ...
Zhao Jianhua - - 2014
Fisher linear discriminant analysis (LDA) involves within-class and between-class covariance matrices. For 2-D data such as images, regularized LDA (RLDA) can improve LDA due to the regularized eigenvalues of the estimated within-class matrix. However, it fails to consider the eigenvectors and the estimated between-class matrix. To improve these two matrices ...
McLaughlin Niall - - 2014
We introduce a novel dual-stage algorithm for online multitarget tracking in realistic conditions. In the first stage, the problem of data association between tracklets and detections, given partial occlusion, is addressed using a novel occlusion robust appearance similarity method. This is used to robustly link tracklets with detections without requiring ...
Costa Ciniro C Jr a Center of Nuclear Energy in Agriculture, Laboratory of Biogeochemistry , University of São Paulo , Piracicaba , São Paulo , - - 2014
Intensive beef production has increased during recent decades in Brazil and may substantially increase both methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions from manure management. However, the quantification of these gases and methods for extrapolating them are scarce in Brazil. A case study examines CH4 and N2O emissions from one ...
Aygun Ozcan O Ozcan Aygun, PhD, RN, is Teaching Staff, Fethiye High School of Health Nursing Department, Mugla Sitki Kocman University, Fethiye/Mugla, Turkey. Ayse Ergun, PhD, RN, is Assistant Professor, Public Health Nursing Department, Division of Nursing, Faculty of Health Science, Marmara University, Istanbul, - - 2014
Sun protection is important for skin cancer prevention, but many adolescents do not protect themselves from the sun. Instrumentation derived from the transtheoretical model (TTM) can be used to study the process of change in health behaviors like sun protection. The purpose of this study was to translate and adapt ...
Royo Ana C - - 2014
The motion capture systems are often used for checking and analyzing human motion in biomechanical applications. For these applications it is important that the systems provide the best possible accuracy. Among the existing capture systems, optical systems are those with the highest accuracy. In this paper, the development of a ...
Cooper Gregory F GF Real-time Outbreak and Disease Surveillance (RODS) Laboratory, Department of Biomedical Informatics, University of Pittsburgh, 5607 Baum Boulevard, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15206-3701 USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Outbreaks of infectious disease can pose a significant threat to human health. Thus, detecting and characterizing outbreaks quickly and accurately remains an important problem. This paper describes a Bayesian framework that links clinical diagnosis of individuals in a population to epidemiological modeling of disease outbreaks in the population. Computer-based diagnosis ...
Schneidman-Duhovny Dina D Department of Bioengineering and Therapeutic Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Integrative structural modeling uses multiple types of input information and proceeds in four stages: (i) gathering information, (ii) designing model representation and converting information into a scoring function, (iii) sampling good-scoring models, and (iv) analyzing models and information. In the first stage, uncertainty originates from data that are sparse, noisy, ...
Lange M M UFZ - Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, Department of Ecological Modelling, Leipzig, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
African swine fever (ASF) is a highly lethal viral disease of domestic pigs and wild boar. ASF was introduced into the southern Russian Federation in 2007 and is now reported to be spreading in populations of wild and domestic suids. An endemic situation in the local wild boar population would ...
Deetz Joshua D - - 2014
We have optimized a reactive force field (ReaxFF) in order to model the gelation of alkoxysilanes in bulk precursor solutions. The force field parameter set was refined using a parallelized local search algorithm. Using this approach, each processor is assigned a small list of parameters. At the end of every ...
McLain Alexander C AC Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of South Carolina, 800 Sumter Street, Columbia, South Carolina, 29208, - - 2014
In some longitudinal studies the initiation time of the process is not clearly defined, yet it is important to make inference or do predictions about the longitudinal process. The application of interest in this article is to provide a framework for modeling individualized labor curves (longitudinal cervical dilation measurements) where ...
Pevzner Yuri - - 2014
Web-based front end interfaces to scientific applications are important tools that allow researchers to utilize a broad range of software packages with just an Internet connection and a browser. One such interface, CHARMMing (CHARMM interface and graphics), allows researcher to take advantage of the functionality of the powerful and widely ...
Middleton Richard S - - 2014
Efforts to mitigate the impacts of climate change will require deep reductions in anthropogenic CO2 emissions on the scale of gigatonnes/yr. CO2 capture and utilization and/or storage technologies are a class of approaches that can substantially reduce CO2 emissions. Even though examples of this approach, such as CO2 enhanced oil ...
Lohr Cheryl A CA Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Management, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 1910 East-West Road, Honolulu, HI, 96822, USA, - - 2014
Hawaii's game animals are all non-native species, which provokes human-wildlife conflict among stakeholders. The management of human-wildlife conflict in Hawaii is further complicated by the discrete nature of island communities. Our goal was to understand the desires and perceived values or impacts of game held by residents of Hawaii regarding ...
Feldmann Theodore B TB University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, KY, USA, - - 2014
Academic departments of psychiatry are experiencing unprecedented changes that are difficult and challenging for faculty and administrators. This article examines the factors that influence change and the barriers to effective change. The author reviewed the business literature on change in organizations and examined the psychodynamic factors that mediate individual and ...
Soderlund David M DM Department of Entomology, Cornell University, Geneva, New York, 14456, - - 2014
The discovery of resmethrin almost five decades ago was the seminal event in the development of pyrethroid insecticides as important pest management tools whose value endures today. This brief review considers the development of pyrethroids from the perspective of the discovery of resmethrin. I describe the pathway to the discovery ...
Woodward Richard T RT Department of Agricultural Economics, Texas A&M University, TAMU 2124, College Station, TX, 77843-2124, USA, - - 2014
Uncertainties inherent in fisheries motivate a precautionary approach to management, meaning an approach specifically intended to avoid bad outcomes. Stochastic dynamic optimization models, which have been in the fisheries literature for decades, provide a framework for decision making when uncertain outcomes have known probabilities. However, most such models incorporate population ...
Artzrouni Marc M Department of Mathematics (UMR CNRS 5142) University of Pau; - - 2014
We propose a Leslie matrix model for the population dynamics of Sicyopterus lagocephalus in La Réunion. In order to capture both the amphidromous and the seasonal natures of the species' life history the model has four stages (sea + three river sites) and is cyclical with a 12 month period. ...
Nordey Thibault T CIRAD, UPR HORTSYS, 97455 Saint-Pierre, La Réunion, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Managing fruit quality is complex because many different attributes have to be taken into account, which are themselves subjected to spatial and temporal variations. Heterogeneous fruit quality has been assumed to be partly related to temperature and maturity gradients within the fruit. To test this assumption, we measured the spatial ...
Shafieezadeh Abdollah A Department of Civil, Environmental and Geodetic Engineering, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, - - 2014
This article presents an asset-level security risk management framework to assist stakeholders of critical assets with allocating limited budgets for enhancing their safety and security against terrorist attack. The proposed framework models the security system of an asset, considers various threat scenarios, and models the sequential decision framework of attackers ...
Bried Jason J Department of Zoology, Oklahoma State University, 501 Life Sciences West, Stillwater, OK, 74078, USA, - - 2014
Monitoring is essential to track the long-term recovery of endangered species. Greater emphasis on habitat monitoring is especially important for taxa whose populations may be difficult to quantify (e.g., insects) or when true recovery (delisting) requires continuous species-specific habitat management. In this paper, we outline and implement a standardized framework ...
Caniato Marco M University of Brescia, Brescia, - - 2014
We have developed a new methodology for assessing solid waste management in a situation of armed conflict. This methodology is composed of six phases with specific activities, and suggested methods and tools. The collection, haulage, and disposal of waste in low- and middle-income countries is so complicated and expensive task ...
Kati Vassiliki V University of Patras, Department of Environmental & Natural Resources Management, Seferi 2, 30100 Agrinio, Greece. vkati@upatras.gr, - - 2014
Established under the European Union (EU) Birds and Habitats Directives, Natura 2000 is one of the largest international networks of protected areas. With the spatial designation of sites by the EU member states almost finalized, the biggest challenge still lying ahead is the appropriate management of the sites. To evaluate ...
Davis Katrina K Centre for Environmental Economics and Policy, School of Agricultural and Resource Economics, University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, Western Australia, 6009, Australia. - - 2014
Marine fish stocks are in many cases extracted above sustainable levels, but they may be protected through restricted-use zoning systems. The effectiveness of these systems typically depends on support from coastal fishing communities. High management costs including those of enforcement may, however, deter fishers from supporting marine management. We incorporated ...
Wittmann Marion E ME Department of Biological Sciences, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46656, U.S.A.. - - 2014
Identifying which nonindigenous species will become invasive and forecasting the damage they will cause is difficult and presents a significant problem for natural resource management. Often, the data or resources necessary for ecological risk assessment are incomplete or absent, leaving environmental decision makers ill equipped to effectively manage valuable natural ...
Pfender William W 3450 SW CAmpus WayCorvallis, Oregon, United States, 97331 ; - - 2014
STEMRUST_G, a simulation model for epidemics of stem rust in perennial ryegrass grown to maturity as a seed crop, was validated for use as an heuristic tool and as a decision aid for disease management with fungicides. Multi-stage validation had been used in model creation, by incorporating previously-validated submodels for ...
Ventura Augusto de Oliveira Brunow AD Center for Marine Studies - Federal University of Paraná (UFPR), Mailbox 50.002, 83255-979 Pontal do Paraná, Paraná, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Environmental vulnerability can be understood as a function of exposure to impacts and the sensitivity and adaptive capacity of ecological systems towards environmental tensors. The present study empirically evaluated the vulnerability of forest stands that make up the subtropical Perequê River mangrove (Paranaguá Bay, S Brazil) as the basis for ...
Alani Amir M - - 2014
Millions of dollars are being spent worldwide on the repair and maintenance of sewer networks and wastewater treatment plants. The production and emission of hydrogen sulphide has been identified as a major cause of corrosion and odour problems in sewer networks. Accurate prediction of sulphide build-up in a sewer system ...
Ragab M M Instituto de Ciencia y Tecnología Animal, Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain; Poultry Production Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Kafer El-Sheikh University, Kafer El-Sheikh, - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to use demographic and litter size data on four Spanish maternal lines of rabbits (A, V, H and LP), as a case study, in order to: (i) estimate the effective population size of the lines, as a measure of the rate of increase of ...
Pickett John A JA *Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Hertfordshire AL5 2JQ, - - 2014
The interaction between volatile and non-volatile, e.g. proteinaceous, components of pheromone and other semiochemical-based signalling systems presents a daunting set of problems for exploitation in the management of vertebrates, good or bad. Aggravating this is the complexity of the mixtures involved with pheromones, not only by definition associated with each ...
Finak Greg G Vaccine and Infectious Disease Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington, United States of - - 2014
Flow cytometry is used increasingly in clinical research for cancer, immunology and vaccines. Technological advances in cytometry instrumentation are increasing the size and dimensionality of data sets, posing a challenge for traditional data management and analysis. Automated analysis methods, despite a general consensus of their importance to the future of ...
Sinnwell Jason P JP Division of Biomedical Statistics and Informatics, Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn., - - 2014
Background: The kinship2 package is restructured from the previous kinship package. Existing features are now enhanced and new features added for handling pedigree objects. Methods: Pedigree plotting features have been updated to display features on complex pedigrees while adhering to pedigree plotting standards. Kinship matrices can now be calculated for ...
Yuval Yuval Y Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Technion, Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 32000, Israel. - - 2014
A large fraction of the fresh water available for human use is stored in groundwater aquifers. Since human activities such as mining, agriculture, industry and urbanisation often result in incursion of various pollutants to groundwater, routine monitoring of water quality is an indispensable component of judicious aquifer management. Unfortunately, groundwater ...
Dowhaniuk Nicholas N Department of Natural Resources and the Environment, University of New Hampshire, 114 James Hall, 56 College Road, Durham, NH, 03824, USA, - - 2014
Geographic information systems and remote sensing technologies have become an important tool for visualizing conservation management and developing solutions to problems associated with conservation. When multiple organizations separately develop spatial data representations of protected areas, implicit error arises due to variation between data sets. We used boundary data produced by ...
Che Yue Y Shanghai Key Laboratory of Urbanization and Ecological Restoration, East China Normal University, No. 500 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai, 200241, - - 2014
River networks have both ecological and social benefits for urban development. However, river networks have suffered extensive destruction as a result of urbanization and industrialization, especially in China. River restoration is a growth business but suffers poor efficiency due to a lack of social understanding. Assessing the benefits of river ...
Khosrovyan A A UNESCO UNITWIN/WiCop, Physical Chemistry Department, Faculty of Marine and Environmental Sciences, University of Cadiz, Polígono Río San Pedro s/n, Puerto Real 11510, Cádiz, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
The results of sediment quality assessment by two different weight-of-evidence methodologies were compared. Both methodologies used the same dataset but as criteria and procedures were different, the results emphasized different aspects of sediment contamination. One of the methodologies integrated the data by means of a multivariate analysis and suggested bioavailability ...
Wang Xuejiao X College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, China Agricultural University, Beijing, - - 2014
In general, the quality of fruits depends on local conditions experienced by the fruit during its development. In cotton, fruit quality and more specifically quality of the fiber in the fruit, depends on interactions between fruit position in the plant architecture, temperature and agronomical practices, such as sowing time, mulching ...
Nadal E E Departament de Matemàtiques, Universitat de Lleida, Jaume II 73, 25003, Lleida, Spain - - 2014
This paper presents a multi-period planning tool for multisite pig production systems based on a Linear Programming (LP). The aim of the model is to help pig managers of multisite systems in making short-term decisions (mainly related to pig transfers between farms and batch management in fattening units) and long ...
Andersson-Sköld Y Y University of Gothenburg, Department of Earth Sciences, PO Box 460, SE-405 30 Göteborg, Sweden; COWI AB, PO Box 12076, SE-402 41 Göteborg, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
Marginal, often contaminated, sites exist in large areas across the world as a result of historic activities such as industry, transportation and mineral extraction. Remediation, or other improvements, of these sites is typically only considered for sites with high exploitation pressure and those posing the highest risks to human health ...
Gallardo A A Dept. Mechanical Engineering and Construction, Jaume I University, Av. de Vicent Sos Baynat s/n, 12071 Castelló de la Plana, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
The municipal solid waste (MSW) management is an important task that local governments as well as private companies must take into account to protect human health, the environment and to preserve natural resources. To design an adequate MSW management plan the first step consist in defining the waste generation and ...
Ager Alan A AA USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Western Wildland Environmental Threat Assessment Center, 75210 Coyote Road, Pendleton, OR 97801, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Substantial investments in fuel management activities on national forests in the western US are part of a national strategy to reduce human and ecological losses from catastrophic wildfire and create fire resilient landscapes. Prioritizing these investments within and among national forests remains a challenge, partly because a comprehensive assessment that ...
Kolen Bas B Senior Consultant Disaster and Flood Risk Management, HKV Consultants, The - - 2014
A traditional view of decision-making for evacuation planning is that, given an uncertain threat, there is a deterministic way of defining the best decision. In other words, there is a linear relation between threat, decision, and execution consequences. Alternatives and the impact of uncertainties are not taken into account. This ...
Felício Cláudia Maria de CM Department of Ophthalmology, Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, School of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP, - - 2014
To test the usability of Computerized Orofacial Myofunctional Evaluation (OMES) protocol and analyze its validity. The study was divided into three stages: the first stage, production of the computerized version of OMES. The second stage was the validation of the user's interface, in which 100 OMES protocols of a database, ...
Tingley Reid R School of Botany, The University of Melbourne, VIC 3010, Australia; - - 2014
Accurate forecasts of biological invasions are crucial for managing invasion risk but are hampered by niche shifts resulting from evolved environmental tolerances (fundamental niche shifts) or the presence of novel biotic and abiotic conditions in the invaded range (realized niche shifts). Distinguishing between these kinds of niche shifts is impossible ...
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