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de la Vega J M JM Servicio de Radiofísica, Hosp. Univ. "San Cecilio", Avda Dr. Olóriz, 16, E-18012 Granada, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
The relation between the data recorded with any device for the daily checking of the behavior of a clinical linac and the reference magnitudes to be monitored may be unknown. An experimental method relating the energy stability of the electron beam measured with StarTrack(®) to the R50 beam quality index ...
Derakhshan Siavash Fakhimi - - 2014
In this paper, based on the nonmonotonic Lyapunov functions, a new less conservative state feedback controller synthesis method is proposed for a class of discrete time nonlinear systems represented by Takagi-Sugeno (T-S) fuzzy systems. Parallel distributed compensation (PDC) state feedback is employed as the controller structure. Also, a T-S fuzzy ...
Jonmohamadi Yaqub Y Department of Medicine, University of Otago, Christchurch, New Zealand, - - 2014
In electroencephalography (EEG) and magnetoencephalography signal processing, scalar beamformers are a popular technique for reconstruction of the time-course of a brain source in a single time-series. A prerequisite for scalar beamformers, however, is that the orientation of the source must be known or estimated, whereas in reality the orientation of ...
Bolger Anthony M AM Max Planck Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology, Am Mühlenberg 1, 14476 Golm, - - 2014
Although many NGS read pre-processing tools already existed, we could not find any tool or combination of tools which met our requirements in terms of flexibility, correct handling of paired-end data, and high performance. We have developed Trimmomatic as a more flexible and efficient pre-processing tool, which could correctly handle ...
Mohammed Abrar Juhar AJ Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 1-1-1 Yayoi, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-8657, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
This paper posits a Modified Actor-Power-Accountability Framework (MAPAF) that makes three major improvements on the Actor-Power-Accountability Framework (APAF) developed by Agrawal and Ribot (1999). These improvements emphasize the nature of decentralized property rights, linking the outputs of decentralization with its outcomes and the inclusion of contextual factors. Applying MAPAF to ...
Yakob Laith L The University of Queensland, School of Population Health, Brisbane, Qld, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
The overdispersion in macroparasite infection intensity among host populations is commonly simulated using a constant negative binomial aggregation parameter. We describe an alternative to utilising the negative binomial approach and demonstrate important disparities in intervention efficacy projections that can come about from opting for pattern-fitting models which are not process-explicit. ...
Webb Samuel J - - 2014
A new algorithm has been developed to enable the interpretation of black box models. The developed algorithm is agnostic to learning algorithm and open to all structural based descriptors such as fragments, keys and hashed fingerprints. The algorithm has provided meaningful interpretation of Ames mutagenicity predictions from both random forest ...
Schlöglhofer Thomas T Center for Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, Medical University of Vienna, AKH-4L, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, 1090, Vienna, - - 2014
The aim of this review was to provide a meta-analysis of all five of the most popular systems for arterial pulse contour analysis compared with pulmonary artery thermodilution, the established reference method for measuring cardiac output (CO). The five investigated systems are FloTrac/Vigileo(®), PiCCO(®), LiDCO/PulseCO(®), PRAM/MostCare(®), and Modelflow. In a ...
Audano Peter P Department of Biology, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA - - 2014
Converting nucleotide sequences into short overlapping fragments of uniform length, k-mers, is a common step in many bioinformatics applications. While existing software packages count k-mers, few are optimized for speed, offer an API (Application Programming Interface), a graphical interface, or contain features that make it extensible and maintainable. We designed ...
Voß Ute U Centre for Plant Integrative Biology, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, LE12 5RD, - - 2014
As our knowledge of the complexity of hormone homeostasis, transport, perception, and response increases, and their outputs become less intuitive, modelling is set to become more important. Initial modelling efforts have focused on hormone transport and response pathways. However, we now need to move beyond the network scales and use ...
Akita Yasuyuki - - 2014
In recognition that intra-urban exposure gradients may be as large as between-city variations, recent air pollution epidemiologic studies have become increasingly interested in capturing within-city exposure gradients. In addition, because of the rapidly accumulating health data, recent studies also need to handle large study populations distributed over large geographic domains. ...
Zuniga Jorge M JM 1Creighton University, Department of Exercise Science, 2500 California Plaza, Omaha, NE 68178 2Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Nutrition and Health Sciences, Address: 110 Ruth Leverton Hall, Lincoln, NE 68583-0806, USA, Phone: (402) 472-2690 3Department of Exercise and Sport Science, La Crosse, Wisconsin 54601, University of Wisconsin-La Crosse, Phone: (608) 785-6524, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of ramp and step incremental cycle ergometer tests on the assessment of the anaerobic threshold (AT) using three different computerized regression-based algorithms. Thirteen healthy adults [mean age and body mass (SD) = 23.4 (3.3) years, and 71.7 (11.1) kg] visited ...
Jia Zhensheng - - 2014
Maximum likelihood sequence estimation (MLSE) offers effective equalizations for bandwidth-limited optical signal on mitigation towards inter-symbol-interference (ISI) impairment. In this paper, we provide the first comprehensive comparisons and analysis of three post-compensation algorithms on the same modeling platform for high spectral-efficiency (SE) optical systems employing the spectral prefiltering. Those algorithms ...
Zamparo P P Department of Neurological and Movement Sciences, University of Verona, Via F. Casorati 43, 37131, Verona, Italy, - - 2014
To explore the interplay between arms-only propelling efficiency (η p), mechanical power output ([Formula: see text]) and swimming speed (V); these three parameters are indeed related through the following equation V (3) = 1/kη p [Formula: see text] (where k is the speed-specific drag; k = F/V (2)); thus, the larger are η p ...
Fintelman D M DM School of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, - - 2014
The aerodynamic drag of a cyclist in time trial (TT) position is strongly influenced by the torso angle. While decreasing the torso angle reduces the drag, it limits the physiological functioning of the cyclist. Therefore the aims of this study were to predict the optimal TT cycling position as function ...
Baker Peter R PR UCSF, - - 2014
The sharing and viewing of peptide identification results from search engines analyzing mass spectrometry based proteomic data is made difficult by the range of analysis tools employed, in that each produces a different output format. Annotated results associated with a journal article are often required to be made available, but ...
Bergstrom Haley C HC 1Department of Nutrition and Health Sciences, Human Performance Laboratory, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska; 2Department of Exercise Science, Creighton University, Omaha, Nebraska; and 3Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Wisconsin-La Crosse, La Crosse, - - 2014
Bergstrom, HC, Housh, TJ, Zuniga, JM, Traylor, DA, Lewis, RW Jr, Camic, CL, Schmidt, RJ, and Johnson, GO. Differences among estimates of critical power and anaerobic work capacity derived from five mathematical models and the three-minute all-out test. J Strength Cond Res 28(3): 592-600, 2014-Estimates of critical power (CP) and ...
Kirchho Katrin K Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, 98195, USA, Tel.: +1-206-616-5494, , - - 2014
Despite much research on machine translation (MT) evaluation, there is surprisingly little work that directly measures users' intuitive or emotional preferences regarding different types of MT errors. However, the elicitation and modeling of user preferences is an important prerequisite for research on user adaptation and customization of MT engines. In ...
Gaudoin René R Imperial College London, London, UK, - - 2014
The aims of supervised machine learning (ML) applications fall into three broad categories: classification, ranking, and calibration/probability estimation. Many ML methods and evaluation techniques relate to the first two. Nevertheless, there are many applications where having an accurate probability estimate is of great importance. Deriving accurate probabilities from the output ...
Wang Jie J School of Control Science and Engineering, Hebei University of Technology, Tianjin 300130, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
This paper investigates the problem of tracking control with uncertainties for a flexible air-breathing hypersonic vehicle (FAHV). In order to overcome the analytical intractability of this model, an Input-Output linearization model is constructed for the purpose of feedback control design. Then, the continuous finite time convergence high order sliding mode ...
Dinh Vu V Department of Mathematics, Purdue University, 150 N. University Street, West Lafayette, IN, 47907, USA, - - 2014
We address the problem of using nonlinear models to design experiments to characterize the dynamics of cellular processes by using the approach of the Maximally Informative Next Experiment (MINE), which was introduced in W. Dong et al. (PLoS ONE 3(8):e3105, 2008) and independently in M.M. Donahue et al. (IET Syst. Biol. 4:249-262, ...
Penczek Pawel A PA Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, The University of Texas Medical School, 6431 Fannin MSB 6.220, Houston, TX 77054, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
In structural electron microscopy, the accurate estimation of the Contrast Transfer Function (CTF) parameters, particularly defocus and astigmatism, is of utmost importance for both initial evaluation of micrograph quality and for subsequent structure determination. Due to increases in the rate of data collection on modern microscopes equipped with new generation ...
Tarefder R A RA Department of Civil Engineering, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, - - 2014
This study constructs a neural network (NN) model to quantify adhesion from atomic force microscopy (AFM) data. AFM data contain five-point force-distance values. A total of 760 observations are used to build NN model. To train the network, AFM tip-sample distance data, percentage of lime, type and percentage of polymer ...
Moore Hyatt E HE 4th Department of Electrical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Determining diagnostic criteria for specific disorders is often a tedious task that involves determining optimal diagnostic thresholds for symptoms and biomarkers using receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) statistics. To help this endeavor, we developed softROC, a user-friendly graphic-based tool that lets users visually explore possible ROC tradeoffs. The software requires MATLAB installation ...
Farrance Ian I School of Medical Sciences, RMIT University, Bundoora, Victoria - - 2014
The Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty in Measurement (usually referred to as the GUM) provides the basic framework for evaluating uncertainty in measurement. The GUM however does not always provide clearly identifiable procedures suitable for medical laboratory applications, particularly when internal quality control (IQC) is used to derive most ...
Germain Ryan R - - 2014
Theory predicts that animals breeding in heterogeneous landscapes preferentially occupy habitats likely to maximize individual fitness, but identifying those habitats has proved problematic. Many studies develop metrics of habitat quality linked to site-specific reproductive output measured in successive years, but few separate the independent effects of individual "intrinsic quality" from ...
Burris Carlyn - - 2014
PURPOSE This study examines accuracy and comparability of 4 trademarked acoustic analysis software packages (AASPs): Praat, WaveSurfer, TF32, and CSL by using synthesized and natural vowels. Features of AASPs are also described. METHOD Synthesized and natural vowels were analyzed using each of the AASP's default settings to secure 9 acoustic ...
Thung Kim-Han KH Department of Radiology and BRIC, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
In this work, we are interested in predicting the diagnostic statuses of potentially neurodegenerated patients using feature values derived from multi-modality neuroimaging data and biological data, which might be incomplete. Collecting the feature values into a matrix, with each row containing a feature vector of a sample, we propose a ...
Abdou-Arbi Oumarou - - 2014
When studying metabolism at the organ level, a major challenge is to understand the matter exchanges between the input and output components of the system. For example, in nutrition, biochemical models have been developed to study the metabolism of the mammary gland in relation to the synthesis of milk components. ...
Goerlandt Floris F Aalto University, School of Engineering, Department of Applied Mechanics, Marine Technology, Research Group on Maritime Risk and Safety, P.O. Box 15300, FI-00076 AALTO, Espoo, Finland. Electronic address: - - 2014
In risk assessment of maritime transportation, estimation of accidental oil outflow from tankers is important for assessing environmental impacts. However, there typically is limited data concerning the specific structural design and tank arrangement of ships operating in a given area. Moreover, there is uncertainty about the accident scenarios potentially emerging ...
Lind Peter - - 2014
Collections of molecules can be organized in many different ways based on substructures that are common to two or more of the molecules. The article describes a method that builds on the ideas of partial orders and Hasse diagrams and which organizes molecules in a particularly simple and natural way ...
Teso Stefano - - 2014
Computational methods for the prediction of protein features from sequence are a long-standing focusof bioinformatics. A key observation is that several protein features are closely inter-related, that is,they are conditioned on each other. Researchers invested a lot of effort into designing predictors thatexploit this fact. Most existing methods leverage inter-feature ...
Chen Wen W Division of Engineering Technology, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48202, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This paper provides a new design of robust fault detection for turbofan engines with adaptive controllers. The critical issue is that the adaptive controllers can depress the faulty effects such that the actual system outputs remain the pre-specified values, making it difficult to detect faults/failures. To solve this problem, a ...
Ha Q P QP Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology, University of Technology, Sydney, NSW 2007, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
This paper deals with the problem of partial state observer design for linear systems that are subject to time delays in the measured output as well as the control input. By choosing a set of appropriate augmented Lyapunov-Krasovskii functionals with a triple-integral term and using the information of both the ...
Song Malin M School of Statistics and Applied Mathematics, Anhui University of Finance and Economics, Bengbu, 233030, China, - - 2014
The slacks-based measure (SBM) model based on the constant returns to scale has achieved some good results in addressing the undesirable outputs, such as waste water and water gas, in measuring environmental efficiency. However, the traditional SBM model cannot deal with the scenario in which desirable outputs are constant. Based ...
Nogueira F N FN Faculdade de Engenharia da Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal; CIDMA - Center for Research and Development in Mathematics and Applications, Department of Mathematics, University of Aveiro, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
In this paper a positive control law is designed for multi-input positive systems that ensures asymptotic tracking of a desired output reference value. This control law can be viewed as a generalization of another one proposed in the literature for the control of the total mass in SISO compartmental systems, ...
Naveršnik Klemen K Lek Pharmaceuticals d.d., Sandoz Development Center, Verovskova 57, 1000, Ljubljana, Slovenia, - - 2014
A comprehensive cost-effectiveness decision model will often go beyond a one-to-one comparison and will include a number of competing alternatives. Only a simultaneous assessment of all relevant treatment alternatives avoids comparing average cost-effectiveness ratios and allows a truly incremental analysis. Two issues arise if the analysis is probabilistic, namely, the ...
Dyer Kevin N - - 2014
The recent innovation of collecting X-ray scattering from solutions containing purified macromolecules in high-throughput has yet to be truly exploited by the biological community. Yet, this capability is becoming critical given that the growth of sequence and genomics data is significantly outpacing structural biology results. Given the huge mismatch in ...
Ollendorf Daniel A DA Institute for Clinical & Economic Review, One State Street, Suite 1050, Boston, MA 02109, - - 2014
Economic modeling has rarely been considered to be an essential component of healthcare policy-making in the USA, due to a lack of transparency in model design and assumptions, as well as political interests that equate examination of cost with unfair rationing. The Institute for Clinical and Economic Review has been ...
Gulati A A School of Pharmacy, University of Otago, Dunedin, New - - 2014
Bridging systems biology and pharmacokinetics-pharmacodynamics has resulted in models that are highly complex and complicated. They usually contain large numbers of states and parameters and describe multiple input-output relationships. Based on any given data set relating to a specific input-output process, it is possible that some states of the system ...
Ercan E E Department of Civil Engineering, Ege University, 35100 İzmir, - - 2014
This paper describes the results of a model updating study conducted on a historical aqueduct, called Veziragasi, in Turkey. The output-only modal identification results obtained from ambient vibration measurements of the structure were used to update a finite element model of the structure. For the purposes of developing a solid ...
Tarifeño-Saldivia Ariel A Comisión Chilena de Energía Nuclear, Casilla 188-D, Santiago, Chile; Center for Research and Applications in Plasma Physics and Pulsed Power, P, Santiago, Chile; and Departamento de Ciencias Fisicas, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Universidad Andres Bello, Republica 220, Santiago, - - 2014
This paper introduces a methodology for the yield measurement of a neutron burst using neutron proportional counters. This methodology is to be applied when single neutron events cannot be resolved in time by nuclear standard electronics, or when a continuous current cannot be measured at the output of the counter. ...
Wang Xianpeng X College of Automation, Harbin Engineering University, No. 145 Nantong Street, Harbin 150001, China. - - 2014
In this paper, a new tensor-based subspace approach is proposed to estimate the direction of departure (DOD) and the direction of arrival (DOA) for bistatic multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) radar in the presence of spatial colored noise. Firstly, the received signals can be packed into a third-order measurement tensor by exploiting ...
Kavakiotis Ioannis I Department of Informatics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, - - 2014
This chapter presents a method called PolyA-iEP that has been developed for the prediction of polyadenylation sites. More precisely, PolyA-iEP is a method that recognizes mRNA 3'ends which contain polyadenylation sites. It is a modular system which consists of two main components. The first exploits the advantages of emerging patterns ...
Sofowote Uwayemi - - 2014
Tapered element oscillating microbalances equipped with sample equilibration system (TEOM-SES) used by the province of Ontario for the ambient monitoring of PM2.5 (particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter < or = 2.5 microm) in its air quality index (AQI) network were collocated with the Synchronized Hybrid Ambient Real-time Particulate monitor ...
Wang J J College of Computer Science, Inner Mongolia University, Hohhot, Inner Mongolia, China - - 2014
Developing appropriate methods for constructing phylogenetic networks from tree sets is an important problem, and much research is currently being undertaken in this area. BIMLR is an algorithm that constructs phylogenetic networks from tree sets. The algorithm can construct a much simpler network than other available methods. Here, we introduce ...
Dray Stéphane - - 2014
Assessing trait responses to environmental gradients requires the simultaneous analysis of the information contained in three tables: L (species distribution across samples), R (environmental characteristics of samples), and Q (species traits). Among the available methods, the so-called fourth-corner and RLQ methods are two appealing alternatives that provide a direct way ...
Boerema Simone T ST Telemedicine Group, Roessingh Research and Development, P.O. Box 310, 7500 AH, Enschede, The Netherlands. - - 2014
Accelerometer-based activity monitors are popular for monitoring physical activity. In this study, we investigated optimal sensor placement for increasing the quality of studies that utilize accelerometer data to assess physical activity. We performed a two-staged study, focused on sensor location and type of mounting. Ten subjects walked at various walking ...
Hong Sungchul S Korea Institute of Construction Technology, 283 Goyangdae-ro, Ilsanseo-gu, Goyang-si, Gyeonggi-do 411-712, Korea. - - 2014
Uncertainty and sensitivity analysis methods are introduced, concerning the quality of spatial data as well as that of output information from Global Positioning System (GPS) and Geographic Information System (GIS) integrated applications for transportation. In the methods, an error model and an error propagation method form a basis for formulating ...
Goršič Maja M Faculty of Electrical Engineering, University of Ljubljana, Tržaška 25, Ljubljana 1000, Slovenia. - - 2014
This paper presents a gait phase detection algorithm for providing feedback in walking with a robotic prosthesis. The algorithm utilizes the output signals of a wearable wireless sensory system incorporating sensorized shoe insoles and inertial measurement units attached to body segments. The principle of detecting transitions between gait phases is ...
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