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Popescu Vasilica V "Gheorghe Asachi" Technical University, Faculty of Textiles, Leather Engineering and Industrial Management, 29 Blvd. Mangeron, TEX 1 Building, Iasi 700050, Romania. Electronic address: - - 2014
Realization of simultaneous hydrophilizing and wrinkle-proofing effects on a cotton fabric is not impossible. This work proves that these objectives can be reached by using adequate multifunctional compounds: Tetronic 701 (T), chitosan (CS) and monochlorotriazine-β-cyclodextrin (MCT-β-CD). These were applied by means of three pad-dry-cure type treatments. We have studied, at ...
Puckett James G JG Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520, - - 2014
Social animals commonly form aggregates that exhibit emergent collective behaviour, with group dynamics that are distinct from the behaviour of individuals. Simple models can qualitatively reproduce such behaviour, but only with large numbers of individuals. But how rapidly do the collective properties of animal aggregations in nature emerge with group ...
Zhang Jing J State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, Key Laboratory of Yangtze River Water Environment, Ministry of Education, College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, PR China; College of Biological, Chemical Sciences and Engineering, Jiaxing University, Jiaxing, Zhejiang 314001, PR - - 2014
The threshold model based on monotonic concentration-response curves (CRCs) is unsuitable to assess the risk of chemicals with non-monotonic CRCs. The non-monotonic CRCs of mixtures may relate to the characteristics of some individual component. To reveal the cause of the mixtures resulting in the non-monotonic CRCs, we used the microplate ...
Kendon Adam A Institute for Research in Cognitive Science, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6228, USA Division of Psychology and Language Sciences, University College London, London, WC1H 0AP, UK - - 2014
Sign language descriptions that use an analytic model borrowed from spoken language structural linguistics have proved to be not fully appropriate. Pictorial and action-like modes of expression are integral to how signed utterances are constructed and to how they work. However, observation shows that speakers likewise use kinesic and vocal ...
Hartmann William K WK Planetary Science Institute, 1700 East Fort Lowell Road, Suite 106, Tucson, AZ 85719-2395, USA - - 2014
At the request of editors, this paper offers a historical review of early work on the giant impact hypothesis, as well as comments on new data. The author hereby claims (whether believable or not) that his interest is to move towards a correct model of lunar origin, not to defend ...
Melosh H J HJ Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA Physics and Astronomy, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineering Departments, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA - - 2014
Recent comparisons of the isotopic compositions of the Earth and the Moon show that, unlike nearly every other body known in the Solar System, our satellite's isotopic ratios are nearly identical to the Earth's for nearly every isotopic system. The Moon's chemical make-up, however, differs from the Earth's in its ...
Caluwaerts Ken K Dynamic Tensegrity Robotics Lab, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, USA Reservoir Lab, Department of Electronics and Information Systems, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium - - 2014
To better understand the role of tensegrity structures in biological systems and their application to robotics, the Dynamic Tensegrity Robotics Lab at NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, USA, has developed and validated two software environments for the analysis, simulation and design of tensegrity robots. These tools, along with ...
Yang Guang G Department of Statistics and Biostatistics, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854, - - 2014
Network meta-analysis synthesizes several studies of multiple treatment comparisons to simultaneously provide inference for all treatments in the network. It can often strengthen inference on pairwise comparisons by borrowing evidence from other comparisons in the network. Current network meta-analysis approaches are derived from either conventional pairwise meta-analysis or hierarchical Bayesian ...
Barnes Sean L SL Robert H. Smith School of Business, University of Maryland, College Park, - - 2014
Objective. Hand hygiene and environmental cleaning are essential infection prevention strategies, but the relative impact of each is unknown. This information is important in assessing resource allocation. Methods. We developed an agent-based model of patient-to-patient transmission-via the hands of transiently colonized healthcare workers and incompletely terminally cleaned rooms-in a 20-patient intensive care ...
Armbruster W Scott WS School of Biological Sciences, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth PO12DY, UK Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, AK 99775, USA Department of Biology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 7491 Trondheim, Norway - - 2014
Integration and modularity refer to the patterns and processes of trait interaction and independence. Both terms have complex histories with respect to both conceptualization and quantification, resulting in a plethora of integration indices in use. We review briefly the divergent definitions, uses and measures of integration and modularity and make ...
Levi Carmit Shani CS Laboratory of Chemistry of Foods and Bioactives, Department of Biotechnology and Food Engineering, Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 32000, Israel. - - 2014
The world's population is inevitably ageing thanks to modern progress; however, the development of food and oral formulations tailored to the needs of the elderly is still in its infancy. In vitro digestion models offer high throughput, robust and practically ethics free evaluation of the digestive fate of ingested products. ...
Archibald Mandy M MM Doctoral candidate, Faculty of Nursing, Edmonton Clinic Health Academy, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, - - 2014
Arts-based approaches to knowledge translation are emerging as powerful interprofessional strategies with potential to facilitate evidence uptake, communication, knowledge, attitude, and behavior change across healthcare provider and consumer groups. These strategies are in the early stages of development. To date, no classification system for arts-based knowledge translation exists, which limits ...
Gürcan Onder O Computer Engineering Department, Ege University, Universite Cad., 35100, Bornova, Izmir, Turkey, - - 2014
Correct knowledge of the effective connectivity at the synaptic level in humans is a key prerequisite for increasing our understanding of the operation of the human central nervous system. Unfortunately, none of the current ambitious collaborative neuroscience projects pay enough attention to this topic and are thus unable to completely ...
Bouchet Phil J PJ The UWA Oceans Institute, School of Animal Biology, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia, 6009, - - 2014
Despite being identified as a driver of mobile predator aggregations (hotspots) in both marine and terrestrial environments, topographic complexity has long remained a challenging concept for scientists to visualise and a difficult parameter to estimate. It is only with the advent of high-speed computers and the recent popularisation of geographical ...
Forsman Jukka T - - 2014
BackgroundSocial information use is usually considered to lead to ecological convergence among involved con- or heterospecific individuals. However, recent results demonstrate that observers can also actively avoid behaving as those individuals being observed, leading to ecological divergence. This phenomenon has been little explored so far, yet it can have significant ...
Billari Francesco C FC Department of Sociology and Nuffield College, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK, - - 2014
This article suggests a procedure to derive stochastic population forecasts adopting an expert-based approach. As in previous work by Billari et al. (2012), experts are required to provide evaluations, in the form of conditional and unconditional scenarios, on summary indicators of the demographic components determining the population evolution: that is, ...
Schweiger Dominik - - 2014
Semantic Web has established itself as a framework for using and sharing data across applications and database boundaries. Here, we present a web-based platform for querying biological Semantic Web databases in a graphical way. SPARQLGraph offers an intuitive drag & drop query builder, which converts the visual graph into a ...
Zhang Ying - - 2014
Infectious disease surveillance is a process the product of which reflects both actual disease trends and public awareness of the disease. Decisions made by patients, health care providers, and public health professionals about seeking and providing health care and about reporting cases to health authorities are all influenced by information ...
Babst Flurin F Laboratory of Tree-Ring Research, University of Arizona, 1215 E Lowell St, Tucson, AZ, 85721, USA, - - 2014
Tree-ring records can provide valuable information to advance our understanding of contemporary terrestrial carbon cycling and to reconstruct key metrics in the decades preceding monitoring data. The growing use of tree rings in carbon-cycle research is being facilitated by increasing recognition of reciprocal benefits among research communities. Yet, basic questions ...
Kong Y Y a State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource Engineering, Department of Pharmaceutical Engineering , Beijing University of Chemical Technology , Beijing , - - 2014
In this study, four computational quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) models were built to predict the bioactivity of 3' processing (3'P) inhibitors of HIV-1 integrase. Some 453 inhibitors whose bioactivity values were detected by the radiolabelling method were collected. The molecular structures were represented with MOE descriptors. In total, 21 descriptors ...
Bullot Nicolas J NJ Department of Cognitive Science, ARC Centre of Excellence in Cognition and its Disorders, Macquarie - - 2014
To introduce the issue of the tracking and identification of human agents, I examine the ability of an agent ("a tracker") to track a human person ("a target") and distinguish this target from other individuals: The ability to perform person identification. First, I discuss influential mechanistic models of the perceptual ...
Tatem Andrew J AJ Department of Geography and Environment, University of Southampton, UK Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, USA Flowminder Foundation, Stockholm, Sweden - - 2014
Measuring progress towards international health goals requires a reliable baseline from which to measure change and recent methodological advancements have advanced our abilities to measure, model and map the prevalence of health issues using sophisticated tools. The provision of burden estimates generally requires linking these estimates with spatial demographic data, ...
Huang Ying Y Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Public Health Sciences, 1100 Fairview Avenue N., Seattle, Washington 98109-1024, U.S.A.; Department of Biostatistics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, - - 2014
Treatment-selection markers predict an individual's response to different therapies, thus allowing for the selection of a therapy with the best predicted outcome. A good marker-based treatment-selection rule can significantly impact public health through the reduction of the disease burden in a cost-effective manner. Our goal in this article is to ...
Cereto-Massagué Adrià A Group of Cheminformatics & Nutrition. Biochemistry and Biotechnology Department, Universitat Rovira i Virgili (URV), Campus de Sescelades, N4 Building, 43007 Tarragona, Catalonia, - - 2014
Molecular fingerprints have been used for a long time now in drug discovery and virtual screening. Their ease of use (requiring little to no configuration) and the speed at which substructure and similarity searches can be performed with them -paired with a virtual screening performance similar to other more complex ...
Brunckhorst Oliver O MRC Centre for Transplantation, King's College London, King's Health Partners, London, United Kingdom; Department of Urology, Guy's and St. Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, King's Health Partners, London, United - - 2014
Simulation is a common adjunct to operative training and various modalities exist for ureteroscopy. This systematic review aims the following: (1) to identify available ureteroscopy simulators, (2) to explore evidence for their effectiveness using characteristic criterion, and (3) to provide recommendations for simulation-based ureteroscopy training. The preferred reporting items for ...
Bisetti Fabrizio F Clean Combustion Research Center, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal 23955, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia - - 2014
Combustion of fossil fuels is likely to continue for the near future due to the growing trends in energy consumption worldwide. The increase in efficiency and the reduction of pollutant emissions from combustion devices are pivotal to achieving meaningful levels of carbon abatement as part of the ongoing climate change ...
Giles M B MB Mathematical Institute, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK - - 2014
High-performance computing has evolved remarkably over the past 20 years, and that progress is likely to continue. However, in recent years, this progress has been achieved through greatly increased hardware complexity with the rise of multicore and manycore processors, and this is affecting the ability of application developers to achieve ...
Paton James Y JY Department of Paediatric Respiratory Medicine, Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Glasgow, - - 2014
The use of data to challenge and improve healthcare has a long and distinguished history but has often failed to bring about expected improvements. It has never become fully embedded in clinical practice, probably because data alone are insufficient to drive change. There is now a greater appreciation that changing ...
May Thomas T Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA, - - 2014
This paper argues that it will be important for new genomic technologies to recognize the limits of traditional approaches to informed consent, so that other-regarding implications of genomic information can be properly contextualized and individual rights respected. Respect for individual autonomy will increasingly require dynamic consideration of the interrelated dimensions ...
Slotnick Jeffrey P JP Flight Sciences, The Boeing Company, Huntington Beach, CA, USA - - 2014
As global air travel expands rapidly to meet demand generated by economic growth, it is essential to continue to improve the efficiency of air transportation to reduce its carbon emissions and address concerns about climate change. Future transports must be 'cleaner' and designed to include technologies that will continue to ...
Peck Mika Robert MR School of Life Sciences, JMS Building, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton, BN1 9QJ, United Kingdom. - - 2014
In species-rich tropical forests, effective biodiversity management demands measures of progress, yet budgetary limitations typically constrain capacity of decision makers to assess response of biological communities to habitat change. One approach is to identify ecological-disturbance indicator species (EDIS) whose monitoring is also monetarily cost-effective. These species can be identified by ...
Wong Shen Yuong - - 2014
This paper presents a fuzzy extreme learning machine (F-ELM) that embeds fuzzy membership functions and rules into the hidden layer of extreme learning machine (ELM). Similar to the concept of ELM that employed the random initialization technique, three parameters of F-ELM are randomly assigned. They are the standard deviation of ...
Luo Chuan - - 2014
Two-mode stochastic local search (SLS) and focused random walk (FRW) are the two most influential paradigms of SLS algorithms for the propositional satisfiability (SAT) problem. Recently, an interesting idea called configuration checking (CC) was proposed to handle the cycling problem in SLS. The CC idea has been successfully used to ...
Bolhuis Henk H Department of Marine Microbiology, Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research, NIOZ, Korringaweg 7, NL 4401 NT, - - 2014
Phototrophic microbial mats are ideal model systems for ecological and evolutionary analysis of highly diverse microbial communities. Microbial mats are small-scale, nearly closed, self-sustaining benthic ecosystems that comprise the major element cycles, trophic levels and food webs. The steep and fluctuating physicochemical micro-gradients, that are the result of the ever ...
Patrick Christopher J CJ Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL - - 2014
The Triarchic model (Patrick, Fowles, & Krueger, 2009) was formulated to reconcile contrasting conceptions of psychopathy reflected in historic writings and contemporary assessment instruments, and to address persisting unresolved issues in the field. The model conceives of psychopathy as encompassing three distinct but interrelated phenotypic dispositions-disinhibition, boldness, and meanness-with biological ...
Jian Weiyan W Department of Health Policy and Management, School of Public Health, Health Science Center, Peking University, Beijing, - - 2014
Diagnosis-related group (DRG) system is a classification system widely used in health managements, the foundation of which lies in the medical information system. A large effort had been made to improve the quality of discharge data before the introduction of DRGs in Beijing. We extract discharge data from 108 local ...
Hays Richard B RB Bond University , Queensland , - - 2014
Abstract In an era of increasing scrutiny of the performance of graduates in the workplace, there can be frustrations when decisions about learners with borderline or poor performance in formal assessments are over-turned in appeal processes. This article addresses the approach to reducing the uncertainty about assessment decisions and surviving ...
Codella James J Department of Industrial & Systems Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI (JC, OA)Bureau of Communicable Diseases and Emergency Response, Wisconsin Division of Public Health, Madison, WI (RH)Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics, Madison, WI and William S. Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital, Madison, WI - - 2014
Control of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is an increasingly difficult problem for health care institutions. There are commonly recommended strategies to combat CDI transmission, such as oral vancomycin for CDI treatment, increased hand hygiene with soap and water for health care workers, daily environmental disinfection of infected patient rooms, and ...
Häcker Georg G Institute of Medical Microbiology and Hygiene, University Medical Centre Freiburg, Freiburg, - - 2014
It may be worth asking whether all the hoopla about CPAF is justified. Our view is: yes, it is. As in any active scientific area, not every proposal regarding CPAF function has held up. The recent developments are very encouraging: we now have a much better idea of what CPAF ...
Robinson John D JD Department of Biology, City College of New York, 160 Convent Ave., MR 526, New York, NY, - - 2014
Rapidly developing sequencing technologies and declining costs have made it possible to collect genome-scale data from population-level samples in non-model systems. Inferential tools for historical demography given these datasets are, at present, underdeveloped. In particular, approximate Bayesian computation (ABC) has yet to be widely embraced by researchers generating these data. ...
Wolf Jeffrey C JC Experimental Pathology Laboratories, Inc., Sterling, Virginia, USA - - 2014
Differentiating salient histopathologic changes from normal anatomic features or tissue artifacts can be decidedly challenging, especially for the novice fish pathologist. As a consequence, findings of questionable accuracy may be reported inadvertently, and the potential negative impacts of publishing inaccurate histopathologic interpretations are not always fully appreciated. The objectives of ...
Lovasi Gina S - - 2014
Neighborhood built environment characteristics may encourage physical activity, but previous literature on the topic has been critiqued for its reliance on cross-sectional data. In this issue of the Journal, Knuiman et al. (Am J Epidemiol. 2014;00(00):0000-0000) present longitudinal analyses of built environment characteristics as predictors of neighborhood transportation walking. We ...
Fan Xing X College of Renewable Energy, North China Electric Power University, Beinong Road No. 2, Changping District, Beijing, 102206, People's Republic of - - 2014
In developing optimal groundwater remediation strategies, limited effort has been exerted to solve the uncertainty in environmental quality standards. When such uncertainty is not considered, either over optimistic or over pessimistic optimization strategies may be developed, probably leading to the formulation of rigid remediation strategies. This study advances a mathematical ...
Raja K Nirmal KN Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, St.Xaviers Catholic College of Engineering, Nagarcoil, 629 003, Tamilnadu, India, - - 2014
Wireless sensor networks are generally deployed for collecting data from various environments. Several applications specific sensor network cryptography algorithms have been proposed in research. However WSN's has many constrictions, including low computation capability, less memory,limited energy resources, vulnerability to physical capture, which enforce unique security challenges needs to make a ...
Uddin Md Jasim - - 2014
The authors would like to apologise for not including Tracey P. Koehlmoos as an author on this work [1]. She was involved in the conception and design of the study and should have been included in the author list. This has now been corrected and the author list, authors' contribution ...
Sichel M - - 2014
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1098/rspa.2001.0853.].
Dujardin Jean-Pierre JP IRD, UMR IRD-CIRAD INTERTRYP, Campus international de Baillarguet, Montpellier, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Modern methods allow a geometric representation of forms, separating size and shape. In entomology, as well as in many other fields involving arthropod studies, shape variation has proved useful for species identification and population characterization. In medical entomology, it has been applied to very specific questions such as population structure, ...
Siefken Katja K Human Potential Centre, Faculty of Health and Environmental Sciences, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand - - 2014
The South Pacific region is experiencing significant rates of chronic diseases. Well-evaluated health promotion programmes are needed as a central piece of a strategic solution. Just as important as the evaluation itself is how that evaluation outcome can be communicated for future programme use by local programme planners. The objective ...
Priaulx Nicky N Cardiff Law School, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK, - - 2014
We argue that the way in which the concept of expertise is understood and invoked has prevented progress in the debate as to whether moral philosophers can be said to be 'moral experts'. We offer an account of expertise that draws on the role of tacit knowledge in order to ...
Enzmann Brittany L BL Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Los Angeles, 621 Charles E. Young Drive South, Box 951606, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The role of the ant colony worker largely consists of non-reproductive tasks, such as foraging, tending brood, and defense. However, workers are vitally linked to reproduction through their provisioning of sexual offspring, which are produced annually to mate and initiate new colonies. Gynes (future queens) have size-associated variation in colony ...
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