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Fu Ada Wai-Chee AW Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Chinese University of Hong Kong. Electronic address: - - 2014
While the study of privacy preserving data publishing has drawn a lot of interest, some recent work has shown that existing mechanisms do not limit all inferences about individuals. This paper is a positive note in response to this finding. We point out that not all inference attacks should be ...
Paoletti P P School of Engineering and Applied Sciences , Harvard University , 29 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, - - 2014
Birds, fish and other animals routinely use unsteady effects to save energy by alternating between phases of active propulsion and passive coasting. Here, we construct a minimal model for such behaviour that can be couched as an optimal control problem via an analogy to travelling with a rechargeable battery. An ...
Bossa Guilherme Volpe GV Instituto de Biociencias, Letras e Ciencias Exatas, Sao Paulo State University , Sao Jose do Rio Preto, 15054-000, - - 2014
The determination of pK values of amino acid residues as a function of temperature and ionic concentration is crucial to understanding the dynamics of various biological processes such as adsorption of peptides and their interactions with active sites of enzymes. In this study we developed a mean-field model to calculate ...
McClellan Nathaniel R NR Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, The Ohio State University, Columbus, - - 2014
To (1) develop a model of cyclical adduction force on an abducted left arytenoid cartilage that mimics swallowing or coughing; (2) determine if arytenoid abduction by a clamp before knot tying will improve the maintenance of abduction under cyclical adduction testing. Experimental. Cadaveric equine larynges (n = 14). Left laryngoplasty performed using ...
Olsson Cecilia C Department of Physical Geography and Ecosystem Science, Lund University, SE-223 62, - - 2014
Budburst models have mainly been developed to capture the processes of individual trees, and vary in their complexity and plant physiological realism. We evaluated how well eleven models capture the variation in budburst of birch and Norway spruce in Germany, Austria, UK and Finland. The comparison was based on the ...
Arik Enis - - 2014
Investigation of frequency dependent permittivity of mixture solutions provides information on role of intermolecular interactions on relaxation processes of solvent and solute molecules. In this study the dielectric properties of ethanol/gasoline mixtures in the terahertz spectral region are investigated. Frequency dependent absorption coefficients, refractive indices, and complex permittivities of pure ...
Giagkiozis Ioannis I School of Mathematics and Statistics, The University of Sheffield, Sheffield, S3 7RH, United Kingdom. - - 2014
Abstract The set of available multi-objective optimisation algorithms continues to grow. This fact can be partially attributed to their widespread use and applicability. However, this increase also suggests several issues remain to be addressed satisfactorily. One such issue is the diversity and the number of solutions available to the decision ...
Kim Soohyung S Department of IT Convergence, Korea University, Anam-dong, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul, Korea. Electronic address: - - 2014
The anonymization of health data streams is important to protect these data against potential privacy breaches. A large number of research studies aiming at offering privacy in the context of data streams has been recently conducted. However, the techniques that have been proposed in these studies generate a significant delay ...
Rivalta Ivan I Université de Lyon, CNRS, École normale supérieure de Lyon, UMR 5182, 46 Allée d'Italie, 69364 Lyon, Cedex 07, France. ivan.rivalta@ens-lyon.fr - - 2014
Retinal chromophores are the photoactive molecular units of visual and archaeal rhodopsins, an important class of light-activated biological photoreceptors. Extensive computational studies aimed to reveal the intrinsic photophysical and photochemical behavior of retinals in vacuo and the environmental effects that tune their properties in proteins and in solution are reviewed. ...
Nassar Ahmed A 1Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, - - 2014
Introduction. Normothermic machine perfusion (NMP) is an emerging preservation modality that holds the potential to prevent the injury associated with low temperature and to promote organ repair that follows ischemic cell damage. While several animal studies have showed its superiority over cold storage (CS), minimal studies in the literature have ...
Shen Rui R School of Engineering, Brown University, Providence RI 02912, - - 2014
The transport of volatile organic vapors from subsurface to building involves complex processes. Since the release of the draft subsurface vapor intrusion guidance by the U.S. EPA in 2002, great progress has been made in understanding these processes in various field and modeling studies. In these studies, the importance of ...
Oscar Thomas P TP U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Residue Chemistry and Predictive Microbiology Research Unit, Room 2111, Center for Food Science and Technology, Univ. of Maryland Eastern Shore, Princess Anne, MD 21853, - - 2014
A study was undertaken to investigate and model behavior of Salmonella on chicken meat during cold storage at constant temperatures. Chicken meat (white, dark, or skin) portions (0.75 cm(3) ) were inoculated with a single strain of Salmonella Typhimurium DT104 (2.8 log) followed by storage for 0 to 8 d ...
Erem Burak - - 2014
Noninvasive imaging of cardiac electrical function has begun to move towards clinical adoption. Here, we consider one common formulation of the problem, in which the goal is to estimate the spatial distribution of electrical activation times during a cardiac cycle. We address the challenge of understanding the robustness and uncertainty ...
Yan Zheng Z Department of Mechanical and Automation Engineering, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong. Electronic address: - - 2014
This paper presents a novel collective neurodynamic optimization method for solving nonconvex optimization problems with bound constraints. First, it is proved that a one-layer projection neural network has a property that its equilibria are in one-to-one correspondence with the Karush-Kuhn-Tucker points of the constrained optimization problem. Next, a collective neurodynamic ...
Sun Kaibiao K School of Control Science and Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, 116024, People's Republic of - - 2014
The aim of this study is the optimization of a product-driven self-cycling bioprocess and presentation of a way to determine the best possible decision variables out of a set of alternatives based on the designed model. Initially, a product-driven generalized kinetic model, which allows a flexible choice of the most ...
- - 2014
The optimization problem of an absolute radiometer's timing parameters is investigated for comparison experiments of Total Solar Irradiance Monitor (TSIM). Comparison experiments were performed to establish the TSIM's contact with other space radiometers for measuring total solar irradiance (TSI). Since the comparison experiments had to be performed on a tight ...
Mahnič-Kalamiza Samo S University of Technology of Compiègne, Centre de Recherches de Royallieu - BP 20529, 60205 Compiègne Cedex, France; University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Tržaška c. 25, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia. Electronic address: - - 2014
In many electroporation applications mass transport in biological tissue is of primary concern. This paper presents a theoretical advancement in the field and gives some examples of model use in electroporation applications. The study focuses on post-treatment solute diffusion. We use a dual-porosity approach to describe solute diffusion in electroporated ...
Rinaldi S S CRB-Biomass Research Centre, Via G. Duranti, 67-06125 Perugia, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The cradle to grave carbon footprint (CF) and energy footprint (EF) analysis of extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) produced in the Province of Perugia (Umbria, Italy) is assessed. In this study, olive orchard cultivation, EVOO extraction, bottling, packaging, storage at -18°C and distribution in the main importing countries were studied ...
Petrovic Andreas A Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Clinical-Forensic Imaging, Graz, Austria; Graz University of Technology, Institute for Medical Engineering, Graz, - - 2014
T2 quantification with multiecho sequences is typically impaired by the contribution of stimulated echoes to the echo decay due to B1 + inhomogeneity and slice profile effects. In this work, a compact signal model based on the generating functions approach, which accounts for both sources of error, is presented. The ...
Galbraith S C SC School of Engineering and Physical Sciences, James Cook University, Townsville 4811, - - 2014
Nutrient stewardship is emerging as an issue of global importance, which will drive the development of nutrient recovery in the near to medium future. This will impact wastewater treatment practices, environmental protection, sustainable agriculture and global food security. A modelling framework for precipitation-based nutrient recovery systems has been developed, incorporating ...
Zhang Zili Z School of Computer and Information Science, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, People's Republic of China. School of Information Technology, Deakin University, 3217, - - 2014
Ant colony optimization (ACO) algorithms often fall into the local optimal solution and have lower search efficiency for solving the travelling salesman problem (TSP). According to these shortcomings, this paper proposes a universal optimization strategy for updating the pheromone matrix in the ACO algorithms. The new optimization strategy takes advantages ...
Krause D D Center of Life and Food Sciences Weihenstephan, Group of Bio-Process Analysis, TU Muenchen, Weihenstephaner Steig 20, 85354 Freising, - - 2014
This paper presents a multivariate regression method for the prediction of maltose concentration in aqueous solutions. For this purpose, time and frequency domain of ultrasonic signals are analyzed. It is shown, that the prediction of concentration at different temperatures is possible by using several multivariate regression models for individual temperature ...
Bourget P P University Hospital Necker-Enfants Malades, Clinical Pharmacy Department, Paris, - - 2014
Ceftazidime is particularly efficient against P. aeruginosa in cystic fibrosis patients. Thus, the spontaneous production of pyridine, which is a toxic product, raises some concern. Our aim was to examine the kinetics of degradation of ceftazidime in portable infusion pumps either at 4, 22, or 33 °C and to propose ...
Le Fur Soizic S Institut International de Paléoprimatologie et Paléontologie Humaine, Evolution et Paléoenvironnements (iPHEP), UMR CNRS 7262, Université de Poitiers, Bât. B 35, 40 avenue du Recteur Pineau, F-86022 Poitiers cedex, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
The fossiliferous area of Toros-Menalla (TM) (Djurab Desert, northern Chad) has yielded one of the richest African mammal faunas of the late Miocene. It is also the place where the earliest known hominin, Sahelanthropus tchadensis, was found. Although more than 300 localities are recorded in that area, previous paleoecological studies ...
Everson Richard M RM Department of Computer Science, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK. - - 2014
Abstract Multi-objective optimisation yields an estimated Pareto front of mutually nondominating solutions, but with more than three objectives understanding the relationships between solutions is challenging. Natural solutions to use as landmarks are those lying near to the edges of the mutually non-dominating set. We propose four definitions of edge points ...
Szilágyi Sándor M SM Petru Maior University, Department of Informatics, Str. Nicolae Iorga Nr. 1, 540088 Tîrgu Mureş, Romania. Electronic address: - - 2014
TRIBE-MCL is a Markov clustering algorithm that operates on a graph built from pairwise similarity information of the input data. Edge weights stored in the stochastic similarity matrix are alternately fed to the two main operations, inflation and expansion, and are normalized in each main loop to maintain the probabilistic ...
Gray Kurt K 1Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina, Chapel - - 2014
Psychological explanations of group genesis often require population heterogeneity in identity or other characteristics, whether deep (e.g., religion) or superficial (e.g., eye color). We used agent-based models to explore group genesis in homogeneous populations and found robust group formation with just two basic principles: reciprocity and transitivity. These emergent groups ...
Madden V V Imperial College London, - - 2014
To assess how the Warm Homes Healthy People Fund 2011/12 was used by English local authorities and their partners to tackle excess winter mortality. Mixed-methods evaluation. Three sources of data were used: an online survey to local authority leads, document analysis of local evaluation reports and telephone interviews of local ...
Kattelus Mervi - - 2014
Implementation of the Directive on the Application on Patient's Rights in Cross-border Healthcare (2011/24/EU) has proved to be quite challenging in Finland.
Sinobad Tamara - - 2014
Dimensional stability and accuracy of an impression after chemical disinfection by immersion in disinfectants are crucial for the accuracy of final prosthetic restorations. The aim of this study was to assess the deformation of addition and condensation silicone impressions after disinfection in antimicrobial solutions. A total of 120 impressions were ...
van der Meer Esther W C EW Department of Public and Occupational Health, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Center, Van der Boechorststraat 7, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The - - 2014
Process data give important insights into how an intervention is implemented. The aim of the present study is to conduct a process evaluation, alongside a randomised controlled trail, on the implementation of recommendations for the prevention of hand eczema. The intervention was carried out in healthcare workers' departments and consisted ...
Worley Bradley - - 2014
Data handling in the field of NMR metabolomics has historically been reliant on either in-house mathematical routines or long chains of expensive commercial software. Thus, while the relatively simple biochemical protocols of metabolomics maintain a low barrier to entry, new practitioners of metabolomics experiments are forced to either purchase expensive ...
Allison Stuart Anthony - - 2014
The coarse grained continuum primitive model is developed and used to characterize the titration and electrical conductance behavior of aqueous solutions of fullerene hexa malonic acid, FHMA. The spherical FHMA molecule, a highly charged electrolyte with an absolute valence charge as large as 12, is modeled as a dielectric sphere ...
Quinto E J EJ Institute of Food Research, Norwich, NR4 7UA, United - - 2014
A model to predict the population density of verotoxigenic Escherichia coli, VTEC, throughout the elaboration and storage of fermented raw meat sausages, FRMS, was developed. Probabilistic and kinetic measurement datasets collected from publicly available resources were completed with new measurements when required and used to quantify the dependence of VTEC ...
Sandberg Lars L Division of Biological Chemistry and Drug Discovery College of Life Sciences, University of Dundee, Dundee, UK, - - 2014
An implicit solvent model described by a non-simple dielectric medium is used for the prediction of hydration free energies on the dataset of 47 molecules in the SAMPL4 challenge. The solute is represented by a minimal parameter set model based on a new all atom force-field, named the liquid simulation ...
Pistone Kristina K Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA - - 2014
The decline of Arctic sea ice has been documented in over 30 y of satellite passive microwave observations. The resulting darkening of the Arctic and its amplification of global warming was hypothesized almost 50 y ago but has yet to be verified with direct observations. This study uses satellite radiation ...
Allmendinger Andrea A Late Stage Pharmaceutical and Processing Development, Pharmaceutical Development & Supplies, Pharma Technical Development Biologics EU, F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd, Basel, Switzerland; Division of Pharmaceutical Technology, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Basel, Basel, - - 2014
Development of injection devices for subcutaneous drug administration requires a detailed understanding of user capability and forces occurring during the drug administration process. Injection forces of concentrated protein therapeutics are influenced by syringe properties (e.g., needle diameter) and injection speed, and are driven by solution properties such as rheology. In ...
Dechant Pierre Philippe PP Mathematics Department, Durham University, Durham, DH1 3LE, - - 2014
The principle of affine symmetry is applied here to the nested fullerene cages (carbon onions) that arise in the context of carbon chemistry. Previous work on affine extensions of the icosahedral group has revealed a new organizational principle in virus structure and assembly. This group-theoretic framework is adapted here to ...
Aroyo Mois I MI Departamento Física de la Materia Condensada, Universidad del País Vasco (UPV/EHU), Bilbao, - - 2014
The Brillouin-zone database of the Bilbao Crystallographic Server (http://www.cryst.ehu.es) offers k-vector tables and figures which form the background of a classification of the irreducible representations of all 230 space groups. The symmetry properties of the wavevectors are described by the so-called reciprocal-space groups and this classification scheme is compared with ...
Terradas-Ill Georgina - - 2014
In many developing countries simple biogas digesters are used to produce energy for domestic purposes from anaerobic digestion of animal manure. We developed a simple, one-dimensional (1-D), thermal model with easily-available input data for unheated, unstirred, uninsulated, fixed-dome digesters buried in the soil to study heat transfer between biogas digester ...
Georgescu Matei M School of Geographical Sciences and Urban Planning, Global Institute of Sustainability, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ - - 2014
Modeling results incorporating several distinct urban expansion futures for the United States in 2100 show that, in the absence of any adaptive urban design, megapolitan expansion, alone and separate from greenhouse gas-induced forcing, can be expected to raise near-surface temperatures 1-2 °C not just at the scale of individual cities ...
Zhang Zhao Z School of Computer Science and Technology, Soochow University, Suzhou 215006, PR China; Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National University of Singapore, - - 2014
Latent Low-Rank Representation (LatLRR) delivers robust and promising results for subspace recovery and feature extraction through mining the so-called hidden effects, but the locality of both similar principal and salient features cannot be preserved in the optimizations. To solve this issue for achieving enhanced performance, a boosted version of LatLRR, ...
König Gerhard G Laboratory of Computational Biology, National Institutes of Health, National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, 5635 Fishers Lane, T-900 Suite, Rockville, MD, 20852, USA, - - 2014
The correct representation of solute-water interactions is essential for the accurate simulation of most biological phenomena. Several highly accurate quantum methods are available to deal with solvation by using both implicit and explicit solvents. So far, however, most evaluations of those methods were based on a single conformation, which neglects ...
Kuechler Erich R ER BioMaPS Institute and Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854-8087, - - 2014
The nucleophilic attack of a chloride ion on methyl chloride is an important prototype SN2 reaction in organic chemistry that is known to be sensitive to the effects of the surrounding solvent. Herein, we develop a highly accurate Specific Reaction Parameter (SRP) model based on the Austin Model 1 Hamiltonian ...
Costa Cristina C Department of Agricultural Sciences, Food and Environment, University of Foggia, Via Napoli, 25, I-71122, Foggia, - - 2014
Oysters have a high commercial value but owing to their short shelf life are generally commercialized as raw material within very restricted market borders. A step-by-step optimization approach was used in this work to design ready-to-eat oyster packaging. In particular, six different steps were carried out in order to extend ...
Jawale Rajashree H RH Chemical Engineering Department, Institute of Chemical Technology, Matunga, Mumbai 400019, - - 2014
Industrial wastewater streams containing high concentrations of biorefractory materials like cyanides should ideally be treated at source. In the present work, degradation of potassium ferrocyanide (K4Fe(CN)6) as a model pollutant has been investigated using cavitational reactors with possible intensification studies using different approaches. Effect of different operating parameters such as ...
Kim Eugene - - 2014
Drawing from victim precipitation, social comparison, and identity theories, this study develops and tests an integrative model of the victimization of high-performing employees. We examine envy as an explanatory mechanism of the victimization of high performers from fellow group members and propose work group identification as a moderator of this ...
Ivajnšič Danijel D Department of Biology, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, University of Maribor, Koroška 160, 2000, Maribor, Slovenia, - - 2014
A habitat transition model, based on the correlation between individual habitats and micro-elevation intervals, showed substantial changes in the future spatial distributions of coastal habitats. The research was performed within two protected areas in Slovenia: Sečovlje Salina Nature Park and Škocjan Inlet Nature Reserve. Shifts between habitats will occur, but ...
Kotilainen Aarno T AT Geological Survey of Finland, P.O. Box 96, 02151, Espoo, Finland, - - 2014
Integrated sediment multiproxy studies and modeling were used to reconstruct past changes in the Baltic Sea ecosystem. Results of natural changes over the past 6000 years in the Baltic Sea ecosystem suggest that forecasted climate warming might enhance environmental problems of the Baltic Sea. Integrated modeling and sediment proxy studies reveal ...
van Trigt C - - 2014
This paper discusses a number of open problems in color constancy theory whose correct solution is a prerequisite for the theory of the phenomenon. Solutions employing suitable visually meaningful versus physically meaningful basis functions (principal components) are examined. In the former case the starting point is an estimate of the ...
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