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Marbacher Serge S Department of Neurosurgery, Kantonsspital Aarau, Aarau, Switzerland, - - 2015
The recently introduced rabbit blood shunt subarachnoid haemorrhage model is based on the two standard procedures of subclavian artery cannulation and transcutaneous cisterna magna puncture. An extracorporeal shunt placed in between the arterial system and the subarachnoid space allows examiner-independent SAH in a closed cranium. Despite its straightforwardness, it is ...
Sands Noah Benjamin NB Division of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto General Hospital, R. Fraser Elliott Building, 190 Elizabeth Street, Room 3S - 438, Toronto, Ontario M5G 2C4, Canada; Adamson Associates Cosmetic Facial Surgery, 150 Bloor Street West, M110, Toronto, Ontario M5S 2X9, - - 2015
Vertical arch division is a mainstay of tip surgery, and its applications are expanding. It allows deprojection of the overprojected tip, and modifies rotation, length, and lobule definition. These parameters can be altered in a controlled, predictable fashion when the alar cartilage is preserved and overlapped, maintaining its strength. Cartilage ...
Peeters Geert - - 2014
Liver cirrhosis represents the end-stage of different liver disorders, progressively affecting hepatic architecture, hemodynamics and function. Morphologically, cirrhosis is characterized by diffuse fibrosis, the conversion of normal liver architecture into structurally abnormal regenerative nodules and the formation of an abundant vascular network. To date, the vascular remodeling and altered hemodynamics ...
Xu Changjin C Guizhou Key Laboratory of Economics System Simulation, Guizhou University of Finance and Economics , Guiyang 550004 , PR - - 2014
In this paper, shunting inhibitory cellular neural networks(SICNNs) with neutral type delays and time-varying leakage delays are investigated. By applying Lyapunov functional method and differential inequality techniques, a set of sufficient conditions are obtained for the existence and exponential stability of pseudo almost periodic solutions of the model. An example ...
Smith Philip L PL Melbourne School of Psychological Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Normalization models of visual sensitivity assume that the response of a visual mechanism is scaled divisively by the sum of the activity in the excitatory and inhibitory mechanisms in its neighborhood. Normalization models of attention assume that the weighting of excitatory and inhibitory mechanisms is modulated by attention. Such models ...
Dresser Karyn K Research and Program Practices, Stars Behavioral Health Group, 7677 Oakport Street, Suite 1010, Oakland, CA, 94621, USA, - - 2014
Transition into adulthood represents a particularly challenging period for youth and young adults with serious mental health conditions and related needs. The Transition to Independence Process (TIP) model is based on a positive development approach and has been demonstrated to be an evidence-supported practice for preparing emerging adults in their ...
Sivo Gaetano - - 2014
Adaptive optics provides real time correction of wavefront disturbances on ground based telescopes. Optimizing control and performance is a key issue for ever more demanding instruments on ever larger telescopes affected not only by atmospheric turbulence, but also by vibrations, windshake and tracking errors. Linear Quadratic Gaussian control achieves optimal ...
Luo Maisheng M School of Biomedical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, - - 2014
A virtual reality (VR) based vascular intervention simulation system is introduced in this paper, which helps trainees develop surgical skills and experience complications in safety remote from patients. The system simulates interventional radiology procedures, in which flexible tipped guidewires are employed to advance diagnostic or therapeutic catheters into vascular anatomy ...
Räder Sune B E W SB From the Centre for Clinical Education (S.B.E.W.R.,B.B.), University of Copenhagen and Capital Region; and Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory (E.J.), Department of Cardiology, Department of Vascular Surgery (B.B., L.L.), and Department of Cardiovascular Radiology (L.L.), University Hospital Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen; and Department of Cardiology (U.A.), Gentofte University Hospital, Hellerup, Denmark; and Department of Anesthesia (C.V.R.), and The Wilson Centre (C.V.R.), University of Toronto and University Health Network, Toronto, - - 2014
Simulation-based assessment studies have related simulator performance to clinical experience instead of actual clinical performance. This study validates a novel rating scale for coronary angiography (CA) performance and at the same time explores the association between CA performance in a simulated setting and in the catheterization laboratory. Ten cardiologists and ...
Ardestani Marzieh Mostafavizadeh MM State Key Laboratory for Manufacturing Systems Engineering, School of Mechanical Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, 710049 Xi'an, Shaanxi, - - 2014
There is a growing interest in non-surgical gait rehabilitation treatments to reduce the loading in the knee joint. In particular, synergetic kinematic changes required for joint offloading should be determined individually for each subject. Previous studies for gait rehabilitation designs are typically relied on a "trial-and-error" approach, using multi-body dynamic ...
Winance Myriam M INSERM, U988 , Villejuif , France - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: The author analyses some theoretical presuppositions of the Universal Design approach. She shows that it is based on two paradoxes: (1) it reduces diversity to the "universal", (2) it depends on an asymmetrical view of abilities and disabilities. The author suggests a way of changing this concept in ...
Heylighen Ann A University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Department of Architecture, Research[x]Design , Leuven (Heverlee) , - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: Studies suggest that the concept of universal design (UD) is not widely accepted and that some of its ideas are received rather sceptically. This article confronts the concept of UD with prevailing notions and practices of design. It examines how UD can be situated relative to design in ...
Pretz C R CR 1] Research Department, Craig Hospital, Englewood, CO, USA [2] Traumatic Brain Injury National Data and Statistical Center, Englewood, CO, - - 2014
Study Design:A longitudinal retrospective study.Objective:To better understand individual-level temporal change in functional status for participants with paraplegia in the National Spinal Cord Injury Database (NSCID), as measured by Rasch Transformed Motor Functional Indepedence Measure (FIM) scores.Setting:Multicenter/Multistate longitudinal study across the United States.Methods:Non-linear random effects modeling, that is, individual growth curve ...
Poltawski Leon L , University of Exeter Medical School, St Luke's Campus, Magdalen Rd, Exeter EX1 2LU, United Kingdom. - - 2014
Background: Intervention fidelity is concerned with the extent to which interventions are implemented as intended. Consideration of fidelity is essential if the conclusions of effectiveness studies are to be credible, but little attention has been given to it in the rehabilitation literature. We describe our experiences addressing fidelity in the ...
Parker Jack - - 2014
Evidence indicates that post - stroke rehabilitation improves function, independence and quality of life. A key aspect of rehabilitation is the provision of appropriate information and feedback to the learner.Advances in information and communications technology (ICT) have allowed for the development of various systems to complement stroke rehabilitation that could ...
Fang Juan J Institute for Rehabilitation and Performance Technology, Division of Mechanical Engineering, Department of Engineering and Information Technology, Bern University of Applied Sciences, Burgdorf, Switzerland Centre for Rehabilitation Engineering, School of Engineering, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, - - 2014
Rehabilitation of walking should start early after injury to maximise the beneficial effects of gait restoration. Most current gait robotic systems are not suitable for patients who cannot maintain an upright position. This study aimed to develop a prototype to test a supine-stepping system for early rehabilitation of walking.METHODS: Based ...
Chang Feng-Hang FH Postdoctoral Research Fellow of Health and Disability Research Institute, Boston University School of Public Health, 715 Albany Street, T5W, Boston, MA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Participation is a key indicator of health and well-being and a critical rehabilitation goal for individuals with disabilities. Despite the numerous participation measures that have been developed, there is still an absence of agreement on the definition, domains and dimensions of this construct. The result is that instruments intending to ...
Skubik-Peplaski Camille C 1Department of Occupational Therapy, Eastern Kentucky University, Camille, Richmond, - - 2014
ABSTRACT This descriptive case study illustrates the experiences of a 55-year-old male with a chronic disability resulting from a stroke, living in the community and a clinician's trial using occupation-based interventions predominately in a rehabilitation setting. The participant engaged in occupation-based interventions three times a week for 5 weeks guided ...
O Shea Eoghan Conor EC Department of Civil Structural & Environmental Engineering, Trinity College Dublin , Dublin , Ireland - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: Universal design (UD) provides an explanation of good design based on the user perspective, which are outlined through its principles, goals, and related frameworks. The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of the frameworks and methods for UD building evaluations and to describe how close ...
McPhail Steven M SM Principal Research Fellow, Centre for Functioning and Health Research, Metro South Health, Brisbane, - - 2014
Study Design Delphi panel and cohort study. Objective Develop and refine a condition-specific patient reported outcome known as the Ankle-Fracture Outcome of Rehabilitation Measure (A-FORM); and examine its psychometric properties including factor structure, reliability, and validity by assessing item fit with the Rasch model. Background To our knowledge, there is ...
Bhatlawande Shripad - - 2014
This paper proposes a new electronic mobility cane (EMC) for providing obstacle detection and way-finding assistance to the visually impaired people. The main feature of this cane is that it constructs the logical map of the surrounding environment to deduce the priority information. It provides a simplified representation of the ...
Milani Patrizia P Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Resident program, Università degli Studi, Turin, - - 2014
To provide a systematic review of apps for smartphones validated for body position measurement relevant to physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R). TYPE: Systematic search and review. A literature search was conducted on relevant articles indexed by PubMed before April 15, 2014. We selected only research papers published in English. Papers ...
Xu James - - 2014
Today, the bicycle is utilized as a daily commute tool, a physical rehabilitation asset and sporting equipment, prompting studies into the biomechanics of cycling. Of the number of important parameters that affect cycling efficiency, the foot angle profile is one of the most important as it correlates directly with the ...
Saggio Giovanni G Department of Electronic Engineering, University "Tor Vergata", Via del Politecnico 1, 00133, Rome, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Knee injuries form a large part of musculoskeletal trauma in sporting activities and the rehabilitation can require a long period, for both the patients and the specialists, to restore healthy condition. A reliable, portable, and low-cost system that could allow quick, simple, and effective measurement of knee flexion angles would ...
Jackson Howard F HF TRU Ltd, Haydock, - - 2014
Jackson et al. (this edition) argue that structure is an important component in reducing the handicaps caused by cognitive impairments following acquired brain injury and that post-acute neuropsychological brain injury rehabilitation programmes should not only endeavour to provide structure but also aim to develop self-structuring. However, at present there is ...
Nawa Christine - - 2014
Immediately after its opening in 1855, Bunsen's Heidelberg laboratory became iconic as the most modern and best equipped laboratory in Europe. Although comparatively modest in size, the laboratory's progressive equipment made it a role model for new construction projects in Germany and beyond. In retrospect, it represents an intermediate stage ...
Edwards Claire C School of Applied Social Studies, University College Cork , Cork , Ireland - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: Recent debates about the epistemological origins of Universal Design (UD) have questioned how far universalist design approaches can address the particularities and diversities of the human form through a series of standardised, technical responses. This article contributes to these debates by discussing an emergent architectural paradigm known as ...
Evans Jonathan J JJ a Institute of Health and Wellbeing , University of Glasgow , Scotland , - - 2014
This paper introduces the Special Issue of Neuropsychological Rehabilitation on Single Case Experimental Design (SCED) methodology. SCED studies have a long history of use in evaluating behavioural and psychological interventions, but in recent years there has been a resurgence of interest in SCED methodology, driven in part by the development ...
- - 2014
Kinematic modelling of a robotic gait device for early rehabilitation of walking J Fang, H Gollee, S Galen, D B Allan, B A Conway and A VuckovicThe authors would like to bring attention to the error published in "Kinematic modelling of a robotic gait device for early rehabilitation of walking", ...
Ai Qing Song QS School of Information Engineering, Wuhan University of Technology, No. 122 Luoshi Road, Hongshan District, Wuhan, 430070, Hubei, People's Republic of China, - - 2014
Low limb rehabilitation training is recognized as a very effective technique to facilitate body recovery. To make rehabilitation more efficient, we need to monitor the whole progress and detect how well the patient improves. The physician could make an optimal treatment plan according to the patient's improvement only when the ...
Davey Linda L Griffith University, - - 2014
Despite the ubiquity of theatre projects in prisons there has been little (published) discussion of the application of theatre to the theories of criminology or rehabilitation of offenders, and scant examination of the potential for criminological theories to inform theatre practice in criminal justice settings. This article seeks to address ...
Dickerson Anne E AE Occupational Therapy, East Carolina University , Greenville, North Carolina , - - 2014
ABSTRACT With a brief introduction, 10 tables summarize the findings from the literature describing screening and assessment tools used with older adults to identify risk or determine fitness to drive. With a focus on occupational therapy's duty to address driving as a valued activity, this paper offers information about tools ...
Dickerson Anne E AE 1Occupational Therapy, East Carolina University, Greenville , North Carolina , - - 2014
ABSTRACT This paper offers occupational therapy generalists and specialists a new framework by which to consider clinical evaluation data and an older adult's driving risk and potential to resume this previously learned skill. Based on Michon's model describing the hierarchy of driving levels, clinical questions identify the factors that may ...
Nathenson Paul A PA Integrative Health and Community Services, Madonna Rehabilitation Hospital, Lincoln, - - 2014
Our objectives in this article are to provide background and practical applications of the implementation of the new wellness standards developed by the Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities (CARF). The focus of rehabilitation in the stroke population ideally extends beyond maximizing functioning and prevention of further debilitation, by addressing ...
Christ Oliver O Institute Humans in Complex Systems, School of Applied Psychology, University of Applied Sciences and Arts Northwester Switzerland, 4600 Olten, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
This review introduces theoretical aspects of the rubber hand illusion (RHI) and virtual hand illusion (VHI), and discusses their possible clinical applications. It also presents technical improvements regarding the realization of the RHI and VHI and their relation to rehabilitation issues. There is presently little evidence describing the value of ...
James David D Southwest Pathology Services, Taunton, - - 2014
There is a requirement for accredited laboratories to participate in external quality assessment (EQA) schemes, but there is wide variation in understanding as to what is required by the laboratories and scheme providers in fulfilling this. This is not helped by a diversity of language used in connection with EQA; ...
Stourac Tracy - - 2014
A scorecard can provide much more than periodic measurements; it can actually serve as the 'hub' of a programme. By taking a strategic look at what one is trying to accomplish, using consistent messaging, following a flexible but defined process and creating an actionable report for the senior leadership, a ...
Sansam Kate K Academic Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health, University of Leeds, Level D, Martin Wing, Leeds General Infirmary, Great George Street, Leeds, LS1 3EX, United Kingdom. - - 2014
Objective: Decision making within amputee rehabilitation includes the assessment of whether a patient is suitable for a prosthesis and if so, what components to provide. This study seeks to increase understanding about clinicians' perspectives on what factors influence these decisions. Method: One-to-one semi-structured interviews were completed with 23 experienced clinicians ...
Dunne Simon S School of Nursing and Human Sciences, Dublin City University , Dublin , Ireland - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To explore the goal-related strategies employed by people following lower limb amputation using a framework based on the dual-process model of adaptive self-regulation. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 30 individuals with a lower limb amputation. Results: Theoretical thematic analysis identified four broad assimilative/goal pursuit strategies; internal resource ...
Dasgupta Rajib R Center of Social Medicine and Community Health, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India. Correspondence to: Dr Rajib Dasgupta, Centre of Social Medicine and Community Health, JNU, New Delhi 110 067, India. - - 2014
Madhya Pradesh has made remarkable progress in facility based management of severe acute malnutrition, and has developed a model that is being replicated in many states. India has uniquely high prevalence of both stunting and wasting, implying that both severe acute malnutrition and severe chronic malnutrition co-exist. This study sought ...
Cimolin Veronica V Department of Electronics, Information and Bioengineering, Politecnico di Milano, Milano, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Instrumented 3D-gait analysis (3D-GA) is an important method used to obtain information that is crucial for establishing the level of functional limitation due to pathology, observing its evolution over time and evaluating rehabilitative intervention effects. However, a typical 3D-GA evaluation produces a vast amount of data, and despite its objectivity, ...
Limond J J a CoRaL Psychology Ltd , Glasgow , - - 2014
The need for post-acute neurorehabilitation after childhood acquired brain injury is increasingly recognized but recent reviews highlight the limited evidence-base and lack of a neuropsychological treatment model. Evidence from different fields was reviewed to inform the development of a pediatric neurocognitive interventions (PNI) model. The review included literature from child ...
Rezaeian Mohsen M Department of Social Medicine, Occupational Environmental Research Center, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran. - - 2014
Self-immolation is a fatal and devastating method of committing suicide used around the world. The chief aim of the present article is to look at the trend of indexed papers in PubMed covering different aspects of self-immolation. PubMed search engine (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov) was searched by using six keywords i.e. "self-immolation", "self-inflicted ...
Fang Juan J Bern University of Applied Sciences, Burgdorf, - - 2014
In order to promote gait restoration in patients who cannot maintain an upright position in the early post-injury phase, a Gait Orthosis for Early Rehabilitation was proposed for supine stepping. Although supine stepping can generate lower-limb joint trajectories which are close to normal gait, the inter-segmental dynamics of supine stepping ...
Dijkers Marcel P MP Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY. Electronic address: - - 2014
This article introduces the Archives supplement presenting a conceptual framework for the creation of a rehabilitation treatment taxonomy (RTT). It describes the key theoretical and empirical articles and their role, and the commentaries that were solicited. More importantly, based on feedback received to date, it sketches what the RTT is ...
Fasoli Susan E SE Center for Neurorestoration and Neurotechnology, Providence VA Medical Center, Providence, RI; Brown University, Providence, RI. Electronic address: - - 2014
Clinician feedback and thought processes about treatment classification and description will aid development of the rehabilitation treatment taxonomy (RTT) presented in this supplement. Here, we discuss comparisons between the proposed RTT and an inductive practice-based evidence (PBE) model used to describe rehabilitation treatments. Interviews with clinicians well versed with PBE ...
Hart Tessa T Moss Rehabilitation Research Institute, Elkins Park, PA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Rehabilitation is in need of an organized system or taxonomy for classifying treatments to aid in research, practice, training, and interdisciplinary communication. In this article, we describe a work-in-progress effort to create a rehabilitation treatment taxonomy (RTT) for classifying rehabilitation interventions by the underlying treatment theories that explain their effects. ...
Hoenig Helen H Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Service, Durham Veterans Administration Medical Center, Durham, NC; and Division of Geriatrics, Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC. Electronic address: - - 2014
This article uses a historical framework to review the rehabilitation treatment taxonomy (RTT). The needs and challenges in creating a comprehensive classification system for rehabilitation treatments are identified based on review of (1) the development of other biological classification systems and (2) the historical foundations for rehabilitation and related theoretical ...
Qi Yongbin - - 2014
In this paper, a new method for measuring and monitoring human body joint angles, which uses wearable ultrawideband (UWB) transceivers mounted on body segments, is proposed and investigated. The model is based on providing a high ranging accuracy (intersensor distance) between a pair of transceivers placed on the adjacent segments ...
Ma Irene Wy IW Department of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB Canada ; W21C, University of Calgary, 3330 Hospital Dr NW, T2N 4N1 Calgary, AB - - 2014
Central venous catheterization is a complex procedural skill. This study evaluates existing published tools on this procedure and systematically summarizes key competencies for the assessment of this technical skill. Using a previously published meta-analysis search strategy, we conducted a systematic review of published assessment tools using the electronic databases PubMed, ...
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