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Results 201 - 250 of 2216
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Woolfe Katherine F - - 2011
Development of computational models to predict underwater noise from impact pile driving is limited because of the difficulty and cost involved in collecting acoustic field data for model verification during construction activities. To alleviate this situation, a scaled physical model for marine pile driving was designed and implemented in a ...
Vermot Julien - - 2011
In April 2011, researchers from diverse background met at the Gulbenkian Institute (Oeiras, Portugal) to discuss the emerging input of biophysics into the field of developmental biology. The scope of the workshop was to bring together scientists working in different model systems and to discuss some of the most recent ...
Fackler Cameron - - 2011
Bayesian inference is applied to the problem of determining the physical parameters of a rigid-frame porous material. Such materials may be characterized by the parameters of flow resistivity, porosity, and tortuosity. The Biot-Allard and Attenborough models predict the propagation of sound in rigid-frame porous materials by modeling the characteristic impedance ...
Chotiros Nicholas P - - 2011
The development of geo-physical descriptions of the sediment and models to predict the acoustic properties are critical to the application of sediment acoustics. The former follow standard geo-physical methods of sediment classification, based on grain size, density, and other physical descriptors. The latter started as a fluid approximation, followed by ...
Villeneuve Jéro Me - - 2011
Sound synthesis with mass-interaction physical modeling networks is known as a general paradigm capable of being the central part of complete software environments for both sound synthesis and musical creation. GENESIS 3, resting on the CORDIS-ANIMA formalism and developed by ACROE/ICA Laboratory, is the first environment of this kind. Using ...
Perng Chao-Yu J - - 2011
The harpsichord is a plucked string keyboard instrument with a distinct sound, and previous work has been done to synthesize it [V. Valimaki et al., EURASIP J. Appl. Signal. 7, 934-948 (2004)]. However, these excitation signals are extracted through recorded tones and are not physical models in the true sense. ...
Siebein Gary W - - 2011
One important goal of soundscape studies is to develop methods that architects, urban designers, planners, landscape architects, and others involved with the design of the indoor and outdoor physical environment can be implement as part of their work. As such the role of design is an inherent aspect of soundscape ...
Chafe Chris - - 2011
Two recent compositions have capitalized on the great expressive range of a custom-designed music synthesis algorithm. The "Animal" plays a part in Tomato Quintet (a music installation) and Phasor (a contrabass and computer piece). The algorithm is played with live controls, respectively, updates from CO(2) sensors and signals from a ...
Wang Guoqing - - 2011
By determination of the number of absorptive chemical components (ACCs) in mixtures using median absolute deviation (MAD) analysis and extraction of spectral profiles of ACCs using kernel independent component analysis (KICA), an adaptive KICA (AKICA) algorithm was proposed. The proposed AKICA algorithm was used to characterize the procedure for processing ...
Koehl M A R - - 2011
Aerodynamic studies using physical models of fossil organisms can provide quantitative information about how performance of defined activities, such as gliding, depends on specific morphological features. Such analyses allow us to rule out hypotheses about the function of extinct organisms that are not physically plausible and to determine if and ...
McHenry Lindsay J - - 2011
Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania has rich records of Plio-Pleistocene fauna and flora, hominin fossils, and stone artifacts preserved between well-dated tephra layers (tuffs). Accurate correlation between sites in the two million year section is complicated by faulting, erosion, change in physical appearance of the tuffs, and quality of preservation. Traditional tuff ...
Lorber Michael F - - 2011
Individual and dyadic stability models of newlyweds' physical aggression were evaluated in a sample of 394 newlywed community couples recruited at engagement and followed for 2.5 years. Aggression in young couples was hypothesized to be a stable, enduring trait, consistent with a latent state-trait conceptualization. However, the findings indicated that ...
Dioguardi Nicola - - 2011
This note illustrates a novel method to measure the dynamics of pathological states using primary biliary cirrhosis as a prototype disease manifesting a dynamic course. The basis of the new method is the evaluation of liver sections using quantitative metrical concepts able to provide scalars useful for statistical purposes while ...
Miciak Maxi - - 2011
Scand J Caring Sci; 2011 A review of the psychotherapeutic 'common factors' model and its application in physical therapy: the need to consider general effects in physical therapy practice This article explores the common factors model of psychotherapeutic intervention and discusses its relevance for physical therapy practice. The model provides ...
Olsson Simon - - 2011
Conventional methods for protein structure determination from NMR data rely on the ad hoc combination of physical forcefields and experimental data, along with heuristic determination of free parameters such as weight of experimental data relative to a physical forcefield. Recently, a theoretically rigorous approach was developed which treats structure determination ...
Hill Theodore P - - 2011
This paper describes a new mathematical method called conflation for consolidating data from independent experiments that measure the same physical quantity. Conflation is easy to calculate and visualize and minimizes the maximum loss in Shannon information in consolidating several independent distributions into a single distribution. A formal mathematical treatment of ...
Palisano Robert J - - 2011
Palisano RJ, Orlin M, Chiarello LA, Oeffinger D, Polansky M, Maggs J, Gorton G, Bagley A, Tylkowski C, Vogel L, Abel M, Stevenson R. Determinants of intensity of participation in leisure and recreational activities by youth with cerebral palsy. To test a model of determinants of intensity of participation in ...
Ekelund Ulf U MRC Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Science, Addenbrookes Hospital, Box 285, Cambridge CB2 0QQ, UK. - - 2011
The aim of this review is to summarise issues surrounding the measurement of physical activity (PA) by self-report and accelerometry in youth (2-18 years old). Current levels and temporal trends in PA and sport participation and the effect of assessment method on data interpretation will be summarised. Relevant papers were ...
Yousif Abubaker Ali - - 2011
Inactivation constant for V79 cells has been extracted from radiobiology experiments that utilize charged particles to irradiate mammal cells in vitro. Physical parameters such as effective charge, radiation mean free path and linear ionization which characterized protons and heluim-4 particles are determined using of standard values. The relationship between inactivation ...
Gabriel Thomas - - 2011
At least two rate-limiting mechanisms in vesicle trafficking operate at mouse Schaffer collateral synapses, but their molecular/physical identities are unknown. The first mechanism determines the baseline rate at which reserve vesicles are supplied to a readily releasable pool. The second causes the supply rate to depress threefold when synaptic transmission ...
Yoo Cheol Seung - - 2011
Determining the exact duration of seizure is an important factor for predicting the efficacy of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). In most cases, seizure duration is estimated manually by observing the electroencephalogram (EEG) waveform. In this article, we propose a method based on sample entropy (SampEn) that automatically detects the termination time ...
John D - - 2011
Advancing the field of physical activity (PA) monitoring requires the development of innovative multi-sensor measurement systems that are feasible in the free-living environment. The use of novel analytical techniques to combine and process these multiple sensor signals is equally important. This paper describes a novel multi-sensor 'integrated PA measurement system' ...
Babu K S - - 2011
We show that the scalar sector needed for fermion mass generation when the flavor symmetry of the standard model is maximally gauged can consistently explain two anomalies reported recently by the CDF Collaboration-the forward-backward asymmetry in tt[over ¯] pair production and the dijet invariant mass in the Wjj channel. A ...
Matsushita S - - 2011
In the present paper, we propose an algorithm for selecting appropriate transfer support equipment based on the physical ability of the user. In addition, we describe the relationship between features of the human body and the physical burdens during standing. Although several care support devices have been developed, assistive robots ...
Rush Alexander - - 2011
This paper reports an approach to the physical design of the coils used in a dual inductive link to provide two-way wireless communication and power for a neural recording system. The design approach makes use of an analytic model of the link performance in terms of the physical parameters of ...
Mannini Andrea - - 2011
The awareness of the physical activity that human subjects perform, and the quantification of activity strength and duration are important tasks that a wearable sensor system would fulfill to be valuable in several biomedical applications, from health monitoring to physical medicine and rehabilitation. In this work we develop a wearable ...
Fortune Emma - - 2011
In rheumatoid arthritis (RA) it is believed that symptoms associated with the progression of the disease result in a reduction in the physical activity level of the patient. One of the key flaws of the research surrounding this hypothesis to date is the use of non-validated physical activity outcomes measures. ...
Mo Lingfei - - 2011
Physical activity (PA) is important for assessing human exposure to the environment. This paper presents a ZigBee-based Wireless wearable multi-sensor Integrated Measurement System (WIMS) for in-situ PA measurement. Two accelerometers, a piezoelectric displacement sensor, and an ultraviolet (UV) sensor have been used for the physical activity assessment. Detailed analysis was ...
Liu Shaopeng - - 2011
This paper presents a sensor fusion method for assessing physical activity (PA) of human subjects, based on the support vector machines (SVMs). Specifically, acceleration and ventilation measured by a wearable multi-sensor device on 50 test subjects performing 13 types of activities of varying intensities are analyzed, from which the activity ...
Au Lawrence K - - 2011
Advancement in wireless health sensor systems has triggered rapidly expanding research in continuous activity monitoring for chronic disease management or promotion and assessment of physical rehabilitation. Wireless motion sensing is increasingly important in treatments where remote collection of sensor measurements can provide an in-field objective evaluation of physical activity patterns. ...
Intille Stephen S - - 2011
This paper describes the motivation for, and overarching design of, an open-source hardware and software system to enable population-scale, longitudinal measurement of physical activity and sedentary behavior using common mobile phones. The "Wockets" data collection system permits researchers to collect raw motion data from participants who wear multiple small, comfortable ...
Stoelinga Christophe N J - - 2011
Impact sounds synthesized according to a physical model have increasingly become the stimulus of choice in studies of sound source perception. Few studies, however, have incorporated manner of contact in their models because of the complexity of the mechanics involved. Here a simplified model of contact is described suitable for ...
Dollinger M - - 2011
Voice quality is strongly dependent on vocal fold dynamics, which in turn are dependent on lung pressure and vocal fold biomechanics. Numerical and physical models are often used to investigate the interactions of these different subsystems. However, the utility of numerical and physical models is limited unless appropriately validated with ...
Ning Hanwen - - 2011
The identification of nonlinear spatiotemporal systems is of significance to engineering practice, since it can always provide useful insight into the underlying nonlinear mechanism and physical characteristics under study. In this paper, nonlinear spatiotemporal system models are transformed into a class of multi-input-multi-output (MIMO) partially linear systems (PLSs), and an ...
Chiu Chung-Yi - - 2011
Objective: To evaluate the Health Action Process Approach (HAPA) as a motivational model for physical activity self-management for people with multiple sclerosis (MS). Design: Quantitative descriptive research design using path analysis. Participants: One hundred ninety-five individuals with MS were recruited from the National Multiple Sclerosis Society and a neurology clinic ...
Newman Timothy - - 2011
The development of an adult organism from a fertilized egg remains one of the deep mysteries of biology. Great strides have been made in the past three decades, primarily through ever more sophisticated genetic analyses and the advent of live-cell imaging, yet the underlying principles governing development are elusive. Recently, ...
Maceri Franco - - 2011
This paper aims to highlight the need for a refined tendon model to reproduce the main mechanical features of the integrated muscle-tendon unit (MTU). Elastic nonlinearities of the tendon, both at the nano and microscale, are modeled by a multiscale approach, accounting for the hierarchical arrangement (from molecules up to ...
Chan Lap Ki - - 2011
Although high-fidelity digital models of human anatomy based on actual cross-sectional images of the human body have been developed, reports on the use of physical models in anatomy teaching continue to appear. This article aims to examine the common features shared by these physical models and analyze their educational value ...
Carstensen Tommy - - 2011
Protein pK(a) calculation methods are developed partly to provide fast non-experimental estimates of the ionization constants of protein side chains. However, the most significant reason for developing such methods is that a good pK(a) calculation method is presumed to provide an accurate physical model of protein electrostatics, which can be ...
Dindoyal Irving - - 2011
To segment the fetal heart in order to facilitate the 3D assessment of the cardiac function and structure. Ultrasound acquisition typically results in drop-out artifacts of the chamber walls. The authors outline a level set deformable model to automatically delineate the small fetal cardiac chambers. The level set is penalized ...
Wallmann Birgit - - 2011
BACKGROUND: There is a growing body of international data on the association between physical activity (PA) and variables of the perceived environment. German data is still lacking. The purpose of this study was to provide data on PA (moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) vs. walking) and the perceived environment in urban and ...
Dumarey Melanie - - 2011
Roll compaction is gaining importance in pharmaceutical industry for the dry granulation of heat or moisture sensitive powder blends with poor flowing properties prior to tabletting. We studied the influence of microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) properties on the roll compaction process and the consecutive steps in tablet manufacturing. Four dissimilar MCC ...
Lee Andy H - - 2011
PURPOSE: The health benefits of physical activity (PA) are well established. PA outcomes, being semicontinuous in nature, often exhibit a large portion of zero values together with continuous positive values that are right-skewed. We propose a novel two-part mixture regression model with random effects to characterize heterogeneity of the clustered ...
Lubans D R - - 2011
The aim of this paper was to describe and test a social cognitive model of physical activity tailored for adolescent girls. Participants were 1518 girls (aged 13.6 ± 0.02 years) from 24 secondary schools in New South Wales, Australia. Useable accelerometer (≥10 hours day(-1) on at least 3 days) and ...
Vathsangam Harshvardhan - - 2011
We describe an experimental study to estimate energy expenditure during treadmill walking using a single hip-mounted inertial sensor (triaxial accelerometer and triaxial gyroscope). Typical physical-activity characterization using commercial monitors use proprietary counts that do not have a physically interpretable meaning. This paper emphasizes the role of probabilistic techniques in conjunction ...
Ainsworth Barbara E - - 2011
PURPOSE:: The Compendium of Physical Activities was developed to enhance the comparability of results across studies using self-report physical activity (PA) and is used to quantify the energy cost of a wide variety of PAs. We provide the second update of the Compendium, referred to as the 2011 Compendium. METHODS:: ...
Thomas Shaun A - - 2011
We observe a large excess of power in the statistical clustering of luminous red galaxies in the photometric SDSS galaxy sample called MegaZ DR7. This is seen over the lowest multipoles in the angular power spectra C_{ℓ} in four equally spaced redshift bins between 0.45≤z≤0.65. However, it is most prominent in ...
McKelvie James - - 2011
To characterize the influence of tilt angle, decentration, and pupil size on the higher-order aberration (HOA) profile of 3 aspheric intraocular lenses (IOLs) using a physical model eye. A 4-factor (model, pupil, angle, decentration) in vitro experimental design comparing 3 aspheric IOLs using a physical model eye. Measurements of HOA ...
Sun Kai - - 2011
We report the theoretical discovery of a class of 2D tight-binding models containing nearly flatbands with nonzero Chern numbers. In contrast with previous studies, where nonlocal hoppings are usually required, the Hamiltonians of our models only require short-range hopping and have the potential to be realized in cold atomic gases. ...
Kendal Wayne S - - 2011
A power function relationship observed between the variance and the mean of many types of biological and physical systems has generated much debate as to its origins. This Taylor's law (or fluctuation scaling) has been recently hypothesized to result from the second law of thermodynamics and the behavior of the ...
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