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Gothwal Vijaya K - - 2013
A multi-attribute utility instrument (MAUI) consists of a descriptive system in which the items and responses seek information about a concept of the universe of health-related QoL, and responses to these items are then weighted and combined to produce the index. The 6-item Vision and Quality of Life Index (VisQoL) ...
Mobini Amir - - 2013
Abstract Games and their use in rehabilitation have formed a new and rapidly growing area of research. A critical hardware component of rehabilitation programs is the input device that measures the patients' movements. After Microsoft released Kinect, extensive research has been initiated on its applications as an input device for ...
Spooren A I F - - 2013
Study design:Cross-sectional studyObjective:The Van Lieshout hand function test for tetraplegia (VLT) measures the quality of arm-hand functioning in persons with tetraplegia. It is valid, reliable and responsive. However, it does not satisfy all the criteria for interval level measurement. The present study aims to apply the Rasch model to the ...
Heinemann Allen W - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the psychometric properties and validity of an expanded set of community enfranchisement items that is suitable for computer adaptive testing. DESIGN: Survey. SETTING: Community settings. Inclusion criteria were a self-identified disability, age 18 years and older, and ability to read and speak English. PARTICIPANTS: 1,163 individuals with ...
Pehlivan Ali Utku - - 2013
Robotic rehabilitation is an effective platform for sensorimotor training after neurological injuries. In this paper, an adaptive controller is developed and implemented for the RiceWrist, a serial-in-parallel robot mechanism for upper extremity robotic rehabilitation. The model-based adaptive controller implementation requires a closed form dynamic model, valid for a restricted domain ...
Martinez John A - - 2013
In this paper, we present design, implementation and specifications of the Wrist Gimbal, a three degree-of-freedom (DOF) exoskeleton developed for forearm and wrist rehabilitation. Wrist Gimbal has three active DOF, corresponding to pronation/supination, flexion/extension and adduction/abduction joints. We mainly focused on a robust, safe and practical device design to facilitate ...
Yu Haoyong - - 2013
Rehabilitation robots have direct physical interaction with human body. Ideally, actuators for rehabilitation robots should be compliant, force controllable, and back drivable due to safety and control considerations. Various designs of Series Elastic Actuators (SEA) have been developed for these applications. However, current SEA designs face a common performance limitation ...
Howard Ayanna - - 2013
In recent years, robot-assisted rehabilitation has gained momentum as a viable means for improving outcomes for therapeutic interventions. Such therapy experiences allow controlled and repeatable trials and quantitative evaluation of mobility metrics. Typically though these robotic devices have been focused on rehabilitation within a clinical setting. In these traditional robot-assisted ...
Cempini Marco - - 2013
We present the kinematic design and actuation mechanics of a wearable exoskeleton for hand rehabilitation of post-stroke. Our design method is focused on achieving maximum safety, comfort and reliability in the interaction, and allowing different users to wear the device with no manual regulations. In particular, we propose a kinematic ...
Baiden David - - 2013
The purpose of this paper is to present a concept of human-robot-interaction control for robots with compliant pneumatic soft-actuators which are directly attached to the human body. Backdrivability of this type of actuators is beneficial for comfort and safety and they are well suitable to design rehabilitation robots for training ...
Agarwal Priyanshu - - 2013
Human-worn rehabilitation exoskeletons have the potential to make therapeutic exercises increasingly accessible to disabled individuals while reducing the cost and labor involved in rehabilitation therapy. In this work, we propose a novel human-model-in-the-loop framework for virtual prototyping (design, control and experimentation) of rehabilitation exoskeletons by merging computational musculoskeletal analysis with ...
Galinski Daniel - - 2013
This paper presents the optimal design of an alignment-free exoskeleton for the rehabilitation of the shoulder complex. This robot structure is constituted of two actuated joints and is linked to the arm through passive degrees of freedom (DOFs) to drive the flexion-extension and abduction-adduction movements of the upper arm. The ...
Handzic Ismet - - 2013
This research compares walking over ground, on a split-belt treadmill, on a tied-belt treadmill, and on the Gait Enhancing Mobile Shoe (GEMS) in both humans and simulated on a passive dynamic model. Passive Dynamic Walkers (PDW) have been researched for decades, yet only recently has the model been used significantly ...
Regueiro Eloisa Mg - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The modified version of the Pulmonary Functional Status and Dyspnea Questionnaire (PFSDQ-M) is used in patients with COPD to obtain information about their functional status. It consists of 3 components (change in activities, dyspnea and fatigue) ranging from 0 to 100 and has been shown to be responsive following ...
Donnellan C - - 2013
Abstract Aim: The aim of this paper is to explore approaches used to address some stroke rehabilitation interventions and to examine the potential use of one of the life-span theories called the Baltes' model of selective optimisation with compensation (SOC) as a potential framework. Key findings and implications: Some of ...
Larizza Melanie Frances - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To develop a conceptual framework for the design of an in-home monitoring system (IMS) based on the requirements of older adults with vision impairment (VI), informal caregivers and eye-care rehabilitation professionals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Concept mapping, a mixed-methods statistical research tool, was used in the construction of the framework. ...
Button Kate - - 2013
In this paper we discuss the design and development of TRAK (Taxonomy for RehAbilitation of Knee conditions), an ontology that formally models information relevant for the rehabilitation of knee conditions. TRAK provides the framework that can be used to collect coded data in sufficient detail to support epidemiologic studies so ...
Clark Ross A - - 2013
Gait retraining programs are prescribed to assist in the rehabilitation process of many clinical conditions. Using lateral trunk lean modification as the model, the aim of this study was to assess the concurrent validity of kinematic data recorded using a marker-based 3D motion analysis (3DMA) system and a low-cost alternative, ...
Lin Jonathan - - 2013
To enable automated analysis of rehabilitation movements, an approach for accurately identifying and segmenting movement repetitions is required. This paper proposes an approach for on-line, automated segmentation and identification of movement segments from continuous time-series data of human movement, obtained from body-mounted inertial measurement units or from motion capture data. ...
Baldwin Patricia - - 2013
ABSTRACT This article describes the conceptual basis and key elements of a transdisciplinary model for solution-focused coaching in pediatric rehabilitation (SFC-peds). The model exemplifies a strengths-based, relational, and goal-oriented approach to clinical practice. It provides a distinct shift from a problem-oriented, therapist-directed approach to a possibilities-oriented approach where client empowerment ...
Kim Hyung Nam HN Department of Pediatrics, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University , Chicago, IL , USA - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: This paper reports on research aimed at advancing understanding haptic capability and needs of users with low vision. The objective is to apply this understanding to the design of haptic-incorporated user interfaces. Method: Study 1 investigated the haptic perception between sighted participants and those with low vision through ...
Merchant William R - - 2013
Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) is a collection of statistical techniques used to determine the degree to which a proposed theoretical model is supported by data. SEM has been growing in various disciplines as well as in rehabilitation research. It is the goal of this introduction to provide a conceptual overview ...
Marcano-Cedeño Alexis - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The main purpose of this research is the novel use of artificial metaplasticity on multilayer perceptron (AMMLP) as a data mining tool for prediction the outcome of patients with acquired brain injury (ABI) after cognitive rehabilitation. The final goal aims at increasing knowledge in the field of rehabilitation theory ...
Li Da - - 2013
Abstract Objective: This study aimed at developing and validating the Perceived Rehabilitation Needs Questionnaires for Caregivers of people with schizophrenia (PRNQ-C). Methods: The items of PRNQ-C were generated based on focus group discussion and literature review. A validation study was conducted to examine its psychometric properties among 98 caregivers who ...
Lukersmith Sue - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: To identify and analyse tools and methods that have been reported in the literature for the monitoring and evaluation of community-based rehabilitation (CBR) programmes. Method: A literature review and descriptive analysis were carried out to scope CBR monitoring and evaluation methods and tools. A search was conducted using ...
Li Shufang - - 2013
Automatic seizure detection is significant for long-term monitoring of epilepsy, as well as for diagnostics and rehabilitation, and can decrease the duration of work required when inspecting the EEG signals. In this study we propose a novel method for feature extraction and pattern recognition of ictal EEG, based upon empirical ...
Delarmelindo Rita de Cássia Altino - - 2013
This article is part of a more comprehensive qualitative study which used grounded theory and symbolic interactionism as theoretical and methodological frameworks, resulting in the theoretical model entitled, Between suffering and hope: rehabilitation of urinary incontinence as an intervenient component. In order to communicate all the knowledge produced, part of ...
Kiran Swathi S Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences, Boston University ; Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, University of Texas at - - 2013
Current research on bilingual aphasia highlights the paucity in recommendations for optimal rehabilitation for bilingual aphasic patients (Roberts & Kiran, 2007; Edmonds & Kiran, 2006). In this paper, we have developed a computational model to simulate an English-Spanish bilingual language system in which language representations can vary by age of ...
Berg Katherine - - 2013
Foley catheterization (FC) is known to result in complications. Validated checklists are central to teaching/assessing procedural skills and may result in improved health care quality. The results of the first step of the validation of male and female FC checklists are described. A comprehensive literature review of articles published on ...
Wallden Matt - - 2013
In this editorial, what is understood of the definition and function of the human core is discussed; presented in the context of evolution and holistic human modeling. It appears likely from this understanding of neural phenomena such as central sensitization, neural facilitation/inhibition, tonic and phasic motoneuron excitatory thresholds and viscerosomatic ...
Grimpampi Eleni - - 2013
Trunk mobility impairment can cause balance, postural and gait challenges during overground level walking in patients with different pathologies. Assessment of the rotations of the trunk during walking with an abnormal gait can provide knowledge required for a better understanding of the nature of the motor control deficit and support ...
Gerrard Paul - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To provide evidence of construct validity for the FIM® instrument in the inpatient rehabilitation burn population. DESIGN: Confirmatory factor analysis and item response theory were used to assess construct validity. Confirmatory factor analysis was performed on a two factor model of the FIM® instrument, and on a six subfactor ...
Pomeranz Jennifer L - - 2013
Obese individuals are frequent targets of weight-based discrimination, particularly in the employment setting. Victims of weight discrimination have sought legal restitution like others who have suffered from different forms of discrimination. However, in the vast majority of the United States, body weight is not a protected class and weight-based employment ...
Lacey Nicola - - 2013
Within contemporary penal philosophy, the view that punishment can only be justified if the offender is a moral agent who is responsible and hence blameworthy for their offence is one of the few areas on which a consensus prevails. In recent literature, this precept is associated with the retributive tradition, ...
Avola Danilo - - 2013
Rehabilitation is often required after stroke, surgery, or degenerative diseases. It has to be specific for each patient and can be easily calibrated if assisted by human-computer interfaces and virtual reality. Recognition and tracking of different human body landmarks represent the basic features for the design of the next generation ...
Bonnet V - - 2013
This study aimed at the real-time estimation of the lower-limb joint and torso kinematics during a squat exercise, performed in the sagittal plane, using a single inertial measurement unit placed on the lower back. The human body was modeled with a three-degrees-of-freedom planar chain. The planar IMU orientation and vertical ...
Turner-Stokes Lynne - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the UK FIM + FAM. Methods: (a) A systematic literature review integrating the evidence for psychometric qualities of both the original and UK versions, and (b) exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis of admission/discharge data from an inpatient general neuro-rehabilitation cohort using parametric and non-parametric ...
Thorp James H - - 2013
River science and management can be conducted at a range of spatiotemporal scales from reach to basin levels as long as the project goals and questions are matched correctly with the study design's spatiotemporal scales and dependent variables. These project goals should also incorporate information on the hydrogeomorphically patchy nature ...
Laplante-Lévesque Ariane - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:: This study investigated the application of the transtheoretical (stages-of-change) model in audiologic rehabilitation. More specifically, it described the University of Rhode Island Change Assessment (URICA) scores of adults with acquired hearing impairment. It reported the psychometric properties (construct, concurrent, and predictive validity) of the stages-of-change model in this population. ...
Koenig Alexander - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Several new approaches for treatment of Central Nervous System (CNS) disorders are currently under investigation, including the use of rehabilitation training strategies, which are often combined with electrical and/or pharmacological modulation of spinal locomotor circuitries. While these approaches show great promise in the laboratory setting, there still exists a ...
Hedberg-Kristensson Elizabeth - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: This study explored therapists' attitudes to and strategies for developing client-centred approaches in relation to the provision of mobility devices. Method: Four physiotherapists and eight occupational therapists in a Swedish municipality context were interviewed according to a semi-structured interview guide. Data collection and analysis were guided by a ...
Franceschini Marco - - 2013
Walking ability, though important for quality of life and participation in social and economic activities, can be adversely affected by neurological disorders, such as Spinal Cord Injury, Stroke, Multiple Sclerosis or Traumatic Brain Injury. The aim of this study is to evaluate if the energy cost of walking (CW), in ...
Basso Anna - - 2013
Aphasia is one of the most striking cognitive sequels of strokes and other cerebral lesions, and attempts to rehabilitate aphasic patients have been undertaken for many years. Following a brief overview of the epidemiology and the clinical characteristics of aphasia, the chapter presents the major traditional approaches to rehabilitation. They ...
Livingston-Thomas Jessica M - - 2013
Many survivors of stroke experience arm impairments, which can severely impact their quality of life. Forcing use of the impaired arm appears to improve functional recovery in post-stroke hemiplegic patients, however the mechanisms underlying improved recovery remain unclear. Animal models of post-stroke rehabilitation could prove critical to investigating such mechanisms, ...
Manchaiah Vinaya K C - - 2013
The objective of this study was to further develop the Ida Institute model on communication partners' (CPs) journey through experiences of person with hearing impairment (PHI), based on the perspectives of CPs. Nine CPs of hearing aid users participated in this study, recruited through the Swansea hearing impaired support group. ...
Bashford Gregory R - - 2013
Automating documentation of physical activity data (e.g., duration and speed of walking or propelling a wheelchair) into the electronic medical record (EMR) offers promise for improving efficiency of documentation and understanding of best practices in the rehabilitation and home health settings. Commercially available devices which could be used to automate ...
Kuusik Alar - - 2013
The paper describes a tele-rehabilitation system for simultaneous motor rehabilitation (post-stroke and post-arthroscopy) and continuous patient's condition assessment with the focus on patient safety observations. Micro-electro-mechanical accelerometer and gyroscope sensors attached to the patient gather information about the performed therapeutic exercises. The measurement data processing of the vital sign sensors ...
Guthrie Dawn M - - 2013
Adults with vision and hearing loss, or dual sensory loss (DSL), present with a wide range of needs and abilities. This creates many challenges when attempting to set the most appropriate and equitable funding levels. Case-mix (CM) funding models represent one method for understanding client characteristics that correlate with resource ...
Merritt Brenda - - 2013
Limitations in performing activities of daily living (ADL) are important indicators of health and overall wellness, yet relatively few studies specifically identify the ADL abilities of people living with HIV/AIDS (PHAs). Given the wide range of abilities and ages of PHAs, there is an urgent need to utilize an assessment ...
Grove Michael J - - 2013
Physical medicine rehabilitation interventions for post-acute traumatic brain injury (TBI) are heterogeneous and subject to differences based on multi-disciplinary treatment plans [1]. There is no universal knowledge representation (KR) model for TBI rehabilitation which impedes data collection, aggregation, computation, and sharing. This paper describes results of an analysis of the ...
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