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Pomeranz Jennifer L - - 2013
Obese individuals are frequent targets of weight-based discrimination, particularly in the employment setting. Victims of weight discrimination have sought legal restitution like others who have suffered from different forms of discrimination. However, in the vast majority of the United States, body weight is not a protected class and weight-based employment ...
Avola Danilo - - 2013
Rehabilitation is often required after stroke, surgery, or degenerative diseases. It has to be specific for each patient and can be easily calibrated if assisted by human-computer interfaces and virtual reality. Recognition and tracking of different human body landmarks represent the basic features for the design of the next generation ...
Bonnet V - - 2013
This study aimed at the real-time estimation of the lower-limb joint and torso kinematics during a squat exercise, performed in the sagittal plane, using a single inertial measurement unit placed on the lower back. The human body was modeled with a three-degrees-of-freedom planar chain. The planar IMU orientation and vertical ...
Turner-Stokes Lynne - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the UK FIM + FAM. Methods: (a) A systematic literature review integrating the evidence for psychometric qualities of both the original and UK versions, and (b) exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis of admission/discharge data from an inpatient general neuro-rehabilitation cohort using parametric and non-parametric ...
Foltran Fabiana A - - 2013
The recording of human movement is an essential requirement for biomechanical, clinical, and occupational analysis, allowing assessment of postural variation, occupational risks, and preventive programs in physical therapy and rehabilitation. The flexible electrogoniometer (EGM), considered a reliable and accurate device, is used for dynamic recordings of different joints. Despite these ...
Thorp James H - - 2013
River science and management can be conducted at a range of spatiotemporal scales from reach to basin levels as long as the project goals and questions are matched correctly with the study design's spatiotemporal scales and dependent variables. These project goals should also incorporate information on the hydrogeomorphically patchy nature ...
Laplante-Lévesque Ariane - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:: This study investigated the application of the transtheoretical (stages-of-change) model in audiologic rehabilitation. More specifically, it described the University of Rhode Island Change Assessment (URICA) scores of adults with acquired hearing impairment. It reported the psychometric properties (construct, concurrent, and predictive validity) of the stages-of-change model in this population. ...
Koenig Alexander - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Several new approaches for treatment of Central Nervous System (CNS) disorders are currently under investigation, including the use of rehabilitation training strategies, which are often combined with electrical and/or pharmacological modulation of spinal locomotor circuitries. While these approaches show great promise in the laboratory setting, there still exists a ...
Hedberg-Kristensson Elizabeth - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: This study explored therapists' attitudes to and strategies for developing client-centred approaches in relation to the provision of mobility devices. Method: Four physiotherapists and eight occupational therapists in a Swedish municipality context were interviewed according to a semi-structured interview guide. Data collection and analysis were guided by a ...
Franceschini Marco - - 2013
Walking ability, though important for quality of life and participation in social and economic activities, can be adversely affected by neurological disorders, such as Spinal Cord Injury, Stroke, Multiple Sclerosis or Traumatic Brain Injury. The aim of this study is to evaluate if the energy cost of walking (CW), in ...
Basso Anna - - 2013
Aphasia is one of the most striking cognitive sequels of strokes and other cerebral lesions, and attempts to rehabilitate aphasic patients have been undertaken for many years. Following a brief overview of the epidemiology and the clinical characteristics of aphasia, the chapter presents the major traditional approaches to rehabilitation. They ...
Livingston-Thomas Jessica M - - 2013
Many survivors of stroke experience arm impairments, which can severely impact their quality of life. Forcing use of the impaired arm appears to improve functional recovery in post-stroke hemiplegic patients, however the mechanisms underlying improved recovery remain unclear. Animal models of post-stroke rehabilitation could prove critical to investigating such mechanisms, ...
Manchaiah Vinaya K C - - 2013
The objective of this study was to further develop the Ida Institute model on communication partners' (CPs) journey through experiences of person with hearing impairment (PHI), based on the perspectives of CPs. Nine CPs of hearing aid users participated in this study, recruited through the Swansea hearing impaired support group. ...
Bashford Gregory R - - 2013
Automating documentation of physical activity data (e.g., duration and speed of walking or propelling a wheelchair) into the electronic medical record (EMR) offers promise for improving efficiency of documentation and understanding of best practices in the rehabilitation and home health settings. Commercially available devices which could be used to automate ...
Kuusik Alar - - 2013
The paper describes a tele-rehabilitation system for simultaneous motor rehabilitation (post-stroke and post-arthroscopy) and continuous patient's condition assessment with the focus on patient safety observations. Micro-electro-mechanical accelerometer and gyroscope sensors attached to the patient gather information about the performed therapeutic exercises. The measurement data processing of the vital sign sensors ...
Guthrie Dawn M - - 2013
Adults with vision and hearing loss, or dual sensory loss (DSL), present with a wide range of needs and abilities. This creates many challenges when attempting to set the most appropriate and equitable funding levels. Case-mix (CM) funding models represent one method for understanding client characteristics that correlate with resource ...
Merritt Brenda - - 2013
Limitations in performing activities of daily living (ADL) are important indicators of health and overall wellness, yet relatively few studies specifically identify the ADL abilities of people living with HIV/AIDS (PHAs). Given the wide range of abilities and ages of PHAs, there is an urgent need to utilize an assessment ...
Grove Michael J - - 2013
Physical medicine rehabilitation interventions for post-acute traumatic brain injury (TBI) are heterogeneous and subject to differences based on multi-disciplinary treatment plans [1]. There is no universal knowledge representation (KR) model for TBI rehabilitation which impedes data collection, aggregation, computation, and sharing. This paper describes results of an analysis of the ...
Tal-Akabi A - - 2013
The aims of this study were to identify the determinants influencing the inpatient rehabilitation length of stay (LoS) and discharge modality (DisMod) after hip or knee replacement surgery. Data were retrieved for 306 patients (185 females, 121 males) who were admitted to a Swiss orthopaedic rehabilitation facility between 2007 and ...
Goedert Kelly M - - 2013
VALID RESEARCH ON NEGLECT REHABILITATION DEMANDS A STATISTICAL APPROACH COMMENSURATE WITH THE CHARACTERISTICS OF NEGLECT REHABILITATION DATA: neglect arises from impairment in distinct brain networks leading to large between-subject variability in baseline symptoms and recovery trajectories. Studies enrolling medically ill, disabled patients, may suffer from missing, unbalanced data, and small ...
Cristescu Romane H - - 2013
With progressively increasing anthropogenic habitat disturbances, restoration of impacted landscapes is becoming a critical element of biodiversity conservation. Evaluation of success in restoration ecology rarely includes faunal components, usually only encompassing abiotic and floral components of the ecosystems. Even when fauna is explicitly included, it is usually only species presence/absence ...
Peek Niels N Dept. of Medical Informatics, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands. - - 2013
The clinical worksite constitutes a naturally clustered environment, posing challenges in the statistical analysis of quality improvement interventions such as computerized decision support. Ignoring clustering in the analysis may lead to biased effect estimates, underestimating the variance and hence type I errors. This paper presents a secondary analysis on data ...
Rafii-Tari Hedyeh H The Hamlyn Centre for Robotic Surgery, Imperial College London, UK. - - 2013
Despite rapid growth of robot assisted catheterization in recent years, most current platforms are based on master-slave designs with limited operator-robot collaborative control and automation. Under this setup, information concerning subject specific behavior and context-driven manoeuvre is not re-utilized for subsequent intervention. For endovascular catheterization, the robot itself is designed ...
Fan Chia-Wei - - 2013
This study examined the validity and reliability of the Assessment of Work Performance (AWP) using Rasch analysis. The AWP was administered to 365 clients with a variety of work-related problems. Rasch analysis and principal component analysis were used to examine the appropriateness of the rating scales and unidimensionality of AWP ...
Mazzoleni Stefano - - 2012
A diagnostic platform for the early functional assessment of post-stroke patients was designed in order to perform isometric measurements during activities of daily living (ADL) tasks. The outcome of these measurements can contribute to verify the integrity of a post-stroke existing or altered "internal model" for a particular functional task. ...
Fadyl Joanna K - - 2012
Discourse analysis following the work of Michel Foucault has become a valuable methodology in the critical analysis of a broad range of topics relating to health. However, it can be a daunting task, in that there seems to be both a huge number of possible approaches to carrying out this ...
Sirić Ljiljana - - 2012
The aim of this study was to analyze the voice quality of alaryngeal tracheoesophageal and esophageal speech, and to determine which of them is more similar to laryngeal voice production, and thus more acceptable as a rehabilitation method of laryngectomized persons. Objective voice evaluation was performed on a sample of ...
Whiteneck Gale - - 2012
To examine associations of patient characteristics along with treatment quantity delivered by seven clinical disciplines during inpatient spinal cord injury (SCI) rehabilitation with outcomes at rehabilitation discharge and 1-year post-injury. Six inpatient SCI rehabilitation centers enrolled 1376 patients during the 5-year SCIRehab study. Clinicians delivering standard care documented details of ...
Markowitz Samuel N - - 2013
Microperimeters embody technological abilities required to assess components of residual visual functions and functional vision. Residual visual functions and functional vision after macular vision loss are mostly defined by 3 major components: scotoma characteristics, preferred retinal loci (PRLs) and oculomotor control. Microperimetry may be proven superior as a method to ...
Simpson Lisa A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: and purpose. Augmenting changes in recovery is core to the rehabilitation process following a stroke. Hence it is essential that outcome measures are able to detect change as it occurs, a property known as responsiveness. This article critically reviewed the responsiveness of functional outcome measures following stroke, specifically examining ...
Zetterberg Lena - - 2012
Objective: To examine the multivariate association between a model of self-perceived non-motor aspects and disability in cervical dystonia. Design: A prospective and correlational design with two points of assessment. Subjects: All 273 members with cervical dystonia from the Swedish Dystonia Patient Association were invited to participate. Methods: Data were collected ...
Au Eunice H - - 2012
Legibility is important for functional, handwritten communication. Deficits in legibility can impair occupational performance following stroke or trauma. Few instruments are available to assess adult handwriting legibility during rehabilitation. The aim of this study was to compare inter-rater reliability of a new four-point legibility rating instrument with two existing instruments, ...
Madden Richard - - 2012
Purpose: Casemix models for funding activity in health care and assessing performance depend on data based on uniformity of resource utilisation. It has long been an ideal to relate the measure of value more to patient outcome than output. A problem frequently expressed by clinicians is that measures of activity ...
van der Linden Janet - - 2012
Pervasive healthcare is beginning to investigate how novel sensory technologies can be used to measure body movements and provide various forms of feedback. This position paper reflects on a blended design approach that uses a combination of technology inspiration, consultation with experts and user-centred design for the development of a ...
Christ O - - 2012
After an amputation, processes of change in the body image as well as a change in body scheme have direct influences on the quality of living in every patient. Within this paper, a paradigm of experimental induced body illusion (the Rubber Hand Illusion, RHI) is integrated in a prosthetic hardware ...
Gabel Moshe - - 2012
Human gait is an important indicator of health, with applications ranging from diagnosis, monitoring, and rehabilitation. In practice, the use of gait analysis has been limited. Existing gait analysis systems are either expensive, intrusive, or require well-controlled environments such as a clinic or a laboratory. We present an accurate gait ...
Obdrzalek Stepan - - 2012
The Microsoft Kinect camera is becoming increasingly popular in many areas aside from entertainment, including human activity monitoring and rehabilitation. Many people, however, fail to consider the reliability and accuracy of the Kinect human pose estimation when they depend on it as a measuring system. In this paper we compare ...
Rohafza Maryam - - 2012
One of the obstacles in the development of rehabilitation robotics has been inadequacy in the measurement of treatment effects due to interventions. A measurement tool that will efficiently produce a large reliable sample of measurements collected during a single session that can also produce a rich set of data which ...
Corbett Elaine A - - 2012
For rehabilitative devices to restore functional movement to paralyzed individuals, user intent must be determined from signals that remain under voluntary control. Tracking eye movements is a natural way to learn about an intended reach target and, when combined with just a small set of electromyograms (EMGs) in a probabilistic ...
Chien Chieh - - 2012
A system that reliably classifies daily life activities can contribute to more effective and economical treatments for patients with chronic conditions or undergoing rehabilitative therapy. We propose a universal hybrid decision tree classifier for this purpose. The tree classifier can flexibly implement different decision rules at its internal nodes, and ...
Feng-Shun Lin Jonathan - - 2012
This paper proposes an approach for the automated segmentation and identification of movement segments from continuous time series data of human movement, collected through motion capture of ambulatory sensors. The proposed approach uses a two stage identification and recognition process, based on velocity and stochastic modeling of each motion to ...
Wagner Rojay - - 2012
Gait analysis systems are powerful tools in the monitoring and rehabilitation of many health conditions which result in an altered gait (such as Parkinson's disease and rheumatoid arthritis), along with the injury of lower limbs. However, current systems that provide accurate gait monitoring and analysis are large and expensive, and ...
Blaschko Sarah D - - 2012
External genitalia development occurs through a combination of hormone independent, hormone dependent, and endocrine pathways. Perturbation of these pathways can lead to abnormal external genitalia development. We review human and animal mechanisms of normal and abnormal external genitalia development, and we evaluate abnormal mechanisms that lead to hypospadias. We also ...
Babonis Leslie S - - 2012
Since their discovery in 1958, the function of specialized salt-secreting glands in tetrapods has been studied in great detail, and such studies continue to contribute to a general understanding of transport mechanisms of epithelial water and ions. Interestingly, during that same time period, there have been only few attempts to ...
Engelen Jos - - 2012
In this paper, I present a view of organizational and financial matters relevant for the successful construction and operation of the experimental set-ups at the Large Hadron Collider of CERN, the European Laboratory for Particle Physics in Geneva. Construction of these experiments was particularly challenging: new detector technologies had to ...
Shears Tara - - 2012
The Standard Model is the theory used to describe the interactions between fundamental particles and fundamental forces. It is remarkably successful at predicting the outcome of particle physics experiments. However, the theory has not yet been completely verified. In particular, one of the most vital constituents, the Higgs boson, has ...
Jenni Peter - - 2012
For the past year, experiments at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) have started exploring physics at the high-energy frontier. Thanks to the superb turn-on of the LHC, a rich harvest of initial physics results have already been obtained by the two general-purpose experiments A Toroidal LHC Apparatus (ATLAS) and the ...
Gagnon Daniel - - 2012
Quantifying sweat gland activation provides important information when explaining differences in sweat rate between populations and physiological conditions. However, no standard technique has been proposed to measure sweat gland activation, while the reliability of sweat gland activation measurements is unknown. We examined the interrater and internal reliability of the modified-iodine ...
Migliaretti G - - 2012
In the literature, few studies analyze the effect of GH therapy on height, preferring a more indirect approach, where factors influencing the total pubertal and pre-pubertal growth in GH-deficient patients are evaluated and subsequently used to estimate the overall effect at the end of the therapy; unfortunately, this approach does ...
de Kruif Cornelis G - - 2012
The internal structure of casein micelles was studied by calculating the small-angle neutron and X-ray scattering and static light scattering spectrum (SANS, SAXS, SLS) as a function of the scattering contrast and composition. We predicted experimental SANS, SAXS, SLS spectra self consistently using independently determined parameters for composition size, polydispersity, ...
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