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Montrikittiphant Thanit T Department of Chemistry, Imperial College London, South Kensington Campus, SW7 2AZ, London, UK; Polymer and Composite Engineering (PaCE) group, Department of Chemical Engineering, Imperial College London, South Kensington Campus, SW7 2AZ, London, - - 2014
Bacterial cellulose (BC) is often regarded as a prime candidate nano-reinforcement for the production of renewable nanocomposites. However, the mechanical performance of most BC nanocomposites is often inferior compared with commercially available polylactide (PLLA). Here, the manufacturing concept of paper-based laminates is used, i.e., "PaPreg," to produce BC nanopaper reinforced ...
Lum Kirsten J KJ Division of Intramural Population Health Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH, DHHS, Rockville, MD 20852, USA and Department of Biostatistics, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, - - 2014
Prospective pregnancy studies are a valuable source of longitudinal data on menstrual cycle length. However, care is needed when making inferences of such renewal processes. For example, accounting for the sampling plan is necessary for unbiased estimation of the menstrual cycle length distribution for the study population. If couples can ...
Pond Gregory J GJ Environmental Assessment and Innovation Division, Office of Monitoring and Assessment Region III, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 1060 Chapline St., Wheeling, WV, 26003, USA, - - 2014
Recent studies have documented adverse effects to biological communities downstream of mountaintop coal mining and valley fills (VF), but few data exist on the longevity of these impacts. We sampled 15 headwater streams with VFs reclaimed 11-33 years prior to 2011 and sampled seven local reference sites that had no VFs. ...
Shon Kilhwan K Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, University of Ulsan, Asan Medical Center , Seoul , Korea - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To evaluate whether pointwise regression analysis of serial measures of retinal sensitivity can predict future visual field (VF) loss. Methods: Medical records of 158 patients with glaucomatous eyes with at least 6 years follow-up and 10 reliable VF exams were retrospectively analyzed. The entire follow-up period was divided ...
Bhattacharya Pinaki P School of Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 - - 2014
Computational models of vocal fold (VF) vibration are becoming increasingly sophisticated, their utility currently transiting from exploratory research to predictive research. However, validation of such models has remained largely qualitative, raising questions over their applicability to interpret clinical situations. In this paper, a computational model with a segregated implementation is ...
Deng Lisha L Devers Eye, Legacy Research Institute, 1225 NE 2nd Ave, portland, OR, 97232, United - - 2014
Purpose: To reduce variability and improve measurements of true change signal in visual field (VF) assessments through the use of filters that combine both functional and structural test results. Methods: Humphrey VF data (SITA Std, 24-2) and confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (HRT) data from 1057 eyes of 637 participants were ...
Boggia Antonio A University of Perugia, Borgo XX Giugno, 74, 06121 Perugia, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Rural Development is a priority in Europe and it is supported by specific, financial programmes. At the same time, sustainability is the key word for the European Union to construct programmes and policies for all human activities. However, measuring sustainability of rural areas is not easy, due to their particular ...
Mohiuddin Syed - - 2014
The surgical insertion of Ventilation Tubes (VTs) for the management of persistent bilateral Otitis Media with Effusion (OME) in children remains a contentious issue due to the varying opinions regarding the risks and benefits of this procedure. The aim of this study was to evaluate the economic impact of VTs ...
Hoekstra Arjen Y AY Twente Water Centre, Institute for Innovation and Governance Studies, University of Twente, Enschede, Netherlands. - - 2014
Within the context of Earth's limited natural resources and assimilation capacity, the current environmental footprint of humankind is not sustainable. Assessing land, water, energy, material, and other footprints along supply chains is paramount in understanding the sustainability, efficiency, and equity of resource use from the perspective of producers, consumers, and ...
Naganawa Mika M PET Center, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Kappa opioid receptors (KOR) are implicated in several brain disorders. In this report, a first-in-human Positron Emission Tomography (PET) study was conducted with the potent and selective KOR agonist tracer, [(11)C]GR103545, to determine an appropriate kinetic model for analysis of PET imaging data and assess the test-retest reproducibility of model-derived ...
Fenichel Eli P EP Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA, - - 2014
Developing a quantitative science of sustainability requires bridging mathematical concepts from fields contributing to sustainability science. The concept of substitutability is central to sustainability but is defined differently by different fields. Specifically, economics tends to define substitutability as a marginal concept while fields such as ecology tend to focus on ...
Bhattacharya Pinaki P School of Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, - - 2014
Predicting phonation conditions that are benign to voice health remains a biomechanically relevant problem. Our objective is to provide insight into vocal fold (VF) hydration based on continuum-based VF models that are able to compute VF stresses during phonation and a scheme for the extraction and generalization of such computational ...
Xue Qian Q Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Maine, Orono, - - 2014
The present study explores the use of a continuum-based computational model to investigate the effect of left-right tension imbalance on vocal fold (VF) vibrations and glottal aerodynamics, as well as its implication on phonation. The study allows us to gain new insights into the underlying physical mechanism of irregularities induced ...
Pritchard Duncan D Aran Hall School; Bangor - - 2014
Behavioral Momentum Theory (BMT) has inspired animal models of treatment relapse. We translated the models of reinstatement and resurgence into clinical procedures to test whether relapse tests would replicate behavior pattern found in basic research. Following multiple schedule baseline reinforcement of a 16-year-old male's problem behavior at equal rates by ...
Owen David R DR Division of Brain Sciences, Department of Medicine, Imperial College, London, - - 2014
Positron emission tomography (PET) targeting the 18 kDa translocator protein (TSPO) is used to quantify neuroinflammation. Translocator protein is expressed throughout the brain, and therefore a classical reference region approach cannot be used to estimate binding potential (BPND). Here, we used blockade of the TSPO radioligand [(11)C]PBR28 with the TSPO ligand ...
Castilla Ana E AE a Assistant Professor, Department of Orthodontics, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To measure and compare bracket transfer accuracy of five indirect bonding (IDB) techniques. Materials and Methods: Five IDB techniques were studied: double polyvinyl siloxane (double-PVS), double vacuum-form (double-VF), polyvinyl siloxane vacuum-form (PVS-VF), polyvinyl siloxane putty (PVS-putty), and single vacuum-form (single-VF). Brackets were bonded on 25 identical stone working ...
Rusjan Pablo M PM Research Imaging Centre, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH), Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
This article describes the kinetic modeling of [(11)C]SL25.1188 ([(S)-5-methoxymethyl-3-[6-(4,4,4-trifluorobutoxy)-benzo[d]isoxazol-3-yl]-oxazolidin-2-[(11)C]one]) binding to monoamine oxidase B (MAO-B) in the human brain using high-resolution positron emission tomography (PET). Seven healthy subjects underwent two separate 90- minute PET scans after an intravenous injection of [(11)C]SL25.1188. Complementary arterial blood sampling was acquired. Radioactivity was quickly eliminated ...
Radaelli Giovanni G Politecnico di - - 2014
Objectives: This study describes the health technology assessment (HTA) framework introduced by Regione Lombardia to regulate the introduction of new technologies. The study outlines the process and dimensions adopted to prioritize, assess and appraise the requests of new technologies. Methods: The HTA framework incorporates and adapts elements from the EUnetHTA ...
Elshrif Mohamed M MM B. Thomas Golisano College of Computing and Information Sciences, Rochester Institute of Technology, Rochester, New York, United States of - - 2014
Numerical integration of mathematical models of heart cell electrophysiology provides an important computational tool for studying cardiac arrhythmias, but the abundance of available models complicates selecting an appropriate model. We study the behavior of two recently published models of human ventricular action potentials, the Grandi-Pasqualini-Bers (GPB) and the O'Hara-Virág-Varró-Rudy (OVVR) ...
Castanheira Guilherme G 0000-0001-9488-3411 Laboratory of Building Physics and Construction Technology, Department of Civil Engineering, School of Engineering, University of Minho, 4800-058 Guimarães, - - 2014
This paper analyses the current trends in sustainability assessment. After about 15 years from the launch of sustainability assessment tools, focused on buildings evaluation, the paradigm of sustainability assessment tools is changing from the building scale to the built environment scale. Currently European cities and cities around the world are ...
Xue Ming M Institute of Image Communication and Network Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China. - - 2014
To tackle robust object tracking for video sensor-based applications, an online discriminative algorithm based on incremental discriminative structured dictionary learning (IDSDL-VT) is presented. In our framework, a discriminative dictionary combining both positive, negative and trivial patches is designed to sparsely represent the overlapped target patches. Then, a local update (LU) ...
Subramanian Sowmya S Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, United States of - - 2014
Loop mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) is a highly efficient, selective and rapid DNA amplification technique for genetic screening of pathogens. However, despite its popularity, there is yet no mathematical model to quantify the outcome and no well-defined metric for comparing results that are available. LAMP is intrinsically complex and involves ...
Shiba Daisuke D Department of Ophthalmology, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan; Keisho-kai Iidabashi Eye Clinic, Tokyo, - - 2014
To design a mathematical model that can predict the relationship between the ganglion cell complex (GCC) thickness and visual field sensitivity (VFS) in glaucoma patients. Retrospective cross-sectional case series. Within 3 months from VFS measurements by the Humphrey field analyzer 10-2 program, 83 eyes underwent macular GCC thickness measurements by ...
Bárdossy András A University of Stuttgart, Institut für Wasser- und Umweltsystemmodellierung, Pfaffenwaldring 61, 70569 Stuttgart, - - 2013
The paper presents a diagnostic algorithm for classifying cardiac tachyarrhythmias for implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs). The main aim was to develop an algorithm that could reduce the rate of occurrence of inappropriate therapies, which are often observed in existing ICDs. To achieve low energy consumption, which is a critical factor ...
Buys L L School of Design, Queensland University of Technology, 2 George Street, Brisbane, Queensland 4000, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2013
Sustainability is a key driver for decisions in the management and future development of industries. The World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED, 1987) outlined imperatives which need to be met for environmental, economic and social sustainability. Development of strategies for measuring and improving sustainability in and across these domains, ...
Sogo Ana - - 2013
So far, the accuracy of tidal volume(VT) and leak measures provided by the built-in software of commercial home ventilators has only been tested using bench linear models with fixed calibrated and continuous leaks. The objective was to assess the reliability of the estimation of tidal volume (VT) and unintentional leaks ...
Pareto Deborah - - 2013
AbstractThe aim of this work was to quantify the brain distribution of the enzyme aromatase in the female baboon with positron emission tomography and the tracer [11C]vorozole using three different quantification methods for estimating the total distribution volume (VT): a graphical method, compartment modeling, and a tissue to plasma ratio. ...
Alonso-Atienza Felipe - - 2013
Early detection of ventricular fibrillation (VF) and rapid ventricular tachycardia (VT) is crucial for the success of the defibrillation therapy. A wide variety of detection algorithms have been proposed based on temporal, spectral, or complexity parameters extracted from the ECG. However, these algorithms are mostly constructed by considering each parameter ...
Lohith Talakad G - - 2013
[(11)C]NOP-1A is a novel high-affinity PET ligand for imaging nociceptin/orphanin FQ peptide (NOP) receptors. Here, we report reproducibility and reliability measures of binding parameter estimates for [(11)C]NOP-1A binding in brain of healthy humans After intravenous injection of [(11)C]NOP-1A PET scans were conducted twice on eleven healthy volunteers on the same ...
Szelényi Zsuzsanna - - 2013
The diagnostic values of the aVR lead or "Vereckei algorithm," and the lead II R-wave peak time (RWPT) criterion, recently devised for the differential diagnosis of wide QRS complex tachycardias (WCTs), were compared. A total of 212 WCTs (142 ventricular tachycardias [VTs], 62 supraventricular tachycardias [SVT], and eight preexcitation SVTs) ...
Aparicio Elizabeth E School of Social Work, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA. - - 2013
Vicarious trauma (VT) involves affective distress and shifts in cognitive schemas following secondary exposure to traumatic material. The Vicarious Trauma Scale (VTS) is a brief measure designed to assess distress resulting from such exposure and has potential as a screening tool for VT in practice and educational settings. The current ...
Faille Evelyn Opala - - 2013
To develop an appropriate apparatus for monitoring physiological signals and offering noninvasive automated mechanical stimulations for interrupting apneic events in neonates. Vibrotactile stimulation (VTS) maybe an effective, safer alternative to nursing hand stimulation in treating neonatal apnea. We therefore developed a new diagnostic and therapeutic instrument. The main components of ...
Guo Qi Q Centre for Imaging Sciences, Imanova, London, United - - 2013
PET is used to image active inflammatory processes by targeting the translocator protein (TSPO). In vitro, second-generation TSPO radioligands, such as PBR111, have been shown to bind to human tissue samples with either high affinity (high-affinity binders, HABs), low affinity (low-affinity binders, LABs), or an intermediate, mixed affinity (mixed-affinity binders, ...
Buffoli M - - 2013
Background: Sustainability is a broad and debated subject, often difficult to be defined and applied into real projects, especially when dealing with a complex scenario as the one of healthcare. Many research studies and evaluation systems have handled this topic from different perspectives, but many limits and criticalities still have ...
Li Li - - 2013
Standard protocols are critical for maximizing data comparability and aggregation in national monitoring programs, and taxa richness is a common indicator of site condition and biological diversity. There are two general approaches for sampling stream macroinvertebrate assemblages: targeted richest habitat and site wide. At seven sites, we compared three methods: ...
Li Qiao - - 2013
Correct detection and classification of ventricular fibrillation (VF) and rapid ventricular tachycardia (VT) is of pivotal importance for automatic external defibrillator (AED) and patient monitoring. In this study a VF/VT classification algorithm using a machine learning method, support vector machine (SVM) is proposed. A total of 14 metrics were extracted ...
Lo Men-Tzung - - 2013
Accurate ventricular fibrillation (VF) waveform analysis usually requires rescuers to discontinue cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). However, prolonged "hands-off" time has a deleterious impact on the outcome. We developed a new filter technique that could clean the CPR artifacts and help preserve the shockability index of VF METHODS: We analyzed corrupted ECGs, ...
Van Laere Koen - - 2013
Phosphodiesterase 10A (PDE10A) plays a central role in striatal signaling and is implicated in several neuropsychiatric disorders, such as movement disorders and schizophrenia. We performed initial brain kinetic modeling of the novel PDE10A tracer (18)F-JNJ-42259152 (2-[[4-[1-(2-(18)F-fluoroethyl)-4-(4-pyridinyl)-1H-pyrazol-3-yl]phenoxy]methyl]-3,5-dimethyl-pyridine) and studied test-retest reproducibility in healthy volunteers. Twelve healthy volunteers (5 men, 7 women; ...
Rizzo Gaia G Department of Information Engineering, University of Padova, Padova, - - 2013
This study compared model-based and data-driven methods to assess the best methodology for generating precise and accurate parametric maps of the parameters of interest in [(11)C](R)-rolipram brain positron-emission tomography studies. Parametric images were generated using (1) a two-tissue compartmental model (2TCM) solved with the hierarchical basis function method (H-BFM) linear ...
Einav Sharon - - 2013
AIM: Use of brain biomarkers for predicting death after cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is limited by a research focus on the discriminative ability of each biomarker and ethical/cultural controversy concerning the likelihood of misclassification of potential survivors. We illustrate an approach to address these limitations by creating a dynamic nomogram with ...
Betz-Stablein Brigid D - - 2013
In order to reduce noise and account for spatial correlation, we applied disease mapping techniques to visual field (VF) data. We compared our calculated rates of progression to other established techniques. Conditional autoregressive (CAR) priors, weighted to account for physiologic correlations, were employed to describe spatial and spatiotemporal correlation over ...
Ren Jingzheng - - 2013
Biodiesel as a promising alternative energy resource has been a hot spot in chemical engineering nowadays, but there is also an argument about the sustainability of biodiesel. In order to analyze the sustainability of biodiesel production systems and select the most sustainable scenario, various kinds of crop-based biodiesel including soybean-, ...
Donaire-Gonzalez David - - 2013
Epidemiological studies on physical activity often lack inexpensive, objective, valid, and reproducible tools for measuring physical activity levels of participants. Novel sensing technologies built into smartphones offer the potential to fill this gap. We sought to validate estimates of physical activity and determine the usability for large population-based studies of ...
Asaoka Ryo - - 2013
To measure progression of the visual field (VF) mean deviation (MD) index in longitudinal 10-2 VFs more accurately, by adding information from 24-2 VFs using Lasso regression. A training dataset consisted of 138 eyes from 97 patients with glaucoma or ocular hypertension and a testing dataset consisted of 40 eyes ...
Park Carissa A CA Department of Animal Science, Iowa State University, Ames, IA, USA. - - 2013
The use of ontologies to standardize biological data and facilitate comparisons among datasets has steadily grown as the complexity and amount of available data have increased. Despite the numerous ontologies available, one area currently lacking a robust ontology is the description of vertebrate traits. A trait is defined as any ...
Russell Richard A RA Department of Optometry and Visual Science, City University London, United Kingdom ; NIHR Biomedical Research Centre for Ophthalmology, Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust and UCL Institute of Ophthalmology, London, United - - 2013
To develop a model to simulate visual fields (VFs) in glaucoma patients, and to characterize variability of the Mean Deviation (MD) VF summary measurement using real VFs and simulations. Pointwise VF variability was previously approximated using longitudinal VF data (24-2 SITA Standard, Humphrey Field Analyzer) from 2,736 patients; these data ...
Folio Lindsey S - - 2013
Ocular imaging devices provide quantitative structural information that might improve glaucoma progression detection. This study examined scanning laser polarimetry (SLP) population-derived versus individual-derived cut-off criteria for detecting progression. Forty-eight healthy, glaucoma suspect and glaucoma subjects, providing 76 eyes were used. All subjects had reliable visual field (VF) and SLP scans ...
Choudhuri Arnab Rai - - 2012
One of the most striking aspects of the 11-year sunspot cycle is that there have been times in the past when some cycles went missing, a most well-known example of this being the Maunder minimum during 1645-1715. Analyses of cosmogenic isotopes (^{14}C and ^{10}Be) indicated that there were about 27 ...
Denniss Jonathan - - 2012
To present a computational model mapping visual field (VF) locations to optic nerve head (ONH) sectors accounting for individual ocular anatomy, and to describe the effects of anatomical variability on maps produced. A previous model that related retinal locations to ONH sectors was adapted to model eyes with varying axial ...
Hernández M M - - 2012
Laboratory studies were developed to evaluate the compatibility of flufenoxuron and azadirachtin with Beauveria bassiana against Tetranychus urticae larvae along with the required Probit analysis of the involved chemicals on all of the life stages of this mite. Flufenoxuron displayed parallel regression lines for the mortality of eggs, deutonymphs and ...
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