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Arcaute Elsa E Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis (CASA), University College London, London, UK - - 2015
Cities can be characterized and modelled through different urban measures. Consistency within these observables is crucial in order to advance towards a science of cities. Bettencourt et al. have proposed that many of these urban measures can be predicted through universal scaling laws. We develop a framework to consistently define ...
Cao Houwei H Department of Radiology, Section of Biomedical Image Analysis, University of Pennsylvania, 3600 Market street, Suite 380, Philadelpia, PA - - 2015
In this article we investigate what representations of acoustics and word usage are most suitable for predicting dimensions of affect|AROUSAL, VALANCE, POWER and EXPECTANCY|in spontaneous interactions. Our experiments are based on the AVEC 2012 challenge dataset. For lexical representations, we compare corpus-independent features based on psychological word norms of emotional ...
Cairns David A DA Section of Oncology and Clinical Research, Leeds Institute of Cancer and Pathology, St. James's University Hospital, Beckett Street, Leeds, LS9 7TF, UK, - - 2015
The statistical design of a clinical proteomics experiment is a critical part of well-undertaken investigation. Standard concepts from experimental design such as randomization, replication and blocking should be applied in all experiments, and this is possible when the experimental conditions are well understood by the investigator. The large number of ...
Harb Omar S OS Department of Biology, University of Pennsylvania, 415 S. University Ave., Philadelphia, PA, 19104-6018, USA, - - 2015
Over the past 20 years, advances in high-throughput biological techniques and the availability of computational resources including fast Internet access have resulted in an explosion of large genome-scale data sets "big data." While such data are readily available for download and personal use and analysis from a variety of repositories, ...
Geverts Bart B Department of Pathology, Josephine Nefkens Institute, Erasmus Optical Imaging Centre, Erasmus MC, Postbus 2040, Rotterdam, 3000 CA, The - - 2015
We present a Monte Carlo simulation environment for modelling complex biological molecular interaction networks and for the design, validation, and quantitative analysis of FRAP assays to study these. The program is straightforward in its implementation and can be instructed through an intuitive script language. The simulation tool fits very well ...
Exarchos Themis P TP Institute of Communication and Computer Systems, National Technical University of Athens, Athens, Greece, - - 2015
In this work, we present the concept, the methodological ideas and the architecture of the EMBALANCE platform. EMBALANCE platform extends existing but generic and currently uncoupled balance modeling activities, leading to a multi-scale and patient-specific balance Hypermodel, which is incorporated to a Decision Support System (DSS), towards the early diagnosis, ...
Edwards Howell G M HG Department of Physics and Astronomy, Centre for Astrobiology and Extremophiles Research, Space Research Centre, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 7RH, UK - - 2014
The remote robotic exploration of extraterrestrial scenarios for evidence of biological colonization in 'search for life' missions using Raman spectroscopy is critically dependent on two major factors: firstly, the Raman spectral recognition of characteristic biochemical spectral signatures in the presence of mineral matrix features; and secondly, the positive unambiguous identification ...
VAN Cao Nguyen N Institute of Oceanography, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, Hanoi, - - 2014
Conservation of sea snakes is virtually nonexistent in Asia, and its role in human-snake interactions in terms of catch, trade, and snakebites as an occupational hazard is mostly unexplored. We collected data on sea snake landings from the Gulf of Thailand, a hotspot for sea snake harvest by squid fishers ...
Martínez-González M Covadonga MC Department of Dermatology, Private Consultant, Oviedo, Asturias, - - 2014
In recent years, there has been a great development of esthetic dermatology as a subspecialty of dermatology. It is important to know to which extent the general population regard this branch of medical surgical specialty as being of interest and contributing to emotional well-being. To analyze the technical features of ...
Addison Paul S PS From the Respiratory and Monitoring Solutions, Covidien, The Technopole Centre, Edinburgh, Scotland, United - - 2014
ΔPOP is a physiological parameter derived from the respiration-induced change in the pulse oximetry plethysmographic (POP) waveform or "pleth." It has been proposed as a proxy for pulse pressure variation used in the determination of the response to intravascular volume expansion in hypovolemic patients. Many studies have now reported on ...
Knorr Mirjana M University Medical Centre Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, - - 2014
Increasing numbers of educational institutions in the medical field choose to replace their conventional admissions interviews with a multiple mini-interview (MMI) format because the latter has superior reliability values and reduces interviewer bias. As the MMI format can be adapted to the conditions of each institution, the question of under ...
Nguyen Quoc Dinh QD Division of Geriatrics, Department of Medicine, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
Although reflection is considered a significant component of medical education and practice, the literature does not provide a consensual definition or model for it. Because reflection has taken on multiple meanings, it remains difficult to operationalise. A standard definition and model are needed to improve the development of practical applications ...
Chen Pin-Yu - - 2014
Information dissemination control is of crucial importance to facilitate reliable and efficient data delivery, especially in networks consisting of time-varying links or heterogeneous links. Since the abstraction of information dissemination much resembles the spread of epidemics, epidemic models are utilized to characterize the collective dynamics of information dissemination over networks. ...
O'Neill Martin M 2nd Center for Computational Epidemiology and Response Analysis University of North Texas, Denton, TX - - 2014
Computational tools are needed to make data-driven disaster mitigation planning accessible to planners and policymakers without the need for programming or GIS expertise. To address this problem, we have created modules to facilitate quantitative analyses pertinent to a variety of different disaster scenarios. These modules, which comprise the REsponse PLan ...
Dawdy-Hesterberg Lisa Garnand LG Department of Linguistics, Northwestern University , 2016 Sheridan Road, Evanston , IL 60202-0854 , - - 2014
The noun plural system in Modern Standard Arabic lies at a nexus of critical issues in morphological learnability. The suffixing "sound" plural competes with as many as 31 non-concatenative "broken" plural patterns. Our computational analysis of singular-plural pairs in the Corpus of Contemporary Arabic explores what types of linguistic information ...
Ng Thomas W H - - 2014
This study examines the criterion-related and incremental validity of ethical leadership (EL) with meta-analytic data. Across 101 samples published over the last 15 years (N = 29,620), we observed that EL demonstrated acceptable criterion-related validity with variables that tap followers' job attitudes, job performance, and evaluations of their leaders. Further, ...
Field Becky - - 2014
BackgroundConceptual frameworks are recommended as a way of applying theory to enhance implementation efforts. The Knowledge to Action (KTA) Framework was developed in Canada by Graham and colleagues in the 2000s, following a review of 31 planned action theories. The framework has two components: Knowledge Creation and an Action Cycle, ...
Maricutoiu Laurentiu P LP Department of Psychology, West University of Timisoara, - - 2014
The present research study addresses the disparity between theoretical considerations and empirical evidence regarding the relationships between coping strategies and defence mechanisms. Self-reported measures of coping and defences were administered to a Romanian adult sample (N = 542; 74.53% female, mean age = 31.28). Using structural equation modelling, models that assumed independence between coping ...
Thokala Praveen P Health Economics and Decision Science, School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, Regent Court, 30 Regent Street, Sheffield, S1 4DA, UK, - - 2014
Within health technology assessment (HTA), cost-effectiveness analysis and budget impact analyses have been broadly accepted as important components of decision making. However, whilst they address efficiency and affordability, the issue of implementation and feasibility has been largely ignored. HTA commonly takes place within a deliberative framework that captures issues of ...
Yankelevitz David - - 2014
In the editorial by Courtright and Manaker the pattern I had expressed concern about regarding overstating the harms and underestimating the benefits continues. Notably, the evidence regarding harms refers solely to NLST data neglecting all of the progress made in the past decade in technology as well as knowledge for ...
Trietsch Jasper J School for Public Health and Primary Care (CAPHRI), Department of Family Medicine, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The - - 2014
A quality improvement strategy consisting of comparative feedback and peer review embedded in available local quality improvement collaboratives proved to be effective in changing the test-ordering behaviour of general practitioners. However, implementing this strategy was problematic. We aimed for large-scale implementation of an adapted strategy covering both test ordering and ...
Marx Sabrina - - 2014
Childhood malnutrition is a serious challenge in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and a major underlying cause of death. It is the result of a dynamic and complex interaction between political, social, economic, environmental and other factors. As spatially oriented research has been established in health sciences in recent years, developments in ...
Leng Biao - - 2014
View-based 3D model retrieval uses a set of views to represent each object. Discovering the complex relationship between multiple views remains challenging in 3D object retrieval. Recent progress in the latent Dirichlet allocation (LDA) model leads us to propose its use for 3D object retrieval. This LDA approach explores the ...
Xiao Xinqing X China Agricultural University, Beijing, 100083, China; Beijing Laboratory of Food Quality and Safety, Beijing, 100083, - - 2014
The main export varieties are brand-name, high-quality bred aquatic products in China. Among of them, tilapia has become the most important and fast growing species since extensive consumers market in North America and Europe has evolved due to commodity prices of year round availability and quality of fresh and frozen products. As ...
Lewis Shevaun S Department of Cognitive Science, Johns Hopkins University, Krieger Hall 237, 3400 N Charles St, Baltimore, MD, 21218, USA, - - 2014
We address two important questions about the relationship between theoretical linguistics and psycholinguistics. First, do grammatical theories and language processing models describe separate cognitive systems, or are they accounts of different aspects of the same system? We argue that most evidence is consistent with the one-system view. Second, how should ...
Kuperman Victor V a McMaster University , - - 2014
Abstract A recent dramatic increase in the number and scope of chronometric and norming lexical megastudies offers the ability to conduct virtual experiments, that is, to draw samples of items with properties that vary in critical linguistic dimensions. This paper introduces a bootstrapping approach which enables testing research hypotheses against ...
Gettman Jon - - 2014
This commentary evaluates regulatory frameworks for the legalized production, sale, and use of marijuana. Specifically, we argue that the primary goal of legalization should be the elimination of the illicit trade in marijuana and that maximizing market participation through open markets and personal cultivation is the best approach to achieving ...
Willoughby Cerys - - 2014
The drive towards more transparency in research, the growing willingness to make data openly available, and the reuse of data to maximize the return on research investment, all increase the importance of being able to find information and make links to the underlying data. The use of metadata in Electronic ...
Speelman Stijn S Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Coupure Links 653, 9000, Ghent, Belgium, - - 2014
Wetland degradation has recently received considerable research attention. Although wetlands are valuable ecosystems, their actual value is difficult to measure because the services they provide often do not have market values. The current study seeks to investigate the preferences for wetland management options in the Kilombero Valley, central Tanzania using ...
Born Michel M a Université de - - 2014
ABSTRACT In this article we propose looking into some factors for Civic Participation and the intention to continue to participate among local (Study I) and immigrant (Study II) young people living in Belgium and Germany. In Study I, 1,079 young people (Mage = 19.23, 44.9% males) completed a self-report questionnaire ...
Mendoza Leonardo Forero LF Electrical Engineering Department, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro (PUC-Rio), Rua Marquês de São Vicente, 225, Gávea, Rio de Janeiro - RJ, - - 2014
This paper presents the research and development of two hybrid neuro-fuzzy models for the hierarchical coordination of multiple intelligent agents. The main objective of the models is to have multiple agents interact intelligently with each other in complex systems. We developed two new models of coordination for intelligent multiagent systems, ...
Dietvorst Berkeley J - - 2014
Research shows that evidence-based algorithms more accurately predict the future than do human forecasters. Yet when forecasters are deciding whether to use a human forecaster or a statistical algorithm, they often choose the human forecaster. This phenomenon, which we call algorithm aversion, is costly, and it is important to understand ...
Frank Aaron Benjamin AB Department of Computational Social Science, George Mason University, Arlington, VA 22030; afrank3@gmu.edu - - 2014
The contemporary global community is increasingly interdependent and confronted with systemic risks posed by the actions and interactions of actors existing beneath the level of formal institutions, often operating outside effective governance structures. Frequently, these actors are human agents, such as rogue traders or aggressive financial innovators, terrorists, groups of ...
Levine Sheen S SS Institute for Social and Economic Research and Policy and Naveen Jindal School of Management, The University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, TX 75080; - - 2014
Markets are central to modern society, so their failures can be devastating. Here, we examine a prominent failure: price bubbles. Bubbles emerge when traders err collectively in pricing, causing misfit between market prices and the true values of assets. The causes of such collective errors remain elusive. We propose that ...
Manzan Maíra Fontes MF Graduate Program in Ecology, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, CB, Campus Universitário Lagoa Nova, Natal, RN, 59078-900, - - 2015
Fishers' local ecological knowledge (LEK) is an additional tool to obtain information about cetaceans, regarding their local particularities, fishing interactions, and behavior. However, this knowledge could vary in depth of detail according to the level of interaction that fishers have with a specific species. This study investigated differences in small-scale ...
Horgan Denis D European Alliance for Personalised Medicine (EAPM), Brussels, - - 2014
Background: Personalised medicine (PM) is an innovative way to produce better patient outcomes by using an individualised or stratified approach to disease and treatment rather than a collective treatment approach for patients. Despite its tangible advantages, the complex process to translate PM into the member states and European healthcare systems ...
Bühlmann P P Peter Bühlmann, ETH Zürich, Seminar for Statistics, Rämistrasse 101, HG G 17, 8092 Zürich, Switzerland, E-mail: - - 2014
This article is part of a For-Discussion-Section of Methods of Information in Medicine about the papers "The Evolution of Boosting Algorithms - From Machine Learning to Statistical Modelling" [1] and "Extending Statistical Boosting - An Overview of Recent Methodological Developments" [2], written by Andreas Mayr and co-authors. It is introduced ...
Burger Martin M Institut für Numerische und Angewandte Mathematik, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität (WWU) Münster, Einsteinstraße 62, 48149 Münster, Germany - - 2014
Mathematical models based on partial differential equations (PDEs) have become an integral part of quantitative analysis in most branches of science and engineering, recently expanding also towards biomedicine and socio-economic sciences. The application of PDEs in the latter is a promising field, but widely quite open and leading to a ...
Tsiftsoglou Asterios S AS Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, 54124, Greece, - - 2014
The regulatory framework for biosimilars was established across Europe in 2005 based on the concept of biosimilarity. This legislation secures the manufacturing, evaluation, and market authorization (MA) of high-quality safe and efficacious biopharmaceuticals that are highly similar to their reference medicinal product (biosimilars). Demonstration of biosimilarity is documented by full-scale ...
de Wind Astrid A TNO, Department of Work, Health & Care, Schipholweg 77-89, 2316 ZL Leiden, The Netherlands. - - 2014
Determinants in the domains health, job characteristics, skills, and social and financial factors may influence early retirement through three central explanatory variables, namely, the ability, motivation, and opportunity to work. Based on the literature, we created the Early Retirement Model. This study aims to investigate whether data support the model ...
Zhao Wei - - 2014
Distributed in-network inference plays a significant role in large-scale wireless sensor networks (WSNs) in various applications for distributed detection and estimation. While belief propagation (BP) holds great potential for forming a powerful underlying mechanism for such distributed in-network inferences in WSNs, one major challenge is how to systematically improve the ...
Egger-Danner C C 1ZuchtData EDV-Dienstleistungen GmbH,Dresdner Str. 89/19,A-1200 - - 2014
For several decades, breeding goals in dairy cattle focussed on increased milk production. However, many functional traits have negative genetic correlations with milk yield, and reductions in genetic merit for health and fitness have been observed. Herd management has been challenged to compensate for these effects and to balance fertility, ...
Ali Muhammad M University of Portsmouth, UK - - 2014
Over the last 15 years, the UK has made great strides in reducing the amount of waste being sent to landfill while also increasing the amount of waste being recycled. The key drivers for this change are the European Union Landfill Directive (1999/31/EC) and the UK Landfill Tax. However, also ...
Lopes-Dos-Santos Vitor - - 2014
We present a new method to assess the information carried by temporal patterns in spike trains. The method first performs a wavelet decomposition of the spike trains, then uses Shannon information to select a subset of coefficients carrying information and, finally, assesses timing information in terms of decoding performance - ...
Bornstein Daniel B DB The Citadel, Charleston, SC, USA - - 2014
Introduction. Coalitions are often composed of member organizations. Member involvement is thought to be associated with coalition success. No instrument currently exists for evaluating organizational member involvement in physical activity coalitions. This study aimed to develop a survey instrument for evaluating organizational member involvement in physical activity coalitions. The study ...
Juang Chia-Feng - - 2014
This paper presents a method that allows two wheeled, mobile robots to navigate unknown environments while cooperatively carrying an object. In the navigation method, a leader robot and a follower robot cooperatively perform either obstacle boundary following (OBF) or target seeking (TS) to reach a destination. The two robots are ...
Schlosser Ralf W RW Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology, Northeastern University, & Otolaryngology and Communication Enhancement, Boston Children's Hospital , Boston, MA , - - 2014
Facilitated Communication (FC) is a technique whereby individuals with disabilities and communication impairments allegedly select letters by typing on a keyboard while receiving physical support, emotional encouragement, and other communication supports from facilitators. The validity of FC stands or falls on the question of who is authoring the typed messages ...
Filho Edson E a Behavioral Imaging and Neural Dynamics Center , University of Chieti-Pescara , Chieti , - - 2014
Abstract A nomological network on team dynamics in sports consisting of a multiframework perspective is introduced and tested. The aim was to explore the interrelationship among cohesion, team mental models (TMMs), collective efficacy (CE) and perceived performance potential (PPP). Three hundred and forty college-aged soccer players representing 17 different teams ...
Civitarese Giuseppe G Via Teodorico 8, 27100 Pavia, Italy. - - 2014
In constructing his theory Bion drew on a number of symbolic matrices: psychoanalysis, philosophy, mathematics, literature, aesthetics. The least investigated of these is the last. True, we know that Bion cites many authors of the Romantic period, such as Coleridge, Keats, Blake and Wordsworth, as well as others who were ...
Giacomin Miranda M Wilfrid Laurier - - 2014
Though grandiose narcissism has predominantly been studied in structural terms-focused on individuals' general tendencies to be more or less narcissistic-we tested whether it also has a meaningful process or state component. Using a daily diary study methodology and multilevel modeling (N = 178, 146 female; Mage = 18.86, SD = ...
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