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Burger Martin M Institut für Numerische und Angewandte Mathematik, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität (WWU) Münster, Einsteinstraße 62, 48149 Münster, Germany - - 2014
Mathematical models based on partial differential equations (PDEs) have become an integral part of quantitative analysis in most branches of science and engineering, recently expanding also towards biomedicine and socio-economic sciences. The application of PDEs in the latter is a promising field, but widely quite open and leading to a ...
Rusch Hannes H Behavioural and Institutional Economics, JLU Giessen, Giessen, Germany Philosophy of Biology, JLU Giessen, Giessen, Germany Peter Löscher Chair of Business Ethics, TU München, Arcisstrasse 21, Munich 80333, Germany - - 2014
Drawing on an idea proposed by Darwin, it has recently been hypothesized that violent intergroup conflict might have played a substantial role in the evolution of human cooperativeness and altruism. The central notion of this argument, dubbed 'parochial altruism', is that the two genetic or cultural traits, aggressiveness against the ...
Botvinick Matthew M Princeton Neuroscience Institute and Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA - - 2014
Recent work has reawakened interest in goal-directed or 'model-based' choice, where decisions are based on prospective evaluation of potential action outcomes. Concurrently, there has been growing attention to the role of hierarchy in decision-making and action control. We focus here on the intersection between these two areas of interest, considering ...
Sonuga-Barke Edmund J S EJ Developmental Brain-Behaviour Laboratory, Psychology, Institute for Disorders of Impulse & Attention, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK; Department of Experimental Clinical & Health Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium; Department of Child Psychiatry, University of Aarhus, Aarhus, - - 2014
The JCPP has just published a virtual issue focusing specifically on the journal's contribution to progress in the field of ADHD neuropsychology over last 30 years and its role in establishing the foundations of next generation ADHD neuropsychology models. The virtual issue is structured around six themes. Here we provide a ...
Brown Alexandra E AE Research and Product Development, Global Polio Eradication Initiative, WHO, Geneva, - - 2014
Monitoring the quality of supplementary immunization activities (SIAs) is a key tool for polio eradication. Regular monitoring data, however, are often unreliable, showing high coverage levels in virtually all areas, including those with ongoing virus circulation. To address this challenge, lot quality assurance sampling (LQAS) was introduced in 2009 as ...
Kim Won S - - 2014
Planetary surface science operations performed by robotic space systems frequently require pointing cameras at various objects and moving a robotic arm end effector tool toward specific targets. Earlier NASA Mars Exploration Rovers did not have the ability to compute actual coordinates for given object coordinate frame names and had to ...
Lou X-Y XY Department of Biostatistics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, - - 2014
Biological outcomes are governed by multiple genetic and environmental factors that act in concert. Determining multifactor interactions is the primary topic of interest in recent genetics studies but presents enormous statistical and mathematical challenges. The computationally efficient multifactor dimensionality reduction (MDR) approach has emerged as a promising tool for meeting ...
Prasad Raghavendra - - 2014
The aim of the article is to present a trend in patent filings for application of nanotechnology to the automobile sector across the world, using the keyword-based patent search. Overviews of the patents related to nano technology in the automobile industry have been provided. The current work has started from ...
Pittelkow Cameron M CM Department of Plant Sciences, University of California, Davis, California 95616, - - 2014
One of the primary challenges of our time is to feed a growing and more demanding world population with reduced external inputs and minimal environmental impacts, all under more variable and extreme climate conditions in the future. Conservation agriculture represents a set of three crop management principles that has received ...
Ratwani Raj M RM National Center for Human Factors in Healthcare, MedStar Health, Washington, DC, USA Department of Emergency Medicine, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC, - - 2014
An increasing number of healthcare providers are adopting patient safety event reporting systems, yet leveraging these data to improve safety remains a challenge, particularly with large datasets composed of thousands of event reports. A MedStar Health research team, with expertise in data analytics and human factors, developed intuitive visualization dashboards ...
Chen Elizabeth S ES Center for Clinical and Translational Science-Biomedical Informatics Unit, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont, USA Department of Medicine-Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont, USA Department of Computer Science, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont, - - 2014
To integrate data elements from multiple sources for informing comprehensive and standardized collection of family health history (FHH). Three types of sources were analyzed to identify data elements associated with the collection of FHH. First, clinical notes from multiple resources were annotated for FHH information. Second, questions and responses for ...
Bramley Neil R - - 2014
Interacting with a system is key to uncovering its causal structure. A computational framework for interventional causal learning has been developed over the last decade, but how real causal learners might achieve or approximate the computations entailed by this framework is still poorly understood. Here we describe an interactive computer ...
Smith Alison B AB National Institute for Applied Statistics Research Australia, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia, - - 2014
Factor analytic mixed models for national crop variety testing programs have the potential to improve industry productivity through appropriate modelling and reporting to growers of variety by environment interaction. Crop variety testing programs are conducted in many countries world-wide. Within each program, data are combined across locations and seasons, and ...
Barberán Albert A Integrative Freshwater Ecology Group, Department of Continental Ecology, Centre d'Estudis Avançats de Blanes (CEAB-CSIC), Blanes, - - 2014
There is an increasing interest to combine phylogenetic data with distributional and ecological records to assess how natural communities arrange under an evolutionary perspective. In the microbial world there is also a need to go beyond the problematic species definition to deeply explore ecological patterns using genetic data. We explored ...
Sellbom Martin M a Research School of Psychology , The Australian National - - 2014
This study sought to replicate and extend Hall and colleagues' (2014) work on developing and validating scales from the Psychopathic Personality Inventory (PPI) to index the triarchic psychopathy constructs of boldness, meanness, and disinhibition. This study also extended Hall et al.'s initial findings by including the PPI Revised (PPI-R). A community ...
Oki Shinya S Department of Developmental Biology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, 812-8582, - - 2014
Raw data from ChIP-seq (chromatin immunoprecipitation combined with massively parallel DNA sequencing) experiments are deposited in public databases as SRAs (Sequence Read Archives) that are publically available to all researchers. However, to graphically visualize ChIP-seq data of interest, the corresponding SRAs must be downloaded and converted into BigWig format, a ...
Amster Andy A Center for Healthcare Analytics, Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, California, - - 2014
To analyze the completeness, computability, and accuracy of specifications for five National Quality Forum-specified (NQF) eMeasures spanning ambulatory, post-discharge, and emergency care within a comprehensive, integrated electronic health record (EHR) environment. To evaluate completeness, we assessed eMeasure logic, data elements, and value sets. To evaluate computability, we assessed the translation ...
Edwards Natalie C NC *Health Services Consulting Corporation, Boxborough, MA †Spectrum Research, Inc., Tacoma, WA ‡Carolina Neurosurgery & Spine Associates, Charlotte, NC; and §The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, - - 2014
Narrative review. To review the common tenets, strengths, and weaknesses of decision modeling for health economic assessment and to review the use of decision modeling in the spine literature to date. For the majority of spinal interventions, well-designed prospective, randomized, pragmatic cost-effectiveness studies that address the specific decision-in-need are lacking. ...
Schulz Francine - - 2014
Large carnivores such as pumas are frequently killed due to conflicts with human populations involving predation on domestic herds. In Southern Brazil, traditional pasture systems, where animals feed without specific husbandry practices is typical, becoming the herds vulnerable to puma attacks. The aim of this study was to examine the ...
Rose Robert A RA Wildlife Conservation Society, Conservation Support, 2300 Southern Boulevard, Bronx, NY, 10460, U.S.A.. - - 2014
In an effort to increase conservation effectiveness through the use of Earth observation technologies, a group of remote sensing scientists affiliated with government and academic institutions and conservation organizations identified 10 questions in conservation for which the potential to be answered would be greatly increased by use of remotely sensed ...
Reed Julie E JE NIHR CLAHRC NWL, Imperial College London, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital, London, - - 2014
The identification and articulation of programme theory can support effective design, execution and evaluation of quality improvement (QI) initiatives. Programme theory includes an agreed aim, potential interventions to achieve this aim, anticipated cause/effect relationships between the interventions and the aim and measures to monitor improvement. This paper outlines the approach ...
Buttigieg Pier Luigi PL HGF-MPG Group for Deep Sea Ecology and Technology; Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany; MARUM Center for Marine Sciences, Bremen, - - 2014
The application of multivariate statistical analyses has become a consistent feature in microbial ecology. However, many microbial ecologists are still in the process of developing a deep understanding of these methods and appreciating their limitations. As a consequence, staying abreast of progress and debate in this arena poses an additional ...
Zhu Fei-Yun - - 2014
Hyperspectral unmixing, the process of estimating a common set of spectral bases and their corresponding composite percentages at each pixel, is an important task for hyperspectral analysis, visualization and understanding. From an unsupervised learning perspective, this problem is very challenging-both the spectral bases and their composite percentages are unknown, making ...
Chakrabarty Subhra S 1 Department of Marketing, College of Business and Economics American University of - - 2014
Summary.-In a recent study, Dussault, Frenette, and Fernet (2013) developed a 21-item self-report instrument to measure leadership based on Bass's (1985) transformational/transactional leadership paradigm. The final specification included a third-order dimension (leadership), two second-order dimensions (transactional leadership and transformational leadership), and a first-order dimension (laissez-faire leadership). This note focuses on ...
Maiti Aniruddha - - 2014
The prediction of the structure of a hidden Dynamic Bayesian Network (DBN) from a noisy dataset is an important and challenging task. This work presents a generalized framework to infer the DBN network structure with partial prior information. In the proposed framework, the partial information about the network structure is ...
Jordana Xavier X Catalan Institute of Paleontology Miquel Crusafont (ICP), Autonomus University of Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2014
In a recent paper published in a special issue on 'Paleontology and Evolution' of Integrative Zoology (Palombo 2014), the author (Van der Geer 2014) takes a review of the derived traits observed in endemic fossil insular mammals, including body size variation, cranial and postcranial changes, and modifications in dentition. This ...
Walker Kate K Coventry University, UK - - 2014
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is an international issue that social and criminal justice workers will encounter regularly. It has been identified that men can, and do stop using, or desist from, IPV although it is unclear how this process of change develops. This article introduces a conceptual model to outline ...
Okabayashi Hideki H Department of Psychology, Meisei University, 2-1-1 Hodokubo, Hino-City, Tokyo, 191-8506, Japan, - - 2014
This paper presents the findings of a study on the development of a Japanese version of the Selection, Optimization, and Compensation (SOC) questionnaire using the Rasch model. To estimate the item functions of 12 items in each of the 4 subscales, 340 responses to the initial survey and 280 responses ...
Lurie-Luke Elena E P&G Life Sciences C+D (Open Innovation). Electronic address: - - 2014
Biomimicry (bio- meaning life in Greek, and -mimesis, meaning to copy) is a growing field that seeks to interpolate natural biological mechanisms and structures into a wide range of applications. The rise of interest in biomimicry in recent years has provided a fertile ground for innovation. This review provides an ...
Cano Jorge - - 2014
BackgroundLymphatic filariasis (LF) is one of the neglected tropical diseases targeted for global elimination by 2020 and to guide elimination efforts countries have, in recent years, conducted extensive mapping surveys. Documenting the past and present distribution of LF and its environmental limits is important for a number of reasons. Here, ...
Hubbard Rebecca A RA Group Health Research Institute, Seattle, WA, U.S.A.; Department of Biostatistics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, - - 2014
Quality assessment is critical for healthcare reform, but data sources are lacking for measurement of many important healthcare outcomes. With over 49 million people covered by Medicare as of 2010, Medicare claims data offer a potentially valuable source that could be used in targeted health care quality improvement efforts. However, ...
Kussell E E Department of Biology and Center for Genomics and Systems Biology, New York University, 12 Waverly Place, New York, NY 10003, USA. Department of Physics, New York University, New York, NY 10003, - - 2014
Evolutionary dynamics in nature constitute an immensely complex non-equilibrium process. We review the application of physical models of evolution, by focusing on adaptation, extinction, and ecology. In each case, we examine key concepts by working through examples. Adaptation is discussed in the context of bacterial evolution, with a view toward ...
Scott Amy B AB Department of Anthropology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, R3T 2N2, - - 2014
The identification of Harris lines through radiographic analysis has been well-established since their discovery in the late nineteenth century. Most commonly associated with stress, the study of Harris lines has been fraught with inconsistent identification standards, high levels of intra- and interobserver error, and the inevitability of skeletal remodelling. Despite ...
Peris-Vicente Juan J QFA, ESTCE, Universitat Jaume I, 12071, Castelló, Spain - - 2014
Classical microbiological methods currently have unacceptably long cycle times. Rapid microbiological methods have been available on the market for decades and have been applied by the clinical and food industries. However, their implementation in the pharmaceutical industry has been hampered by stringent regulations on validation and comparison with classical methods. ...
Wilbanks Bryan A BA Author Affiliations: School of Nursing, The University of Alabama at Birmingham (Dr Wilbanks); and Huntsville Hospital (Ms Langford), - - 2014
Dashboards are data-driven clinical decision support tools used to analyze data from multiple databases using easy-to-read, color-coded graphical displays, much like the dashboards of automobiles. Dashboards can be used to promote data-driven decision making and improve adherence to evidence-based practice guidelines. The purpose of this article was to provide a ...
de Andrade Carlos Eduardo CE Institute of Computing, University of Campinas, Avenida Albert Einstein 1251, Campinas, SP 13083-852 Brazil. - - 2014
Abstract In this paper, we address the problem of picking a subset of bids in a general combinatorial auction so as to maximize the overall profit using the first-price model. This winner determination problem assumes that a single bidding round is held to determine both the winners and prices to ...
Garro Martinez Juan C JC Universidad Nacional de San Luis, Area de Química Física, Facultad de Química, Bioquímica y Farmacia , Chacabuco 917, San Luis, 5700 , Argentina +54 2652 423789 Ext. 122 ; +54 2652 423789 ; - - 2014
Introduction: Quantitative structure-activity relationships (QSAR and 3D-QSAR) have been applied in the last decade to obtain a reliable statistical model for the prediction of the anticonvulsant activities of new chemical entities. However, despite the large amount of information on QSAR, no recent review has published and discussed this data in ...
Friedman Ori O Department of Psychology, University of - - 2014
We report a series of experiments examining whether people ascribe knowledge for true beliefs based on probabilistic evidence. Participants were less likely to ascribe knowledge for beliefs based on probabilistic evidence than for beliefs based on perceptual evidence (Experiments 1 and 2A) or testimony providing causal information (Experiment 2B). Denial ...
Boulay R R Departamento de Zoología, Universidad de Granada, Granada, Spain; IRBI, UMR CNRS 7261, Université François Rabelais de Tours, Tours, - - 2014
How polygyny evolved in social insect societies is a long-standing question. This phenomenon, which is functionally similar to communal breeding in vertebrates, occurs when several queens come together in the same nest to lay eggs that are raised by workers. As a consequence, polygyny drastically reduces genetic relatedness among nestmates. ...
Thiem Alrik A Department of Philosophy, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland - - 2014
In recent years, the method of Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) has been enjoying increasing levels of popularity in evaluation and directly neighboring fields. Its holistic approach to causal data analysis resonates with researchers whose theories posit complex conjunctions of conditions and events. However, due to QCA's relative immaturity, some of ...
Massarutto Antonio A DIES, University of Udine, - - 2014
This paper offers a systematic review of the literature of the last 15years, which applies economic analysis and theories to the issue of combustion of solid waste. Waste incineration has attracted the interest of economists in the first place concerning the comparative assessment of waste management options, with particular reference ...
Kühn A A Helmholtz Zentrum Muenchen-German Research Center for Environmental Health (GmbH), Institute of Epidemiology I, Ingolstädter Landstr. 1, 85764, Neuherberg, - - 2014
The German National Cohort (GNC) is designed to address research questions concerning a wide range of possible causes of major chronic diseases (e.g. cancer, diabetes, infectious, allergic, neurologic and cardiovascular diseases) as well as to identify risk factors and prognostic biomarkers for early diagnosis and prevention of these diseases. The ...
Lu Shasha S School of Economics and Management, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing, 100083, China, - - 2014
A large number of mathematical models have been developed for supporting optimization of land-use allocation; however, few of them simultaneously consider land suitability (e.g., physical features and spatial information) and various uncertainties existing in many factors (e.g., land availabilities, land demands, land-use patterns, and ecological requirements). This paper incorporates geographic ...
Meyer Gregory J GJ a Department of Psychology , University of - - 2014
This article describes 3 studies evaluating normative reference data for the Rorschach Comprehensive System (CS; Exner, 2003, 2007), with a particular focus on the viability of the Composite International Reference Values (CIRVs) that were compiled from 21 adult studies by Meyer, Erdberg, and Shaffer (2007). Study 1 documented how the ...
Kargo M M Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Center for Quantitative Genetics and Genomics, Aarhus University, PO Box 50, 8830 Tjele, Denmark; Knowledge Centre for Agriculture, Agro Food Park 15, DK-8200 Aarhus N, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
Within a group of cooperating countries, all breeding animals are judged according to the same criteria if a joint breeding goal is applied in these countries. This makes it easier for dairy farmers to compare national and foreign elite bulls and may lead to more selection across borders. However, a ...
Redelmeier Donald A DA Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, 2075 Bayview Ave, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M4N3M5; Evaluative Clinical Science, Sunnybrook Research Institute, 2075 Bayview Ave, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M4N3M5; Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences in Ontario, 2075 Bayview Ave, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M4N3M5; Division of General Internal Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, G-151, 2075 Bayview Ave, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M4N3M5; Center for Leading Injury Prevention Practice Education & Research, 2075 Bayview Ave, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M4N3M5. Electronic address: - - 2014
We developed a new research approach, called cross-linked survey analysis, to explore how an acute exposure might lead to changes in survey responses. The goal was to identify associations between exposures and outcomes while reducing some ambiguities related to interpreting cause and effect in survey responses from a population-based community ...
Pilati Ronaldo R Department of Social and Work Psychology, University of Brasilia, Brasilia, - - 2014
The effect of attribution of responsibility on the intention to help is a well-studied effect. The Weiner model of attribution-emotion-help is the main theoretical development to describe the structural relation between these variables. Some research results have suggested that culture influences the relation between model variables. Collectivists tend to show ...
Nöh Katharina K Institute of Bio- and Geosciences, IBG-1: Biotechnology, Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, 52425 Jülich, Germany - - 2014
The precise quantification of intracellular metabolic flow rates is of fundamental importance in bio(techno)logy and medical research. The gold standard in the field is metabolic flux analysis (MFA) with (13)C-labeling experiments. (13)C-MFA workflows orchestrate several, mainly human-in-the-loop software applications, integrating them with plenty of heterogeneous information. In practice, this had ...
Lee Hsiao Ping - - 2014
Signatures are short sequences that are unique and not similar to any other sequence in a databasethat can be used as the basis to identify different species. Even though several signature discoveryalgorithms have been proposed in the past, these algorithms require the entirety of databases to beloaded in the memory, ...
Umulis David M DM Agricultural and Biological Engineering, Weldon School of Biomedical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, 47907, - - 2014
In a Wall Street Journal article published on April 5, 2013, E. O. Wilson attempted to make the case that biologists do not really need to learn any mathematics-whenever they run into difficulty with numerical issues, they can find a technician (aka mathematician) to help them out of their difficulty. ...
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