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 Results 1 - 50 of 1623 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 > 1 Isma'eel Hussain A - - 2013 The unpredictability of acenocoumarol dose needed to achieve target blood thinning level remains a challenge. We aimed to apply and compare a pharmacogenetic least-squares model (LSM) and artificial neural network (ANN) models for predictions of acenocoumarol dosing. LSM and ANN models were used to analyze previously collected data on 174 ... 2 Harris Alex H S - - 2013 This commentary discusses the paper by Hallgren and Witkiewitz (2013) which evaluated 5 methods for addressing missing data in clinical trials of interventions for alcohol use disorders. The authors conclude that commonly used methods (e.g., complete case analysis, single imputation methods) can produce misleading results and that better alternatives exist ... 3 Eekhout Iris - - 2013 Regardless of the proportion of missing values, complete-case analysis is most frequently applied, although advanced techniques such as multiple imputation (MI) are available. The objective of this study was to explore the performance of simple and more advanced methods for handling missing data in cases when some, many, or all ... 4 Imel Zac E - - 2013 Empathy is a critical ingredient in motivational interviewing (MI) and in psychotherapy generally. It is typically defined as the ability to experience and understand the feelings of another. Basic science indicates that empathy is related to the development of synchrony in dyads. However, in clinical research, empathy has proved difficult ... 5 Sun Wanjie - - 2013 In longitudinal studies, a quantitative outcome (such as blood pressure) may be altered during follow-up by the administration of a non-randomized, non-trial intervention (such as anti-hypertensive medication) that may seriously bias the study results. Current methods mainly address this issue for cross-sectional studies. For longitudinal data, the current methods are ... 6 Rendall Michael S - - 2013 Within-survey multiple imputation (MI) methods are adapted to pooled-survey regression estimation where one survey has more regressors, but typically fewer observations, than the other. This adaptation is achieved through: (1) larger numbers of imputations to compensate for the higher fraction of missing values; (2) model-fit statistics to check the assumption ... 7 Li Qizhai - - 2013 A classical approach to combine independent test statistics is Fisher's combination of $p$-values, which follows the $\chi ^2$ distribution. When the test statistics are dependent, the gamma distribution (GD) is commonly used for the Fisher's combination test (FCT). We propose to use two generalizations of the GD: the generalized and ... 8 Héroux Julie - - 2013 Evaluating the impacts of clinical or policy interventions on health care utilization requires addressing methodological challenges for causal inference while also analyzing highly skewed data. We examine the impact of registering with a Family Medicine Group, an integrated primary care model in Quebec, on hospitalization and emergency department visits using ... 9 Friederichs Stijn A H - - 2013 The purpose of this study was to identify which question/reflection format leads to the most favorable results in terms of effect on autonomous motivation and appreciation for the intervention in a web-based computer-tailored physical activity (PA) intervention, based on principles from self-determination theory (SDT) and motivational interviewing (MI). For this ... 10 Orchard Sandra - - 2013 The Human Proteome Organisation Proteomics Standards Initiative (HUPO-PSI) was established in 2002 with the aim of defining community standards for data representation in proteomics and facilitating data comparison, exchange and verification. The 2013 annual spring workshop was hosted by the University of Liverpool, UK and concentrated on updating and refining ... 11 Hsu Wei-Yen - - 2013 In this study, an electroencephalogram (EEG) analysis system combined with feature selection, is proposed to enhance the classification of motor imagery (MI) data. It principally comprises feature extraction, feature selection, and classification. First, several features, including adaptive autoregressive (AAR) parameters, spectral power, asymmetry ratio, coherence and phase-locking value are extracted ... 12 Westra Henny A - - 2013 Motivational interviewing (MI) is a client-centered, albeit directive, method for enhancing intrinsic motivation and strengthening commitment for change through exploring and resolving ambivalence. This article presents the core principles of MI and describes its underlying spirit, which consists of attitudes of collaboration, evocation, and respect for client autonomy. Key process ... 13 Fay Gavin - - 2013 Many species exhibit spatially varying trends in population size and status, often driven by differences among factors affecting individual subpopulations. Estimation and differentiation of such trends may be important for management, and a driving force for monitoring programs. The ability to estimate spatial differences in population trend may depend on ... 14 Shen Yongjun - - 2013 To evaluate the road safety development of a country over time, the percentage change in the number of road fatalities is traditionally the main indicator. However, simply considering the reduction in the road fatalities may not correctly reflect the real improvement in road safety because the transport circumstances of a ... 15 Shen Chung-Wei - - 2013 Longitudinal data often encounter missingness with monotone and/or intermittent missing patterns. Multiple imputation (MI) has been popularly employed for analysis of missing longitudinal data. In particular, the MI-GEE method has been proposed for inference of generalized estimating equations (GEE) when missing data are imputed via MI. However, little is known ... 16 Hsu Wei-Yen - - 2013 In this study, we propose a recognition system for single-trial analysis of motor imagery (MI) electroencephalogram (EEG) data. Applying event-related brain potential (ERP) data acquired from the sensorimotor cortices, the system chiefly consists of automatic artifact elimination, feature extraction, feature selection and classification. In addition to the use of independent ... 17 Gauzere Julie - - 2013 Studies addressing the variation of mating system between plant populations rarely account for the variability of these parameters between individuals within populations, although this variability is often non-negligible. Here, we propose a new direct method based on paternity analyses (Mixed Effect Mating Model) to estimate individual migration (mi ) and ... 18 Li Peiyang - - 2013 Brain computer interfaces (BCI) is one of the most popular branches in biomedical engineering. It aims at constructing a communication between the disabled persons and the auxiliary equipments in order to improve the patients' life. In motor imagery (MI) based BCI, one of the popular feature extraction strategies is Common ... 19 Jolani Shahab - - 2013 Missing values are a practical issue in the analysis of longitudinal data. Multiple imputation (MI) is a well-known likelihood-based method that has optimal properties in terms of efficiency and consistency if the imputation model is correctly specified. Doubly robust (DR) weighing-based methods protect against misspecification bias if one of the ... 20 Gomes Manuel - - 2013 . Multiple imputation (MI) has been proposed for handling missing data in cost-effectiveness analyses (CEAs). In CEAs that use cluster randomized trials (CRTs), the imputation model, like the analysis model, should recognize the hierarchical structure of the data. This paper contrasts a multilevel MI approach that recognizes clustering, with single-level ... 21 Hallgren Kevin A - - 2013 The rate of participant attrition in alcohol clinical trials is often substantial and can cause significant issues with regard to the handling of missing data in statistical analyses of treatment effects. It is common for researchers to assume that missing data is indicative of participant relapse, and under that assumption, ... 22 Little Todd D - - 2013 We provide conceptual introductions to missingness mechanisms-missing completely at random (MCAR), missing at random (MAR), and missing not at random (MNAR)-and state-of-the-art methods of handling missing data-full-information maximum likelihood (FIML) and multiple imputation (MI)-followed by a discussion of planned missing designs: Multiform questionnaire protocols, 2-method measurement models, and wave-missing longitudinal ... 23 Johansson Asa M - - 2013 Multiple imputation (MI) is an approach widely used in statistical analysis of incomplete data. However, its application to missing data problems in nonlinear mixed-effects modelling is limited. The objective was to implement a four-step MI method for handling missing covariate data in NONMEM and to evaluate the method's sensitivity to ... 24 Day Roger S - - 2013 In bioinformatics, we pre-process raw data into a format ready for answering medical and biological questions. A key step in processing is labeling the measured features with the identities of the molecules purportedly assayed: "molecular identification" (MI). Biological meaning comes from identifying these molecular measurements correctly with actual molecular species. ... 25 Kim Hojin - - 2013 Purpose: This study presents an improved technique to further simplify the fluence-map in intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) inverse planning, thereby reducing plan complexity and improving delivery efficiency, while maintaining the plan quality.Methods: First-order total-variation (TV) minimization (min.) based on L1-norm has been proposed to reduce the complexity of fluence-map ... 26 Alvarez-Meza A M - - 2013 Recently, there have been many efforts to develop Brain Computer Interface (BCI) systems, allowing identifying and discriminating brain activity, as well as, support the control of external devices, and to understand cognitive behaviors. In this work, a feature relevance analysis approach based on an eigen decomposition method is proposed to ... 27 Ang Kai Keng - - 2013 Electroencephalogram (EEG) data from performing motor imagery are usually used to calibrate a subject-specific model in Motor Imagery Brain-Computer Interface (MI-BCI). However, the performance of MI is not directly observable by another person. Studies that attempted to address this issue in order to improve subjects with low MI performance had ... 28 Passalacqua Nicholas V - - 2013 Accurately estimating biological sex from the human skeleton can be especially difficult for fragmentary or incomplete remains often encountered in bioarchaeological contexts. Where typical anatomically dimorphic skeletal regions are incomplete or absent, observers often take their best guess to classify biological sex. Latent profile analysis (LPA) is a mixture modeling ... 29 Billinger Martin - - 2013 Objective. Many brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) use band power (BP) changes in the electroencephalogram to distinguish between different motor imagery (MI) patterns. Most current approaches do not take connectivity of separated brain areas into account. Our objective is to introduce single-trial connectivity features and apply these features to BCI data. Approach. ... 30 Nakata Keisuke - - 2013 The local model fitting (LMF) method is a single-shot interferometric surface profiling algorithm that possesses nondestructive, fast, accurate, and robust measurement capabilities. To extend the measurement range of LMF, extensions based on multiwavelength light sources such as the multiwavelength-matched LMF (MM-LMF) method and the multiwavelength-integrated LMF (MI-LMF) method were proposed ... 31 Barrera-Gómez Jose - - 2013 In the context of observational longitudinal studies, we explored the values of the number of participants and the number of repeated measurements that maximize the power to detect the hypothesized effect, given the total cost of the study. We considered two different models, one that assumes a transient effect of ... 32 Rasmussen Daniel - - 2013 The predictive processing framework lacks many of the architectural and implementational details needed to fully investigate or evaluate the ideas it presents. One way to begin to fill in these details is by turning to standard control-theoretic descriptions of these types of systems (e.g., Kalman filters), and by building complex, ... 33 Hodas Natasha - - 2013 Using a case-crossover study design and conditional logistic regression, we compared the relative odds of transmural (full-wall) myocardial infarction (MI) calculated using exposure surrogates that account for human activity patterns and the indoor transport of ambient PM2.5 with those calculated using central-site PM2.5 concentrations to estimate exposure to PM2.5 of ... 34 Simonetti Franco L - - 2013 MISTIC (mutual information server to infer coevolution) is a web server for graphical representation of the information contained within a MSA (multiple sequence alignment) and a complete analysis tool for Mutual Information networks in protein families. The server outputs a graphical visualization of several information-related quantities using a circos representation. ... 35 Banerjee Swati - - 2013 Abstract Myocardial infarction (MI) is a coronary artery disease acquired due to the lack of blood supply in one or more sections of the myocardium, resulting in necrosis in that region. It has different types based on the region of necrosis. In this paper, a statistical approach for classification of ... 36 de Groot Sonja - - 2013 The purpose of this study was to evaluate the validity and reliability of assessing activities, movement intensity (MI) and energy expenditure (EE) measured by accelerometry. 28 Able-bodied participants performed standardized tasks while an accelerometer was worn and oxygen uptake was measured. After uploading the accelerometer data to the manufacturer's website, ... 37 Keogh Ruth H - - 2013 In many large prospective cohorts, expensive exposure measurements cannot be obtained for all individuals. Exposure-disease association studies are therefore often based on nested case-control or case-cohort studies in which complete information is obtained only for sampled individuals. However, in the full cohort, there may be a large amount of information ... 38 Mishra Raghwendra - - 2013 Studies of RBC morphological alterations, despite their potential clinical and experimental application, are compromised due to lack of simple and rapid techniques. As a complementary approach toward quantitative microscopy, we have reconstituted morphological information from light scattering data obtained from flow cytometer. Normal and poikilocytic agent treated samples were analyzed ... 39 Pressler Taylor R - - 2013 Although randomized controlled trials are considered the 'gold standard' for clinical studies, the use of exclusion criteria may impact the external validity of the results. It is unknown whether estimators of effect size are biased by excluding a portion of the target population from enrollment. We propose to use observational ... 40 Assareh Ahmadreza - - 2013 We investigated if a combination of plasma or salivary interleukin-2 (IL-2), interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β), and troponin can improve estimation of the pretest probability of the left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD). Eighty patients with newly-diagnosed myocardial infarction (MI) were echocardiographically examined for LVSD (ejection ... 41 Lu Huanxiang - - 2013 Information theory-based metric such as mutual information (MI) is widely used as similarity measurement for multimodal registration. Nevertheless, this metric may lead to matching ambiguity for non-rigid registration. Moreover, maximization of MI alone does not necessarily produce an optimal solution. In this paper, we propose a segmentation-assisted similarity metric based ... 42 González-Díaz Humberto - - 2013 Reducing costs in terms of time, animal sacrifice, and material resources with computational methods has become a promising goal in Medicinal, Biological, Physical and Organic Chemistry. There are many computational techniques that can be used in this sense. In any case, almost all these methods focus on few fundamental aspects ... 43 Hsu Wei-Yen - - 2013 In this study, grey-based Hopfield neural network (GHNN), is proposed for the unsupervised analysis of motor imagery (MI) electroencephalogram (EEG) data. Combined with segment selection and feature extraction, GHNN is used for the recognition of left and right MI data. A Gaussian-like filter is proposed to reduce noise, to further ... 44 Chen Qixuan - - 2013 Multiple imputation (MI) is a commonly used technique for handling missing data in large-scale medical and public health studies. However, variable selection on multiply-imputed data remains an important and longstanding statistical problem. If a variable selection method is applied to each imputed dataset separately, it may select different variables for ... 45 Xu Lei - - 2013 Membrane systems (P systems) are distributed computing models inspired by living cells where a collection of processors jointly achieves a computing task. The problem of maximal independent set (MIS) selection in a graph is to choose a set of nonadjacent nodes to which no further nodes can be added. In ... 46 Hsu Wei-Yen - - 2013 An electroencephalogram (EEG) analysis system is proposed for single-trial classification of motor imagery (MI) data in this study. Applying event-related brain potential (ERP) data acquired from the sensorimotor cortices, the system mainly consists of enhanced active segment selection, feature extraction, feature selection and classification. In addition to the original use ... 47 Kitto Simon C - - 2013 Minimal attention has been given to the intersection and potential collaboration among the domains of continuing education (CE), knowledge translation (KT), quality improvement (QI), and patient safety (PS), despite their overlapping objectives. A study was undertaken to examine leaders' perspectives of these 4 domains and their relationships to each other. ... 48 Ohsawa Masaki - - 2013 Background: Whether estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) calculated using the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) Study equation (eGFR(CKDEPI)) improves risk prediction compared to that calculated using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) study equation (eGFR(MDRD)) has not been examined in a prospective study in Japanese people. Methods and ... 49 Van der Elst Wim - - 2013 Serial cognitive assessment is conducted to monitor changes in the cognitive abilities of patients over time. At present, mainly the regression-based change and the ANCOVA approaches are used to establish normative data for serial cognitive assessment. These methods are straightforward, but they have some severe drawbacks. For example, they can ... 50 Li Hongyu - - 2013 Edge mis-figure is regarded as one of the most difficult technical issues for manufacturing the segments of extremely large telescopes, which can dominate key aspects of performance. A novel edge-control technique has been developed, based on 'Precessions' polishing technique and for which accurate and stable edge tool influence functions (TIFs) ... 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >