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Tacey David D Melbourne, - - 2014
This two-part essay offers a critical assessment of Hillman's archetypal psychology and enquires into its viability as a psychological model. The first part explores his legacy and reviews the metapsychological frame in which his work operates. It considers the relation between his thought and Jung's, and argues that Hillman's work ...
Lindskog Marcus M a Uppsala University , Uppsala , - - 2014
Abstract People's ability to summarize their knowledge of an observed numerical variable has been extensively studied. However, many real life situations require people to go beyond summary statistics and infer which process or distribution that has generated a sample. The present study investigates the extent to which people can make ...
Kelly Luke T LT ARC Centre of Excellence for Environmental Decisions, School of Botany, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, 3010, - - 2014
Fire is used as a management tool for biodiversity conservation worldwide. A common objective is to avoid population extinctions due to inappropriate fire regimes. However, in many ecosystems, it is unclear what mix of fire histories will achieve this goal. We determined the optimal fire history of a given area ...
Sebok Stefanie S SS Faculty of Education, Queen's University, Kingston, Canada, - - 2014
Examiner effects and content specificity are two well known sources of construct irrelevant variance that present great challenges in performance-based assessments. National medical organizations that are responsible for large-scale performance based assessments experience an additional challenge as they are responsible for administering qualification examinations to physician candidates at several locations ...
Newman George E GE School of Management, Yale - - 2014
This paper examines people's reasoning about identity continuity (i.e., how people decide that a particular object is the same object over time) and its relation to previous research on how people value one-of-a-kind artifacts, such as artwork. We propose that judgments about the continuity of artworks are related to judgments ...
Leane Michael M Bristol-Myers Squibb , Moreton , UK - - 2014
Abstract This paper proposes the development of a drug product Manufacturing Classification System (MCS) based on processing route. It summarizes conclusions from a dedicated APS conference and subsequent discussion within APS focus groups and the MCS working party. The MCS is intended as a tool for pharmaceutical scientists to rank ...
Schurger Aaron A a Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience, Brain Mind Institute, School of Life Sciences , Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne , Lausanne , - - 2014
Abstract Nachev and Hacker are justified in drawing our attention to the importance of conceptual clarity and coherence as these are too often overshadowed by technical sophistication and methodological rigor, which by themselves count for little. But can a process of "conceptual analysis" actually help us to avoid pitfalls, or ...
Eyler Amy A - - 2014
Abstract Purpose . Ciclovía, or Open Streets initiatives, are events where streets are opened for physical activity and closed to motorized traffic. Although the initiatives are gaining popularity in the United States, little is known about planning and implementing them. The goals of this paper are to explore the development ...
Sime Heven - - 2014
The World Health Organization (WHO), international donors and partners have emphasized the importance of integrated control of NTDs. Integrated mapping of NTDs is a first step for integrated planning of programmes, proper resource allocation and monitoring progress of control. Integrated mapping has several advantages over disease specific mapping by reducing ...
Sumner Petroc P a Cardiff University Brain Research Imaging Centre (CUBRIC), School of Psychology , Cardiff University , Cardiff , - - 2014
Abstract When decision outcomes can be predicted above chance from neural activity before participants indicate the decision is made, some claim this must change our concepts of voluntary decision, while others dismiss such data as reflecting small biases from the legacy of previous trials or the participant's pre-decision thoughts. In ...
Amireault Steve S 1 Faculty of Kinesiology & Physical Education, University of - - 2014
Summary.- Lu, Cheng, and Chen (2013 ) faced one of the most common challenges encountered in longitudinal studies: follow-up attrition. Using a correlational prospective design, 464 volunteers completed a questionnaire that measured the constructs of the theory of planned behavior, and subsequently 154 of them provided physical activity data at ...
Bolger Fergus F Department of Management, Durham University Business School, Mill Hill Lane, Durham, DH1 3LB, - - 2014
Good policy making should be based on available scientific knowledge. Sometimes this knowledge is well established through research, but often scientists must simply express their judgment, and this is particularly so in risk scenarios that are characterized by high levels of uncertainty. Usually in such cases, the opinions of several ...
Rafferty Anna N AN Computer Science Department, Carleton - - 2014
Watching another person take actions to complete a goal and making inferences about that person's knowledge is a relatively natural task for people. This ability can be especially important in educational settings, where the inferences can be used for assessment, diagnosing misconceptions, and providing informative feedback. In this paper, we ...
Huang Zhengxing Z College of Biomedical Engineering and Instrument Science of Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China, - - 2014
Compliance checking for clinical pathways (CPs) is getting increasing attention in health-care organizations due to stricter requirements for cost control and treatment excellence. Many compliance measures have been proposed for treatment behavior inspection in CPs. However, most of them look at aggregated data seen from an external perspective, e.g. length ...
Peng Yifan - - 2014
Text mining is increasingly used in the biomedical domain because of its ability to automatically gather information from large amount of scientific articles. One important task in biomedical text mining is relation extraction, which aims to identify designated relations among biological entities reported in literature. A relation extraction system achieving ...
Rios de Souza Vanessa V Science and Technology Inst, Univ. Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri, Diamantina 39100-000, MG, - - 2014
In Brazil, there are numerous blackberry cultivars under cultivation, however, only a few cultivars, such as the Guarani, are displayed/used for processing. In this context the aim of this work was to study the effects of different Brazilian blackberry cultivars (Guarani, Brazos, Comanche, Tupy, Cherokee, Caingangue, and Choctaw) on the ...
Korb Oliver O Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre , 12 Union Road, Cambridge, CB2 1EZ , UK +44 1223 336408 ; +44 1223 336033 ; - - 2014
Introduction: Industrial, as well as academic, drug discovery efforts are usually supported by computational modelling techniques. Many of these techniques, such as virtual high-throughput docking, pharmacophore-based screening of conformer databases and molecular dynamics simulations, are computationally very demanding. Depending on the parallelisation strategy applicable to the respective method, recent technologies ...
Wood Nathan D ND Department of Family Sciences, University of Kentucky, Lexington, - - 2014
The desire to understand relationships is a passion shared by professionals in research, clinical, and educational settings. Questionnaires are frequently used in each of these settings for a multitude of purposes-such as screening, assessment, program evaluation, or establishing therapeutic effectiveness. However, clinical issues arise when a couple's answers on questionnaires ...
Trosvik Pål P Department of Biosciences, Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Synthesis, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, University of Oslo, Oslo, - - 2014
The human gastrointestinal (GI) microbiota is important to human health and imbalances or shifts in the gut microbial community have been linked to many diseases. Most studies of the GI microbiota only capture snapshots of this dynamic community at one or a few time points. Although this is valuable in ...
Beausoleil Nj N a Animal Welfare Science and Bioethics Centre, IVABS , Massey University , Private Bag 11222, Palmerston North , New Zealand - - 2014
Abstract Many pest control activities have the potential to impact negatively on the welfare of animals, and animal welfare is an important consideration in the development, implementation and evaluation of ethically defensible vertebrate pest control. Thus, reliable and accurate methods for assessing welfare impacts are required. The Five Domains model ...
Leslie Matthew S MS Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Dr. Mailcode 0208, La Jolla, CA, 92038, U.S.A.. - - 2014
Cataloging biodiversity is critical to conservation efforts because accurate taxonomy is often a precondition for protection under laws designed for species conservation, such as the U.S. Endangered Species Act (ESA). Traditional nomenclatural codes governing the taxonomic process have recently come under scrutiny because taxon names are more closely linked to ...
Lindner Marcus M European Forest Institute, Yliopistokatu 6, 80100 Joensuu, Finland. Electronic address: - - 2014
The knowledge about potential climate change impacts on forests is continuously expanding and some changes in growth, drought induced mortality and species distribution have been observed. However despite a significant body of research, a knowledge and communication gap exists between scientists and non-scientists as to how climate change impact scenarios ...
Catani Marco M NatBrainLab, Department of Forensic and Neurodevelopmental Sciences, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
In humans, brain connectivity implements a system for language and communication that spans from basic pre-linguistic social abilities shared with non-human primates to syntactic and pragmatic functions particular to our species. The arcuate fasciculus is a central connection in this architecture, linking regions devoted to formal aspects of language with ...
Lewis Sandra Zelman - - 2014
Background:This series of guidance documents on Cough, which will be published over time, is a hybrid of two processes: (1) evidence-based guidelines and (2) trustworthy consensus statements based on a robust and transparent process. Methods:The CHEST Guidelines Oversight Committee selected a non-conflicted Panel Chair and jointly assembled an international panel ...
Lu Hang H a Department of Communication , Cornell - - 2014
This study attempted to examine what factors might motivate Chinese international students, the fastest growing ethnic student group in the United States, to seek and process information about potential health risks from eating American-style food. This goal was accomplished by applying the Risk Information Seeking and Processing (RISP) model to ...
Bellucci Michael A MA Department of Chemical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, - - 2014
We present a new string method for finding the most probable transition pathway and optimal reaction coordinate in complex chemical systems. Our approach evolves an analytic parametric curve, known as a Bézier curve, to the most probable transition path between metastable regions in configuration space. In addition, we demonstrate that ...
van Iterson Maarten M Department of Molecular Epidemiology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands - - 2014
The Illumina 450k array is a frequently used platform for large-scale genome-wide DNA methylation studies, i.e., epigenome-wide association studies (EWAS). Currently, quality control of 450k data can be performed with Illumina's GenomeStudio and is part of a limited number 450k analysis pipelines. However, GenomeStudio cannot handle large-scale studies, existing pipelines ...
Lench Heather C HC Department of Psychology, Texas A&M University, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Desirability bias is the tendency to judge that, all else being equal, positive outcomes are more likely to occur than negative outcomes. The provision of probabilistic information about the likelihood that events will occur is typically viewed as a way to influence judgments by grounding them in objective information. Yet ...
Haugum Mona M Department for Quality and Patient Safety, Norwegian Knowledge Centre for the Health Services, Oslo, - - 2014
An important goal for national and large-scale surveys of user experiences is quality improvement. However, large-scale surveys are normally conducted by a professional external surveyor, creating an institutionalized division between the measurement of user experiences and the quality work that is performed locally. The aim of this study was to ...
Souza Danielle M DM European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Via Enrico Fermi 2749, TP270, I-21027, Ispra, Italy; Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Energy and Technology, Lennart Hjelms väg, 9, Uppsala, - - 2014
Ecosystems are under increasing pressure from human activities, with land use and land use change at the forefront of the drivers that provoke global and regional biodiversity loss. The first step in addressing the challenge of how to reverse the negative outlook for the coming years starts with measuring environmental ...
Ma Chao - - 2014
This paper investigates the consensus problem of multiple Euler-Lagrange systems under directed topology. Unlike the common assumptions on continuous-time information exchanges, a more realistic sampled-data communication strategy is proposed with probabilistic occurrence of time-varying delays. Both of the sampling period and the delays are assumed to be time-varying, which is ...
Xiaonan Wang W Computer Science Department, Changshu Institute of Technology, Jiangsu, Changshu - - 2014
This paper proposes the all-IP WSNs (Wireless sensor networks) for real-time patient monitoring. In this paper, the all-IP WSN architecture based on gateway trees is proposed and the hierarchical address structure is presented. Based on this architecture, the all-IP WSN can perform routing without route discovery. Moreover, a mobile node ...
Lanzola G G Department of Electrical, Computer and Biomedical Engineering, University of Pavia, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The use of surveys is becoming popular in the health care industry for acquiring information useful to the accomplishment of several studies. Besides their exploitation on a large scale for conducting epidemiological studies, surveys are being increasingly carried out on a narrower perspective through the administration of questionnaires aimed at ...
Melvin J M A JM School of Health Sciences, University of Salford, Brian Blatchford Building, PO 34, Salford M6 6PU, England, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Many researchers investigate how footwear design affects plantar pressure (PP) and ask participants to walk in unfamiliar footwear as part of their studies. However, there are no clear guidelines for the required period of time or number of steps a healthy participant requires to acclimatise to unfamiliar footwear. Nor are ...
Scerri Eleanor M L EM PACEA, Université de Bordeaux, Bâtiment B19, Avenue des Facultés, 33405 Talence Cedex, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
The role and significance of the Arabian Peninsula in modern human dispersals out of Africa is currently contentious. While qualitative observations of similarities between Arabian Middle Palaeolithic and African Middle Stone Age (MSA) assemblages have been made, these inferences remain untested and often situated within overly broad dichotomies (e.g., 'Africa' ...
Meng Jianjun - - 2014
High performance of brain-computer interface (BCI) needs efficient algorithms to extract discriminative features from raw electroencephalography (EEG) signals. In this paper, we present a novel scheme to extract spatial spectral features for motor imagery based BCI. The learning task is formulated by maximizing the mutual information between spatial spectral features ...
Hooshmand Elaheh E Department of Health and Management, Faculty of Health, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.AND Department of Health and Management, Health Sciences Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran. - - 2014
Lack of scientific and confirmed researches and expert knowledge about evaluation systems for clinical governance development in Iran have made studies on different Evaluation Systemsfor Clinical Governance Development anecessity. These studies must provide applied strategies to design criteria of implementing Clinical Governance for Hospital's Accreditation. This is a descriptive and ...
Baiocchi Valerio V Department of Civil, Constructional and Environmental Engineering, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy - - 2014
Site selection for waste disposal is a complex task that should meet the requirements of communities and stakeholders. In this article, three decision support methods (Boolean logic, index overlay and fuzzy gamma) are used to perform land suitability analysis for landfill siting. The study was carried out in one of ...
Matzke Lise L 1 University of British Columbia Office of Biobank Education and Research , Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada - - 2014
The question of how best to attribute the unit costs of the annotated biospecimen product that is provided to a research user is a common issue for many biobanks. Some of the factors influencing user fees are capital and operating costs, internal and external demand and market competition, and moral ...
Granero-Gallegos A A 1 Teachers' Center of Cuevas-Olula, Almería, - - 2014
Summary.-The objective of this research was to assess the psychometric properties of the Sport Satisfaction Instrument (SSI) in a Spanish sample of female athletes in team sports federations, to decide whether it constitutes a valid and reliable instrument to be used in the context of female competitive sport in future ...
Zhang Zhiwei Z Division of Biostatistics, Office of Surveillance and Biometrics, Center for Devices and Radiological Health, Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, MA, - - 2014
We consider the problem of estimating the prevalence of a disease under a group testing framework. Because assays are usually imperfect, misclassification of disease status is a major challenge in prevalence estimation. To account for possible misclassification, it is usually assumed that the sensitivity and specificity of the assay are ...
Saraph V V Computer Science and Engineering, University of Notre Dame, IN 46556, USAComputer Science, Brown University, RI 02912, - - 2014
Biological network alignment aims to identify similar regions between networks of different species. Existing methods compute node similarities to rapidly identify from possible alignments the high-scoring alignments with respect to the overall node similarity. But, the accuracy of the alignments is then evaluated with some other measure that is different ...
Wan Jun - - 2014
In this paper, we propose a novel approach called class-specific maximization of mutual information (CSMMI) using a submodular method, which aims at learning a compact and discriminative dictionary for each class. Unlike traditional dictionary-based algorithms, which typically learn a shared dictionary for all of the classes, we unify the intraclass ...
Maciejewski Kristine - - 2014
In order to sustainably conserve biodiversity, many protected areas, particularly private protected areas, must find means of self-financing. Ecotourism is increasingly seen as a mechanism to achieve such financial sustainability. However, there is concern that ecotourism operations are driven to achieve successful game-viewing, influencing the management of charismatic species. An ...
Wills Mary J - - 2014
The amount of data in healthcare is increasing at an astonishing rate. However, in general, the industry has not deployed the level of data management and analysis necessary to make use of those data. As a result, healthcare executives face the risk of being overwhelmed by a flood of unusable ...
Chicha Hakima H Laboratoire de Chimie Organique et Analytique, Université Sultan Moulay Slimane, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques, Béni-Mellal, BP 523, - - 2014
The affiliation address of one of the authors in the paper by Chicha et al. [Acta Cryst. (2014), E70, o624] is corrected.[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1107/S1600536814009283.].
Goossen William T F WT Results4Care B.V., Amersfoort, The - - 2014
This paper will present an overview of the developmental effort in harmonizing clinical knowledge modeling using the Detailed Clinical Models (DCMs), and will explain how it can contribute to the preservation of Electronic Health Records (EHR) data. Clinical knowledge modeling is vital for the management and preservation of EHR and ...
Park Byung-Jung BJ Department of Transportation Engineering, Myongji University, South Korea. Electronic address: - - 2014
The application of finite mixture regression models has recently gained an interest from highway safety researchers because of its considerable potential for addressing unobserved heterogeneity. Finite mixture models assume that the observations of a sample arise from two or more unobserved components with unknown proportions. Both fixed and varying weight ...
Bamdadian Atieh A Institute for Infocomm Research (I(2)R), Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), 1 Fusionopolis Way, #21-01 Connexis, Singapore 138632, Singapore; Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117583, Singapore. Electronic address: - - 2014
One of the main issues in motor imagery-based (MI-based) brain-computer interface (BCI) systems is a large variation in the classification performance of BCI users. However, the exact reason of low performance of some users is still under investigation. Having some prior knowledge about the performance of users may be helpful ...
Reyes Alberto V AV 1] Department of Geoscience, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1215 West Dayton Street, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA [2] School of Geography, Archaeology and Palaeoecology, Queen's University Belfast, Elmwood Avenue, Belfast BT7 1NN, UK [3] Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2E3, Canada (A.V.R); Department of Geosciences, University of Arizona, 1040 East 4th Street, Tucson, Arizona 85721, USA - - 2014
Varying levels of boreal summer insolation and associated Earth system feedbacks led to differing climate and ice-sheet states during late-Quaternary interglaciations. In particular, Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 11 was an exceptionally long interglaciation and potentially had a global mean sea level 6 to 13 metres above the present level around 410,000 to ...
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