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Lundberg Jonas J Associate Professor, Department of Science and Technology, Linköping University, Linköping, - - 2014
In presenting examples from the most extensive and demanding fire in modern Swedish history, this paper describes challenges facing hastily formed networks in exceptional situations. Two concepts that have been used in the analysis of the socio-technical systems that make up a response are conversation space and sensemaking. This paper ...
Pearce Eiluned E Social and Evolutionary Neuroscience Research Group, Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3UD, UK, +441865 271 367, - - 2014
Due to decreasing resource densities, higher latitude hunter-gatherers need to maintain their social networks over greater geographic distances than their equatorial counterparts. This suggests that as latitude increases, the frequency of face-to-face interaction decreases for 'weak tie' relationships in the outer mating pool (~500-strong) and tribal (~1500-strong) layers of a ...
Ulturgasheva Olga O University of Manchester - - 2014
Arctic peoples today find themselves on the front line of rapid environmental change brought about by globalizing forces, shifting climates, and destabilizing physical conditions. The weather is not the only thing undergoing rapid change here. Social climates are intrinsically connected to physical climates, and changes within each have profound effects ...
Miller Kj K Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, University of Tasmania, Private Bag 49, Hobart, Tasmania, 7001, Australia; Australian Institute of Marine Science, The UWA Oceans Institute (M096), 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, WA 6009, - - 2014
Hierarchical sampling and subsequent microsatellite genotyping of >2,300 Haliotis laevigata (greenlip abalone) from 19 locations distributed across five biogeographic regions has substantially advanced our knowledge of population structure and connectivity in this commercially-important species. The study has found key differences in stock structure of H. laevigata compared with the sympatric ...
Tantra Ratna R National Physical Laboratory , Teddington, Middlesex , UK - - 2014
Abstract Regulation for nanomaterials is urgently needed, and the drive to adopt an intelligent testing strategy is evident. Such a strategy will not only provide economic benefits but will also reduce moral and ethical concerns arising from animal testing. For regulatory purposes, such an approach is promoted by REACH, particularly ...
Collins Dave D Institute of Coaching and Performance, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, Lancashire, PR1 2HE, UK, - - 2014
In this paper we examine and challenge the competency-based models which currently dominate accreditation and development systems in sport support disciplines, largely the sciences and coaching. Through consideration of exemplar shortcomings, the limitations of competency-based systems are presented as failing to cater for the complexity of decision making and the ...
Salmon Paul M PM a Faculty of Arts and Business , University of the Sunshine Coast Accident Research (USCAR) , Maroochydore , - - 2014
Collisions between different types of road users at intersections form a substantial component of the road toll. This paper presents an analysis of driver, cyclist, motorcyclist and pedestrian behaviour at intersections that involved the application of an integrated suite of ergonomics methods, the Event Analysis of Systemic Teamwork (EAST) framework, ...
Romano Mia M a Centre for Emotional Health, Department of Psychology , Macquarie University , Sydney , NSW , - - 2014
Abstract Objective: The current study systematically reviews evidence for a causal chain model suggested by Miller and Rose to account for the efficacy of Motivational Interviewing (MI). Method: Literature searches were conducted to identify studies delivering MI in an individual format to treat various problem areas. Results: Thirty-seven studies met ...
Van Neste Leander L Department of Pathology, School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht, The Netherlands, - - 2014
The medical landscape is evolving at a rapid pace, creating the opportunity for more personalized patient treatment and shifting the way healthcare is approached and thought about. With the availability of (epi)genome-wide, transcriptomic and proteogenomic profiling techniques detailed characterization of a disease at the level of the individual is now ...
Mat Kiah M L ML Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology, University of Malaya, 50603, Kuala Lumpur, - - 2014
One of the applications of modern technology in telemedicine is video conferencing. An alternative to traveling to attend a conference or meeting, video conferencing is becoming increasingly popular among hospitals. By using this technology, doctors can help patients who are unable to physically visit hospitals. Video conferencing particularly benefits patients ...
Thuiller Wilfried W Univ. Grenoble Alpes, Laboratoire d'Écologie Alpine (LECA), F-38000, Grenoble, France; CNRS, Laboratoire d'Écologie Alpine (LECA), F-38000, Grenoble, - - 2014
Climate is changing at an unprecedented rate, resulting in early signs of biodiversity loss and community reshuffling throughout the globe (Bertrand et al., 2011, Parmesan, 2006). Considering the irreversibility of species extinction and the social and political needs for risk assessments, scientists have tried to extrapolate the likely effects of forecasted ...
Portouli Evangelia E a Sector of Industrial Management and Operations Research, School of Mechanical Engineering, Ergonomics Unit , National Technical University of Athens , Zografou , - - 2014
Social interactions with other road users are an essential component of the driving activity and may prove critical in view of future automation systems; still up to now they have received only limited attention in the scientific literature. In this paper, it is argued that drivers base their anticipations about ...
Zhang Huaguang - - 2014
In this paper, the inverse optimal approach is employed to design distributed consensus protocols that guarantee consensus and global optimality with respect to some quadratic performance indexes for identical linear systems on a directed graph. The inverse optimal theory is developed by introducing the notion of partial stability. As a ...
Massei Gianluca G Dept. of Agricultural, Environmental and Food Sciences, University of Perugia, Borgo XX Giugno, 74, 06121 Perugia, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Dealing with spatial decision problems means combining and transforming geographical data (input) into a resultant decision (output), interfacing a Geographical Information System (GIS) with Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) methods. The conventional MCDA approach assumes the spatial homogeneity of alternatives within the case study area, although it is often unrealistic. On ...
Laomettachit Teeraphan T Bioinformatics and Systems Biology Program, School of Bioresources and Technology, King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi (Bang Khun Thian Campus), Bangkok 10150, Thailand; Systems Biology and Bioinformatics Research Group, King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi (Bang Khun Thian Campus), Bangkok 10150, Thailand. Electronic address: - - 2014
In the nest-site selection process of honeybee swarms, an individual bee performs a waggle dance to communicate information about direction, quality, and distance of a discovered site to other bees at the swarm. Initially, different groups of bees dance to represent different potential sites, but eventually the swarm usually reaches ...
Yoo Hyung Chol - - 2014
There is limited research examining psychological correlates of a uniquely racialized experience of the model minority stereotype faced by Asian Americans. The present study examined the factor structure and fit of the only published measure of the internalization of the model minority myth, the Internalization of the Model Minority Myth ...
Koch Anna R - - 2014
This multisource, multilevel study examined the importance of supervisors as work-life-friendly role models for employees' boundary management. Particularly, we tested whether supervisors' work-home segmentation behavior represents work-life-friendly role modeling for their employees. Furthermore, we tested whether work-life-friendly role modeling is positively related to employees' work-home segmentation behavior. Also, we examined ...
Wolkovich E M EM Arnold Arboretum, Boston, Massachusetts, USA; Organismic & Evolutionary Biology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA; Biodiversity Research Centre, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, - - 2014
Two fundamental axes - space and time - shape ecological systems. Over the last 30 years spatial ecology has developed as an integrative, multidisciplinary science that has improved our understanding of the ecological consequences of habitat fragmentation and loss. We argue that accelerating climate change - the effective manipulation of time ...
Runnacles Jane J Department of Paediatrics, Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust, London, - - 2014
Simulation is an important educational tool to improve medical training and patient safety. Debriefing after simulation is crucial to maximise learning and to translate the lessons learnt to improve real clinical performance, and thus to reduce medical error. Currently there are few tools to improve performance debriefing and learning after ...
Tamir Maya - - 2014
According to expectancy-value models of self-regulation, people are motivated to act in ways they expect to be useful to them. For instance, people are motivated to run when they believe running is useful, even when they have nothing to run away from. Similarly, we propose an expectancy-value model of emotion ...
Zhang Hui H Faculty of Business Administration, Lakehead University, Thunder Bay, ON, P7B 5E1, Canada, - - 2014
Unapproved or "off-label" uses of prescription drugs are quite common. The extent of this use may be influenced by the promotional efforts of manufacturers. This paper investigates how a manufacturer makes promotional decisions in the presence of a price-volume agreement. We developed an optimization model in which the manufacturer maximizes ...
Briggs R J RJ Eurofins, Abingdon, UK, - - 2014
This paper presents the recommendations of the Global Bioanalytical Consortium Harmonization Team on method transfer, partial validation, and cross validation. These aspects of bioanalytical method validation, while important, have received little detailed attention in recent years. The team has attempted to define, separate, and describe these related activities, and present ...
Chen Nancy N Cornell University - - 2014
Restriction site-associated DNA sequencing or genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS) approaches allow for rapid and cost-effective discovery and genotyping of thousands of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in multiple individuals. However, rigorous quality control practices are needed to avoid high levels of error and bias with these reduced representation methods. We developed a formal ...
Martinez Ruben G - - 2014
BackgroundLike many new fields, implementation science has become vulnerable to instrumentation issues that potentially threaten the strength of the developing knowledge base. For instance, many implementation studies report findings based on instruments that do not have established psychometric properties. This article aims to review six pressing instrumentation issues, discuss the ...
Stolper C F CF Department of General Practice, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, CAPHRI School for Public Health and Primary Care, Maastricht University, P.O. Box 616, 6200 MD, Maastricht, The Netherlands, - - 2014
Diagnostic reasoning is considered to be based on the interaction between analytical and non-analytical cognitive processes. Gut feelings, a specific form of non-analytical reasoning, play a substantial role in diagnostic reasoning by general practitioners (GPs) and may activate analytical reasoning. In GP traineeships in the Netherlands, trainees mostly see patients ...
Wallace Rodrick R Division of Epidemiology, New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY, USA, - - 2014
A famous argument by Maturana and Varela (Autopoiesis and cognition. Reidel, Dordrecht, 1980) holds that the living state is cognitive at every scale and level of organization. Since it is possible to associate many cognitive processes with 'dual' information sources, pathologies can sometimes be addressed using statistical models based on ...
Morabia Alfredo - - 2014
In this issue of the Journal, Keyes and Galea (Am J Epidemiol. 2014;000(00):000-000) propose "7 foundational steps" for introducing epidemiologic methods and concepts to beginners. Keyes and Galea's credo is that the methododological and conceptual components that comprise epidemiology, today scattered in textbook chapters, come together as an integrated and ...
Zhu Hengshu - - 2014
The popularity information in App stores, such as chart rankings, user ratings, and user reviews, provides an unprecedented opportunity to understand user experiences with mobile Apps, learn the process of adoption of mobile Apps, and thus enables better mobile App services. While the importance of popularity information is well recognized ...
McIlwain Sean - - 2014
A Thermo Fusion mass spectrometer produces >24 GB of compressed data per day. Keeping pace with such a machine requires balancing three competing needs: analysis software must be robust, ensuring that the program executes successfully and that the results are valid, efficient to keep pace with the rapid rate of ...
Göçmen Z Aslıgül ZA Department of Urban and Regional Planning, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 925 Bascom Mall, Madison, WI, 53706, USA, - - 2014
Insight into land developers' perspectives on alternative residential developments and the barriers they experience in trying to develop them can be crucial in efforts to change environmentally damaging low-density, large-lot, and automobile-dependent residential patterns. Using a semi-structured interview instrument followed by short surveys, I examined the views of 16 developers ...
Westermaier Yvonne Y School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Geneva, University of Lausanne, 1211 Geneva 4, Switzerland; Computational Biology & Drug Design Group, Departament de Fisicoquímica, Facultat de Farmàcia, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; Institut de Biomedicina de la Universitat de Barcelona (IBUB), Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
In silico screening both in the forward (traditional virtual screening) and reverse sense (inverse virtual screening (IVS)) are helpful techniques for interlacing the chemical universe of small molecules with the proteome. The former, which is using a protein structure and large chemical databases, is well-known by the scientific community. We ...
Tacey David D Melbourne, - - 2014
This two-part essay offers a critical assessment of Hillman's archetypal psychology and enquires into its viability as a psychological model. The first part explores his legacy and reviews the metapsychological frame in which his work operates. It considers the relation between his thought and Jung's, and argues that Hillman's work ...
Voutilainen Ari A Ari Voutilainen, PhD, RN, EMT, is Researcher; and Tarja Kvist, PhD, RN, is University Researcher, Department of Nursing Science, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio. Paula R. Sherwood, PhD, RN, CNRN, FAAN, is Professor and Vice Chair of Research, School of Nursing, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Katri Vehviläinen-Julkunen, PhD, RN, RM, is Professor, Department of Nursing Science, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, and Chief Nursing Officer, Kuopio University Hospital, - - 2014
To some extent, results always depend on the methods used, and the complete picture of the phenomenon of interest can be drawn only by combining results of different data processing techniques. This emphasizes the use of a wide arsenal of methods for processing and analyzing patient satisfaction surveys. The purpose ...
Seagull F Jacob FJ Department of Learning Health Sciences, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI. Electronic address: - - 2014
Simulation-based education (SBE) has advanced greatly in surgery the past decade, partly through development of validated performance measurement. Standard measures are commonly used to evaluate performance (eg, Objective Structured Assessment of Technical Skills, Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery, Global Operative Assessment of Laparoscopic Skills [GOALS]). However, subjective measures are necessary for ...
Gürsoy Dogˇa D Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, IL 60439-4837, - - 2014
Analysis of tomographic datasets at synchrotron light sources (including X-ray transmission tomography, X-ray fluorescence microscopy and X-ray diffraction tomography) is becoming progressively more challenging due to the increasing data acquisition rates that new technologies in X-ray sources and detectors enable. The next generation of synchrotron facilities that are currently under ...
Suri Gaurav - - 2014
To encourage an increase in daily activity, researchers have tried a variety of health-related communications, but with mixed results. In the present research-using the stair escalator choice context-we examined predictions derived from the Heuristic Systematic Model (HSM), Self Determination Theory (SDT), and related theories. Specifically, we tested whether (as predicted ...
Jones Rachel E - - 2014
There is considerable evidence that understanding reasons for using substances is important for understanding patterns of use and related consequences as well as for developing assessment and intervention strategies. Despite increases in prescription opioid use and related problems (e.g., overdose deaths), a comprehensive measure of prescription opioid motives has yet ...
Thall Peter F PF Department of Biostatistics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA - - 2014
The efficacy-toxicity trade-off based design is a practical Bayesian phase I-II dose-finding methodology. Because the design's performance is very sensitive to prior hyperparameters and the shape of the target trade-off contour, specifying these two design elements properly is essential. The goals are to provide a method that uses elicited mean ...
Kristiansen Annette - - 2014
Adaptation of guidelines for use at the national or local level can facilitate their implementation. We developed and evaluated an adaptation process in adherence with standards for trustworthy guidelines and the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) methodology, aiming for efficiency and transparency. This article is the first ...
Molnar Michael - - 2014
Next-generation sequencing technologies revolutionized the ways in which genetic information is obtained and have opened the door for many essential applications in biomedical sciences. Hundreds of gigabytes of data are being produced, and all applications are affected by the errors in the data. Many programs have been designed to correct ...
Colvenkar Shreya S SS Department of Prosthodontics, MNR Dental College and Hospital, Sangareddy, Andhra Pradesh, - - 2014
Denture labeling is of vital significance in social and forensic scenario. Numerous published work have attempted to present best method for denture marking, however not all satisfy crucial requirement either in terms of cost or storage of large amount of information. Hence, this paper describes a simple, cheap, and feasible ...
- - 2014
Emergency department (ED) attendances are, by their nature, unplanned. But if staff can predict the number of people likely to attend over the months ahead, they can make plans to mitigate overcrowding.
Diaconescu Andreea O AO Translational Neuromodeling Unit (TNU), Institute for Biomedical Engineering, University of Zurich and ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland; Laboratory for Social and Neural Systems Research, Department of Economics, University of Zurich, Zurich, - - 2014
Inferring on others' (potentially time-varying) intentions is a fundamental problem during many social transactions. To investigate the underlying mechanisms, we applied computational modeling to behavioral data from an economic game in which 16 pairs of volunteers (randomly assigned to "player" or "adviser" roles) interacted. The player performed a probabilistic reinforcement ...
Farine Damien R DR Edward Grey Institute of Field Ornithology, Department of Zoology, Oxford, U.K. ; Department of Anthropology, University of California Davis, Davis, CA, U.S.A. ; Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Ancon, - - 2014
Associations in mixed-species foraging groups are common in animals, yet have rarely been explored in the context of collective behaviour. Despite many investigations into the social and ecological conditions under which individuals should form groups, we still know little about the specific behavioural rules that individuals adopt in these contexts, ...
Gong Xin X Columbia - - 2014
This article draws upon the literature showing the benefits of high-quality preschools on child well-being to explore the role of household income on preschool attendance for a cohort of 3- to 6-year-olds in China using data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey, 1991-2006. Analyses are conducted separately for rural ...
Baake M M Department of Mathematics, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, - - 2014
This paper explores the radial projection method for locally finite planar point sets and provides numerical examples for different types of order. The main question is whether the method is suitable to analyse order in a quantitative way. The findings indicate that the answer is affirmative. In this context, local ...
Uddin Kabir K International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, GPO Box 3226, Kathmandu, Nepal. Electronic address: - - 2014
Land cover and its change analysis across the Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) region is realized as an urgent need to support diverse issues of environmental conservation. This study presents the first and most complete national land cover database of Nepal prepared using public domain Landsat TM data of 2010 and ...
Harvey Matthew - - 2014
We discuss the concept of recasting the data-rich scientific journal article into two components, a narrative and separate data components, each of which is assigned a persistent digital object identifier. Doing so allows each of these components to exist in an environment optimised for purpose. We make use of a ...
de Hon Olivier O Anti-Doping Authority The Netherlands, P.O. Box 5000, 2900 EA, Capelle aan den IJssel, The Netherlands, - - 2014
The prevalence of doping in elite sports is relevant for all those involved in sports, particularly for evaluating anti-doping policy measures. Remarkably, few scientific articles have addressed this subject so far, and the last review dates back to 1997. As a consequence, the true prevalence of doping in elite sports ...
Mehralian Gholamhossein G Department of Pharmacoeconomics and Pharma Management, School of Pharmacy, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Vali-e Asr Ave., Niayesh Junction, Tehran, Iran, - - 2014
Objective The concept of pharmaceutical care (PhC) has been popular in pharmacy during past decades. However, in some countries, including Iran, it does not seem to mature. Aim of the study To identify and prioritize barriers to the provision of PhC in Iranian community pharmacies, based on the perceptions of ...
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