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Arcaute Elsa E Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis (CASA), University College London, London, UK - - 2015
Cities can be characterized and modelled through different urban measures. Consistency within these observables is crucial in order to advance towards a science of cities. Bettencourt et al. have proposed that many of these urban measures can be predicted through universal scaling laws. We develop a framework to consistently define ...
Cao Houwei H Department of Radiology, Section of Biomedical Image Analysis, University of Pennsylvania, 3600 Market street, Suite 380, Philadelpia, PA - - 2015
In this article we investigate what representations of acoustics and word usage are most suitable for predicting dimensions of affect|AROUSAL, VALANCE, POWER and EXPECTANCY|in spontaneous interactions. Our experiments are based on the AVEC 2012 challenge dataset. For lexical representations, we compare corpus-independent features based on psychological word norms of emotional ...
Cairns David A DA Section of Oncology and Clinical Research, Leeds Institute of Cancer and Pathology, St. James's University Hospital, Beckett Street, Leeds, LS9 7TF, UK, - - 2015
The statistical design of a clinical proteomics experiment is a critical part of well-undertaken investigation. Standard concepts from experimental design such as randomization, replication and blocking should be applied in all experiments, and this is possible when the experimental conditions are well understood by the investigator. The large number of ...
Harb Omar S OS Department of Biology, University of Pennsylvania, 415 S. University Ave., Philadelphia, PA, 19104-6018, USA, - - 2015
Over the past 20 years, advances in high-throughput biological techniques and the availability of computational resources including fast Internet access have resulted in an explosion of large genome-scale data sets "big data." While such data are readily available for download and personal use and analysis from a variety of repositories, ...
Geverts Bart B Department of Pathology, Josephine Nefkens Institute, Erasmus Optical Imaging Centre, Erasmus MC, Postbus 2040, Rotterdam, 3000 CA, The - - 2015
We present a Monte Carlo simulation environment for modelling complex biological molecular interaction networks and for the design, validation, and quantitative analysis of FRAP assays to study these. The program is straightforward in its implementation and can be instructed through an intuitive script language. The simulation tool fits very well ...
Exarchos Themis P TP Institute of Communication and Computer Systems, National Technical University of Athens, Athens, Greece, - - 2015
In this work, we present the concept, the methodological ideas and the architecture of the EMBALANCE platform. EMBALANCE platform extends existing but generic and currently uncoupled balance modeling activities, leading to a multi-scale and patient-specific balance Hypermodel, which is incorporated to a Decision Support System (DSS), towards the early diagnosis, ...
Welles Elizabeth G EG Department of Pathobiology, Auburn University, 171 Greene Hall, Auburn, AL 36849-5519, USA. Electronic address: - - 2015
The decision to purchase an in-office hematology instrument is typically based on the desire to have immediate access to complete blood count (CBC) data for disease diagnosis and follow-up and perhaps add to the financial bottom line of your practice. The decision regarding which in-office hematology instrument to purchase requires ...
Getis Arthur A Emeritus Professor of Geography, San Diego State - - 2015
Large numbers of people are currently migrating from the poor, inland areas of West Coast Africa to the major cities of Lagos, Accra, Abidjan, and other budding metropolises (Figures 1 and 2). The infrastructure of the Sub-Saharan African cities is inadequate to service their burgeoning populations. An argument is presented ...
Hughes James J - - 2015
Some of the debates around the concept of moral enhancement have focused on whether the improvement of a single trait, such as empathy or intelligence, would be a good in general, or in all circumstances. All virtue theories, however, both secular and religious, have articulated multiple virtues that temper and ...
Agar Nicholas - - 2015
This article challenges recent calls for moral bioenhancement-the use of biomedical means, including pharmacological and genetic methods, to increase the moral value of our actions or characters. It responds to those who take a practical interest in moral bioenhancement. I argue that moral bioenhancement is unlikely to be a good ...
Douglas Thomas - - 2015
Many critics of bioenhancement go to considerable lengths to establish the existence of reasons against pursuing bioenhancements but do little to establish the absence of reasons in favor. This suggests that they accept what Allen Buchanan has called the conclusive reasons view (CRV). According to this view, our reasons against ...
Edwards Howell G M HG Department of Physics and Astronomy, Centre for Astrobiology and Extremophiles Research, Space Research Centre, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 7RH, UK - - 2014
The remote robotic exploration of extraterrestrial scenarios for evidence of biological colonization in 'search for life' missions using Raman spectroscopy is critically dependent on two major factors: firstly, the Raman spectral recognition of characteristic biochemical spectral signatures in the presence of mineral matrix features; and secondly, the positive unambiguous identification ...
Aarons Gregory A - - 2014
BackgroundThis study examines sustainment of an EBI implemented in 11 United States service systems across two states and delivered in 87 counties. The aims are to 1) determine the impact of state and county policies and contracting on EBI provision and sustainment; 2) investigate the role of public, private, and ...
Heylen Joke J Research Group of Methodology of Educational Sciences, University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, 3000 , Leuven, Belgium, - - 2014
Quite a few studies in the behavioral sciences result in hierarchical time profile data, with a number of time profiles being measured for each person under study. Associated research questions often focus on individual differences in profile repertoire, that is, differences between persons in the number and the nature of ...
Buss Daniel F DF Laboratório de Avaliação e Promoção da Saúde Ambiental, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil, - - 2015
Water quality agencies and scientists are increasingly adopting standardized sampling methodologies because of the challenges associated with interpreting data derived from dissimilar protocols. Here, we compare 13 protocols for monitoring streams from different regions and countries around the globe. Despite the spatially diverse range of countries assessed, many aspects of ...
Formazin Maren - - 2014
In most countries in the EU, national surveys are used to monitor working conditions and health. Since the development processes behind the various surveys are not necessarily theoretical, but certainly practical and political, the extent of similarity among the dimensions covered in these surveys has been unclear. Another interesting question ...
Pinkston Kevin K a The University of - - 2014
Abstract This study replicates and extends the experimental design originated by Dasgupta and Greenwald (2001) who found a decrease in implicit pro-White biases after exposure to pictures of admired Black individuals. A nationally representative sample was analyzed comparing implicit pro-White biases among Black and White participants. Hypothesis 1 predicted a ...
Krypotos Angelos-Miltiadis AM a Department of Clinical Psychology , University of Amsterdam , Amsterdam , the - - 2014
Common methods for analysing response time (RT) tasks, frequently used across different disciplines of psychology, suffer from a number of limitations such as the failure to directly measure the underlying latent processes of interest and the inability to take into account the uncertainty associated with each individual's point estimate of ...
Lehtola Susi S Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, P. O. Box 64, FI-00014 University of Helsinki, Finland; Department of Applied Physics, COMP Center of Excellence, P. O. Box 11100, FI-00076, Aalto, - - 2014
We present the generic, object-oriented C++ implementation of the completeness-optimization approach (Manninen and Vaara, J. Comput. Chem. 2006, 27, 434) in the freely available ERKALE program, and recommend the addition of basis set stability scans to the completeness-optimization procedure. The design of the algorithms is independent of the studied property, ...
Samish Ilan I Department of Plant Sciences, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, 76100, Israel, Ort Braude College, Karmiel, 2161002, Israel, Office of the Director, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA and Department of Biochemistry, University of Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, J1H 5N4, Canada Department of Plant Sciences, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, 76100, Israel, Ort Braude College, Karmiel, 2161002, Israel, Office of the Director, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA and Department of Biochemistry, University of Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, J1H 5N4, - - 2014
The field of structural bioinformatics and computational biophysics has undergone a revolution in the last 10 years. Developments that are captured annually through the 3DSIG meeting, upon which this article reflects. An increase in the accessible data, computational resources and methodology has resulted in an increase in the size and ...
Zhang Pan P Santa Fe Institute, Santa Fe, NM - - 2014
Modularity is a popular measure of community structure. However, maximizing the modularity can lead to many competing partitions, with almost the same modularity, that are poorly correlated with each other. It can also produce illusory ''communities'' in random graphs where none exist. We address this problem by using the modularity ...
Drinane Joanna M JM a Department of Counseling Psychology , University of Denver , Denver , CO , - - 2014
Abstract The current study examined the validity of the client-rated version of the Cross-Cultural Counseling Inventory-Revised (CCCI-R). The first phase of this study involved a content validation of the CCCI-R by experts who had publications in the fields of multicultural competencies (MCCs) and psychotherapy research. Of the 20 items on ...
Shafer Aaron B A AB Department of Evolutionary Biology, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala, Sweden, SE, - - 2014
Approximate Bayesian Computation (ABC) is a powerful tool for model-based inference of demographic population histories from large genetic data sets. For most organisms its implementation has been hampered by the lack of sufficient genetic data. Genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS) provides cheap genome-scale data to fill this gap, but its potential has not ...
Alanazi H O HO Faculty of Computer Science and Information System, University of Technology Malaysia, 81310, Skudai, Johor, - - 2015
This study has two objectives. First, it aims to develop a system with a highly secured approach to transmitting electronic medical records (EMRs), and second, it aims to identify entities that transmit private patient information without permission. The NTRU and the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) cryptosystems are secured encryption methods. ...
Jordan H H Centre for Health Policy, Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Vic., - - 2014
Governments are routinely involved in the biosecurity of agricultural and food imports and exports. This involves controlling the complex ongoing threat of the broad range of zoonoses: endemic, exotic and newly emerging. Policy-related decision-making in these areas requires accurate information and predictions concerning the effects and potential impacts of zoonotic ...
Lira-Noriega Andrés A Biodiversity Institute, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS, 66045, USA, - - 2014
At a global level, the relationship between biodiversity importance and capacity to manage it is often assumed to be negative, without much differentiation among the more than 200 countries and territories of the world. We examine this relationship using a database including terrestrial biodiversity, wealth and governance indicators for most ...
Mesuere Bart B Department of Applied Mathematics, Computer Science and Statistics, Faculty of Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, - - 2014
Unipept, available at http://unipept.ugent.be, is a web application that offers a user friendly way to explore the biodiversity of complex metaproteome samples by providing interactive visualizations. In this article, the updates and changes to Unipept since its initial release are presented. This includes the addition of interactive sunburst and treeview ...
Baig Mirza Mansoor MM Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, School of Engineering, Auckland University of Technology, Private Bag 92006, Auckland, 1142, New Zealand, - - 2014
Mobile phones are becoming increasingly important in monitoring and delivery of healthcare interventions. They are often considered as pocket computers, due to their advanced computing features, enhanced preferences and diverse capabilities. Their sophisticated sensors and complex software applications make the mobile healthcare (m-health) based applications more feasible and innovative. In ...
Putora Paul - - 2014
BackgroundConsensus-based approaches provide an alternative to evidence-based decision making, especially in situations where high-level evidence is limited. Our aim was to demonstrate a novel source of information, objective consensus based on recommendations in decision tree format from multiple sources.MethodsBased on nine sample recommendations in decision tree format a representative analysis ...
Apfelbaum Keith S KS Department of Psychology, Ohio State University, Psychology Building, 1835 Neil Ave, Columbus, OH, 43210, USA, - - 2014
Traditional studies of human categorization often treat the processes of encoding features and cues as peripheral to the question of how stimuli are categorized. However, in domains where the features and cues are less transparent, how information is encoded prior to categorization may constrain our understanding of the architecture of ...
Cho Gyoun-Yon GY Health Science Institute, Korea University, San-1 Jeongneung-dong, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul, 136-703, Republic of - - 2015
Recent medical information systems are striving towards real-time monitoring models to care patients anytime and anywhere through ECG signals. However, there are several limitations such as data distortion and limited bandwidth in wireless communications. In order to overcome such limitations, this research focuses on compression. Few researches have been made ...
Moser Frank F Department of Chemistry, University of Ferrara, Via Luigi Borsari, 46, 44121, Ferrara, Italy, - - 2014
In the past decade, research on innovative business models to manage the risk of chemical substances has sought to provide solutions to achieve the goals of the World Summit on Sustainable Development of 2002, which called for a renewal of the commitment to the sound management of chemicals and of ...
Mori Akira S AS Graduate School of Environment and Information Sciences, Yokohama National University, 79-7 Tokiwadai, Hodogaya, Yokohama, 240-8501, Japan, - - 2014
Various local processes simultaneously shape ecological assemblages. β-diversity is a useful metric for inferring the underlying mechanisms of community assembly. However, β-diversity is not independent of γ-diversity, which may mask the local mechanisms that govern community processes across regions. Recent approaches that rely on an abundance-based null model could solve ...
Mazzaferri Javier J Centre de Recherche de l'Hôpital Maisonneuve-Rosemont, Montréal, Canada H1T 2M4 - - 2014
The performance of the Single Particle Tracking (SPT) nearest-neighbor algorithm is determined by parameters that need to be set according to the characteristics of the time series under study. Inhomogeneous systems, where these characteristics fluctuate spatially, are poorly tracked when parameters are set globally. We present a novel SPT approach ...
Liu Weiwei - - 2014
In social networks, nodes (or users) interested in specific topics are often influenced by others. The influence is usually associated with a set of nodes rather than a single one. An interesting but challenging task for any given topic and node is to find the set of nodes that represents ...
Huang Qinghua - - 2014
Technical analysis with numerous indicators and patterns has been regarded as important evidence for making trading decisions in financial markets. However, it is extremely difficult for investors to find useful trading rules based on numerous technical indicators. This paper innovatively proposes the use of biclustering mining to discover effective technical ...
Sabattini Lorenzo - - 2014
In order to accomplish cooperative tasks, decentralized systems are required to communicate among each other. Thus, maintaining the connectivity of the communication graph is a fundamental issue. Connectivity maintenance has been extensively studied in the last few years, but generally considering undirected communication graphs. In this paper, we introduce a ...
Zwierzyna Magdalena M B-IT, LIMES Program Unit Chemical Biology and Medicinal Chemistry, Department of Life Science Informatics, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität, Dahlmannstr. 2, 53113, Bonn, - - 2014
Chemical Space Networks (CSNs) are generated for different compound data sets on the basis of pairwise similarity relationships. Such networks are thought to complement and further extend traditional coordinate-based views of chemical space. Our proof-of-concept study focuses on CSNs based upon fingerprint similarity relationships calculated using the conventional Tanimoto similarity ...
Kadane Joseph B JB Department of Statistics, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, 15213, USA, - - 2014
Bayesian statistics represents a paradigm shift in statistical reasoning and an approach to analysis that is applicable to prevention trials with small samples. This paper introduces the reader to the philosophy behind Bayesian statistics. This introduction is followed by a review of some issues that arise in sampling statistics and ...
Habbema J Dik F - - 2014
Clinical practice guidelines should be based on the best scientific evidence derived from systematic reviews of primary research. However, these studies often do not provide evidence needed by guideline development groups to evaluate the tradeoffs between benefits and harms. In this article, the authors identify 4 areas where models can ...
Knoll Benjamin R BR 1 Centre - - 2014
Summary.- Ommundsen, Larsen, van der Veer, and Eilertsen (2014 ) presented evidence that varying how immigrants are described in surveys can lead to differences in how respondents to those surveys change their self-reported orientations toward those immigrants and immigration policy. We argue that the apparent conflict between their findings and ...
Dolin R H RH Robert H Dolin, MD, 1368 N Stallion St Orange, CA 92869, USA, E-mail: - - 2014
Objectives: Describe how the HL7 Clinical Document Architecture (CDA), a foundational standard in US Meaningful Use, contributes to a "big data, incrementally structured" interoperability strategy, whereby data structured incrementally gets large amounts of data flowing faster. We present cases showing how this approach is leveraged for big data analysis. Methods: ...
Wei Ling - - 2014
As an important tool for data analysis and knowledge processing, formal concept analysis has been applied to many fields. Currently, granular computing (GrC) provides a novel approach for data analysis. In this paper, pictorial diagrams of a formal context are first defined based on equivalence relations. And then, from the ...
Akce Abdullah - - 2014
This paper presents a brain-computer interface for text entry using steady-state visually evoked potentials (SSVEP). Like other SSVEP-based spellers, ours identifies the desired input character by posing questions (or queries) to users through a visual interface. Each query defines a mapping from possible characters to steady-state stimuli. The user responds ...
Ekström Andreas A Department of Clinical Science and Education, Södersjukhuset, Section of Emergency Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Emergency Medicine, Södersjukhuset, Stockholm, - - 2014
Using Internet data to forecast emergency department (ED) visits might enable a model that reflects behavioral trends and thereby be a valid tool for health care providers with which to allocate resources and prevent crowding. The aim of this study is to investigate whether Web site visits to a regional ...
VAN Cao Nguyen N Institute of Oceanography, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, Hanoi, - - 2014
Conservation of sea snakes is virtually nonexistent in Asia, and its role in human-snake interactions in terms of catch, trade, and snakebites as an occupational hazard is mostly unexplored. We collected data on sea snake landings from the Gulf of Thailand, a hotspot for sea snake harvest by squid fishers ...
Martínez-González M Covadonga MC Department of Dermatology, Private Consultant, Oviedo, Asturias, - - 2014
In recent years, there has been a great development of esthetic dermatology as a subspecialty of dermatology. It is important to know to which extent the general population regard this branch of medical surgical specialty as being of interest and contributing to emotional well-being. To analyze the technical features of ...
Addison Paul S PS From the Respiratory and Monitoring Solutions, Covidien, The Technopole Centre, Edinburgh, Scotland, United - - 2014
ΔPOP is a physiological parameter derived from the respiration-induced change in the pulse oximetry plethysmographic (POP) waveform or "pleth." It has been proposed as a proxy for pulse pressure variation used in the determination of the response to intravascular volume expansion in hypovolemic patients. Many studies have now reported on ...
Knorr Mirjana M University Medical Centre Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, - - 2014
Increasing numbers of educational institutions in the medical field choose to replace their conventional admissions interviews with a multiple mini-interview (MMI) format because the latter has superior reliability values and reduces interviewer bias. As the MMI format can be adapted to the conditions of each institution, the question of under ...
Nguyen Quoc Dinh QD Division of Geriatrics, Department of Medicine, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
Although reflection is considered a significant component of medical education and practice, the literature does not provide a consensual definition or model for it. Because reflection has taken on multiple meanings, it remains difficult to operationalise. A standard definition and model are needed to improve the development of practical applications ...
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