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Martínez-Sánchez Juan A JA Armada. Centro de Psicología de San - - 2014
Background: Spain was one of the first countries to recognize the importance of psychological aspects in the planning and development of international military operations, and also to include military psychologists in contingents deployed abroad. Method: This paper describes the psychological intervention model used by Spanish military psychologists involved in military ...
Brenner Stephan - - 2014
In this article we present a study design to evaluate the causal impact of providing supply-side performance-based financing incentives in combination with a demand-side cash transfer component on equitable access to and quality of maternal and neonatal healthcare services. This intervention is introduced to selected emergency obstetric care facilities and ...
Burgers Laura T LT Institute of Health Policy and Management, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, - - 2014
Decision analytic modelling is essential in performing cost-effectiveness analyses (CEAs) of interventions in cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, modelling inherently poses challenges that need to be dealt with since models always represent a simplification of reality. The aim of this study was to identify and explore the challenges in modelling CVD ...
Lawson Andrew B AB 1Division of Biostatistics, Department of Public Health Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, - - 2014
The analysis of walking behavior in a physical activity intervention is considered. A Bayesian latent structure modeling approach is proposed whereby the ability and willingness of participants is modeled via latent effects. The dropout process is jointly modeled via a linked survival model. Computational issues are addressed via posterior sampling ...
Voils Corrine I CI Durham Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA, - - 2014
There is little guidance about to how select dose parameter values when designing behavioral interventions. The purpose of this study is to present approaches to inform intervention duration, frequency, and amount when (1) the investigator has no a priori expectation and is seeking a descriptive approach for identifying and narrowing ...
Yasuoka Junko - - 2014
Despite continuous efforts and recent rapid expansion in the financing and implementation of malaria control interventions, malaria still remains one of the most devastating global health issues. Even in countries that have been successful in reducing the incidence of malaria, malaria control is becoming more challenging because of the changing ...
Caille Agnès A 1INSERM, U1153, Paris, - - 2014
In cluster randomized trials, clusters of subjects are randomized rather than subjects themselves, and missing outcomes are a concern as in individual randomized trials. We assessed strategies for handling missing data when analysing cluster randomized trials with a binary outcome; strategies included complete case, adjusted complete case, and simple and ...
Lawson Andrew B AB 1Department of Public Health, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, - - 2014
Design for intervention studies may combine longitudinal data collected from sampled locations over several survey rounds and cross-sectional data from other locations in the study area. In this case, modeling the impact of the intervention requires an approach that can accommodate both types of data, accounting for the dependence between ...
Yousefi Mohammadmahdi R - - 2014
Perfect knowledge of the underlying state transition probabilities is necessary for designing an optimal intervention strategy for a given Markovian genetic regulatory network. However, in many practical situations, the complex nature of the network and/or identification costs limit the availability of such perfect knowledge. To address this difficulty, we propose ...
Porcheret Mark - - 2014
Use of theory in implementation of complex interventions is widely recommended. A complex trial intervention, to enhance self-management support for people with osteoarthritis (OA) in primary care, needed to be implemented in the Managing Osteoarthritis in Consultations (MOSAICS) trial. One component of the trial intervention was delivery by general practitioners ...
Sacchi Emanuele E The University of British Columbia, Department of Civil Engineering, 2002 - 6250 Applied Science Lane, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T 1Z4. Electronic address: - - 2014
Collision modification factors (CMFs) are considered the primary tools for estimating the effectiveness of safety treatments at road sites. Three main techniques are commonly used to estimate CMFs: the empirical Bayes (EB) method, the comparison-group (CG) method, and a combination of the EB and CG methods. CMF estimates from these ...
Moore Scott C SC Scott C Moore, Katerine Osatuke, United States Veterans Health Administration, National Center for Organization Development, Cincinnati, OH 45249, United - - 2014
To present a conceptual and measurement strategy that allows to objectively, sensitively evaluate intervention progress based on data of participants' perceptions of presenting problems. We used as an example an organization development intervention at a United States Veterans Affairs medical center. Within a year, the intervention addressed the hospital's initially ...
Rayner Christopher C Faculty of Education, University of Tasmania , Tasmania , - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To explore the relationship between responses to imitation assessment and video-based intervention (VBI) in children with autism. Methods: Interview- and observation-based imitation assessments were conducted for five boys with autism prior to VBI across three studies. In two of the three studies, the boys' imitative responses to videos ...
Gómez-Corral A A Department of Statistics and Operations Research, Faculty of Mathematics, Complutense University of Madrid, 28040-Madrid, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
We examine a nonlinear stochastic model for the parasite load of a single host over a predetermined time interval. We use nonhomogeneous Poisson processes to model the acquisition of parasites, the parasite-induced host mortality, the natural (no parasite-induced) host mortality, and the reproduction and death of parasites within the host. ...
Elliott Rachel A RA Division for Social Research in Medicines and Health, The School of Pharmacy, University of Nottingham, University Park, East Drive, Nottingham, NG7 2RD, UK, - - 2014
We recently showed that a pharmacist-led information technology-based intervention (PINCER) was significantly more effective in reducing medication errors in general practices than providing simple feedback on errors, with cost per error avoided at £79 (US$131). We aimed to estimate cost effectiveness of the PINCER intervention by combining effectiveness in error ...
Kirwan John R JR From the University of Bristol Academic Rheumatology Unit, Bristol Royal Infirmary, Bristol, UK; Departments of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, and Rheumatology, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; University of the West of England, Academic Rheumatology Unit, Bristol Royal Infirmary, Bristol, UK; Department of Occupational Sciences and Occupational Therapy, Institute for Health Policy Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Division of Rheumatology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA; Section of Rheumatology, Cardiff University School of Medicine, Cardiff, UK; Division of Musculoskeletal Disease, University of Leeds; UK National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Leeds Musculoskeletal Biomedical Research Unit, Leeds, UK; Versailles-Saint Quentin En Yvelines University, Department of Rheumatology, Ambroise Paré Hospital, APHP, Boulogne-Billancourt; Paris-Descartes University, Medicine Faculty, APHP, Cochin Hospital, Rheumatology B, Paris, France; University of California, Geffen School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California, USA; Université de Lorraine, Université Paris Descartes, Nancy; Université Pierre et Marie Curie (UPMC), Paris; AP-HP Pitié Salpêtrière Hospital, Department of Rheumatology, Paris, France; Departments of Rheumatology and Clinical Epidemiology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands; Department of Rheumatology, Diakonhjemmet Hospital, Oslo, Norway; Department of Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam and Atrium Medical Center Heerlen, the Netherlands; NIHR-Leeds Musculoskeletal Biomedical Research Unit, Division of Rheumatic and Musculoskeletal Diseases, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK; Division of Rheumatology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota, USA; Seattle Rheumatology Associates, Swedish Medical Center Rheumatology Research Division, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington; Division of Rheumatology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA; Department of Rheumatology, Copenhagen University Hospital at Glostrup, Copenhagen, Denmark; Section of Rheumatology, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, Louisiana; SDG LLC, Cambridge, Massachusetts; Birmingham Veterans Affairs Medical Center and University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama; Division of Immunology/Rheumatology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, California, USA; Department of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, - - 2014
The Outcome Measures in Rheumatology (OMERACT) Filter provides guidelines for the development and validation of outcome measures for use in clinical research. The "Truth" section of the OMERACT Filter presupposes an explicit framework for identifying the relevant core outcomes that are universal to all studies of the effects of intervention ...
Huang Shi S Public Health Sciences, Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, - - 2014
The Complier Average Causal Effect (CACE) method has been increasingly used in prevention research to provide more accurate causal intervention effect estimates in the presence of noncompliance. The purpose of this study was to provide an applied demonstration of the CACE analytic approach to evaluate the relative effects of a ...
Kramer Daniëlle - - 2014
Numerous area-based initiatives (ABIs) have been implemented in deprived neighbourhoods across Europe. These large-scale initiatives aim to tackle the socio-economic and environmental problems in these areas that might influence physical activity (PA). There is little robust evidence of their impact on PA. This study aimed to assess the impact of ...
Shields Michele M Spiritual Care Services Department, University of California San Francisco Medical Center and Benioff Children's Hospital, San Francisco, - - 2014
Objective: Distinguishing the unique contributions and roles of chaplains as members of healthcare teams requires the fundamental step of articulating and critically evaluating conceptual models that guide practice. However, there is a paucity of well-described spiritual assessment models. Even fewer of the extant models prescribe interventions and describe desired outcomes ...
Walker Elaine M EM Department of Educational Leadership Management & Policy, Seton Hall University, South Orange, New Jersey; Sametric Research, Princeton, New Jersey. Electronic address: - - 2014
Careful scrutiny of the literature reveals that the preimplementation phase is often overlooked by researchers interested in understanding the portability of evidence-based interventions to other settings. In this paper we document the importance of preimplementation and the planning year in enabling adopters to identify and resolve potential implementation barriers. Roger's ...
Calder Lisa A LA The Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada; The Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to determine the feasibility and acceptability of a structured morbidity and mortality (M&M) rounds model through an innovative educational intervention. The authors engaged the Departments of Emergency Medicine (EM) and Trauma Services at a tertiary care teaching hospital. A needs assessment was performed; the ...
Friederichs Stijn Ah - - 2014
This article describes the systematic development of the I Move intervention: a web-based computer tailored physical activity promotion intervention, aimed at increasing and maintaining physical activity among adults. This intervention is based on the theoretical insights and practical applications of self-determination theory and motivational interviewing.Methods/design: Since developing interventions in a ...
Westreich Daniel - - 2014
Many epidemiologic studies identify contrasts between an "always-exposed" population and a "never-exposed" population. Such "exposure effects" are perhaps most valuable in discussing individual lifestyle changes, or in clinical care; they may be less valuable in estimating the potential effects of realistic public health interventions. Various methods, among them population attributable ...
Mehtälä Marjo Anette - - 2014
The promotion of physical activity (PA) in young children requires effective interventions. This article reviews the evidence on PA interventions in childcare by applying a socio-ecological approach. A computer-based literature search for intervention studies aimed at increasing children's PA levels was run across four databases: SPORTDiscus, ISI Web of Science, ...
Tan Sze Huey SH Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, Adrian Building, University Road, Leicester LE1 7RH, UK; Division of Clinical Trials and Epidemiological Sciences, National Cancer Centre Singapore, 11 Hospital Drive, 169610, Singapore. Electronic address: - - 2014
To present graphical tools for reporting network meta-analysis (NMA) results aiming to increase the accessibility, transparency, interpretability, and acceptability of NMA analyses. The key components of NMA results were identified based on recommendations by agencies such as the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (United Kingdom). Three novel graphs ...
Williams Andrew E - - 2014
Abstract Purpose . We assessed the effectiveness of a worksite management intervention (the 3W program) for overweight and obese hotel employees. Design . The program was tested in a 2-year cluster-randomized trial involving 30 hotels that employed nearly 12,000 individuals. Setting . All participating hotels were on Oahu, Hawaii. The ...
Hazzah Leela L Nelson Institute of Environmental Studies, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 550 North Park Street, Madison, WI 53706-1404, U.S.A., Living with Lions, P.O. Box 555, Nanyuki 10400, Kenya. - - 2014
Lion (Panthera leo) populations are in decline throughout most of Africa. The problem is particularly acute in southern Kenya, where Maasai pastoralists have been spearing and poisoning lions at a rate that will ensure near term local extinction. We investigated 2 approaches for improving local tolerance of lions: compensation payments ...
de Waal Alex A World Peace Foundation, The Fletcher School, Tufts University, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
This article describes and analyzes patterns of lethal violence in Darfur, Sudan, during 2008-09, drawing upon a uniquely detailed dataset generated by the United Nations-African Union hybrid operation in Darfur (UNAMID), combined with data generated through aggregation of reports from open-source venues. These data enable detailed analysis of patterns of ...
Marsh Kevin K Evidera, 26-26 Hammersmith Grove, London, W6 7HA, UK, - - 2014
The objective of this study is to support those undertaking a multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) by reviewing the approaches adopted in healthcare MCDAs to date, how these varied with the objective of the study, and the lessons learned from this experience. Searches of EMBASE and MEDLINE identified 40 studies that ...
Gallo Carlos C Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Fienberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, 680 N. Lake Shore Drive, Suite 1400, Chicago, IL, 60611, USA, - - 2014
Careful fidelity monitoring and feedback are critical to implementing effective interventions. A wide range of procedures exist to assess fidelity; most are derived from observational assessments (Schoenwald and Garland, Psycholog Assess 25:146-156, 2013). However, these fidelity measures are resource intensive for research teams in efficacy/effectiveness trials, and are often unattainable ...
Chowdhury Anupam A Department of Chemical Engineering, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, United States of - - 2014
Computational strain design protocols aim at the system-wide identification of intervention strategies for the enhanced production of biochemicals in microorganisms. Existing approaches relying solely on stoichiometry and rudimentary constraint-based regulation overlook the effects of metabolite concentrations and substrate-level enzyme regulation while identifying metabolic interventions. In this paper, we introduce k-OptForce, ...
Gulliford Martin M Department of Primary Care and Public Health Sciences, King's College London, London, - - 2014
We developed a method to model the cost-effectiveness at different levels of deprivation of an intervention to promote physical activity. The cost-effectiveness of a brief intervention in primary care was estimated by means of a Markov model stratified by deprivation quintile. Estimates for disease incidence, mortality, depression prevalence and health ...
Nikolakopoulou Adriani A Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, University of Ioannina School of Medicine, Ioannina, - - 2014
Systematic reviews that employ network meta-analysis are undertaken and published with increasing frequency while related statistical methodology is evolving. Future statistical developments and evaluation of the existing methodologies could be motivated by the characteristics of the networks of interventions published so far in order to tackle real rather than theoretical ...
Meng Yang Y School of Health and Related Research (ScHARR), University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
The estimation of price elasticities of alcohol demand is valuable for the appraisal of price-based policy interventions such as minimum unit pricing and taxation. This study applies a pseudo-panel approach to the cross-sectional Living Cost and Food Survey 2001/2-2009 to estimate the own- and cross-price elasticities of off- and on-trade ...
Sonnenberg Amnon A Portland VA Medical Center and Oregon Health & Science University. Electronic address: - - 2014
Multiple procedures and medical devices are being utilized in a complex interplay to diagnose and treat gastrointestinal bleeding. The aim of the study is to develop a mathematical model that helps estimating the average number of procedures to be expected in the general management of gastrointestinal bleeding. The modeling process ...
Pearce Matthew G MG Office of Public Health Studies, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI, USA. - - 2014
Uncorrected refractive error is the leading cause of global visual impairment. Given resource constraints in developing countries, the gold standard method of refractive error correction, custom-made spectacles, is unlikely to be available for some time. Therefore, ready-made and recycled spectacles are in wide use in the developing world. To ensure ...
Duchesne Thierry - - 2014
Large-scale public health interventions with rapid scale-up are increasingly being implemented worldwide. Such implementation allows for a large target population to be reached in a short period of time. But when the time comes to investigate the effectiveness of these interventions, the rapid scale-up creates several methodological challenges, such as ...
Zhang Song - - 2014
Pre- and post-intervention experiments are widely used in medical and social behavioral studies, where each subject is supposed to contribute a pair of observations. In this paper we investigate sample size requirement for a scenario frequently encountered by practitioners: All enrolled subjects participate in the pre-intervention phase of study, but ...
Liu Xianwen X State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China; Department of Oral Medicine, Infection and Immunity, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, Boston, MA, - - 2014
The purpose of this systematic review is to evaluate the efficacy of a new modified alar base cinch suture by comparing it with the commonly used classic alar base suture after LeFort I osteotomy. A comprehensive search strategy was performed to include interventional studies involving the comparisons of alar base ...
von Kamp Axel A Max Planck Institute for Dynamics of Complex Technical Systems, Magdeburg, - - 2014
One ultimate goal of metabolic network modeling is the rational redesign of biochemical networks to optimize the production of certain compounds by cellular systems. Although several constraint-based optimization techniques have been developed for this purpose, methods for systematic enumeration of intervention strategies in genome-scale metabolic networks are still lacking. In ...
Lee Heyoung H Seoul National University of Science and Technology, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
While the popularity of smartphones has given enormous convenience to our lives, their pathological use has created a new mental health concern among the community. Hence, intensive research is being conducted on the etiology and treatment of the condition. However, the traditional clinical approach based surveys and interviews has serious ...
Zhou Bin B Department of Building Science, School of Architecture, Tsinghua University, Beijing, PR - - 2014
It is difficult to evaluate and compare interventions for reducing exposure to air pollutants, including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), a widely found air pollutant in both indoor and outdoor air. This study presents the first application of the Monte Carlo population exposure assessment model to quantify the effects of different ...
Tusting Lucy S LS Department of Disease Control, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United - - 2014
As malaria declines in parts of Africa and elsewhere, and as more countries move towards elimination, it is necessary to robustly evaluate the effect of interventions and control programmes on malaria transmission. To help guide the appropriate design of trials to evaluate transmission-reducing interventions, we review 11 metrics of malaria ...
Zhang Yi Y Wu Jieping Urology Center,Peking Univ. Shou Gang Hospital, Beijing, P.R. - - 2014
Purpose: The percutaneous renal access (PRA) is the most critical step of percutaneous renal surgery (PRS). For the training of PRA in the lab, a novel non-biological bench model was developed and set for validation test. Materials and Methods: Experts in PRS (> 60 cases) and novices were included to ...
Bradbury Katherine K 0000-0001-5513-7571 School of Psychology, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, - - 2014
Digital interventions are becoming an increasingly popular method of delivering healthcare as they enable and promote patient self-management. This paper provides a methodological guide to the processes involved in developing effective digital interventions, detailing how to plan and develop such interventions to avoid common pitfalls. It demonstrates the need for ...
De Clercq Etienne E Research Institute for Health and Society (IRSS), UCL, - - 2014
Starting in 2009, the first ever Belgian nationwide data collection network using routine data extracted from primary care EPR (upload method) has been built from scratch. The network also uses a manual web-based data collection method. This paper compares these two methods by analysing missing and most recent values for ...
Treweek Shaun S Health Services Research Unit, University of Aberdeen, Health Sciences Building, Foresterhill, Aberdeen AB25 2ZD, UK. Electronic address: - - 2013
To evaluate the robustness of the intervention modeling experiment (IME) methodology as a way of developing and testing behavioral change interventions before a full-scale trial by replicating an earlier paper-based IME. Web-based questionnaire and clinical scenario study. General practitioners across Scotland were invited to complete the questionnaire and scenarios, which ...
Stephens Alisa J AJ University of - - 2013
The primary goal of randomized trials is to compare the effects of different interventions on some outcome of interest. In addition to the treatment assignment and outcome, data on baseline covariates, such as demographic characteristics or biomarker measurements, are typically collected. Incorporating such auxiliary co-variates in the analysis of randomized ...
Slade Eric P EP U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, VA Capitol Healthcare Network (VISN5) Mental Illness Research, Education, and Clinical Center, 737 W. Lombard Street, Room 526, Baltimore, MD, 21201, USA, - - 2013
This paper discusses the steps and decisions involved in proximal-distal economic modeling, in which social, behavioral, and academic outcomes data for children may be used to inform projections of the economic consequences of interventions. Economic projections based on proximal-distal modeling techniques may be used in cost-benefit analyses when information is ...
Cushing Christopher C - - 2013
Aggregated N-of-1 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) combined with multilevel modeling represent a methodological advancement that may help bridge science and practice in pediatric psychology. The purpose of this article is to offer a primer for pediatric psychologists interested in conducting aggregated N-of-1 RCTs. An overview of N-of-1 RCT methodology is ...
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