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Voils Corrine I CI Durham Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA, - - 2014
There is little guidance about to how select dose parameter values when designing behavioral interventions. The purpose of this study is to present approaches to inform intervention duration, frequency, and amount when (1) the investigator has no a priori expectation and is seeking a descriptive approach for identifying and narrowing ...
Tordeux Antoine A Jülich Supercomputing Centre, Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, - - 2014
Optimal velocity (OV) car-following models give with few parameters stable stop-and -go waves propagating like in empirical data. Unfortunately, classical OV models locally oscillate with vehicles colliding and moving backward. In order to solve this problem, the models have to be completed with additional parameters. This leads to an increase ...
Wang Xuejiao X Department of Mathematics, School of Science, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, People's Republic of - - 2014
Traffic systems, especially urban traffic systems, are regulated by different kinds of interacting mechanisms which operate across multiple spatial and temporal scales. Traditional approaches fail to account for the multiple time scales inherent in time series, such as empirical probability distribution function and detrended fluctuation analysis, which have lead to ...
Pil L L Department of Public Health, Ghent University, Ghent, - - 2014
Overweight and obesity in children are recognized as a major health problem. The ToyBox-intervention was developed with the aim of preventing obesity in pre-schoolers. Because it is increasingly important to inform policy makers not only on the effects of prevention interventions, but also on their costs and cost-effectiveness, our purpose ...
Mouratidou T T GENUD (Growth Exercise, NUtrition and Development) Research Group, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, - - 2014
The ToyBox-intervention is a kindergarten-based, family-involved intervention targeting multiple lifestyle behaviours in preschool children, their teachers and their families. This intervention was conducted in six European countries, namely Belgium, Bulgaria, Germany, Greece, Poland and Spain. The aim of this paper is to provide a descriptive overview of the harmonization and ...
Pessoa Delphine D Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciência, Oeiras, - - 2014
The biological effects of interventions to control infectious diseases typically depend on the intensity of pathogen challenge. As much as the levels of natural pathogen circulation vary over time and geographical location, the development of invariant efficacy measures is of major importance, even if only indirectly inferrable. Here a method ...
Mohammadzadeh Niloofar N Health Information Management, Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Tehran, - - 2014
Intelligent data analysis has ability to prepare and present complex relations between symptoms and diseases, medical and treatment consequences and definitely has significant role in improving follow-up management of chronic heart failure (CHF) patients, increasing speed ​​and accuracy in diagnosis and treatments; reducing costs, designing and implementation of clinical guidelines. ...
Lyth Naomi - - 2014
A recent King's Fund report says that staff have a greater say in organisations that are run along the lines of a John Lewis 'mutual' model (News July 23).
Zhang Dongfeng D aDepartment of Cardiology, Capital Medical University affiliated Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Beijing Institute of Heart, Lung and Blood Vessel Disease bThe State Key Laboratory of Proteomics, Beijing Proteome Research Center, Beijing Institute of Radiation Medicine, Beijing, - - 2014
The no-reflow phenomenon is associated with a worse prognosis at follow-up for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients with a primary percutaneous coronary intervention. To date, there is no effective method to predict no-reflow. The aim of this study was to establish a predictive system to evaluate the risk of ...
Gould Natalie J - - 2014
BackgroundAudits of blood transfusion demonstrate around 20% transfusions are outside national recommendations and guidelines. Audit and feedback is a widely used quality improvement intervention but effects on clinical practice are variable, suggesting potential for enhancement. Behavioural theory, theoretical frameworks of behaviour change and behaviour change techniques provide systematic processes to ...
Kennedy Deanna M - - 2014
This article introduces process shifts to study the temporal interplay among transition and action processes espoused in the recurring phase model proposed by Marks, Mathieu, and Zacarro (2001). Process shifts are those points in time when teams complete a focal process and change to another process. By using team communication ...
Achana Felix A - - 2014
Network meta-analysis (NMA) enables simultaneous comparison of multiple treatments while preserving randomisation. When summarising evidence to inform an economic evaluation, it is important that the analysis accurately reflects the dependency structure within the data, as correlations between outcomes may have implication for estimating the net benefit associated with treatment. A ...
Mhaskar Rahul S - - 2014
Systematic review (SR) of randomized controlled trials (RCT) is the gold standard for informing treatment choice. Decision analyses (DA) also play an important role in informing health care decisions. It is unknown how often the results of DA and matching SR of RCTs are in concordance. We assessed whether the ...
Luo Laura Pan LP College of Humanities and Development Studies, China Agriculture University, Qinghua Donglu, Haidian District, Beijing 100083, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
An appropriate evaluation methodology is critical in collecting valid data in complex development intervention contexts. This paper explores this issue by putting forward an appropriate evaluation methodology for development interventions in rural China. It draws on the experience of an impact evaluation of a sustainable agricultural biodiversity management project conducted ...
Cameron Mary M a CIETcanada , Ottawa , ON , - - 2014
This paper describes implementation research of an intervention in a complex HIV prevention randomised trial in southern Africa. Researchers collected stories of change attributed by 106 community members to an audio-drama edutainment intervention in 41 sites in Botswana, Namibia and Swaziland. The team analysed themes in the stories following a ...
Efthimiou Orestis O Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, University of Ioannina School of Medicine, 1186 Ioannina 45110, - - 2014
Multiple outcomes multivariate meta-analysis (MOMA) is gaining in popularity as a tool for jointly synthesizing evidence coming from studies that report effect estimates for multiple correlated outcomes. Models for MOMA are available for the case of the pairwise meta-analysis of two treatments for multiple outcomes. Network meta-analysis (NMA) can be ...
Thomas James - - 2014
Systematic reviews that address policy and practice questions in relation to complex interventions frequently need not only to assess the efficacy of a given intervention but to identify which intervention - and which intervention components - might be most effective in particular situations. Here, intervention replication is rare, and commonly ...
Squires Janet E - - 2014
A shortage of transplantable organs is a global problem. There are two types of organ donation: living and deceased. Deceased organ donation can occur following neurological determination of death (NDD) or cardiocirculatory death. Donation after cardiocirculatory death (DCD) accounts for the largest increments in deceased organ donation worldwide. Variations in ...
Meystre Claudia C a Department of Psychiatry - CHUV , Institute of Psychotherapy , Lausanne , - - 2014
Abstract A variation of task analysis was used to build an empirical model of how therapists may facilitate client assimilation process, described in the Assimilation of Problematic Experiences Scale. A rational model was specified and considered in light of an analysis of therapist in-session performances (N = 117) drawn from ...
Veitch Jenny - - 2014
Modifying the built environment by improving parks is potentially a sustainable way to increase population level physical activity. Despite considerable investment in parks and park renovations, few natural experiments on the impact of improving amenities on park use and park-based physical activity have been conducted. REVAMP is a natural experiment ...
Sweet Shane N - - 2014
The RE-AIM (Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation, and Maintenance) framework is a reliable tool for the translation of research to practice. This framework has been widely applied to assess the impact of individual interventions. However, RE-AIM has rarely been used to evaluate implementation interventions, especially from multi-sector partnerships. The primary purpose ...
Lee Morgan M Department of Psychology, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Weight bias exists across many important life domains, necessitating interventions designed to reduce weight-biased attitudes and beliefs. Though the effectiveness of weight bias interventions has been questioned, to our knowledge no meta-analysis of these interventions has been conducted. This meta-analysis evaluated the impact of weight bias interventions on weight-biased attitudes ...
Bull J W - - 2014
There is an urgent need to improve the evaluation of conservation interventions. This requires specifying an objective and a frame of reference from which to measure performance. Reference frames can be baselines (i.e., known biodiversity at a fixed point in history) or counterfactuals (i.e., a scenario that would have occurred ...
Aarestrup Anne Kristine AK Centre for Intervention Research in Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, University of Southern Denmark, National Institute of Public Health, Øster Farimagsgade 5A 2nd Floor, 1353 Copenhagen K, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
In multicomponent interventions it is important to examine the implementation of each component to enable valid assessments of the effectiveness of each component. Many studies do not systematically document, evaluate and report the level of implementation and there is a lack of systematic approaches to conduct process evaluation studies to ...
Levchenko Alexander I AI Author Affiliations: Toronto Rehabilitation Institute-University Health Network (Drs Levchenko and Fernie), Toronto; Conestoga College (Dr Boscart), Kitchener; and Department of Surgery (Dr Fernie), University of Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Adequate hand hygiene is often considered as the most effective method of reducing the rates of hospital-acquired infections, which are one of the major causes of increased cost, morbidity, and mortality in healthcare. Electronic monitoring technologies provide a promising direction for achieving sustainable hand hygiene improvement by introducing the elements ...
Hashemi Javad - - 2014
To accurately estimate muscle forces using electromyogram (EMG) signals two fundamental steps are necessary: first, precise EMG amplitude estimation, and second a modeling scheme capable of coping with the non-linearities and dynamics of the EMG-force relationship. In this work, angle-based EMG amplitude calibration and parallel cascade identification (PCI) modeling have ...
Hoogendoorn Martine M Institute for Medical Technology Assessment, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare different chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) cost-effectiveness models with respect to structure and input parameters and to cross-validate the models by running the same hypothetical treatment scenarios. COPD modeling groups simulated four hypothetical interventions with their model and compared the results with a reference scenario of no intervention. ...
McQueen Ryan R Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Medicine, Wake Forest Baptist Health Center, Winston-Salem, NC, - - 2014
While acute rehabilitation following neurotrauma has evolved over the past 30 years to include the common use of pharmacologic agents to promote synaptogenesis and improve recovery potential, little guidance exists for a similar strategy in the post-acute or community re-entry phases of injury. Drawing upon the existing scientific literature, models ...
Baxter Susan K - - 2014
There is increasing interest in innovative methods to carry out systematic reviews of complex interventions. Theory-based approaches, such as logic models, have been suggested as a means of providing additional insights beyond that obtained via conventional review methods. This paper reports the use of an innovative method which combines systematic ...
Martínez-Sánchez Juan A JA Armada. Centro de Psicología de San - - 2014
Background: Spain was one of the first countries to recognize the importance of psychological aspects in the planning and development of international military operations, and also to include military psychologists in contingents deployed abroad. Method: This paper describes the psychological intervention model used by Spanish military psychologists involved in military ...
- - 2014
Generally, there are a host of potential interventions available during a disaster. The selection of the most appropriate interventions/responses is dependent upon the goals elaborated in the strategic plan. All interventions selected must be aimed at meeting the defined needs of the affected population. In this Chapter, the process used ...
Jefferds Maria Elena D ME IMMPaCt, Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity, CDC, Atlanta, Georgia, - - 2014
Lack of monitoring capacity is a key barrier for nutrition interventions and limits programme management, decision making and programme effectiveness in many low-income and middle-income countries. A 2011 global assessment reported lack of monitoring capacity was the top barrier for home fortification interventions, such as micronutrient powders or lipid-based nutrient ...
Iqbal Javaid J Department of Interventional Cardiology, Thoraxcenter, Rotterdam, the Netherlands; Department of Cardiovascular Science, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, United - - 2014
This study aimed to update the Logistic Clinical SYNTAX score to predict 3-year survival after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and compare the performance with the SYNTAX score alone. The SYNTAX score is a well-established angiographic tool to predict long-term outcomes after PCI. The Logistic Clinical SYNTAX score, developed by combining ...
Botella Juan - - 2014
The quality of tools used in binary classification is evaluated by studies that assess the accuracy of the classification. The empirical evidence is summarized in 2 × 2 contingency tables. These provide the joint frequencies between the true status of a sample and the classification made by the test. The ...
González Sergio A SA Departamento de Biología Marina, Facultad de Ciencias del Mar, Universidad Católica del Norte, Casilla 117, Coquimbo, Chile. Electronic address: - - 2014
The beetle Phaleria maculata is a common inhabitant of the upper intertidal fringe of Chilean beaches. Anthropogenic intervention in coastal areas has increased intensely, leading to changes in the flora and fauna of sandy beaches. To examine the impact of human activities on P. maculata, we studied several beaches along ...
Brenner Stephan - - 2014
In this article we present a study design to evaluate the causal impact of providing supply-side performance-based financing incentives in combination with a demand-side cash transfer component on equitable access to and quality of maternal and neonatal healthcare services. This intervention is introduced to selected emergency obstetric care facilities and ...
Burgers Laura T LT Institute of Health Policy and Management, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, - - 2014
Decision analytic modelling is essential in performing cost-effectiveness analyses (CEAs) of interventions in cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, modelling inherently poses challenges that need to be dealt with since models always represent a simplification of reality. The aim of this study was to identify and explore the challenges in modelling CVD ...
Lawson Andrew B AB 1Division of Biostatistics, Department of Public Health Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, - - 2014
The analysis of walking behavior in a physical activity intervention is considered. A Bayesian latent structure modeling approach is proposed whereby the ability and willingness of participants is modeled via latent effects. The dropout process is jointly modeled via a linked survival model. Computational issues are addressed via posterior sampling ...
Yasuoka Junko - - 2014
Despite continuous efforts and recent rapid expansion in the financing and implementation of malaria control interventions, malaria still remains one of the most devastating global health issues. Even in countries that have been successful in reducing the incidence of malaria, malaria control is becoming more challenging because of the changing ...
Caille Agnès A 1INSERM, U1153, Paris, - - 2014
In cluster randomized trials, clusters of subjects are randomized rather than subjects themselves, and missing outcomes are a concern as in individual randomized trials. We assessed strategies for handling missing data when analysing cluster randomized trials with a binary outcome; strategies included complete case, adjusted complete case, and simple and ...
Lawson Andrew B AB 1Department of Public Health, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, - - 2014
Design for intervention studies may combine longitudinal data collected from sampled locations over several survey rounds and cross-sectional data from other locations in the study area. In this case, modeling the impact of the intervention requires an approach that can accommodate both types of data, accounting for the dependence between ...
Porcheret Mark - - 2014
Use of theory in implementation of complex interventions is widely recommended. A complex trial intervention, to enhance self-management support for people with osteoarthritis (OA) in primary care, needed to be implemented in the Managing Osteoarthritis in Consultations (MOSAICS) trial. One component of the trial intervention was delivery by general practitioners ...
Sacchi Emanuele E The University of British Columbia, Department of Civil Engineering, 2002 - 6250 Applied Science Lane, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T 1Z4. Electronic address: - - 2014
Collision modification factors (CMFs) are considered the primary tools for estimating the effectiveness of safety treatments at road sites. Three main techniques are commonly used to estimate CMFs: the empirical Bayes (EB) method, the comparison-group (CG) method, and a combination of the EB and CG methods. CMF estimates from these ...
Nickerson Amanda B AB Alberti Center for Bullying Abuse Prevention, University at Buffalo, The State University of New York, 428 Baldy Hall, Buffalo, NY 14260, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Although peer bystanders can exacerbate or prevent bullying and sexual harassment, research has been hindered by the absence of a validated assessment tool to measure the process and sequential steps of the bystander intervention model. A measure was developed based on the five steps of Latané and Darley's (1970) bystander ...
Moore Scott C SC Scott C Moore, Katerine Osatuke, United States Veterans Health Administration, National Center for Organization Development, Cincinnati, OH 45249, United - - 2014
To present a conceptual and measurement strategy that allows to objectively, sensitively evaluate intervention progress based on data of participants' perceptions of presenting problems. We used as an example an organization development intervention at a United States Veterans Affairs medical center. Within a year, the intervention addressed the hospital's initially ...
Rayner Christopher C Faculty of Education, University of Tasmania , Tasmania , - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To explore the relationship between responses to imitation assessment and video-based intervention (VBI) in children with autism. Methods: Interview- and observation-based imitation assessments were conducted for five boys with autism prior to VBI across three studies. In two of the three studies, the boys' imitative responses to videos ...
Gómez-Corral A A Department of Statistics and Operations Research, Faculty of Mathematics, Complutense University of Madrid, 28040-Madrid, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
We examine a nonlinear stochastic model for the parasite load of a single host over a predetermined time interval. We use nonhomogeneous Poisson processes to model the acquisition of parasites, the parasite-induced host mortality, the natural (no parasite-induced) host mortality, and the reproduction and death of parasites within the host. ...
Elliott Rachel A RA Division for Social Research in Medicines and Health, The School of Pharmacy, University of Nottingham, University Park, East Drive, Nottingham, NG7 2RD, UK, - - 2014
We recently showed that a pharmacist-led information technology-based intervention (PINCER) was significantly more effective in reducing medication errors in general practices than providing simple feedback on errors, with cost per error avoided at £79 (US$131). We aimed to estimate cost effectiveness of the PINCER intervention by combining effectiveness in error ...
Kirwan John R JR From the University of Bristol Academic Rheumatology Unit, Bristol Royal Infirmary, Bristol, UK; Departments of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, and Rheumatology, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; University of the West of England, Academic Rheumatology Unit, Bristol Royal Infirmary, Bristol, UK; Department of Occupational Sciences and Occupational Therapy, Institute for Health Policy Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Division of Rheumatology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA; Section of Rheumatology, Cardiff University School of Medicine, Cardiff, UK; Division of Musculoskeletal Disease, University of Leeds; UK National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Leeds Musculoskeletal Biomedical Research Unit, Leeds, UK; Versailles-Saint Quentin En Yvelines University, Department of Rheumatology, Ambroise Paré Hospital, APHP, Boulogne-Billancourt; Paris-Descartes University, Medicine Faculty, APHP, Cochin Hospital, Rheumatology B, Paris, France; University of California, Geffen School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California, USA; Université de Lorraine, Université Paris Descartes, Nancy; Université Pierre et Marie Curie (UPMC), Paris; AP-HP Pitié Salpêtrière Hospital, Department of Rheumatology, Paris, France; Departments of Rheumatology and Clinical Epidemiology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands; Department of Rheumatology, Diakonhjemmet Hospital, Oslo, Norway; Department of Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam and Atrium Medical Center Heerlen, the Netherlands; NIHR-Leeds Musculoskeletal Biomedical Research Unit, Division of Rheumatic and Musculoskeletal Diseases, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK; Division of Rheumatology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota, USA; Seattle Rheumatology Associates, Swedish Medical Center Rheumatology Research Division, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington; Division of Rheumatology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA; Department of Rheumatology, Copenhagen University Hospital at Glostrup, Copenhagen, Denmark; Section of Rheumatology, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, Louisiana; SDG LLC, Cambridge, Massachusetts; Birmingham Veterans Affairs Medical Center and University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama; Division of Immunology/Rheumatology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, California, USA; Department of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, - - 2014
The Outcome Measures in Rheumatology (OMERACT) Filter provides guidelines for the development and validation of outcome measures for use in clinical research. The "Truth" section of the OMERACT Filter presupposes an explicit framework for identifying the relevant core outcomes that are universal to all studies of the effects of intervention ...
Huang Shi S Public Health Sciences, Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, - - 2014
The Complier Average Causal Effect (CACE) method has been increasingly used in prevention research to provide more accurate causal intervention effect estimates in the presence of noncompliance. The purpose of this study was to provide an applied demonstration of the CACE analytic approach to evaluate the relative effects of a ...
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