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Treinys, Rimgaudas
In the mid-20 century, Lesser Spotted Eagle (Aquila pomarina) was considered to be one of the most abundant species among the birds of prey in the forests of Lithuania. The estimates of the national population changed from 300.500 to 1,500.1,800 pairs in 1994 and 2005, respectively. Changes in the population ...
Reed J Michael JM Department of Biology, Tufts University, Medford, MA 02155, USA - - 2014
The Devil's Hole pupfish Cyprinodon diabolis has iconic status among conservation biologists because it is one of the World's most vulnerable species. Furthermore, C. diabolis is the most widely cited example of a persistent, small, isolated vertebrate population; a chronic exception to the rule that small populations do not persist ...
Motulsky Harvey J HJ GraphPad Software Inc., La Jolla, California - - 2014
Ideally, any experienced investigator with the right tools should be able to reproduce a finding published in a peer-reviewed biomedical science journal. In fact, however, the reproducibility of a large percentage of published findings has been questioned. Undoubtedly, there are many reasons for this, but one reason may be that ...
Steel Ruth Irene RI Department of Evolutionary Anthropology, Duke University, Box 90383, Science Drive, Durham, NC, 27708, USA, - - 2014
Primate field studies often estimate daily travel distance (DTD) in order to estimate energy expenditure and/or test foraging hypotheses. In group-living species, the center of mass (CM) method is traditionally used to measure DTD; a point is marked at the group's perceived center of mass at a set time interval ...
Brytek-Matera Anna A University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Campus in Katowice, ul. Techników 9, 40-326, Katowice, Poland, - - 2014
In Poland, appropriate means to assess body image are relatively limited. The aim of the study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Polish version of the Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire (MBSRQ). To do so, a sample of 341 females ranging in age from 18 to 35 years (M = 23.09; SD = 3.14) ...
Sandström Helena H Medical Radiation Physics, Stockholm University and Karolinska Institutet, P9 Heliport, 17176, Stockholm, Sweden, - - 2014
Radiosurgery clinical practice relays on   empirical observations and the experience of the practitioners involved in determining and delineating the target and therefore variability in target delineation might be expected for all the radiosurgery approaches, independent of the technique and the equipment used for delivering the treatment. The main aim of ...
Gonzalez Cleotilde C Dynamic Decision Making Laboratory, Department of Social and Decision Sciences, Carnegie Mellon - - 2014
We analyze the dynamics of repeated interaction of two players in the Prisoner's Dilemma (PD) under various levels of interdependency information and propose an instance-based learning cognitive model (IBL-PD) to explain how cooperation emerges over time. Six hypotheses are tested regarding how a player accounts for an opponent's outcomes: the ...
Heino Jani J Finnish Environment Institute, Natural Environment Centre, Biodiversity, P.O. Box 413, FI-90014, Oulu, - - 2014
1. Regional faunas are structured by historical, spatial and environmental factors. We studied large-scale variation in four ecologically different beetle groups (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae, Carabidae, Hydrophiloidea, Cerambycidae) along climate, land cover and geographical gradients, examined faunal breakpoints in relation to environmental variables, and investigated the best fit pattern of assemblage variation ...
Fuchs Jérôme J Department of Ornithology and Mammalogy, California Academy of Sciences, 55 Music Concourse Drive, San Francisco, CA 94118; UMR7205 Institut de Systématique, Evolution, Biodiversité CNRS MNHN UPMC EPHE, Département Systématique et Evolution, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, 55 Rue Buffon, 75005 Paris, France; UMS MNHN/CNRS 2700 Outils et Méthodes de la Systématique Intégrative (OMSI), Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, 57 rue Cuvier, F-75231 Paris Cedex 05, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Understanding how and why lineages diversify is central to understanding the origins of biological diversity. The avian family Falconidae (caracaras, forest-falcons, falcons) has an uneven distribution of species among multiple well-supported clades, and provides a useful system for testing hypotheses about diversification rate and correlation with environmental changes. We analyzed ...
Toledo Rafael R Departamento de Parasitología, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad de Valencia, Av. Vicente Andrés Estellés s/n, 46100, Burjassot - Valencia, Spain, - - 2014
Echinostomatidae (Trematoda) is the largest family within the class Trematoda. Members of this family have been studied for many years in relation to their utility as basic research models in biodiversity and systematics and also as experimental models in parasitology since they offer many advantages. Echinostomes have contributed significantly to ...
Scott M F MF Department of Botany, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, - - 2014
Many species delay development unless particular environments or rare disturbance events occur. How can such a strategy be favoured over continued development? Typically, it is assumed that continued development (e.g. germination) is not advantageous in environments that have low juvenile/seedling survival (mechanism 1), either due to abiotic or competitive effects. ...
Pepe Francesco F Observatoire Astronomique de l'Université de Genève, 51 Chemin des Maillettes, 1290 Versoix, - - 2014
In no other field of astrophysics has the impact of new instrumentation been as substantial as in the domain of exoplanets. Before 1995 our knowledge of exoplanets was mainly based on philosophical and theoretical considerations. The years that followed have been marked, instead, by surprising discoveries made possible by high-precision ...
Zhang Zhongshi Z 1] Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research, Uni Research Climate, Allégaten 70, 5007 Bergen, Norway [2] Nansen-Zhu International Research Centre, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100029 Beijing, - - 2014
It is widely believed that the Sahara desert is no more than ∼2-3 million years (Myr) old, with geological evidence showing a remarkable aridification of north Africa at the onset of the Quaternary ice ages. Before that time, north African aridity was mainly controlled by the African summer monsoon (ASM), which ...
Srinivasa Rao Arni S R AS Georgia Regents University, 1120 15th Street, Augusta, GA, 30912, USA, - - 2014
Carey's Equality pertaining to stationary models is well known. In this paper, we have stated and proved a fundamental theorem related to the formation of this Equality. This theorem will provide an in-depth understanding of the role of each captive subject, and their corresponding follow-up duration in a stationary population. ...
Hodson Gordon G Brock University, St. Catharines, Ontario, - - 2014
Psychological essentialism, the perception that groups possess inherent properties binding them and differentiating them from others, is theoretically relevant to predicting prejudice. Recent developments isolate two key dimensions: essentialistic entitativity (EE; groups as unitary, whole, entity-like) and essentialistic naturalness (EN; groups as fixed and immutable). We introduce a novel question: ...
Zhou Yan Y Mary S. Easton Center for Alzheimer's Disease Research, Department of Neurology, University of California, Los Angeles, 10911 Weyburn Avenue, Suite 200, Los Angeles, CA, 90095, USA, - - 2014
Classification and Regression Trees (CART), and their successors-bagging and random forests, are statistical learning tools that are receiving increasing attention. However, due to characteristics of censored data collection, standard CART algorithms are not immediately transferable to the context of survival analysis. Questions about the occurrence and timing of events arise ...
Blum James M JM Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, MI, USA, - - 2014
The use of telemetry and invasive monitoring is exceptionally common in modern healthcare. To date the vast majority of this information is not stored for more than a brief duration on the local monitor. This prohibits extensive investigation into waveform data. We describe a system to collect such data in ...
Boshagh Fatemeh F Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Research Center of Iran, P.O. Box 14335-186, Tehran, - - 2014
Biodesulfurization of the model oil using Rhodococcus erythropolis PTCC1767 (R. erythropolis) and Bacillus subtilis DSMZ 3256 (B. subtilis) strains assisted by applying electrokinetic was investigated as a novel method for desulfurization. The yield of biodesulfurization is low because it takes long time to be completed. Electrokinetic reduces the process time ...
Morris Tiffany J TJ UCL Cancer Institute, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
The Illumina HumanMethylation450 BeadChip has become a popular platform for interrogating DNA methylation in epigenome-wide association studies (EWAS) and related projects as well as resource efforts such as the International Cancer Genome Consortium (ICGC) and the International Human Epigenome Consortium (IHEC). This has resulted in an exponential increase of 450k ...
Matos-Maraví Pável - - 2014
Background Calisto is the largest butterfly genus in the West Indies but its systematics, historical biogeography and the causes of its diversification have not been previously rigorously evaluated. Several studies attempting to explain the wide-ranging diversity of Calisto gave different weights to vicariance, dispersal and adaptive radiation. We utilized molecular ...
Crowther Michael J MJ Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, Adrian Building, University Road, Leicester, LE1 7RH, - - 2014
Parametric survival models are being increasingly used as an alternative to the Cox model in biomedical research. Through direct modelling of the baseline hazard function, we can gain greater understanding of the risk profile of patients over time, obtaining absolute measures of risk. Commonly used parametric survival models, such as ...
Morais João J Hospital de Santo André, CHLP, Leiria, - - 2014
To project the long-term cost-effectiveness of treating non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF) patients for stroke prevention with rivaroxaban compared to warfarin in Portugal. A Markov model was used that included health and treatment states describing the management and consequences of AF and its treatment. The model's time horizon was set at ...
McClintock Andrew S AS Ohio - - 2014
The aim of this study was to test a 3-path mediation model, in which the effect of treatment expectations on outcome is mediated first by the alliance and then by session positivity. Archival process and outcome data were used for this investigation. These data had been collected from 116 clients ...
Farrié B B Institut de l'Elevage, F-31320 Castanet Tolosan, France; INRA, UMR 1248 AGIR, F-31326 Castanet Tolosan, - - 2014
Rangeland-based livestock systems have to deal with the significant instability and uncertainty of the agricultural context (policy changes, volatility of input prices, etc.), and especially of the climatic context. Thus, they are particularly concerned by adaptive management strategies. To support the development of such strategies, we developed a board game ...
Verschave S H SH Department of Virology, Parasitology and Immunology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Salisburylaan 133, 9820 Merelbeke, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
Predictive models of parasite life cycles increase our understanding of how parasite epidemiology is influenced by global changes and can be used to support decisions for more targeted worm control. Estimates of parasite population dynamics are needed to parameterize such models. The aim of this study was to quantify the ...
DeFina Robert R Sociology and Criminology Department, Villanova University, Villanova, PA, - - 2014
The relationship between unemployment and suicide has changed over time and in particular during the Great Recession. Using state-level panel data covering the years 1979-2010, the study indicates that unemployment's impact was insignificant during the first half of the sample period, but was highly significant during the second half. In ...
Motulsky Harvey J HJ GraphPad Software Inc., La Jolla, California, USA, - - 2014
Ideally, any experienced investigator with the right tools should be able to reproduce a finding published in a peer-reviewed biomedical science journal. In fact, the reproducibility of a large percentage of published findings has been questioned. Undoubtedly, there are many reasons for this, but one reason maybe that investigators fool ...
Hubbe Mark M Department of Anthropology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH; Instituto de Investigaciones Arqueológicas y Museo, Universidad Católica del Norte, - - 2014
The history of human occupation in Brazil dates to at least 14 kyr BP, and the country has the largest record of early human remains from the continent. Despite the importance and richness of Brazilian human skeletal collections, the biological relationships between groups and their implications for knowledge about human ...
Kim Eun Sun - - 2014
Background:No study has determined whether the risk of mortality predicted by the gender, age, and physiological variables (GAP) model matches the observed mortality from idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) in non-Western populations. We evaluated the clinical course of IPF and validated the GAP model in Korean IPF patients. Methods:We included 268 ...
Goodman Kari Roesch KR Department of Environmental Science, Policy and Management, 130 Mulford Hall, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720-3114. Electronic address: - - 2014
Flies in the genus Campsicnemus have diversified into the second-largest adaptive radiation of Diptera in the Hawaiian Islands, with 179 Hawaiian endemic species currently described. Here we present the first phylogenetic analysis of Campsicnemus, with a focus on the Hawaiian fauna. We analyzed a combination of two nuclear (CAD, EF1chek) ...
Robert Alexandre A UMR 7204 MNHN-CNRS-UPMC, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, 55, Rue Buffon, Paris 75005, France - - 2014
Although the reproductive success of most organisms depends on factors acting at several spatial scales, little is known about how organisms are able to synthesize multi-scale information to optimize reproduction. Using longitudinal data from a long-lived seabird, Monteiro's storm-petrel, we show that average breeding success is strongly related to oceanic ...
Bulgarelli Daniela D Department of Psychology, University of Torino, - - 2014
This study examined the factorial structure of the Theory of Mind (ToM) Storybooks, a comprehensive 93-item instrument tapping the five components in Wellman's model of ToM (emotion recognition, understanding of desire and beliefs, ability to distinguish between physical and mental entities, and awareness of the link between perception and knowledge). ...
Ahrens Bernhard B Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Hans-Knöll-Str. 10, 07445, Jena, - - 2014
We used bomb-radiocarbon and raw minirhizotron lifetimes of fine roots (< 0.5 mm in diameter) in the organic layer of Norway spruce (Picea abies) forests in southern Sweden to test if different models are able to reconcile the apparently contradicting turnover time estimates from both techniques. We present a framework based on ...
Alt Marcus M Department of Psychological and Quantitative Foundations, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, - - 2014
During the past decade, greater quantitative attention has been given to how gay men's lives are affected by traditional notions of masculinity. Consequently, it is important that masculinity-related measures that are often used in research are valid for use with gay men. This study examined the factor structures, loadings, and ...
Kempton Thomas T Sport & Exercise Discipline Group, Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, - - 2014
To describe the physical and technical demands of rugby league 9s (RL9s) match-play for positional groups. Global positioning system data were collected during four games from 16 players from a team competing in the Auckland RL9s tournament. Players were classified into positional groups (pivots, outside backs, and forwards). Absolute and ...
Cribb Thomas H TH The University of Queensland, School of Biological Sciences, Brisbane, Queensland 4072, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
The Great Barrier Reef (GBR) holds the richest array of marine life found anywhere in Australia, including a diverse and fascinating parasite fauna. Members of one group, the trematodes, occur as sexually mature adult worms in almost all GBR bony fish species. Although the first reports of these parasites were ...
Barr Margo L - - 2014
In 2012 mobile phone numbers were included into the ongoing New South Wales Population Health Survey (NSWPHS) using an overlapping dual-frame design. Previously in the NSWPHS the sample was selected using random digit dialing (RDD) of landline phone numbers. The survey was undertaken using computer assisted telephone interviewing (CATI). The ...
Korifi Rabia R Laboratoire LISA, EA 4672 Equipe METICA, Case 451, Aix-Marseille Université, 13397, Marseille Cedex 20, - - 2014
One of the major problems in the signal comparison of chromatographic data is the variability of response caused by instrumental drifts and others instabilities. Measures of quality control and evaluation of conformity are inherently sensitive to shift. It is essential to be able to compare test samples to reference samples ...
Djernæs Marie M Department of Life Sciences, Natural History Museum, London SW7 5BD, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Termites (Isoptera) offer an alternative model for the development of eusociality which is not dependent on a high degree of relatedness as found between sisters in hymenopterans (bees, wasps, ants). Recent phylogenetic studies have established that termites belong within the cockroaches as sister to the subsocial Cryptocercidae. Cryptocercidae shares several ...
Bisi Maria Cristina - - 2014
Quantifying gait stability is a topic of high relevance and a number of possible measures have been proposed. The problem in validating these methods is the necessity to identify a-priori unstable individuals. Since proposed methods do not make any assumption on the characteristics of the subjects, the aim of the ...
Teder Tiit T Department of Zoology, Institute of Ecology and Earth Sciences, University of Tartu, Vanemuise 46, EE-51014, Tartu, Estonia. - - 2014
Optimality models predict that diet-induced bivariate reaction norms for age and size at maturity can have diverse shapes, with the slope varying from negative to positive. To evaluate these predictions, we perform a quantitative review of relevant data, using a literature-derived data base of body sizes and development times for ...
Cañas-Álvarez J J JJ Grup de Recerca en Remugants, Departament de Ciència Animal i dels Aliments, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, - - 2014
Demographic and pedigree analyses describe the structure and dynamics of livestock populations. We studied information recorded in the herd-books of Asturiana de los Valles (AV; N = 458,806), Avileña - Negra Ibérica (ANI; N = 204,623), Bruna dels Pirineus (BP; N = 62,138), Morucha (Mo; N = 65,350), Pirenaica (Pi; ...
Lynch Frances L FL Center for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Northwest, Portland, Oregon. Electronic address: - - 2014
Suicide is a leading cause of death in the U.S. and results in immense suffering and significant cost. Effective suicide prevention interventions could reduce this burden, but policy makers need estimates of health outcomes achieved by alternative interventions to focus implementation efforts. To illustrate the utility of health outcome models ...
Curry Allison E AE Center for Injury Research and Prevention, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Electronic address: - - 2014
The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) collects and publishes annual state-based counts of licensed drivers, which have been used to estimate per-driver crash rates and document a decline in young licensed drivers. The accuracy of these data has been questioned. We compared the number of young licensed drivers as reported by ...
Kim Hong-Kyun HK Postgraduate student, Department of Oral Anatomy, Dental Research Institute, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to explore the shape differences in maxillary first molars with orthographic measurements using 3-dimensional virtual models to assess whether there is variability in morphology that could affect the alignment results when treated by straight-wire appliance systems. A total of 175 maxillary first molars with ...
Pineda A - - 2014
Appropriate normative data is of critical importance to aide neuropsychologists in arriving at diagnostic conclusions. However, for patients from diverse cultural backgrounds, normative data is often at times hampered by the small samples available in the literature. The current case study highlights the impact that the updated Repeatable Battery for ...
Celinski M - - 2014
Assess the concordance between Psycho-Assistant (PA) and the Structured Inventory of Malingered Symptomatology (SIMS) for the assessment of symptom exaggeration. A total of 31 post-MVA compensation-seeking consecutive referrals were evaluated, which was 44% male with an average age of 39.6 years (SD = 15.3) and 13.8 years of education (SD ...
Delgado Julio J Department of Hematology, Hospital Clínic, IDIBAPS, Barcelona - - 2014
The widespread availability of statistical packages has undoubtedly helped hematologists worldwide in the analysis of their data, but has also led to the inappropriate use of statistical methods. In this article, we review some basic concepts of survival analysis and also make recommendations about how and when to perform each ...
Su Chia-Ting CT Chia-Ting Su, PhD, OTR, is Associate Professor, Fu Jen Catholic University, College of Medicine, Department of Occupational Therapy, New Taipei City, - - 2014
This study investigated the validity of sensory systems as distinct measurable constructs as part of a larger project examining Ayres's theory of sensory integration. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was conducted to test whether sensory questionnaire items represent distinct sensory system constructs. Data were obtained from clinical records of two age ...
Kawalilak C E CE College of Kinesiology, University of Saskatchewan, - - 2014
To assess the linearity and sex-specificity of damping coefficients used in a single-damper-model (SDM) when predicting impact forces during the worst-case falling scenario from fall heights up to 25 cm. Using 3-dimensional motion tracking and an integrated force plate, impact forces and impact velocities were assessed from 10 young adults ...
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