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Treinys, Rimgaudas
In the mid-20 century, Lesser Spotted Eagle (Aquila pomarina) was considered to be one of the most abundant species among the birds of prey in the forests of Lithuania. The estimates of the national population changed from 300.500 to 1,500.1,800 pairs in 1994 and 2005, respectively. Changes in the population ...
Motulsky Harvey J HJ GraphPad Software Inc., La Jolla, California - - 2014
Ideally, any experienced investigator with the right tools should be able to reproduce a finding published in a peer-reviewed biomedical science journal. In fact, however, the reproducibility of a large percentage of published findings has been questioned. Undoubtedly, there are many reasons for this, but one reason may be that ...
DeFina Robert R Sociology and Criminology Department, Villanova University, Villanova, PA, - - 2014
The relationship between unemployment and suicide has changed over time and in particular during the Great Recession. Using state-level panel data covering the years 1979-2010, the study indicates that unemployment's impact was insignificant during the first half of the sample period, but was highly significant during the second half. In ...
Motulsky Harvey J HJ GraphPad Software Inc., La Jolla, California, USA, - - 2014
Ideally, any experienced investigator with the right tools should be able to reproduce a finding published in a peer-reviewed biomedical science journal. In fact, the reproducibility of a large percentage of published findings has been questioned. Undoubtedly, there are many reasons for this, but one reason maybe that investigators fool ...
Hubbe Mark M Department of Anthropology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH; Instituto de Investigaciones Arqueológicas y Museo, Universidad Católica del Norte, - - 2014
The history of human occupation in Brazil dates to at least 14 kyr BP, and the country has the largest record of early human remains from the continent. Despite the importance and richness of Brazilian human skeletal collections, the biological relationships between groups and their implications for knowledge about human ...
Kim Eun Sun - - 2014
Background:No study has determined whether the risk of mortality predicted by the gender, age, and physiological variables (GAP) model matches the observed mortality from idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) in non-Western populations. We evaluated the clinical course of IPF and validated the GAP model in Korean IPF patients. Methods:We included 268 ...
Robert Alexandre A UMR 7204 MNHN-CNRS-UPMC, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, 55, Rue Buffon, Paris 75005, France - - 2014
Although the reproductive success of most organisms depends on factors acting at several spatial scales, little is known about how organisms are able to synthesize multi-scale information to optimize reproduction. Using longitudinal data from a long-lived seabird, Monteiro's storm-petrel, we show that average breeding success is strongly related to oceanic ...
Bulgarelli Daniela D Department of Psychology, University of Torino, - - 2014
This study examined the factorial structure of the Theory of Mind (ToM) Storybooks, a comprehensive 93-item instrument tapping the five components in Wellman's model of ToM (emotion recognition, understanding of desire and beliefs, ability to distinguish between physical and mental entities, and awareness of the link between perception and knowledge). ...
Ahrens Bernhard B Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Hans-Knöll-Str. 10, 07445, Jena, - - 2014
We used bomb-radiocarbon and raw minirhizotron lifetimes of fine roots (< 0.5 mm in diameter) in the organic layer of Norway spruce (Picea abies) forests in southern Sweden to test if different models are able to reconcile the apparently contradicting turnover time estimates from both techniques. We present a framework based on ...
Alt Marcus M Department of Psychological and Quantitative Foundations, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, - - 2014
During the past decade, greater quantitative attention has been given to how gay men's lives are affected by traditional notions of masculinity. Consequently, it is important that masculinity-related measures that are often used in research are valid for use with gay men. This study examined the factor structures, loadings, and ...
Kempton Thomas T Sport & Exercise Discipline Group, Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, - - 2014
To describe the physical and technical demands of rugby league 9s (RL9s) match-play for positional groups. Global positioning system data were collected during four games from 16 players from a team competing in the Auckland RL9s tournament. Players were classified into positional groups (pivots, outside backs, and forwards). Absolute and ...
Cribb Thomas H TH The University of Queensland, School of Biological Sciences, Brisbane, Queensland 4072, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
The Great Barrier Reef (GBR) holds the richest array of marine life found anywhere in Australia, including a diverse and fascinating parasite fauna. Members of one group, the trematodes, occur as sexually mature adult worms in almost all GBR bony fish species. Although the first reports of these parasites were ...
Barr Margo L - - 2014
In 2012 mobile phone numbers were included into the ongoing New South Wales Population Health Survey (NSWPHS) using an overlapping dual-frame design. Previously in the NSWPHS the sample was selected using random digit dialing (RDD) of landline phone numbers. The survey was undertaken using computer assisted telephone interviewing (CATI). The ...
Korifi Rabia R Laboratoire LISA, EA 4672 Equipe METICA, Case 451, Aix-Marseille Université, 13397, Marseille Cedex 20, - - 2014
One of the major problems in the signal comparison of chromatographic data is the variability of response caused by instrumental drifts and others instabilities. Measures of quality control and evaluation of conformity are inherently sensitive to shift. It is essential to be able to compare test samples to reference samples ...
Djernæs Marie M Department of Life Sciences, Natural History Museum, London SW7 5BD, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Termites (Isoptera) offer an alternative model for the development of eusociality which is not dependent on a high degree of relatedness as found between sisters in hymenopterans (bees, wasps, ants). Recent phylogenetic studies have established that termites belong within the cockroaches as sister to the subsocial Cryptocercidae. Cryptocercidae shares several ...
Bisi Maria Cristina - - 2014
Quantifying gait stability is a topic of high relevance and a number of possible measures have been proposed. The problem in validating these methods is the necessity to identify a-priori unstable individuals. Since proposed methods do not make any assumption on the characteristics of the subjects, the aim of the ...
Teder Tiit T Department of Zoology, Institute of Ecology and Earth Sciences, University of Tartu, Vanemuise 46, EE-51014, Tartu, Estonia. - - 2014
Optimality models predict that diet-induced bivariate reaction norms for age and size at maturity can have diverse shapes, with the slope varying from negative to positive. To evaluate these predictions, we perform a quantitative review of relevant data, using a literature-derived data base of body sizes and development times for ...
Cañas-Álvarez J J JJ Grup de Recerca en Remugants, Departament de Ciència Animal i dels Aliments, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, - - 2014
Demographic and pedigree analyses describe the structure and dynamics of livestock populations. We studied information recorded in the herd-books of Asturiana de los Valles (AV; N = 458,806), Avileña - Negra Ibérica (ANI; N = 204,623), Bruna dels Pirineus (BP; N = 62,138), Morucha (Mo; N = 65,350), Pirenaica (Pi; ...
Lynch Frances L FL Center for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Northwest, Portland, Oregon. Electronic address: - - 2014
Suicide is a leading cause of death in the U.S. and results in immense suffering and significant cost. Effective suicide prevention interventions could reduce this burden, but policy makers need estimates of health outcomes achieved by alternative interventions to focus implementation efforts. To illustrate the utility of health outcome models ...
Curry Allison E AE Center for Injury Research and Prevention, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Electronic address: - - 2014
The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) collects and publishes annual state-based counts of licensed drivers, which have been used to estimate per-driver crash rates and document a decline in young licensed drivers. The accuracy of these data has been questioned. We compared the number of young licensed drivers as reported by ...
Kim Hong-Kyun HK Postgraduate student, Department of Oral Anatomy, Dental Research Institute, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to explore the shape differences in maxillary first molars with orthographic measurements using 3-dimensional virtual models to assess whether there is variability in morphology that could affect the alignment results when treated by straight-wire appliance systems. A total of 175 maxillary first molars with ...
Pineda A - - 2014
Appropriate normative data is of critical importance to aide neuropsychologists in arriving at diagnostic conclusions. However, for patients from diverse cultural backgrounds, normative data is often at times hampered by the small samples available in the literature. The current case study highlights the impact that the updated Repeatable Battery for ...
Celinski M - - 2014
Assess the concordance between Psycho-Assistant (PA) and the Structured Inventory of Malingered Symptomatology (SIMS) for the assessment of symptom exaggeration. A total of 31 post-MVA compensation-seeking consecutive referrals were evaluated, which was 44% male with an average age of 39.6 years (SD = 15.3) and 13.8 years of education (SD ...
Delgado Julio J Department of Hematology, Hospital Clínic, IDIBAPS, Barcelona - - 2014
The widespread availability of statistical packages has undoubtedly helped hematologists worldwide in the analysis of their data, but has also led to the inappropriate use of statistical methods. In this article, we review some basic concepts of survival analysis and also make recommendations about how and when to perform each ...
Su Chia-Ting CT Chia-Ting Su, PhD, OTR, is Associate Professor, Fu Jen Catholic University, College of Medicine, Department of Occupational Therapy, New Taipei City, - - 2014
This study investigated the validity of sensory systems as distinct measurable constructs as part of a larger project examining Ayres's theory of sensory integration. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was conducted to test whether sensory questionnaire items represent distinct sensory system constructs. Data were obtained from clinical records of two age ...
Kawalilak C E CE College of Kinesiology, University of Saskatchewan, - - 2014
To assess the linearity and sex-specificity of damping coefficients used in a single-damper-model (SDM) when predicting impact forces during the worst-case falling scenario from fall heights up to 25 cm. Using 3-dimensional motion tracking and an integrated force plate, impact forces and impact velocities were assessed from 10 young adults ...
Vincenzi Simone S Center for Stock Assessment Research, Department of Applied Mathematics and Statistics, University of California, Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, California, United States of America; Dipartimento di Elettronica, Informazione e Bioingegneria Politecnico di Milano, Milan, - - 2014
The differences in demographic and life-history processes between organisms living in the same population have important consequences for ecological and evolutionary dynamics. Modern statistical and computational methods allow the investigation of individual and shared (among homogeneous groups) determinants of the observed variation in growth. We use an Empirical Bayes approach ...
Kim Seong-Hyeon SH Fuller Graduate School of Psychology, Pasadena, CA, USA shkim@fuller.edu - - 2014
We investigated the cross-cultural factorial validity of the three Higher-Order (H-O) scales in the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) among a sample of North Korean female refugees (N = 2,732). Given the importance of the H-O scales in the overall structure of the MMPI-2-RF scales and in interpretation, ...
Barclay Ruth R Department of Physical Therapy, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada - - 2014
To develop a model of community ambulation after stroke based on: Canadian data from community-dwelling individuals post-stroke; the experiences and opportunities for community ambulation expressed by individuals with stroke; and current literature. The model presents a visual depiction of the relationships between the different factors of community ambulation after stroke. ...
Lee Jun Mo JM Glaucoma Division, Siloam Eye Hospital, Seoul, South Korea, - - 2014
Our aim was to compare fit and predictive performance effectiveness of four pointwise regression models in measuring the visual field (VF) decay rate of progression in patients with open-angle glaucoma. We selected Humphrey VF data of patients with open-angle glaucoma with a minimum follow-up time of 6 years. For each eye ...
Cross Keith P - - 2014
Abstract Objective. Methods currently used to triage patients from mass casualty events have a sparse evidence basis. The objective of this project was to assess gaps of the widely used Simple Triage and Rapid Transport (START) algorithm using a large database when it is used to triage low-acuity patients. Subsequently, ...
Evans Steven N SN Department of Statistics, University of California, #3860, 367 Evans Hall, Berkeley, CA, 94720-3860, USA, - - 2014
We consider a population living in a patchy environment that varies stochastically in space and time. The population is composed of two morphs (that is, individuals of the same species with different genotypes). In terms of survival and reproductive success, the associated phenotypes differ only in their habitat selection strategies. ...
Dufrasne M M Animal Science Unit, Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, University of Liège, B-5030 Gembloux, Belgium Fonds pour la formation à la Recherche dans l'Industrie et dans l'Agriculture (FRIA), B-1000 Brussels, Belgium - - 2014
The objective of this study was to estimate the dominance variance for repeated live BW records in a crossbred population of pigs. Data were provided by the Walloon Pig Breeding Association and included 22,197 BW records of 2,999 crossbred Piétrain × Landrace K+ pigs from 50 to 210 d of ...
Mistry Hema H Warwick Medical School,University of - - 2014
Objectives: In economic evaluations of healthcare technologies, situations arise where data are not randomized and numbers are small. For this reason, obtaining reliable cost estimates of such interventions may be difficult. This study explores two approaches in obtaining cost estimates for pregnant women screened for a fetal cardiac anomaly. Methods: ...
Jensen S S CSIRO, Animal, Food and Health Sciences, Kensington, WA, Australia; CSIRO Food Futures National Research Flagship, Canberra, ACT, - - 2014
Computer aided x-ray microtomography is an increasingly popular method to investigate the structure of materials. Continuing improvements in the technique are resulting in increasingly larger data sets. The analysis of these data sets generally involves executing a static workflow for multiple samples and is generally performed manually by researchers. Executing ...
Durbin Dennis R DR Center for Injury Research and Prevention, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA; Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA; Department of Pediatrics, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Despite demonstrating basic vehicle operations skills sufficient to pass a state licensing test, novice teen drivers demonstrate several deficits in tactical driving skills during the first several months of independent driving. Improving our knowledge of the types of errors made by teen permit holders early in the learning process would ...
Rosenberg Philip S PS Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health - - 2014
Age-period-cohort (APC) analysis can inform registry-based studies of cancer incidence and mortality, but concerns about statistical identifiability and interpretability, as well as the learning curves of statistical software packages, have limited its uptake. We implemented a panel of easy-to-interpret estimable APC functions and corresponding Wald tests in R code that ...
Weeks S C SC Integrated Bioscience Program, Department of Biology, The University of Akron, Akron, OH, - - 2014
The evolution of hermaphroditism from dioecy is a poorly studied transition. Androdioecy (the coexistence of males and hermaphrodites) has been suggested as an intermediate step in this evolutionary transition or could be a stable reproductive mode. Freshwater crustaceans in the genus Eulimnadia have reproduced via androdioecy for 24+ million years ...
Burgdorf James R JR School of Medicine, Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, Health Policy Division, University of California - San Diego, La Jolla, - - 2014
To examine the robustness of findings regarding state-level adult dependent coverage expansions using detailed outcomes that specify coverage source. This study uses the 2001-2009 files of the Current Population Survey's Annual Social and Economic Supplement, covering calendar years 2000-2008, and considers young adults ages 19 through 29. Difference-in-differences methods were ...
Morais Jorge E JE Department of Sport Sciences, Polytechnic Institute of Bragança, Bragança, Portugal; Research Centre in Sports, Health and Human Development, Vila Real, - - 2014
New theories about dynamical systems highlight the multi-factorial interplay between determinant factors to achieve higher sports performances, including in swimming. Longitudinal research does provide useful information on the sportsmen's changes and how training help him to excel. These questions may be addressed in one single procedure such as latent growth ...
Wilson Lucy L Department of Biology, University of New Brunswick in Saint John, P.O. Box 5050, 100 Tucker Park Road, Saint John, N.B. E2L 4L5, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
We apply a resource selection model to the lithic assemblages from 11 archaeological layers at a Middle Palaeolithic site in southern France, the Bau de l'Aubesier. The model calculates how to weight each of 10 variables in order to best match the proportions of raw materials from various potential sources ...
Plavcan J Michael JM Department of Anthropology, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, - - 2014
Femoral head size provides important information on body size in extinct species. Although it is well-known that femoral head size is correlated with acetabular size, the precision with which femoral head size can be estimated from acetabular size has not been quantified. The availability of accurate 3D surface models of ...
Zilioli Samuele S Department of Psychology, Simon Fraser University, - - 2014
The biosocial model of status predicts a competition effect (or winner-loser effect), whereby winning a competition should cause a rise in testosterone relative to losing. However, its applicability to women and the role of contextual factors, such as a decisive versus close match, have been overlooked. In two studies of ...
Mandal Sumit S 1.Department of Human Ecology, University of Alberta, Human Ecology Building, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2N1, - - 2014
Fabric-based protective clothing is widely used for occupational safety of firefighters/industrial workers. The aim of this paper is to study thermal protective performance provided by fabric systems and to propose an effective model for predicting the thermal protective performance under various thermal exposures. Different fabric systems that are commonly used ...
Bravo Gustavo A GA Museum of Natural Science and Department of Biological Sciences, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, 70803, USA; Current address: Seção de Aves, Museu de Zoologia, Universidade de São Paulo (MZUSP), Caixa Postal 42.494, CEP 04218-970, São Paulo, SP, Brasil. - - 2014
Phylogenetic niche conservatism and convergence are contrasting evolutionary patterns that describe phenotypic similarity across independent lineages. Assessing whether and how adaptive processes give origin to these patterns represent a fundamental step toward understanding phenotypic evolution. Phylogenetic model-based approaches offer the opportunity not only to distinguish between phylogenetic niche conservatism and ...
LaPorte G Jake GJ Department of Mathematical Sciences, United States Military Academy West Point, NY 10996, United States. - - 2014
Abstract Adaptive population sizing aims at improving the overall progress of an evolution strategy. At each generation, it determines the parental population size that promises the largest fitness gain, based on the information collected during the evolutionary process. In this paper, we develop an adaptive variant of a (μ/μ,λ) evolution ...
Valkonen Janne K JK Department of Biological and Environmental Science, Centre of Excellence in Biological Interactions, University of Jyväskylä, P.O. Box 35, Jyväskylä, 40014, - - 2014
The phenomenon of Batesian mimicry, where a palatable animal gains protection against predation by resembling an unpalatable model, has been a core interest of evolutionary biologists for 150 years. An extensive range of studies has focused on revealing mechanistic aspects of mimicry (shared education and generalization of predators) and the ...
Zhou Yin Y Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National University of Singapore, 117583 Singapore, Singapore; Institute of VLSI Design, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, - - 2014
Online spike detection is an important step to compress neural data and perform real-time neural information decoding. An unsupervised, automatic, yet robust signal processing is strongly desired, thus it can support a wide range of applications. We have developed a novel spike detection algorithm called "exponential component-polynomial component" (EC-PC) spike ...
Komilis Dimitrios D Democritus University of Thrace, Greece - - 2014
The goal of the work was to develop and verify a one-dimensional monthly water budget model (MWBM) to predict leachate generation rates from operating landfills. Although there has been a considerable modelling work on the hydraulic behaviour of landfills after they reach closure, less attention has been given on such ...
Mounajjed Taofic T Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905. Electronic address: - - 2014
The emergence of individualized medicine is driven by developments in precision diagnostics, epitomized by molecular testing. Because treatment decisions are being made based on such molecular data, data management is gaining major importance. Among data management challenges, creating workflow solutions for timely delivery of molecular data has become pivotal. This ...
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