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Treinys, Rimgaudas
In the mid-20 century, Lesser Spotted Eagle (Aquila pomarina) was considered to be one of the most abundant species among the birds of prey in the forests of Lithuania. The estimates of the national population changed from 300.500 to 1,500.1,800 pairs in 1994 and 2005, respectively. Changes in the population ...
Reed J Michael JM Department of Biology, Tufts University, Medford, MA 02155, USA - - 2014
The Devil's Hole pupfish Cyprinodon diabolis has iconic status among conservation biologists because it is one of the World's most vulnerable species. Furthermore, C. diabolis is the most widely cited example of a persistent, small, isolated vertebrate population; a chronic exception to the rule that small populations do not persist ...
Al-Isawi Rawaa R Civil Engineering Research Group, School of Computing, Science and Engineering, The University of Salford, Newton Building, Salford, M5 4WT, England, - - 2014
Clogging often leads to a decrease of the treatment performance of wetlands. The aims of this study were to compare the impact of different design and operational variables on the treatment efficiency and clogging processes and to model suspended solid (SS) accumulation within the saturated wetland zone using the Wang-Scholz ...
Knigge Ryan P RP Evolutionary Anthropology Lab, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, 55454, - - 2014
Western gorillas (Gorilla gorilla) are known to climb significantly more often than eastern gorillas (Gorilla beringei), a behavioral distinction attributable to major differences in their respective habitats (i.e., highland vs lowland). Genetic evidence suggests that the lineages leading to these taxa began diverging from one another between approximately 1 and ...
Pakpour Amir H AH Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran; Department of Public Health, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to establish the psychometric properties of the Rapid Estimate of adult Literacy in Dentistry-99 (REALD-99) in the Persian language for use in an Iranian population (IREALD-99). A total of 421 participants with a mean age of 28 years (59% male) were included in the ...
Saltré Frédérik F CEFE UMR 5175, CNRS - Université de Montpellier - Université Paul-Valéry Montpellier - EPHE, 1919 route de Mende, 34293, Montpellier cedex 05, France; The Environment Institute, School of Earth and Environmental Science, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, 5005, - - 2014
Recent efforts to incorporate migration processes into species distribution models (SDMs) are allowing assessments of whether species are likely to be able to track their future climate optimum and the possible causes of failing to do so. Here we projected the range shift of European beech over the 21(st) century ...
Verdam Mathilde G E MG Department of Medical Psychology, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, - - 2014
Missing data due to attrition present a challenge for the assessment and interpretation of change and response shift in HRQL outcomes. The objective was to handle such missingness and to assess response shift and 'true change' with the use of an attrition-based multigroup structural equation modeling (SEM) approach. Functional limitations ...
Jiang XingPeng X College of Computing and Informatics, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, - - 2014
With the rapid accumulation of high-throughput metagenomic sequencing data, it is possible to infer microbial species relations in a microbial community systematically. In recent years, some approaches have been proposed for identifying microbial interaction network. These methods often focus on one dataset without considering the advantage of data integration. In ...
Letcher Benjamin H BH S.O. Conte Anadromous Fish Research Center, US Geological Survey/Leetown Science Center, Turners Falls, Massachusetts, 01376, - - 2014
1.Modeling the effects of environmental change on populations is a key challenge for ecologists, particularly as the pace of change increases. Currently, modeling efforts are limited by difficulties in establishing robust relationships between environmental drivers and population responses. 2.We developed an integrated capture-recapture state-space model to estimate the effects of ...
Liu Zhen-Wen ZW Key Laboratory for Plant Diversity and Biogeography of East Asia, Kuming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650201, China - - 2014
In the Northern Hemisphere, Tertiary relict disjunctions involve older groups of warm affinity and wide disjunctions, whereas circumboreal distributions in Arctic-Alpine taxa tend to be younger. Arctic-Alpine species are occasionally derived from Tertiary relict groups, but Pyrola species, in particular, are exceptional and they might have occurred multiple times. The ...
Butt Debra A DA Research Institute, Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ont., - - 2014
Background: Epidemiological studies for identifying patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) or Parkinsonism (PKM) have been limited by their nonrandom sampling techniques and mainly veteran populations. This reduces their use for health services planning. The purpose of this study was to validate algorithms for the case ascertainment of PKM from administrative ...
Facal David D Departament of Developmental Psychology, University de Santiago de Compostela, A Coruña, - - 2014
Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a complex entity, which can involve persistence of the symptoms, conversion to dementia or improvement. The aim was to study the transitions between normal cognitive ageing and three MCI subtypes by using Markov transition models for different intervals between baseline and the follow-up assessment. A ...
Lemarchand Claire A CA DNRF Centre "Glass and Time," IMFUFA, Department of Sciences, Roskilde University, Postbox 260, DK-4000 Roskilde, - - 2014
Asphaltene and smaller aromatic molecules tend to form linear nanoaggregates in bitumen. Over the years bitumen undergoes chemical aging and during this process, the size of the nanoaggregate increases. This increase is associated with an increase in viscosity and brittleness of the bitumen, eventually leading to road deterioration. This paper ...
Godar Javier J Stockholm Environment Institute, 104 51 Stockholm, Sweden; - - 2014
Annual deforestation rates in the Brazilian Amazon fell by 77% between 2004 and 2011, yet have stabilized since 2009 at 5,000-7,000 km(2). We provide the first submunicipality assessment, to our knowledge, of actor-specific contributions to the deforestation slowdown by linking agricultural census and remote-sensing data on deforestation and forest degradation. ...
Heshmati Almas A Jönköping University, - - 2014
This study analyzes landmine victim data in the Kurdistan Region during the period 1960 to 2005. A regression analysis is used to identify the determinants and impact of the probability of getting killed by mines and unexploded ordnances. The rates of killed/injured victims are explained using a set of socioeconomic ...
Edvardsson Johannes J Dendrolab.ch, Institute of Geological Sciences, University of Berne, Baltzerstrasse 1+3, CH-3012 Berne, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Over the past century an ongoing establishment of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.), sometimes at accelerating rates, is noted at three studied Lithuanian peat bogs, namely Kerėplis, Rėkyva and Aukštumala, all representing different degrees of tree coverage and geographic settings. Present establishment rates seem to depend on tree density on ...
Andrus J Malia JM Waterborne Environmental, Inc., 2001 South First Street, Suite 109, Champaign, IL 61820, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Potential effects of pesticides on stream algae occur alongside complex environmental influences; in situ studies examining these effects together are few, and have not typically controlled for collinearity of variables. We monitored the dynamics of periphyton, phytoplankton, and environmental factors including atrazine, and other water chemistry variables at 6 agricultural ...
Jiang Dan D Life Science College, Heilongjiang Bayi Agricultural University, Daqing, 163319, People's Republic of - - 2014
Common quantitative trait locus (QTL) mapping methods fail to analyze survival traits of skewed normal distributions. As a result, some mapping methods for survival traits have been proposed based on survival analysis. Under a single QTL model, however, those methods perform poorly in detecting multiple QTLs and provide biased estimates ...
Barcaro Giovanni G CNR-ICCOM & IPCF, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, via G. Moruzzi 1, 56124, Pisa, Italy. - - 2014
We propose an approach to accelerate the computational exploration and the prediction of the preferred chemical ordering in alloy nanoparticles. This approach, named Grouping Global Optimization (GGO), is based on grouping atoms into equivalence sets constrained to be occupied by the same elemental species, with a consequent significant reduction in ...
Harting Matthew T MT Department of Pediatric Surgery, University of Texas Medical School at Houston and Children's Memorial Hermann Hospital, Houston, TX, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia Study Group (CDHSG) is an international consortium of centers that prospectively collect and voluntarily contribute data about live-born CDH patients they manage. These data are compiled to form a registry from which any participating center may utilize the dataset to answer specific clinical questions and monitor ...
Manzanares Aarón A a Faculty of Sports Sciences and Physical Activity , Catholic University of Murcia , Murcia , - - 2014
Abstract The visual behaviour is a determining factor in sailing due to the influence of the environmental conditions. The aim of this research was to determine the visual behaviour pattern in sailors with different practice time in one star race, applying a probabilistic model based on Markov chains. The sample ...
Robins Chloe C Department of Human Genetics, Box 110, Emory University School of Medicine, 615 Michael St. NE, Atlanta, GA, 30322, USA, - - 2014
From an evolutionary perspective, the existence of senescence is a paradox. Why has senescence not been more effectively selected against given its associated decreases in Darwinian fitness? Why does senescence exist and how has it evolved? Three major theories offer explanations: (1) the theory of mutation accumulation suggested by PB ...
Chen Si-Bao - - 2014
Without constructing adjacency graph for neighborhood, we propose a method to learn similarity among sample points of manifold in Laplacian embedding (LE) based on adding constraints of linear reconstruction and least absolute shrinkage and selection operator type minimization. Two algorithms and corresponding analyses are presented to learn similarity for mixsignedand ...
Sunnerhagen Katharina S KS Rehabilitation Medicine, Institute for Neuroscience and Physiology,, University of Gothenburg, Per Dubbsgatan 14 3rd Floor, SU/Sahlgrenska, SE-413 45 Gothenburg, Sweden. - - 2014
Background: The healthcare sector needs to deliver evidence-based care and be cost-effective. This can be monitored in part via a national quality registry containing individualized data concerning patient problems, medical interventions, outcomes of treatment, and patient-reported outcomes. With this aim, WebRehab Sweden was launched in 1997 and has been available ...
Hedrick Brandon P BP Department of Earth and Environmental Science, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Theropoda was one of the most successful dinosaurian clades during the Mesozoic and has remained a dominant component of faunas throughout the Cenozoic, with nearly 10,000 extant representatives. The discovery of Archaeopteryx provides evidence that avian theropods evolved at least 155 million years ago and that more than half of ...
Hetzel Susan S SS S-E-A, Ltd, 7349 Worthington-Galena Road, Columbus, OH, - - 2014
The regulations for gasoline's content vary depending on the time of year and physical location within the United States while the refinery and distribution system mixes product batches; this results in variability of content. ASTM E1618 requires both the aromatic and alkane EIP patterns of gasoline to compare with references. ...
Lee Timothy R C TR School of Biological Sciences, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
The termite genus Coptotermes (Rhinotermitidae) is found in Asia, Africa, Central/South America and Australia, with greatest diversity in Asia. Some Coptotermes species are amongst the world's most damaging invasive termites, but the genus is also significant for containing the most sophisticated mound-building termites outside the family Termitidae. These mound-building Coptotermes ...
Bleich Sara N SN Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Supply-side reductions to the calories in chain restaurants are a possible benefit of upcoming menu labeling requirements. To describe trends in calories available in large U.S. restaurants. Data were obtained from the MenuStat project, a census of menu items in 66 of the 100 largest U.S. restaurant chains, for 2012 ...
Dasgupta Paramita - - 2014
Multilevel and spatial models are being increasingly used to obtain substantive information on area-level inequalities in cancer survival. Multilevel models assume independent geographical areas, whereas spatial models explicitly incorporate geographical correlation, often via a conditional autoregressive prior. However the relative merits of these methods for large population-based studies have not ...
Clarke Julia A JA Jackson School of Geosciences, The University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station C1100, Austin, TX 78712, U.S.A.; - - 2014
Approaches quantifying relative congruence, or incongruence, of molecular divergence estimates and the fossil record have been limited. Previously proposed methods are largely node specific, assessing incongruence at particular nodes for which both fossil data and molecular divergence estimates are available. These existing metrics, and other methods that quantify incongruence across ...
Ahlberg Ernst - - 2014
Structural alerts have been one of the backbones of computational toxicology and have applications in many areas including cosmetic, environmental and pharmaceutical toxicology. The development of structural alerts has always involved a manual analysis of existing data related to a relevant endpoint followed by the determination of substructures that appear ...
Kroep Sonja S Department of Public Health, Erasmus Medical Center University, Rotterdam, the Netherlands (SK, ILV, AVDS, MVB)Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA (JMI) - - 2014
. Estimates for the annual progression rate from Barrett's esophagus (BE) to esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) vary widely. In this explorative study, we quantified how this uncertainty affects the estimates of effectiveness and efficiency of screening and treatment for EAC. . We developed 3 versions of the University of Washington / ...
Motulsky Harvey J HJ GraphPad Software Inc., La Jolla, California - - 2014
Ideally, any experienced investigator with the right tools should be able to reproduce a finding published in a peer-reviewed biomedical science journal. In fact, however, the reproducibility of a large percentage of published findings has been questioned. Undoubtedly, there are many reasons for this, but one reason may be that ...
Lowin Julia J IMS Health, 210 Pentonville Road, London, N1 9JY, - - 2014
In 2010, almost every third pregnancy in Russia was terminated, indicating that unintended pregnancy (UP) is a public health problem. The aim of this study was to estimate the direct cost of UP to the healthcare system in Russia and the proportion attributable to using unreliable contraception. A cost model ...
VanRaden P M PM Animal Genomics and Improvement Laboratory, Agricultural Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, MD 20705-2350. Electronic address: - - 2014
Flexible software was designed to replace the current animal model programs used for national genetic evaluations. Model improvements included (1) multi-trait processing, (2) multiple fixed class and regression variables, (3) differing models for different traits, (4) random regressions, and (5) foreign data included using pseudo-records. Computational improvements included (6) parallel ...
Ait-Saidi A A Group of Research in Ruminants (G2R), Department of Animal and Food Sciences, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, - - 2014
With the aim of assessing the secondary benefits of using electronic identification (e-ID) in sheep farms, we compared the use of manual (M), semiautomatic (SA), and automatic (AU) data-collection systems for performance recording (i.e., milk, lambing, and weight) in 3 experiments. Ewes were identified with visual ear tags and electronic ...
Garripoli Carmine - - 2014
Telehealth systems and applications are extensively investigated nowadays to enhance the quality-of-care and, in particular, to detect emergency situations and to monitor the well-being of elderly people, allowing them to stay at home independently as long as possible. In this paper, an embedded telehealth system for continuous, automatic, and remote ...
Taylor Jeanette J Department of Psychology, Florida State University, 1107 W. Call St., Tallahassee, FL - - 2014
This study examined the association between socioemotional dispositions from the developmental propensity model and reading comprehension and whether those associations could be accounted for by level of chaos in the home. Data from 342 monozygotic and 333 same-sex dizygotic twin pairs age 7-13 years were used. A parent rated the ...
Lin Iris I Boston Health Economics, Inc., 20 Fox Road, Waltham, MA - - 2014
Abstract Objectives: To develop an economic model that estimates the cost burden of psychiatric relapse and recidivism among patients with schizophrenia recently released from incarceration from a US state government perspective. Methods: A Markov state-transition model was developed to estimate the numbers of schizophrenia patients recently-released from incarceration who would ...
Chen Feng F Key Laboratory of Road and Traffic Engineering of the Ministry of Education, Tongji University, 4800Cao'an Road, Shanghai 201804, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Random effects tobit models are developed in predicting hourly crash rates with refined-scale panel data structure in both temporal and spatial domains. The proposed models address left-censoring effects of crash rates data while accounting for unobserved heterogeneity across groups and serial correlations within group in the meantime. The utilization of ...
Ernest Paul J G PJ *University Eye Clinic Maastricht †Department of Epidemiology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The - - 2014
To develop a prediction model for glaucomatous visual field progression using easily accessible baseline clinical data. We collected baseline data of 613 consecutive patients with open-angle glaucoma from 2001 to 2003. The rate of visual field progression was calculated using the Visual Field Index (VFI) of routine follow-up examinations until ...
Steel Ruth Irene RI Department of Evolutionary Anthropology, Duke University, Box 90383, Science Drive, Durham, NC, 27708, USA, - - 2014
Primate field studies often estimate daily travel distance (DTD) in order to estimate energy expenditure and/or test foraging hypotheses. In group-living species, the center of mass (CM) method is traditionally used to measure DTD; a point is marked at the group's perceived center of mass at a set time interval ...
Brytek-Matera Anna A University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Campus in Katowice, ul. Techników 9, 40-326, Katowice, Poland, - - 2014
In Poland, appropriate means to assess body image are relatively limited. The aim of the study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Polish version of the Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire (MBSRQ). To do so, a sample of 341 females ranging in age from 18 to 35 years (M = 23.09; SD = 3.14) ...
Brusatte Stephen L SL School of GeoSciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JW, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
The evolution of birds from theropod dinosaurs was one of the great evolutionary transitions in the history of life [1-22]. The macroevolutionary tempo and mode of this transition is poorly studied, which is surprising because it may offer key insight into major questions in evolutionary biology, particularly whether the origins ...
Sandström Helena H Medical Radiation Physics, Stockholm University and Karolinska Institutet, P9 Heliport, 17176, Stockholm, Sweden, - - 2014
Radiosurgery clinical practice relays on   empirical observations and the experience of the practitioners involved in determining and delineating the target and therefore variability in target delineation might be expected for all the radiosurgery approaches, independent of the technique and the equipment used for delivering the treatment. The main aim of ...
Gonzalez Cleotilde C Dynamic Decision Making Laboratory, Department of Social and Decision Sciences, Carnegie Mellon - - 2014
We analyze the dynamics of repeated interaction of two players in the Prisoner's Dilemma (PD) under various levels of interdependency information and propose an instance-based learning cognitive model (IBL-PD) to explain how cooperation emerges over time. Six hypotheses are tested regarding how a player accounts for an opponent's outcomes: the ...
Heino Jani J Finnish Environment Institute, Natural Environment Centre, Biodiversity, P.O. Box 413, FI-90014, Oulu, - - 2014
1. Regional faunas are structured by historical, spatial and environmental factors. We studied large-scale variation in four ecologically different beetle groups (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae, Carabidae, Hydrophiloidea, Cerambycidae) along climate, land cover and geographical gradients, examined faunal breakpoints in relation to environmental variables, and investigated the best fit pattern of assemblage variation ...
Fuchs Jérôme J Department of Ornithology and Mammalogy, California Academy of Sciences, 55 Music Concourse Drive, San Francisco, CA 94118; UMR7205 Institut de Systématique, Evolution, Biodiversité CNRS MNHN UPMC EPHE, Département Systématique et Evolution, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, 55 Rue Buffon, 75005 Paris, France; UMS MNHN/CNRS 2700 Outils et Méthodes de la Systématique Intégrative (OMSI), Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, 57 rue Cuvier, F-75231 Paris Cedex 05, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Understanding how and why lineages diversify is central to understanding the origins of biological diversity. The avian family Falconidae (caracaras, forest-falcons, falcons) has an uneven distribution of species among multiple well-supported clades, and provides a useful system for testing hypotheses about diversification rate and correlation with environmental changes. We analyzed ...
Toledo Rafael R Departamento de Parasitología, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad de Valencia, Av. Vicente Andrés Estellés s/n, 46100, Burjassot - Valencia, Spain, - - 2014
Echinostomatidae (Trematoda) is the largest family within the class Trematoda. Members of this family have been studied for many years in relation to their utility as basic research models in biodiversity and systematics and also as experimental models in parasitology since they offer many advantages. Echinostomes have contributed significantly to ...
Scott M F MF Department of Botany, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, - - 2014
Many species delay development unless particular environments or rare disturbance events occur. How can such a strategy be favoured over continued development? Typically, it is assumed that continued development (e.g. germination) is not advantageous in environments that have low juvenile/seedling survival (mechanism 1), either due to abiotic or competitive effects. ...
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