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Treinys, Rimgaudas
In the mid-20 century, Lesser Spotted Eagle (Aquila pomarina) was considered to be one of the most abundant species among the birds of prey in the forests of Lithuania. The estimates of the national population changed from 300.500 to 1,500.1,800 pairs in 1994 and 2005, respectively. Changes in the population ...
Jiang Siwei - - 2014
An important consideration of multiobjective optimization (MOO) is the quantitative metrics used for defining the optimality of different solution sets, which is also the basic principle for the design and evaluation of MOO algorithms. Although a plethora of performance metrics have been proposed in the MOO context, there has been ...
Selonen Vesa V Section of Ecology, Department of Biology, University of Turku, 20014, Turku, Finland, - - 2014
According to producer-consumer models, consumers should follow pulsed resources with a time lag. This view has been challenged by studies demonstrating that individuals may anticipate future resource pulses by increasing reproduction just before the pulse. We studied population fluctuations and reproduction in European red squirrels, Sciurus vulgaris, in relation to ...
Zhao Haibing H School of Statistics and Management, Shanghai University of Finance and Economics, Shanghai, 200433, - - 2014
In many applications, researchers are interested in making q pairwise comparisons among k test groups on the basis of m outcome variables. Often, m is very large. For example, such situations arise in gene expression microarray studies involving several experimental groups. Researchers are often not only interested in identifying differentially ...
Benaglia Tatiana T Department of Statistics, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Sao Paulo, - - 2014
Health economic evaluations require estimates of expected survival from patients receiving different interventions, often over a lifetime. However, data on the patients of interest are typically only available for a much shorter follow-up time, from randomised trials or cohorts. Previous work showed how to use general population mortality to improve ...
Sena Lelisa - - 2014
BackgroundRefining the spatial and temporal data on malaria transmissions at a defined ecological setting has practical implications for targeted malaria control and enhancing efficient allocation of resources. Spatial and temporal distribution of P. falciparium and P. vivax were explored around the Gilgel Gibe Hydroelectric Dam (GGHD) in southwest Ethiopia.MethodsA review ...
Van den Heuvel Edwin R ER Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands Department of Epidemiology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Eindhoven, The Netherlands - - 2014
This paper compares the power of the parallel group design, the matched-pairs design, and several options for the stepped wedge and delayed start designs for testing a possible effect of intranasal insulin with respect to placebo on developmental growth of children with a rare disorder like Phelan-McDermid syndrome. A subject-specific ...
Zerriffi Hisham - - 2014
The opportunity to apply for carbon credits for cookstove projects creates a source of funding that can be leveraged to promote the 'win-win' environmental and development benefits of improved cookstoves. Yet, as in most environment-development efforts, unacknowledged tradeoffs exist under the all-encompassing 'win-win' claims. This study therefore compares different scenarios ...
Kang Le L Department of Biostatistics, School of Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, U.S.A.; Division of Imaging, Diagnostics, and Software Reliability, Office of Science and Engineering Laboratories, Center for Devices and Radiological Health, US Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, MD, - - 2014
The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve is often used as a summary index of the diagnostic ability in evaluating biomarkers when the clinical outcome (truth) is binary. When the clinical outcome is right-censored survival time, the C index, motivated as an extension of area under the receiver operating ...
Thirstrup J P JP Institute for Molecular Biology and Genetics, Faculty of Science and technology, Aarhus University, 8830 Tjele, Denmark - - 2014
Crosses between different mink lines from three Danish mink farms, with that use different breeding strategies, were studied in order to estimate heterosis and variance components for litter size. The study was designed to analyze design allowed for analyses of various crossing combinations, both crosses between lines within of the ...
Tosa Marie I MI 1  Cooperative Wildlife Research Laboratory, Department of Zoology, and Center for Ecology, Southern Illinois University, 1125 Lincoln Drive, Carbondale, Illinois 62901, - - 2014
Abstract Social interactions can influence infectious disease dynamics, particularly for directly transmitted pathogens. Therefore, reliable information on contact frequency within and among groups can better inform disease modeling and management. We compared three methods of assessing contact patterns: (1) space-use overlap (volume of interaction [VI]), (2) direct contact rates measured ...
Ardic Aysun A 1PhD, Research Assistant, Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey. 2PhD, Associate Professor, Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing, Istanbul University. Istanbul, - - 2014
The Adolescent Lifestyle Profile (ALP) scale, based on the Health Promotion Model, is designed to asses the health promotion lifestyle profile of adolescents. This study is the first psychometric research of the ALP scale. The aims of this study were to translate the ALP scale into Turkish and to assess ...
Velie B D BD Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Sydney, Camperdown, Sydney, NSW, 2006, - - 2014
Performance data for 164 046 Thoroughbreds entered in a race or official barrier trial in Australia were provided by Racing Information Services Australia. Analyses estimating the heritability for a range of racing performance traits using a single-trait animal model were performed using asreml-r. Log of cumulative earnings (LCE; 0.19 ± 0.01), log of ...
Zhang JunQi - - 2014
Learning automata (LA) are powerful tools for reinforcement learning. A discretized pursuit LA is the most popular one among them. During an iteration its operation consists of three basic phases: 1) selecting the next action; 2) finding the optimal estimated action; and 3) updating the state probability. However, when the ...
Widdifield Jessica J Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences (ICES), Toronto, Ontario, Canada - - 2014
Few studies have assessed the accuracy of administrative data for identifying multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. To validate administrative data algorithms for MS, and describe the burden and epidemiology over time in Ontario, Canada. We employed a validated search strategy to identify all MS patients within electronic medical records, to identify ...
Watson David D University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN, USA - - 2014
Trait affect scales have been a mainstay of the assessment literature for more than 50 years. These scales have demonstrated impressive construct validity, including substantial relations with personality, satisfaction, and psychopathology. However, the accumulating evidence has exposed several limitations, including (a) problems associated with retrospective biases, (b) lower temporal stability ...
Harstad Elizabeth B EB Division of Developmental Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA, - - 2014
Controversy exists regarding the DSM-5 criteria for ASD. This study tested the psychometric properties of the DSM-5 model and determined how well it performed across different gender, IQ, and DSM-IV-TR sub-type, using clinically collected data on 227 subjects (median age = 3.95 years, majority had IQ > 70). DSM-5 was psychometrically superior to the DSM-IV-TR ...
Kouazounde J B JB 1Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technique,University of Abomey-Calavi,P.O. Box 526,Cotonou,Republic of - - 2014
The objective of this study was to develop emission factors (EF) for methane (CH4) emissions from enteric fermentation in cattle native to Benin. Information on livestock characteristics and diet practices specific to the Benin cattle population were gathered from a variety of sources and used to estimate EF according to ...
Calistri P P Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale dell'Abruzzo e del Molise "G. Caporale", Teramo, - - 2014
In August 2008, after 10 years of apparent silence, West Nile virus (WNV) infection re-emerged in northern Italy, spreading through the territories of three regions. In the following years, new cases occurred in the same area and additional foci of infection were observed in central and southern Italy, involving also Sicily ...
Li Y Y Joint Program in Survey Methodology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, - - 2014
Determining the extent of a disparity, if any, between groups of people, for example, race or gender, is of interest in many fields, including public health for medical treatment and prevention of disease. An observed difference in the mean outcome between an advantaged group (AG) and disadvantaged group (DG) can ...
Reed J Michael JM Department of Biology, Tufts University, Medford, MA 02155, USA - - 2014
The Devil's Hole pupfish Cyprinodon diabolis has iconic status among conservation biologists because it is one of the World's most vulnerable species. Furthermore, C. diabolis is the most widely cited example of a persistent, small, isolated vertebrate population; a chronic exception to the rule that small populations do not persist ...
Yaya Bocoum Fadima - - 2014
BackgroundThe provision of insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) is widely accepted in Burkina Faso thanks to large-scale national distribution campaigns. However, household also use other methods of prevention. Thus far, there is little knowledge about the expenditures of these malaria prevention methods, particularly in combination with the national interventions. This paper presents ...
Arnold Rachel R a School of Sport, Exercise, and Health Sciences , Loughborough University , - - 2014
Abstract The Sport Emotion Questionnaire (SEQ) (Jones, M. V., Lane, A. M., Bray, S. R., Uphill, M., & Catlin, J. (2005). Development and validation of the SEQ. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 27, 407-431) was developed and initially validated to assess sport performers' pre-competitive emotions. The purpose of this ...
Mokin M M From the Departments of Neurosurgery (M.M., E.I.L., A.H.S.), Biomedical Engineering (S.V.S.N., C.N.I.), Electrical Engineering (S.V.S.N.), Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering (S.V.S.N.), and Radiology (E.I.L., A.H.S.) and Toshiba Stroke and Vascular Research Center (C.N.I., E.I.L., A.H.S.), University at Buffalo, State University of New York, Buffalo, New York; and Jacobs Institute (A.H.S.), Buffalo, New - - 2014
A new in vitro cerebrovascular occlusion model of the intracranial circulation was developed recently for testing thrombectomy devices. Using this model, we compared recanalization success associated with different modern endovascular thrombectomy approaches. Model experiments were performed in 4 thrombectomy test groups: 1) primary or direct Stentriever thrombectomy with a conventional ...
Chen Andrew A Department of Ophthalmology, UCLA, 100 Stein Plaza, Los Angeles, CA, 90095, United - - 2014
Purpose: To evaluate and compare the ability of pointwise linear, exponential, and logistic functions, and combinations of functions, to model the longitudinal behavior of visual field (VF) series and predict future VF loss in patients with glaucoma. Methods: Visual field series from 782 eyes (572 patients) with open-angle glaucoma had ...
Teixeira Carlos A CA CITAB - Centre for the Research and Technology of Agro-Environmental and Biological Sciences, University of Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Vila Real, Portugal - - 2014
This article describes an accurate methodology for an operational, economic, and environmental assessment of municipal solid waste collection. The proposed methodological tool uses key performance indicators to evaluate independent operational and economic efficiency and performance of municipal solid waste collection practices. These key performance indicators are then used in life ...
Hébert-Losier Kim K 1Swedish Winter Sports Research Centre, Department of Health Sciences, Mid Sweden University, Östersund, Sweden; 2College of Sport and Exercise Science, Victoria University, Melbourne, - - 2014
An improvement equal to 0.3 of the typical variation in an elite athlete's race-to-race performance estimates the smallest worthwhile enhancement, which has not yet been determined for orienteers. Moreover, much of the research in high-performance orienteering has focused on physical and cognitive aspects, although course characteristics might influence race performance. ...
Hermesch S S AGBU, University of New England, Armidale New South Wales 2351, Australia - - 2014
The objective of this paper was to derive economic weights for performance and survival traits of growing pigs including feed conversion ratio (FCR), daily feed intake (DFI), average daily gain (ADG), post-weaning survival of the growing pig (SG) and carcass fat depth at the P2 site (CFD). An independent model ...
Fuhrer Timothy J TJ Department of Chemistry, Radford University, Box 6949, Radford, Virginia, - - 2014
Fullerenes and their structure and stability have been a major topic of discussion and research since their discovery nearly 30 years ago. The isolated pentagon rule (IPR) has long served as a guideline for predicting the most stable fullerene cages. More recently, endohedral metallofullerenes have been discovered that violate the ...
Morris Craig F CF Author Morris is with USDA-ARS Western Wheat Quality Laboratory, E-202 Food Quality East, Washington State Univ, P.O. Box 646394, Pullman, WA, - - 2014
Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) plays a central role in the health and nutrition of humans. Yet, little is known about possible flavor differences among different varieties. We have developed a model system using the house mouse (Mus musculus L.) to determine feeding preferences as a prelude to extending results to ...
Huang Qin Q a Office of Biostatistics , Center for Drug Evaluation, SFDA , Beijing , P.R. China - - 2014
ABSTRACT Ethnic factors pose major challenge to evaluating the treatment effect of a new drug in a targeted ethnic (TE) population in emerging regions based on the results from a multi-regional clinical trial (MRCT) (ICHE5, 1998). To address this issue with statistical rigor, Huang, et al. (2012) proposed a new ...
Amer P R PR AbacusBio Ltd, 1st Floor Public Trust Building, 442 Moray Place, P O Box 5585, Dunedin, 9058, New - - 2014
The objective of this study was to develop a transparent, comprehensive and flexible model for each trait for the formulation of breeding objectives for sow traits in swine breeding programs. Economic values were derived from sub-models considering a typical Australian pig production system. Differences in timing and expressions of traits ...
Gianola Daniel D Department of Animal Sciences, Department of Biostatistics and Medical Informatics, Department of Dairy Science, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, Institute of Advances Studies, Technical University of Munich, 85748 Garching, Germany, and Chair of Plant Breeding at TUM-Weihenstephan, 85354 Freising, Germany; email: - - 2014
Statistical methodology has played a key role in scientific animal breeding. Approximately one hundred years of statistical developments in animal breeding are reviewed. Some of the scientific foundations of the field are discussed, and many milestones are examined from historical and critical perspectives. The review concludes with a discussion of ...
Douhard F F INRA, UMR 791 MoSAR, F-75005 Paris, France INRA, UMR 1048 Sad-APT, F-75005 Paris, France AgroParisTech, UMR 791 MoSAR, F-75005 Paris, France AgroParisTech, UMR 1048 Sad-APT, F-75005 Paris, France - - 2014
Although most of the genetic progress in production efficiency is achieved through selection at a global scale, locally, farm managers can also influence the selection process to better match genotypes and their varying herd environment. This study focused on the influence of a particular management decision-the use of extended lactation ...
Hu Jun J From the Department of Spine Surgery, Drum Tower Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University, Nanjing, - - 2014
A retrospective radiographical study. To construct a predictive model for pelvic tilt (PT) based on the sacrofemoral-pubic (SFP) angle in patients with thoracolumbar kyphosis secondary to ankylosing spondylitis (or AS). PT is a key pelvic parameter in the regulation of spine sagittal alignment that can be used to plan the ...
Ryu Jihye - - 2014
This study investigated heritability for bovine growth estimated with genomewide single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) information obtained from a DNA microarray chip. Three hundred sixty seven Korean cattle were genotyped with the Illumina BovineSNP50 BeadChip, and 39,112 SNPs of 364 animals filtered by quality assurance were analyzed to estimate heritability of ...
Costa C C Consiglio per la Ricerca e la sperimentazione in Agricoltura, Unità di ricerca per l'ingegneria agraria, Rome, - - 2014
Forecasting symptoms of pollen-related allergic rhinoconjunctivitis at the level of individual patients would be useful to improve disease control and plan pharmacological intervention. Information Technology nowadays facilitates a more efficient and easier monitoring of patients with chronic diseases. We aimed this study at testing the efficiency of a model to ...
Chen S C SC Department of Public Health,Chung Shan Medical - - 2014
SUMMARY The purpose of this paper was to determine how contact behaviour change influences the indoor transmission of influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 among school children. We incorporated transmission rate matrices constructed from questionnaire responses into an epidemiological model to simulate contact behaviour change during an influenza epidemic. We constructed a dose-response model ...
Kolesnikov Nikolay N European Molecular Biology Laboratory, European Bioinformatics Institute, EMBL-EBI, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, CB10 1SD, - - 2014
The ArrayExpress Archive of Functional Genomics Data (http://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress) is an international functional genomics database at the European Bioinformatics Institute (EMBL-EBI) recommended by most journals as a repository for data supporting peer-reviewed publications. It contains data from over 7000 public sequencing and 42 000 array-based studies comprising over 1.5 million assays ...
Fernández M D MD Experimental Station of Cajamar 'Palmerillas' (Cajamar Foundation), 04710, El Ejido, Almeria, Spain, - - 2014
A typical meteorological year (TMY) represents the typical meteorological conditions over many years but still contains the short term fluctuations which are absent from long-term averaged data. Meteorological data were measured at the Experimental Station of Cajamar 'Las Palmerillas' (Cajamar Foundation) in Almeria, Spain, over 19 years at the meteorological station ...
Shryock Daniel F DF U.S. Geological Survey, Western Ecological Research Center, 160 N. Stephanie Street, Henderson, Nevada 89014 - - 2014
• A key question concerns the vulnerability of desert species adapted to harsh, variable climates to future climate change. Evaluating this requires coupling long-term demographic models with information on past and projected future climates. We investigated climatic drivers of population growth using a 22-yr demographic model for Pediocactus bradyi, an ...
Guterbock Walter M WM Sixmile Land and Cattle, - - 2014
The primary source of data on bovine respiratory disease (BRD) prevalence in US adult dairy cattle is producer surveys, which estimate that 2.4-2.9% of cattle are affected. This estimate appears low when compared to calculations based on limited data regarding on-farm deaths due to BRD and the number of carcasses ...
Altwegg Res R South African National Biodiversity Institute, P/Bag X7, Claremont, 7735, South Africa, - - 2014
Crown fire is a key selective pressure in Mediterranean-type plant communities. Adaptive responses to fire regimes involve trade-offs between investment for persistence (fire survival and resprouting) and reproduction (fire mortality, fast growth to reproductive maturity, and reseeding) as investments that enhance adult survival lower growth and reproductive rates. Southern hemisphere ...
Azimi Parisa P *Department of Neurosurgery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran †Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Department of Neurosurgery, Cleveland, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to develop an artificial neural network (ANN) model to predict recurrent lumbar disc herniation (LDH). An ANN model and a logistic regression (LR) model were used to predict recurrent LDH. The age, gender, duration of symptoms, smoking status, recurrent LDH, level of herniation, type ...
Allen Sian V SV High Performance Sport New Zealand, Auckland, New - - 2014
Talent identification and development typically involve allocation of resources towards athletes selected on the basis of early career performance. To compare four methods for early career selection of Australia's 2012 Olympic-qualifying swimmers. Performance times from 5738 Australian swimmers in individual Olympic events at 101 competitions between 2000 and 2012 were ...
Awad Zaid Z Department of Surgery and Cancer, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom; Department of Otolaryngology, St. Mary's Hospital, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, London, United - - 2014
To investigate the reliability and construct validity of procedure-based assessment (PBA) in assessing performance and progress in otolaryngology training. Retrospective database analysis using a national electronic database. We analyzed PBAs of otolaryngology trainees in North London from core trainees (CTs) to specialty trainees (STs). The tool contains six multi-item domains: ...
Taylor John M - - 2014
Although the 10-item Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10) is a popular measure, a review of the literature reveals 3 significant gaps: (a) There is some debate as to whether a 1- or a 2-factor model best describes the relationships among the PSS-10 items, (b) little information is available on the performance ...
Campbell Jonathan D JD University of Colorado Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Aurora, CO (JDC, RBM, AML)University of York, York, UK (DES)University of Washington, Seattle, WA (JJC)University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK (AB) - - 2014
To compare model input influence on incremental net monetary benefit (INMB) across 3 uncertainty methods: 1) 1-way sensitivity analysis; 2) probabilistic analysis of covariance (ANCOVA); and 3) expected value of partial perfect information (EVPPI). In a preliminary model, we used a published cost-effectiveness model and assumed £20,000 per quality-adjusted life-year ...
Nüesch Eveline E Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, - - 2014
to develop and validate a prediction model for incident locomotor disability after 7 years in older adults. prospective British cohort studies: British Women's Heart and Health Study (BWHHS) for development and the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA) for validation. community-dwelling older adults. multivariable logistic regression models after selection of ...
Deville Pierre P Department of Applied Mathematics, Université catholique de Louvain, 1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium; Center for Complex Network Research and Physics Department, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115; Fonds National de la Recherche Scientifique, B-1000 Brussels, - - 2014
During the past few decades, technologies such as remote sensing, geographical information systems, and global positioning systems have transformed the way the distribution of human population is studied and modeled in space and time. However, the mapping of populations remains constrained by the logistics of censuses and surveys. Consequently, spatially ...
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