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Treinys, Rimgaudas
In the mid-20 century, Lesser Spotted Eagle (Aquila pomarina) was considered to be one of the most abundant species among the birds of prey in the forests of Lithuania. The estimates of the national population changed from 300.500 to 1,500.1,800 pairs in 1994 and 2005, respectively. Changes in the population ...
Shah Nilesh H NH Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, - - 2015
In clinical research, patient care decisions are often easier to make if patients are classified into a manageable number of groups based on homogeneous risk patterns. Investigators can use latent group-based trajectory modeling to estimate the posterior probabilities that an individual will be classified into a particular group of risk ...
Bouman Thijs T Department of Social Psychology, University of Groningen, the - - 2014
In times of economic downturn, perceived realistic intergroup threats (e.g., labour competition) often dominate political and media discourse. Although local outgroups (e.g., local immigrants) can be experienced as sources of realistic threats, we propose that such threats can also be perceived to be caused by distant outgroups (e.g., European Union ...
Voulgaraki Anastasia A Department of Mathematics, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, 20742, U.S.A.; National Center for Health Statistics, Hyattsville, MD, 20782, - - 2014
In US states with small subpopulations, the observed mortality rates are often zero, particularly among young ages. Because in life tables, death rates are reported mostly on a log scale, zero mortality rates are problematic. To overcome the observed zero death rates problem, appropriate probability models are used. Using these ...
Farcomeni Alessio A Department of Public Health and Infectious Diseases, Sapienza University of Rome, Piazzale Aldo Moro 5, Rome, 00186, - - 2014
We propose a joint model for a time-to-event outcome and a quantile of a continuous response repeatedly measured over time. The quantile and survival processes are associated via shared latent and manifest variables. Our joint model provides a flexible approach to handle informative dropout in quantile regression. A Monte Carlo ...
Fuglsang Anders A Fuglsang Pharma, Hiort Lorenzens Vej 6c st. tv., 6100, Haderslev, Denmark, - - 2014
In order to help companies qualify and validate the software used to evaluate bioequivalence trials with two parallel treatment groups, this work aims to define datasets with known results. This paper puts a total 11 datasets into the public domain along with proposed consensus obtained via evaluations from six different ...
Smith Jennifer L JL Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom; Global Health Group, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California; Eastern and Southern Africa Centre of International Parasite Control, Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI), Nairobi, Kenya - - 2014
Transmission assessment surveys (TAS) for lymphatic filariasis have been proposed as a platform to assess the impact of mass drug administration (MDA) on soil-transmitted helminths (STHs). This study used computer simulation and field data from pre- and post-MDA settings across Kenya to evaluate the performance and cost-effectiveness of the TAS ...
Iglesias Virginia V Department of Earth Sciences and Montana Institute on Ecosystems, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717 - - 2014
Forest/steppe boundaries are among the most dynamic ecosystems on Earth and are highly vulnerable to changes in climate and land use. In this study we examine the postglacial history of the Patagonian forest/steppe ecotone (41-43°S) to better understand its sensitivity to past variations in climate, disturbance, and human activity before ...
Konerding Uwe - - 2014
BackgroundMost previous studies concerning the validity of the EQ-5D-3L items refer to applications of only a single language version of the EQ-5D-3L in only one country. Therefore, there is little information concerning the extent to which the results can be generalised across different language versions and/or different countries. Here the ...
Sumner Jeremy G - - 2014
BackgroundHadamard conjugation is part of the standard mathematical armoury in the analysis of molecular phylogenetic methods. For group-based models, the approach provides a one-to-one correspondence between the so-called ¿edge length¿ and ¿sequence¿ spectrum on a phylogenetic tree. The Hadamard conjugation has been used in diverse phylogenetic applications not only for ...
Wise Aaron A Lane Center for Computational Biology, Carnegie Mellon University and Machine Learning Department, Carnegie Mellon - - 2014
Current methods for reconstructing dynamic regulatory networks are focused on modeling a single response network using model organisms or cell lines. Unlike these models or cell lines, humans differ in their background expression profiles due to age, genetics and life factors. In addition, there are often differences in start and ...
Kleebauer Alistair - - 2014
Physical assaults on NHS staff in England have reached their highest since national data was first collected a decade ago - up to 68,683 in 2013/14. In comparison, the figure in the first year of collecting data (2004/05) was 60,385, with the lowest figure being in 2008/09 when it was ...
Hordacre Brenton G BG Department of Rehabilitation, Aged and Extended Care, Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine if normalising spatial-temporal gait data for walking speed when obtained from multiple walking trials leads to differences in gait variability parameters associated with a history of falling in transtibial amputees. Cross-sectional study of transtibial amputees with and without histories of falling in the past 12 months. Rehabilitation centre. ...
Pahukula Jasmine J School of Civil and Construction Engineering Oregon State University, 309 Owen Hall, Corvallis, OR 97331-3212, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Previous studies have looked at different factors that contribute to large truck-involved crashes, however a detailed analysis considering the specific effects of time of day is lacking. Using the Crash Records Information System (CRIS) database in Texas, large truck-involved crashes occurring on urban freeways between 2006 and 2010 were separated ...
Lago-Peñas Carlos C a Faculty of Sport Sciences , University of Vigo , - - 2014
Abstract The aim of the current study was (i) to identify how important is a good season start on elite soccer teams' performance and (ii) to examine whether this impact is related to the clubs' financial budget. The match performances and annual budgets of all teams were collected from the ...
Jiang Siwei - - 2014
An important consideration of multiobjective optimization (MOO) is the quantitative metrics used for defining the optimality of different solution sets, which is also the basic principle for the design and evaluation of MOO algorithms. Although a plethora of performance metrics have been proposed in the MOO context, there has been ...
Ramezankhani Azra A Prevention of Metabolic Disorders Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran (AR, FH, DK)Department of Community Medicine, School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran (OP)Industrial Engineering Department, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran (JS)Endocrine Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran (FA)Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran - - 2014
To evaluate the impact of the synthetic minority oversampling technique (SMOTE) on the performance of probabilistic neural network (PNN), naïve Bayes (NB), and decision tree (DT) classifiers for predicting diabetes in a prospective cohort of the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study (TLGS). . Data of the 6647 nondiabetic participants, aged ...
Roelen Corne A M CA 1 Department of Health Sciences, VU University, The Netherlands - - 2014
Self-rated health (SRH) has been found to predict sickness absence (SA). The present study investigated the effect of replacing single-item SRH by a multi-item health measure on SA predictions. Longitudinal study of 2059 Norwegian nurses with assessments in three waves each separated by 1 year. Health was measured by single-item ...
Usaga Jessie J Department of Food Science, Cornell University, 630 West North Street, Geneva, New York 14456, - - 2014
The CiderSure 3500 is one of the most commonly used UV juice processing units in the United States for the nonthermal processing of apple cider and fulfills the 5-log performance standard established by the federal juice HACCP regulation. However, the appropriate validation frequency of this machine's quartz tubes is currently ...
Beltz Adriene M AM Department of Psychology, The Pennsylvania State - - 2014
Research on the role of puberty in adolescent psychological development requires attention to the meaning and measurement of pubertal development. Particular questions concern the utility of self-report, the need for complex models to describe pubertal development, the psychological significance of pubertal timing vs. tempo, and sex differences in the nature ...
Sharifi Farshad F 1)Elderly Health Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Population Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. 2) Non-Communicable Disease Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Population Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Dementia is a disabling syndrome, which generally affects aged population more than any other age groups. This syndrome has a growing prevalence and incidence worldwide. The prevalence and burden of this group of diseases in Iran have not been estimated in a community-based study yet. This paper aims to explain ...
Hooftman Danny A P DA Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Benson Lane, Wallingford OX10 8BB, UK, School of Biosciences, University of Exeter, Cornwall Campus, Penryn TR10 9EZ, UK and National Institute of Agricultural Botany, Huntingdon Rd, Cambridge CB3 0EL, UK - - 2014
Gene flow from crops to their wild relatives has the potential to alter population growth rates and demography of hybrid populations, especially when a new crop has been genetically modified (GM). This study introduces a comprehensive approach to assess this potential for altered population fitness, and uses a combination of ...
Guan Zhong Z Department of Mathematical Sciences, Indiana University South Bend, Indiana, USA - - 2014
The receiver operating characteristic curve is commonly used for assessing diagnostic test accuracy and for discriminatory ability of a medical diagnostic test in distinguishing between diseases and non-diseased individuals. With the advance of technology, many genetic variables and biomarker variables are easily collected. The most challenging problem is how to ...
Cook Lyn G LG School of Biological Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Qld, 4072, - - 2014
To understand the generation and maintenance of biodiversity hotspots, we tested three major hypotheses: rates of diversification, ecological limits to diversity, and time for species accumulation. Using dated molecular phylogenies, measures of species' range size and geographical clade overlap, niche modelling, and lineages-through-time plots of Australian Fabaceae, we compared the ...
Fellman Johan J Hanken School of - - 2014
We analyzed the effect of total fertility rate (TFR) and crude birth rate (CBR) on the number of males per 100 females at birth, also called the secondary sex ratio (SR), and on the twinning rate (TWR). Earlier studies have noted regional variations in TWR and racial differences in the ...
Tavousi Mahmoud - - 2014
Abstract The theory of reasoned action (TRA) is one of the most common models in predicting health-related behaviors and is used more often in health education studies. This study aimed to add two control constructs (perceived behavioral control - PBC and self-efficacy - SE) to the TRA and compare them ...
Liu Zhengyu Z 1] Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences and Nelson Center for Climatic Research, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA [2] Laboratory of Climate, Ocean and Atmosphere Studies, School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, - - 2014
The El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is Earth's dominant source of interannual climate variability, but its response to global warming remains highly uncertain. To improve our understanding of ENSO's sensitivity to external climate forcing, it is paramount to determine its past behaviour by using palaeoclimate data and model simulations. Palaeoclimate ...
Su Lin L Environmental Science Programs, School of Science, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Hong Kong, - - 2014
The Hybrid Single-Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory (HYSPLIT) model is widely used to generate backward trajectories in given starting locations. However, differences exist between trajectories generated from the model with different input datasets. In this study, backward trajectories in Hong Kong in the entire year of 2011 are derived by HYSPLIT ...
Pei Fengsong F School of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou, 221116, PR - - 2014
Urban land development alters landscapes and carbon cycle, especially net primary productivity (NPP). Despite projections that NPP is often reduced by urbanization, little is known about NPP changes under future urban expansion and climate change conditions. In this paper, terrestrial NPP was calculated by using Biome-BGC model. However, this model ...
Mohan Venkata Raghava VR Christian Medical College, Vellore, - - 2014
To describe spatial and temporal profiles of RTIs on different road networks in Vellore district of southern India. Using the information in the police maintained First Information Reports (FIR), daily time series of RTI counts were created and temporal characteristics were analyzed with respect to the vehicle, road types and ...
Corlett Richard T RT Center for Integrative Conservation, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Menglun, Mengla, Yunnan 666303, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
The term 'Anthropocene' was first used in the year 2000 to refer to the current time period in which human impacts are at least as important as natural processes. It is currently being considered as a potential geological epoch, following on from the Holocene. While most environmental scientists accept that ...
Selonen Vesa V Section of Ecology, Department of Biology, University of Turku, 20014, Turku, Finland, - - 2014
According to producer-consumer models, consumers should follow pulsed resources with a time lag. This view has been challenged by studies demonstrating that individuals may anticipate future resource pulses by increasing reproduction just before the pulse. We studied population fluctuations and reproduction in European red squirrels, Sciurus vulgaris, in relation to ...
Jiang Dingfeng D Department of Biostatistics, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52246, USA - - 2014
Grouping structures arise naturally in many high-dimensional problems. Incorporation of such information can improve model fitting and variable selection. Existing group selection methods, such as the group Lasso, require correct membership. However, in practice it can be difficult to correctly specify group membership of all variables. Thus, it is important ...
Zhao Haibing H School of Statistics and Management, Shanghai University of Finance and Economics, Shanghai, 200433, - - 2014
In many applications, researchers are interested in making q pairwise comparisons among k test groups on the basis of m outcome variables. Often, m is very large. For example, such situations arise in gene expression microarray studies involving several experimental groups. Researchers are often not only interested in identifying differentially ...
Benaglia Tatiana T Department of Statistics, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Sao Paulo, - - 2014
Health economic evaluations require estimates of expected survival from patients receiving different interventions, often over a lifetime. However, data on the patients of interest are typically only available for a much shorter follow-up time, from randomised trials or cohorts. Previous work showed how to use general population mortality to improve ...
Diggs Leigh Ann LA Virginia Modeling Analysis and Simulation Center, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA, USA; Department of Community and Environmental Health, College of Health Sciences, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
We sought to evaluate the success of prehospital, non-drug-assisted endotracheal intubation (ETI) performed by Virginia prehospital care providers and to develop a model designed to predict the probability of success of ETI. We conducted a retrospective observational study on prehospital, non-drug-assisted ETI (N = 4002) performed by Virginia prehospital care ...
Sena Lelisa - - 2014
BackgroundRefining the spatial and temporal data on malaria transmissions at a defined ecological setting has practical implications for targeted malaria control and enhancing efficient allocation of resources. Spatial and temporal distribution of P. falciparium and P. vivax were explored around the Gilgel Gibe Hydroelectric Dam (GGHD) in southwest Ethiopia.MethodsA review ...
Van den Heuvel Edwin R ER Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands Department of Epidemiology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Eindhoven, The Netherlands - - 2014
This paper compares the power of the parallel group design, the matched-pairs design, and several options for the stepped wedge and delayed start designs for testing a possible effect of intranasal insulin with respect to placebo on developmental growth of children with a rare disorder like Phelan-McDermid syndrome. A subject-specific ...
Zerriffi Hisham - - 2014
The opportunity to apply for carbon credits for cookstove projects creates a source of funding that can be leveraged to promote the 'win-win' environmental and development benefits of improved cookstoves. Yet, as in most environment-development efforts, unacknowledged tradeoffs exist under the all-encompassing 'win-win' claims. This study therefore compares different scenarios ...
Lu Hong-Fa HF Zhejiang Normal University, Xiaoshan Campus, Hangzhou 311231, - - 2014
Viviparidae are widely distributed around the globe, but there are considerable gaps in the taxonomic record. To date, 18 species of the viviparid genus Cipangopaludina have been recorded in China, but there is substantial disagreement on the validity of this taxonomy. In this study, we described the shell and internal ...
Kang Le L Department of Biostatistics, School of Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, U.S.A.; Division of Imaging, Diagnostics, and Software Reliability, Office of Science and Engineering Laboratories, Center for Devices and Radiological Health, US Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, MD, - - 2014
The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve is often used as a summary index of the diagnostic ability in evaluating biomarkers when the clinical outcome (truth) is binary. When the clinical outcome is right-censored survival time, the C index, motivated as an extension of area under the receiver operating ...
Thirstrup J P JP Institute for Molecular Biology and Genetics, Faculty of Science and technology, Aarhus University, 8830 Tjele, Denmark - - 2014
Crosses between different mink lines from three Danish mink farms, with that use different breeding strategies, were studied in order to estimate heterosis and variance components for litter size. The study was designed to analyze design allowed for analyses of various crossing combinations, both crosses between lines within of the ...
Kent Matthew M Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Health Outcomes Research - - 2014
We aimed to develop a clinical decision support tool for clinicians counseling patients with localized prostate cancer. The tool would provide estimates of patient life expectancy from age, comorbidities, and tumor characteristics. We reviewed the literature to find suitable prediction models. We searched the literature for prediction models for life ...
Felinger Attila A MTA-PTE Molecular Interactions in Separation Science Research Group, Ifjúság útja 6, H-7624 Pécs, Hungary; Department of Analytical and Environmental Chemistry and Szentágothai Research Center, University of Pécs, Ifjúság útja 6, H-7624 Pécs, Hungary. Electronic address: - - 2015
With the need for high-frequency data acquisition, the influence of the data acquisition rate on the quality of the digitized signal is often discussed and also misinterpreted. In this study we show that undersampling of the signal, i.e. low data acquisition rate will not cause band broadening. Users of modern ...
Tosa Marie I MI 1  Cooperative Wildlife Research Laboratory, Department of Zoology, and Center for Ecology, Southern Illinois University, 1125 Lincoln Drive, Carbondale, Illinois 62901, - - 2014
Abstract Social interactions can influence infectious disease dynamics, particularly for directly transmitted pathogens. Therefore, reliable information on contact frequency within and among groups can better inform disease modeling and management. We compared three methods of assessing contact patterns: (1) space-use overlap (volume of interaction [VI]), (2) direct contact rates measured ...
Ardic Aysun A 1PhD, Research Assistant, Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey. 2PhD, Associate Professor, Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing, Istanbul University. Istanbul, - - 2014
The Adolescent Lifestyle Profile (ALP) scale, based on the Health Promotion Model, is designed to asses the health promotion lifestyle profile of adolescents. This study is the first psychometric research of the ALP scale. The aims of this study were to translate the ALP scale into Turkish and to assess ...
Vercouteren M M A A MM Department of Farm Animal Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, 3508 TD Utrecht, the - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate factors associated with resumption of ovarian cyclicity within 21 days in milk (DIM) in dairy cows. Cows (n = 768) from 2 herds in north Florida had their ovaries scanned at 17 ± 3, 21 ± 3, and 24 ± 3 DIM. ...
Velie B D BD Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Sydney, Camperdown, Sydney, NSW, 2006, - - 2014
Performance data for 164 046 Thoroughbreds entered in a race or official barrier trial in Australia were provided by Racing Information Services Australia. Analyses estimating the heritability for a range of racing performance traits using a single-trait animal model were performed using asreml-r. Log of cumulative earnings (LCE; 0.19 ± 0.01), log of ...
Zhang JunQi - - 2014
Learning automata (LA) are powerful tools for reinforcement learning. A discretized pursuit LA is the most popular one among them. During an iteration its operation consists of three basic phases: 1) selecting the next action; 2) finding the optimal estimated action; and 3) updating the state probability. However, when the ...
Widdifield Jessica J Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences (ICES), Toronto, Ontario, Canada - - 2014
Few studies have assessed the accuracy of administrative data for identifying multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. To validate administrative data algorithms for MS, and describe the burden and epidemiology over time in Ontario, Canada. We employed a validated search strategy to identify all MS patients within electronic medical records, to identify ...
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