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Cornelissen Germaine - - 2014
A brief overview is provided of cosinor-based techniques for the analysis of time series in chronobiology. Conceived as a regression problem, the method is applicable to non-equidistant data, a major advantage. Another dividend is the feasibility of deriving confidence intervals for parameters of rhythmic components of known periods, readily drawn ...
Huang Tsun-Tsao - - 2014
Protein sites evolve at different rates due to functional and biophysical constraints. It is usually considered that the main structural determinant of a site's rate of evolution is its Relative Solvent Accessibility (RSA). However, a recent comparative study has shown that the main structural determinant is the site's Local Packing ...
Sparkman Amanda M AM Department of Biology, Westmont College, Santa Barbara, CA 93108 USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Glucocorticoids and leukocyte ratios have become the most widespread variables employed to test hypotheses regarding physiological stress in wild and captive vertebrates. Little is known, however, regarding how these two indices of stress covary in response to stressors, their repeatability within individuals, and differences in response time upon capture. Furthermore, ...
Spagnolo A A National Council of Researches - Institute of Marine Sciences (CNR-ISMAR), L.go Fiera della Pesca, 60125 Ancona, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Within the European Water Framework Directive, many studies have been conducted to evaluate the sensitivity/robustness of a variety of indices in relation to natural or anthropogenic disturbance events. However, these indices have rarely been applied to verify the impacts of disturbances in offshore environments, though the Marine Strategy Framework Directive ...
Hirschmüller Sarah S Department of Psychology, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Mainz, - - 2014
Prior studies have consistently found a surprising inaccuracy of people's neuroticism judgments at zero acquaintance. Based on the Realistic Accuracy Model (Funder, 1995), we hypothesize that this is due to a lack of relevance of the situation in which targets are typically observed. Fifty participants were videotaped in a highly ...
Finka Lauren R - - 2014
Domestic cats have evolved from solitary, asocial predators and whilst they may display social behaviours, they can still exist as solitary survivors. Over-population and relinquishment of pet cats are ubiquitous problems worldwide, and rehoming centres (also known as rescues/ shelters) aim to ameliorate this by holding cats in confinement for ...
Fernández Isaac I Department of Chemical Engineering, School of Engineering, University of Santiago de Compostela, Rúa Lope Gómez de Marzoa, s/n, 15782, Santiago de Compostela, Spain, - - 2014
Anammox biomass has a long duplication time and low yield, thus the process must be operated in reactors with good sludge retention, such as biofilm systems. Therefore, it would be important to research the ability of Anammox biomass to form biofilms under different conditions. The effects of shear stress and ...
Pearlmutter David D Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beersheba, Israel, - - 2014
Outdoor thermal comfort has important implications for urban planning and energy consumption in the built environment. To better understand the relation of subjective thermal experience to bioclimatic thermal stress in such contexts, this study compares micrometeorological and perceptual data from urban spaces in the hot-arid Negev region of Israel. Pedestrians ...
Arnberg Filip K FK National Centre for Disaster Psychiatry, Department of Neuroscience, Uppsala University, Akademiska sjukhuset ing 10, SE-751 85 Uppsala, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study evaluated the properties of Swedish versions of self-report measures of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), with emphasis on the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R). Survey data from adult survivors 1, 3, and 6 years after the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami (n=1506) included the IES-R (from which the IES-6 was ...
Vranckx Guy G Plant Conservation and Population Biology, Biology Department, University of Leuven, Kasteelpark Arenberg 31, Box 2435, 3001 Leuven, - - 2014
Background and AimsThe interaction between forest fragmentation and predicted climate change may pose a serious threat to tree populations. In small and spatially isolated forest fragments, increased homozygosity may directly affect individual tree fitness through the expression of deleterious alleles. Climate change-induced drought stress may exacerbate these detrimental genetic consequences ...
Lyons Mathew M Trinity Centre for Bioengineering, Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Parsons Building, Trinity College, Dublin 2, Ireland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Incisional hernia development is a significant complication after laparoscopic abdominal surgery. Intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) is known to initiate the extrusion of intestines through the abdominal wall, but there is limited data on the mechanics of IAP generation and the structural properties of rectus sheath. This paper presents an explanation of ...
Blackburn Shaun S Monash University, - - 2014
Thermal tolerance is an important factor influencing the distribution of ectotherms, but we still have limited understanding of the ability of species to evolve different thermal limits. Recent studies suggest that species may have limited capaity to evolve higher themal limits in response to slower, more ecologically relevant rates of ...
Ismail E E Department of Neuroscience and Imaging and ITAB-Institute of Advanced Biomedical Technologies, University 'G. d'Annunzio'-Chieti-Pescara, - - 2014
Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) is a vasospastic disorder of small arteries, pre-capillary arteries, and cutaneous arteriovenous shunts of the extremities, typically induced by cold exposure and emotional stress. RP is either primary (PRP) or secondary to connective tissue diseases such as systemic sclerosis (SSc). Early differential diagnosis is crucial in order ...
Fiore Vincenzo G VG Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, Institute of Neurology, UCL, 12 Queen Square, London, WC1N 3BG, UK, - - 2014
Appraisal of a stressful situation and the possibility to control or avoid it is thought to involve frontal-cortical mechanisms. The precise mechanism underlying this appraisal and its translation into effective stress coping (the regulation of physiological and behavioural responses) are poorly understood. Here, we propose a computational model which involves ...
Zhang J P JP College of Energy and Mechanical Engineering, Shanghai University of Electric Power, Shanghai, 200090, - - 2014
In order to obtain reliability information for a white organic light-emitting diode (OLED), two constant and one step stress tests were conducted with its working current increased. The Weibull function was applied to describe the OLED life distribution, and the maximum likelihood estimation (MLE) and its iterative flow chart were ...
Olmez Sultan S a Private Practice, Izmir, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To compare the pattern and amount of stress and displacement during maxillary sagittal distraction osteogenesis (DO) between a patient with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) and a noncleft patient. Materials and Methods: Three-dimensional finite element models for both skulls were constructed. Displacements of the surface landmarks and ...
Zolotukhin Petr V PV Laboratory of Biomedicine, Research Institute of Biology, Southern Federal University, Stachki av., 194/1, 344090, Rostov-on-Don, Russia, - - 2014
Oxidative status-based interactomic profiling is a promising approach for fundamental integrative cell biology, diagnostics, and therapy. However, this approach has been neither utilized as a method nor tested as a tool. Thus, we aimed (1) to develop an oxidative status pathway state assessment-based analytical procedure relying on NFE2L2/AP1 pathway evaluation, ...
Inoue Akiomi A Department of Mental Health, Institute of Industrial Ecological Sciences, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, - - 2014
This study aimed to investigate the reliability and construct validity of a new version of the Brief Job Stress Questionnaire (New BJSQ), which measures an extended set of psychosocial factors at work by adding new scales/items to the current version of the BJSQ. Additional scales/items were extensively collected from theoretical ...
Taquet Maxime M ICTEAM Institute, Catholic University of Louvain, B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium. maxime.taquet@uclouvain.be - - 2014
While Bentley et al.'s model is very appealing, in this commentary we argue that researchers interested in big data and collective behavior, including the way humans make decisions, must account for the emotional factor. We investigate how daily choice of activities is influenced by emotions. Results indicate that mood significantly ...
Jelovsek J Eric JE Obstetrics, Gynecology & Women's Health Institute and Quantitative Health Sciences, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio; the Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Urology, Stritch School of Medicine, Loyola University Chicago, Chicago, Illinois; the Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Surgery, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, Albuquerque, New Mexico; the Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, Women and Infants Hospital, Providence, Rhode Island, Kaiser Permanente, San Diego, California, and Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina; the Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; RTI International, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina; and the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, - - 2014
To construct and validate a prediction model for estimating the risk of de novo stress urinary incontinence (SUI) after vaginal pelvic organ prolapse (POP) surgery and compare it with predictions using preoperative urinary stress testing and expert surgeons' predictions. Using the data set (n=457) from the Outcomes Following Vaginal Prolapse ...
Huang Yuan Y University Departments of Radiology, University of Cambridge, - - 2014
Compositional and morphological features of carotid atherosclerotic plaques provide complementary information to luminal stenosis in predicting clinical presentations. However, they alone cannot predict cerebrovascular risk. Mechanical stress within the plaque induced by cyclical changes in blood pressure has potential to assess plaque vulnerability. Various modeling strategies have been employed to ...
Dumont Elizabeth R ER Department of Biology, University of Massachusetts Amherst, 221 Morrill Science Center, Amherst, MA, 01003, USA. - - 2014
Selection for divergent performance optima has been proposed as a central mechanism underlying adaptive radiation. Uncovering multiple optima requires identifying forms associated with different adaptive zones and linking those forms to performance. However, testing and modeling the performance of complex morphologies like the cranium is challenging. We introduce a three-dimensional ...
Rapoff Andrew J AJ Department of Mechanical Engineering, Union College, Schenectady, NY, - - 2014
Primate canines function in social displays but are also recruited for biting in agonistic encounters. Although the precise nature of the loads such behavior places on the canine crown is unknown, it is thought that bending is a major component of such loads. To date, modeling of canine bending strength ...
Zhu Yilin Y State Key Laboratory of Traction Power, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 610031, PR - - 2014
In this paper, a phenomenological constitutive model is constructed to describe the uniaxial ratchetting (i.e., the cyclic accumulation of inelastic deformation) of soft biological tissues in the framework of finite viscoelastic-plasticity. The model is derived from a polyconvex elastic free energy function and addresses the anisotropy of cyclic deformation of ...
Liu Bingfei B Airport College, Civil Aviation University of China, Tianjin, 300300, - - 2014
A constitutive model of the macroscopic behaviors of porous shape memory alloys (SMA) is developed in this work. A yield function for porous SMAs considering both the effect of hydrostatic stress and the tensile-compressive asymmetry is proposed. Combining the constitutive model of dense SMAs and the macroscale and microscale analysis, ...
Murakami Kazuhiro K Postdoctoral Fellow, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Nara Medical University, Kashihara City, Nara, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Pathologic fracture of the mandible after removal of a lesion historically has been a clinical problem. The present study aimed to evaluate mandibular strength after removal of a lesion and to illustrate the theoretical efficacy of preventive measures against pathologic fracture based on a 3-dimensional finite element (FE) analysis. A ...
Llera Sandra J SJ Towson University. Electronic address: - - 2014
The Contrast Avoidance model (Newman & Llera, 2011) proposes that individuals with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) are hypersensitive to sharp upward shifts in negative emotion that typically accompany negative events, and use worry to maintain sustained intrapersonal negativity in an attempt to avoid these shifts. Although research shows that worry ...
Schulte Patricia M PM Department of Zoology, 6270 University Blvd, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z4 - - 2014
Although the term environmental stress is used across multiple fields in biology, the inherent ambiguity associated with its definition has caused confusion when attempting to understand organismal responses to environmental change. Here I provide a brief summary of existing definitions of the term stress, and the related concepts of homeostasis ...
Monaghan Pat P Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, Graham Kerr Building, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, - - 2014
Most organisms, including ourselves, are exposed to environmental stressors at various points during life, and responses to such stressors have been optimised by evolution to give the best fitness outcomes. It is expected that environmental change will substantially increase long-term stress exposure in many animal groups in the coming decades. ...
Zhang Liangran L Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of - - 2014
Crossing-over is a central feature of meiosis. Meiotic crossover (CO) sites are spatially patterned along chromosomes. CO-designation at one position disfavors subsequent CO-designation(s) nearby, as described by the classical phenomenon of CO interference. If multiple designations occur, COs tend to be evenly spaced. We have previously proposed a mechanical model ...
Qian Xinyi Lisa XL Tourism Center University of Minnesota-Twin - - 2014
The stress suppressing model proposes that sufficient resources reduce stress. The stress exposure model suggests that certain factors expose individuals to more stress. The current study tested these two models by assessing the within-person lagging effect of leisure time on perceived severity of daily stressors. Analyzing eight-day diary data (N=2,022), ...
Xue Junjie J Sichuan University, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Department of Orthodontics, State Key Laboratory of Oral Disease, ChengduSichuan, P.R. China, State Key Laboratory of Oral Disease, Department of Orthodontics, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, P.R. - - 2014
Objective: The aims of this study were to compare different surgical approaches to rapid canine retraction by designing and selecting the most effective method of reducing resistance by a three-dimensional finite element analysis. Material and Methods: Three-dimensional finite element models of different approaches to rapid canine retraction by reducing resistance ...
Fakhouri Sarah Fakher SF Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil, Department de Biomechanics, Medicine and Rehabilitation of the Locomotor System, Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP, - - 2014
To compare, using photoelasticity, internal stress produced by USS II type screw with 5.2 and 6.2 mm external diameters, when submitted to three different pullout strengths. Two photoelastic models were especially made. The simulation was performed using loads of 1.8, 2.4 e 3.3 kgf.The fringe orders were evaluated around the ...
Alberti Gianmarco G Independent Researcher, Catania, - - 2014
Johnson's scalar stress theory, describing the mechanics of (and the remedies to) the increase in in-group conflictuality that parallels the increase in groups' size, provides scholars with a useful theoretical framework for the understanding of different aspects of the material culture of past communities (i.e., social organization, communal food consumption, ...
Quan Guo-Zheng GZ 0000-0002-1172-2696 School of Material Science and Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, - - 2014
The stress-strain data of 20MnNiMo alloy were collected from a series of hot compressions on Gleeble-1500 thermal-mechanical simulator in the temperature range of 1173 ∼ 1473 K and strain rate range of 0.01 ∼ 10 s(-1). Based on the experimental data, the improved Arrhenius-type constitutive model and the artificial neural network (ANN) ...
Ghasemianpour Majid M Dental Research center, Research Institute of Dental Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Current methods of closure of the cleft palate result in the formation of scars and impairment of growth. Distraction osteogenesis (DO) might be an effective means to repair or at least reduce the size of wide clefts. This study investigates the biomechanical aspects of this process. DO simulation was applied ...
Kuo Ben Ch BCh University of Windsor, Windsor, Canada ; Department of Psychology, University of Windsor, 401 Sunset Ave, Chrysler Hall South, Windsor, Ontario N9B 3P4 - - 2014
Despite the prevalence and popularity of research on positive and negative affect within the field of psychology, there is currently little research on affect involving the examination of cultural variables and with participants of diverse cultural and ethnic backgrounds. To the authors' knowledge, currently no empirical studies have comprehensively examined ...
Chan Christian S CS Department of Psychology, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, - - 2014
To date there is no consensus on the operationalization of exposure severity in the study of the impact of natural disasters. This is problematic because incomplete and inconsistent measurement of exposure limits the internal and external validity of disaster studies. The current paper examined the predictive validity of severity measures ...
Chin Yu-Hao YH Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering, National Central University, Taoyuan 32001, - - 2014
For music emotion detection, this paper presents a music emotion verification system based on hierarchical sparse kernel machines. With the proposed system, we intend to verify if a music clip possesses happiness emotion or not. There are two levels in the hierarchical sparse kernel machines. In the first level, a ...
Gaggioli Andrea A ATN-P Lab., Istituto Auxologico Italiano, Milan, - - 2014
Virtual Reality (VR) is increasingly being used in combination with psycho-physiological measures to improve assessment of distress in mental health research and therapy. However, the analysis and interpretation of multiple physiological measures is time consuming and requires specific skills, which are not available to most clinicians. To address this issue, ...
Chen Lihua L Key Laboratory of Soil and Water Conservation & Desertification Combat of Ministry of Education, School of Water and Soil Conservation, Beijing Forest University, Beijing, - - 2014
A constitutive model for the stress-strain relationship of single forest root system was developed in order to provide theoretical foundations for the mechanisms of soil-reinforcement by root system and offer a reliable basis for the analysis of root tensile strength character. This study started a general form of linear and ...
Brodkin Jesse J Behavioral Instruments, 5 Jill Court Unit 1, Hillsborough, NJ 08844. Electronic address: - - 2013
Behavioral assessment of mutant mouse models and novel candidate drugs is a slow and labor intensive process. This limitation produces a significant impediment to CNS drug discovery. New METHOD: By combining video and vibration analysis we created an automated system that provides the most detailed description of mouse behavior available. ...
Rowlinson Steve S Key Laboratory of Eco-environment in Three Gorges Reservoir Region under Ministry of Education, Chongqing University, Chongqing, - - 2013
Existing heat stress risk management guidelines recommended by international standards are not practical for the construction industry which needs site supervision staff to make instant managerial decisions to mitigate heat risks. The ability of the predicted heat strain (PHS) model [ISO 7933 (2004). Ergonomics of the thermal environment analytical determination ...
Howard Jeremy T JT A218h Animal Science Department, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE, 68583-0908, - - 2013
Cattle are reared in diverse environments and collecting phenotypic body temperature (BT) measurements to characterize BT variation across diverse environments is difficult and expensive. To better understand the genetic basis of BT regulation, a genome-wide association study was conducted utilizing crossbred steers and heifers totaling 239 animals of unknown pedigree ...
Karimi Alireza A School of Mechanical Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran 16844, Iran; Tissue Engineering and Biological Systems Research Laboratory, School of Mechanical Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran 16844, - - 2013
This study proposes the quasi-linear viscoelastic (QLV) model to characterize the time dependent mechanical behavior of poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) sponges. The PVA sponges have implications in many viscoelastic soft tissues, including cartilage, liver, and kidney as an implant. However, a critical barrier to the use of the PVA sponge as ...
Smith Elizabeth A - - 2013
Abstract Purpose . To examine perceptions of military personnel about tobacco use. Design . Secondary analysis of (1) focus group and (2) interview data. Setting . U.S. military. Subjects . Total participants (n = 241): Enlisted personnel, supervisors (n = 189 individuals participating in 23 focus groups), tobacco control managers, ...
Wan Chao C State Key Laboratory of Tribology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, - - 2013
Longitudinal tensile and simple shear stress-strain curves of human medial collateral ligaments (MCL) were fitted by six frequently used constitutive relations of ligaments using two different fitting methods for determining which was the best fitting method and the most preferable constitutive model for describing the ligament properties. According to the ...
Klaper Rebecca R School of Freshwater Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, 600 East Greenfield Ave., Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA. - - 2013
The toxicity of nanomaterials depends on the basic interaction of the chemistry of the material with the molecular pathways in an organism. To design safe and sustainable nanomaterials, more detailed information on the molecular interaction and biochemical machinery that is altered in an organism upon contact with a nanomaterial is ...
Rosenzweig Cynthia C National Aeronautics and Space Administration Goddard Institute for Space Studies, New York, NY - - 2013
Here we present the results from an intercomparison of multiple global gridded crop models (GGCMs) within the framework of the Agricultural Model Intercomparison and Improvement Project and the Inter-Sectoral Impacts Model Intercomparison Project. Results indicate strong negative effects of climate change, especially at higher levels of warming and at low ...
Kopito Ronen B RB Department of Physics and FAS Center for Systems Biology, Harvard University, 52 Oxford St, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA. - - 2013
Animal response to changes in environmental cues is a complex dynamical process that occurs at diverse molecular and cellular levels. To gain a quantitative understanding of such processes, it is desirable to observe many individuals, subjected to repeatable and well defined environmental cues over long time periods. Here we present ...
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