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Budrys, Eduardas
This study summarises previously published and new faunal data on the Orthoptera of Lithuania based on recent collections and observations. The checklist comprises 45 species, of which 42 species are included based on the studied collection material; two of them (Modicogryllus frontalis and Barbitistes constrictus) are new to the Lithuanian ...
Žalakevičius, Mečislovas
The article demonstrates that the impact of climate change on breeding populations of birds differs in different parts of the species range and in different migratory categories. The majority of migrants breeding in the central part of the range or on its northern, north-eastern, eastern and south-eastern periphery benefit from ...
Broers Natascha J H NJ Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital Maastricht, Maastricht, The - - 2014
The assessment of body composition (BC) in dialysis patients is of clinical importance given its role in the diagnosis of malnutrition and sarcopenia. Bioimpedance techniques routinely express BC as a 2-compartment (2-C) model distinguishing fat mass (FM) and fat-free mass (FFM), which may be influenced by the hydration of adipose ...
Chawla L S LS Department of Medicine, Divisions of Intensive Care Medicine and Division of Nephrology, Washington DC Veteran Affairs Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA - - 2014
Despite many clinical trials and investigative efforts to determine appropriate therapeutic intervention(s) for shock, this topic remains controversial. The use of i.v. fluid has represented the cornerstone for the treatment of hypoperfusion for two centuries. As a part of International Acute Dialysis Quality Initiative XII Fluids Workgroup meeting, we sought ...
Port Friedrich K FK Arbor Research Collaborative for Health, Ann Arbor, MI. Electronic address: - - 2014
When randomized controlled trials are unavailable, clinicians have to rely on observational studies. However, analyses using observational data to evaluate specific treatments and their associations with outcomes often are biased through confounding by clinical indication for the treatment of interest. Given the rich observational data and limited clinical trial data ...
Chun Sehun S African Institute for Mathematical Sciences and Stellenbosch University, 5 Melrose Road, Muizenberg, Cape Town, 7945, South Africa, - - 2014
It is widely believed that the pulmonary veins (PVs) of the left atrium play the central role in the generation of anatomically induced atrial reentry but its mechanism has not been analytically explained. To understand this mechanism, a new analytic approach is proposed by adapting the geometric relative acceleration analysis ...
Tong Chao C 0000-0003-4414-4965 School of Computer Science and Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China ; School of Computer Science, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada H3A - - 2014
In complex networks, cluster structure, identified by the heterogeneity of nodes, has become a common and important topological property. Network clustering methods are thus significant for the study of complex networks. Currently, many typical clustering algorithms have some weakness like inaccuracy and slow convergence. In this paper, we propose a ...
Huang Yuanjiang Y Centro de Investigación en Tecnologías Software y Sistemas Multimedia para la Sostenibilidad (CITSEM), Campus Sur Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (UPM), 28031 Madrid, Spain. - - 2014
Topology control is an important technique to improve the connectivity and the reliability of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) by means of adjusting the communication range of wireless sensor nodes. In this paper, a novel Fuzzy-logic Topology Control (FTC) is proposed to achieve any desired average node degree by adaptively changing ...
Huang Shaobin S College of Computer Science and Technology, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin, - - 2014
It is a classic topic of social network analysis to evaluate the importance of nodes and identify the node that takes on the role of core or bridge in a network. Because a single indicator is not sufficient to analyze multiple characteristics of a node, it is a natural solution ...
Gkika Dimitra D Laboratory of Ecological Engineering and Technology, Department of Environmental Engineering, School of Engineering, Democritus University of Thrace, 67100 Xanthi, - - 2014
Design data from nine constructed wetlands (CW) facilities of various capacities (population equivalent (PE)) are used to estimate construction and operation costs, and then to derive empirical equations relating the required facility land area and the construction cost to PE. In addition, comparisons between the costs of CW facilities based ...
Surma Michał A MA Faculty of Biotechnology, University of Wroclaw, Wroclaw, - - 2014
The present paper is a systematic, comparative study on the reconstitution of an apocytochrome b6 purified from a heterologous system using a detergent-free method and reconstitution into liposomes performed using three different detergents: SDS, Triton X-100 and DM, and two methods of detergent removal by dialysis and using Bio-Beads. The ...
Berntenis Nikolaos - - 2013
Boolean models are increasingly used to study biological signaling networks. In a Boolean network, nodes represent biological entities such as genes, proteins or protein complexes, and edges indicate activating or inhibiting influences of one node towards another. Depending on the input of activators or inhibitors, Boolean networks categorize nodes as ...
Itoh Taihei T Department of Advanced Management of Cardiac - - 2013
Low conduction velocity (CV) in the area showing low electrogram amplitude (EA) is characteristic of reentry circuit of atypical atrial flutter (AFL). The quantitative relationship between CV and EA remains unclear. We characterized AFL reentry circuit in the right atrium (RA), focusing on the relationship between local CV and bipolar ...
Mamun Abdullah-Al - - 2013
Integrating data from multiple sources is a crucial and challenging problem. Even though there exist numerous algorithms for record linkage or deduplication, they suffer from either large time needs or restrictions on the number of datasets that they can integrate. In this paper we report efficient sequential and parallel algorithms ...
Nicosia V - - 2013
We propose a modeling framework for growing multiplexes where a node can belong to different networks. We define new measures for multiplexes and we identify a number of relevant ingredients for modeling their evolution such as the coupling between the different layers and the distribution of node arrival times. The ...
Lamsdell James C - - 2013
Kodymirus vagans Chlupáč and Havlíček in Sb Geol Ved Paleontol 6:7-20, 1965 is redescribed as an aglaspidid-like arthropod bearing a single pair of enlarged raptorial appendages, which are shown to be the second cephalic appendage. A number of early Palaeozoic arthropods, recognized from predominantly Cambrian Konservat-Lagerstätten, are known to have ...
Prasad Hari - - 2013
The electrocardiogram (ECG) is being commonly used as a diagnostic tool to distinguish different types of atrial tachyarrhythmias. The inherent complexity and mechanistic and clinical inter-relationships often brings about diagnostic difficulties to treating physicians and primary health care professionals creating frequent misdiagnoses and cross classifications using visual criteria. The current ...
Khalili Azam - - 2013
In this paper we propose an algorithm for distributed optimization in mobile nodes. Compared with many published works, an important consideration here is that the nodes do not know the cost function beforehand. Instead of decision-making based on linear combination of the neighbor estimates, the proposed algorithm relies on information-rich ...
Cristoforetti Alessandro - - 2013
Biophysically-detailed and anatomically-realistic atrial models are emerging as a valuable tool in the study of atrial arrhythmias, nevertheless clinical use of these models would be favored by a reduction of computational times. This paper introduces a novel adaptive mesh algorithm, based on multiresolution representation (MR), for the efficient integration of ...
Butters Timothy D TD School of Physics and Astronomy , University of Manchester , Manchester , - - 2013
Sheep are often used as animal models for experimental studies into the underlying mechanisms of cardiac arrhythmias. Previous studies have shown that biophysically detailed computer models of the heart provide a powerful alternative to experimental animal models for underpinning such mechanisms. In this study, we have developed a family of ...
Gonzales Matthew J MJ Department of Bioengineering, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, - - 2013
High-order cubic Hermite finite elements have been valuable in modeling cardiac geometry, fiber orientations, biomechanics, and electrophysiology, but their use in solving three-dimensional problems has been limited to ventricular models with simple topologies. Here, we utilized a subdivision surface scheme and derived a generalization of the "local-to-global" derivative mapping scheme ...
Yang Jie - - 2013
The organization of the head provides critical data for resolving the phylogenetic relationships and evolutionary history of extinct and extant euarthropods. The early Cambrian-period fuxianhuiids are regarded as basal representatives of stem-group Euarthropoda, and their anterior morphology therefore offers key insights for reconstructing the ancestral condition of the euarthropod head. ...
Podziemski Piotr - - 2013
Existing atrial models with detailed anatomical structure and multi-variable cardiac transmembrane current models are too complex to allow to combine an investigation of long time dycal properties of the heart rhythm with the ability to effectively simulate cardiac electrical activity during arrhythmia. Other ways of modeling need to be investigated. ...
Lee Choonsik C Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institute of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA. - - 2013
We developed models of lymphatic nodes for six pediatric and two adult hybrid computational phantoms to calculate the lymphatic node dose estimates from external and internal radiation exposures. We derived the number of lymphatic nodes from the recommendations in International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) Publications 23 and 89 at ...
Metz Andreas Jaakko - - 2013
Tissue oxygen saturation (StO(2)), a potentially important parameter in clinical practice, can be measured by near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). Various devices use the multi-distance approach based on the diffusion approximation of the radiative transport equation [1, 2]. When determining the absorption coefficient (μ (a)) by the slope over multiple distances ...
Wang Zhenwen - - 2013
In the real world, a large amount of data can be described by networks using relations between data. The data described by networks can be called networked data. Classification is one of the main tasks in analyzing networked data. Most of the previous methods find the class of the unlabeled ...
Pironet Antoine - - 2013
During a full cardiac cycle, the left atrium successively behaves as a reservoir, a conduit and a pump. This complex behavior makes it unrealistic to apply the time-varying elastance theory to characterize the left atrium, first, because this theory has known limitations, and second, because it is still uncertain whether ...
Ren Liyong - - 2013
Distributed hash tables (DHTs) are usually used in the open networking environment, where they are vulnerable to Sybil attacks. Pebble-Rotating Game (PRG) mixes the nodes of the honest and the adversarial randomly, and can resist the Sybil attack efficiently. However, the adversary may have some tricks to corrupt the rule ...
Al Abed Amr - - 2013
A 3D model of atrial electrical activity has been developed with spatially heterogeneous electrophysiological properties. The atrial geometry, reconstructed from the male Visible Human dataset, included gross anatomical features such as the central and peripheral sinoatrial node (SAN), intra-atrial connections, pulmonary veins, inferior and superior vena cava, and the coronary ...
Oh Hoon - - 2013
This paper proposes and implements a new TDMA-based MAC protocol for providing timely and reliable delivery of data and command for monitoring and control networks. In this kind of network, sensor nodes are required to sense data from the monitoring environment periodically and then send the data to a sink. ...
Yin Zi-Wei ZW Department of Biology, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, Shanghai Normal University, 100 Guilin Road, Shanghai, 200234, P. R. - - 2013
A new genus and species, Pengzhongiella daicongchaoi, of the subtribe Batrisina (Batrisitae: Batrisini) is described from the Gaoligong Mountains, Yunnan, Southwest China. Adults were collected in a colony of Odontomachus monticola, and presented reduction of certain external characters and elongate appendages relating to myrmecophily. Description and illustrations of the habitus ...
Highton David D University College Hospitals, Queen Square, London, UK. - - 2013
Understanding changes in cerebral oxygenation, haemodynamics and metabolism holds the key to individualised, optimised therapy after acute brain injury. Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) offers the potential for non-invasive, continuous bedside measurement of surrogates for these processes. Interest has grown in applying this technique to interpret cerebrovascular pressure reactivity (CVPR), a surrogate ...
Altuna Alvaro A INSUB, Museo de Okendo, Zemoria, 12, Apartado 3223, 20013 Donostia-San Sebastián, Spain; Email: - - 2013
Five species of aglaopheniid hydroids (Aglaophenopsis cornuta, Cladocarpus diana, C. formosus, C. integer, and Nematocarpus ramuliferus) were collected from the Flemish Cap, Flemish Pass, and Grand Banks of Newfoundland during surveys with bottom trawls, rock dredges, and scallop gear. All are infrequently reported species, with C. diana being discovered for ...
Krueger Martin W - - 2012
Computational atrial models aid the understanding of pathological mechanisms and therapeutic measures in basic research. The use of biophysical models in a clinical environment requires methods to personalize the anatomy and electrophysiology (EP). Strategies for the automation of model generation and for evaluation are needed. In this manuscript, the current ...
Macleod David B - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Cerebral oximetry may be a valuable monitor, but few validation data are available, and most report the change from baseline rather than absolute accuracy, which may be affected by individuals whose oximetric values are outside the expected range. The authors sought to develop and validate a cerebral oximeter capable ...
van der Hout-van der Jagt M Beatrijs - - 2012
Fetal welfare during labor and delivery is commonly monitored through the cardiotocogram (CTG), the combined registration of uterus contractions and fetal heart rate (FHR). From the CTG, the fetal oxygen state is estimated as the main indicator of the fetal condition, but this estimate is difficult to make, due to ...
Fan Chuigang - - 2012
A lumped three-reaction kinetic model for off-gas emissions of stored wood pellets in sealed containers has been developed accounting for the formation of CO and CO ( 2 ) and the depletion of O ( 2 ) . Off-gas emission data at different conditions were used to extract kinetic model ...
Zhu Ryberg Yingzhi - - 2012
Barrier performance and retrostructural modeling of the macromolecular components demonstrate new design principles for film formulations based on renewable wood hydrolysates. Hardwood hydrolysates, which contain a fair share of lignin co-existing with poly- and oligo-saccharides, offer excellent oxygen-barrier performance. A Hansen Solubility Parameter (HSP) model has been developed to convert ...
Lease Hilary M - - 2012
Constraints on oxygen delivery potentially limit animal body size. Because diffusion rates are highly distance dependent, and because tracheal length increases with size, gas exchange was traditionally thought to be more difficult for larger insects. As yet the effect of body size on critical oxygen partial pressure (P(crit)) has not ...
Geng Xiaolong - - 2012
The biodegradation of heptadecane in five sand columns was modeled using a multiplicative Monod approach. Each column contained 1.0 kg of sand and 2 g of heptadecane, and was supplied with an artificial seawater solution containing nutrients at a flow rate that resulted in unsaturated flow through the column. All nutrients were ...
Strigari L - - 2012
Purpose: Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) has been applied to lung tumors at different stages and sizes with good local tumor control (LC) rates. The linear quadratic model (LQM), in its basic formulation, does not seem to be appropriate to describe the response to radiotherapy for clinical trials, based on a ...
Lacroix Sébastien - - 2012
Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is a noninvasive technique evaluating microvascular function. The aim of this study was to assess the reproducibility of NIRS parameters during reactive hyperemia induced by a 5 min brachial artery occlusion. Twenty-four healthy young males (mean 34±8 years old) had two microvascular function evaluations by NIRS over ...
Bussmann-Holder Annette - - 2012
This article reviews the polarizability model and its applications to ferroelectric perovskite oxides. The motivation for the introduction of the model is discussed and nonlinear oxygen ion polarizability effects and their lattice dynamical implementation outlined. While a large part of this work is dedicated to results obtained within the self-consistent-phonon ...
Allard F - - 2012
Within the next few years, GAIA and several instruments aiming to image extrasolar planets will be ready. In parallel, low-mass planets are being sought around red dwarfs, which offer more favourable conditions, for both radial velocity detection and transit studies, than solar-type stars. In this paper, the authors of a ...
Kusiak Andrew - - 2012
In wastewater treatment plants, predicting influent water quality is important for energy management. The influent water quality is measured by metrics such as carbonaceous biochemical oxygen demand (CBOD), potential of hydrogen, and total suspended solid. In this paper, a data-driven approach for time-ahead prediction of CBOD is presented. Due to ...
Clapham Matthew E - - 2012
Giant insects, with wingspans as large as 70 cm, ruled the Carboniferous and Permian skies. Gigantism has been linked to hyperoxic conditions because oxygen concentration is a key physiological control on body size, particularly in groups like flying insects that have high metabolic oxygen demands. Here we show, using a ...
Cloutier M - - 2012
Research into Parkinson's disease (PD) is difficult and time consuming. It is a complex condition that develops over many decades in the human brain. For such apparently intractable diseases, mathematical models can offer an additional means of investigation. As a contribution to this process, the authors have developed an ordinary ...
Patil Abhijit - - 2012
Load duration curves were developed using the Hydrological Simulation Program FORTRAN (HSPF) for dissolved oxygen (DO) for the Amite River in Louisiana, USA. The concept of 'dissolved oxygen reserve', defined as the total quantity of DO, is introduced. The effect of temporal resolution on duration curves of DO reserve was ...
Hoffman B W - - 2012
Human length-tension curves are traditionally constructed using a model that assumes passive tension does not change during contraction (model A) even though the animal literature suggests that passive tension can decrease (model B). The study's aims were threefold: 1) measure differences in human medial gastrocnemius length-tension curves using model A ...
Pye Havala O T - - 2012
A computationally efficient method to treat secondary organic aerosol (SOA) from various length and structure alkanes as well as SOA from polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) is implemented in the Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) model to predict aerosol concentrations over the United States. Oxidation of alkanes is predicted to produce ...
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