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Gordillo Luis F LF a Department of Mathematics and Statistics , Utah State University , Logan , UT 84322 , - - 2014
The release of sterile insects is an environment friendly pest control method used in integrated pest management programmes. Difference or differential equations based on Knipling's model often provide satisfactory qualitative descriptions of pest populations subject to sterile release at relatively high densities with large mating encounter rates, but fail otherwise. ...
Mitteldorf Joshua J Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Science Department, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts - - 2014
Abstract Population turnover is necessary for progressive evolution. In the context of a niche with fixed carrying capacity, aging contributes to the rate of population turnover. Theoretically, a population in which death is programmed on a fixed schedule can evolve more rapidly than one in which population turnover is left ...
Stamyr Kristin K Work Environment Toxicology, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Box 210, 171 77, Stockholm, - - 2014
Hydrogen cyanide (HCN) is a potent and fast-acting toxin increasingly recognized as an important cause of death in fire victims. Prompt diagnosis and treatment of cyanide poisoning are essential to avoid fatalities. Unfortunately, there are at present few rapid diagnostic methods. A noninvasive methodology would be to use HCN in ...
Ubelaker Douglas H DH Department of Anthropology, Smithsonian Institution, NMNH, MRC 112, Washington, DC, - - 2014
Radiocarbon analysis of organic materials, with the comparison of values with those of the post-1950 modern bomb curve, has proven useful in forensic science to help evaluate the antiquity of evidence. Applications are particularly helpful in the study of human remains, especially with those displaying advanced decomposition of soft tissues. ...
Heath Tracy A TA Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720;Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS - - 2014
Time-calibrated species phylogenies are critical for addressing a wide range of questions in evolutionary biology, such as those that elucidate historical biogeography or uncover patterns of coevolution and diversification. Because molecular sequence data are not informative on absolute time, external data-most commonly, fossil age estimates-are required to calibrate estimates of ...
Shardell Michelle M Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Maryland 660 West Redwood Street, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA - - 2014
Motivated by aging research, we propose an estimator of the effect of a time-varying exposure on an outcome in longitudinal studies with dropout and truncation by death. We use an inverse-probability weighted (IPW) estimator to derive a doubly robust augmented inverse-probability weighted (AIPW) estimator. IPW estimation involves weights for the ...
Vinjé Jan J Division of Viral Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA - - 2014
Human noroviruses are the leading cause of epidemic and sporadic gastroenteritis across all age groups. Although the disease is usually self-limiting, in the United States norovirus gastroenteritis causes an estimated 56,000-71,000 hospitalizations and 570-800 deaths each year. This minireview describes the latest data on laboratory methods (molecular, immunological) for norovirus ...
Iwamura Takuya T Department of Biology and Department of Environmental Earth System Science, 473 Via Ortega, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, U.S.A.; Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Environmental Decisions, School of Biological Sciences, The University of Queensland, St. Lucia, Queensland, 4072, Australia. - - 2014
Every year, millions of migratory shorebirds fly through the East Asian-Australasian Flyway between their arctic breeding grounds and Australasia. This flyway includes numerous coastal wetlands in Asia and the Pacific that are used as stopover sites where birds rest and feed. Loss of a few important stopover sites through sea-level ...
Brieva Jorge J 1 Division of Anaesthesia, Intensive Care and Pain Management, John Hunter Hospital, Hunter New England Area Health Service, NSW, Australia. 2 Centre for Translational Neuroscience and Mental Health (CTNMH), University of Newcastle, NSW, Australia. 3 Department of Consultation-Liaison Psychiatry, Calvary Mater Newcastle Hospital, NSW, Australia. 4 Address correspondence to: Jorge Brieva, FCICM, PGDip Echo, Division of Anaesthesia, Intensive Care and Pain Management John Hunter Hospital, Hunter New England Area Health Service, NSW, - - 2014
Given the stable number of potential organ donors after brain death, donors after circulatory death have been an increasing source of organs procured for transplant. Among the most important considerations for donation after circulatory death (DCD) is the prediction that death will occur within a reasonable period of time after ...
Sullivan Kristynn J - - 2014
Single-case designs (SCDs) are short time series that assess intervention effects by measuring units repeatedly over time in both the presence and absence of treatment. This article introduces a statistical technique for analyzing SCD data that has not been much used in psychological and educational research: generalized additive models (GAMs). ...
Alghnam Suliman S King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, KAIMRC, KSAU-HS, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Traffic-related injuries are a major cause of premature death in developing countries. Saudi Arabia has struggled with high rates of traffic-related deaths for decades, yet little is known about health outcomes of motor vehicle victims seeking medical care. This study aims to develop and validate a model to predict in-hospital ...
Salim Celso C Fundacentro, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to investigate the trends and differentials of workplace accidents registered in the mining sector in the State of Minas Gerais, located in Southeastern Brazil and responsible for more than 40% of mineral production in the country. In addition, it intends to identify some restraints ...
Vidal Clement C Center Leo Apostel Global Brain Institute Evolution, Complexity and Cognition group Vrije Universiteit Brussel (Free University of Brussels) Krijgskundestraat 33, 1160 Brussels, Belgium. - - 2014
The death of our universe is as certain as our individual death. Some cosmologists have elaborated models which would make the cosmos immortal. In this paper, I examine them as cosmological extrapolations of immortality narratives that civilizations have developed to face death anxiety. I first show why cosmological death should ...
Wei Shaoceng S 1Department of Statistics, Lexington, KY, - - 2014
Continuous-time multi-state stochastic processes are useful for modeling the flow of subjects from intact cognition to dementia with mild cognitive impairment and global impairment as intervening transient cognitive states and death as a competing risk. Each subject's cognition is assessed periodically resulting in interval censoring for the cognitive states while ...
Jiménez-Mejías Eladio E Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, School of Medicine, University of Granada, , Granada, - - 2014
A decomposition procedure was used to estimate the percentage contributions of exposure, risk of collision and fatality to explain the decreases in pedestrian collision death rates observed in Spain from 1993 to 2011. Information was obtained from the Spanish National Institute of Statistics and the Spanish Register of Road Crashes ...
Pigolotti Simone S Departament de Fisica i Enginyeria Nuclear, Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya Edifici GAIA, Rambla Sant Nebridi 22, 08222 Terrassa, Barcelona, - - 2014
We study a stochastic spatial model of biological competition in which two species have the same birth and death rates, but different diffusion constants. In the absence of this difference, the model can be considered as an off-lattice version of the voter model and presents similar coarsening properties. We show ...
Medenwald D D Institute of Medical Epidemiology, Biostatistics, and Informatics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Halle-Wittenberg, , Halle (Saale), - - 2014
There is inconsistent evidence on population mortality, especially cardiovascular disease mortality, on match days of national soccer teams during particular international tournaments. This study examines the number of deaths in Germany on match days of the national soccer team during a long-term period including several tournaments. We analysed all registered ...
Gross Samuel R SR University of Michigan Law School, Ann Arbor, MI - - 2014
The rate of erroneous conviction of innocent criminal defendants is often described as not merely unknown but unknowable. There is no systematic method to determine the accuracy of a criminal conviction; if there were, these errors would not occur in the first place. As a result, very few false convictions ...
Cave Rowena R From *Factuality Research & Analysis, Wellington, New Zealand; and †Bexar County Medical Examiner's Office, San Antonio, - - 2014
Many studies have been published examining various features of fatal gunshot wounds such as type of firearm, range of fire, number of shots, and wound location as a way of determining between homicidal and suicidal deaths. Pathologists frequently have to give evidence in court, and may have their opinion about ...
Anderson Robert N RN Robert N. Anderson is with the Division of Vital Statistics, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, MD. Glenn Copeland is with the Division for Vital Records and Health Statistics, Michigan Department of Community Health, Lansing. John Mosely Hayes is with the United South and Eastern Tribes, Tribal Epidemiology Center, Nashville, - - 2014
Racial misclassification is a well-documented weakness of mortality data taken from death certificates. As a result, mortality statistics for American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs) present, at best, an inaccurate and misleading assessment of mortality in this population. Studies evaluating the quality of race/ethnicity reporting on death certificates have linked ...
Raban Magdalena Z MZ Public Health Foundation of India, , New Delhi, - - 2014
Police records are the major source of data on road traffic collision (RTC) deaths in India. To examine the utility and quality of police data on RTC deaths available from two sources. Police data on RTC deaths available from National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) and Ministry of Road Transport and ...
Rinaldi Sergio S Politecnico di Milano, Italy, and International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenberg, - - 2014
A mathematical model is proposed for interpreting the love story between Elizabeth and Darcy portrayed by Jane Austen in the popular novel Pride and Prejudice. The analysis shows that the story is characterized by a sudden explosion of sentimental involvements, revealed by the existence of a saddle-node bifurcation in the ...
Belot Aurélien A Service de Biostatistique, Hospices Civils de Lyon, F-69495 Pierre-Bénite Cedex, France; Université de Lyon, F-69000 Lyon, France; Université Lyon I, Villeurbanne, F-69622, France; CNRS ; UMR 5558, Laboratoire de Biométrie et Biologie Evolutive, Equipe Biostatistique Santé, Pierre-Bénite, F-69495, France; Département des Maladies Chroniques et Traumatismes, Institut de Veille Sanitaire, Saint-Maurice, F-94415, - - 2014
In chronic diseases, such as cancer, recurrent events (such as relapses) are commonly observed; these could be interrupted by death. With such data, a joint analysis of recurrence and mortality processes is usually conducted with a frailty parameter shared by both processes. We examined a joint modeling of these processes ...
Li Jun - - 2014
A simple model is proposed to predict mode specificity and product energy disposal in unimolecular dissociation reactions. This so-called sudden vector projection (SVP) model quantifies the coupling of a reactant or product mode with the reaction coordinate at the transition state by projecting the corresponding normal vector onto the imaginary ...
Avakian Adam A Center for Polymer Studies and Department of Physics, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, - - 2014
We study the gross domestic product (GDP) per capita together with the market capitalization (MCAP) per capita as two indicators of the effect of globalization. We find that g, the GDP per capita, as a function of m, the MCAP per capita, follows a power law with average exponent close ...
Hubig Michael M Institute of Legal Medicine, Jena University Hospital - Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Bayesian estimation applied to temperature based death time estimation was recently introduced as conditional probability distribution or CPD-method by Biermann and Potente. The CPD-method is useful, if there is external information that sets the boundaries of the true death time interval (victim last seen alive and found dead). CPD allows ...
Cook Gordon T GT Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre, Scottish Enterprise Technology Park, Rankine Avenue, East Kilbride, G75 0QF, Scotland, UK, - - 2014
A review of information that can be provided from measurements made on natural and anthropogenic radionuclide activities in human skeletal remains has been undertaken to establish what reliable information of forensic anthropological use can be obtained regarding years of birth and death (and hence post-mortem interval (PMI)). Of the anthropogenic ...
Jelle Lever J J Department of Aquatic Ecology and Water Quality Management, Wageningen University, P.O. Box 47, NL-6700 AA, Wageningen, The Netherlands; Integrative Ecology Group, Estación Biológica de Doñana, CSIC Calle Américo Vespucio s/n, Sevilla, 41092, - - 2014
Declines in pollinator populations may harm biodiversity and agricultural productivity. Little attention has, however, been paid to the systemic response of mutualistic communities to global environmental change. Using a modelling approach and merging network theory with theory on critical transitions, we show that the scale and nature of critical transitions ...
Dobratz Marjorie C MC Professor and Graduate Coordinator, University of Washington - - 2014
The author of this paper examines the initial conceptualization of death and dying theory within the context of the Roy adaptation model (RAM) and compares it with current knowledge development. An evolved RAM with its philosophic assumptions provides a framework by which to add existential components of spirituality, life meaning, ...
Murray Christopher Jl CJ Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, 2301 5th Avenue Suite 600, Seattle, WA 98121, USA. - - 2014
Monitoring progress with disease and injury reduction in many populations will require widespread use of verbal autopsy (VA). Multiple methods have been developed for assigning cause of death from a VA but their application is restricted by uncertainty about their reliability. We investigated the validity of five automated VA methods ...
Desai Nikita - - 2014
Physician-coded verbal autopsy (PCVA) is the most widely used method to determine causes of death (CODs) in countries where medical certification of death is uncommon. Computer-coded verbal autopsy (CCVA) methods have been proposed as a faster and cheaper alternative to PCVA, though they have not been widely compared to PCVA ...
Keller Daniela Barbara DB Department of Bioinformatics, Biocenter, University of Würzburg, Würzburg, - - 2014
Words are built from smaller meaning bearing parts, called morphemes. As one word can contain multiple morphemes, one morpheme can be present in different words. The number of distinct words a morpheme can be found in is its family size. Here we used Birth-Death-Innovation Models (BDIMs) to analyze the distribution ...
Li Guihua G Department of Mathematics, North University of China, Taiyuan, Shanxi 030051, - - 2014
We establish and study vector-borne models with logistic and exponential growth of vector and host populations, respectively. We discuss and analyses the existence and stability of equilibria. The model has backward bifurcation and may have no, one, or two positive equilibria when the basic reproduction number R 0 is less ...
Lawson Daniel John DJ Heilbronn Institute, School of Mathematics, University of Bristol, Bristol, United - - 2014
An explanation for the political processes leading to the sudden collapse of empires and states would be useful for understanding both historical and contemporary political events. We examine political disintegration across eras, cultures and geographical scale to form a simple hypothesis that can be expressed verbally yet formulated mathematically. Factions ...
Holme Petter P 1] Department of Energy Science, Sungkyunkwan University, 440-746 Suwon, Korea [2] IceLab, Department of Physics, Umeå University, 90187 Umeå, Sweden [3] Department of Sociology, Stockholm University, 10961 Stockholm, Sweden [4] Institute for Futures Study, 10131 Stockholm, - - 2014
We investigate what structural aspects of a collection of twelve empirical temporal networks of human contacts are important to disease spreading. We scan the entire parameter spaces of the two canonical models of infectious disease epidemiology-the Susceptible-Infectious-Susceptible (SIS) and Susceptible-Infectious-Removed (SIR) models. The results from these simulations are compared to ...
Qu Hongquan H College of Information Engineering, North China University of Technology, Beijing 100144, - - 2014
Accidental pollution events often threaten people's health and lives, and a pollutant source is very necessary so that prompt remedial actions can be taken. In this paper, a trace continuous pollutant source identification method is developed to identify a sudden continuous emission pollutant source in an enclosed space. The location ...
McDevitt Allan D AD School of Biology and Environmental Science, University College Dublin, Dublin, - - 2014
Establishing how invasive species impact upon pre-existing species is a fundamental question in ecology and conservation biology. The greater white-toothed shrew (Crocidura russula) is an invasive species in Ireland that was first recorded in 2007 and which, according to initial data, may be limiting the abundance/distribution of the pygmy shrew ...
Krause Neal N University of - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to test a conceptual model that aims to clarify the relationship between religious commitment and death anxiety. This model contains the following hypotheses: (1) people who affiliate with Conservative Protestant congregations will be more likely to attend worship services; (2) people who go to ...
Viallon Vivian V Université de Lyon, F-69622 Lyon, France; Université Lyon 1, UMRESTTE, F-69373 Lyon, France; IFSTTAR, UMRESTTE, F-69675 Bron, - - 2013
Looking for associations among multiple variables is a topical issue in statistics due to the increasing amount of data encountered in biology, medicine, and many other domains involving statistical applications. Graphical models have recently gained popularity for this purpose in the statistical literature. In the binary case, however, exact inference ...
Sahoo Satya S - - 2013
The rapidly growing volume of multimodal electrophysiological signal data is playing a critical role in patient care and clinical research across multiple disease domains, such as epilepsy and sleep medicine. To facilitate secondary use of these data, there is an urgent need to develop novel algorithms and informatics approaches using ...
Wallace Rodrick R Division of Epidemiology, The New York State Psychiatric Institute, Box 47, NSPI, 1051 Riverside Drive, New York, NY, 10032, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The 'Cambrian explosion' 500 Myr ago saw a relatively sudden proliferation of organism Bauplan and ecosystem niche structure that continues to haunt evolutionary biology. Here, adapting standard methods from information theory and statistical mechanics, we model the phenomenon as a noise-driven phase transition, in the context of deep-time relaxation of current ...
Macnamara Aine - - 2013
Abstract Gulbin and colleagues (Gulbin, J. P., Croser, M. J., Morley, E. J., & Weissensteiner, J. R. (2013). An integrated framework for the optimisation of sport and athlete development: A practitioner approach. Journal of Sports Sciences) present a new sport and athlete development framework that evolved from empirical observations from ...
Peters Frederik - - 2013
Recently, a new interpretation problem of trends in period life expectancy has been discussed in the demographic literature. The so-called tempo effects arise if large numbers of deaths are suddenly postponed. In such conditions, the life table inflates longevity gains in the population because it weights avoided deaths with the ...
Moodie Erica E M - - 2013
It is often the case that interest lies in the effect of an exposure on each of several distinct event types. For example, we are motivated to investigate in the impact of recent injection drug use on deaths due to each of cancer, end-stage liver disease, and overdose in the ...
Ribeiro Jessica D - - 2013
The Interpersonal Theory of Suicide proposes that suicidal behavior is so frightening that in order for an individual to engage in suicidal behavior, desire for suicide must be accompanied by the capability to do so. The capability for suicide is characterized by both a sense of fearlessness about death and ...
Pennotti Radha - - 2013
Abstract Background: Ciguatera and scombroid fish poisonings are common causes of fish-related foodborne illness in the United States; however, existing surveillance systems underestimate the overall human health impact. Objectives: This study aimed to describe existing data on ciguatera and scombroid fish poisonings from outbreak and poison control center reports and ...
Robben Antonius C G M AC a Department of Anthropology , Utrecht University , Utrecht , The - - 2014
This article uses the dual process model (DPM) in an analysis of the national mourning of tens of thousands of disappeared in Chile and Argentina by adapting the model from the individual to the collective level where society as a whole is bereaved. Perpetrators are also involved in the national ...
Bodner Ehud E a The Interdisciplinary Department of Social Sciences and the Music Department , Bar-Ilan University , Ramat-Gan , - - 2014
The study introduces a model in which attachment patterns serve as predictors, empathy and fear of death as mediators, and ageism as the predicted variable. Data were collected from young adults (N = 440). Anxious attachment was directly and positively correlated with ageism, and also indirectly and positively by the mediator "fear ...
Kabengele Mpinga Emmanuel E Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine Faculty of Medicine, Geneva University and Swiss School of Public Health. - - 2014
Mortality data are often unavailable, incomplete, and difficult to access for research and other purposes. Gaps in mortality data reports, particularly those detailing place of death, deprive healthcare professionals, decision-makers, and many others of the information that is needed to plan, implement, and evaluate interventions designed for purposes such as ...
Merchant Faisal M FM Cardiology Division, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA; Cardiology Division, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, - - 2013
Although left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) is the primary determinant for sudden cardiac death (SCD) risk stratification, in isolation, LVEF is a sub-optimal risk stratifier. We assessed whether a multi-marker strategy would provide more robust SCD risk stratification than LVEF alone. We collected patient-level data (n = 3355) from 6 ...
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