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Raban Magdalena Z MZ Public Health Foundation of India, , New Delhi, - - 2014
Police records are the major source of data on road traffic collision (RTC) deaths in India. To examine the utility and quality of police data on RTC deaths available from two sources. Police data on RTC deaths available from National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) and Ministry of Road Transport and ...
Rinaldi Sergio S Politecnico di Milano, Italy, and International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenberg, - - 2014
A mathematical model is proposed for interpreting the love story between Elizabeth and Darcy portrayed by Jane Austen in the popular novel Pride and Prejudice. The analysis shows that the story is characterized by a sudden explosion of sentimental involvements, revealed by the existence of a saddle-node bifurcation in the ...
Belot Aurélien A Service de Biostatistique, Hospices Civils de Lyon, F-69495 Pierre-Bénite Cedex, France; Université de Lyon, F-69000 Lyon, France; Université Lyon I, Villeurbanne, F-69622, France; CNRS ; UMR 5558, Laboratoire de Biométrie et Biologie Evolutive, Equipe Biostatistique Santé, Pierre-Bénite, F-69495, France; Département des Maladies Chroniques et Traumatismes, Institut de Veille Sanitaire, Saint-Maurice, F-94415, - - 2014
In chronic diseases, such as cancer, recurrent events (such as relapses) are commonly observed; these could be interrupted by death. With such data, a joint analysis of recurrence and mortality processes is usually conducted with a frailty parameter shared by both processes. We examined a joint modeling of these processes ...
Li Jun - - 2014
A simple model is proposed to predict mode specificity and product energy disposal in unimolecular dissociation reactions. This so-called sudden vector projection (SVP) model quantifies the coupling of a reactant or product mode with the reaction coordinate at the transition state by projecting the corresponding normal vector onto the imaginary ...
Avakian Adam A Center for Polymer Studies and Department of Physics, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, - - 2014
We study the gross domestic product (GDP) per capita together with the market capitalization (MCAP) per capita as two indicators of the effect of globalization. We find that g, the GDP per capita, as a function of m, the MCAP per capita, follows a power law with average exponent close ...
Hubig Michael M Institute of Legal Medicine, Jena University Hospital - Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Bayesian estimation applied to temperature based death time estimation was recently introduced as conditional probability distribution or CPD-method by Biermann and Potente. The CPD-method is useful, if there is external information that sets the boundaries of the true death time interval (victim last seen alive and found dead). CPD allows ...
Cook Gordon T GT Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre, Scottish Enterprise Technology Park, Rankine Avenue, East Kilbride, G75 0QF, Scotland, UK, - - 2014
A review of information that can be provided from measurements made on natural and anthropogenic radionuclide activities in human skeletal remains has been undertaken to establish what reliable information of forensic anthropological use can be obtained regarding years of birth and death (and hence post-mortem interval (PMI)). Of the anthropogenic ...
Jelle Lever J J Department of Aquatic Ecology and Water Quality Management, Wageningen University, P.O. Box 47, NL-6700 AA, Wageningen, The Netherlands; Integrative Ecology Group, Estación Biológica de Doñana, CSIC Calle Américo Vespucio s/n, Sevilla, 41092, - - 2014
Declines in pollinator populations may harm biodiversity and agricultural productivity. Little attention has, however, been paid to the systemic response of mutualistic communities to global environmental change. Using a modelling approach and merging network theory with theory on critical transitions, we show that the scale and nature of critical transitions ...
Dobratz Marjorie C MC Professor and Graduate Coordinator, University of Washington - - 2014
The author of this paper examines the initial conceptualization of death and dying theory within the context of the Roy adaptation model (RAM) and compares it with current knowledge development. An evolved RAM with its philosophic assumptions provides a framework by which to add existential components of spirituality, life meaning, ...
Murray Christopher Jl CJ Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, 2301 5th Avenue Suite 600, Seattle, WA 98121, USA. - - 2014
Monitoring progress with disease and injury reduction in many populations will require widespread use of verbal autopsy (VA). Multiple methods have been developed for assigning cause of death from a VA but their application is restricted by uncertainty about their reliability. We investigated the validity of five automated VA methods ...
Desai Nikita - - 2014
Physician-coded verbal autopsy (PCVA) is the most widely used method to determine causes of death (CODs) in countries where medical certification of death is uncommon. Computer-coded verbal autopsy (CCVA) methods have been proposed as a faster and cheaper alternative to PCVA, though they have not been widely compared to PCVA ...
Keller Daniela Barbara DB Department of Bioinformatics, Biocenter, University of Würzburg, Würzburg, - - 2014
Words are built from smaller meaning bearing parts, called morphemes. As one word can contain multiple morphemes, one morpheme can be present in different words. The number of distinct words a morpheme can be found in is its family size. Here we used Birth-Death-Innovation Models (BDIMs) to analyze the distribution ...
Viallon Vivian V Université de Lyon, F-69622 Lyon, France; Université Lyon 1, UMRESTTE, F-69373 Lyon, France; IFSTTAR, UMRESTTE, F-69675 Bron, - - 2013
Looking for associations among multiple variables is a topical issue in statistics due to the increasing amount of data encountered in biology, medicine, and many other domains involving statistical applications. Graphical models have recently gained popularity for this purpose in the statistical literature. In the binary case, however, exact inference ...
Sahoo Satya S - - 2013
The rapidly growing volume of multimodal electrophysiological signal data is playing a critical role in patient care and clinical research across multiple disease domains, such as epilepsy and sleep medicine. To facilitate secondary use of these data, there is an urgent need to develop novel algorithms and informatics approaches using ...
Wallace Rodrick R Division of Epidemiology, The New York State Psychiatric Institute, Box 47, NSPI, 1051 Riverside Drive, New York, NY, 10032, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The 'Cambrian explosion' 500 Myr ago saw a relatively sudden proliferation of organism Bauplan and ecosystem niche structure that continues to haunt evolutionary biology. Here, adapting standard methods from information theory and statistical mechanics, we model the phenomenon as a noise-driven phase transition, in the context of deep-time relaxation of current ...
Macnamara Aine - - 2013
Abstract Gulbin and colleagues (Gulbin, J. P., Croser, M. J., Morley, E. J., & Weissensteiner, J. R. (2013). An integrated framework for the optimisation of sport and athlete development: A practitioner approach. Journal of Sports Sciences) present a new sport and athlete development framework that evolved from empirical observations from ...
Peters Frederik - - 2013
Recently, a new interpretation problem of trends in period life expectancy has been discussed in the demographic literature. The so-called tempo effects arise if large numbers of deaths are suddenly postponed. In such conditions, the life table inflates longevity gains in the population because it weights avoided deaths with the ...
Moodie Erica E M - - 2013
It is often the case that interest lies in the effect of an exposure on each of several distinct event types. For example, we are motivated to investigate in the impact of recent injection drug use on deaths due to each of cancer, end-stage liver disease, and overdose in the ...
Ribeiro Jessica D - - 2013
The Interpersonal Theory of Suicide proposes that suicidal behavior is so frightening that in order for an individual to engage in suicidal behavior, desire for suicide must be accompanied by the capability to do so. The capability for suicide is characterized by both a sense of fearlessness about death and ...
Pennotti Radha - - 2013
Abstract Background: Ciguatera and scombroid fish poisonings are common causes of fish-related foodborne illness in the United States; however, existing surveillance systems underestimate the overall human health impact. Objectives: This study aimed to describe existing data on ciguatera and scombroid fish poisonings from outbreak and poison control center reports and ...
Robben Antonius C G M AC a Department of Anthropology , Utrecht University , Utrecht , The - - 2014
This article uses the dual process model (DPM) in an analysis of the national mourning of tens of thousands of disappeared in Chile and Argentina by adapting the model from the individual to the collective level where society as a whole is bereaved. Perpetrators are also involved in the national ...
Kabengele Mpinga Emmanuel E Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine Faculty of Medicine, Geneva University and Swiss School of Public Health. - - 2014
Mortality data are often unavailable, incomplete, and difficult to access for research and other purposes. Gaps in mortality data reports, particularly those detailing place of death, deprive healthcare professionals, decision-makers, and many others of the information that is needed to plan, implement, and evaluate interventions designed for purposes such as ...
Merchant Faisal M FM Cardiology Division, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA; Cardiology Division, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, - - 2013
Although left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) is the primary determinant for sudden cardiac death (SCD) risk stratification, in isolation, LVEF is a sub-optimal risk stratifier. We assessed whether a multi-marker strategy would provide more robust SCD risk stratification than LVEF alone. We collected patient-level data (n = 3355) from 6 ...
Anderson Brett R - - 2013
It is universally recognized that the prevention of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in youth is an important public health initiative. The best approach remains uncertain. Many European and Asian countries support the use of electrocardiograms (ECGs). In the United States, this is highly controversial. Many debate its cost-effectiveness. We designed ...
Ridgeway J A - - 2013
Some beetles are as useful as blow flies for estimating the minimum post mortem interval (PMImin) or time since death. Examples include Thanatophilus micans (Fabricius) and Thanatophilus mutilatus (Castelneau), two geographically and ecologically overlapping African beetles. Molecular means of identifying these species, descriptions of their natural history, thermal summation models ...
Sutradhar Rinku - - 2013
Background:The relationship between performance status and death among cancer patients has been of increasing interest over the past years. However, few studies have implemented statistical models that adequately capture the longitudinal nature of performance status assessments collected under intermittent observation.Aim:The main research aims were to examine the association between performance ...
Leffondré Karen - - 2013
In survival analyses of longitudinal data, death is often a competing event for the disease of interest, and the time-to-disease onset is interval-censored when the diagnosis is made at intermittent follow-up visits. As a result, the disease status at death is unknown for subjects disease-free at the last visit before ...
Wells Jeffrey D - - 2013
Carrion flies in the taxonomic family Sarcophagidae are often recovered from a human corpse. However, because such specimens are difficult to identify, the forensic literature on this taxon is quite limited compared with that of the commonly employed Calliphoridae. Faced with a sarcophagid larva that could not be identified microscopically ...
Brace Lear E - - 2013
Cockayne Syndrome (CS) is a rare autosomal recessive segmental progeria characterized by growth failure, lipodystrophy, neurological abnormalities and photosensitivity but without skin cancer predisposition. CS life expectancy ranges from 5 to 16 years for the two most severe forms (Types II and I, respectively). Mouse models of CS have thus ...
Potts Jonathan R - - 2013
Abstract Although territorial animals are able to maintain exclusive use of certain regions of space, movement data from neighboring individuals often suggest overlapping home ranges. To explain and unify these two aspects of animal space use, we use recently developed mechanistic models of collective animal movement. We apply our approach ...
Bruinsma Sophie M - - 2013
In some cases, physicians estimate that continuous sedation until death may have a life-shortening effect. The accuracy of these estimations can be questioned. The aim of this study is to compare two approaches to estimate the potential life-shortening effect of continuous sedation until death. In 2008, 370 Dutch physicians filled ...
Warrell David A - - 2013
The direct estimate of 46,000 snakebite deaths in India in 2005 (1 for every 2 HIV/AIDS deaths), based on verbal autopsies, renders unrealistic the total of only 47,000 snakebite deaths in the whole world in 2010, obtained indirectly as part of the "Global Burden of Disease 2010" study. Persistent underestimation ...
Magni Paola A - - 2013
The analyses of necrophagous insects feeding on a corpse can be successfully used to estimate the minimum time since death. A minimum time frame is sometimes an underestimate, but it is actually the only method that can provide such information when decomposed remains are found at a crime scene. Many ...
Petaros Anja - - 2013
Anatomy has a long history that started with dissection of animals and then expanded and flourished thanks to dissections performed on human bodies. Artists had a crucial role in uncovering the secrets of human anatomy. While most studies have focused on the influence of famous Renaissance artists on human anatomy ...
Cox Jennifer - - 2013
Recent research with college undergraduate mock jurors suggests that how psychopathic they perceive a criminal defendant to be is a powerful predictor of whether they will support a death verdict in simulated capital murder trials. Perceived affective and interpersonal traits of psychopathy are especially predictive of support for capital punishment, ...
Pechal Jennifer L - - 2013
Decomposition studies of vertebrate remains primarily focus on data that can be seen with the naked eye, such as arthropod or vertebrate scavenger activity, with little regard for what might be occurring with the microorganism community. Here, we discuss the necrobiome, or community of organisms associated with the decomposition of ...
Gran Jon Michael - - 2013
BACKGROUND: During the wave 1 of the influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus, Norway appeared to be suffering from high mortality rates. However, by the end of the pandemic, it was widely reported that the number of deaths were much lower than previous years. OBJECTIVES: The mortality burden from influenza is often assessed ...
Lee Keunbaik - - 2013
In longitudinal clinical trials, if a subject drops out due to death, certain responses, such as those measuring quality of life (QoL), will not be defined after the time of death. Thus, standard missing data analyses, e.g., under ignorable dropout, are problematic because these approaches implicitly 'impute' values of the ...
Ferrante Ariel - - 2013
Survival of floret primordia initiated seems critical for the determination of grain number and yield in wheat, and understanding what determines floret mortality would help in the development of more robust physiological models of yield determination. The growth of the juvenile spikes has been frequently considered the determinant of grain ...
Andreev Victor P - - 2013
Sudden Cardiac Death (SCD) is responsible for at least 180,000 deaths a year and incurs an average cost of $286 billion annually in the United States alone. Herein, we present a novel discrete event simulation model of SCD, which quantifies the chains of events associated with the formation, growth, and ...
Young Stephanie T - - 2013
The accurate determination of time since death, or postmortem interval (PMI), can be critical in the investigation of suspicious deaths. Knowing when a suspicious death occurred can limit the number of potential suspects to those without a viable alibi for the time of the crime. The forensic techniques currently employed ...
Rey G - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Monitoring the time trends in socioeconomic inequalities in mortality by cause is a key public health issue. The aim of this study was to compare methods to measure social inequalities in cause-specific mortality in the French population aged 25-55years. More specifically, it compares bias and precision related to the ...
Bernitz Herman - - 2013
In the forensic assessment of burned bodies, the question of whether the victim was exposed to the fire before or after death is of crucial importance. Several external signs have been used in the past to indicate heat exposure prior to the death of the victim but these did not ...
Wang Tai-Chi - - 2013
Spatial data often possess multiple components, such as local clusters and global clustering, and these effects are not easy to be separated. In this study, we propose an approach to deal with the cases where both global clustering and local clusters exist simultaneously. The proposed method is a two-stage approach, ...
Houchmandzadeh Bahram - - 2013
One of the most fundamental concepts of evolutionary dynamics is the "fixation" probability, i.e. the probability that a mutant spreads through the whole population. Most natural communities are geographically structured into habitats exchanging individuals among each other and can be modeled by an evolutionary graph (EG), where directed links weight ...
Butterworth Andrew - - 2013
Annually in Japanese waters, small cetaceans are killed in "drive hunts" with quotas set by the government of Japan. The Taiji Fishing Cooperative in Japan has published the details of a new killing method that involves cutting (transecting) the spinal cord and purports to reduce time to death. The method ...
Martin-Vallas François - - 2013
In this paper the author argues that Jung's concept of archetype should not be reduced to an univocal definition. Jung himself proposed many definitions of this concept, some of them being partially or totally contradictory to others. A univocal and logical way of thinking can lead us to refute and ...
Chandra Siddharth - - 2013
Current estimates of deaths from the influenza pandemic of 1918-19 in Japan are based on vital records and range from 257,000 to 481,000. The resulting crude death rate range of 0.47%-0.88% is considerably lower than parallel and conservative worldwide estimates of 1.66%-2.77%. Because the accuracy of vital registration records for ...
Höhna Sebastian - - 2013
MOTIVATION: Diversification rates and patterns may be inferred from reconstructed phylogenies. Both the time-dependent as well as the diversity-dependent birth-death process can produce the same observed patterns of diversity over time. To develop and test new models describing the macro-evolutionary process of diversification, generic and fast algorithms to simulate under ...
Maujean Géraldine - - 2013
A 27-year-old man was found dead in an advanced decomposition stage at home. On external examination, his body showed petechial hemorrhages of the skin. At autopsy, petechial hemorrhages of the epicardium were found, but no sign of meningitis was detected. Toxicological investigations remained negative. Bacteriological conventional analyses showed no significant ...
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