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Fenech C C School of Biotechnology, Dublin City University, Dublin 9, - - 2014
Numerous approaches have been suggested for differentiating point and diffuse sources of nitrate contamination, including nitrate stable isotopes, microbiological analyses, genetic markers and chemical markers. Each approach has its own strengths and limitations. As a result, the most appropriate approach to use largely depends upon the scenario and the context ...
Latif Rabia R National University of Sciences and Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan, - - 2014
Wireless Body Area Networks (WBANs) have emerged as a promising technology that has shown enormous potential in improving the quality of healthcare, and has thus found a broad range of medical applications from ubiquitous health monitoring to emergency medical response systems. The huge amount of highly sensitive data collected and ...
Cichosz Simon Lebech SL Department of Endocrinology and Internal Medicine and Medical Research Laboratory, Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark Department of Health Science and Technology, Aalborg University, Denmark - - 2014
We have previously tested, in a laboratory setting, a novel algorithm that enables prediction of hypoglycemia. The algorithm integrates information of autonomic modulation, based on heart rate variability (HRV), and data based on a continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) device. Now, we investigate whether the algorithm is suitable for prediction of ...
Palumbo P P Istituto di Analisi dei Sistemi ed Informatica A. Ruberti, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (IASI-CNR), BioMatLab - UCSC - Largo A. Gemelli 8, 00168 Roma, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Closed-loop devices delivering medical treatments in an automatic fashion clearly require a thorough preliminary phase according to which the proposed control law is tested and validated as realistically as possible, before arranging in vivo experiments in a clinical setting. The present note develops a virtual environment aiming to validate a ...
Ren Ye - - 2014
Wind energy is a clean and an abundant renewable energy source. Accurate wind speed forecasting is essential for power dispatch planning, unit commitment decision, maintenance scheduling, and regulation. However, wind is intermittent and wind speed is difficult to predict. This brief proposes a novel wind speed forecasting method by integrating ...
Abd Razak Nasrul Anuar - - 2014
Understanding of kinematics force applied at the elbow is important in many fields, including biomechanics, biomedical engineering and rehabilitation. This paper provides a comparison of a mathematical model of elbow joint using three different types of prosthetics for transhumeral user, and characterizes the forces required to overcome the passive mechanical ...
Mora Johanna J Bioanalytical Sciences Biologics, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Princeton, New Jersey, - - 2014
The purpose of this manuscript is to provide a summary of the evaluation done by the Throughput and Multiplexing subteam on five emerging technologies: Single molecule array (Simoa™), Optimiser™, CyTOF® (Mass cytometry), SQIDLite™, and iLite™. Most of the information is presented with a minimum amount of published data and much ...
Mehmood A A MIPS Laboratory (EA 3223), University of Haute-Alsace, 12 rue des frères lumière F-68093 Mulhouse, France; COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Park road Islamabad, Pakistan. Electronic address: - - 2014
This paper aims with the mathematical modelling of an active inflatable device. This device is composed of a compressor, an Electro-pneumatic Pressure Converter (EPC) and an Inflatable Textile fabric Pocket (ITP). The later has interesting mechanical properties and is fabricated using Jacquard knitting technique which allows automatic production of unlimited ...
Aziz Fayeem F Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, - - 2014
This paper presents a wheelchair navigation system based on a hidden Markov model (HMM), which we developed to assist those with restricted mobility. The semi-autonomous system is equipped with obstacle/collision avoidance sensors and it takes the electrooculography (EOG) signal traces from the user as commands to maneuver the wheelchair. The ...
Zong Pu P Department of Medicine, James J. Peters VA Medical Center, Bronx, New - - 2014
Accurate normalization of cardiac chamber size in the obese population is a challenge. The aim of this study was to develop and assess the performance of allometric models for scaling left heart chamber sizes, including left atrial anteroposterior dimension (LADAP), left atrial volume (LAV), left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV), and ...
Shihadeh Alan A Department of Mechanical Engineering, American University of Beirut, Lebanon Center for the Study of Tobacco Products, Department of Psychology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia - - 2014
Electronic cigarettes (ECIGs) comprise an aerosolized nicotine delivery product category that provides consumers with probably unprecedented control over extensive features and operating conditions, allowing a wide range of nicotine yields to be obtained. Depending on the combination of such ECIG variables as electrical power input, geometry, liquid composition, and puff ...
Sannino Giovanna - - 2014
Detection and real time monitoring of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) episodes are very important tasks in healthcare. To suitably face them, this paper proposes an easy-to-use, cheap mobile-based approach relying on three steps. First, single-channel ECG data from a patient are collected by a wearable sensor and are recorded on ...
Cavero Eva - - 2014
This paper proposes an Echocardiogram Transmission Protocol (ETP) for real-time end-to-end transmission of echocardiograms over IP networks. The ETP has been designed taking into account the echocardiogram characteristics of each visualized region, encoding each region according to its data type, visualization characteristics and diagnostic importance in order to improve the ...
Isenstein Elizabeth M EM Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Massachusetts Amherst, MA 01003, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The introduction of nutrients to lakes causing eutrophic conditions is a major problem around the world. Proper monitoring and modeling are important to effectively manage eutrophication in lake waters. The goal is to develop remote sensing models for nutrients, total phosphorus and total nitrogen, in Lake Champlain. The remote sensing ...
Hiscock R R Department of Anaesthesiology, Mercy Hospital for Women, Heidelberg, - - 2014
We prospectively studied agreement in haemoglobin estimation between two point-of-care devices (Pronto-7(®) Pulse CO-Oximetry(™), Masimo Corporation, Irvine, California, USA and HemoCue(®) Hb 201 +, HemoCue, Angelholm, Sweden) and an automated laboratory analyser (Sysmex XE5000, Sysmex Corporation, Kobe, Japan). Venous blood sampling and finger co-oximeter readings were performed on 141 pregnant ...
Imam M H MH Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Melbourne, VIC, 3010, - - 2014
Ventricular repolarization dynamics is an important predictor of the outcome in cardiovascular diseases. Mathematical modeling of the heart rate variability (RR interval variability) and ventricular repolarization variability (QT interval variability) is one of the popular methods to understand the dynamics of ventricular repolarization. Although ECG derived respiration (EDR) was previously ...
Simmons Mark P MP Department of Biology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523-1878, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Contrived and simulated examples were used to quantify the range of conditions in which maximum likelihood and Bayesian MCMC methods are biased in favor of phylogenetic signal present in globally sampled characters over that present in conflicting locally sampled characters (those with missing data). The bias occurs in both the ...
Gerbers Roman R TU Braunschweig, - - 2014
Currently, the Lateral flow Immunoassays (LFIAs) are not able to perform complex multi-step immunodetection tests because of their inability to introduce multiple reagents in a controlled manner to the detection area autonomously. In this research, a point-of-care (POC) paper-based lateral flow immunosensor was developed incorporating a novel microfluidic valve technology. ...
Wisniewski Marcin - - 2014
This paper presents in detail a recently introduced highly efficient method for automatic detection of asthmatic wheezing in breathing sounds. The fluctuation in the Audio Spectral Envelope (ASE) from the MPEG-7 standard and the value of the Tonality Index (TI) from the MPEG-2 Audio specification are jointly used as discriminative ...
Azzazy Hassan M E HM Novel Diagnostics & Therapeutics, Yousef Jameel Science & Technology Research Centre and Department of Chemistry, School of Sciences & Engineering, The American University in Cairo, New Cairo, Egypt. Electronic address: - - 2014
The availability of portable healthcare devices, which can acquire and transmit medical data to remote experts would dramatically affect healthcare in areas with poor infrastructure. Smartphones, which feature touch screen computer capabilities and sophisticated cameras, have become widely available with over billion units shipped in 2013. In the clinical laboratory, ...
Vergara Christian C Dipartimento di Ingegneria, Università di Bergamo, Viale Marconi 5, 24044, Dalmine, BG, Italy, - - 2014
The propagation of the electrical signal in the Purkinje network is the starting point for the activation of the ventricular muscular cells leading to the contraction of the ventricle. In the computational models, describing the electrical activity of the ventricle is therefore important to account for the Purkinje fibers. Until ...
Shao Qiuji Q Department of Interventional Therapy, Henan Provincial People's Hospital Affiliated to Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, - - 2014
Mechanical thrombectomy is a promising new modality of interventional stroke treatment. Preparation of thrombus is a very important step for the evaluation of the mechanical thrombectomy devices. The objective of this study was to explore a new method of thrombus preparation with fluid model (FM) for assessment of thrombectomy devices ...
Rousset Sylvie S a INRA , Human Nutrition Unit UMR1019 , CRNH d'Auvergne, Clermont-Ferrand , - - 2014
Abstract The objective of this study was to evaluate the validity of total energy expenditure (TEE) provided by Actiheart(®) and Armband(®). Normal-weight adult volunteers wore both devices either for 17 hours in a calorimetric chamber (CC, n = 49) or for 10 days in free-living conditions (FLC) outside the laboratory ...
Lum Peter S PS Biomedical Engineering, The Catholic University of America, Pangborn Hall, room 131, 620 Michigan Ave NE, Washington, DC, 20064, USA, - - 2014
Internal models allow unimpaired individuals to appropriately scale grip force when grasping and lifting familiar objects. In prosthesis users, the internal model must adapt to the characteristics of the prosthetic devices and reduced sensory feedback. We studied the internal models of 11 amputees and eight unimpaired controls when grasping and ...
Nedelcu Robert G RG Former Resident, Associate Researcher, Department of Dental Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Huddinge, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
Intraoral scanners may use proprietary acquisition and manufacturing processes. However, limited information is available regarding their accuracy, their precision, and the influence that refraction or coating may have on their output. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the scanning accuracy and precision of 4 intraoral scanners and to assess ...
Corazza I I Experimental, Diagnostic and Specialty Medicine Department, University of Bologna, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The autonomic nervous system (ANS) regulates involuntary body functions and is commonly evaluated by measuring reflex responses of systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) to physiological and pharmacological stimuli. However, BP and HR values may not sufficient be to explain specific ANS events and other parameters ...
Mao Haojie H Department of Biomedical Engineering, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to create a computer-aided design (CAD) geometric dataset of a 10-year-old (10 YO) child. The study includes two phases of efforts. At Phase One, the 10 YO whole body CAD was developed from component computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging scans of 12 pediatric subjects. Geometrical ...
Lo Yu-Sheng YS Graduate Institute of Biomedical Informatics, College of Medical Science and Technology, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, - - 2014
In this study, we developed an integrated hospital-associated urinary tract infection (HAUTI) surveillance information system (called iHAUTISIS) based on existing electronic medical records (EMR) systems for improving the work efficiency of infection control professionals (ICPs) in a 730-bed, tertiary-care teaching hospital in Taiwan. The iHAUTISIS can automatically collect data relevant ...
Egan Vincent V Centre for Family and Forensic Psychology,Department of Psychiatry and Applied Psychology,School of Medicine,University of Nottingham,Jubilee Campus,Nottingham NG8 1BB,United - - 2014
Lankford makes many useful points regarding the myths and shibboleths underlying our understanding of self-destructive killers and suicide bombers. He has collated an impressive data set on such offenders. However, his classification scheme is not built on sufficient evidence to support his proposed discrete categories of conventional, coerced, escapist, and ...
Cruciani Gabriele - - 2014
FMO enzymes (FMOs) play a key role in the processes of detoxification and/or bio-activation of specific pharmaceuticals and xenobiotics bearing nucleophilic centers. The N-oxide and S-oxide metabolites produced by FMOs are often active metabolites. The FMOs are more active than cytochromes in the brain, and work in tandem with CYP3A4 ...
Bhattacharya-Ghosh Benjamin B University College London, Mechanical Engineering Department, Torrington Place, WC1E 7JE London, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Mathematical modelling has been used to comprehend the pathology and the assessment of different treatment techniques such as heart failure and left ventricular assist device therapy in the cardiovascular field. In this study, an in-silico model of the heart is developed to understand the effects of idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDC) ...
Zhang Mingming M Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Auckland, Auckland, New - - 2014
This article provides a comprehensive review of studies that investigated ankle assessment techniques to better understand those that can be used in the real-time monitoring of rehabilitation progress for implementation in conjunction with robot-assisted therapy. Seventy-six publications published between January 1980 and August 2013 were selected based on eight databases. ...
Zhao Qian Q The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong; Johns Hopkins University (JHU), Baltimore, MD 21218, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
We present a general framework for analysis of wireless capsule endoscopy (CE) studies. The current available workstations provide a time-consuming and labor-intense work-flow for clinicians which requires the inspection of the full-length video. The development of a computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) CE workstation will have a great potential to reduce the ...
Shqaidef Abedalrahman A Orthodontic Postgraduate Student, Glasgow Dental School, School of Medicine, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, - - 2014
Computer packages have been introduced to simulate the movements of the jaw in three dimensions to facilitate planning of treatment. After final 3-dimensional virtual planning, a rapid prototype wafer can be manufactured and used in theatre. Our aim was to assess the accuracy of rapid prototyping of virtual wafers derived ...
Seo Yong-Joon YJ Department of Prosthodontics, Seoul National University School of Dentistry, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the intra-rater reliability and inter-rater reliability of three different methods using a drawing protractor, a digital protractor after tracing, and a CAD system. Twenty-four artificial abutments that had been prepared by dental students were used in this study. Three dental students measured ...
Huhdanpaa Hannu T HT Department of Radiology, University of Southern California, 1500 San Pablo Street, Second Floor Imaging, Los Angeles, CA, 90033, USA, - - 2014
There are distinct morphologic features of cirrhosis on CT examinations; however, such impressions may be subtle or subjective. The purpose of this study is to build a computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) method to help radiologists with this diagnosis. One hundred sixty-seven abdominal CT examinations were randomly divided into training (n = 88) and ...
Bravini Elisabetta E PhD Program in Advanced Sciences and Technology in Rehabilitation Medicine and Sports, Tor Vergata University, Rome, - - 2014
Information on patient satisfaction with orthosis (PSwO) is crucial for verifying and enhancing orthotic quality, for clinical decision making, and for improving patient's quality of life. To perform the translation and cross-cultural adaptation into Italian of the recently revised version of the Client Satisfaction with Device (CSD) module of the ...
Gatica-Rojas Valeska V Laboratory of Human Motor Control, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Talca, Talca, - - 2014
Two key characteristics of all virtual reality applications are interaction and immersion. Systemic interaction is achieved through a variety of multisensory channels (hearing, sight, touch, and smell), permitting the user to interact with the virtual world in real time. Immersion is the degree to which a person can feel wrapped ...
Babaniyi Olalekan A OA Mech. Eng., Boston Univ., 730 Commonwealth Ave., Boston, MA 02215, - - 2014
Quantitative elastic modulus imaging from quasi-static displacement data requires the solution of an inverse elasticity problem. The inverse problem formulation generally requires specification of either displacement or traction boundary conditions. Most current ultrasound devices are not capable of measuring traction data, and the measured displacement field is noisy. The incomplete ...
Acquaviva Andrew A AA Acoust., Penn State Univ., 871 Willard St., State College, PA 16803, - - 2014
Understanding theoretical models of novel designs is a crucial component of developing early prototypes. This presentation discusses a new underwater low-frequency sound source. This system is based on a model of a clarinet-like source that is designed to work underwater, such that the complete assembly incorporates all of the necessary ...
Fontaine Arnie A AA Appl. Res. Lab., Penn State Univ., State College, - - 2014
As interest in waterpower technologies has increased over the last few years, there has been a growing need for a public database of measured data for these devices. This would provide a basic understanding of the technology and means to validate analytic and numerical models. Through collaboration between Sandia National ...
Thompson Stephen C SC Graduate Program in Acoust., The Penn State Univ., N-249 Millennium Sci. Complex, University Park, PA 16803, - - 2014
Wind musical instruments are examples of a pressure operated self-sustained oscillator that acts as an acoustic projector. Recent studies have shown that this device can also be implemented underwater. However the design parameters for such a device are necessarily different due to the large difference in medium density and acoustic ...
Kollmeier Birger B Cluster of Excellence Hearing4all & Medizinische Physik, Universität Oldenburg, Oldenburg D-26111, Germany, - - 2014
One of the aims of the focused research group "Individualized hearing acoustics" are elements of an assistive listening device that both fits the requirements of near-to-normal listeners (i.e., providing benefit in noisy situations or other daily life acoustical challenges) and, in addition, can be scaled up to a complete hearing ...
Azevedo Matthew M Acentech Inc., 33 Moulton St., Cambridge, MA 02138, - - 2014
It is now possible to build complex, parametrically accurate auralizations with many sound sources. However, parametric accuracy does not necessarily translate to perceptual accuracy. In order to create soundscapes that listeners will perceive as "real," audio production techniques are required, which generally lie outside of the expertise of an acoustician. ...
Quinn G D GD Volpe Research Center, American Dental Association Foundation, Stop 854-6, NIST, Gaithersburg, MD 29899, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
The edge chipping resistances of six CAD/CAM dental restoration materials are analyzed and correlated to other mechanical properties. A new quadratic relationship that is based on a phenomenological model is presented. The purpose of this study was to further analyze the edge chipping resistance of the brittle materials evaluated in ...
Kim Tae-Joon TJ KAIST (Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology), - - 2014
We propose several interactive global illumination techniques for a diverse set of massive models. We integrate these techniques within a progressive rendering framework that aims to achieve both a high rendering throughput and an interactive responsiveness. To achieve a high rendering throughput, we utilize heterogeneous computing resources consisting of CPU ...
Keul Christine C Department of Prosthodontics, Dental School, Ludwig-Maximilians University Munich, Goethestrasse 70, 80336 Munich, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
To analyse the marginal fit of 4-unit fixed dental prostheses (FDPs) and the accuracy of three-dimensional cast-datasets using both approaches to Computer Aided Design (CAD)/Computer Aided Manufacturing (CAM): direct and indirect digitalization. A titanium model of a 4-unit FDP was digitized by an intraoral scanning device (iTero, Align Technology, Carlstadt, ...
Lee Wan-Sun WS Department of Health Science, Graduate School, Korea University, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
This study aimed to investigate the potential clinical application of digitized silicone rubber impressions by comparing the accuracy of zirconia 3-unit fixed partial dentures (FPDs) fabricated from 2 types of data (working model and impression) obtained from a laser scanner. Ten working models and impressions were prepared with epoxy resin ...
Escolano Jose J Sophandrey Research, Brooklyn, New York - - 2014
Sound source localization using a two-microphone array is an active area of research, with considerable potential for use with video conferencing, mobile devices, and robotics. Based on the observed time-differences of arrival between sound signals, a probability distribution of the location of the sources is considered to estimate the actual ...
Dorafshar Amir H AH Assistant Professor, Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center, University of Maryland Medical Center, Baltimore, MD. Electronic address: - - 2014
Full facial osteomyocutaneous transplantation requires correct 3-dimensional (3D) alignment of donor osseous structures to a new cranial base with minimal reference points and 6 degrees of potential movement. We investigated whether computer-assisted design and manufacturing (CAD/CAM) could enable accurate placement of the facial skeleton. A prospective single-cohort study of Le ...
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