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Ciuti Gastone G The BioRobotics Institute, Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna, Pisa, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate an accelerometer-based wearable system, named Human Movement (HuMOVE) platform, designed to enable quantitative and continuous measurement of sexual performance with minimal invasiveness and inconvenience for users. Design, implementation, and development of HuMOVE, a wearable platform equipped with an accelerometer sensor for monitoring inertial parameters for sexual performance assessment ...
Blinov K A KA Molecule Apps, LLC, Wilmington, DE 19808, - - 2014
The impact of LR-HSQMBC very long-range (n)JCH heteronuclear shift correlation data as a supplement to HMBC data as input for the computer-assisted structure elucidation program, Structure Elucidator(®), is assessed for the first time. The severely proton-deficient xanthone antibiotic cervinomycin A2 and the alkaloid staurosporine were employed as a model compounds.
Suwandecha Tan T Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Prince of Songkla University , Songkhla , Thailand - - 2014
Abstract Dry powder inhalers (DPIs) are gaining popularity for the delivery of drugs. A cost effective and efficient delivery device is necessary. Developing new DPIs by modifying an existing device may be the simplest way to improve the performance of the devices. The aim of this research was to produce ...
Rosenfeld Tally T Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 32000, Israel. - - 2014
We present an experimental and analytical study of a novel paper-based analytical device (μPAD) for isotachophoretic sample focusing. Guided by a simple heat transfer model, we further developed wax printing fabrication to enable the creation of shallow channels, which are critical in providing sufficient dissipation of Joule heat, and thus ...
Blanchard Mary L ML Musculoskeletal Biology II, Institute of Ageing and Chronic Disease, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, L69 3GA, - - 2014
There are at present few comparable studies of lemur locomotion in the wild. This has unfortunately meant we have little knowledge about locomotor variation, and hence flexibility, with regard to differences in support availability and habitat structure. Here we compare the locomotion of Lepilemur edwardsi at Ankarafantsika with that of ...
Tao Dapeng - - 2014
With the rapid development of mobile devices and pervasive computing technologies, acceleration-based human activity recognition, a difficult yet essential problem in mobile apps, has received intensive attention recently. Different acceleration signals for representing different activities or even a same activity have different attributes, which causes troubles in normalizing the signals. ...
Kaciroti Niko A NA Center of Human Growth and Development, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, U.S.A.; Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, - - 2014
Pattern-mixture models (PMM) and selection models (SM) are alternative approaches for statistical analysis when faced with incomplete data and a nonignorable missing-data mechanism. Both models make empirically unverifiable assumptions and need additional constraints to identify the parameters. Here, we first introduce intuitive parameterizations to identify PMM for different types of ...
Wiens Andrew - - 2014
Ballistocardiography, the measurement of the reaction forces of the body to cardiac ejection of blood, is one of the few techniques available for unobtrusively assessing the mechanical aspects of cardiovascular health outside of clinical settings. Recently, multiple experimental studies involving healthy subjects and subjects with various cardiovascular diseases have demonstrated ...
Rivas Lourdes L ICN2 - Nanobioelectronics & Biosensors Group, Institut Catala de Nanociencia i Nanotecnologia, Campus UAB, 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain. - - 2014
Although lateral flow assays (LFAs) are currently being used in some point-of-care applications (POC), they cannot still be extended to a broader range of analytes for which higher sensitivities and lower detection limits are required. To overcome such drawbacks, we propose here a simple and facile alternative based on the ...
Floreano Dario D Laboratory of Intelligent Systems, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Station 11, Lausanne, CH 1015, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
In the attempt to build adaptive and intelligent machines, roboticists have looked at neuroscience for more than half a century as a source of inspiration for perception and control. More recently, neuroscientists have resorted to robots for testing hypotheses and validating models of biological nervous systems. Here, we give an ...
Le Lan T LT Georgetown University Center for Child and Human Development, Box 571485, Washington, DC, 20057, USA, - - 2014
Technical assistance (TA) has been a ubiquitous part of the implementation of policies, programs, and services across public and private enterprise for decades. There have been few attempts to identify critical components of TA and evaluate its effectiveness. Qualitative analysis of interviews with experienced TA providers suggested a continuum of ...
Nahavandi Sofia S Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry, & Health Sciences, The University of Melbourne, VIC 3010, - - 2014
Intercellular signalling has been identified as a highly complex process, responsible for orchestrating many physiological functions. While conventional methods of investigation have been useful, their limitations are impeding further development. Microfluidics offers an opportunity to overcome some of these limitations. Most notably, microfluidic systems can emulate the in-vivo environments. Further, ...
Rigoard P P N(3)Lab (Neuromodulation & Neural Networks), Inserm CIC 802, Poitiers University Hospital, Poitiers, France; Department of Neurosurgery, Poitiers University Hospital, 86000 Poitiers, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
In the context of failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) treatment, the current practice in neurostimulation varies from center-to-center and most clinical decisions are based on an individual diagnosis. Neurostimulation evaluation tools and pain relief assessement are of major concern, as they now constitute one of the main biases of clinical ...
Fenech C C School of Biotechnology, Dublin City University, Dublin 9, - - 2014
Numerous approaches have been suggested for differentiating point and diffuse sources of nitrate contamination, including nitrate stable isotopes, microbiological analyses, genetic markers and chemical markers. Each approach has its own strengths and limitations. As a result, the most appropriate approach to use largely depends upon the scenario and the context ...
Praz Christophe J CJ Institute of Biology, University of Neuchatel, Emile-Argand 11, 2000 Neuchatel, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
We address the phylogenetic position of the bee genera Tarsalia and Ancyla (currently forming the tribe Ancylaini) on the basis of morphological, molecular and combined data. We assembled a matrix of 309 morphological characters and 5246 aligned nucleotide position from six nuclear genes (28S, EF-1a, wingless, POL2, LW-Rhodopsin, NAK). In ...
Latif Rabia R National University of Sciences and Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan, - - 2014
Wireless Body Area Networks (WBANs) have emerged as a promising technology that has shown enormous potential in improving the quality of healthcare, and has thus found a broad range of medical applications from ubiquitous health monitoring to emergency medical response systems. The huge amount of highly sensitive data collected and ...
Cichosz Simon Lebech SL Department of Endocrinology and Internal Medicine and Medical Research Laboratory, Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark Department of Health Science and Technology, Aalborg University, Denmark - - 2014
We have previously tested, in a laboratory setting, a novel algorithm that enables prediction of hypoglycemia. The algorithm integrates information of autonomic modulation, based on heart rate variability (HRV), and data based on a continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) device. Now, we investigate whether the algorithm is suitable for prediction of ...
Palumbo P P Istituto di Analisi dei Sistemi ed Informatica A. Ruberti, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (IASI-CNR), BioMatLab - UCSC - Largo A. Gemelli 8, 00168 Roma, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Closed-loop devices delivering medical treatments in an automatic fashion clearly require a thorough preliminary phase according to which the proposed control law is tested and validated as realistically as possible, before arranging in vivo experiments in a clinical setting. The present note develops a virtual environment aiming to validate a ...
Ren Ye - - 2014
Wind energy is a clean and an abundant renewable energy source. Accurate wind speed forecasting is essential for power dispatch planning, unit commitment decision, maintenance scheduling, and regulation. However, wind is intermittent and wind speed is difficult to predict. This brief proposes a novel wind speed forecasting method by integrating ...
Abd Razak Nasrul Anuar - - 2014
Understanding of kinematics force applied at the elbow is important in many fields, including biomechanics, biomedical engineering and rehabilitation. This paper provides a comparison of a mathematical model of elbow joint using three different types of prosthetics for transhumeral user, and characterizes the forces required to overcome the passive mechanical ...
Chen Yu Y NanoLab, Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, Tufts University, Medford, MA 02155, - - 2014
Paper, a cheap and ubiquitous material, has great potential to be used as low-cost, portable and biodegradable platform for chemical and biological sensing application. In this paper, we are exploring a low-cost, flexible and reliable method to effectively pattern paper for capturing optical dyes and for flow-based delivery of target ...
Mora Johanna J Bioanalytical Sciences Biologics, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Princeton, New Jersey, - - 2014
The purpose of this manuscript is to provide a summary of the evaluation done by the Throughput and Multiplexing subteam on five emerging technologies: Single molecule array (Simoa™), Optimiser™, CyTOF® (Mass cytometry), SQIDLite™, and iLite™. Most of the information is presented with a minimum amount of published data and much ...
Mehmood A A MIPS Laboratory (EA 3223), University of Haute-Alsace, 12 rue des frères lumière F-68093 Mulhouse, France; COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Park road Islamabad, Pakistan. Electronic address: - - 2014
This paper aims with the mathematical modelling of an active inflatable device. This device is composed of a compressor, an Electro-pneumatic Pressure Converter (EPC) and an Inflatable Textile fabric Pocket (ITP). The later has interesting mechanical properties and is fabricated using Jacquard knitting technique which allows automatic production of unlimited ...
Aziz Fayeem F Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, - - 2014
This paper presents a wheelchair navigation system based on a hidden Markov model (HMM), which we developed to assist those with restricted mobility. The semi-autonomous system is equipped with obstacle/collision avoidance sensors and it takes the electrooculography (EOG) signal traces from the user as commands to maneuver the wheelchair. The ...
Zong Pu P Department of Medicine, James J. Peters VA Medical Center, Bronx, New - - 2014
Accurate normalization of cardiac chamber size in the obese population is a challenge. The aim of this study was to develop and assess the performance of allometric models for scaling left heart chamber sizes, including left atrial anteroposterior dimension (LADAP), left atrial volume (LAV), left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV), and ...
Shihadeh Alan A Department of Mechanical Engineering, American University of Beirut, Lebanon Center for the Study of Tobacco Products, Department of Psychology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia - - 2014
Electronic cigarettes (ECIGs) comprise an aerosolized nicotine delivery product category that provides consumers with probably unprecedented control over extensive features and operating conditions, allowing a wide range of nicotine yields to be obtained. Depending on the combination of such ECIG variables as electrical power input, geometry, liquid composition, and puff ...
Sannino Giovanna - - 2014
Detection and real time monitoring of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) episodes are very important tasks in healthcare. To suitably face them, this paper proposes an easy-to-use, cheap mobile-based approach relying on three steps. First, single-channel ECG data from a patient are collected by a wearable sensor and are recorded on ...
Cavero Eva - - 2014
This paper proposes an Echocardiogram Transmission Protocol (ETP) for real-time end-to-end transmission of echocardiograms over IP networks. The ETP has been designed taking into account the echocardiogram characteristics of each visualized region, encoding each region according to its data type, visualization characteristics and diagnostic importance in order to improve the ...
Isenstein Elizabeth M EM Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Massachusetts Amherst, MA 01003, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The introduction of nutrients to lakes causing eutrophic conditions is a major problem around the world. Proper monitoring and modeling are important to effectively manage eutrophication in lake waters. The goal is to develop remote sensing models for nutrients, total phosphorus and total nitrogen, in Lake Champlain. The remote sensing ...
Hiscock R R Department of Anaesthesiology, Mercy Hospital for Women, Heidelberg, - - 2014
We prospectively studied agreement in haemoglobin estimation between two point-of-care devices (Pronto-7(®) Pulse CO-Oximetry(™), Masimo Corporation, Irvine, California, USA and HemoCue(®) Hb 201 +, HemoCue, Angelholm, Sweden) and an automated laboratory analyser (Sysmex XE5000, Sysmex Corporation, Kobe, Japan). Venous blood sampling and finger co-oximeter readings were performed on 141 pregnant ...
Abramov Vladimir O VO Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninskiy Prospekt 31, Moscow 119991, Russian Federation. Electronic address: - - 2014
Oil production from wells reduces with time and the well becomes uneconomic unless enhanced oil recovery (EOR) methods are applied. There are a number of methods currently available and each has specific advantages and disadvantages depending on conditions. Currently there is a big demand for new or improved technologies in ...
Imam M H MH Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Melbourne, VIC, 3010, - - 2014
Ventricular repolarization dynamics is an important predictor of the outcome in cardiovascular diseases. Mathematical modeling of the heart rate variability (RR interval variability) and ventricular repolarization variability (QT interval variability) is one of the popular methods to understand the dynamics of ventricular repolarization. Although ECG derived respiration (EDR) was previously ...
Simmons Mark P MP Department of Biology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523-1878, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Contrived and simulated examples were used to quantify the range of conditions in which maximum likelihood and Bayesian MCMC methods are biased in favor of phylogenetic signal present in globally sampled characters over that present in conflicting locally sampled characters (those with missing data). The bias occurs in both the ...
Gerbers Roman R TU Braunschweig, - - 2014
Currently, the Lateral flow Immunoassays (LFIAs) are not able to perform complex multi-step immunodetection tests because of their inability to introduce multiple reagents in a controlled manner to the detection area autonomously. In this research, a point-of-care (POC) paper-based lateral flow immunosensor was developed incorporating a novel microfluidic valve technology. ...
Wisniewski Marcin - - 2014
This paper presents in detail a recently introduced highly efficient method for automatic detection of asthmatic wheezing in breathing sounds. The fluctuation in the Audio Spectral Envelope (ASE) from the MPEG-7 standard and the value of the Tonality Index (TI) from the MPEG-2 Audio specification are jointly used as discriminative ...
Azzazy Hassan M E HM Novel Diagnostics & Therapeutics, Yousef Jameel Science & Technology Research Centre and Department of Chemistry, School of Sciences & Engineering, The American University in Cairo, New Cairo, Egypt. Electronic address: - - 2014
The availability of portable healthcare devices, which can acquire and transmit medical data to remote experts would dramatically affect healthcare in areas with poor infrastructure. Smartphones, which feature touch screen computer capabilities and sophisticated cameras, have become widely available with over billion units shipped in 2013. In the clinical laboratory, ...
Vergara Christian C Dipartimento di Ingegneria, Università di Bergamo, Viale Marconi 5, 24044, Dalmine, BG, Italy, - - 2014
The propagation of the electrical signal in the Purkinje network is the starting point for the activation of the ventricular muscular cells leading to the contraction of the ventricle. In the computational models, describing the electrical activity of the ventricle is therefore important to account for the Purkinje fibers. Until ...
Shao Qiuji Q Department of Interventional Therapy, Henan Provincial People's Hospital Affiliated to Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, - - 2014
Mechanical thrombectomy is a promising new modality of interventional stroke treatment. Preparation of thrombus is a very important step for the evaluation of the mechanical thrombectomy devices. The objective of this study was to explore a new method of thrombus preparation with fluid model (FM) for assessment of thrombectomy devices ...
Rousset Sylvie S a INRA , Human Nutrition Unit UMR1019 , CRNH d'Auvergne, Clermont-Ferrand , - - 2014
Abstract The objective of this study was to evaluate the validity of total energy expenditure (TEE) provided by Actiheart(®) and Armband(®). Normal-weight adult volunteers wore both devices either for 17 hours in a calorimetric chamber (CC, n = 49) or for 10 days in free-living conditions (FLC) outside the laboratory ...
Lum Peter S PS Biomedical Engineering, The Catholic University of America, Pangborn Hall, room 131, 620 Michigan Ave NE, Washington, DC, 20064, USA, - - 2014
Internal models allow unimpaired individuals to appropriately scale grip force when grasping and lifting familiar objects. In prosthesis users, the internal model must adapt to the characteristics of the prosthetic devices and reduced sensory feedback. We studied the internal models of 11 amputees and eight unimpaired controls when grasping and ...
Nedelcu Robert G RG Former Resident, Associate Researcher, Department of Dental Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Huddinge, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
Intraoral scanners may use proprietary acquisition and manufacturing processes. However, limited information is available regarding their accuracy, their precision, and the influence that refraction or coating may have on their output. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the scanning accuracy and precision of 4 intraoral scanners and to assess ...
Corazza I I Experimental, Diagnostic and Specialty Medicine Department, University of Bologna, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The autonomic nervous system (ANS) regulates involuntary body functions and is commonly evaluated by measuring reflex responses of systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) to physiological and pharmacological stimuli. However, BP and HR values may not sufficient be to explain specific ANS events and other parameters ...
Mao Haojie H Department of Biomedical Engineering, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to create a computer-aided design (CAD) geometric dataset of a 10-year-old (10 YO) child. The study includes two phases of efforts. At Phase One, the 10 YO whole body CAD was developed from component computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging scans of 12 pediatric subjects. Geometrical ...
Lo Yu-Sheng YS Graduate Institute of Biomedical Informatics, College of Medical Science and Technology, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, - - 2014
In this study, we developed an integrated hospital-associated urinary tract infection (HAUTI) surveillance information system (called iHAUTISIS) based on existing electronic medical records (EMR) systems for improving the work efficiency of infection control professionals (ICPs) in a 730-bed, tertiary-care teaching hospital in Taiwan. The iHAUTISIS can automatically collect data relevant ...
Egan Vincent V Centre for Family and Forensic Psychology,Department of Psychiatry and Applied Psychology,School of Medicine,University of Nottingham,Jubilee Campus,Nottingham NG8 1BB,United - - 2014
Lankford makes many useful points regarding the myths and shibboleths underlying our understanding of self-destructive killers and suicide bombers. He has collated an impressive data set on such offenders. However, his classification scheme is not built on sufficient evidence to support his proposed discrete categories of conventional, coerced, escapist, and ...
Cruciani Gabriele - - 2014
FMO enzymes (FMOs) play a key role in the processes of detoxification and/or bio-activation of specific pharmaceuticals and xenobiotics bearing nucleophilic centers. The N-oxide and S-oxide metabolites produced by FMOs are often active metabolites. The FMOs are more active than cytochromes in the brain, and work in tandem with CYP3A4 ...
Bhattacharya-Ghosh Benjamin B University College London, Mechanical Engineering Department, Torrington Place, WC1E 7JE London, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Mathematical modelling has been used to comprehend the pathology and the assessment of different treatment techniques such as heart failure and left ventricular assist device therapy in the cardiovascular field. In this study, an in-silico model of the heart is developed to understand the effects of idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDC) ...
Zhang Mingming M Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Auckland, Auckland, New - - 2014
This article provides a comprehensive review of studies that investigated ankle assessment techniques to better understand those that can be used in the real-time monitoring of rehabilitation progress for implementation in conjunction with robot-assisted therapy. Seventy-six publications published between January 1980 and August 2013 were selected based on eight databases. ...
Hirokawa Masakazu - - 2014
Compared to conventional visual- and auditory-based assisted driving technologies, haptic modality promises to be more effective and less disturbing assistance to the driver. However, in most previous studies, haptic assistance systems were evaluated from safety and stability viewpoints. Moreover, the effect of haptic assistance on human driving behavior has not ...
Zhao Qian Q The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong; Johns Hopkins University (JHU), Baltimore, MD 21218, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
We present a general framework for analysis of wireless capsule endoscopy (CE) studies. The current available workstations provide a time-consuming and labor-intense work-flow for clinicians which requires the inspection of the full-length video. The development of a computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) CE workstation will have a great potential to reduce the ...
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