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Palamara Simone S Modellistica e Calcolo Scientifico (MOX), Dipartimento di Matematica, Politecnico di Milano, Milan, - - 2014
To properly describe the electrical activity of the left ventricle it is necessary to model the Purkinje fibers, responsible for the fast and coordinate ventricular activation, and their interaction with the muscular propagation. The aim of this work is to propose a methodology for the generation of a patient-specific Purkinje ...
Wang Pei-Ling PL National Chi Nan University, Nantou County, Taiwan - - 2014
The Taiwan Intimate Partner Violence Danger Assessment (TIPVDA) is an IPV risk assessment instrument developed to assist front-line professionals with assessing victim's likelihood of experiencing lethal danger, and is also used to identify intervention strategies. The validation of TIPVDA with an independent sample of 543 female IPV victims in a ...
Ijspeert Auke J AJ Biorobotics Laboratory, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, CH-1015 Lausanne, - - 2014
The graceful and agile movements of animals are difficult to analyze and emulate because locomotion is the result of a complex interplay of many components: the central and peripheral nervous systems, the musculoskeletal system, and the environment. The goals of biorobotics are to take inspiration from biological principles to design ...
Schonhorn Jeremy E JE Diagnostics For All, 840 Memorial Drive, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA. jschonhorn@dfa.org - - 2014
Diagnostic assays can provide valuable information about the health status of a patient, which include detection of biomarkers that indicate the presence of an infection, the progression or regression of a disease, and the efficacy of a course of treatment. Critical healthcare decisions must often be made at the point-of-care, ...
Coons Stephen Joel SJ Critical Path Institute, Tucson, AZ, USA, - - 2014
Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) are an important means of evaluating the treatment benefit of new medical products. It is recognized that PRO measures should be used when assessing concepts best known by the patient or best measured from the patient's perspective. As a result, there is growing emphasis on well defined ...
Xu Yafan - - 2014
Cost aggregation is the most important step in a local stereo algorithm. In this work, a novel local stereo-matching algorithm with a cost-aggregation method based on adaptive shape support window (ASSW) is proposed. First, we compute the initial cost volume, which uses both absolute intensity difference and gradient similarity to ...
Cancilla John C - - 2014
A wide variety of olive oil samples from different origins and olive types have been chemically analyzed, as well as evaluated by trained sensory panelists. Six chemical parameters have been obtained for each sample (free fatty acids, peroxide value, two UV absorption parameters (K232 and K268), 1,2-diacylglycerol content, and pyropheophytins), ...
Giese Heiko H Molecular Bioinformatics Group, Institute of Computer Science, Faculty of Computer Science and Mathematics, Cluster of Excellence Frankfurt "Macromolecular Complexes", Goethe-University, Robert-Mayer-Str. 11-15, 60325 Frankfurt am Main, - - 2014
We introduce nova, a software for the analysis of complexome profiling data. nova supports the investigation of the composition of complexes, cluster analysis of the experimental data, visual inspection and comparison of experiments, and many other features. Availability and implementation: nova is licensed under the Artistic License 2.0. It is ...
Bakhsh Hadeel H aDepartment of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Tor Vergata University, Rome bUnit of Occupational Rehabilitation and Ergonomics cUnit of Bioengineering, Salvatore Maugeri Foundation, Scientific Institute of Veruno, Veruno, Italy dSchool of Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medicine, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
The assessment of patient satisfaction with the orthosis is a key point for clinical practice and research, requiring the availability of questionnaires with robust psychometric properties. The aim of this study was the translation into Arabic and Rasch validation of the Quebec User Evaluation of Satisfaction with assistive Technology (A-QUEST ...
Soguero-Ruiz Cristina - - 2014
The free text in Electronic Health Records (EHRs) conveys a huge amount of clinical information about health state and patient history. Despite a rapidly growing literature on the use of machine learning techniques for extracting this information, little effort has been invested towards feature selection and the features' corresponding medical ...
Kim Sangwook S School of Electronics Engineering, Kyungpook National University, 1370 Sankyuk-Dong, Puk-Gu, Taegu 702-701, Republic of - - 2014
Deep learning methods endeavor to learn features automatically at multiple levels and allow systems to learn complex functions mapping from the input space to the output space for the given data. The ability to learn powerful features automatically is increasingly important as the volume of data and range of applications ...
Hildebrandt Christoph C a BMW Group, Knorrstr. 147 , D-80937 - - 2014
Objective: To develop and verify a driver assistance function, working on the electric power steering of passenger cars, to support the driver on handling critical understeer situations. The main objectives of the so-called understeer-assistance are reinforcing the driver's awareness of the driving conditions and giving support to handle the situation ...
Howe D S DS Advanced Platform Technology Center, Louis Stokes Cleveland Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Cleveland, OH, 44106, - - 2014
Ideally, all chronic wounds would be prevented as they can become life threatening complications. The concept that a wound produces a 'current of injury' due to the discontinuity in the electrical field of intact skin provides the basis for the concept that electrical stimulation (ES) may provide an effective treatment ...
Ciuti Gastone G The BioRobotics Institute, Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna, Pisa, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate an accelerometer-based wearable system, named Human Movement (HuMOVE) platform, designed to enable quantitative and continuous measurement of sexual performance with minimal invasiveness and inconvenience for users. Design, implementation, and development of HuMOVE, a wearable platform equipped with an accelerometer sensor for monitoring inertial parameters for sexual performance assessment ...
Cortellazzi P P Department of Neuroanesthesia and Intensive Care, Fondazione Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta IRCCS, Milan, - - 2014
Although videolaryngoscopy can provide excellent views of the laryngeal structures as both the primary method of tracheal intubation and as a rescue technique for difficult direct laryngoscopy, the existing literature is inadequate to define expertise or even competence. We observed the performance of nine trainees during 890 intubations, with an ...
Ait-Saidi A A Group of Research in Ruminants (G2R), Department of Animal and Food Sciences, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, - - 2014
Costs and secondary benefits of implementing electronic identification (e-ID) for performance recording (i.e., lambing, body weight, inventory, and milk yield) in dairy and meat ewes were assessed by using the results from a previous study in which manual (M), semiautomatic (SA), and automatic (AU) data collection systems were compared. Ewes ...
Blinov K A KA Molecule Apps, LLC, Wilmington, DE 19808, - - 2014
The impact of LR-HSQMBC very long-range (n)JCH heteronuclear shift correlation data as a supplement to HMBC data as input for the computer-assisted structure elucidation program, Structure Elucidator(®), is assessed for the first time. The severely proton-deficient xanthone antibiotic cervinomycin A2 and the alkaloid staurosporine were employed as a model compounds.
Suwandecha Tan T Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Prince of Songkla University , Songkhla , Thailand - - 2014
Abstract Dry powder inhalers (DPIs) are gaining popularity for the delivery of drugs. A cost effective and efficient delivery device is necessary. Developing new DPIs by modifying an existing device may be the simplest way to improve the performance of the devices. The aim of this research was to produce ...
Bonnechère Bruno B Laboratory of Anatomy, Biomechanics and Organogenesis (LABO), Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
Gait analysis is used in daily clinics for patients' evaluation and follow-up. Stereophotogrammetric devices are the most used tool to perform these analyses. Although these devices are accurate results must be analyzed carefully due to relatively poor reproducibility. One of the major issues is related to skin displacement artifacts. Motion ...
Rosenfeld Tally T Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 32000, Israel. - - 2014
We present an experimental and analytical study of a novel paper-based analytical device (μPAD) for isotachophoretic sample focusing. Guided by a simple heat transfer model, we further developed wax printing fabrication to enable the creation of shallow channels, which are critical in providing sufficient dissipation of Joule heat, and thus ...
Blanchard Mary L ML Musculoskeletal Biology II, Institute of Ageing and Chronic Disease, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, L69 3GA, - - 2014
There are at present few comparable studies of lemur locomotion in the wild. This has unfortunately meant we have little knowledge about locomotor variation, and hence flexibility, with regard to differences in support availability and habitat structure. Here we compare the locomotion of Lepilemur edwardsi at Ankarafantsika with that of ...
Tao Dapeng - - 2014
With the rapid development of mobile devices and pervasive computing technologies, acceleration-based human activity recognition, a difficult yet essential problem in mobile apps, has received intensive attention recently. Different acceleration signals for representing different activities or even a same activity have different attributes, which causes troubles in normalizing the signals. ...
Rebentrost Patrick P Research Laboratory of Electronics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, - - 2014
Supervised machine learning is the classification of new data based on already classified training examples. In this work, we show that the support vector machine, an optimized binary classifier, can be implemented on a quantum computer, with complexity logarithmic in the size of the vectors and the number of training ...
Kaciroti Niko A NA Center of Human Growth and Development, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, U.S.A.; Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, - - 2014
Pattern-mixture models (PMM) and selection models (SM) are alternative approaches for statistical analysis when faced with incomplete data and a nonignorable missing-data mechanism. Both models make empirically unverifiable assumptions and need additional constraints to identify the parameters. Here, we first introduce intuitive parameterizations to identify PMM for different types of ...
Wiens Andrew - - 2014
Ballistocardiography, the measurement of the reaction forces of the body to cardiac ejection of blood, is one of the few techniques available for unobtrusively assessing the mechanical aspects of cardiovascular health outside of clinical settings. Recently, multiple experimental studies involving healthy subjects and subjects with various cardiovascular diseases have demonstrated ...
Rivas Lourdes L ICN2 - Nanobioelectronics & Biosensors Group, Institut Catala de Nanociencia i Nanotecnologia, Campus UAB, 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain. - - 2014
Although lateral flow assays (LFAs) are currently being used in some point-of-care applications (POC), they cannot still be extended to a broader range of analytes for which higher sensitivities and lower detection limits are required. To overcome such drawbacks, we propose here a simple and facile alternative based on the ...
Floreano Dario D Laboratory of Intelligent Systems, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Station 11, Lausanne, CH 1015, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
In the attempt to build adaptive and intelligent machines, roboticists have looked at neuroscience for more than half a century as a source of inspiration for perception and control. More recently, neuroscientists have resorted to robots for testing hypotheses and validating models of biological nervous systems. Here, we give an ...
Le Lan T LT Georgetown University Center for Child and Human Development, Box 571485, Washington, DC, 20057, USA, - - 2014
Technical assistance (TA) has been a ubiquitous part of the implementation of policies, programs, and services across public and private enterprise for decades. There have been few attempts to identify critical components of TA and evaluate its effectiveness. Qualitative analysis of interviews with experienced TA providers suggested a continuum of ...
Nahavandi Sofia S Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry, & Health Sciences, The University of Melbourne, VIC 3010, - - 2014
Intercellular signalling has been identified as a highly complex process, responsible for orchestrating many physiological functions. While conventional methods of investigation have been useful, their limitations are impeding further development. Microfluidics offers an opportunity to overcome some of these limitations. Most notably, microfluidic systems can emulate the in-vivo environments. Further, ...
Rigoard P P N(3)Lab (Neuromodulation & Neural Networks), Inserm CIC 802, Poitiers University Hospital, Poitiers, France; Department of Neurosurgery, Poitiers University Hospital, 86000 Poitiers, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
In the context of failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) treatment, the current practice in neurostimulation varies from center-to-center and most clinical decisions are based on an individual diagnosis. Neurostimulation evaluation tools and pain relief assessement are of major concern, as they now constitute one of the main biases of clinical ...
Fenech C C School of Biotechnology, Dublin City University, Dublin 9, - - 2014
Numerous approaches have been suggested for differentiating point and diffuse sources of nitrate contamination, including nitrate stable isotopes, microbiological analyses, genetic markers and chemical markers. Each approach has its own strengths and limitations. As a result, the most appropriate approach to use largely depends upon the scenario and the context ...
Praz Christophe J CJ Institute of Biology, University of Neuchatel, Emile-Argand 11, 2000 Neuchatel, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
We address the phylogenetic position of the bee genera Tarsalia and Ancyla (currently forming the tribe Ancylaini) on the basis of morphological, molecular and combined data. We assembled a matrix of 309 morphological characters and 5246 aligned nucleotide position from six nuclear genes (28S, EF-1a, wingless, POL2, LW-Rhodopsin, NAK). In ...
Latif Rabia R National University of Sciences and Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan, - - 2014
Wireless Body Area Networks (WBANs) have emerged as a promising technology that has shown enormous potential in improving the quality of healthcare, and has thus found a broad range of medical applications from ubiquitous health monitoring to emergency medical response systems. The huge amount of highly sensitive data collected and ...
Cichosz Simon Lebech SL Department of Endocrinology and Internal Medicine and Medical Research Laboratory, Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark Department of Health Science and Technology, Aalborg University, Denmark - - 2014
We have previously tested, in a laboratory setting, a novel algorithm that enables prediction of hypoglycemia. The algorithm integrates information of autonomic modulation, based on heart rate variability (HRV), and data based on a continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) device. Now, we investigate whether the algorithm is suitable for prediction of ...
Palumbo P P Istituto di Analisi dei Sistemi ed Informatica A. Ruberti, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (IASI-CNR), BioMatLab - UCSC - Largo A. Gemelli 8, 00168 Roma, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Closed-loop devices delivering medical treatments in an automatic fashion clearly require a thorough preliminary phase according to which the proposed control law is tested and validated as realistically as possible, before arranging in vivo experiments in a clinical setting. The present note develops a virtual environment aiming to validate a ...
Ren Ye - - 2014
Wind energy is a clean and an abundant renewable energy source. Accurate wind speed forecasting is essential for power dispatch planning, unit commitment decision, maintenance scheduling, and regulation. However, wind is intermittent and wind speed is difficult to predict. This brief proposes a novel wind speed forecasting method by integrating ...
Abd Razak Nasrul Anuar - - 2014
Understanding of kinematics force applied at the elbow is important in many fields, including biomechanics, biomedical engineering and rehabilitation. This paper provides a comparison of a mathematical model of elbow joint using three different types of prosthetics for transhumeral user, and characterizes the forces required to overcome the passive mechanical ...
Chen Yu Y NanoLab, Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, Tufts University, Medford, MA 02155, - - 2014
Paper, a cheap and ubiquitous material, has great potential to be used as low-cost, portable and biodegradable platform for chemical and biological sensing application. In this paper, we are exploring a low-cost, flexible and reliable method to effectively pattern paper for capturing optical dyes and for flow-based delivery of target ...
Mora Johanna J Bioanalytical Sciences Biologics, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Princeton, New Jersey, - - 2014
The purpose of this manuscript is to provide a summary of the evaluation done by the Throughput and Multiplexing subteam on five emerging technologies: Single molecule array (Simoa™), Optimiser™, CyTOF® (Mass cytometry), SQIDLite™, and iLite™. Most of the information is presented with a minimum amount of published data and much ...
Trussell James J Office of Population Research, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540, - - 2014
This analysis aimed to estimate the average annual cost of available reversible contraceptive methods in the United States. In line with literature suggesting long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) methods become increasingly cost-saving with extended duration of use, it aimed to also quantify minimum duration of use required for LARC methods to ...
Mehmood A A MIPS Laboratory (EA 3223), University of Haute-Alsace, 12 rue des frères lumière F-68093 Mulhouse, France; COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Park road Islamabad, Pakistan. Electronic address: - - 2014
This paper aims with the mathematical modelling of an active inflatable device. This device is composed of a compressor, an Electro-pneumatic Pressure Converter (EPC) and an Inflatable Textile fabric Pocket (ITP). The later has interesting mechanical properties and is fabricated using Jacquard knitting technique which allows automatic production of unlimited ...
Aziz Fayeem F Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, - - 2014
This paper presents a wheelchair navigation system based on a hidden Markov model (HMM), which we developed to assist those with restricted mobility. The semi-autonomous system is equipped with obstacle/collision avoidance sensors and it takes the electrooculography (EOG) signal traces from the user as commands to maneuver the wheelchair. The ...
Zong Pu P Department of Medicine, James J. Peters VA Medical Center, Bronx, New - - 2014
Accurate normalization of cardiac chamber size in the obese population is a challenge. The aim of this study was to develop and assess the performance of allometric models for scaling left heart chamber sizes, including left atrial anteroposterior dimension (LADAP), left atrial volume (LAV), left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV), and ...
Shihadeh Alan A Department of Mechanical Engineering, American University of Beirut, Lebanon Center for the Study of Tobacco Products, Department of Psychology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia - - 2014
Electronic cigarettes (ECIGs) comprise an aerosolized nicotine delivery product category that provides consumers with probably unprecedented control over extensive features and operating conditions, allowing a wide range of nicotine yields to be obtained. Depending on the combination of such ECIG variables as electrical power input, geometry, liquid composition, and puff ...
Sannino Giovanna - - 2014
Detection and real time monitoring of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) episodes are very important tasks in healthcare. To suitably face them, this paper proposes an easy-to-use, cheap mobile-based approach relying on three steps. First, single-channel ECG data from a patient are collected by a wearable sensor and are recorded on ...
Cavero Eva - - 2014
This paper proposes an Echocardiogram Transmission Protocol (ETP) for real-time end-to-end transmission of echocardiograms over IP networks. The ETP has been designed taking into account the echocardiogram characteristics of each visualized region, encoding each region according to its data type, visualization characteristics and diagnostic importance in order to improve the ...
Isenstein Elizabeth M EM Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Massachusetts Amherst, MA 01003, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The introduction of nutrients to lakes causing eutrophic conditions is a major problem around the world. Proper monitoring and modeling are important to effectively manage eutrophication in lake waters. The goal is to develop remote sensing models for nutrients, total phosphorus and total nitrogen, in Lake Champlain. The remote sensing ...
Hiscock R R Department of Anaesthesiology, Mercy Hospital for Women, Heidelberg, - - 2014
We prospectively studied agreement in haemoglobin estimation between two point-of-care devices (Pronto-7(®) Pulse CO-Oximetry(™), Masimo Corporation, Irvine, California, USA and HemoCue(®) Hb 201 +, HemoCue, Angelholm, Sweden) and an automated laboratory analyser (Sysmex XE5000, Sysmex Corporation, Kobe, Japan). Venous blood sampling and finger co-oximeter readings were performed on 141 pregnant ...
Abramov Vladimir O VO Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninskiy Prospekt 31, Moscow 119991, Russian Federation. Electronic address: - - 2014
Oil production from wells reduces with time and the well becomes uneconomic unless enhanced oil recovery (EOR) methods are applied. There are a number of methods currently available and each has specific advantages and disadvantages depending on conditions. Currently there is a big demand for new or improved technologies in ...
Imam M H MH Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Melbourne, VIC, 3010, - - 2014
Ventricular repolarization dynamics is an important predictor of the outcome in cardiovascular diseases. Mathematical modeling of the heart rate variability (RR interval variability) and ventricular repolarization variability (QT interval variability) is one of the popular methods to understand the dynamics of ventricular repolarization. Although ECG derived respiration (EDR) was previously ...
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