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- - 2014
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1016/j.curtheres.2014.02.001.].
Li Liqi - - 2014
Identification of the recombination hot/cold spots is critical for understanding the mechanism of recombination as well as the genome evolution process. However, experimental identification of recombination spots is both time-consuming and costly. Developing an accurate and automated method for reliably and quickly identifying recombination spots is thus urgently needed. Here ...
Poret Arnaud A Novadiscovery, 60, avenue Rockefeller, 69008 Lyon, France; UMR CNRS 5558, 43, boulevard du 11-Novembre-1918, 69622 Villeurbanne cedex, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Target identification aims at identifying biomolecules whose function should be therapeutically altered to cure the considered pathology. An algorithm for in silico target identification using Boolean network attractors is proposed. It assumes that attractors correspond to phenotypes produced by the modeled biological network. It identifies target combinations which allow disturbed ...
- - 2014
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1003860.].
- - 2014
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1003861.].
Akabua Elom E Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40292, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
The universal sequel to chronic kidney condition (CKD) is anemia. Patients of anemia have kidneys that are incapable of performing certain basic functions such as sensing of oxygen levels to secrete erythropoietin when red blood cell counts are low. Under such conditions, external administration of human recombinant erythropoietin (EPO) is ...
- - 2014
[This corrects the article on p. 509 in vol. 8, PMID: 20019937.].
Nowak Stefan S Institut für Theoretische Physik, Universität zu Köln, Cologne, - - 2014
Identifying and quantifying the benefits of sex and recombination is a long-standing problem in evolutionary theory. In particular, contradictory claims have been made about the existence of a benefit of recombination on high dimensional fitness landscapes in the presence of sign epistasis. Here we present a comparative numerical study of ...
- - 2014
[This corrects the article on p. 114-121 in vol. 53.].
- - 2014
[This corrects the article on p. 618 in vol. 92.].
- - 2014
[This corrects the article on p. 315 in vol. 19, PMID: 24949073.].
Sargolzaie Narjes N Department of Community Medicine, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences , Zahedan , Iran - - 2014
Abstract The most common differential diagnosis of β-thalassemia (β-thal) trait is iron deficiency anemia. Several red blood cell equations were introduced during different studies for differential diagnosis between β-thal trait and iron deficiency anemia. Due to genetic variations in different regions, these equations cannot be useful in all population. The ...
Schiviz Alexandra A Baxter Innovations GmbH, 1221, Vienna, - - 2014
The murine tail-tip bleeding model is widely used to measure bleeding time, blood loss, and survival after treatment [1-4]. Due to the considerable variation in data from these studies and thus the need for large sample sizes per group, and the incomparability of results from different laboratories, research groups have ...
Ghassemi Mohammad M MM Laboratory for Computational Physiology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, E25-505, 77 Massachusetts Ave, Cambridge, 02139, MA, USA, - - 2014
To demonstrate a novel method that utilizes retrospective data to develop statistically optimal dosing strategies for medications with sensitive therapeutic windows. We illustrate our approach on intravenous unfractionated heparin, a medication which typically considers only patient weight and is frequently misdosed. We identified available clinical features which impact patient response ...
- - 2014
[This corrects the article on p. e35 in vol. 19.].
Gómez-Outes Antonio A Division of Pharmacology and Clinical Evaluation, Department of Medicines for Human Use, Spanish Agency for Medicines and Medical Devices (AEMPS), Parque Empresarial "Las Mercedes", Edificio 8, C/Campezo 1, 28022, Madrid, Spain, - - 2014
Patients undergoing total hip replacement (THR) or total knee replacement (TKR) surgery are at high risk of developing venous thromboembolism (VTE). Thromboprophylaxis with low-molecular-weight heparin, such as enoxaparin, is standard of care in these patients. Recently, three direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs; dabigatran, rivaroxaban and apixaban), have been approved for this ...
Williams C D CD Oregon State University/Oregon Health and Science University College of Pharmacy, Portland, Oregon, - - 2014
New data solidify a "smoker's paradox" for clopidogrel, with current smokers appearing to respond better than nonsmokers. However, the clinical implications of this finding are unclear. This Commentary discusses the new data and puts it into clinical context.
Paz-Soldan Valerie A VA Global Health Systems and Development Department, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of - - 2014
Quantifying human mobility has significant consequences for studying physical activity, exposure to pathogens, and generating more realistic infectious disease models. Location-aware technologies such as Global Positioning System (GPS)-enabled devices are used increasingly as a gold standard for mobility research. The main goal of this observational study was to compare and ...
Chalret du Rieu Quentin Q Clinical Pharmacokinetics Department, Institut de Recherches Internationales Servier, Suresnes, - - 2014
Background In the clinical development of oncology drugs, the recommended dose is usually determined using a 3 + 3 dose-escalation study design. However, this phase I design does not always adequately describe dose-toxicity relationships. Methods 125 patients, with either solid tumours or lymphoma, were included in the study and 1217 platelet counts ...
Zhao Qi Q State Key Laboratory of Biocontrol, School of Life Sciences, School of Advanced Computing, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, - - 2014
Small ubiquitin-like modifiers (SUMOs) regulate a variety of cellular processes through two distinct mechanisms, including covalent sumoylation and non-covalent SUMO interaction. The complexity of SUMO regulations has greatly hampered the large-scale identification of SUMO substrates or interaction partners on a proteome-wide level. In this work, we developed a new tool ...
Pawęska Justyna - - 2014
Ticagrelor is the first reversibly binding oral P2Y12 receptor antagonist, made up for reduction of clinical thrombotic events in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Compared to clopidogrel ticagrelor was proved to significantly reduce the rate of death from vascular causes, myocardial infarction, or stroke without an increase in the ...
Hashidzume Akihito A Department of Macromolecular Science, Graduate School of Science, Osaka University, 1-1 Machikaneyama-cho, Toyonaka, Osaka, 560-0043, - - 2014
This chapter overviews molecular machines based on cyclodextrins (CDs). The categories of CD-based molecular machines, external stimuli for CD-based molecular machines, and typical examples of CD-based molecular machines are briefly described.
de Julian-Ortiz J Vicente - - 2014
Discerning between the concepts of difficulty and usefulness of a molecular ranking classification is of capital importance in virtual design chemistry. Here, both concepts are viewed from the statistical and practical point of view according to the standard definitions of enrichment and statistical significance p-values. These parameters are useful not ...
Geppert Tim - - 2014
Within this work a methodological extension of the matched molecular pair analysis is presented. The method is based on a pharmacophore retyping of the molecular graph and a consecutive matched molecular pair analysis. The features of the new methodology are exemplified using a large dataset on CYP inhibition. We show ...
Wittmann Marion E ME Department of Biological Sciences, University of Notre Dame , Notre Dame, Indiana 46556, United - - 2014
Recently, authors have theorized that invasive species prevention is more cost-effective than control in protecting ecosystem services. However, quantification of the effectiveness of prevention is rare because experiments at field scales are expensive or infeasible. We therefore used structured expert judgment to quantify the efficacy of 17 proposed strategies to ...
Md Saad R R Institute of Engineering Mathematics, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Pauh Putra Main Campus, 02600 Arau, Perlis, - - 2014
Multicriteria decision making (MCDM) is one of the methods that popularly has been used in solving personnel selection problem. Alternatives, criteria, and weights are some of the fundamental aspects in MCDM that need to be defined clearly in order to achieve a good result. Apart from these aspects, fuzzy data ...
Kim Chongwon C School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering and the Institute of Advanced Aerospace Technology, Seoul National University, Daehak-dong, Kwanak-gu, Seoul 151-744, Korea. - - 2014
The ephemeris data format of legacy GPS receivers is improper for positioning stationary pseudolites on the ground. Therefore, to utilize pseudolites for navigation, GPS receivers must be modified so that they can handle the modified data formats of the pseudolites. Because of this problem, the practical use of pseudolites has ...
Berenger Francois F Zhang Initiative Research Unit, Institute Laboratories, RIKEN, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, - - 2014
Measures of similarity for chemical molecules have been developed since the dawn of chemoinformatics. Molecular similarity has been measured by a variety of methods including molecular descriptor based similarity, common molecular fragments, graph matching and 3D methods such as shape matching. Similarity measures are widespread in practice and have proven ...
Hentabli Hamza H Faculty of Computing, University Technology of Malaysia, 81310 Skudai, Johor, - - 2014
Molecular similarity is a pervasive concept in drug design. The basic idea underlying molecular similarity is the similar property principle, which states that structurally similar molecules will exhibit similar physicochemical and biological properties. In this paper, a new graph-based molecular descriptor (GBMD) is introduced. The GBMD is a new method ...
Moreno Allison R AR Division of Science and Environmental Policy, California State University, Monterey Bay, Seaside, California, United States of - - 2014
Although iron is the fourth most abundant element in the Earth's crust, bioavailable iron limits marine primary production in about one third of the ocean. This lack of iron availability has implications in climate change because the removal of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere by phytoplankton requires iron. Using literature ...
- - 2014
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0103002.].
- - 2014
[This corrects the article on p. 959 in vol. 37, PMID: 24790275.].
- - 2014
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1136/openhrt-2014-000134.].
- - 2014
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0100588.].
- - 2014
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1136/lupus-2014-000048.].
- - 2014
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0111018.].
- - 2014
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0106747.].
- - 2014
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0087555.].
- - 2014
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0107085.].
Hinsen Konrad - - 2013
The MOlecular SimulAtion Interchange Conventions (MOSAIC) consist of a data model for molecular simulations and of concrete implementations of this data model in the form of file formats. MOSAIC is designed as a modular set of specifications, of which the initial version covers molecular structure and configurations. A reference implementation ...
Tan Wen - - 2013
P-glycoprotein (P-gp) is an ATP-binding cassette multidrug transporter. The over expression of P-gp leads to the development of multidrug resistance (MDR), which is a major obstacle to effective treatment of cancer. Thus, designing effective P-gp inhibitors has an extremely important role in the overcoming MDR. In this paper, both ligand-based ...
Zhao Yuansheng - - 2013
In vitro inhibitory potency (Ki )-based predictions of P-glycoprotein (P-gp)-mediated drug-drug interactions (DDIs) are hampered by the substantial variability in inhibitory potency. In this study, in vivo-based [I]/Ki was utilized to predict the DDI risks of a P-gp substrate dabigatran etexilate (DABE) using physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modeling. Digoxin (P-gp ...
Brummel-Ziedins Kathleen E - - 2013
Thrombin has multiple functions in blood coagulation and its regulation is central to maintaining the balance between hemorrhage and thrombosis. Empirical and computational methods that capture thrombin generation can provide advancements to current clinical screening of the hemostatic balance at the level of the individual. In any individual, procoagulant and ...
Shen Jibin - - 2013
Flavonoids, the most diverse class of plant secondary metabolites, exhibit high affinity toward the purified cytosolic NBD2(C-terminal nucleotide-binding domain) of P-glycoprotein (P-gp). To explore the affinity of flavonoids for P-gp, quantitative structure-activity relationships (QSARs) models were developed using back-propagation artificial neural networks (BPANN) and multiple linear regression (MLR). Molecular descriptors ...
Toropova Alla P AP IRCCS, Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri, 20156, Via La Masa 19, Milano, - - 2013
Methodology of building up and validation of models for carcinogenic potentials of drugs by means of the CORAL software is described. The QSAR analysis by the CORAL software includes three phases: (i) definition of preferable parameters for the optimization procedure that gives maximal correlation coefficient between endpoint and an optimal ...
Cresswell Lynne - - 2013
Objective: In randomised controlled trials of weight loss interventions, high dropout rates are a problem resulting in a large amount of missing outcome data. It is common for participants with missing data to be excluded from analysis (complete-case analysis). We aim to demonstrate how published complete-case results can be used ...
Legg David A - - 2013
The relationships of major arthropod clades have long been contentious, but refinements in molecular phylogenetics underpin an emerging consensus. Nevertheless, molecular phylogenies have recovered topologies that morphological phylogenies have not, including the placement of hexapods within a paraphyletic Crustacea, and an alliance between myriapods and chelicerates. Here we show enhanced ...
Gilboa Elad - - 2013
Exact Gaussian process (GP) regression has O(N^3) runtime for data size N, making it intractable for large N. Many algorithms for improving GP scaling approximate the covariance with lower rank matrices. Other work has exploited structure inherent in particular covariance functions, including GPs with implied Markov structure, and inputs on ...
Klepsch Freya - - 2013
The ABC transporter P-glycoprotein (P-gp) actively transports a wide range of drugs and toxins out of cells, and is therefore related to multidrug resistance and the ADME profile of therapeutics. Thus, development of predictive in silico models for the identification of P-gp inhibitors is of great interest in the field ...
Li Xingxing - - 2013
In recent times increasing numbers of high-rate GPS stations have been installed around the world and set-up to provide data in real-time. These networks provide a great opportunity to quickly capture surface displacements, which makes them important as potential constituents of earthquake/tsunami monitoring and warning systems. The appropriate GPS real-time ...
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