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Amelynck Denis - - 2014
Embodied music cognition stresses the role of the human body as mediator for the encoding and decoding of musical expression. In this paper, we set up a low dimensional functional model that accounts for 70% of the variability in the expressive body movement responses to music. With the functional principal ...
Zawaski Janice A JA a  Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, - - 2014
In the event of a nuclear detonation, a considerable number of projected casualties will suffer from combined radiation exposure and burn and/or wound injury. Countermeasure assessment in the setting of radiation exposure combined with dermal injury is hampered by a lack of animal models in which the effects of interventions ...
Wakabayashi Genichiro G Atomic Energy Research Institute, Kinki University, 3-4-1 Kowakae, Higashiosaka-shi, Osaka, 577-8502, Japan, - - 2014
The applicability of the activation of an NaI scintillator for neutron monitoring at a clinical linac was investigated experimentally. Thermal neutron fluence rates are derived by measurement of the I-128 activity generated in an NaI scintillator irradiated by neutrons; β-rays from I-128 are detected efficiently by the NaI scintillator. In ...
Maciejczyk Maciej M Baker Laboratory of Chemistry, Cornell University , Ithaca, New York 14850, United States ; Department of Physics and Biophysics, Faculty of Food Sciences, University of Warmia and Mazury , 11-041 Olsztyn, - - 2014
A middle-resolution coarse-grained model of DNA is proposed. The DNA chain is built of spherical and planar rigid bodies connected by elastic virtual bonds. The bonded part of the potential energy function is fit to potentials of mean force of model systems. The rigid bodies are sets of neutral, charged, ...
Li Shifeng - - 2014
Human body segmentation is a challenging and important problem in computer vision. Existing methods usually entail a time-consuming training phase for prior knowledge learning with complex shape matching for body segmentation. In this paper, we propose a data-driven method that integrates top-down body pose information and bottom-up low-level visual cues ...
Breslin T J TJ Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824-1323, - - 2014
Sublethal heating can increase subsequent thermal resistance of bacteria, which may compromise the validity of thermal process validations for slow-roasted meats. Therefore, this research evaluated the accuracy of a traditional log-linear inactivation model, developed via prior laboratory-scale isothermal tests, and a novel path-dependent model accounting for sublethal injury, applied to ...
Ziegner Markus M AIT Austrian Institute of Technology GmbH, Vienna A-1220, Austria and Institute of Atomic and Subatomic Physics, Vienna University of Technology, Vienna A-1020, - - 2014
In order to build up a reliable dose monitoring system for boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) applications at the TRIGA reactor in Mainz, a computer model for the entire reactor was established, simulating the radiation field by means of the Monte Carlo method. The impact of different source definition techniques ...
Singh Ishbir I a Department of Mechanical Engineering , School of Engineering and Emerging Technologies (SEET), Baddi University of Emerging Sciences and Technology (BUEST) , Baddi , - - 2014
Need and importance of modelling in human body vibration research studies are well established. The study of biodynamic responses of human beings can be classified into experimental and analytical methods. In the past few decades, plenty of mathematical models have been developed based on the diverse field measurements to describe ...
Elbogen Eric B EB Department of Psychiatry, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill School of Medicine (Drs Elbogen, Cueva, and Johnson and Messrs Wolfe and Sullivan); and Mid-Atlantic Mental Illness Research, Education, and Clinical Center (MIRECC), Durham VA Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina (Dr - - 2014
To examine how pre-traumatic brain injury (TBI) variables and TBI-related characteristics predict post-TBI criminal arrest, using longitudinal data from the Traumatic Brain Injury Model System National Database. Medical hospitals; rehabilitation facilities. Participants with documented TBI and nonmissing Traumatic Brain Injury Model System data, resulting in N = 6315 at 1 ...
Painting C J CJ School of Biological Sciences, University of Auckland, Auckland, New - - 2014
Animal body size commonly shows a relationship with latitude to the degree that this phenomenon is one of the few 'rules' discussed in evolutionary ecology: Bergmann's rule. Although exaggerated secondary sexual traits frequently exhibit interesting relationships with body size (allometries) and are expected to evolve rapidly in response to environmental ...
Muñoz Martha M MM Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts - - 2014
Abstract Bergmann's rule-the tendency for body size to increase in colder environments-remains controversial today, despite 150 years of research. Considerable debate has revolved around whether the rule applies within or among species. However, this debate has generally not considered that clade-level relationships are caused by both intra- and interspecific effects. ...
Jeanmougin M M Department of Dermatology, Hôpital Saint-Louis, Paris, - - 2014
UV radiation protection is an important health issue. Sophisticated sunscreen formulations have been developed to improve compliance. However, sunscreen is still inadequately applied, leaving large body areas without effective protection. To validate a newly developed sunscreen application technique for adults and children. 58 volunteers were recruited to participate in a ...
Martinelli Mary K MK Towson University, Towson, MD, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Currently, research on interpretation bias and body dissatisfaction is limited. The few experimental paradigms that have been used to explore this phenomenon utilized a method that may not accurately capture the nature of interpretation bias as explained by cognitive theory. The present study investigated the reliability and validity of a ...
Vaughan Neil N Faculty of Science and Technology, Bournemouth University, Talbot Campus, Fern Barrow, Poole BH12 5BB, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
This work is to build upon the concept of matching a person's weight, height and age to their overall body shape to create an adjustable three-dimensional model. A versatile and accurate predictor of body size and shape and ligament thickness is required to improve simulation for medical procedures. A model ...
Terranova N N Dipartimento di Ingegneria Industriale e dell'Informazione, Università degli Studi di Pavia, Via Ferrata 5, I-27100 Pavia, - - 2014
Following ionizing radiation, mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs) undergo both apoptosis and block at G2/M phase of the cell cycle. The dynamics of cell growth and the transition through the apoptotic phases cannot be directly inferred from experimental data, limiting the understanding of the biological response to the treatment. Here, ...
Deshpande Sagar S SS Craniofacial Research Laboratory, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, MI, United - - 2014
Head and neck cancer is a debilitating and disfiguring disease. Although numerous treatment options exist, an array of debilitating side effects accompany them, causing physiological and social problems. Distraction osteogenesis (DO) can avoid many of the pathologies of current reconstructive strategies; however, due to the deleterious effects of radiation on ...
Chuvilskaya T V TV Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow 119991, Russia - - 2014
The problem of interpretation, estimation and prediction of impacts of nature or artificial irradiation on various materials by modern nuclear reaction codes is discussed. Advanced data-containing codes EMPIRE and TALYS are considered. The yields of radioactive isotopes in high-energy p+(183)W collision are calculated to illustrate the potentialities of the codes ...
Yin Xinyou X Centre for Crop Systems Analysis, Wageningen University, P.O. Box 430, 6700 AK, Wageningen, The Netherlands, - - 2014
Maximum quantum yield for leaf CO2 assimilation under limiting light conditions (Φ CO2LL) is commonly estimated as the slope of the linear regression of net photosynthetic rate against absorbed irradiance over a range of low-irradiance conditions. Methodological errors associated with this estimation have often been attributed either to light absorptance ...
Vitucci Enrico M - - 2014
A ray tracing algorithm has been developed to model solar radiation interaction with complex urban environments and, in particular, its effects, including the total irradiance on each surface and overall dissipated power contribution. The proposed model accounts for multiple reflection and diffuse scattering interactions and is based on a rigorous ...
Bhatia C C Department of Medical Physics and Applied Radiation Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON L8S 4K1, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Manganese (Mn) is an essential element for humans, animals, and plants and is required for growth, development, and maintenance of health. Studies show that Mn metabolism is similar to that of iron, therefore, increased Mn levels in humans could interfere with the absorption of dietary iron leading to anemia. Also, ...
Fan Lingling - - 2014
A new method is presented based on a radial basis function neural network (RBF-NN) to analyze data obtained by ultraviolet (UV) irradiance instruments. Application of the RBF-NN method to about three years of data obtained by a NILU-UV device, which is a multi-channel, moderate bandwidth filter instrument, revealed that compared ...
Jetté Marie E ME Department of Surgery, Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, USA; Division of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Department of Surgery, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 5107 WIMR, 1111 Highland Avenue, Madison, WI, - - 2014
Objective: While probable causative agents have been identified (e.g., refluxate components, tobacco smoke), the definitive mechanism for inflammation-related laryngeal mucosal damage remains elusive. Multichannel intraluminal impedance combined with pH monitoring (MII/pH) has emerged as a sensitive tool for diagnosis and characterization of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) with laryngopharyngeal manifestations. To ...
Scott B R BR Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute, Albuquerque, - - 2014
Whole-body exposure to large radiation doses can cause severe loss of hematopoietic tissue cells and threaten life if the lost cells are not replaced in a timely manner through natural repopulation (a homeostatic mechanism). Repopulation to the baseline level N 0 is called reconstitution and a reconstitution deficit (repopulation shortfall) ...
Ballen Gustavo A GA Center for Tropical Paleoecology and Archaeology, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Ancón, Panamá. Grupo Cladística Profunda y Biogeografía Histórica, Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Apartado Aéreo 7495; Email: - - 2014
A new species of Farlowella is described from El Carmen de Chucurí in the Departamento de Santander, western flank of the Cordillera Oriental, río Magdalena Basin, Colombia. Farlowella yarigui n. sp. differs from its congeners in lateral body plate morphology, abdominal cover, cephalic hypertrophied odontodes, and details of coloration. This ...
Tucker Marlee A MA Evolution and Ecology Research Centre, School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, - - 2014
Predator-prey body mass relationships are a vital part of food webs across ecosystems and provide key information for predicting the susceptibility of carnivore populations to extinction. Despite this, there has been limited research on the minimum and maximum prey size of mammalian carnivores. Without information on large-scale patterns of prey ...
Bolduc David L DL Scientific Research Department, Armed Forces Radiobiology Research Institute, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, 8901 Wisconsin Avenue, Bethesda, MD 20889-5603, - - 2014
Multivariate radiation injury estimation algorithms were formulated for estimating severe hematopoietic acute radiation syndrome (H-ARS) injury (i.e., response category three or RC3) in a rhesus monkey total-body irradiation (TBI) model. Classical CBC and serum chemistry blood parameters were examined prior to irradiation (d 0) and on d 7, 10, 14, ...
Veladi H H Department of Civil Engineering, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran ; The Research Center of Optimization and Engineering, Tabriz, - - 2014
A pushover analysis method based on semirigid connection concept is developed and the colliding bodies optimization algorithm is employed to find optimum seismic design of frame structures. Two numerical examples from the literature are studied. The results of the new algorithm are compared to the conventional design methods to show ...
Nervo Beatrice B Department of Life Sciences and Systems Biology, University of Torino, Torino, - - 2014
Understanding of the role of body mass in structural-functional relationships is pressing, particularly because species losses often occur non-randomly with respect to body size. Our study examined the effects of dung beetle body mass on dung removal at two levels. First, we used the lab experiment to evaluate the efficiency ...
Wu Guojun G Department of Breast and Thyroid Surgery, Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University Jinan 250021, Shandong, P. R. - - 2014
This study is to establish the rhesus monkey model of lymphedema in the upper limbs, and assess the suitability of this model. An animal model of lymphedema was established by the combined irradiation and surgical techniques in the upper limbs of these rhesus monkeys. Physical examination, high-resolution MR lymphangiography, bioelectrical ...
Shi Feng F State Key Laboratory of Numerical Modeling for Atmospheric Sciences and Geophysical Fluid Dynamics, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, - - 2014
The South Asian summer monsoon (SASM) is a major atmospheric synoptic climate system affecting nearly a quarter of the human population. Climate proxy data derived from tree rings, ice cores, speleothems, and other sources can all contribute to an understanding of SASM variability prior to instrumental period. Here, we develop ...
Turrado Concepción Crespo CC Maintenance Department, University of Oviedo, San Francisco 3, Oviedo 3307, Spain. - - 2014
Global solar broadband irradiance on a planar surface is measured at weather stations by pyranometers. In the case of the present research, solar radiation values from nine meteorological stations of the MeteoGalicia real-time observational network, captured and stored every ten minutes, are considered. In this kind of record, the lack ...
Silva Gabriel S C GS Universidade Estadual Paulista, Departamento de Morfologia, Laboratório de Biologia e Genética de Peixes, Botucatu, SP, - - 2014
A new species of Hisonotus is described from the headwaters of the rio Xingu. The new species is distinguished from its congeners by having a functional V-shaped spinelet, odontodes not forming longitudinal aligned rows on the head and trunk, lower counts of the lateral and median series of abdominal figs, ...
Martínez-Cámara E E Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of La Rioja, 26004 Logrono, - - 2014
La Rioja is the region where the top rated wines from Spain come from and also the origin of one of the most prestigious wines in the world. It is worldwide recognized, not only for the quality of the vine, but also for the many factors involved in the process ...
McGee Matthew D - - 2013
The evolution of ecological divergence in closely related species is a key component of adaptive radiation. However, in most examples of adaptive radiation the mechanistic basis of ecological divergence remains unclear. A classic example is seen in the young benthic and limnetic stickleback species pairs of British Columbia. In each ...
Snyder Anna K AK Department of Biology, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia, - - 2013
Microbial symbionts can be instrumental to the evolutionary success of their hosts. Here, we discuss medically significant tsetse flies (Diptera: Glossinidae), a group comprised of over 30 species, and their use as a valuable model system to study the evolution of the holobiont (i.e., the host and associated microbes). We ...
Feres Murilo Fernando Neuppmann - - 2013
To investigate intra- and interexaminers' reproducibility of usual adenoid hypertrophy assessment methods, according to nasofiberendoscopic examination. Forty children of both sexes, ages ranging between 4 and 14 years, presenting with nasal obstruction and oral breathing suspected to be caused by adenoid hypertrophy, were enrolled in this study. Patients were evaluated ...
Feres Murilo Fernando Neuppmann - - 2012
Although the scientific literature recognizes that lateral cephalometric radiographs might be clinically useful, there is no consensus in relation to the best parameter available. Therefore, this research was aimed at evaluating current radiographic assessment methods designed to investigate adenoid hypertrophy and nasopharyngeal obstruction. Children from 4 to 14 years old ...
Ryall Karen A KA Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908, - - 2012
Cardiac hypertrophy is managed by a dense web of signaling pathways with many pathways influencing myocyte growth. A quantitative understanding of the contributions of individual pathways and their interactions is needed to better understand hypertrophy signaling and to develop more effective therapies for heart failure. We developed a computational model ...
Villeret Mélanie - - 2012
The aim of this study was to identify a signal that could be used as an androgen exposure indicator in the European bullhead (Cottus sp.). For this purpose, the ultra-structure of the kidney was characterized to identify normal structure of this organ, and histological changes previously described in the kidney ...
Di Gialleonardo Valentina - - 2012
N-(4-[(18)F]Fluorobenzoyl)interleukin-2 ([(18)F]FB-IL2) specifically binds to interleukin-2 receptors (IL-2R) and thus may be used to detect inflammation processes using positron emission tomography (PET). We now validated whether [(18)F]FB-IL2 can be used to quantify activated human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (hPBMC) in rats by pharmacokinetic modelling. Eleven Wistar rats were subcutaneously inoculated ...
De Boer Rob J - - 2012
To study the kinetics of lymphocytes, models have divided the cell population into subpopulations with different turnover rates. These have been called 'kinetic heterogeneity models' so as to distinguish them from 'temporal heterogeneity models', in which a cell population may have different turnover rates at different times, e.g. when resting ...
Lakoumentas John - - 2012
Prognosis of B-Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (B-CLL) remains a challenging problem in medical research and practice. While the parameters obtained by flow cytometry analysis form the basis of the diagnosis of the disease, the question whether these parameters offer additional prognostic information still remains open. In this work, we attempt to ...
Peluso Ilaria - - 2012
We propose a new data analysis approach for reactive oxygen species detection using Dihydrorhodamine123 in blood monocytes and neutrophils. This approach, based on data transformation using lymphocytes as internal standard, allows to appreciate free radical production by monocytes also without Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) activation. In addition, this method is ...
Ramamoorthy Anand - - 2011
Instructions are an inextricable, yet poorly understood aspect of modern human life. In this paper we propose that instruction implementation and following can be understood as fast Hebbian learning in prefrontal cortex, which trains slower pathways (e.g., cortical-basal ganglia pathways). We present a computational model of instruction following that is ...
Perl Yonatan Sanz YS Department of Physics, FCEyN, University of Buenos Aires Ciudad Universitaria, Buenos Aires, - - 2011
We reconstruct the physiological parameters that control an avian vocal organ during birdsong production using recorded song. The procedure involves fitting the time dependent parameters of an avian vocal organ model. Computationally, the model is implemented as a dynamical system ruling the behavior of the oscillating labia that modulate the ...
Befekadu Getachew K GK Department of Oncology, Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, Georgetown University Medical Center, NW, Washington, DC 20057, USA. - - 2011
A novel framework of a probabilistic mixture regression model (PMRM) is presented for alignment of liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) data with respect to retention time (RT) points. The expectation maximization algorithm is used to estimate the joint parameters of spline-based mixture regression models and prior transformation density models. The latter ...
Sibbald Matthew - - 2011
Clinicians are believed to use two predominant reasoning strategies: system 1 based pattern recognition, and system 2 based analytical reasoning. Balancing these cognitive reasoning strategies is widely believed to reduce diagnostic error. However, clinicians approach different problems with different reasoning strategies. This study explores whether clinicians have insight into their ...
Gjorgjieva Julijana - - 2011
Spontaneous activity is found in many regions of the developing nervous system; such activity is thought to be instructive for guiding developmental processes. In particular, the developing retina generates correlated patterns of activity known as retinal waves. We review the main theoretical models that have been developed to study the ...
Jho Eun Hea - - 2011
The combined toxic effects of Cd and Pb in the presence of different concentrations of Ca(2+) were predicted using the biotic ligand model (BLM), with the parameters derived from the Cd-only and Pb-only toxicity data. The BLM-based toxic unit (TU) approach and the proposed BLM-based f(mix) approach were used for ...
Gregori Dario - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: This article aims to describe the various approaches in multivariable modelling of healthcare costs data and to synthesize the respective criticisms as proposed in the literature. METHODS: /st> We present regression methods suitable for the analysis of healthcare costs and then apply them to an experimental setting in cardiovascular ...
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