Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 983
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Cummings J - - 2008
Over recent years the role of biomarkers in anticancer drug development has expanded across a spectrum of applications ranging from research tool during early discovery to surrogate endpoint in the clinic. However, in Europe when biomarker measurements are performed on samples collected from subjects entered into clinical trials of new ...
Ulintz Peter J - - 2008
Improvements in ion trap instrumentation have made n-dimensional mass spectrometry more practical. The overall goal of the study was to describe a model for making use of MS(2) and MS(3) information in mass spectrometry experiments. We present a statistical model for adjusting peptide identification probabilities based on the combined information ...
Gabbard Carl - - 2007
This study examined the influence of target viewing time on perceived (estimates of) reachability. Right-handed participants were asked to judge the simulated reachability of midline targets using their dominant limb in viewing conditions of 150 ms, 500 ms, 1 s and 2 s. Responses were compared to actual maximum reach. ...
Flikka Kristian - - 2007
High-throughput proteomics experiments typically generate large amounts of peptide fragmentation mass spectra during a single experiment. There is often a substantial amount of redundant fragmentation of the same precursors among these spectra, which is usually considered a nuisance. We here discuss the potential of clustering and merging redundant spectra to ...
Jones Andrew R - - 2007
The use of gel electrophoresis to separate and, in some instances, to quantify the abundance of large numbers of proteins from complex mixtures, has been well established for several decades. The quantity of publicly available data is still relatively modest due to a lack of community accepted data standards, tools ...
Karp Natasha A - - 2007
Quantitative proteomics is the comparison of distinct proteomes which enables the identification of protein species which exhibit changes in expression or post-translational state in response to a given stimulus. Many different quantitative techniques are being utilized and generate large datasets. Independent of the technique used, these large datasets need robust ...
Pelikan Richard - - 2007
The 'reproducibility' of mass spectrometry proteomic profiling has become an intensely controversial topic. The mere mention of concern over the 'reproducibility' of data generated from any particular platform can lead to the anxiety over the generalizability of its results and its role in the future of discovery proteomics. In this ...
Karr T L - - 2008
Proteomics is a relatively new scientific discipline that merges protein biochemistry, genome biology and bioinformatics to determine the spatial and temporal expression of proteins in cells, tissues and whole organisms. There has been very little application of proteomics to the fields of behavioral genetics, evolution, ecology and population dynamics, and ...
Noy Karin - - 2007
Mass spectrometry (MS) is increasingly being used for biomedical research. The typical analysis of MS data consists of several steps. Feature extraction is a crucial step since subsequent analyses are performed only on the detected features. Current methodologies applied to low-resolution MS, in which features are peaks or wavelet functions, ...
Lv Lin-Li - - 2007
The antibody microarray is an intrinsically robust and quantitative system that delivers high-throughput and parallel measurements on particular sets of known proteins. It has become an important proteomics research tool, complementary to the conventional unbiased separation-based and mass spectrometry-based approaches. This review summarizes the technical aspects of production and the ...
Lau King Wai - - 2007
Whilst the array of techniques available for quantitative proteomics continues to grow, the attendant bioinformatic software tools are similarly expanding in number. The data capture and analysis of such quantitative data is obviously crucial to the experiment and the methods used to process it will critically affect the quality of ...
Taylor Chris F - - 2007
Both the generation and the analysis of proteomics data are now widespread, and high-throughput approaches are commonplace. Protocols continue to increase in complexity as methods and technologies evolve and diversify. To encourage the standardized collection, integration, storage and dissemination of proteomics data, the Human Proteome Organization's Proteomics Standards Initiative develops ...
Alterovitz Gil - - 2007
Biological and medical data have been growing exponentially over the past several years [1, 2]. In particular, proteomics has seen automation dramatically change the rate at which data are generated [3]. Analysis that systemically incorporates prior information is becoming essential to making inferences about the myriad, complex data [4-6]. A ...
Matthiesen Rune - - 2007
Computational MS-based proteomics is an emerging field arising from the demand of high throughput analysis in numerous large-scale experimental proteomics projects. The review provides a broad overview of a number of computational tools available for data analysis of MS-based proteomics data and gives appropriate literature references to detailed description of ...
Prakash Amol - - 2007
Mass spectrometry-based proteomics holds great promise as a discovery tool for biomarker candidates in the early detection of diseases. Recently much emphasis has been placed upon producing highly reliable data for quantitative profiling for which highly reproducible methodologies are indispensable. The main problems that affect experimental reproducibility stem from variations ...
Tokuda Isao T - - 2007
Voice instabilities were studied using excised human larynx experiments and biomechanical modeling. With a controlled elongation of the vocal folds, the experiments showed registers with chest-like and falsetto-like vibrations. Observed instabilities included abrupt jumps between the two registers exhibiting hysteresis, aphonic episodes, subharmonics, and chaos near the register transitions. In ...
Hinz Klaus-Peter - - 2007
On-line micro- and nanoparticle mass spectrometry has evolved into a prominent analytical method for the characterization of airborne particles, particle populations and aerosols over the recent years, driven by essential developments in instrumentation, data evaluation and validation. In this tutorial, the fundamental aspects of the technology and methodology for qualitative ...
Simões Joana - - 2007
The possibility of discrimination of the anomeric configuration (alpha or beta) of underivatized reducing glucopyranosyl-glucose disaccharides, using a hybrid mass spectrometer Q-TOF 2 (Micromass), a linear ion trap LXQ (Thermo), and a triple quadrupole Quattro (Micromass) with an electrospray source (ESI) was investigated. Differences observed in the relative abundances of ...
Page Steven J - - 2007
Researchers at the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) have long used stationary tapered element oscillating microbalances (TEOMs) in laboratory settings. They have served to assess the mass concentration of laboratory-generated particulates in experimental dust chambers and they provide a reference method for comparison with other particulate-measuring instruments. ...
Borges Chad R - - 2007
A chemometrics-based data analysis concept has been developed as a substitute for manual inspection of extracted ion chromatograms (XICs), which facilitates rapid, analyst-mediated interpretation of GC- and LC/MS(n) data sets from samples undergoing qualitative batchwise screening for prespecified sets of analytes. Automatic preparation of data into two-dimensional row space-derived scatter ...
Ervens Barbara - - 2007
The organic fraction of atmospheric aerosols affects the physical and chemical properties of the particles and their role in the climate system. Current models greatly underpredict secondary organic aerosol (SOA) mass. Based on a compilation of literature studies that address SOA formation, we discuss different parameters that affect the SOA ...
Lemelin Pierre - - 2007
The hands and feet of primates fulfill a variety of biological roles linked with food acquisition and positional behavior. Current explanations of shape differences in cheiridial morphology among prosimians are closely tied to body size differences. Although numerous studies have examined the relationships between body mass and limb morphology in ...
Cannataro Mario - - 2007
We connect in a grid-enabled pipeline an ontology-based environment for proteomics spectra management with a machine learning platform for unbiased predictive analysis. We exploit two existing software platforms (MS-Analyzer and BioDCV), the emerging proteomics standards, and the middleware and computing resources of the EGEE Biomed VO grid infrastructure. In the ...
Myers Tamra - - 2007
The community of proteomic researchers has been generating openly available software infrastructure for systematic proteomic data analyses and data management for the past several years. The Computational Proteomics Analysis System (CPAS) integrates many of these efforts into a single Web-based platform for mining liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) proteomic experiments. ...
Reid Jennifer D - - 2007
The value of biomarker research in the field of diagnostics and predictive medicine has long been acknowledged. Diagnostic tests have evolved from single-molecule monitoring to multiplexed assays for entire panels of biomarkers, resulting in comprehensive data that clinicians can use to efficiently and effectively treat patients. Thus, the focus of ...
Eriksson Jan - - 2007
Truly comprehensive proteome analysis is highly desirable in systems biology and biomarker discovery efforts. But complete proteome characterization has been hindered by the dynamic range and detection sensitivity of experimental designs, which are not adequate to the very wide range of protein abundances. Experimental designs for comprehensive analytical efforts involve ...
Viarengo A - - 2007
The paper outlines a 2-tier approach for wide-scale biomonitoring programmes. To obtain a high level of standardization, we suggest the use of caged organisms (mussels or fish). An "early warning", highly sensitive, low-cost biomarker is employed in tier 1 (i.e. lysosomal membrane stability (LMS) and survival rate, a marker for ...
Erny Guillaume L - - 2007
It has been demonstrated that CE-MS is a very useful hyphenated technique for proteomic studies. However, the huge amount of data stored in a single CE-MS run makes it necessary to account with procedures able to extract all the relevant information made available by CE-MS. In this work, we present ...
Smit Suzanne - - 2007
A strategy is presented for the statistical validation of discrimination models in proteomics studies. Several existing tools are combined to form a solid statistical basis for biomarker discovery that should precede a biochemical validation of any biomarker. These tools consist of permutation tests, single and double cross-validation. The cross-validation steps ...
Thalassinos Konstantinos - - 2007
Novel software has been developed to aid the interpretation of tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) data from synthetic polymers. The software is particularly focused toward aiding the end-group determination of these materials by significantly speeding up the interpretation process. This allows information on the initiator and/or chain transfer agents, used to ...
Shin Hyunjin - - 2008
In recent years, proteomic profiling by mass spectrometry has opened up a new realm of methods for identifying potential biomarkers. Mass spectrometry data, like other proteomic and genomic data, are challenging to analyze because of their high dimensionality and the availability of few samples. Hence, feature selection is extremely important ...
Nie Lei - - 2007
Recent advances in high-throughput technologies enable quantitative monitoring of the abundance of various biological molecules and allow determination of their variation between biological states on a genomic scale. Two popular platforms are DNA microarrays that measure messenger RNA transcript levels, and gel-free proteomic analyses that quantify protein abundance. Obviously, no ...
Noid W G - - 2007
A statistical mechanical framework elucidates the significance of structural correlations between coarse-grained (CG) sites in the multiscale coarse-graining (MS-CG) method (Izvekov, S.; Voth, G. A. J. Phys. Chem. B 2005, 109, 2469; J. Chem. Phys. 2005, 123, 134105). If no approximations are made, then the MS-CG method yields a many-body ...
Smith David - - 2007
The potential of breath analysis for clinical diagnosis and the strengths and weaknesses of the analytical methods used are discussed. Special attention is given to selected ion flow tube mass spectrometry, SIFT-MS, using which on-line real-time analyses of single breath exhalations can be carried out. Illustrative data on the concentration ...
Santos Agostinho - - 2007
The use of inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) in the study of gunshot residues (GSR) is relatively recent, and only a few studies have been published on the subject. In the present paper, this instrumental technique has been used to study the deposit pattern of the GSR around the bullet ...
Koch Boris P - - 2007
Ultrahigh-resolution mass spectrometry via the Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance technique (FT-ICR-MS) allows the identification of thousands of different molecular formulas in natural organic matter and petroleum samples. Molecular formula assignment from mass data is most critical and time-consuming for these samples, and in many cases, several formulas can be ...
DiMaggio Peter A PA Jr Department of Chemical Engineering Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544-5263, - - 2007
A novel methodology for the automated de novo identification of peptides via integer linear optimization (also referred to as integer linear programming or ILP) and tandem mass spectrometry is presented in this article. The various features of the mathematical model are presented and examples are used to illustrate the key ...
Bogdan Istvan - - 2007
High-resolution mass spectrometers generate large data files that are complex, noisy and require extensive processing to extract the optimal data from raw spectra. This processing is readily achieved in software and is often embedded in manufacturers' instrument control and data processing environments. However, the speed of this data processing is ...
Kaur Parminder - - 2007
Isotope variability due to natural processes provides important information for studying a variety of complex natural phenomena from the origins of a particular sample to the traces of biochemical reaction mechanisms. These measurements require high-precision determination of isotope ratios of a particular element involved. Isotope ratio mass spectrometers (IRMS) are ...
Kohlbacher Oliver - - 2007
MOTIVATION: Experimental techniques in proteomics have seen rapid development over the last few years. Volume and complexity of the data have both been growing at a similar rate. Accordingly, data management and analysis are one of the major challenges in proteomics. Flexible algorithms are required to handle changing experimental setups ...
Listgarten Jennifer - - 2007
MOTIVATION: There is a pressing need for improved proteomic screening methods allowing for earlier diagnosis of disease, systematic monitoring of physiological responses and the uncovering of fundamental mechanisms of drug action. The combined platform of LC-MS (Liquid-Chromatography-Mass-Spectrometry) has shown promise in moving toward a solution in these areas. In this ...
Kaltenbach, Hans-Michael
We investigate several mathematical and algorithmical aspects of peptide mass fingerprinting (PMF). In a PMF experiment, a purified protein sample is digested by a protease using an enzymatic cleavage reaction, the masses of the resulting peptides are measured by mass spectrometry, yielding the mass fingerprint, and compared to predicted mass ...
Rogers Shane W - - 2007
Expedited site characterization and groundwater monitoring using direct-push technology and conventional monitoring wells were conducted at a former manufactured gas plant site. Biogeochemical data and heterotrophic plate counts support the presence of microbially mediated remediation. By superimposing solutions of a two-dimensional reactive transport analytical model, first-order degradation rate coefficients ((day-1) ...
Matthiesen Rune - - 2007
Mass spectrometry (MS) has recently become one of the most informative methods for studying proteins. Albiet, MS cannot compete with the detailed structural information obtained by methods such as nuclear magnetic resonance and X-ray crystallography. However, MS is much easier to automate and use as a large-scale technique. Large-scale proteomic ...
Boehm Andreas M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Mass spectrometry based quantification of peptides can be performed using the iTRAQ reagent in conjunction with mass spectrometry. This technology yields information about the relative abundance of single peptides. A method for the calculation of reliable quantification information is required in order to obtain biologically relevant data at the ...
Faria-Campos A C - - 2007
Proteomics correspond to the identification and quantitative analysis of proteins expressed in different conditions or life stages of a cell or organism. Methods used in proteomics analysis include mainly chromatography, two-dimensional electrophoresis and mass spectrometry. Data generated in proteomics analysis vary significantly, and to identify a protein it is often ...
Oliver Arnau - - 2007
In this paper we propose a new approach for false positive reduction in the field of mammographic mass detection. The goal is to distinguish between the true recognized masses and the ones which actually are normal parenchyma. Our proposal is based on Local Binary Patterns (LBP) for representing salient micro-patterns ...
Zivy Michel - - 2007
The use of 2D electrophoresis for comparative proteomics allows the revelation of variations of protein relative amounts according to various physiological or genetic criteria. The statistical significance of these results is related to different factors, from the experimental design to the statistical tests. In this chapter we describe different parameters ...
Thysell Elin - - 2007
A strategy for processing of metabolomic GC/MS data is presented. By considering the relationship between quantity and quality of detected profiles, representative data suitable for multiple sample comparisons and metabolite identification was generated. Design of experiments (DOE) and multivariate analysis was used to relate the changes in settings of the ...
Khatami Mahin - - 2007
The purpose of this position article was to design a set of criteria (data elements) for a wide range of cancer biomarkers (CBs) in an attempt to standardize biomarkers features through a common language as a foundation for a database. Data elements are described as a set of generic criteria, ...
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