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Messner Michael J MJ Office of Water, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, - - 2014
This study utilizes old and new Norovirus (NoV) human challenge data to model the dose-response relationship for human NoV infection. The combined data set is used to update estimates from a previously published beta-Poisson dose-response model that includes parameters for virus aggregation and for a beta-distribution that describes variable susceptibility ...
Panero L M LM Università degli Studi dell'Insubria, 22100 Como, - - 2014
The internal alpha dose assessment (ICRP 65, 1994) depends on the value of the equilibrium factor F. This parameter is generally not measured and a mean conventional value ranging between 0.4 and 0.6 is assumed, possibly leading to a significant bias in the dose assessments. In this paper, a method ...
Hernández-Ceballos M A MA Department of Applied Physics, University of Huelva, Huelva, Spain, - - 2014
Airborne pollen transport at micro-, meso-gamma and meso-beta scales must be studied by atmospheric models, having special relevance in complex terrain. In these cases, the accuracy of these models is mainly determined by the spatial resolution of the underlying meteorological dataset. This work examines how meteorological datasets determine the results ...
Amato Ernesto E Section of Radiological Sciences, Department Biomedical Sciences and of Morphologic and Functional Imaging, University of Messina, Messina, - - 2014
To assess the radiation burden of non-human living organisms, dose coefficients are available in the literature, precalculated by assuming an ellipsoidal shape of each organism. A previously developed analytical method was applied for the determination of absorbed fractions inside ellipsoidal volumes from alpha, beta, and gamma radiations to the calculation ...
Wang Xiao-Feng XF Department of Quantitative Health Sciences/Biostatistics Section, Cleveland Clinic Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland, OH, 44195, - - 2014
Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is a quantitative magnetic resonance imaging technique that measures the three-dimensional diffusion of water molecules within tissue through the application of multiple diffusion gradients. This technique is rapidly increasing in popularity for studying white matter properties and structural connectivity in the living human brain. One of ...
Cao Teng - - 2014
The fatigue that users suffer when using steady-state visual evoked potential (SSVEP)-based brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) can cause a number of serious problems such as signal quality degradation and system performance deterioration, users' discomfort and even risk of photosensitive epileptic seizures, posing heavy restrictions on the applications of SSVEP-based BCIs. Towards ...
Yang Jinzhong J Department of Radiation Physics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas. Electronic address: - - 2014
To develop a new approach for interobserver variability analysis. Eight radiation oncologists specializing in breast cancer radiation therapy delineated a patient's left breast "from scratch" and from a template that was generated using deformable image registration. Three of the radiation oncologists had previously received training in Radiation Therapy Oncology Group ...
Höcht Christian C Universidad de Buenos Aires, School of Pharmacy and Biochemistry, Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica, Department of Pharmacology , Junín 956, (C1113AAD) Buenos Aires , Argentina +54 11 4964 8265 ; +54 11 4508 3645 ; - - 2014
Introduction: β-blocker therapy plays an important role in the treatment of various diseases, including hypertension, myocardial infarction and heart failure. Although all β-blockers shared their ability to competitively block β1-adrenoceptor, this therapeutic class showed great heterogeneity in their pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) properties. Areas covered: The present review describes ...
Sun Deqiang - - 2014
Bisulfite sequencing (BS-seq) is the gold standard for studying genome-wide DNA methylation. We developed MOABS to increase the speed, accuracy, statistical power and biological relevance of BS-seq data analysis. MOABS detects differential methylation with 10-fold coverage at single-CpG resolution based on a Beta-Binomial hierarchical model and is capable of processing ...
Mroczek Dariusz D 1Chair of Motor Activity, University School of Physical Education, Wroclaw, Poland 2Faculty of Physical Education and Physiotherapy, Opole University of Technology, - - 2014
The present study aims to assess motor activity of volleyball players using an original video recording method developed by the authors. 28 volleyball players taking part in four matches of the Polish Volleyball League were examined. The recorded data were analyzed in view of the mean total distance covered by ...
Demetrashvili Nino N 1Department of Epidemiology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, RB Groningen, the - - 2014
Confidence intervals for intraclass correlation coefficients in agreement studies with continuous outcomes are model-specific and no generic approach exists. This paper provides two generic approaches for intraclass correlation coefficients of the form $$\sum _{q=1}^{Q}{\sigma }_{q}^{2}/(\sum _{q=1}^{Q}{\sigma }_{q}^{2}+\sum _{p=Q+1}^{P}{\sigma }_{p}^{2})$$. The first approach uses Satterthwaite's approximation and an F-distribution. The second ...
Kim Jae-Kwan JK Vorononi Diagram Research Center, Hanyang University, - - 2014
Molecular external structure is important for molecular function, with voids on the surface and interior being one of the most important features. Hence, recognition of molecular voids and accurate computation of their geometrical properties, such as volume, area and topology, are crucial, yet most popular algorithms are based on the ...
Meaney Christopher - - 2014
In biomedical research, response variables are often encountered which have bounded support on the open unit interval - (0,1). Traditionally, researchers have attempted to estimate covariate effects on these types of response data using linear regression. Alternative modelling strategies may include: beta regression, variable-dispersion beta regression, and fractional logit regression ...
Choi Yongju - - 2014
The validity of a hydrophobic organic contaminant mass transfer model to predict the effectiveness of in-situ AC treatment under stagnant sediment-AC contact is studied for different contaminants and sediments. The modeling results and data from a previous 24-month column study experiment of uptake in polyethylene samplers are within a factor ...
Wang Xiaoyan - - 2014
Among the methods of parallel magnetic resonance imaging (PMRI), Generalized Auto-calibrating Partially Parallel Acquisitions (GRAPPA) technique reconstructs the missing k-space data by a set of weights, which are derived from auto-calibration signal (ACS) lines acquired in parallel to the reduced lines. In this paper, a novel hybrid method is proposed ...
Martin Andrew A NHS Greater Manchester Commissioning Support Unit, Salford, Manchester, - - 2014
Background: Generic losartan provides an opportunity to enhance angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) prescribing efficiency, with all ARBs essentially being similar. Initially, there was limited activity in NHS Bury (UK). This changed in March 2011 with therapeutic switching and other measures encouraging the prescribing of losartan following generics to enhance its ...
Legendre Pierre P Département de Sciences Biologiques, Université de Montréal, , C.P. 6128, Succursale Centre-ville, Montréal, Québec, Canada , H3C 3J7, Laboratoire des Sciences de l'Environnement Marin (LEMAR), UMR CNRS 6539, Institut Universitaire Européen de la Mer, Université de Bretagne Occidentale, , rue Dumont d'Urville, Plouzané 29280, - - 2014
This review focuses on the analysis of temporal beta diversity, which is the variation in community composition along time in a study area. Temporal beta diversity is measured by the variance of the multivariate community composition time series and that variance can be partitioned using appropriate statistical methods. Some of ...
Otani Koichi - - 2014
It has been suggested that interpersonal sensitivity, a personality trait associated with depression and anxiety disorders, is linked with attachment insecurity. To confirm this link, we studied the correlations of interpersonal sensitivity with working models of the self and other. The subjects were 301 healthy Japanese. Interpersonal sensitivity and working ...
Montero-Marin Jesus J Faculty of Health Sciences and Sports, University of Zaragoza, Huesca, Spain ; Department of Psychiatry, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain ; REDIAPP "Red de Investigación en Actividades Preventivas y Promoción de la Salud" (Research Network on Preventative Activities and Health Promotion), Zaragoza, - - 2014
Burnout occurs when professionals use ineffective coping strategies to try to protect themselves from work-related stress. The dimensions of 'overload', 'lack of development' and 'neglect', belonging to the 'frenetic', 'under-challenged' and 'worn-out' subtypes, respectively, comprise a brief typological definition of burnout. The aim of the present study was to estimate ...
Marcon Eric E AgroParisTech, UMR Écologie des Forêts de Guyane, Kourou Cedex, - - 2014
Traditional measures of diversity, namely the number of species as well as Simpson's and Shannon's indices, are particular cases of Tsallis entropy. Entropy decomposition, i.e. decomposing gamma entropy into alpha and beta components, has been previously derived in the literature. We propose a generalization of the additive decomposition of Shannon ...
Kanoatov Mirzo - - 2013
We describe a mathematical approach that enables extraction of kinetic rate constants from thousands of studies conducted over the past two decades with affinity capillary electrophoresis (ACE). Previously, ACE has been used almost exclusively for obtaining equilibrium constants of intermolecular interactions. In this article, we prove that there exists an ...
Noel Yvonnick - - 2013
An unfolding model for continuous bounded responses is proposed, derived both from a hypothetical interpolation response mechanism and from the hypothesis of two opposite sources of item refusal being collapsed. These two sources of refusal are made explicit in a three-component Dirichlet response model and then collapsed to obtain a (two-component) beta response ...
Stanga D D National Institute of R&D for Physics and Nuclear Engineering "HoriaHulubei", IFIN-HH, P.O.Box MG-6, Bucharest-Magurele R-077125, Romania. Electronic address: - - 2013
A simple method has been developed for determining the activity of large-area beta reference sources in anodized aluminum foils. It is based on the modeling of the transmission of beta rays through thin foils in planar geometry using Monte Carlo simulation. The method was checked experimentally and measurement results show ...
Iknayan Kelly J - - 2013
Estimates of species richness and diversity are central to community and macroecology and are frequently used in conservation planning. Commonly used diversity metrics account for undetected species primarily by controlling for sampling effort. Yet the probability of detecting an individual can vary among species, observers, survey methods, and sites. We ...
Havelka Miroslav M Czech Metrology Institute, Inspectorate for Ionizing Radiation, Radiová 1, 102 00 Prague, Czech Republic. Electronic address: - - 2013
The activity of the radionuclide (64)Cu was determined by the efficiency extrapolation method applied to 4π(PC)-γ coincidence counting. The standardisation was performed by software coincidence counting-a digital method for primary activity measurement that simplifies the setting of optimal coincidence parameters. The γ-ray-energy window, characterised by identical gamma detection efficiency related ...
Lee Chang-Hyun - - 2013
The sylvian arachnoid cyst (AC) is a common benign disease; however, it sometimes leads to subdural or intracystic hemorrhage without major trauma. The reason of easy bleeding of the AC is not fully understood. The purpose of this study was to investigate the bleeding mechanism of the sylvian AC in ...
Hardy J C - - 2013
Because of angular-momentum conservation, superallowed β decay between 0(+) analog states involves only the vector part of the weak interaction, so its measured ft value can be used to determine the vector coupling constant, GV. If many such transitions are measured, then the constancy of GV can be established and ...
Battisti Sabrina - - 2013
In May 2005, beta-hexachlorocyclohexane (β-HCH) was found in a sample of bovine bulk milk from a farm in the Sacco River valley (Latium region, central Italy). The primary source of contamination was suspected to be industrial discharge into the environment with the Sacco River as the main mean of dispersion. ...
Kalantari Mojgan M Department of Radiology, Mahdiyeh Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2013
Background: Abdominal circumference (AC), biparietal diameters (BPD) and femoral length (FL) are now the main parameters used to obtain estimated fetal weight (EFW). Although the role of soft tissue parameters in determining fetal weight was proved but clinical attention to mid-thigh soft tissue thickness (STT) is limited. Objective: To find ...
Zhou Mingyuan - - 2013
The seemingly disjoint problems of count and mixture modeling are united under the negative binomial (NB) process. A gamma process is employed to model the rate measure of a Poisson process, whose normalization provides a random probability measure for mixture modeling and whose marginalization leads to a NB process for ...
He Wenqi - - 2013
We comment on the recent Letter, by Liu et al. [Opt. Lett.38, 1651 (2013)] in which a method to improve the security strength of the asymmetric cryptosystem (ACS) by Qin and Peng [Opt. Lett.35, 118 (2010)] was proposed. However, in accordance with Liu's methodology, we could easily find other more efficient ...
Yu Xiaoyi - - 2013
Long-term storage of articular cartilage (AC) has excited great interest due to the practical surgical significance of this tissue. The liquidus-tracking (LT) method developed by Pegg et al. [Cryobiology, 52 (2006) 360-368] for vitreous preservation of AC achieved reasonable survival of post-warming chondrocytes in situ, but the design of the ...
Sathyamoorthy Sandeep - - 2013
Accurate prediction of pharmaceutical concentrations in wastewater effluents requires that the specific biochemical processes responsible for pharmaceutical biodegradation be elucidated and integrated within any modeling framework. The fate of three selected beta blockers - atenolol, metoprolol, and sotalol - was examined during nitrification using batch experiments to develop and evaluate ...
Carvalho Susana - - 2013
The present study analyses the composition, structure and trophic function of epibenthic assemblages in two artificial reefs (ARs) 16 years after deployment and in nearby natural reefs (NRs), aiming at providing insights on the complementarity between both habitats. Current findings suggest that after 16 years the ARs (concrete blocks), located ...
Cisler Josh M - - 2013
Many cognitive and clinical neuroscience research studies seek to determine how contextual factors modulate cognitive processes. In fMRI, hypotheses about how context modulates distributed patterns of information processing are often tested by comparing functional connectivity between neural regions A and B as a function of task condition X and Y, ...
Salari Nader - - 2013
The classification of Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS), using artificial intelligence (AI), has recently drawn the attention of the medical researchers. Using this approach, patients with myocardial infarction can be differentiated from those with unstable angina. The present study aims to develop an integrated model, based on the feature selection and ...
Silva M M - - 2014
This paper addresses the local identifiability and sensitivity properties of two classes of Wiener models for the neuromuscular blockade and depth of hypnosis, when drug dose profiles like the ones commonly administered in the clinical practice are used as model inputs. The local parameter identifiability was assessed based on the ...
Hansson Mari - - 2013
High-throughput screening (HTS) is widely used in the pharmaceutical industry to identify novel chemical starting points for drug discovery projects. The current study focuses on the relationship between molecular hit rate in recent in-house HTS and four common molecular descriptors: lipophilicity (ClogP), size (heavy atom count, HEV), fraction of sp(3)-hybridized ...
El Karoui Noureddine N Department of Statistics, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA. - - 2013
We study regression M-estimates in the setting where p, the number of covariates, and n, the number of observations, are both large, but p ≤ n. We find an exact stochastic representation for the distribution of β = argmin(β∈ℝ(p)) Σ(i=1)(n) ρ(Y(i) - X(i')β) at fixed p and n under various ...
Comas J - - 2013
Field trials may be required to assess risks of genetically modified crops (GMCs) for nontarget arthropods. One critical point of these trials is their capacity to detect differences between the density of one taxon in the GMC and that in the comparator. The detection capacity of a trial depends on ...
Kuss Oliver - - 2013
There are still challenges when meta-analyzing data from studies on diagnostic accuracy. This is mainly due to the bivariate nature of the response where information on sensitivity and specificity must be summarized while accounting for their correlation within a single trial. In this paper, we propose a new statistical model ...
Tan Vincent Y F - - 2013
This paper addresses the estimation of the latent dimensionality in nonnegative matrix factorization (NMF) with the $(\beta)$--divergence. The $(\beta)$-divergence is a family of cost functions that includes the squared euclidean distance, Kullback-Leibler (KL) and Itakura-Saito (IS) divergences as special cases. Learning the model order is important as it is necessary ...
Legendre Pierre - - 2013
Beta diversity can be measured in different ways. Among these, the total variance of the community data table Y can be used as an estimate of beta diversity. We show how the total variance of Y can be calculated either directly or through a dissimilarity matrix obtained using any dissimilarity ...
Yang Lingling - - 2013
Studies have shown that statistically there are differences in theta, alpha and beta band powers when people look at blue and red colors. In this paper, a game has been developed to test whether these statistical differences are good enough for online Brain Computer Interface (BCI) application. We implemented a ...
Horoi M - - 2013
Neutrinoless double beta decay, if observed, could distinguish whether the neutrino is a Dirac or a Majorana particle, and it could be used to determine the absolute scale of the neutrino masses. ^{136}Xe is one of the most promising candidates for observing this rare event. However, until recently there were ...
El Kerdawy Ahmed - - 2013
We have used a set of four local properties based on semiempirical molecular orbital calculations (the electron density (ρ), hydrogen bond donor field (HDF), hydrogen bond acceptor field (HAF) and molecular lipophilicity potential (MLP)) for 3D-QSAR studies to overcome the limitations of the current force-field based molecular interaction fields (MIFs). ...
Xu Xu Steven - - 2013
Beta regression models have been recommended for continuous bounded outcome scores that are often collected in clinical studies. Implementing beta regression in NONMEM presents difficulties since it does not provide gamma functions required by the beta distribution density function. The objective of the study was to implement mixed-effects beta regression ...
Srinivas Nuggehally R - - 2013
Ciclesonide, a novel glucocorticosteroid, through a rapid metabolism to desisobutyryl-ciclesonide (des-ciclesonide), provides an effective treatment option for asthma episodes by the inhaled route of administration. The availability of pharmacokinetic parameters (clearance [CL/F]; volume of distribution [Vd/F]; elimination half-life [T1/2]; and elimination rate constant [Kel]) in mice, rats, rabbits, and dogs ...
Tulupyev Alexander - - 2013
Our aim is to model the frequency of certain behavioral acts, especially those that are likely to transmit communicable diseases between persons. We develop a generalized linear model on the basis of the beta prime distribution to model the responses to a survey question of the form, 'When was the ...
Domenech de Cellès Matthieu - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase--producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E) are a growing concern in hospitals and the community. How to control the nosocomial ESBL-E transmission is a matter of debate. Contact isolation of patients has been recommended but evidence supporting it in non-outbreak settings has been inconclusive. METHODS: We used stochastic transmission models to ...
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