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Boot Maikel - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Genes encoding Extended Spectrum Beta Lactamases are usually located on transferable plasmids. Each plasmid contains its own replication mechanism. Carattoli et al. developed an extended PCR-based replicon typing method to characterize and identify the replicons of the major plasmid incompatibility groups in Enterobacteriaceae. Based on this method, we designed ...
Moorthy N S Hari Narayana - - 2013
Abstract In the present computational analysis, pharmacophore-based active conformer selection method was used to derive active conformers for the physicochemical descriptors calculation. The significant regression models were validated using different validation methods, which provided significant Q(2) values. The distance-based approaches were also used to analyze the discriminant property of the ...
Rocha J Leonel - - 2013
In this work a new probabilistic and dynamical approach to an extension of the Gompertz law is proposed. A generalized family of probability density functions, designated by Beta • (p,q), which is proportional to the right hand side of the Tsoularis-Wallace model, is studied. In particular, for p=2, the investigation ...
Vojniković Bozo - - 2013
The authors discussed about the problem of special form in astigmatism classification. This special type of astigmatism is the form of obliquely crossed astigmatism. In which the meridians, major and minor, are not right angles. In this astigmatism is not possible to prescribing for cylindrical (toric) spectacle lens. Authors describe ...
Liu Chuan-Fen - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To illustrate how the analysis of bimodal U-shaped distributed utilization can be modeled with beta-binomial regression, which is rarely used in health services research. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Veterans Affairs (VA) administrative data and Medicare claims in 2001-2004 for 11,123 Medicare-eligible VA primary care users in 2000. STUDY DESIGN: We ...
Huillet Thierry E - - 2013
We study a class of coalescents derived from a sampling procedure out of [Formula: see text] i.i.d. Pareto[Formula: see text] random variables, normalized by their sum, including [Formula: see text] -size-biasing on total length effects ([Formula: see text]). Depending on the range of [Formula: see text] we derive the large ...
Steinrücken Matthias - - 2013
We apply recently developed inference methods based on general coalescent processes to DNA sequence data obtained from various marine species. Several of these species are believed to exhibit so-called shallow gene genealogies, potentially due to extreme reproductive behaviour, e.g. via Hedgecock's "reproduction sweepstakes". Besides the data analysis, in particular the inference ...
Schmidt Philip J - - 2013
Dose-response models are the essential link between exposure assessment and computed risk values in quantitative microbial risk assessment, yet the uncertainty that is inherent to computed risks because the dose-response model parameters are estimated using limited epidemiological data is rarely quantified. Second-order risk characterization approaches incorporating uncertainty in dose-response model ...
Bordonali L - - 2013
We present a systematic experimental comparison of the superparamagnetic relaxation time constants obtained by means of dynamic magnetic measurements and (1)H-NMR relaxometry, on ferrite-based nanosystems with different composition, various core sizes and dispersed in different solvents. The application of a heuristic model for the relaxivity allowed a comparison between the ...
Jiang Guoqian - - 2013
The beta phase of the 11th revision of International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) intends to accept public input through a distributed model of authoring. One of the core use cases is to create textual definitions for the ICD categories. The objective of the present study is to design, develop, and ...
Chen Rongda - - 2013
Recovery rate is essential to the estimation of the portfolio's loss and economic capital. Neglecting the randomness of the distribution of recovery rate may underestimate the risk. The study introduces two kinds of models of distribution, Beta distribution estimation and kernel density distribution estimation, to simulate the distribution of recovery ...
Schmid Matthias M Department of Medical Informatics, Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Erlangen, Germany. - - 2013
Regression analysis with a bounded outcome is a common problem in applied statistics. Typical examples include regression models for percentage outcomes and the analysis of ratings that are measured on a bounded scale. In this paper, we consider beta regression, which is a generalization of logit models to situations where ...
Birkner Thomas T Department of Biostatistics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, - - 2013
We present a frequentist Bernoulli-Beta hierarchical model to relax the constant prevalence assumption underlying the traditional prevalence estimation approach based on pooled data. This assumption is called into question when sampling from a large geographic area. Pool screening is a method that combines individual items into pools. Each pool will ...
Ng Bernard B Parietal team, Neurospin, INRIA Saclay, France. - - 2013
There is a recent trend towards integrating resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (RS-fMRI) and diffusion MRI (dMRI) for brain connectivity estimation, as motivated by how estimates from these modalities are presumably two views reflecting the same underlying brain circuitry. In this paper, we show on a cohort of 60 ...
Elsayed Samir A Mohamed SA Computer Science Department, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, Helwan University, Cairo, Egypt - - 2013
Traditional Associative Classification (AC) algorithms typically search for all possible association rules to find a representative subset of those rules. Since the search space of such rules may grow exponentially as the support threshold decreases, the rules discovery process can be computationally expensive. One effective way to tackle this problem ...
Avila Daile - - 2012
In this work we apply a mathematical model of photosynthesis to quantify the potential for photosynthetic life in the very Early Archean oceans. We assume the presence of oceanic blockers of ultraviolet radiation, specifically ferrous ions. For this scenario, our results suggest a potential for photosynthetic life greater than or ...
Teschendorff Andrew E - - 2012
MOTIVATION: The Illumina Infinium 450k DNA Methylation Beadchip is a prime candidate technology for Epigenome-Wide Association Studies (EWAS). However, a difficulty associated with these beadarrays is that probes come in two different designs, characterised by widely different DNA methylation distributions and dynamic range, which may bias downstream analyses. A key ...
Hu Haipeng - - 2012
Abstract: We describe the application of different methods in the development of QSAR models for IKKA and IKKB inhibition. The results show that the best QSAR models provide highly accurate predictions for existing IKK inhibitors. The exceptions, corresponding to 5% of the known collection of inhibitors, are five classes of ...
Xu Weixin - - 2012
The structural characterization of amyloid fibers is one of the most investigated areas in structural biology. Recently, protofibril models for amylin, i.e., the 37-residue human islet amyloid polypeptide or hIAPP were suggested by two groups based on NMR (Luca et al., Biochemistry 2007;46:13505-13522) and X-ray (Wiltzius et al., Protein Sci ...
Marreiros André C - - 2012
Parkinson's disease is a common and debilitating condition, caused by aberrant activity in a complex basal ganglia-thalamocortical circuit. Therapeutic advances rely on characterising interactions in this circuit. However, recording electrophysiological responses over the entire circuit is impractical. Dynamic causal modelling offers large-scale models of predictive value based on a limited ...
Pullenayegum Eleanor M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Measured utility data have a discrete distribution, and the discreteness is particularly pronounced for EQ-5D utilities. Given the discreteness of the data, modeling the distribution parametrically is likely to be difficult. Moreover, since the distribution is bounded, the linearity assumptions made by many models are questionable. This article suggests ...
Steinrücken Matthias - - 2012
We apply recently developed inference methods based on general coalescent processes to DNA sequence data obtained from various marine species. Several of these species are believed to exhibit so-called shallow gene genealogies, potentially due to extreme reproductive behaviour, e.g. via Hedgecock's "reproduction sweepstakes". Besides the data analysis, in particular the inference ...
Wang Ling - - 2012
Using a self-organizing map (SOM) and support vector machine, two classification models were built to predict whether a compound is a selective inhibitor toward the two Acyl-coenzyme A: cholesterol acyltransferase (ACAT) isozymes, ACAT-1 and ACAT-2. A dataset of 97 ACAT inhibitors was collected. For each molecule, the global descriptors, 2D ...
Tan Vincent Y F - - 2012
This paper addresses the estimation of the latent dimensionality in nonnegative matrix factorization (NMF) with the $\beta$-divergence. The $\beta$-divergence is a family of cost functions that includes the squared Euclidean distance, Kullback-Leibler and Itakura-Saito divergences as special cases. Learning the model order is important as it is necessary to strike ...
Sagardia Iban - - 2013
A new quantitative structure activity relationship (QSAR) model is established for oligopeptides that inhibit angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE). Information concerning the C-terminal pentapeptide is considered to describe the peptide structure in the model. A database is constructed, with 263 ACE inhibitory peptides and 38 physicochemical descriptors, abstracted from the published ...
Cardoso Natali F - - 2012
Spirulina platensis microalgae (SP) and commercial activated carbon (AC) were compared as adsorbents to remove Reactive Red 120 (RR-120) textile dye from aqueous effluents. The batch adsorption system was evaluated in relation to the initial pH, contact time, initial dye concentration and temperature. An alternative kinetic model (general order kinetic ...
Peters Jessica R - - 2012
Relationships between specific borderline personality disorder (BPD) features and facets of impulsivity (negative and positive urgency, premeditation, perseverance, and sensation seeking) were examined in a sample of 227 undergraduate students, oversampled to include many with elevations on a measure of borderline features. Most facets of impulsivity were positively correlated with ...
Stein Edward - - 2012
In the normal brain beta band oscillatory activity has been associated with retaining of ongoing motor activities. In Parkinson's disease, enhanced beta band oscillatory activity is displayed across the cortico-basal ganglia pathway and is one of the prominent neurophysiological phenomena associated with the disorder. Intraoperative and postoperative recordings of neural ...
Corona Giovanni - - 2012
Hormones regulate all aspects of male reproduction, from sperm production to sexual drive. Although emerging evidence from animal models and small clinical studies in humans clearly point to a role for several hormones in controlling the ejaculatory process, the exact endocrine mechanisms are unclear. Evidence shows that oxytocin is actively ...
Wise Amber - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Increasing data on early biological changes from chemical exposures requires new interpretation tools to support decision-making. OBJECTIVES: To test the possibility of applying a quantitative approach using human data linking chemical exposures and upstream biological perturbations to overt downstream outcomes. METHODS: Using polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) exposures and maternal thyroid ...
Boomsma Marjolein J - - 2012
To establish a multivariate normal tissue complication probability (NTCP) model for radiation-induced hypothyroidism. The thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) level of 105 patients treated with (chemo-) radiation therapy for head-and-neck cancer was prospectively measured during a median follow-up of 2.5 years. Hypothyroidism was defined as elevated serum TSH with decreased or normal ...
Mansouri Kamel - - 2012
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are used as flame retardants in textiles, foams and plastics. Highly bioaccumulative with toxic effects including developmental neurotoxicity estrogen and thyroid hormones disruption, they are considered as persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and have been found in human tissues, wildlife and biota worldwide. But only some of ...
Bakhshandeh Mohsen - - 2012
PURPOSE: To determine the dose-response relationship of the thyroid for radiation-induced hypothyroidism in head-and-neck radiation therapy, according to 6 normal tissue complication probability models, and to find the best-fit parameters of the models. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Sixty-five patients treated with primary or postoperative radiation therapy for various cancers in the ...
Ganswindt André - - 2012
Abstract Biologically inert material in feces may confound interpretations of noninvasive fecal endocrine data, because it may induce variance related to differences in foraging behavior rather than to differences in endocrine activity. We evaluated two different enzyme immunoassays (EIAs) for the noninvasive evaluation of adrenocortical activity in ground-feeding aardwolves (Proteles ...
Schlenker Evelyn H - - 2012
Hypothyroidism, subclinical hypothyroidism and euthyroid sick syndrome, are prevalent disorders that affect all body systems including the respiratory system and control of breathing. The purpose of this review article is to discuss the regulation of thyroid hormone production and their function at the cellular level; the many causes of hypothyroidism; ...
Bento J - - 2012
This work aims at assessing the performance of a portable detection system, equipped with an NaI(Tl) scintillation detector for in vivo thyroid monitoring, which was properly calibrated using an anthropomorphic neck phantom. The anthropomorphic physical phantoms commonly used for the efficiency calibration of in vivo counters often present certain limitations ...
Li Li-Na - - 2012
In this paper, we present an effective and efficient computer aided diagnosis (CAD) system based on principle component analysis (PCA) and extreme learning machine (ELM) to assist the task of thyroid disease diagnosis. The CAD system is comprised of three stages. Focusing on dimension reduction, the first stage applies PCA ...
Kitano Mio - - 2012
Thyroid cancer diagnosis in the United States has increased by 2.3-folds in the last three decades. Up to 30% of thyroid fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) results are inconclusive. Several differentially expressed microRNAs (miRNAs) have been identified as candidate diagnostic markers for thyroid nodules. We hypothesized that these differentially expressed miRNAs ...
Song Y - - 2012
We present a model for the advantage of sexual reproduction in multicellular long-lived species in a world of structured resources in short supply. The model combines features of the Tangled Bank and the Red Queen hypothesis of sexual reproduction and is of broad applicability. The model is ecologically explicit with ...
Kassahun Wondwosen - - 2012
In medical and biomedical areas, binary and binomial outcomes are very common. Such data are often collected longitudinally from a given subject repeatedly overtime, which result in clustering of the observations within subjects, leading to correlation, on the one hand. The repeated binary outcomes from a given subject, on ...
Tate Charlotte Chuck - - 2012
One long-standing project within lesbian studies has been to develop a satisfactory working definition of "lesbian." This article proposes two new models of a definition using principles of social psychology. Each model (a) utilizes the premise that gender lacks a categorical essence and (b) separates behavioral adherence to cultural stereotypes ...
Del Giudice Marco - - 2012
Sex differences in personality are believed to be comparatively small. However, research in this area has suffered from significant methodological limitations. We advance a set of guidelines for overcoming those limitations: (a) measure personality with a higher resolution than that afforded by the Big Five; (b) estimate sex differences on ...
Aschebrook-Kilfoy Briseis - - 2012
Nitrate is a widespread contaminant of drinking water supplies, especially in agricultural areas. Nitrate intake from drinking water and dietary sources can interfere with the uptake of iodide by the thyroid, thus potentially impacting thyroid function. We assessed the relation of estimated nitrate levels in well water supplies with thyroid ...
Lyubetsky Vassily A - - 2012
A long recognized problem is the inference of the supertree S that amalgamates a given set {G(j)} of trees G(j), with leaves in each G(j) being assigned homologous elements. We ground on an approach to find the tree S by minimizing the total cost of mappings α(j) of individual gene ...
Riehle Kevin - - 2012
Microbial metagenomic analyses rely on an increasing number of publicly available tools. Installation, integration, and maintenance of the tools poses significant burden on many researchers and creates a barrier to adoption of microbiome analysis, particularly in translational settings. To address this need we have integrated a rich collection of microbiome ...
Gallion Steven L - - 2012
Soluble amyloid beta (Aβ) peptide has been linked to the pathology of Alzheimer's disease. A variety of soluble oligomers have been observed to be toxic, ranging from dimers to protofibrils. No tertiary structure has been identified as a single biologically relevant form, though many models are comprised of highly ordered ...
Hunger Matthias - - 2012
Health-related quality of life (HRQL) has become an increasingly important outcome parameter in clinical trials and epidemiological research. HRQL scores are typically bounded at both ends of the scale and often highly skewed. Several regression techniques have been proposed to model such data in cross-sectional studies, however, methods applicable in ...
Fry John S - - 2012
Reduced FEV1 is known to predict increased lung cancer risk, but previous reviews are limited. To quantify this relationship more precisely, and study heterogeneity, we derived estimates of β for the relationship RR(diff) = exp(βdiff), where diff is the reduction in FEV1 expressed as a percentage of predicted (FEV1%P) and ...
Zhang Lin - - 2012
DNA methylation occurs in the context of a CpG dinucleotide. It is an important epigenetic modification, which can be inherited through cell division. The two major types of methylation include hypomethylation and hypermethylation. Unique methylation patterns have been shown to exist in diseases including various types of cancer. DNA methylation ...
Laliberté Etienne - - 2012
Litter decomposition rate (k) is typically estimated from proportional litter mass loss data using models that assume constant, normally distributed errors. However, such data often show non-normal errors with reduced variance near bounds (0 or 1), potentially leading to biased k estimates. We compared the performance of nonlinear regression using ...
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