Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 2046
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Tao Dapeng - - 2014
In recent years, person reidentification has received growing attention with the increasing popularity of intelligent video surveillance. This is because person reidentification is critical for human tracking with multiple cameras. Recently, keep it simple and straightforward (KISS) metric learning has been regarded as a top level algorithm for person reidentification. ...
Mani Dalhia D HEC - - 2014
A central theme of economic sociology has been to highlight the complexity and diversity of real world markets, but many network models of economic social structure ignore this feature and rely instead on stylized one-dimensional characterizations. Here, the authors return to the basic insight of structural diversity in economic sociology. ...
Ghaedi M M Department of Chemistry, Yasouj University, Yasouj 75918-74831, Iran. Electronic address: - - 2014
The influence of variables, namely initial dye concentration, adsorbent dosage (g), stirrer speed (rpm) and contact time (min) on the removal of methyl orange (MO) by gold nanoparticles loaded on activated carbon (Au-NP-AC) and Tamarisk were investigated using multiple linear regression (MLR) and artificial neural network (ANN) and the variables ...
DeGrandi-Hoffman Gloria G Carl Hayden Bee Research Center, USDA-ARS, 2000 East Allen Road, Tucson, AZ, 85719, USA, - - 2014
Varroa (Varroa destuctor Anderson and Trueman) populations in honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) colonies might be kept at low levels by well-timed miticide applications. HopGuard(®) (HG) that contains beta plant acids as the active ingredient was used to reduce mite populations. Schedules for applications of the miticide that could maintain ...
Stier Adrian C - - 2014
Trophic island biogeography theory predicts that the effects of predators on prey diversity are context dependent in heterogeneous landscapes. Specifically, models predict that the positive effect of habitat area on prey diversity should decline in the presence of predators, and that predators should modify the partitioning of alpha and beta ...
Galvis Diana M DM Departamento de Estatística, IMECC-UNICAMP, Campinas, São Paulo, - - 2014
Continuous (clustered) proportion data often arise in various domains of medicine and public health where the response variable of interest is a proportion (or percentage) quantifying disease status for the cluster units, ranging between zero and one. However, because of the presence of relatively disease-free as well as heavily diseased ...
Messner Michael J MJ Office of Water, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, - - 2014
This study utilizes old and new Norovirus (NoV) human challenge data to model the dose-response relationship for human NoV infection. The combined data set is used to update estimates from a previously published beta-Poisson dose-response model that includes parameters for virus aggregation and for a beta-distribution that describes variable susceptibility ...
Panero L M LM Università degli Studi dell'Insubria, 22100 Como, - - 2014
The internal alpha dose assessment (ICRP 65, 1994) depends on the value of the equilibrium factor F. This parameter is generally not measured and a mean conventional value ranging between 0.4 and 0.6 is assumed, possibly leading to a significant bias in the dose assessments. In this paper, a method ...
Hernández-Ceballos M A MA Department of Applied Physics, University of Huelva, Huelva, Spain, - - 2014
Airborne pollen transport at micro-, meso-gamma and meso-beta scales must be studied by atmospheric models, having special relevance in complex terrain. In these cases, the accuracy of these models is mainly determined by the spatial resolution of the underlying meteorological dataset. This work examines how meteorological datasets determine the results ...
Amato Ernesto E Section of Radiological Sciences, Department Biomedical Sciences and of Morphologic and Functional Imaging, University of Messina, Messina, - - 2014
To assess the radiation burden of non-human living organisms, dose coefficients are available in the literature, precalculated by assuming an ellipsoidal shape of each organism. A previously developed analytical method was applied for the determination of absorbed fractions inside ellipsoidal volumes from alpha, beta, and gamma radiations to the calculation ...
Wang Xiao-Feng XF Department of Quantitative Health Sciences/Biostatistics Section, Cleveland Clinic Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland, OH, 44195, - - 2014
Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is a quantitative magnetic resonance imaging technique that measures the three-dimensional diffusion of water molecules within tissue through the application of multiple diffusion gradients. This technique is rapidly increasing in popularity for studying white matter properties and structural connectivity in the living human brain. One of ...
Cao Teng - - 2014
The fatigue that users suffer when using steady-state visual evoked potential (SSVEP)-based brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) can cause a number of serious problems such as signal quality degradation and system performance deterioration, users' discomfort and even risk of photosensitive epileptic seizures, posing heavy restrictions on the applications of SSVEP-based BCIs. Towards ...
Yang Jinzhong J Department of Radiation Physics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas. Electronic address: - - 2014
To develop a new approach for interobserver variability analysis. Eight radiation oncologists specializing in breast cancer radiation therapy delineated a patient's left breast "from scratch" and from a template that was generated using deformable image registration. Three of the radiation oncologists had previously received training in Radiation Therapy Oncology Group ...
Höcht Christian C Universidad de Buenos Aires, School of Pharmacy and Biochemistry, Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica, Department of Pharmacology , Junín 956, (C1113AAD) Buenos Aires , Argentina +54 11 4964 8265 ; +54 11 4508 3645 ; - - 2014
Introduction: β-blocker therapy plays an important role in the treatment of various diseases, including hypertension, myocardial infarction and heart failure. Although all β-blockers shared their ability to competitively block β1-adrenoceptor, this therapeutic class showed great heterogeneity in their pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) properties. Areas covered: The present review describes ...
Sun Deqiang - - 2014
Bisulfite sequencing (BS-seq) is the gold standard for studying genome-wide DNA methylation. We developed MOABS to increase the speed, accuracy, statistical power and biological relevance of BS-seq data analysis. MOABS detects differential methylation with 10-fold coverage at single-CpG resolution based on a Beta-Binomial hierarchical model and is capable of processing ...
Mroczek Dariusz D 1Chair of Motor Activity, University School of Physical Education, Wroclaw, Poland 2Faculty of Physical Education and Physiotherapy, Opole University of Technology, - - 2014
The present study aims to assess motor activity of volleyball players using an original video recording method developed by the authors. 28 volleyball players taking part in four matches of the Polish Volleyball League were examined. The recorded data were analyzed in view of the mean total distance covered by ...
Demetrashvili Nino N 1Department of Epidemiology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, RB Groningen, the - - 2014
Confidence intervals for intraclass correlation coefficients in agreement studies with continuous outcomes are model-specific and no generic approach exists. This paper provides two generic approaches for intraclass correlation coefficients of the form $$\sum _{q=1}^{Q}{\sigma }_{q}^{2}/(\sum _{q=1}^{Q}{\sigma }_{q}^{2}+\sum _{p=Q+1}^{P}{\sigma }_{p}^{2})$$. The first approach uses Satterthwaite's approximation and an F-distribution. The second ...
Kim Jae-Kwan JK Vorononi Diagram Research Center, Hanyang University, - - 2014
Molecular external structure is important for molecular function, with voids on the surface and interior being one of the most important features. Hence, recognition of molecular voids and accurate computation of their geometrical properties, such as volume, area and topology, are crucial, yet most popular algorithms are based on the ...
Wynveen A A School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, - - 2014
Some statistical features of steady states of a Kauffman-like model for prebiotic evolution are reported from computational studies. We postulate that the interesting "lifelike" states will be characterized by a nonequilibrium distribution of species and a time variable species self-correlation function. Selecting only such states from the population of final ...
Gowda Karna K Department of Engineering Sciences and Applied Mathematics, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208, - - 2014
A feature common to many models of vegetation pattern formation in semiarid ecosystems is a sequence of qualitatively different patterned states, "gaps → labyrinth → spots," that occurs as a parameter representing precipitation decreases. We explore the robustness of this "standard" sequence in the generic setting of a bifurcation problem ...
Chaimovich Aviel A Department of Chemical Engineering, University of California, Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, California 93106-5080, - - 2014
The hydrophobic interaction manifests two separate regimes in terms of size: Small nonpolar bodies exhibit a weak oscillatory force (versus distance) while large nonpolar surfaces exhibit a strong monotonic one. This crossover in hydrophobic behavior is typically explained in terms of water's tetrahedral structure: Its tetrahedrality is enhanced near small ...
Meaney Christopher - - 2014
In biomedical research, response variables are often encountered which have bounded support on the open unit interval - (0,1). Traditionally, researchers have attempted to estimate covariate effects on these types of response data using linear regression. Alternative modelling strategies may include: beta regression, variable-dispersion beta regression, and fractional logit regression ...
Choi Yongju - - 2014
The validity of a hydrophobic organic contaminant mass transfer model to predict the effectiveness of in-situ AC treatment under stagnant sediment-AC contact is studied for different contaminants and sediments. The modeling results and data from a previous 24-month column study experiment of uptake in polyethylene samplers are within a factor ...
Wang Xiaoyan - - 2014
Among the methods of parallel magnetic resonance imaging (PMRI), Generalized Auto-calibrating Partially Parallel Acquisitions (GRAPPA) technique reconstructs the missing k-space data by a set of weights, which are derived from auto-calibration signal (ACS) lines acquired in parallel to the reduced lines. In this paper, a novel hybrid method is proposed ...
Martin Andrew A NHS Greater Manchester Commissioning Support Unit, Salford, Manchester, - - 2014
Background: Generic losartan provides an opportunity to enhance angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) prescribing efficiency, with all ARBs essentially being similar. Initially, there was limited activity in NHS Bury (UK). This changed in March 2011 with therapeutic switching and other measures encouraging the prescribing of losartan following generics to enhance its ...
Legendre Pierre P Département de Sciences Biologiques, Université de Montréal, , C.P. 6128, Succursale Centre-ville, Montréal, Québec, Canada , H3C 3J7, Laboratoire des Sciences de l'Environnement Marin (LEMAR), UMR CNRS 6539, Institut Universitaire Européen de la Mer, Université de Bretagne Occidentale, , rue Dumont d'Urville, Plouzané 29280, - - 2014
This review focuses on the analysis of temporal beta diversity, which is the variation in community composition along time in a study area. Temporal beta diversity is measured by the variance of the multivariate community composition time series and that variance can be partitioned using appropriate statistical methods. Some of ...
Otani Koichi - - 2014
It has been suggested that interpersonal sensitivity, a personality trait associated with depression and anxiety disorders, is linked with attachment insecurity. To confirm this link, we studied the correlations of interpersonal sensitivity with working models of the self and other. The subjects were 301 healthy Japanese. Interpersonal sensitivity and working ...
Montero-Marin Jesus J Faculty of Health Sciences and Sports, University of Zaragoza, Huesca, Spain ; Department of Psychiatry, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain ; REDIAPP "Red de Investigación en Actividades Preventivas y Promoción de la Salud" (Research Network on Preventative Activities and Health Promotion), Zaragoza, - - 2014
Burnout occurs when professionals use ineffective coping strategies to try to protect themselves from work-related stress. The dimensions of 'overload', 'lack of development' and 'neglect', belonging to the 'frenetic', 'under-challenged' and 'worn-out' subtypes, respectively, comprise a brief typological definition of burnout. The aim of the present study was to estimate ...
Marcon Eric E AgroParisTech, UMR Écologie des Forêts de Guyane, Kourou Cedex, - - 2014
Traditional measures of diversity, namely the number of species as well as Simpson's and Shannon's indices, are particular cases of Tsallis entropy. Entropy decomposition, i.e. decomposing gamma entropy into alpha and beta components, has been previously derived in the literature. We propose a generalization of the additive decomposition of Shannon ...
Wang Ling L Research Center for Drug Discovery & Institute of Human Virology, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, - - 2014
Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a central controller of cell growth, proliferation, metabolism, and angiogenesis. Thus, there is a great deal of interest in developing clinical drugs based on mTOR. In this paper, in silico models based on multi-scaffolds were developed to predict mTOR inhibitors or non-inhibitors. First 1,264 ...
Raineri Emanuele E Statistical Genomics, Centro Nacional de Análisis Genómico, Barcelona, Catalonia, - - 2014
We apply a known algorithm for computing exactly inequalities between Beta distributions to assess whether a given position in a genome is differentially methylated across samples. We discuss the advantages brought by the adoption of this solution with respect to two approximations (Fisher's test and Z score). The same formalism ...
Tseng Kuo-Kun KK 0000-0002-6258-7009 Harbin Institute of Technology, Shenzhen Graduate School, Shenzhen, - - 2014
In recent years, many approaches have been suggested for Internet and web streaming detection. In this paper, we propose an approach to signal waveform detection for Internet and web streaming, with novel statistical automatons. The system records network connections over a period of time to form a signal waveform and ...
Zheng Bojin B 1] College of Computer Science, South-Central University For Nationalities, Wuhan 430074, China [2] State Key Laboratory of Networking and Switching Technology, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Beijing 100876, China [3] Computer School, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, - - 2014
Real-world networks such as the Internet and WWW have many common traits. Until now, hundreds of models were proposed to characterize these traits for understanding the networks. Because different models used very different mechanisms, it is widely believed that these traits origin from different causes. However, we find that a ...
Erben Ulrike U Department of Medicine I for Gastroenterology, Infectious Disease and Rheumatology, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin Berlin, Germany ; Research Center ImmunoSciences, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin Berlin, - - 2014
Histomorphology remains a powerful routine evaluating intestinal inflammation in animal models. Emphasizing the focus of a given animal study, histopathology can overstate differences between established models. We aimed to systematize histopathological evaluation of intestinal inflammation in mouse models facilitating inter-study comparisons. Samples of all parts of the intestinal tract from ...
Erickson Wallace P WP Western EcoSystems Technology, Inc., Cheyenne, WY, United States of - - 2014
Small passerines, sometimes referred to as perching birds or songbirds, are the most abundant bird group in the United States (US) and Canada, and the most common among bird fatalities caused by collision with turbines at wind energy facilities. We used data compiled from 116 studies conducted in the US ...
Parag Toufiq - - 2014
Pixel and superpixel classifiers have become essential tools for EM segmentation algorithms. Training these classifiers remains a major bottleneck primarily due to the requirement of completely annotating the dataset which is tedious, error-prone and costly. In this paper, we propose an interactive learning scheme for the superpixel classifier for EM ...
Wang Yin Y College of Life Science and Biotechnology, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, - - 2014
Gene regulatory networks (GRNs) coherently coordinate the expressions of genes and control the behaviors of cellular systems. The complexity in modeling a quantitative GRN usually results from inaccurate parameter estimation, which is mostly due to small sample sizes. For better modeling of GRNs, we have designed a small-sample iterative optimization ...
Kang Di D 1] College of Forestry, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, Shaanxi, China [2] The Research Center of Recycle Agricultural Engineering and Technology of Shaanxi Province, Yangling 712100 Shaanxi, - - 2014
This study investigated a typical secondary Betula platyphylla forest in the Ziwuling Mountains, Loess Plateau, China. In the sample plot, the DBH (diameter at breast height) class structure of B. platyphylla was bimodal. Individuals with small and large DBH values were abundant. The DBH structures of Quercus wutaishanica and Pinus ...
Wang Xinhui - - 2014
Non-specific feature selection is a dimension reduction procedure performed prior to cluster analysis of high dimensional molecular data. Not all measured features are expected to show biological variation, so only the most varying are selected for analysis. In DNA methylation studies, DNA methylation is measured as a proportion, bounded between ...
Yin Zi-Wei ZW Department of Biology, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai, P. R. - - 2014
A new genus and species of the subtribe Batrisina from western Sarawak, Bryantinus matangus gen. et sp. n., is described, illustrated, and compared with related taxa. In addition, examination of a small series of batrisine material from Thailand revealed a new country record for Cerochusa cilioceps Yin & Nomura, which ...
Zhang Cuicui C Graduate School of Informatices, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan. - - 2014
Multi-camera networks have gained great interest in video-based surveillance systems for security monitoring, access control, etc. Person re-identification is an essential and challenging task in multi-camera networks, which aims to determine if a given individual has already appeared over the camera network. Individual recognition often uses faces as a trial ...
Kanoatov Mirzo - - 2013
We describe a mathematical approach that enables extraction of kinetic rate constants from thousands of studies conducted over the past two decades with affinity capillary electrophoresis (ACE). Previously, ACE has been used almost exclusively for obtaining equilibrium constants of intermolecular interactions. In this article, we prove that there exists an ...
Noel Yvonnick - - 2013
An unfolding model for continuous bounded responses is proposed, derived both from a hypothetical interpolation response mechanism and from the hypothesis of two opposite sources of item refusal being collapsed. These two sources of refusal are made explicit in a three-component Dirichlet response model and then collapsed to obtain a (two-component) beta response ...
Stanga D D National Institute of R&D for Physics and Nuclear Engineering "HoriaHulubei", IFIN-HH, P.O.Box MG-6, Bucharest-Magurele R-077125, Romania. Electronic address: - - 2013
A simple method has been developed for determining the activity of large-area beta reference sources in anodized aluminum foils. It is based on the modeling of the transmission of beta rays through thin foils in planar geometry using Monte Carlo simulation. The method was checked experimentally and measurement results show ...
Iknayan Kelly J - - 2013
Estimates of species richness and diversity are central to community and macroecology and are frequently used in conservation planning. Commonly used diversity metrics account for undetected species primarily by controlling for sampling effort. Yet the probability of detecting an individual can vary among species, observers, survey methods, and sites. We ...
Havelka Miroslav M Czech Metrology Institute, Inspectorate for Ionizing Radiation, Radiová 1, 102 00 Prague, Czech Republic. Electronic address: - - 2013
The activity of the radionuclide (64)Cu was determined by the efficiency extrapolation method applied to 4π(PC)-γ coincidence counting. The standardisation was performed by software coincidence counting-a digital method for primary activity measurement that simplifies the setting of optimal coincidence parameters. The γ-ray-energy window, characterised by identical gamma detection efficiency related ...
Lee Chang-Hyun - - 2013
The sylvian arachnoid cyst (AC) is a common benign disease; however, it sometimes leads to subdural or intracystic hemorrhage without major trauma. The reason of easy bleeding of the AC is not fully understood. The purpose of this study was to investigate the bleeding mechanism of the sylvian AC in ...
Hardy J C - - 2013
Because of angular-momentum conservation, superallowed β decay between 0(+) analog states involves only the vector part of the weak interaction, so its measured ft value can be used to determine the vector coupling constant, GV. If many such transitions are measured, then the constancy of GV can be established and ...
Battisti Sabrina - - 2013
In May 2005, beta-hexachlorocyclohexane (β-HCH) was found in a sample of bovine bulk milk from a farm in the Sacco River valley (Latium region, central Italy). The primary source of contamination was suspected to be industrial discharge into the environment with the Sacco River as the main mean of dispersion. ...
Wentao Fan - - 2013
A large class of problems can be formulated in terms of the clustering process. Mixture models are an increasingly important tool in statistical pattern recognition and for analyzing and clustering complex data. Two challenging aspects that should be addressed when considering mixture models are how to choose between a set ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >