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Ocaña-González Juan Antonio JA Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Seville, 41012 Seville, - - 2014
The toxicological effects of diverse pollutants typically found on wastewaters of diverse origin (industrial, urban, etc.) have led to regulation of their emission by national and trans-national organizations, and an increasing interest in the development of fast and reliable methods for their analysis. This paper is an up-to-date comprehensive review ...
Szőke I I Institute for Energy Technology, Os Alle 5, NO-1777 Halden, - - 2014
This paper describes the latest developments at the Institute for Energy Technology (IFE) in Norway, in the field of real-time 3D (three-dimensional) radiation risk assessment for the support of work simulation in nuclear environments. 3D computer simulation can greatly facilitate efficient work planning, briefing, and training of workers. It can ...
Fábián F F Institute of Radiochemistry and Radioecology, University of Pannonia, Veszprém, - - 2014
Radon isotopes and their progenies have proven significant role in respiratory tumour formation. In most cases, the radiological effect of one of the radon isotopes (thoron) and its progenies has been neglected together with its measurement technique; however, latest surveys proved that thoron's existence is expectable in flats and in ...
Grant Arthur C AC Department of Neurology, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY 11203, USA; Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY 11203, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Measuring the diagnostic accuracy (DA) of an EEG device is unconventional and complicated by imperfect interrater reliability. We sought to compare the DA of a miniature, wireless, battery-powered EEG device ("microEEG") to a reference EEG machine in emergency department (ED) patients with altered mental status (AMS). Two hundred twenty-five ED ...
Imboden Matthias M Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA. - - 2014
Semiconductor fabs are large, complex industrial sites with costs for a single facility approaching $10B. In this paper we discuss the possibility of putting the entire functionality of such a fab onto a single silicon chip. We demonstrate a path forward where, for certain applications, especially at the nanometer scale, ...
Wang Lu - - 2014
We are investigating spectroscopic devices designed to make in vivo cervical tissue measurements to detect pre-cancerous and cancerous lesions. All devices have the same design and ideally should record identical measurements. However, we observed consistent differences among them. An experiment was designed to study the sources of variation in the ...
Ge Lei L Key Laboratory of Chemical Sensing and Analysis in Universities of Shandong, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, University of Jinan, Jinan, 250022, - - 2014
As an analytical support, paper, being low cost, highly abundant, of high porosity, disposable or biodegradable, and easy to use, store, transport, and print, has excellent chemical compatibility with many applications. Since the first microfluidic paper-based analytical device (μ-PAD or lab-on-paper) was proposed, the paper-based assay has never attracted as ...
Azimian Hamidreza - - 2014
In this paper, a novel formulation for robust surgical planning of robotics-assisted minimally invasive cardiac surgery based on patient-specific preoperative images is proposed. In this context, robustness is quantified in terms of the likelihood of intraoperative collisions and of joint limit violations. The proposed approach provides a more accurate and ...
Calculator Stephen N - - 2014
PURPOSE Describe communication patterns and outcomes of AAC intervention for individuals with Angelman Syndrome. METHOD Parents self-administered a web-based survey using Qualtrics software. A series of rating scales and closed questions were used to gather information about individuals' current methods of communication, including AAC devices they were using. Individuals' uses ...
Kim Ki Joon KJ 1 Department of Interaction Science, Sungkyunkwan University , Seoul, South Korea - - 2014
Abstract This study explores the psychological effects of screen size on smartphone adoption by proposing an extended Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) that integrates an empirical comparison between large and small screens with perceived control, affective quality, and the original TAM constructs. A structural equation modeling analysis was conducted on data ...
Friston Sebastian S University College - - 2014
Latency of interactive computer systems is a product of the processing, transport and synchronisation delays inherent to the components that create them. In a virtual environment (VE) system, latency is known to be detrimental to a user's sense of immersion, physical performance and comfort level. Accurately measuring the latency of ...
Seitz Linsey C LC Department of Chemical Engineering, Stanford University, 381 North-South Axis, Stanford, CA 94305 (USA) - - 2014
Photoelectrochemical (PEC) water splitting is a means to store solar energy in the form of hydrogen. Knowledge of practical limits for this process can help researchers assess their technology and guide future directions. We develop a model to quantify loss mechanisms in PEC water splitting based on the current state ...
Hoffman Laura L School of Community Health, Charles Sturt University , Albury, NSW , - - 2014
With increasing multiculturalism, speech-language pathologists (SLPs) are likely to work with stuttering clients from linguistic backgrounds that differ from their own. No research to date has estimated SLPs' reliability when measuring severity of stuttering in an unfamiliar language. Therefore, this study was undertaken to estimate the reliability of SLPs' use ...
Ai Xiaoni X Beijing Key Laboratory for Microanalytical Methods and Instrumentation, Department of Chemistry, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China. - - 2014
Caenorhabditis elegans is a widely used model organism to study development, aging and behavior. Many of these biological studies require staging a large number of worms to assay a synchronized population of animals. Conventional synchronization techniques such as manual picking, gravity stratification and chemical bleaching are labor-intensive and could perturb ...
Coltro Wendell Karlos Tomazeli WK Instituto de Química, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia-GO, Brazil; Instituto Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia de Bioanalítica, Campinas-SP, - - 2014
The use of inexpensive materials and cost-effective manufacturing processes for mass production of microfluidic devices is very attractive and has spurred a variety of approaches. Such devices are particularly suited for diagnostic applications in limited resource settings. This review describes the recent and remarkable advances in the use of low-cost ...
Lee Hopin H Centre for Health, Activity and Rehabilitation Research, School of Physiotherapy, University of Otago, Dunedin, New - - 2014
Mobile technologies are steadily replacing traditional assessment approaches for the recognition and assessment of a sports concussion. Their ease of access, while facilitating the early identification of a concussion, also raises issues regarding the content of the applications (apps) and their suitability for different user groups. To locate and review ...
Maskooki Arash - - 2014
Energy is scarce in mobile computing devices including wearable and implantable devices in a wireless body area network. In this work, an adaptive routing protocol is developed and analyzed which minimizes the energy cost per bit of information by using the channel information to choose the best strategy to route ...
Elghafghuf Adel A Centre for Veterinary Epidemiological Research, University of Prince Edward Island, Charlottetown, PEI C1A 4P3, Canada; Department of Statistics, Faculty of Science, University of Misurata, P.O. Box 2478, Misurata, Libya. Electronic address: - - 2014
A cross-classified and multiple membership Cox model was applied to calf mortality data from Western Canada, where 23,409 calves from 174 herds were followed for up to 180 days after calving. The herds were cross-classified by 49 veterinary clinics and 9 ecological regions and in a multiple membership relation to ...
Hefner Joseph T JT Joint POW/MIA Accounting Command, Central Identification Laboratory, 310 Worchester Ave. BLDG 45, Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam, HI - - 2014
Ancestry assessments using cranial morphoscopic traits currently rely on subjective trait lists and observer experience rather than empirical support. The trait list approach, which is untested, unverified, and in many respects unrefined, is relied upon because of tradition and subjective experience. Our objective was to examine the utility of frequently ...
Asdís Magnúsdóttir M 1Department of Physiotherapy, University of Iceland. 2School of Science and Engineering, Reykjavik - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to compare the accuracy of three devices for measuring jump heights of subjects with a range of abilities. The methods used were an accelerometer based technique (KineJump), a contact mat (Newtest powertimer 300 series) and the Vertec measurement device. The reference method used was ...
Adunlin Georges G Division of Economic, Social and Administrative Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Florida A&M University, Tallahassee, FL, - - 2014
There has been a growing interest in the development and application of alternative decision-making frameworks within health care, including multicriteria decision analysis (MCDA). Even though the literature includes several reviews on MCDA methods, applications of MCDA in oncology are lacking. The aim of this paper is to discuss a rationale ...
Bonnechère Bruno B 1 Laboratory of Anatomy, Biomechanics, and Organogenesis, Université Libre de Bruxelles , Brussels, Belgium - - 2014
Abstract Background: The Kinect™ (Microsoft™, Redmond, WA) sensor, originally developed for gaming purposes, may have interesting possibilities for other fields such as posture and motion assessment. The ability of the Kinect sensor to perform biomechanical measurements has previously been studied and shows promising results. However, interday repeatability of the device ...
Smieszek Timo - - 2014
Contact surveys and diaries have conventionally been used to measure contact networks in different settings for elucidating infectious disease transmission dynamics of respiratory infections. More recently, technological advances have permitted the use of wireless sensor devices, which can be worn by individuals interacting in a particular social context to record ...
Ashcraft Christine M CM Department of Clinical Nutrition, Department of Nursing, Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, - - 2014
Background: Indirect calorimetry is an accurate way to measure resting metabolic rate. The Deltatrac Metabolic Monitor is considered a criterion standard but is no longer manufactured. New-generation indirect calorimeters have been introduced, but there are limited published validation data comparing these devices to criterion instruments. Materials and Methods: A prospective, ...
Bossema Ercolie R ER Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Utrecht University , Utrecht , the - - 2014
Abstract The shortage of sperm donors in formal settings (i.e., assisted reproduction clinics) and the availability of sperm donors in informal settings (such as through contacts on the internet) motivated us to investigate why men may prefer either a formal or an informal setting for sperm donation. Interviews with ten ...
Hahne J M - - 2014
In recent years the number of active controllable joints in electrically powered hand-prostheses has increased significantly. However, the control strategies for these devices in current clinical use are inadequate as they require separate and sequential control of each degree-of-freedom (DoF). In this study we systematically compare linear and nonlinear regression ...
Wu Tsung-Yu - - 2014
Using the trickle-down model as the theoretical foundation, we explored whether subordinates' perceived supervisory non-work support (subordinates' PSNS) mediates the relationship between supervisors' perception of higher-level managers' non-work support (supervisors' PSNS) and subordinates' organizational citizenship behaviors. Using dyadic data collected from 132 employees and their immediate supervisors, we found support ...
Ogawa K K Department of Complexity Science and Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba, - - 2014
A thermal control system is being developed for scientific instruments placed on the lunar surface. This thermal control system, Lunar Mission Survival Module (MSM), was designed for scientific instruments that are planned to be operated for over a year in the future Japanese lunar landing mission SELENE-2. For the long-term ...
Werneke Julia - - 2014
The aim of the study was to investigate the influence of different driving scenarios (urban, rural, highway) on the timing required by drivers from a two-stage warning system, based on car-to-car communication. Car-to-car communication systems are designed to inform drivers of potential hazards at an early stage, before they are ...
Polans James - - 2014
We report on an algorithm for fast wavefront sensing that incorporates sparse representation for the first time in practice. The partial derivatives of optical wavefronts were sampled sparsely with a Shack-Hartman wavefront sensor (SHWFS) by randomly subsampling the original SHWFS data to as little as 5%. Reconstruction was performed by ...
Weber Sabrina - - 2014
Isoflurane-anaesthesia combined with an analgesic represents a welfare-friendly method of pain mitigation for castration of piglets. However, it requires an inhaler device, which is uneconomic for small farms. Sharing a device among farms may be an economical option if the shared use does not increase labour time and the resulting ...
Denton John S S JS Department of Ichthyology and Richard Gilder Graduate School, American Museum of Natural History, 200 Central Park West, New York, NY, 10024, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Fishes of the order Myctophiformes (Teleostei; Scopelomorpha) comprise over half of all deep-sea biomass, and are a critical component of marine ecosystems worldwide. Members of the family Myctophidae, within Myctophiformes, form the majority of species diversity within the order (∼250 species, 33 genera, 2 subfamilies), and are further known for ...
Kim Sungho - - 2014
Memristors have been proposed for a number of applications from non-volatile memory to neuromorphic systems. Unlike conventional devices based solely on electron transport, memristors operate on the principle of resistive switching (RS) based on redistribution of ions. To date, a number of experimental and modeling studies have been reported to ...
Hee Lene L Institute of Clinical Medicine, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, - - 2014
We thank Fuchs, Pomorski and Zimmer for their positive responses to our article "Quantitative sonoelastography of the uterine cervix by interposition of a synthetic reference material" (1). We are glad that they see the clinical potential of our method. We are continuing our work with quantitative elastography and are developing ...
Kersaudy-Kerhoas M M Institute of Biological Chemistry, Biochemistry and Bioengineering, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, United - - 2014
Recent progress in the field of genetic engineering has opened up the door to novel synthetic biology applications. Microfluidic technology has been emphasized as a key technology to support the development of these applications. While several important synthetic biology protocols have been developed in microfluidic format, no study has yet ...
Tedesco Sara - - 2014
In order to cope with the increasing demand for fishery products, sensitive technological tools are required to ensure high quality and wholesomeness and to monitor their production process in a sustainable manner while complying with the strict standards imposed by regulatory authorities. Proteomics may assist the industry as it allows ...
Danziger Zachary Z Fitzpatrick Center for Interdisciplinary Engineering, Medicine and Applied Sciences (CIEMAS), Duke University, 100 & 101 Science Drive, Campus Box 90281, Durham, NC, 27710, USA, - - 2014
The complexity and scale of brain-computer interface (BCI) studies limit our ability to investigate how humans learn to use BCI systems. It also limits our capacity to develop adaptive algorithms needed to assist users with their control. Adaptive algorithm development is forced offline and typically uses static data sets. But ...
Benevicius Vincas V Kaunas University of Technology, Studentų g. 65, 51369 Kaunas, - - 2014
According to World Health Organization obesity is one of the greatest public health challenges of the 21st century. It has tripled since the 1980s and the numbers of those affected continue to rise at an alarming rate, especially among children. There are number of devices that act as a prevention ...
Zhao Y Y Department of Cytogenetics and Genome Analysis, Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research (IPK), Gatersleben, - - 2014
Based on data from field trials with a large collection of 135 elite winter wheat inbred lines and 1604 F1 hybrids derived from them, we compared the accuracy of prediction of marker-assisted selection and current genomic selection approaches for the model traits heading time and plant height in a cross-validation ...
Vernillo Gianluca G Department of Neurological and Movement Sciences, University of Verona, Verona, - - 2014
Accurate assessments of physical activity and energy expenditure (EE) are needed to advance research on positive and negative graded walking. To evaluate the validity of two SenseWear™ Armband monitors (Pro3 and the recently released Mini) during graded walking. Twenty healthy adults wore both monitors during randomized walking activities on a ...
Hulse E E Pharmacology, Toxicology and Therapeutics, Centre for Cardiovascular Science, Queens Medical Research Institute, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, - - 2014
The administration of test substances into a single lung, or lung lobe, allows the remaining untreated lung to act as an experimental control and effectively halves the number of animals required in a given experiment. It reduces the likelihood of early fatal pulmonary failure when noxious substances are studied which ...
Henry Joseph J University of Edinburgh, - - 2014
The degrees of freedom of a crowd is much higher than that provided by a standard user input device. Typically, crowd-control systems require multiple passes to design crowd movements by specifying waypoints, and then defining character trajectories and crowd formation. Such multi-pass control would spoil the responsiveness and excitement of ...
McJunkin Timothy R TR Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, Idaho 83415, - - 2014
A novel sample mount design with integrated fiducial marks and software for assisting operators in easily and efficiently locating points of interest established in previous analytical sessions is described. The sample holder and software were evaluated with experiments to demonstrate the utility and ease of finding the same points of ...
Deng Wan-Yu WY School of Computer Science and Technology, Xian University of Posts & Telecommunications, 710121, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Activity recognition based on mobile embedded accelerometer is very important for developing human-centric pervasive applications such as healthcare, personalized recommendation and so on. However, the distribution of accelerometer data is heavily affected by varying users. The performance will degrade when the model trained on one person is used to others. ...
Melles S J SJ Trent University, Peterborough, ON, K9J 4B8, Canada, - - 2014
Conservation and management of fresh flowing waters involves evaluating and managing effects of cumulative impacts on the aquatic environment from disturbances such as: land use change, point and nonpoint source pollution, the creation of dams and reservoirs, mining, and fishing. To assess effects of these changes on associated biotic communities ...
López Marga M Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Castelldefels, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Monitoring of the moisture and temperature of composting process is a key factor to obtain a quality product beyond the quality of raw materials. Current methodologies for monitoring these two parameters are time consuming for workers, sometimes not sufficiently reliable to help decision-making and thus are ignored in some cases. ...
Fobel Ryan R Institute for Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering, University of Toronto, 164 College St., Toronto, ON, M5S 3E1, - - 2014
The first example of so-called "digital microfluidics" (DMF) implemented on paper by inkjet printing is reported. A sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) is demonstrated as an example of a complex, multistep protocol that would be difficult to achieve with capillary-driven paper microfluidics. Furthermore, it is shown that paper-based DMF devices ...
Westerveld Marleen F MF Griffith University , Gold Coast, QLD , - - 2014
A national online survey was used to investigate spontaneous language sampling and analysis practices by speech-language pathologists working with children and adolescents. A total of 257 responses were received from clinicians around Australia. Results indicated that spontaneous language samples are collected on a routine basis in elicitation contexts deemed appropriate ...
Marsden Alison L AL Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, - - 2014
Ventricular assist devices (VADs) provide mechanical circulatory support to offload the work of one or both ventricles during heart failure. They are used in the clinical setting as destination therapy, as bridge to transplant, or more recently as bridge to recovery to allow for myocardial remodeling. Recent developments in computational ...
Zhang Yun - - 2014
Microfluidic paper-based analytical devices (μPADs) are a growing class of low-cost chemo/biosensing technologies designed for point-of-use applications. In this article, we describe MTWP (movable-type wax printing), a facile method for the fabrication of μPADs. MTWP is inspired by the Chinese movable-type printing and requires only a hotplate and home-made small ...
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