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Ni Ying Y a Key Laboratory of Road and Traffic Engineering of the Ministry of Education , Tongji University , Shanghai , - - 2014
Objective: Rear-end accidents are the most common accident type at signalized intersections, because the diversity of actions taken increases due to signal change. Green signal countdown devices (GSCDs), which have been widely installed in Asia, are thought to have the potential of improving capacity and reducing accidents, but some negative ...
Bao Gang G Department of Biomedical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology and Emory University, Atlanta, GA, - - 2014
Over decades, the theoretical and applied mechanics community has developed sophisticated approaches for analysing the behaviour of complex engineering systems. Most of these approaches have targeted systems in the transportation, materials, defence and energy industries. Applying and further developing engineering approaches for understanding, predicting and modulating the response of complicated ...
Johnson Marquell - - 2014
Abstract Self-reported physical activity (PA) behavior with assistance from a secondary source has previously been used with adults with an intellectual disability (ID). Limited evidence of reliability and validity have been provided for this approach. This study examined evidence of convergent (CV) and discriminant (DV) validity for self-report with assistance ...
Borsci Simone S Human Factors Research Group, Faculty of Engineering, The University of Nottingham, University Park, NG7 2RD, Nottingham, - - 2014
Before releasing a product, manufacturers have to follow a regulatory framework and meet standards, producing reliable evidence that the device presents low levels of risk in use. There is, though, a gap between the needs of the manufacturers to conduct usability testing while managing their costs, and the requirements of ...
Langley Ivor I Department of Clinical Sciences and Centre for Applied Health Research and Delivery,Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine,Liverpool L3 - - 2014
SUMMARY Research and innovation in the diagnosis of infectious and parasitic diseases has led to the development of several promising diagnostic tools, for example in malaria there is extensive literature concerning the use of rapid diagnostic tests. This means policymakers in many low and middle income countries need to make ...
Tanimura Kazuya K Department of Respiratory Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kawahara 54, Shogoin, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8507, - - 2014
Since commercial forced oscillation technique (FOT) devices became available, they have been widely used for physiological assessments, mainly of obstructive lung diseases. However, it is not known whether the impedance values measured with different devices are identical. In this study, two FOT devices-the impulse oscillometry system (IOS) and the MostGraph ...
Sun Tao T State Key Laboratory for Turbulence and Complex System, Department of Mechanics and Engineering Science, College of Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, - - 2014
We present a simple chain model for ballistic-diffusive heat transfer in heterogeneous nanostructures connected by atomistic interfaces, which are under extensive investigation for nanoscale heat transfer control. Heat transfer in typical heterogeneous nanostructures, including junctions with a single interface, multi-layered SiGe-Si systems, and nanocrystal arrays, can be well reproduced by ...
Huang Haiyao H Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Boston University, Boston, MA 02215, USA. - - 2014
One goal of synthetic biology is to design and build genetic circuits in living cells for a range of applications. Major challenges in these efforts include increasing the scalability and robustness of engineered biological systems and streamlining and automating the synthetic biology workflow of specification-design-assembly-verification. We present here a summary ...
Tang Fei F State Key Laboratory of Precision Measurement Technology and Instruments, Department of Precision Instruments and Mechanology, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, People's Republic of - - 2014
The cataluminescence (CTL)-based sensor is a new promising type of chemical transducer, and has attracted much attention of researchers for its potential versatile applications in public safety, emission control and environmental protection. In this review, we briefly introduce the development history of CTL-based sensors and summarize existing explanations of the ...
Guillerm Vincent V Functional Materials Design, Discovery and Development (FMD3), Advanced Membranes and Porous Materials Center, Division of Physical Sciences and Engineering, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Thuwal 23955-6900, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. - - 2014
In this review, we describe two recently implemented conceptual approaches facilitating the design and deliberate construction of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), namely supermolecular building block (SBB) and supermolecular building layer (SBL) approaches. Our main objective is to offer an appropriate means to assist/aid chemists and material designers alike to rationally construct ...
Manfredini D D TMD Clinic, Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Padova, Padova, - - 2014
This study systematically reviews the sleep bruxism (SB) literature published in the MEDLINE and Scopus databases to answer the following question: What is the validity of the different portable instrumental devices that have been proposed to measure SB if compared with polysomnographic (PSG) recordings assumed as the gold standard? Four ...
Gu Xiuzhu X Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, Graduate School of Decision Science and Technology, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo, - - 2014
This paper describes the development of a haemodialysis error taxonomy system for analysing incidents and predicting the safety status of a dialysis organisation. The error taxonomy system was developed by adapting an error taxonomy system which assumed no specific specialty to haemodialysis situations. Its application was conducted with 1,909 incident ...
Jing Xia X Laboratory for Informatics Development, NIH Clinical Center and National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA, - - 2014
When clinicians use electronic health record (EHR) systems, their ability to obtain general knowledge is often an important contribution to their ability to make more informed decisions. In this paper we describe a method by which an external, formal representation of clinical and molecular genetic knowledge can be integrated into ...
Krieger Elmar E CMBI, Route 260, NCMLS, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, PO Box 9101, 6500 HB Nijmegen, The Netherlands - - 2014
Today's graphics processing units (GPUs) compose the scene from individual triangles. Since about 320 triangles are needed to approximate a single sphere - an atom - in a convincing way, visualizing larger proteins with atomic details requires tens of millions of triangles, far too many for smooth interactive frame rates. ...
Kohlmann Martin M Peter L. Reichertz Institute for Medical Informatics, University of Braunschweig - Institute of Technology and Hannover Medical School , Braunschweig , - - 2014
Background: When applying health-enabling technologies (HET), researchers are faced with analyzing highly intensive, multimodal and heterogeneous data sets. Experience has shown that there is a lack of understanding concerning the relationship of analysis methods suitable for such data sets and their appropriate application. Objectives: The objective of this paper is ...
Dos Santos Thiago Ramos TR SENAI Institute of Innovation in Embedded Systems, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
One of the main challenges in computer-assisted soft tissue surgery is the registration of multi-modal patient-specific data for enhancing the surgeon's navigation capabilities by observing beyond exposed tissue surfaces. A new approach to marker-less guidance involves capturing the intra-operative patient anatomy with a range image device and doing a shape-based ...
Cheng Adam A Department of Paediatrics, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, - - 2014
Debriefing is a common feature of technology-enhanced simulation (TES) education. However, evidence for its effectiveness remains unclear. We sought to characterise how debriefing is reported in the TES literature, identify debriefing features that are associated with improved outcomes, and evaluate the effectiveness of debriefing when combined with TES. We systematically ...
Hooker Roderick S RS Roderick S. Hooker is a retired PA. Ashley N. Muchow is a doctoral student in policy analysis at the Pardee RAND Graduate School in Santa Monica, Calif. The authors have disclosed that they were employees of the Lewin Group, a subsidiary of UnitedHealth. While at the Lewin Group, they were end users of the data and personally involved with upgrading and validating the PA component of Provider 360 - - 2014
A census of physician assistants in the United States is necessary to help legislators make policy decisions about the profession. In 2013, a PA status analysis was undertaken using a novel data source derived from state licensure. The Provider 360 Database was probed for all licensed PAs, and 84,064 were ...
Miller Benjamin T BT Laboratory of Computational Biology, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of - - 2014
This article describes the development, implementation, and use of web-based "lessons" to introduce students and other newcomers to computer simulations of biological macromolecules. These lessons, i.e., interactive step-by-step instructions for performing common molecular simulation tasks, are integrated into the collaboratively developed CHARMM INterface and Graphics (CHARMMing) web user interface (http://www.charmming.org). ...
Deka Biplab B Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Champaign, IL, USA - - 2014
Although computational systems are looking towards post CMOS devices in the pursuit of lower power, the expected inherent unreliability of such devices makes it difficult to design robust systems without additional power overheads for guaranteeing robustness. As such, algorithmic structures with inherent ability to tolerate computational errors are of significant ...
Gams Matjaž M Department of Intelligent Systems, Jožef Stefan Institute, Jamova 39, SI-1000, Ljubljana, - - 2014
We developed a new machine learning-based method in order to facilitate the manufacturing processes of pharmaceutical products, such as tablets, in accordance with the Process Analytical Technology (PAT) and Quality by Design (QbD) initiatives. Our approach combines the data, available from prior production runs, with machine learning algorithms that are ...
Fernandez Ja J Queen's University of Belfast, Centre for Experimental Medicine, Belfast, United - - 2014
Pressure myography studies have played a crucial role in our understanding of vascular physiology and pathophysiology. Such studies depend upon the reliable measurement of changes in the diameter of isolated vessel segments over time. Although several software packages are available to carry out such measurements on arteries and veins, no ...
Chang Jing Jing JJ Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 , Serdang, Selangor, - - 2014
Anaesthesia is a multivariable problem where a combination of drugs are used to induce desired hypnotic, analgesia and immobility states. The automation of anaesthesia may improve the safety and cost-effectiveness of anaesthesia. However, the realization of a safe and reliable multivariable closed-loop control of anaesthesia is yet to be achieved ...
Jain Pradeep P Innovative Waste Consulting Services, LLC, 6628 NW 9th Blvd. Suite 3, Gainesville, FL 32605, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study presents the development of design charts that can be used to estimate lateral and vertical spacing of liquids addition devices (e.g., vertical well, horizontal trenches) and the operating duration needed for transient operating conditions (conditions until steady-state operating conditions are achieved). These design charts should be used in ...
Cruz Zapata Belén B Department of Informatics and Systems, Faculty of Computer Science, Campus de Espinardo - University of Murcia, 30080 - Espinardo, Murcia, Spain, - - 2014
Mobile Personal Health Records (PHRs) have achieved a particularly strong market share since the appearance of more powerful mobile devices and popular worldwide mobile application markets such as Apple's App Store and Android's Google Play. However, Android and Apple have a set of recommendations on design and usability targeted towards ...
Davies Ryan R RR Nemours Cardiac Center, Nemours/A.I. duPont Hospital for Children, Wilmington, Delaware; Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Due to the availability of new devices, the use of ventricular assist devices (VADs) in children has been increasing; however, patient selection and optimal timing of device implantation in this population remains uncertain. A retrospective review of the United Network for Organ Sharing dataset identified 5,200 listings without mechanical circulatory ...
Tvaroška Igor I Department of Chemistry, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, Slovakia; Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Constantine the Philosopher University, SK-949 74 Nitra, Slovakia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Glycosyltransferases catalyze the formation of glycosidic bonds by assisting the transfer of a sugar residue from donors to specific acceptor molecules. Although structural and kinetic data have provided insight into mechanistic strategies employed by these enzymes, molecular modeling studies are essential for the understanding of glycosyltransferase catalyzed reactions at the ...
Huang Helai H School of Traffic & Transportation Engineering, Central South University, Changsha, - - 2014
The safety level of signalized intersection depends greatly on drivers' decision-making behaviors, which are significantly influenced by the time-reminder strategy before amber of the signal device. However, previous related studies are mainly based on the statistical results from the field data rather than explore the influence mechanism of the signal ...
Chanvallon Audrey A Institut de l'Elevage, Paris, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Considerable technological advances have been made in the automated detection of estrus in dairy cattle, but few studies have evaluated their relative performance on the same animals or assessed cow-related factors that affect their performance. Our objective was to assess the performance and reliability of three devices commercially available in ...
Wassell R W RW Department of Restorative Dentistry, The School of Dental Sciences, Framlington Place, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE2 - - 2014
Background Some individuals may now be bypassing their dentists for treatment of bruxism. Self-diagnosed, self-adjusted and self-monitored consumers can access over-the-counter (OTC) bruxism splints via the Internet. While some may regard this market as benefiting consumers there are potential pitfalls that need to be highlighted. These include unevidenced claims of ...
Chate Robert R Consultant Orthodontist, Colchester Hospital University Foundation - - 2014
Background Some individuals may now be bypassing their dentists for treatment of bruxism. Self-diagnosed, self-adjusted and self-monitored consumers can access over-the-counter (OTC) bruxism splints via the Internet. While some may regard this market as benefiting consumers there are potential pitfalls that need to be highlighted. These include unevidenced claims of ...
Luke Barbara B Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan. Electronic address: - - 2014
To develop a model predictive of live-birth rates (LBR) and multiple birth rates (MBR) for an individual considering assisted reproduction technology (ART) using linked cycles from Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology Clinic Outcome Reporting System (SART CORS) for 2004-2011. Longitudinal cohort. Clinic-based data. 288,161 women with an initial autologous cycle, ...
Polat Mehtap M Anatolia IVF and Women's Health Center, Ankara, - - 2014
From the early ages of assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs), different protocols have been developed with different gonadotropin preparations at different dosages with or without gonadotropin releasing hormone agonist or antagonist cotreatment. Various adjuvants have also been incorporated in controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) protocols in an attempt to increase the efficacy ...
Tey Li-Sian LS Faculty of Engineering, Architecture and Information Technology, University of Queensland, QLD 4072, Australia; Faculty of Civil Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 13500 Permatang Pauh, Penang, Malaysia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Level crossings are amongst the most complex of road safety issues, due to the addition of rail infrastructure, trains and train operations. The differences in the operational characteristics of different warning devices together with varying crossing, traffic or/and train characteristics, cause different driver behaviour at crossings. This paper compares driver ...
Hasan Nazia N Division of Gastroenterology, New York University Langone Medical Center, New York, New York, - - 2014
Although standard colonoscopy is considered the optimal test to detect adenomas, it can have a significant adenoma miss rate. A major contributing factor to high miss rates is the inability to visualize adenomas behind haustral folds and at anatomic flexures. To compare the diagnostic yield of balloon-assisted colonoscopy versus standard ...
Goldberg Harry H From the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare the ease and accuracy of measuring the surface area of a severe burn through the use of a mobile software application (BurnMed) to the traditional method of assessment, the Lund and Browder chart. BurnMed calculates the surface area of a burn by ...
Hara Masayuki M Department of Precision Engineering, School of Engineering, TheUniversity of Tokyo, Tokyo, 113-8656, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Bodily self-consciousness has become an important topic in cognitive neuroscience aiming to understand how the brain creates a unified sensation of the self in a body. Specifically, Full Body Illusion (FBI) in which changes in bodily self-consciousness are experimentally introduced using visual-tactile stimulation has led to improve understanding of these ...
Yang Jingyu - - 2014
This paper proposes an adaptive color-guided autoregressive (AR) model for high quality depth recovery from low quality measurements captured by depth cameras. We observe and verify that the AR model tightly fits depth maps of generic scenes. The depth recovery task is formulated into a minimization of AR prediction errors ...
Davis Gavin R GR USF Healh Morsani School of Medicine, Division of Vascular & Endovascular Surgery. Electronic address: - - 2014
and Objectives: The Simbionix Angiomentor Procedure Rehearsal Studio (PRS) offers accurate virtual anatomy for measurement, stent graft selection and deployment of endovascular AAA (EVAR) devices. Selected Gore Excluder EVAR cases from our EVAR database were reviewed and DICOM data loaded into the Simbionix Angiomentor simulator using PRS software. Using centerline ...
- - 2014
Essential facts Infertility means a couple cannot conceive, despite having regular unprotected sex. It is estimated that infertility affects one in seven heterosexual couples in the UK. The charity Infertility Network UK supports people who have been affected emotionally.
Markovic Marko M Department of NeuroRehabilitation Engineering, Bernstein Focus Neurotechnology Göttingen, Bernstein Center for Computational Neuroscience, University Medical Center Göttingen, Georg-August University, D-37075 Göttingen, - - 2014
Objective. Technologically advanced assistive devices are nowadays available to restore grasping, but effective and effortless control integrating both feed-forward (commands) and feedback (sensory information) is still missing. The goal of this work was to develop a user friendly interface for the semi-automatic and closed-loop control of grasping and to test ...
Chan P - - 2014
We present a detailed description of a widely applicable mathematical model for quantum key distribution (QKD) systems implementing the measurement-device-independent (MDI) protocol. The model is tested by comparing its predictions with data taken using a proof-of-principle, time-bin qubit-based QKD system in a secure laboratory environment (i.e. in a setting in ...
Song Xiaoxu X Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, - - 2014
Temperature in ultrasonic vibration-assisted (UV-A) pelleting of cellulosic biomass has a significant impact on pellet quality. However, there are no reports on temperature models for UV-A pelleting of cellulosic biomass. The development of a physics-based temperature model can help to explain experimentally determined relations between UV-A pelleting process variables and ...
Goulko Guennadi G * Bundeswehr Institute of Radiobiology affiliated to the University of Ulm, Neuherbergstr. 11, 80937 Munich, - - 2014
The release of radioactive material due to accidents or terroristic actions can result in radioactive contamination of the environment and may lead to intake and incorporation of radionuclides with the consequence of prolonged radiation exposure. In this case, a decision about countermeasures must be carried out as soon as possible ...
Krajewski Alison A University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, - - 2014
The US Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) relies on survey data to target high risk employers for safety inspections and enforcement. However, OSHA has limited resources and randomly targeting employers for safety inspections as a general strategy is inefficient. In this study, we explore the use of an alternative ...
Pidgeon C C University of Birmingham, Birmingham, - - 2014
Accurate timekeeping in obstetrics is crucially important and has significant clinical and legal implications. Department of Health Guidelines promote a 'bare below the elbows' clinical dress code, emphasising the importance of other timepieces. This audit aimed to assess accuracy of timekeeping devices in the obstetric department in a busy district ...
Shir Ofer M OM Department of Chemistry, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544, - - 2014
Knowledge of the Hessian matrix at the landscape optimum of a controlled physical observable offers valuable information about the system robustness to control noise. The Hessian can also assist in physical landscape characterization, which is of particular interest in quantum system control experiments. The recently developed landscape theoretical analysis motivated ...
Mendoza García A A Faculty of Informatics, Department of Robotics and Embedded Systems, Technische Universität München, Munich, Germany; German Heart Center Munich, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Department of Experimental Surgery, Technische Universität München, Munich, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
The presented work relates to the procedure followed for the automation of a portable extracorporeal circulatory support system. Such a device may help increase the chances of survival after suffering from cardiogenic shock outside the hospital, additionally a controller can provide of optimal organ perfusion, while reducing the workload of ...
Ghaderyan Peyvand P Computational Neuroscience Laboratory, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Sahand University of Technology, Tabriz, Iran. Electronic address: - - 2014
Seizure prediction based on analysis of electroencephalogram signals has generated considerable research interests. A reliable seizure prediction algorithm with minimal computational requirements is prominent issue for medical facilities; however, it has not been addressed correctly. In this study, an optimized novel method is proposed in order to remove computational complexity, ...
Buendia R R Department of Medical Sensors, Signals and Systems, KTH-Royal Institute of Technology, Alfred Nobels Allé 10, SE-14152 Huddinge, Stockholm, Sweden. Department of Signal Theory and Communications, University of Alcala, E-28871, Madrid, Spain. School of Engineering, University of Borås, SE-50190 Borås, - - 2014
The estimation of body fluids is a useful and common practice for assessment of disease status and therapy outcomes. Electrical bioimpedance spectroscopy (EBIS) methods are noninvasive, inexpensive and efficient alternatives for determination of body fluids. One of the main source of errors in EBIS measurements in the estimation of body ...
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