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Peisker Henrik H Functional Morphology and Biomechanics, Zoological Institute, Kiel University, Am Botanischen Garten 1-9, 24118 Kiel, - - 2014
Wet adhesive systems of insects strongly rely for their function on the formation of capillary bridges with the substrate. Studies on the chemical composition and evaporation dynamics of tarsal secretions strongly suggest a difference in chemistry of secretion in beetles and flies, both possessing hairy attachment devices. This difference is ...
Felice Ryan N RN Department of Biological Sciences, 107 Irvine Hall, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio, 45701; Ohio Center for Ecology and Evolutionary Studies, Irvine Hall, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio, - - 2014
Birds are capable of a wide range of aerial locomotor behaviors in part because of the derived structure and function of the avian tail. The tail apparatus consists of a several mobile (free) caudal vertebrae, a terminal skeletal element (the pygostyle), and an articulated fan of tail feathers that may ...
Ni Ying Y a Key Laboratory of Road and Traffic Engineering of the Ministry of Education , Tongji University , Shanghai , - - 2014
Objective: Rear-end accidents are the most common accident type at signalized intersections, because the diversity of actions taken increases due to signal change. Green signal countdown devices (GSCDs), which have been widely installed in Asia, are thought to have the potential of improving capacity and reducing accidents, but some negative ...
Celi Leo A LA aMassachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts bHuntington Medical Research Institutes,Pasadena, California cUniversity of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, Virgina, USA *Dr Leo A. Celi, Dr Marie Csete, and Dr David Stone contributed equally to this - - 2014
The purpose of the review is to describe the evolving concept and role of data as it relates to clinical predictions and decision-making. Critical care medicine is, as an especially data-rich specialty, becoming acutely cognizant not only of its historic deficits in data utilization but also of its enormous potential ...
Constantine Ryan S RS Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, - - 2014
In the treatment and monitoring of a diabetic or chronic wound, accurate and repeatable measurement of the wound provides indispensable data for the patient's medical record. This study aims to measure the accuracy of the laser-assisted wound measurement (LAWM) device against traditional methods in the measurement of area, depth and ...
Yuan Bo - - 2014
The maximum balanced biclique problem (MBBP), an NP-hard combinatorial optimization problem, has been attracting more attention in recent years. Existing node-deletion-based algorithms usually fail to find high-quality solutions due to their easy stagnation in local optima, especially when the scale of the problem grows large. In this paper, a new ...
Rozema Jos J JJ Dept of Ophthalmology, Antwerp University Hospital, Edegem, Belgium; Dept of Medicine and Health Science, University of Antwerp, Wilrijk, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
To present an overview of the measurement errors for various biometric devices, as well as a meta-analysis of the agreement between biometric devices using the Pentacam, Orbscan and IOL Master as a reference. Meta-analysis of the literature METHODS: The meta-analysis is based on data from 216 articles that compare a ...
Gu Bin - - 2014
Support vector ordinal regression (SVOR) is a popular method to tackle ordinal regression problems. However, until now there were no effective algorithms proposed to address incremental SVOR learning due to the complicated formulations of SVOR. Recently, an interesting accurate on-line algorithm was proposed for training ν-support vector classification ( ν-SVC), ...
Haufe Stefan S Fachgebiet Maschinelles Lernen, Technische Universität Berlin, Germany. Bernstein Focus: Neurotechnology, Berlin, Germany. Department of Biomedical Engineering, The City College of New York, - - 2014
Objective. The fact that all human action is preceded by brain processes partially observable through neuroimaging devices such as electroencephalography (EEG) is currently being explored in a number of applications. A recent study by Haufe et al (2011 J. Neural Eng. 8 056001) demonstrates the possibility of performing fast detection ...
Hahn Philipp P Institute of Mechanical Systems (IMES), Department of Mechanical and Process Engineering, ETH Zurich, Tannenstrasse 3, CH-8092 Zurich, Switzerland. - - 2014
We investigate how the combination of numerical simulation tools and optimization routines can be used to design micro-devices. Experimental devices that are designed in this way can only provide optimal performance if the simulation model, used in the optimization procedure, reflects the real device characteristics accurately. Owing to this fact, ...
Cardamone Angelo Stephen AS a Department of Civil Engineering , University of Calabria , Via P. Bucci cubo 46/B 87036 Rende, - - 2014
In the last few years mobile devices have reached a large amount of consumers in both developed and high-growth world economies. In 2013, 97% of the Italian population owns a mobile phone, and 62% owns a smartphone. Application software for mobile devices is largely proposed to consumers, and several mobile ...
Yoshida Naohisa N Department of Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, 465 Kajii-cho, Kawaramachi-Hirokoji, Kamigyo-ku, Kyoto, 602-8566, Japan, - - 2014
Colonoscopic examination is considered an effective examination for the detection of colorectal cancers. Additionally, early colorectal cancers can be resected using endoscopic techniques such as endoscopic mucosal resection and endoscopic submucosal dissection. However, those examinations and treatments need special techniques. Various training methods are practiced to acquire such endoscopic techniques ...
Cheng Bo B State Key Laboratory of Networking and Switching Technology, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Beijing, - - 2014
The complex environment of a coal mine requires the underground environment, devices and miners to be constantly monitored to ensure safe coal production. However, existing coal mines do not meet these coverage requirements because blind spots occur when using a wired network. In this paper, we develop a Web-based, lightweight ...
Bao Gang G Department of Biomedical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology and Emory University, Atlanta, GA, - - 2014
Over decades, the theoretical and applied mechanics community has developed sophisticated approaches for analysing the behaviour of complex engineering systems. Most of these approaches have targeted systems in the transportation, materials, defence and energy industries. Applying and further developing engineering approaches for understanding, predicting and modulating the response of complicated ...
Liao David D Department of Pathology , University of California San Francisco , San Francisco, CA 94143 , - - 2014
The use of mathematical equations to analyse population dynamics measurements is being increasingly applied to elucidate complex dynamic processes in biological systems, including cancer. Purely 'empirical' equations may provide sufficient accuracy to support predictions and therapy design. Nevertheless, interpretation of fitting equations in terms of physical and biological propositions can ...
Fu Elain E School of Chemical, Biological, and Environmental Engineering, Oregon State University, USA. - - 2014
A critical constraint in the design of appropriate medical devices for the lowest-resource settings is the lack of access to maintenance or repair on instrumentation. There are numerous point-of-care applications for which quantitative readout would have clinical utility. Thus, a challenge to the device developer is to enable quantitative device ...
Sandell Dennis D 1 S5 Consulting , Blentarp, Sweden - - 2014
Abstract Background: The choice of analytical test methods and associated statistical considerations are considered for the laboratory testing of pressurized metered dose inhaler-spacer/valved holding chamber (pMDI-S/VHC) combinations for in vitro bioequivalence (IVBE). Methods: Four scenarios are presented for comparing TEST ("second entry" or "generic") versus REF ("innovator"): (1) innovator and ...
Johnson Marquell - - 2014
Abstract Self-reported physical activity (PA) behavior with assistance from a secondary source has previously been used with adults with an intellectual disability (ID). Limited evidence of reliability and validity have been provided for this approach. This study examined evidence of convergent (CV) and discriminant (DV) validity for self-report with assistance ...
Gardien Pauline P Département de biochimie et pharmaco-toxicologie, Hôpital de la Cavale Blanche, CHRU, Brest, - - 2014
Vitamin D (Vit.D) and parathormone (PTH) measurements are usually prescribed for phosphocalcic metabolism assessment and, especially for Vit.D, more and more frequently for other pathologies. In order to step up to automated techniques for these analysis in our laboratory, we tested 3 devices: ADVIA Centaur XP (®) (Siemens), ISYS(®) (IDS) ...
Tuffaha Haitham W HW Griffith Health Institute, Griffith University, Gold Coast, QLD, Australia Centre for Applied Health Economics, School of Medicine, Griffith Health Institute, Griffith University, Meadowbrook, QLD, Australia - - 2014
Value of information analysis has been proposed as an alternative to the standard hypothesis testing approach, which is based on type I and type II errors, in determining sample sizes for randomized clinical trials. However, in addition to sample size calculation, value of information analysis can optimize other aspects of ...
Farzin B B Laboratory of Interventional Neuroradiology, Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal Research Centre (CRCHUM), Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
Porosity and pore density (PD) are important characteristics of flow diverters (FDs), because they may influence device efficacy and safety. Reliable measurement of these parameters would seem to be required for comparisons between devices, device selection at the time of clinical usage, as well as for research purposes. Because there ...
Martínez-Espronceda Miguel M Electrical and Electronics Engineering Department, Public University of Navarre (UPNA), Pamplona, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Experiences applying standards in personal health devices (PHDs) show an inherent trade-off between interoperability and costs (in terms of processing load and development time). Therefore, reducing hardware and software costs as well as time-to-market is crucial for standards adoption. The ISO/IEEE11073 PHD family of standards (also referred to as X73PHD) ...
Kirchsteiger Harald - - 2014
The problem of online calibration and recalibration of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) devices is considered. Two different parametric relations between interstitial and blood glucose are investigated and constructive algorithms to adaptively estimate the parameters within those relations are proposed. One characteristic is the explicit consideration of measurement uncertainty of the ...
Clarke Malcolm - - 2014
Having timestamps that are robust and reliable is essential for remote patient monitoring in order for patient data to have context and to be correlated with other data. However, unlike hospital systems for which guidelines on timestamps are currently provided by HL7 and IHE, remote patient monitoring platforms are: operated ...
Forgács Attila A Scanomed Ltd, H-4032 Debrecen, Nagyerdei krt. 98, Hungary. Electronic address: - - 2014
Excel2Genie, a simple and user-friendly Microsoft Excel interface, has been developed to the Genie-2000 Spectroscopic Software of Canberra Industries. This Excel application can directly control Canberra Multichannel Analyzer (MCA), process the acquired data and visualize them. Combination of Genie-2000 with Excel2Genie results in remarkably increased flexibility and a possibility to ...
Deepu C J - - 2014
This paper presents a novel electrocardiogram (ECG) processing technique for joint data compression and QRS detection in a wireless wearable sensor. The proposed algorithm is aimed at lowering the average complexity per task by sharing the computational load among multiple essential signal processing tasks needed for wearable devices. The compression ...
Tresadern Gary G Discovery Sciences, Janssen Research and Development, A Division of Janssen Pharmaceutica NV, Turnhoutseweg 30, B-2340 Beerse, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
Two QSAR approaches were applied to assist the design and to prioritise the synthesis of new active mGlu2 receptor positive allosteric modulators (PAMs). With the aim to explore a particular point of substitution the models successfully prioritised molecules originating from chemistry ideas and a large virtual library. The two methods, ...
Borsci Simone S Human Factors Research Group, Faculty of Engineering, The University of Nottingham, University Park, NG7 2RD, Nottingham, - - 2014
Before releasing a product, manufacturers have to follow a regulatory framework and meet standards, producing reliable evidence that the device presents low levels of risk in use. There is, though, a gap between the needs of the manufacturers to conduct usability testing while managing their costs, and the requirements of ...
Langley Ivor I Department of Clinical Sciences and Centre for Applied Health Research and Delivery,Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine,Liverpool L3 - - 2014
SUMMARY Research and innovation in the diagnosis of infectious and parasitic diseases has led to the development of several promising diagnostic tools, for example in malaria there is extensive literature concerning the use of rapid diagnostic tests. This means policymakers in many low and middle income countries need to make ...
Tanimura Kazuya K Department of Respiratory Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kawahara 54, Shogoin, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8507, - - 2014
Since commercial forced oscillation technique (FOT) devices became available, they have been widely used for physiological assessments, mainly of obstructive lung diseases. However, it is not known whether the impedance values measured with different devices are identical. In this study, two FOT devices-the impulse oscillometry system (IOS) and the MostGraph ...
Pang Shengshi S Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089, - - 2014
Large weak values have been used to amplify the sensitivity of a linear response signal for detecting changes in a small parameter, which has also enabled a simple method for precise parameter estimation. However, producing a large weak value requires a low postselection probability for an ancilla degree of freedom, ...
Sun Tao T State Key Laboratory for Turbulence and Complex System, Department of Mechanics and Engineering Science, College of Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, - - 2014
We present a simple chain model for ballistic-diffusive heat transfer in heterogeneous nanostructures connected by atomistic interfaces, which are under extensive investigation for nanoscale heat transfer control. Heat transfer in typical heterogeneous nanostructures, including junctions with a single interface, multi-layered SiGe-Si systems, and nanocrystal arrays, can be well reproduced by ...
Huang Haiyao H Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Boston University, Boston, MA 02215, USA. - - 2014
One goal of synthetic biology is to design and build genetic circuits in living cells for a range of applications. Major challenges in these efforts include increasing the scalability and robustness of engineered biological systems and streamlining and automating the synthetic biology workflow of specification-design-assembly-verification. We present here a summary ...
Tang Fei F State Key Laboratory of Precision Measurement Technology and Instruments, Department of Precision Instruments and Mechanology, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, People's Republic of - - 2014
The cataluminescence (CTL)-based sensor is a new promising type of chemical transducer, and has attracted much attention of researchers for its potential versatile applications in public safety, emission control and environmental protection. In this review, we briefly introduce the development history of CTL-based sensors and summarize existing explanations of the ...
Guillerm Vincent V Functional Materials Design, Discovery and Development (FMD3), Advanced Membranes and Porous Materials Center, Division of Physical Sciences and Engineering, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Thuwal 23955-6900, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. - - 2014
In this review, we describe two recently implemented conceptual approaches facilitating the design and deliberate construction of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), namely supermolecular building block (SBB) and supermolecular building layer (SBL) approaches. Our main objective is to offer an appropriate means to assist/aid chemists and material designers alike to rationally construct ...
Manfredini D D TMD Clinic, Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Padova, Padova, - - 2014
This study systematically reviews the sleep bruxism (SB) literature published in the MEDLINE and Scopus databases to answer the following question: What is the validity of the different portable instrumental devices that have been proposed to measure SB if compared with polysomnographic (PSG) recordings assumed as the gold standard? Four ...
Gu Xiuzhu X Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, Graduate School of Decision Science and Technology, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo, - - 2014
This paper describes the development of a haemodialysis error taxonomy system for analysing incidents and predicting the safety status of a dialysis organisation. The error taxonomy system was developed by adapting an error taxonomy system which assumed no specific specialty to haemodialysis situations. Its application was conducted with 1,909 incident ...
Jing Xia X Laboratory for Informatics Development, NIH Clinical Center and National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA, - - 2014
When clinicians use electronic health record (EHR) systems, their ability to obtain general knowledge is often an important contribution to their ability to make more informed decisions. In this paper we describe a method by which an external, formal representation of clinical and molecular genetic knowledge can be integrated into ...
Krieger Elmar E CMBI, Route 260, NCMLS, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, PO Box 9101, 6500 HB Nijmegen, The Netherlands - - 2014
Today's graphics processing units (GPUs) compose the scene from individual triangles. Since about 320 triangles are needed to approximate a single sphere - an atom - in a convincing way, visualizing larger proteins with atomic details requires tens of millions of triangles, far too many for smooth interactive frame rates. ...
Kohlmann Martin M Peter L. Reichertz Institute for Medical Informatics, University of Braunschweig - Institute of Technology and Hannover Medical School , Braunschweig , - - 2014
Background: When applying health-enabling technologies (HET), researchers are faced with analyzing highly intensive, multimodal and heterogeneous data sets. Experience has shown that there is a lack of understanding concerning the relationship of analysis methods suitable for such data sets and their appropriate application. Objectives: The objective of this paper is ...
Dos Santos Thiago Ramos TR SENAI Institute of Innovation in Embedded Systems, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
One of the main challenges in computer-assisted soft tissue surgery is the registration of multi-modal patient-specific data for enhancing the surgeon's navigation capabilities by observing beyond exposed tissue surfaces. A new approach to marker-less guidance involves capturing the intra-operative patient anatomy with a range image device and doing a shape-based ...
Cheng Adam A Department of Paediatrics, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, - - 2014
Debriefing is a common feature of technology-enhanced simulation (TES) education. However, evidence for its effectiveness remains unclear. We sought to characterise how debriefing is reported in the TES literature, identify debriefing features that are associated with improved outcomes, and evaluate the effectiveness of debriefing when combined with TES. We systematically ...
Hooker Roderick S RS Roderick S. Hooker is a retired PA. Ashley N. Muchow is a doctoral student in policy analysis at the Pardee RAND Graduate School in Santa Monica, Calif. The authors have disclosed that they were employees of the Lewin Group, a subsidiary of UnitedHealth. While at the Lewin Group, they were end users of the data and personally involved with upgrading and validating the PA component of Provider 360 - - 2014
A census of physician assistants in the United States is necessary to help legislators make policy decisions about the profession. In 2013, a PA status analysis was undertaken using a novel data source derived from state licensure. The Provider 360 Database was probed for all licensed PAs, and 84,064 were ...
Miller Benjamin T BT Laboratory of Computational Biology, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of - - 2014
This article describes the development, implementation, and use of web-based "lessons" to introduce students and other newcomers to computer simulations of biological macromolecules. These lessons, i.e., interactive step-by-step instructions for performing common molecular simulation tasks, are integrated into the collaboratively developed CHARMM INterface and Graphics (CHARMMing) web user interface (http://www.charmming.org). ...
Deka Biplab B Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Champaign, IL, USA - - 2014
Although computational systems are looking towards post CMOS devices in the pursuit of lower power, the expected inherent unreliability of such devices makes it difficult to design robust systems without additional power overheads for guaranteeing robustness. As such, algorithmic structures with inherent ability to tolerate computational errors are of significant ...
Gams Matjaž M Department of Intelligent Systems, Jožef Stefan Institute, Jamova 39, SI-1000, Ljubljana, - - 2014
We developed a new machine learning-based method in order to facilitate the manufacturing processes of pharmaceutical products, such as tablets, in accordance with the Process Analytical Technology (PAT) and Quality by Design (QbD) initiatives. Our approach combines the data, available from prior production runs, with machine learning algorithms that are ...
Chang Jing Jing JJ Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 , Serdang, Selangor, - - 2014
Anaesthesia is a multivariable problem where a combination of drugs are used to induce desired hypnotic, analgesia and immobility states. The automation of anaesthesia may improve the safety and cost-effectiveness of anaesthesia. However, the realization of a safe and reliable multivariable closed-loop control of anaesthesia is yet to be achieved ...
Jain Pradeep P Innovative Waste Consulting Services, LLC, 6628 NW 9th Blvd. Suite 3, Gainesville, FL 32605, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study presents the development of design charts that can be used to estimate lateral and vertical spacing of liquids addition devices (e.g., vertical well, horizontal trenches) and the operating duration needed for transient operating conditions (conditions until steady-state operating conditions are achieved). These design charts should be used in ...
Cruz Zapata Belén B Department of Informatics and Systems, Faculty of Computer Science, Campus de Espinardo - University of Murcia, 30080 - Espinardo, Murcia, Spain, - - 2014
Mobile Personal Health Records (PHRs) have achieved a particularly strong market share since the appearance of more powerful mobile devices and popular worldwide mobile application markets such as Apple's App Store and Android's Google Play. However, Android and Apple have a set of recommendations on design and usability targeted towards ...
Davies Ryan R RR Nemours Cardiac Center, Nemours/A.I. duPont Hospital for Children, Wilmington, Delaware; Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Due to the availability of new devices, the use of ventricular assist devices (VADs) in children has been increasing; however, patient selection and optimal timing of device implantation in this population remains uncertain. A retrospective review of the United Network for Organ Sharing dataset identified 5,200 listings without mechanical circulatory ...
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