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Sarem Sarem - - 2014
The optimal marker for cyclosporine (CsA) monitoring in transplantation patients remains controversial. However, there is a growing interest in the use of the area under the concentration-time curve (AUC), particularly for cyclosporine dose adjustment in pediatric hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. In this paper, we develop Bayesian limited sampling strategies (B-LSS) ...
Ma Zhan - - 2014
This paper presents an advanced screen content coding solution using Color Table and Index Map (cTIM) method. This cTIM scheme is implemented in the Range Extensions of High-Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC-RExt) as an additional tool of intra coding to complement conventional spatial angular prediction to better exploit the screen content ...
Straub Shannon C K SC Department of Botany & Plant Pathology, Oregon State University, 2082 Cordley Hall, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Crown clade Apocynaceae comprise seven primary lineages of lianas, shrubs, and herbs with a diversity of pollen aggregation morphologies including monads, tetrads, and pollinia, making them an ideal group for investigating the evolution and function of pollen packaging. Traditional molecular systematic approaches utilizing small amounts of sequence data have failed ...
Chan Siu Hung Joshua SH National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, 2800 Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark sinhu@bio.dtu.dk - - 2014
Elementary flux mode (EFM) is a useful tool in constraint-based modeling of metabolic networks. The property that every flux distribution can be decomposed as a weighted sum of EFMs allows certain applications of EFMs to studying flux distributions. The existence of biologically infeasible EFMs and the non-uniqueness of the decomposition, ...
Krabbe Paul F M PF *Department of Epidemiology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands †Office of Health Economics, London, UK ‡Institute of Health Policy and Management/Institute for Medical Technology Assessment, Erasmus University of Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands §School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK ∥Department of Pharmacy Systems, Outcomes and Policy, College of Pharmacy, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL ¶Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, - - 2014
To investigate the feasibility of discrete choice experiments for valuing EQ-5D-5L states using computer-based data collection, the consistency of the estimated regression coefficients produced after modeling the preference data, and to examine the similarity of the values derived across countries. Data were collected in Canada, England, The Netherlands, and the ...
Araújo F G FG Laboratório de Ecologia de Peixes, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, BR 465, Km 7, Seropédica, 23.890-000, - - 2014
Histological analysis of the gonadal development of Leporinus copelandii Steindachner, 1875, a rheophilic Characiformes species in the Paraiba do Sul River, South-eastern Brazil, was described. We expect that this species adapt gonadal development to succeed in this river basin that has its longitudinal profile blocked by several impoundments. Fishes were ...
Kovach Christine R - - 2014
The purpose of this article is to present a new approach to treatment fidelity using branching simulations. Branching simulations are case scenarios that require the user to generate a series of step-by-step decisions and actions. The user is given immediate feedback on the consequences of his or her decisions and ...
Chung Tae-Young - - 2014
An efficient bit allocation algorithm based on a novel view synthesis distortion model is proposed for the rate-distortion optimized coding of multiview video plus depth sequences in this paper. We decompose an input frame into nonedge blocks and edge blocks. For each nonedge block, we linearly approximate its texture and ...
Villongco Christopher T CT Department of Bioengineering, University of California, La Jolla, CA 92093, - - 2014
Patient-specific computational models have promise to improve cardiac disease diagnosis and therapy planning. Here a new method is described to simulate left-bundle branch block (LBBB) and RV-paced ventricular activation patterns in three dimensions from non-invasive, routine clinical measurements. Activation patterns were estimated in three patients using vectorcardiograms (VCG) derived from ...
Goloboff Pablo A PA CONICET, INSUE, Fundación Miguel Lillo, Miguel Lillo 251, 4000 S.M. de Tucumàn, Argentina; and Department of Biology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA - - 2014
When doing a bootstrap analysis with a single tree saved per pseudoreplicate, biased search algorithms may influence support values more than actual properties of the data set. Two methods commonly used for finding phylogenetic trees consist of randomizing the input order of species in multiple addition sequences followed by branch ...
Zupanc A A J. Stefan Institute, 1000 - - 2014
We present the first model-independent measurement of the absolute branching fraction of the Λ_{c}^{+}→pK^{-}π^{+} decay using a data sample of 978  fb^{-1} collected with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric-energy e^{+}e^{-} collider. The number of Λ_{c}^{+} baryons is determined by reconstructing the recoiling D^{(*)-}p[over ¯]π^{+} system in events of the ...
Horvilleur Benjamin B Université de Lyon; Université Lyon 1; CNRS; UMR 5558, Laboratoire de Biométrie et Biologie Évolutive, F-69622 Villeurbanne, - - 2014
Brownian models have been introduced in phylogenetics for describing variation in substitution rates through time, with applications to molecular dating or to the comparative analysis of variation in substitution patterns among lineages. Thus far, however, the Monte-Carlo implementations of these models have relied on crude approximations, in which the Brownian ...
Zhao Wenle W Department of Public Health Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC 29425, - - 2014
Stratified permuted block randomization has been the dominant covariate-adaptive randomization procedure in clinical trials for several decades. Its high probability of deterministic assignment and low capacity of covariate balancing have been well recognized. The popularity of this sub-optimal method is largely due to its simplicity in implementation and the lack ...
Parks Sarah L SL European Molecular Biology Laboratory, European Bioinformatics Institute (EMBL-EBI), Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, CB10 1SD, United Kingdom - - 2014
The statistical basis of maximum likelihood (ML), its robustness and the fact that it appears to suffer less from biases lead to it being one of the most popular methods for tree reconstruction. Despite its popularity, very few analytical solutions for ML exist, so biases suffered by ML are not ...
Le Cui C College of Material Science and Engineering, Central South University of Forestry and Technology, Changsha, Hunan / International Centre for Bamboo and Rattan, Beijing, - - 2014
Bamboo is a radial gradient variation composite material against parasitology and vector biology, but the vascular bundles in inner layer are evenly distributed. The objective is to determine the regular size pattern and Weibull statistical analysis of the vascular bundle tensile strength in inner layer of Moso bamboo. The size ...
Larremore Daniel B DB Center for Communicable Disease Dynamics, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA and Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, - - 2014
Bipartite networks are a common type of network data in which there are two types of vertices, and only vertices of different types can be connected. While bipartite networks exhibit community structure like their unipartite counterparts, existing approaches to bipartite community detection have drawbacks, including implicit parameter choices, loss of ...
Liu Li-Li LL Drug Discovery and Design Center, State Key Laboratory of Drug Research, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 555 Zuchongzhi Road, Shanghai 201203, - - 2014
Aim:A large number of drug-induced long QT syndromes are ascribed to blockage of hERG potassium channels. The aim of this study was to construct novel computational models to predict compounds blocking hERG channels.Methods:Doddareddy's hERG blockage data containing 2644 compounds were used, which divided into training (2389) and test (255) sets. ...
Jiang Qingchao Q Key Laboratory of Advanced Control and Optimization for Chemical Processes of Ministry of Education, East China University of Science and Technology, P.O. Box 293, MeiLong Road No. 130, Shanghai 200237, PR China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Multiblock principal component analysis (MBPCA) methods are gaining increasing attentions in monitoring plant-wide processes. Generally, MBPCA assumes that some process knowledge is incorporated for block division; however, process knowledge is not always available. A new totally data-driven MBPCA method, which employs mutual information (MI) to divide the blocks automatically, has ...
Bergstrom Theodore C TC Economics Department, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93105; - - 2014
Large commercial publishers sell bundled online subscriptions to their entire list of academic journals at prices significantly lower than the sum of their á la carte prices. Bundle prices differ drastically between institutions, but they are not publicly posted. The data that we have collected enable us to compare the ...
Riffert Till W TW Research & Development Unit "MEG & Cortical Networks and Cognitive Functions", Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Stephanstraße 1a, 04103 Leipzig, - - 2014
Diffusion MRI (dMRI) measurements are used for inferring the microstructural properties of white matter and to reconstruct fiber pathways. Very often voxels contain complex fiber configurations comprising multiple bundles, rendering the simple diffusion tensor model unsuitable. Multi-compartment models deliver a convenient parameterization of the underlying complex fiber architecture, but pose ...
Simmons Mark P MP Department of Biology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
We re-analyzed 10 sparse supermatrices wherein the original authors relied primarily or entirely upon maximum likelihood phylogenetic analyses implemented in RAxML and quantified branch support using the bootstrap. We compared the RAxML-based topologies and bootstrap values with both superficial- and relatively thorough-tree-search parsimony topologies and bootstrap values. We tested for ...
Huang Huifang - - 2014
Left bundle branch block (LBBB) and right bundle branch block (RBBB) not only mask electrocardiogram (ECG) changes that reflect diseases but also indicate important underlying pathology. The timely detection of LBBB and RBBB is critical in the treatment of cardiac diseases. Inter-patient heartbeat classification is based on independent training and ...
Molina-Venegas Rafael R Departamento de Biología Vegetal y Ecología, Universidad de Sevilla, Apartado 1095, E-41080 Sevilla, - - 2014
Recent years have seen an increasing effort to incorporate phylogenetic hypotheses to the study of community assembly processes. The incorporation of such evolutionary information has been eased by the emergence of specialized software for the automatic estimation of partially resolved supertrees based on published phylogenies. Despite this growing interest in ...
El-Rawy M A MA Department of Hydrology and Hydraulic Engineering, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels, - - 2014
This paper presents the Kalman Filtered Double Constraint Method (DCM-KF) as a technique to estimate the hydraulic conductivities in the grid blocks of a groundwater flow model. The DCM is based on two forward runs with the same initial grid block conductivities, but with alternating flux-head conditions specified on parts ...
Evans James W JW Ames Laboratory - USDOE, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, - - 2014
We develop statistical mechanical models amenable to analytic treatment for the dissociative adsorption of O2 at hollow sites on fcc(100) metal surfaces. The models incorporate exclusion of nearest-neighbor pairs of adsorbed O. However, corresponding simple site-blocking models, where adsorption requires a large ensemble of available sites, exhibit an anomalously fast ...
Simmons Mark P MP Department of Biology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523-1878, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The greater power of parametric methods over parsimony is frequently observed in empirical phylogenetic analyses by providing greater resolution and higher branch support. This greater power is provided by several different factors, including some that are generally regarded as disadvantageous. In this study we used both empirical and (modified) simulated ...
Remien Christopher H CH National Institute for Mathematical and Biological Synthesis, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, 37996, USA, - - 2014
Segmental analysis of hair has been used in diverse fields ranging from forensics to ecology to measure the concentration of substances such as drugs and isotopes. Multiple hairs are typically combined into a bundle for segmental analysis to obtain a high-resolution series of measurements. Individual hair strands cycle through multiple ...
Satpathy Amit - - 2014
This paper proposes two sets of novel edge-texture features, Discriminative Robust Local Binary Pattern (DRLBP) and Ternary Pattern (DRLTP), for object recognition. By investigating the limitations of Local Binary Pattern (LBP), Local Ternary Pattern (LTP) and Robust LBP (RLBP), DRLBP and DRLTP are proposed as new features. They solve the ...
Zimmermann Bettina - - 2014
Aim. To provide a valuable tool for graphical representation of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) data that enables visual emphasis on complex substructures within the network to highlight possible ambiguities and errors. Method. We applied the new NETWORK graphical user interface, available via EMPOP (European DNA Profiling Group Mitochondrial DNA Population Database; ...
Zu Jian J School of Mathematics and Statistics, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, 710049, People's Republic of China, - - 2014
In this paper, by using the adaptive dynamics approach, we investigate how the adaptive evolution of defense ability promotes the diversity of prey species in an initial one-prey-two-predator community. We assume that the prey species can evolve to a safer strategy such that it can reduce the predation risk, but ...
Xia Jianlong - - 2014
We have designed and synthesized five azulene derivatives containing gold-binding groups at different points of connectivity within the azulene core to probe the effects of quantum interference through single-molecule conductance measurements. We compare conducting paths through the 5-membered ring, 7-membered ring, and across the long axis of azulene. We find ...
Green Jennifer Greif JG School of Education, Boston University, Two Silber Way, Boston, MA, 02215, USA, - - 2014
We evaluate the precision of a model estimating school prevalence of SED using a small area estimation method based on readily-available predictors from area-level census block data and school principal questionnaires. Adolescents at 314 schools participated in the National Comorbidity Supplement, a national survey of DSM-IV disorders among adolescents. A ...
Erickson Darin J DJ Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, - - 2014
Compliance checks conducted by law enforcement agents can significantly reduce the likelihood of illegal alcohol sales to underage individuals, but these checks need to be conducted using optimal methods to maintain effectiveness. We conducted a national survey of local and state enforcement agencies from 2010 to 2011 to assess: (i) ...
Jafari Masoumeh M Department of Power and Control Engineering, School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Shiraz University, P.O.box 7134851154, Shiraz, Iran. Electronic address: - - 2014
This paper presents an efficient method for identification of nonlinear Multi-Input Multi-Output (MIMO) systems in the presence of colored noises. The method studies the multivariable nonlinear Hammerstein and Wiener models, in which, the nonlinear memory-less block is approximated based on arbitrary vector-based basis functions. The linear time-invariant (LTI) block is ...
Alhaddad Mohammed J - - 2014
The signals acquired in brain-computer interface (BCI) experiments usually involve several complicated sampling, artifact and noise conditions. This mandated the use of several strategies as preprocessing to allow the extraction of meaningful components of the measured signals to be passed along to further processing steps. In spite of the success ...
Stancil Stewart A SA Darnall Army Medical Center, Fort Hood, - - 2014
The Bier block procedure has been in use for over 100 years, but only recently has received renewed attention. As emergency departments look for ways to maximize efficiency, the use of the Bier block has been recognized as effective and fast with minimal adverse effects. This article summarizes a proposed ...
Campos Fabio A D - - 2014
This study was done to investigate the advantage of playing at home in elite women's volleyball leagues and the influence of performance indicators in the game score according to set number. The sample consisted of 240 games of the Brazilian Volleyball League (n = 132 games) and the Italian Volleyball ...
Chen Wei F WF Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, IA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Supermicrosurgery is an increasingly important technique in reconstructive surgery. It requires a more technically refined skill set compared with standard microsurgery. All currently available biologic training models involve the use of live rats. A nonliving model would be more accessible and cost-effective for practice. We have developed such a model ...
Dogru Mirjam M Department of Chemistry and Center for NanoScience (CeNS), University of Munich (LMU), Butenandtstr. 5-13 (E), 81377 Munich, Germany. - - 2014
Covalent organic frameworks (COFs) are a novel class of porous crystalline organic materials assembled from molecular building blocks. The construction principles of these materials allow for the design of precisely controllable structures since their chemical and physical properties can be easily tuned through the selection of the building blocks and ...
Scott J F JF Cavendish Laboratory, Department of Physics, Cambridge University, Cambridge CB3 0HE, - - 2014
A pedagogical essay is given that alerts researchers to the errors inherent in assigning linear I(V) current-voltage dependences to Ohmic conduction. Such a linear I(V) is necessary but not sufficient, since other mechanisms, including Simmons' modification of the basic Schottky emission theory, also give linear I(V) at small applied voltages. ...
Wakano Joe Yuichiro JY Meiji Institute for Advanced Study of Mathematical Sciences, Meiji University, Tokyo 164-8525, Japan; Japan Science and Technology, PRESTO, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Adaptive dynamics shows that a continuous trait under frequency dependent selection may first converge to a singular point followed by spontaneous transition from a unimodal trait distribution into a bimodal one, which is called "evolutionary branching". Here, we study evolutionary branching in a deme-structured population by constructing a quantitative genetic ...
Bobeth Christoph C Excellence Cluster Universe and TUM-IAS, Technische Universität München, D-85748 Garching, - - 2014
We combine our new results for the O(αem) and O(αs2) corrections to Bs,d→ℓ+ℓ-, and present updated branching ratio predictions for these decays in the standard model. Inclusion of the new corrections removes major theoretical uncertainties of perturbative origin that have just begun to dominate over the parametric ones. For the ...
Eryaşar Ahmet Raif AR Mersin University, Fisheries Faculty, Yenişehir Campus, 33169 Mersin, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
In this study composition of marine debris and their blocking potential on the selectivity grid systems deployed on demersal trawls were investigated in the north eastern Mediterranean. For this, a total of 132hauls were examined in two fishing season between 20 September 2010 and 19 February 2012. Results showed that ...
Hosseini Narges N Department of Health Science Research, Center for the Science of Health Care Delivery, Mayo Clinic, 200 1st Street SW, Rochester, MN, 55905, USA, - - 2014
Operating room (OR) allocation and planning is one of the most important strategic decisions that OR managers face. The number of ORs that a hospital opens depends on the number of blocks that are allocated to the surgical groups, services, or individual surgeons, combined with the amount of open posting ...
Dibattista Andrew - - 2014
An efficient block matching and spectral shift estimation algorithm for freehand quasi-static ultrasound elastography is described in this paper. The proposed method provides a balance between computational speed and robustness against displacement estimation error and bias; a fundamental aspect of elastography. The new algorithm was tested on an extensive set ...
Hiss Jan A JA ETH Zürich, Department of Chemistry & Applied Biosciences, Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vladimir-Prelog Weg 4, 8093 Zürich, - - 2014
Background: Prioritizing building blocks for combinatorial medicinal chemistry represents an optimization task. We present the application of an artificial ant colony algorithm to combinatorial molecular design (Molecular Ant Algorithm [MAntA]). Results: In a retrospective evaluation, the ant algorithm performed favorably compared with other stochastic optimization methods. Application of MAntA to ...
Li Zhigang Z The Key Laboratory of Industrial Biotechnology, Ministry of Education, School of Biotechnology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Several fermentations with consecutively feeding of acetate/butyrate were conducted in a 7L fermentor and the results indicated that exogenous acetate/butyrate enhanced solvents productivities by 47.1% and 39.2% respectively, and changed butyrate/acetate ratios greatly. Then extracellular butyrate/acetate ratios were utilized for calculation of acids rates and the results revealed that acetate ...
Eljebari Hanene H Laboratoire de Pharmacologie Clinique, Centre National de Pharmacovigilance, Hôpital Aziza Othmana, Tunis, Tunisie ; Faculté de Médecine, Hôpital Aziza Othmana, Tunis, - - 2014
The primary aim of this study was to establish the population pharmacokinetic (PPK) model of bupivacaine after combined lumbar plexus and sciatic nerve blocks and secondary aim is to assess the effect of patient's characteristics including age, body weight and sex on pharmacokinetic parameters. A total of 31 patients scheduled ...
Chang Jae-Byum JB Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, - - 2014
Directed self-assembly of block copolymers has been used for fabricating various nanoscale patterns, ranging from periodic lines to simple bends. However, assemblies of dense bends, junctions and line segments in a single pattern have not been achieved by using sparse templates, because no systematic template design methods for achieving such ...
Tenenhaus Arthur A SUPELEC, Plateau de moulon, 3 rue Joliot-Curie, 91192 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, - - 2014
Regularized generalized canonical correlation analysis (RGCCA) is a generalization of regularized canonical correlation analysis to 3 or more sets of variables. RGCCA is a component-based approach which aims to study the relationships between several sets of variables. The quality and interpretability of the RGCCA components are likely to be affected ...
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