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Kleber C C Center for Musculoskeletal Surgery, AG Polytrauma, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Augustenburger Platz 1, 13353 Berlin, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
In response to the vivid scientific discussion since we published the first prehospital trauma cardiopulmonary resuscitation algorithm we address discuss the use of advanced prehospital diagnostics via ultrasound or Pneumoscan®. Furthermore, the compromise using needle pericradicentesis within the algorithm despite prehospital emergency thoracotomy is explained. We clarify that thoracostomy is ...
Dameff Christian C University of Arizona, Phoenix, - - 2014
Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) improves out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) survival. Telephone CPR (TCPR) comprises CPR instruction given by emergency dispatchers to bystanders responding to OHCA and the CPR performed as a result. TCPR instructions improve bystander CPR rates, but the quality of the instructions varies widely. No standardized system exists ...
Tangney June P JP George Mason - - 2014
Psychological research using mostly cross-sectional methods calls into question the presumed function of shame as an inhibitor of immoral or illegal behavior. In a longitudinal study of 476 jail inmates, we assessed shame proneness, guilt proneness, and externalization of blame shortly after incarceration. We interviewed participants (N = 332) 1 ...
Eftestøl Trygve T Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Stavanger, 4036 Stavanger, - - 2014
Background. During resuscitation of cardiac arrest victims a variety of information in electronic format is recorded as part of the documentation of the patient care contact and in order to be provided for case review for quality improvement. Such review requires considerable effort and resources. There is also the problem ...
Nasiri Ebrahim E Department Anesthesiology and Emergency Medicine, Faculty Member, Traditional and Complementary Medicine Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, - - 2014
mask fixation in the lateral position is difficult during CPR. the aim of this study is to compare the lateral CPR for the use of bag-valve mask by single paramedic rescuer as well as over-the-head CPR on the chest compression and ventilation on the manikin. Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences. ...
Badriyah Tessy T Centre for Healthcare Modelling and Informatics, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, - - 2013
To compare the performance of a human-generated, trial and error-optimised early warning score (EWS), i.e., National Early Warning Score (NEWS), with one generated entirely algorithmically using Decision Tree (DT) analysis. We used DT analysis to construct a decision-tree EWS (DTEWS) from a database of 198755 vital signs observation sets collected ...
Kelleher Deirdre C DC Division of Trauma and Burn Surgery, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, - - 2013
Trauma resuscitations without pre-arrival notification are often initially chaotic, which can potentially compromise patient care. We hypothesized that trauma resuscitations without pre-arrival notification are performed with more variable adherence to ATLS protocol and that implementation of a checklist would improve performance. We analyzed event logs of trauma resuscitations from two ...
Churpek Matthew M - - 2013
Over 200,000 in-hospital cardiac arrests occur in the United States each year and many of these events may be preventable. Current vital sign-based risk scores for ward patients have demonstrated limited accuracy, which leads to missed opportunities to identify those patients most likely to suffer cardiac arrest and inefficient resource ...
Toonen Robert J - - 2013
On the 20th anniversary of the Convention on Biological Diversity, a network of very large marine protected areas (the Big Ocean network) has emerged as a key strategy in the move to arrest marine decline and conserve some of the last remaining relatively undisturbed marine areas on the globe. Here ...
Berger Mette M - - 2013
Over-resuscitation is deleterious in many critically ill conditions, including major burns. For more than 15 years, several strategies to reduce fluid administration in burns during the initial resuscitation phase have been proposed, but no single or simple parameter has shown superiority. Fluid administration guided by invasive hemodynamic parameters usually resulted in ...
Ebell Mark H MH Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, College of Public Health, University of Georgia, Athens2Institute for Evidence-Based Practice in the Health Professions, University of Georgia, - - 2013
Informing patients and providers of the likelihood of survival after in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA), neurologically intact or with minimal deficits, may be useful when discussing do-not-attempt-resuscitation orders. To develop a simple prearrest point score that can identify patients unlikely to survive IHCA, neurologically intact or with minimal deficits. The study ...
Peace Jack M - - 2013
Conventional, paper-based resuscitation transcripts are notoriously inaccurate, often lacking the precision that is necessary for recording a fast-paced resuscitation. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether a tablet computer-based application could improve upon conventional practices for resuscitation documentation. Nurses used either the conventional paper code sheet or a ...
Ebell Mark H - - 2013
To predict the likelihood that an inpatient who experiences cardiopulmonary arrest and undergoes cardiopulmonary resuscitation survives to discharge with good neurologic function or with mild deficits (Cerebral Performance Category score = 1). Classification and Regression Trees were used to develop branching algorithms that optimize the ability of a series of ...
Littmann Laszlo - - 2013
Cardiac arrest victims who present with pulseless electrical activity (PEA) usually have a grave prognosis. Several conditions, however, have cause-specific treatments which, if applied immediately, can lead to quick and sustained recovery. Current teaching focuses on recollection of numerous conditions that start with the letters H or T as potential ...
Tandon Navin - - 2013
Interruptions in chest compressions during cardiopulmonary resuscitation can negatively impact survival. Several new endotracheal intubation (ETI) techniques including video laryngoscopy may allow for ETI with minimal or no interruptions in chest compressions. We sought to determine the impact of three different ETI techniques upon time to intubation (TTI) in a ...
Goto Yoshikazu - - 2013
Estimation of outcomes in patients after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) soon after arrival to the hospital may help clinicians guide in-hospital strategies, particularly in the emergency department. This study aimed to develop a simple and generally applicable bedside model for predicting outcomes after cardiac arrest. We analyzed data for 390,226 ...
Al-Rasheed Rakan S - - 2013
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) instructor/coordinator (CPR-I/C) adherence to published guidelines during resuscitation and learner assessment for basic life support (BLS)/CPR skills has not been experimentally studied. Investigators sought to (1) determine the quality of CPR-I/C chest compression and the accuracy of CPR-I/C chest compression assessment, and (2) improve CPR-I/C compression and ...
Basile Kathleen C - - 2013
This study tested resource and feminist-informed theories to explain physical, sexual, psychological, and stalking intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetrated by court-mandated men. Data were obtained from 340 men arrested for physical assault of a partner before their court-ordered treatment. Using path analysis, findings provided partial support for each model. Ineffective ...
Gohier Francis - - 2013
The quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is often inconsistent and frequently fails to meet recommended guidelines. One promising approach to address this problem is for clinicians to use an active feedback device during CPR. However, one major deficiency of existing feedback systems is that they fail to account for the ...
Park Yubin - - 2013
We model the temporal symptomatic characteristics of 171 cardiac arrest patients in Intensive Care Units. The temporal and feature dependencies in the data are illustrated using a mixture of matrix normal distributions. We found that the cardiac arrest temporal signature is best summarized with six hours data prior to cardiac ...
Ponicki William R - - 2013
The introduction and spread of high potency methamphetamine has led to dramatic increases in drug-related problems in California. Prior research suggests that drug abuse rates are related to local demographic and economic characteristics, law enforcement activities, and sentencing practices. Methamphetamine abuse in particular has been shown to be reduced by ...
Dawes Donald Murray - - 2013
Despite human laboratory and field studies that have demonstrated a reasonable safety profile for TASER brand conducted electrical weapons (CEW), the results of some swine studies and arrest related deaths temporal to the use of the CEWs continue to raise questions regarding cardiac safety. TASER International, Inc., has released a ...
Yun Ilhong - - 2013
Drawing upon a recent study on the association between low self-control and differential responses from the criminal justice system, this study examined whether academic performance, a construct linked to self-control, was also associated with the probability of police arrest. The result indicated that academic performance did have a statistically significant ...
- - 2013
The aim of this paper is to respond to the Commentary, "Reassessing Findings from the Fast Track Study: Problems of Methods and Analysis" provided by E. Michael Foster (Foster, this issue) to our article "Fast Track Intervention Effects on Youth Arrests and Delinquency" (Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group 2010, Journal ...
Delisi Matt - - 2013
The use of aliases has been shown to be associated with antisocial behavior, but the empirical research on this topic is modest. The current study employs a multiple analytical approach to explore the association between aliases and career criminality in two large samples of adult offenders. We hypothesized that the ...
Sund Björn - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is a frequent and acute medical condition that requires immediate care. We estimate survival rates from OHCA in the area of Stockholm, through developing an analytical tool for evaluating Emergency Medical Services (EMS) system design changes. The study also is an attempt to validate ...
Fabisch Alexander - - 2013
We examine two methods which are used to deal with complex machine learning problems: compressed sensing and model compression. We discuss both methods in the context of feed-forward artificial neural networks and develop the backpropagation method in compressed parameter space. We further show that compressing the weights of a layer ...
Hsiao Hongwei - - 2013
This article presented four anthropometric theories (univariate, bivariate/probability distribution, multivariate, and shape-based methods) for protective equipment design decisions. While the significance of anthropometric information for product design is well recognized, designers continue to face challenges in selecting efficient anthropometric data processing methods and translating the acquired information into effective product ...
Root Elisabeth Dowling - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Despite evidence to suggest significant spatial variation in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) and bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (BCPR) rates, geographic information systems (GIS) and spatial analysis have not been widely used to understand the reasons behind this variation. This study employs spatial statistics to identify the location and extent of ...
Corrigan Derek - - 2013
A lack of acceptance has hindered the widespread adoption and implementation of clinical prediction rules (CPRs). The use of clinical decision support systems (CDSSs) has been advocated as one way of facilitating a broader dissemination and validation of CPRs. This requires computable models of clinical evidence based on open standards ...
Gong Yushun - - 2013
Various filtering strategies have been adopted and investigated to suppress the cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) artifact. In this article, two types of artifact removal methods are reviewed: one is the method that removes CPR artifact using only ECG signals, and the other is the method with additional reference signals, such as ...
Greif Robert - - 2012
PURPOSE: Computer-based feedback systems for assessing the quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) are widely used these days. Recordings usually involve compression and ventilation dependent variables. Thorax compression depth, sufficient decompression and correct hand position are displayed but interpreted independently of one another. We aimed to generate a parameter, which represents ...
Keegan Mark T - - 2012
There are few comparisons among the most recent versions of the major adult ICU prognostic systems (APACHE [Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation] IV, Simplified Acute Physiology Score [SAPS] 3, Mortality Probability Model [MPM]0III). Only MPM0III includes resuscitation status as a predictor. We assessed the discrimination, calibration, and overall performance ...
Chitkara Ritu - - 2012
AIM: Auscultation and palpation are recommended methods of determining heart rate (HR) during neonatal resuscitation. We hypothesized that: a) detection of HR by auscultation or palpation will vary by more than+- 15 BPM from actual HR; and b) the inability to accurately determine HR will be associated with errors in ...
Smith Julie W - - 2012
How reproductive isolation is related to divergent natural selection is a central question in speciation. Here, we focus on several ecologically specialized taxa or 'call types' of red crossbills (Loxia curvirostra complex), one of the few groups of birds providing much evidence for ecological speciation. Call types differ in bill ...
Rhys-Tyler Glyn - - 2012
A method is proposed to relate essentially instantaneous roadside measurements of vehicle exhaust emissions, with emission results generated over a type approval driving cycle. An urban remote sensing dataset collected in 2008 is used to define the dynamic relationship between vehicle specific power and exhaust emissions, across a range of ...
Vidal Rubén - - 2012
Mouse models of Alzheimer disease (AD) have been generated based on Amyloid-β Precursor Protein (AβPP) and the Presenilin (PSEN) gene mutations associated with familial AD (FAD). Such models have provided valuable insights into AD pathogenesis and represent an important research tool for the discovery of potential treatments. To model amyloid ...
Pinter Ilona J - - 2012
Within the field of motor control, there is no consensus on which kinematic and kinetic aspects of movements are planned or controlled. Perturbing goal-directed movements is a frequently used tool to answer this question. To be able to draw conclusions about motor control from kinematic responses to perturbations, a model ...
Ballante Flavio F Rome Center for Molecular Design, Dipartimento di Chimica e Tecnologie del Farmaco, Sapienza Università di Roma, Rome, - - 2012
An enhanced version of COMBINE that uses both ligand-based and structure-based alignment of ligands has been used to build a comprehensive 3-D QSAR model of wild-type HIV-1 reverse transcriptase and drug-resistant mutants. The COMBINEr model focused on 7 different RT enzymes complexed with just two HIV-RT inhibitors, niverapine (NVP) and ...
Wang Chao - - 2012
Energetic residues are scattered around active ranges due to the detonation events and dissolution is usually the first step for the entry of explosive compounds into the environment. The current models for describing the dissolution are subject to limitations in either model applicability or generality. This study attempted to develop ...
Zhou Qian - - 2012
Recent catastrophic losses because of floods require developing resilient approaches to flood risk protection. This article assesses how diversification of a system of coastal protections might decrease the probabilities of extreme flood losses. The study compares the performance of portfolios each consisting of four types of flood protection assets in ...
Linke Reinhold P - - 2012
Every amyloid disease needs to be assessed for chemical composition of its amyloid because amyloid is pathogenetically diverse and each of the chemical amyloid types requires a different therapy. Basically four different approaches are being applied for typing of amyloid using immunohistochemistry, immunochemistry, mass spectrometry and chemistry. It is shown ...
Lakušić Dmitar V - - 2012
Composition of the essential oils of Rosmarinus officinalis of ten populations from the Balkan Peninsula were determined by GC/FID and GC/MS. The main constituents were 1,8-cineole, camphor, α-pinene, and borneol. Multivariate statistical analysis (UPGMA cluster analysis and principal-component analysis (PCA)) revealed two major types of rosemary oil, i.e., 1,8-cineole and ...
García-López Juan - - 2012
ABSTRACT: The purposes of this study were to analyze the validity and reliability of 2 photocell mats, and to probe the possible influence of the type of mat (contact vs. photocell) on vertical jump height estimated from flight time. In 2 separate studies 89 and 92 physical students performed 3 ...
Herberich Esther - - 2012
Several doses and a control group can be compared under order restriction using the Williams procedure for normally distributed endpoints assuming variance homogeneity. Comparison of the survival functions represents a secondary endpoint in long-term in-vivo bioassays of carcinogenicity. Therefore, a Williams-type procedure for the comparison of survival functions is proposed ...
Dastidar Aniruddha - - 2012
Arsenic is a major toxic pollutant of concern for the human health. Biological treatment of arsenic contaminated water is an alternative strategy to the prevalent conventional treatments. The biological treatment involves a pre-oxidation step transforming the most toxic form of arsenic, As (III), to the least toxic form, As (V), ...
Walsh Ian - - 2012
Electrostatic calculations are an important tool for deciphering many functional mechanisms in proteins. Generalized Born (GB) models offer a fast and convenient computational approximation over other implicit solvent-based electrostatic models. Here we present a novel GB-based web server, using the program Bluues, to calculate numerous electrostatic features including pKa-values and ...
Mishima Hirokazu - - 2012
We show how to characterize the native-structure models of a protein using our free-energy function F which is based on hydration thermodynamics. Ubiquitin is adopted as an example protein. We consider models determined by the X-ray crystallography and two types of NMR model sets. A model set of type 1 ...
Melaccio Federico - - 2012
We look at the possibility to compute and understand the color change occurring upon mutation of a photochromic protein. Accordingly, ab initio multiconfigurational quantum chemical methods are used to construct basic quantum-mechanics/molecular-mechanics (QM/MM) models for a small mutant library of the sensory rhodopsin of Anabaena (Nostoc) sp. PCC7120 cyanobacterium. Together ...
Chmelnitsky Elly G - - 2012
Classification of animal vocalizations is often done by a human observer using aural and visual analysis but more efficient, automated methods have also been utilized to reduce bias and increase reproducibility. Beluga whale, Delphinapterus leucas, calls were described from recordings collected in the summers of 2006-2008, in the Churchill River, ...
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