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Anderson Stacy L SL Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, 52 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N - - 2014
The objective of this study was to compare the bursting strength (BS) and mode of failure (MF) of ventral midline (VM) celiotomies closed with USP 7 polydioxanone (7PD) in 1 or 2 simple continuous sections. A bursting strength model, consisting of inserting and inflating a 200-L polyurethane bladder through a ...
Swiątkowska Beata B From the Department of Occupational and Environmental Epidemiology, Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Łódź, - - 2014
To assess further progression of spirometry parameters among former asbestos-cement plant workers. The following parameters were assessed: forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC), and the ratio (FEV1/FVC) using a linear regression model with mixed effects. The analysis included 3005 individuals. Spirometrically defined restrictive ventilatory defects ...
Liao Chen - - 2014
Microfluidic lab-on-a-chips have been widely utilized in biochemical analysis and human health studies due to high detection accuracy, high timing efficiency, and low cost. The increasing design complexity of lab-on-a-chips necessitates the computer-aided design (CAD) methodology in contrast to the classical manual design methodology. A key part in lab-on-a-chip CAD ...
Bouzat S S Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. FiEstIn, Centro Atómico Bariloche (CNEA), (8400) Bariloche, Río Negro, - - 2014
We analyze the pedestrian evacuation of a rectangular room with a single door considering a lattice gas scheme with the addition of behavioral aspects of the pedestrians. The movement of the individuals is based on random and rational choices and is affected by conflicts between two or more agents that ...
Thompson Alexander E AE Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, - - 2014
We have created an improved xenon interatomic potential for use with existing UO2 potentials. This potential was fit to density functional theory calculations with the Hubbard U correction (DFT + U) using a genetic algorithm approach called iterative potential refinement (IPR). We examine the defect energetics of the IPR-fitted xenon ...
Jeon Yong-Ju - - 2014
Presently, automatic inspection algorithms are widely used to ensure high-quality products and achieve high productivity in the steelmaking industry. In this paper, we propose a vision-based method for detecting corner cracks on the surface of steel billets. Because of the presence of scales composed of oxidized substances, the billet surfaces ...
Mhatre Siddhita D SD Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA, - - 2014
AbstractAlzheimer's Disease (AD) is an age related neurodegenerative disease characterized by memory loss and decreased synaptic function. Advances in transgenic animal models of AD have facilitated our understanding of this disorder, and have aided in the development, speed, and efficiency of testing potential therapeutics. Recently, we have described the characterization ...
Wertelecki Wladimir W Departments of Medical Genetics, College of Medicine, University of South Alabama, Mobile, AL, 36688, US; OMNI-Net for Children International Charitable Fund, Rivne, Rivne province, 33028, - - 2014
This population-based descriptive epidemiology study demonstrates that rates of conjoined twins, teratomas, neural tube defects, microcephaly, and microphthalmia in the Rivne province of Ukraine are among the highest in Europe. The province is 200 km distant from the Chornobyl site and its northern half, a region known as Polissia, is ...
Ng Selina S Y SS Department of Systems Engineering and Engineering Management (SEEM), City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China. - - 2014
In bearing diagnostics using a data-driven modeling approach, a concern is the need for data from all possible scenarios to build a practical model for all operating conditions. This paper is a study on bearing diagnostics with the concurrent occurrence of multiple defect types. The authors are not aware of ...
Pinto Nelangi M NM Departments of Pediatrics, University of - - 2013
The economic implications of strategies to improve prenatal CHD screening in low-risk mothers have not been explored. We performed a cost-effectiveness analysis of different screening methods. We constructed a decision analytic model of CHD prenatal screening strategies (four chamber screen (4C), 4C + outflow, nuchal translucency (NT), or fetal echocardiogram) ...
Brown Benjamin J BJ Quantum Optics and Laser Science, Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College London, Prince Consort Road, London SW7 2AZ, United - - 2013
Defects in topologically ordered models have interesting properties that are reminiscent of the anyonic excitations of the models themselves. For example, dislocations in the toric code model are known as twists and possess properties that are analogous to Ising anyons. We strengthen this analogy by using the topological entanglement entropy ...
Nanda Sunil Kumar SK Associate Professor, Department of Biochemistry, Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences , Ganapathichettikulam Kalapet, Pondicherry - 605014, India - - 2013
Introduction: Laboratory errors are result of a poorly designed quality system in the laboratory. Six Sigma is an error reduction methodology that has been successfully applied at Motorola and General Electric. Sigma (σ) is the mathematical symbol for standard deviation (SD). Sigma methodology can be applied wherever an outcome of ...
Marinica M-C - - 2013
We have developed empirical interatomic potentials for studying radiation defects and dislocations in tungsten. The potentials use the embedded atom method formalism and are fitted to a mixed database, containing various experimentally measured properties of tungsten and ab initio formation energies of defects, as well as ab initio interatomic forces computed ...
Sim Ki-Bum - - 2013
Experimental animal models are essential for investigation of the pathoembryogenesis, pathophysiology, and management strategy of spinal open neural tube defect (ONTD) and its associated anomalies including Chiari type II malformation. Genetic, chemical/nutrient, and surgical models have been widely used for a variety of purposes. The aim of this article is ...
Pellicanó Diego - - 2013
The systematic use of nondestructive testing assumes a remarkable importance where on-line manufacturing quality control is associated with the maintenance of complex equipment. For this reason, nondestructive testing and evaluation (NDT/NDE), together with accuracy and precision of measurements of the specimen, results as a strategic activity in many fields of ...
Komeda Masashi - - 2013
Finite element analysis method (FEM) provides suitable methodology to analyze a target with complex shape such as VSP patch. In this study, by employing the FEM, Ito and colleagues showed the importance of using a large patch to eliminate the dead space between the patch and LV endocardium. Intuitionally many ...
Kesharaju Manasa - - 2013
Ceramic tiles, used in body armour systems, are currently inspected visually offline using an X-ray technique that is both time consuming and very expensive. The aim of this research is to develop a methodology to detect, locate and classify various manufacturing defects in Reaction Sintered Silicon Carbide (RSSC) ceramic tiles, ...
Zhang Baozhong - - 2013
Classical theory predicts that branching defects are unavoidable in large dendritic molecules when steric congestion is important. Here we report first experimental evidence of this effect via labelling measurements of an extended homologous series of generations g=1…6 of dendronized polymers. This system exhibits a single type of defect interrogated specifically ...
Vajgel André - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the literature data regarding the critical size defect (CSD) in adult rat calvaria and to determine which defect dimensions could be considered as being critical size. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A literature search was conducted at Ovid Medline and Embase up to July 2012. Studies presenting with ...
Mohapatra Devi Prasad - - 2013
Acquired ear lobe defects are common and varied. Reconstruction of ear lobe is difficult and the purpose of reconstruction is purely cosmetic. A variety of methods have been described for reconstruction of defects of the ear lobule although selecting an appropriate method of reconstruction has been difficult due to lack ...
Peiro Jose L - - 2013
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess the feasibility of single-access fetal endoscopy (SAFE) for the management of myelomeningocele (MMC) using intrauterine carbon dioxide as a distension medium in a sheep model. METHODS: This prospective experimental case-control study investigated 12 lamb fetuses that had a myelomeningocele-like defect surgically created on the ...
Englert Jan M - - 2013
We report on the introduction of a systematic method for the quantitative and reliable characterization of covalently functionalized graphene based on Scanning-Raman-Microscopy (SRM). This allows for recording and analyzing several thousands of Raman spectra per sample and straightforward display of various Raman properties and their correlations with each other in ...
McAvity David M - - 2013
We consider a model for the evolution of cooperation in a population where individuals may have one of a number of different heritable and distinguishable markers or tags. Individuals interact with each of their neighbours on a square lattice by either cooperating by donating some benefit at a cost to ...
Morris L L Otolaryngology - - 2013
Background Stereolithographic (SLA) models have become a valuable resource in preoperative planning in maxillofacial reconstruction. The objective of this study was to perform a defect specific analysis of the utility of SLA models. The goal was to determine the manner in which the perceived benefit of preoperative modeling translates to ...
Krasnow Max M - - 2013
Humans are often generous, even towards strangers encountered by chance and even in the absence of any explicit information suggesting they will meet again. Because game theoretic analyses typically conclude that a psychology designed for direct reciprocity should defect in such situations, many have concluded that alternative explanations for human ...
Lorenz Andrea - - 2013
Cartilage defects and osteoarthritis (OA) have an increasing incidence in the aging population. A wide range of treatment options are available. The introduction of each new treatment requires controlled, evidence based, histological and biomechanical studies to identify potential benefits. Especially for the biomechanical testing there is a lack of established ...
Hatano Asako - - 2013
Objective The present study elucidates the relationship between the locations of rib defects and loss of respiratory function.Methods Ten sets of three-dimensional finite element models were produced from computed tomography data of 10 persons and categorized as normal type models. These models were modified by removing part of the ribs, ...
Orth Patrick - - 2013
Advanced tissue engineering approaches for articular cartilage repair in the knee joint rely on translational animal models. In these investigations, cartilage defects may be established either in one joint (unilateral design) or in both joints of the same animal (bilateral design). We hypothesized that a lower intra-individual variability following the ...
Hatano Asako - - 2013
Objective: In the practice of plastic surgery, ribs and cartilage are often harvested for use in auto-grafts. This study aimed to elucidate the effect of such harvesting on the inspiration movement of the thorax. Materials and Methods: Sixteen three-dimensional computer simulation models were produced by reference to the CT data ...
Guérin G - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Ventral hernia repairs (VHRs) still exhibit clinical complications in terms of recurrence, pain, and discomfort. Factors such as surgical technique or mesh features are thought to be highly influent. The aim was to evaluate the impact of the defect size, the mesh overlap and the fixation depth on VHR ...
Balogh Zoltán - - 2013
In this article we present a statistical fitting method for evaluation of atomic reconstructions which does not require a coarse-graining step. The fitting compares different models of chemical structure in their capability to explain the measured data set by a least square type merit function. Only preliminary qualitative assumptions about ...
Shutters Shade T - - 2013
The use of 2-player strategic games is one of the most common frameworks for studying the evolution of economic and social behavior. Games are typically played between two players, each given two choices that lie at the extremes of possible behavior (e.g. completely cooperate or completely defect). Recently there has ...
Krams Indrikis - - 2013
Reciprocal altruism describes a situation in which an organism acts in a manner that temporarily reduces its fitness while increasing another organism's fitness, but there is an ultimate fitness benefit based on an expectation that the other organism will act in a similar manner at a later time. It creates ...
O'Sullivan Daniel J - - 2013
The microbial profile of cheese is a primary determinant of cheese quality. Microorganisms can contribute to aroma and taste defects, form biogenic amines, cause gas and secondary fermentation defects, and can contribute to cheese pinking and mineral deposition issues. These defects may be as a result of seasonality and the ...
Sultan Torky - - 2013
NONE DECLARED Defect tracking systems play an important role in the software development organizations as they can store historical information about defects. There are many research in defect tracking models and systems to enhance their capabilities to be more specifically tracking, and were adopted with new technology. Furthermore, there are ...
Arora Ankit - - 2013
Space closure in the maxillary anterior segment using direct composite is one of the most challenging esthetic procedures. The challenge lies in determining and achieving the correct dimensions. Various mathematical principles that have been observed in esthetically pleasing smiles can be applied to simplify the procedure and achieve symmetry while ...
Moreno-Lizaranzu Manuel J - - 2013
Electronic sensors are widely used in different application areas, and in some of them, such as automotive or medical equipment, they must perform with an extremely low defect rate. Increasing reliability is paramount. Outlier detection algorithms are a key component in screening latent defects and decreasing the number of customer ...
Cho Raymond R Center for Neural Basis of Cognition, University of Pittsburgh , Pittsburgh, PA , USA ; Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh , Pittsburgh, PA , - - 2013
Recent work on the mechanisms underlying auditory verbal hallucination (AVH) has been heavily informed by self-monitoring accounts that postulate defects in an internal monitoring mechanism as the basis of AVH. A more neglected alternative is an account focusing on defects in auditory processing, namely a spontaneous activation account of auditory ...
Lambrix Patrick P Department of Computer and Information Science / Swedish e-Science Research Centre, Linköping University, 581 83 Linköping, Sweden. - - 2013
With the increased use of ontologies and ontology mappings in semantically-enabled applications such as ontology-based search and data integration, the issue of detecting and repairing defects in ontologies and ontology mappings has become increasingly important. These defects can lead to wrong or incomplete results for the applications. We propose a ...
Kwak Dae-Ho - - 2013
This study presents a fault detection of roller bearings through signal processing and optimization techniques. After the occurrence of scratch-type defects on the inner race of bearings, variations of kurtosis values are investigated in terms of two different data processing techniques: minimum entropy deconvolution (MED), and the Teager-Kaiser Energy Operator ...
Lam Allen - - 2013
The skull base is an intricate interface between the cranium and face allowing the passageway of vital structures. Anatomic conceptualization forms the platform for surgical approaches and solutions to skull base pathology. Understanding embryogenesis provides further depth into the pathophysiology of congenital defects. This chapter aims to highlight skull base ...
Rosenbluth J - - 2012
The dysmyelinating mouse mutant quaking (qk) is thought to be a model of schizophrenia based on diminution of CNS myelin (Andreone et al., 2007) and downregulation of the Qk gene (Haroutunian et al., 2006) in the brains of schizophrenic patients. The purpose of this study was to identify specific structural ...
- - 2012
Cover: A model for LTBP assembly into WT and fibrillin-1-microfibril defective matrix. Please see article by Zilberberg et al., pages 3828-3836, in this issue.
Murray Jane S - - 2012
In a continuing effort to further explore the use of the average local ionization energy [Formula: see text] as a computational tool, we have investigated how well [Formula: see text] computed on molecular surfaces serves as a predictive tool for identifying the sites of the more reactive electrons in several ...
Kalbac Martin - - 2012
Contrary to theoretical estimates based on the conventional binary collision model, experimental results indicate that the number of defects in the lower layer of the bi-layer graphene sample is smaller than in the upper layer. This observation is explained by in situ self-annealing of the defects.
Terentyev D - - 2012
In this work, we present a comprehensive combined modelling approach to study the annealing of lattice defects in dilute and concentrated metallic alloys. The developed approach consists in the combination of molecular dynamics, atomistic kinetic Monte Carlo (AKMC) and mean field rate theory methods, linked at appropriate time and space ...
Yang Jianping - - 2012
Behavioral Caenorhabditis elegans mutants are sought for the purposes of neurobiological research. Until now, large numbers of worms with neuronal defects have been obtained through mutagenesis techniques. However, the existing screening procedures are not only time-consuming and low-throughput, but also tedious and labor-intensive. Therefore, developing a rapid and convenient method ...
Raj Rishi - - 2012
Understanding the complexities associated with contact line dynamics on chemically heterogeneous and superhydrophobic surfaces is important for a wide variety of engineering problems. Despite significant efforts to capture the behavior of a droplet on these surfaces over the past few decades, modeling of the complex dynamics at the three-phase contact ...
Slack-Smith Linda - - 2012
There is the potential for substantial gains in dental epidemiology with increasing use of population-level data and data linkage. The advantage of population record linkage, from an epidemiological perspective, is that it is not biased and no-one is excluded. This has important implications for human rights because generally the people ...
Liao Yi Lan - - 2012
To develop a new technique for assessing the risk of birth defects, which are a major cause of infant mortality and disability in many parts of the world. The region of interest in this study was Heshun County, the county in China with the highest rate of neural tube defects ...
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