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Lee Sak S Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Severance Cardiovascular Hospital, Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
This study was conducted to evaluate the surgical outcomes of active infective endocarditis with aortic root abscess formation. Between February 1999 and June 2012, 49 patients underwent surgery for active endocarditis with aortic root abscess. The infected valve was native in 29 patients and prosthetic in 20 patients. The patients' ...
Gascoyne Trevor C TC Orthopaedic Innovation - - 2014
Background and purpose - We previously reported on a randomized controlled trial (RCT) that examined the effect of adding tobramycin to bone cement after femoral stem migration. The present study examined femoral head penetration into both conventional and highly crosslinked polyethylene acetabular liners in the same group of RCT patients, ...
Gralnek Ian M IM GI Outcomes Unit, Department of Gastroenterology, Rambam Health Care Campus, and Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, - - 2014
A number of interesting abstracts on gastrointestinal bleeding and endoscopy were presented at Digestive Disease Week (DDW) this year (3 - 6 May 2014, Chicago, Illinois). The following abstracts are those that have particular high clinical importance and the potential for direct impact on the endoscopic care of patients with gastrointestinal bleeding.
Jiang Hanqiang H Division of Cerebrovascular Surgery and Interventional Neuroradiology, Department of Neurosurgery, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, P.R. - - 2014
Object The outcome of patients with hemorrhagic moyamoya disease (MMD) after cerebral revascularization is uncertain. The purpose of this study was to delineate the efficacy of this surgical method in the treatment of hemorrhagic MMD. Methods Between January 2007 and August 2011, a consecutive cohort of 113 patients with hemorrhagic ...
Watson David I DI *Flinders Medical Centre, Department of Surgery, Flinders University, Bedford Park, South Australia, Australia †Royal Adelaide Hospital, Discipline of Surgery, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia ‡Cabrini Hospital, Malvern, Victoria, Australia §Department of Surgery, Austin Hospital, University of Melbourne, Heidelberg, Victoria, - - 2014
Determine whether absorbable or nonabsorbable mesh in repair of large hiatus hernias reduces the risk of recurrence, compared with suture repair. Repair of large hiatus hernia is associated with radiological recurrence rates of up to 30%, and to improve outcomes mesh repair has been recommended. Previous trials have shown less ...
Takatori Yoshio Y Division of Science for Joint Reconstruction, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo , Tokyo , - - 2014
Objectives. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical safety and wear-resistance of the novel highly cross-linked polyethylene (HXLPE) acetabular liner with surface grafting of poly(2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine) (PMPC) at 3 years after total hip replacement (THR). Methods. Eighty consecutive patients underwent cementless THR using a 26-mm diameter cobalt-chromium-molybdenum alloy femoral head ...
Nam Jang-Hyun JH Naam Clinic for Women's - - 2014
To assess the results of abdominal ultrasound-guided transvaginal myometrial core needle biopsy (CNB) for the definitive diagnosis of adenomyosis DESIGN: A retrospective study (Canadian Task Force classification II-3) SETTING: Private practice PATIENTS: A total of 1032 consecutive premenopausal patients aged between 22 and 53 years who had undergone myometrial CNB ...
Rule Andrew D AD Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Department of Medicine and Division of Epidemiology, Department of Health Sciences Research, Division of Epidemiology, Department of Health Sciences Research, and - - 2014
Most patients with first-time kidney stones undergo limited evaluations, and few receive preventive therapy. A prediction tool for the risk of a second kidney stone episode is needed to optimize treatment strategies. We identified adult first-time symptomatic stone formers residing in Olmsted County, Minnesota, from 1984 to 2003 and manually ...
Idestrup Chris C From the *Medical-Dental-Midwifery Staff Association, Acute Pain Service, and Department of Anaesthesiology, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto; †School of Nursing, Queens University, Kingston, and North York General Hospital, Toronto; ‡Department of Anaesthesiology and the Holland Orthopaedic and Arthritic Centre, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre; and §Sunnybrook Research Institute, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Multimodal analgesia, including continuous femoral block, is often used to manage postoperative pain following total knee arthroplasty. To reduce the risk of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolus formation, anticoagulation is also a part of the care for patients who undergo total knee arthroplasty. However, the concurrent use of continuous ...
Lee Sunyoung S Department of Radiology and Center for Imaging Science, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, 81 Irwon-ro, Gangnam-gu, Seoul 135-710, - - 2014
To evaluate changes in liver function and portal hypertension parameters after repeated percutaneous radiofrequency (RF) ablation for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with cirrhosis. This study included 24 patients (male-to-female ratio, 15:9; mean age, 59.4 y) with early-stage HCC (mean tumor size, 1.91 cm) and cirrhosis who underwent three consecutive ...
Kang Ho Won HW Department of Urology, College of Medicine, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, Republic of - - 2014
To assess the influence of dyslipidemia on urinary lithogenic metabolites and stone recurrence in stone formers. We retrospectively selected 321 patients with urolithiasis who had been followed up for >24 months between 2004 and 2009. Fasting blood samples were taken, and serum lipid profiles were measured. All subjects also underwent 24-hour ...
Wei Ning N Department of Interventional Radiology, The Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical College, 99 West Huai-hai Road, Xuzhou, 221006, Jiangsu, - - 2014
This report details our preliminary results of ventilation catheter-assisted airway stenting under local anaesthesia for airway stenosis. Fifteen consecutive patients with airway stenosis underwent ventilation catheter-assisted airway stenting under local anaesthesia. A 4F angiographic catheter was used as the ventilation catheter. During the treatment, the distal tip of the ventilation ...
Buratto Edward E Cardiac Surgery Unit, The Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Melbourne, Australia - - 2014
Partial atrioventricular septal defect (pAVSD) is routinely repaired with a low mortality. However, limited data are available on the long-term follow-up of these patients. The current study was designed to determine long-term survival and morbidity of a large cohort of patients operated on at a single institution. From 1975 to ...
Aksakal O O Zekai Tahir Burak Women's Health Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey - - - 2014
Few studies have demonstrated the effects of the sacrospinous ligament fixation (SLF) in the long-term period. Aim of the study was to evaluate the short- and long-term outcomes of SLF. This was a longitudinal cohort study. Fifty-one patients who had undergone SLF were evaluated postoperatively at 1 and 7 years. ...
Quesada Rita R From the *Instituto Municipal de Investigación Médica; Departments of †Surgery and ‡Pathology, Hospital del Mar; and §Department of Animal Surgery, Veterinary Faculty, University of Barcelona, Barcelona; ∥Department of Pathology, Hospital Clínico Universitario "Lozano Blesa," Zaragoza; and ¶Department of Electronic Engineering, Polytechnic University of Valencia, Valencia, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine whether radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of the pancreas and subsequent transection of the main pancreatic duct may avoid the risk of both necrotizing pancreatitis and postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) formation. Thirty-two rats were subjected to RFA and section of the pancreas over their ...
Stone Jonathan Jay - - 2014
The placement of a cerebrospinal fluid shunt is an effective treatment for hydrocephalus, but the failure rate remains high. There is an unclear association between the shunt components that are modified during revision and subsequent failure rate. A retrospective analysis was performed using a pediatric shunt database from 1990 to ...
Nunoue Tomokazu T *Department of Gastroenterology, Tsuyama Chuo Hospital, Tsuyama †Division of Endoscopy, Okayama University Hospital, Okayama, - - 2014
Endoscopic therapy has been demonstrated to be effective in achieving hemostasis for bleeding peptic ulcers. Thermal coagulation is one of the most commonly used methods, with a high success rate. Recently, endoscopic submucosal dissection for early gastric carcinoma was developed and hemostasis with soft coagulation using hemostatic forceps was introduced. ...
Inokawa Yoshikuni Y Gastroenterological Surgery, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, 65 Tsurumai-cho, Showa-ku, Nagoya, 466-8550, Japan. - - 2014
Hepatitis C virus infection due to contamination in large-pool clotting factor concentrate is a major co-morbidity in adult patients with hemophilia. Although the development of hepatocellular carcinoma following infection with hepatitis virus is a crucial health problem, there are few reports of hemophilia patients undergoing liver resection for hepatocellular carcinoma. ...
Güell Jose L JL *Director of Cornea and Refractive Surgery Unit, Instituto Microcirugía Ocular, Barcelona, Spain, and Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; †Cornea and Refractive Surgery Unit, Instituto Microcirugía Ocular, Barcelona, Spain; ‡Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; §Department of Mathematics at Universitat de Girona, Girona, Spain; Cornea and Refractive Surgery Unit, Instituto Microcirugía Ocular, Barcelona, Spain; and ¶Instituto de Microcirugía Ocular, Barcelona, Spain, and Department of Cornea and Anterior Segment Diseases and Department of Refractive Surgery of the Institut Clinic d'Oftalmologia, Hospital Clinic i Provincial, Barcelona, - - 2014
The aim was to study the visual and refractive results in patients with epithelization in the corneal interface after laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) who were treated by cleaning the corneal interface (epithelial cyst extraction) and suturing the corneal flap. This is a retrospective, noncomparative interventional case series. The main ...
Al-Taai Nameer N a Former Orthodontic Resident, Department of Orthodontics, Department of Odontology, Umeå University, Umeå, - - 2014
Objective: To evaluate the effects of rapid maxillary expansion (RME) on nocturnal enuresis (NE) related to the nasal airway, nasal breathing, and plasma osmolality (as an indicator for antidiuretic hormone). Materials and Methods: Nineteen patients with monosymptomatic primary NE, aged 6-15 years, were treated with RME for 10-15 days. To exclude a ...
Alsina Ena E 1 Department of Radiology, General University Hospital Elche , Alicante, Spain - - 2014
Abstract Background: Venous thromboembolism is the most common postoperative medical complication after bariatric surgery. Mortality associated with thromboembolic processes can reach up to 50%-75%. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and portal-splenic-mesenteric vein thrombosis (PSMVT) in our population undergoing laparoscopic sleeve ...
Kim Eun Ran ER Department of Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Second-look endoscopy is performed to check for the possibility of post-endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) bleeding and to perform prophylactic hemostasis in most hospitals; however, there is little evidence about the efficacy of second-look endoscopy. We investigated whether second-look endoscopy after ESD is useful in the prevention of post-ESD bleeding. A ...
Ascolani Marta M *Gastroenterology Unit, Department of Systems Medicine, University of Rome "Tor Vergata", Roma, Italy; †Department of Medicine, DIMED, Pathology Unit, University of Padova, Padova, Italy; and ‡Pathology Unit, Department of Surgery, and §Surgical Unit, Department of Surgery, University of Rome "Tor Vergata", Roma, - - 2014
Colonic metaplasia has been described in pouchitis. In a prospective study, we investigated whether colonic phenotype may develop in Crohn's disease (CD) ileum. The expression of sulfomucins (colonic mucin), sialomucins, and CD10 (small intestine mucin and phenotype) was evaluated before and after ileocolonic resection for CD. From February 2007 to ...
Laviola Marianna M Dipartimentodi Elettronica, Informazione e Bioingegneria, Politecnico di Milano, Milano, - - 2014
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) consists of an incomplete formation of the diaphragm and the subsequent herniation of abdominal bowels. Diaphragmatic defect can be repaired by primary closure or placing a patch. Respiratory follow up usually focuses on spirometric and clinical evaluation. The aim of the study was to assess thoraco-abdominal ...
Obaid Sami S Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, Hôpital Notre Dame - Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CHUM), Montréal, Quebec, - - 2014
Background Although endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) is the first-line treatment for obstructive hydrocephalus due to various pathologies, its role in hemorrhage-related obstructive hydrocephalus is poorly defined. We report our experience with ETV for hemorrhage-related obstructive hydrocephalus, demonstrate it feasibility, and discuss potential advantages over more conventional treatment modalities. Methods We performed a ...
Kari Fabian A FA Cardiovascular Surgery, Heart Center, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany - - 2014
Technical variations of the David reimplantation valve-sparing aortic root replacement (V-SARR) procedure have been proposed to be advantageous in patients with connective tissue disease, such as the Marfan syndrome (MFS). We report results of a Marfan cohort treated exclusively with the non-modified David I procedure. Forty-eight Marfan patients (25 males, ...
Navaneethan Udayakumar U Digestive Disease Institute, The Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA, - - 2014
Endoscopic treatment for esophageal perforation with stenting is an alternative to surgery. There is no data on the impact of timing of esophageal stent placement and outcomes in patients with esophageal perforation. To determine the significance of timing of esophageal stent placement on short-term (30-day complications) and long-term clinical outcomes ...
Arzola Cristian C From the Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management, Mount Sinai Hospital (CA, RM, JCAC), Department of Anesthesia, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada - - 2014
Ultrasound imaging of the spine is thought to reduce failed and traumatic neuraxial procedures. Most of the evidence supporting this assumption has been produced in the context of an expert sonographer performing the ultrasound assessment, and it remains unknown whether this technique is useful when used by multiple individual operators. ...
Michielon Guido G Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands - - 2014
Fontan failure (FF) represents a growing and challenging indication for paediatric orthotopic heart transplantation (OHT). The aim of this study was to identify predictors of the best mid-term outcome in OHT after FF. Twenty-year multi-institutional retrospective analysis on OHT for FF. Between 1991 and 2011, 61 patients, mean age 15.0 ...
Harnroongroj Thos T Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10700, Thailand. E-mail address for Thossart Harnroongroj: - - 2014
Satisfactory results of implantation of the talar body prosthesis were reported in 1997, although some complications associated with the initial design were noted. The present study evaluated outcomes of treatment with a modified talar body prosthesis.METHODS: Of the thirty-six talar body prostheses implanted with use of a transmalleolar surgical approach ...
Murashita Takashi T Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital, Kobe, Hyogo, - - 2014
Background Atrial fibrillation (AF) adversely affects surgical outcomes of mitral valve surgery. However, the long-term impact of Maze procedure has not been clear yet. Patients and Methods We retrospectively investigated 159 patients who underwent mitral valve repair for degenerative mitral regurgitation with persistent AF between 1991 and 2010. The mean age of ...
Hikichi Takuto T Department of Endoscopy, Fukushima Medical University - - 2014
[Aim] The efficacy of pre-procedure oral proton pump inhibitor (PPI) administration for gastric endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is unclear. This study evaluated oral PPI administration effectiveness on the day of ESD to prevent post-ESD bleeding. [Methods] This study examined 55 patients who underwent ESD for gastric neoplasm. Group A comprised ...
Kobayashi Adam A Interventional Stroke Treatment Centre, Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology, Warsaw, Poland; Second Department of Neurology, Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology, Warsaw, - - 2014
Dural arteriovenous fistulae can cause intracranial hemorrhage, but influences on this are unclear. We searched Ovid MEDLINE (from 1966), Embase (from 1980), and the Cochrane Library in September 2013 for studies of ≥50 adults with dural arteriovenous fistulae describing death or intracranial hemorrhage. Of 16 studies of retrospective associations between ...
Kuo Feng-Chih - - 2014
BackgroundThe patients aged ¿80 years have been considered to have a higher risk of mortality, postoperative complications, and longer hospital stay following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) than younger patients. The purposes of this retrospective study were to review the results of TKA in patients aged ¿80 years after a preoperative consultation.MethodsSeventy-five patients ...
Nakahara Kazunari K Kazunari Nakahara, Chiaki Okuse, Keigo Suetani, Yosuke Michikawa, Fumio Itoh, Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, St. Marianna University School of Medicine, Kawasaki 216-8511, - - 2014
To investigate the need for pancreatic stenting after endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST) in patients with difficult biliary cannulation. Between April 2008 and August 2013, 2136 patients underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)-related procedures. Among them, 55 patients with difficult biliary cannulation who underwent EST after bile duct cannulation using the pancreatic duct ...
Nappi Francesco F Department of Cardiac Surgery, Centre Cardiologique du Nord, Paris, - - 2014
This study examines the outcomes of the cryopreserved mitral homograft in 110 patients prospectively followed with clinical, echocardiographic and structural valve deterioration (SVD) assessments. The etiology of mitral disease was: rheumatic disease (n = 70), endocarditis (n = 33), and others (n = 7). There were 31 partial homografts and 79 total homografts. Mitro-aortic homograft valve ...
Choi Jin Woo JW Department of Radiology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, #101 Daehak-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul, 110-744, - - 2014
To address technical feasibility and clinical outcome of transcatheter embolotherapy with N-butyl cyanoacrylate (NBCA) for bleeding ectopic varices. The institutional review board approved this retrospective study and waived informed consent. From January 2004 to June 2013, a total of 12 consecutive patients received transcatheter embolotherapy using NBCA for bleeding ectopic ...
Cresti Alberto A aDivision of Cardiology, Misericordia Hospital, Grosseto bDepartment of Cardiac Surgery, University of Siena, Siena cG. Pasquinucci Heart Hospital, Massa dInstitute of Clinical Physiology, National Council of Research, F. G. Monasterio, Pisa, - - 2014
Incidence of primary cardiac tumors (PCTs) is not known. Literature data derive from autoptic studies or echocardiographic registries. An incidence of 1 of 1000 autoptic and 1.5 of 1000 echocardiographic study is reported but data from a general population are not available. The aim of our study was to evaluate ...
Debernardi Venon Wilma W Gastro-Hepatology Unit, San Giovanni Battista Hospital, University of Turin, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Endoscopic variceal ligation (EVL) is recommended to treat esophageal varices (EV) in cirrhosis and portal hypertension. A program of endoscopic surveillance is not clearly established. The aim of this prospective randomized trial was to assess the most effective timing of endoscopic monitoring after variceal eradication and its impact on the ...
Hyams Elias S ES Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, - - 2014
Flexible ureteroscopy (URS) is rapidly becoming a first-line therapy for many with renal and ureteral stones. However, the present understanding of treatment outcomes for patients with isolated proximal ureteral stones is limited. Therefore, we performed a prospective, multi-institutional study of ureteroscopic management of proximal ureteral stones < 2 cm in ...
Ragnarsson Sigurdur S Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Skane University Hospital, Lund University, Lund, Sweden - - 2014
Resection techniques are the established method for posterior mitral valve leaflet repair in degenerative mitral valve disease. However, implantation of expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) neochordae is gaining acceptance. The aim of this study was to compare the durability and clinical outcome following mitral valve repair using ePTFE neochordae or leaflet resection. ...
Rozen Guy G aInterventional Cardiology Unit, The Leviev Heart Center, Chaim Sheba Medical Center bDepartment of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, The Leviev Heart Center, Tel Hashomer, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, - - 2014
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is thought to change the characteristics and outcome of patients with aortic stenosis undergoing surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR). We investigated the difference in clinical characteristics and outcomes of SAVR patients in the TAVI era. Two cohorts of consecutive patients undergoing isolated SAVR for severe ...
Meszaros Katharina K Department for Cardiovascular Surgery, University Hospital Berne, Berne, Switzerland Department for General Surgery, Medical University of Graz, Graz, - - 2014
To report the mid-term results of aortic root replacement using a self-assembled biological composite graft, consisting of a vascular tube graft and a stented tissue valve. Between January 2005 and December 2011, 201 consecutive patients [median age 66 (interquartile range, IQR, 55-77) years, 31 female patients (15.4%), median logistic EuroSCORE ...
Guo Yan Y aDepartment of Gastroenterology, The No. 456 Hospital of People's Liberation Army, Jinan bDepartment of Gastroenterology, The No. 307 Hospital of People's Liberation Army, Beijing cDepartment of Gastroenterology, Digestive Endoscopy Center, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, People's Republic of - - 2014
Endoscopic placement of a iodine-125 radioactive stent is useful to treat obstructive jaundice with unresectable periampullary tumors. This study aimed to retrospectively evaluate the obstructive component of biliary radioactive stents and discuss the different obstructive mechanism with common plastic stents. Twenty consecutive patients with malignant obstruction underwent insertion of stents ...
Abdu Lawan L Department of Ophthalmology, Nose and Throat, Faculty of Medicine, Bayero University, Kano, - - 2014
Objective: To determine the pattern of naso-lachrymal duct obstruction (NLDO) and outcome of dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) in children in Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital Kano, over a 5-year period. Patients and Methods: The clinic and theater registers were used to retrieve the records of all patients below the age of 15 years ...
Kim Mimi M Division of Gastrointestinal and Minimally Invasive Surgery, Carolinas Medical Center, Charlotte, North Carolina, - - 2014
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) may represent a superior alternative to reoperative fundoplication in patients with symptomatic failure. Our goal was to assess early outcomes of patients after RYGB for failed fundoplication. Records of patients who underwent fundoplication takedown and RYGB from March 2007 to June 2013 were reviewed for demographics, ...
Fu Yu Fei YF Department of Interventional Radiology, The Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical College, Xuzhou, China. - - 2014
We aimed to report our preliminary results of subcarinal ventilation-assisted Y-shaped stent insertion under local anesthesia for patients with complex lower tracheal-carinal-main bronchial complex stenosis. Seven consecutive patients with lower tracheal-carinal-main bronchial complex stenosis underwent Y-shaped stent insertion under local anesthesia. During the procedure, subcarinal ventilation was performed using a ...
Ida Tori T Division of Hematology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kashiwazaki General Hospital and Medical - - 2014
We present a systemic primary AL amyloidosis patient with severe gastrointestinal bleeding for whom treatment with bortezomib and dexamethasone was very effective. An 83-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital suffering from multiple gastric ulcers with bleeding. She had monoclonal protein (IgG, λ) in her serum. Systemic primary AL amyloidosis ...
Cozzani M M University of Cagliary, School of Dentistry Cagliari, - - 2014
The objective of this paper is to show the clinical results after the repeated application of a Haas expander for rapid maxillary expansion (RME) anchored onto deciduous teeth in a 7-year-old patient that presented bilateral cross-bite, superior crowding and no space for permanent lateral incisors eruption. A first Haas expander ...
Abboud Emad B EB Vitreoretinal Division, King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi - - 2014
Perfluoro-n-octane (PFO) is commonly used in vitreoretinal surgery. In this case report, we present a 35-year-old patient with retained PFO up to 9 years after par plana vitrectomy. Post-operatively, PFO bubbles occupied 15% of the anterior chamber (AC). Follow-up over 9 years, consistently showed a quiet AC, normal intraocular pressure ...
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