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Chen Qiu-Yu QY Department of Physiology, Dalian Medical University, Dalian, 116044, Liaoning Province, - - 2014
I have a question for the experimental design of Anja Gallinat et al. (2014 Jun 30)[1]. In their research, porcine kidneys were preserved in static HTK at 4 °C for 18 h. After that they divided the kidneys into the following three groups (n = 6, respectively): Group 1: Cold-stored kidneys ...
Choi Cheol Hee CH Department of Pharmacology, Bio New Drug Development, Chosun University , - - 2014
Abstract Conclusions: No significant subepithelial healing differences were found between Gelfoam and polyurethane foam (PUF). However, levels of hyperplasia of the mucosal lining and inflammation were lower with PUF packing. PUF packing is not feasible as a middle ear packing material for abraded mucosa. Further studies are required before clinical ...
Guerra Mark L ML Physiotherapy Department, Eastern Health, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia - - 2014
To systematically review the effect of early mobilization after hip or knee joint replacement surgery on length of stay in an acute hospital. Randomized controlled trials were selected from electronic databases based on inclusion criterion requiring an experimental group mobilizing (sitting out of bed/walking) earlier than a comparison group post ...
Grieco Preston W PW Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Rehabilitation Medicine, SUNY Downstate Medical Center/University Hospital Brooklyn, Brooklyn, NY, USA - - 2014
Numerous suturing techniques have been described to treat Achilles tendon ruptures. No prior studies have evaluated frayed tendon ends on construct strength and whether this allows for less extensile exposure. Forty bovine Achilles tendons were divided into groups: 1 control and 4 experimental. Experimental groups were sectioned with ends frayed ...
Altuntas Nilgun N Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Kecioren Training and Research Hospital, Pınarbaşı Mah. Sanatoryum Cad. Ardahan Sok. No: 25, 06380, Kecioren, Ankara, Turkey, - - 2014
We aimed to evaluate a recently defined technique based on bladder stimulation and paravertebral lumbar massage maneuvers in collecting a midstream clean-catch urine sample in newborns. A total of 127 term newborns were randomly assigned either to the experimental group or the control group. Twenty-five minutes after feeding, the genital ...
Alrbata Raed H RH a Former Research Assistant, Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, - - 2014
ABSTRACT Objectives: To investigate the performance of microimplants incorporating a newly designed asymmetric thread. Materials and Methods: Three microimplants were compared. The control group comprised microimplants with the original v-shaped thread. The two experimental groups (Taper 1.0 and Taper 1.25) comprised prototype microimplants constructed with the new asymmetric thread; the ...
Patel Nishtha N Senior Lecturer, Department of Conservative Dentistry & Endodontics, College of Dental Sciences , Manipur, Ahmedabad, India - - 2014
Introduction: Furcation perforation can have a negative impact on the prognosis of the affected tooth by compromising the attached apparatus. Hence these perforations require immediate repair. A variety of materials have been suggested for repair, of that MTA is the most promising material. The purpose of this study was to ...
Ustun Yakup Y Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Erciyes University , Kayseri , - - 2014
Abstract Objective. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of residual calcium hydroxide [Ca(OH)2] on the accuracy of an electronic apex locator (EAL). Materials and methods. Working lengths (WLs) of 56 extracted maxillary incisors were determined initially by two different methods. The first method used the 'APEX' ...
Zhao Jia-Guo JG Departments of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hand Surgery, Sports Medicine and Arthroscopic Surgery, Orthopaedic Radiology, and Orthopaedic Traumatology, Tianjin Hospital, Clinical College of Orthopaedic Surgery, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine the overall success rate and potential influencing factors within the current evidence for percutaneous first annular pulley release. We searched PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library for all clinical studies of percutaneous release. The rates of successful procedure and complication were extracted and analyzed. We charted the overall ...
Kim Tea-Woo TW Department of Rehabilitation Science, The Graduate School, Jeonju University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to verify the effect of sideways treadmill training with and without visual blocking on the balance and gait function of patients with brain lesions. [Subjects] Twenty-four stroke and traumatic brain injury subjects participated in this study. They were divided into two groups: an ...
Funaki Takeshi T Department of Neurosurgery, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, - - 2013
In the study of pediatric moyamoya disease, information on long-term social outcomes and risk factors for unfavorable social outcomes remains insufficient. The authors analyzed the long-term results of surgical revascularization for pediatric patients with moyamoya disease to determine whether the involvement of a stenoocclusive lesion in the posterior cerebral artery ...
Adeli Mohadese M Torbateheydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbateheydariyeh, IR - - 2013
Gastrointestinal complications are the main complication in patients after cesarean section. Previous studies have reported different results about the effect of early post cesarean feeding on vomiting, nausea, flatulence and illus. To identify the effect of early post cesarean feeding on gastrointestinal complications. This randomized controlled trial was conducted on ...
- - 2013
We assessed the effect of social deprivation upon the Oxford knee score (OKS), the Short-Form 12 (SF-12) and patient satisfaction after total knee replacement (TKR). An analysis of 966 patients undergoing primary TKR for symptomatic osteoarthritis (OA) was performed. Social deprivation was assessed using the Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation. ...
Torelli P - - 2012
In the field of so-called chronic daily headache, it is not easy for migraine that worsens progressively until it becomes daily or almost daily to find a precise and universally recognized place within the current international headache classification systems. A proposal is advanced to differentiate between a form of high-frequency ...
Lupi Alessandro - - 2012
Background. Angio-Seal Evolution (ASE) is a novel vascular closure device (VCD) engineered to reduce deployment skills. It is unknown if these changes translated into better clinical results. Methods and Results. Early VCD failure and major and minor vascular complications were prospectively assessed in 584 consecutive patients treated by ASE (ASE ...
Matsui Satoshi - - 2012
Arteriovenous fistula has superior patency over other accesses, but vascular access intervention therapy (VAIVT) for stenosis or thrombosis still remain major reasons for hospital admission of dialysis patients. The aim of this study was to examine the usefulness of systematic evaluation of vascular access by color-Doppler ultrasound (CDUS). This study ...
Miani P K - - 2011
The present study developed an experimental metronidazole-based gel and evaluated its efficacy for the adjuvant treatment of chronic periodontitis. Sixteen patients were randomly allocated into two groups of eight subjects according to the following proposed treatments: (1) scaling and root planing (active control) or (2) scaling and root planing and ...
Lin Tzu-Chen - - 2011
Aims.  The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of chilled/un-chilled baby oil therapy for treating uremic pruritus in haemodialysis patients. Background.  Uremic pruritus affects 50-90% of haemodialysis patients, which makes it one of the most common medical problems in this population. Pruritus can cause skin infection, desquamation, ...
Shen Ying-Mo - - 2011
BACKGROUND: We compared the effectiveness of n-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate (NBCA) and traditional suture for patch fixation in Lichtenstein tension-free herniorrhaphy for inguinal hernias. METHODS: A total of 110 patients with primary unilateral inguinal hernia were assigned randomly to either experimental or control groups. In the experimental group, NBCA adhesive was used during ...
White J - - 2011
SUMMARYIn non-permanent parasites with low intrinsic mobility such as ticks, dispersal is highly dependent on host movements as well as the timing of separation from the hosts. Optimal detachment behaviour is all the more crucial in nidicolous ticks as the risk of detaching in non-suitable habitat is high. In this ...
Yurtçu Müslim - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to compare surgical management with or without a nasogastric tube (NGT) to prevent anastomotic stricture that occurred following esophageal repairs (ERs). METHODS: Twelve New Zealand rabbits were divided equally into 2m: with a NGT (experimental group) and without a NGT (control group). A ...
Ozlem Nisbet H - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate bee venom and hyaluronic acid in the intra-articular treatment of osteoarthritis in an experimental rabbit model. Forty-five rabbits were used and they were randomly divided into three groups (BVI, BVII, and HA) and each group was divided to two subgroups to evaluate ...
Tabarsi Payam - - 2011
Currently, the Category (CAT) II regimen is recommended for patients who have failed the CAT I regimen. We have determined before that prevalence of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR TB) is relatively high among these patients. On the other hand, the retreatment success rate with CAT II in CAT I treatment failures ...
Halperin Eran - - 2011
Four studies showed that beliefs about whether groups have a malleable versus fixed nature affected intergroup attitudes and willingness to compromise for peace. Using a nationwide sample (N = 500) of Israeli Jews, Study 1 showed that believing groups were malleable predicted positive attitudes toward Palestinians, which predicted willingness to ...
Barros Rui S M - - 2011
An alternative method of magnification for microvascular anastomosis was analyzed using an ordinary video camera and compared with the traditional method under microscope. For this study 20 rats were divided in two groups of 10 each: control group (microscope-assisted [M]) and experimental group (video-assisted [V]). Magnification was accomplished by a ...
Puill-Stephan E - - 2012
In sessile modular marine invertebrates, chimeras can originate from fusions of closely settling larvae or of colonies that come into contact through growth or movement. While it has been shown that juveniles of brooding corals fuse under experimental conditions, chimera formation in broadcast spawning corals, the most abundant group of ...
Morgan Matthew B - - 2011
Decision support systems for radiologists can provide information during image interpretation that may efficiently improve diagnostic accuracy and increase radiologists' confidence. However, most decision support systems require radiologists to exit PACS, which may deter busy radiologists from pursuing decision support. The purpose of this study was to determine whether radiologists ...
Lee Jin Woong - - 2011
BACKGROUND Ablative carbon dioxide (CO(2) ) fractional resurfacing is a promising therapeutic intervention for the treatment of acne scars, although this technique is associated with prolonged surgical site erythema and edema, which may affect the daily lives of patients. Autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is known to enhance wound healing and ...
Ferrazzano Gianmaria F - - 2011
Abstract The aim of the present study was to test in vivo the effectiveness of an experimental green tea extract in reducing levels of mutans streptococci and lactobacilli in saliva by means of selective culture medium. Sixty-six healthy patients ranging in age from 12 to 18 years were recruited and ...
Song Y - - 2011
Background  Primary observation of using itraconazole pulse regimen (commonly used for onychomycosis) in five sporotrichosis patients produced satisfactory effect, but there are no randomized controlled trials to assess this regimen and to compare with routine continuous regimen. Objectives  The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety ...
Bakhtiary Amir Hoshang - - 2011
Does the localised application of vibration over the hamstrings improve hamstring extensibility? Randomised controlled trial with concealed allocation, intention-to-treat analysis, and assessor blinding. 30 non-athletic females (aged 18-22 yrs) with limited hamstring extensibility bilaterally. The experimental group received 3 sessions of localised application of vibration per week for 8 weeks. ...
Rassai S - - 2011
Pityriasis rosea (PR) is a papulosquamous disease with an unknown aetiology, but recently the role of two herpes viruses human herpes virus 6 and human herpes virus 7 was defined as being the aetiology of PR. The aim of this study was to compare a low dose (400 mg five ...
Bigolin André Vicente - - 2011
Performing experimental studies has played an important role in acquiring knowledge about esophageal carcinogenesis. In this context, the choice of a more reliable experimental model requires proof of its effectiveness in order to lend greater credibility to the results. The objective of this study was to evaluate the patency of ...
Mello Glauco Reggiani - - 2011
To evaluate the use of subconjunctival bevacizumab on corneal neovascularization in an experimental rabbit model for its effect on vessel extension, inflammation, and corneal epithelialization. In this prospective, randomized, blinded, experimental study, 20 rabbits were submitted to a chemical trauma with sodium hydroxide and subsequently divided into two groups. The ...
Jewell Oliver J D - - 2011
We present 15 individual cases of sub-adult white sharks that were SPOT tagged in South Africa from 2003-2004 and have been re-sighted as recently as 2011. Our observations suggest SPOT tags can cause permanent cosmetic and structural damage to white shark dorsal fins depending on the duration of tag attachment. ...
Mihu Coralia N - - 2010
In vitro and in vivo studies suggested that combination of lipid formulation of amphotericin B (L-AMB) and echinocandins may have a synergistic or additive effect against Aspergillus. Furthermore, clinical studies suggested that this combination may improve response of invasive aspergillosis (IA). Between August 1993 and June 2008, the authors identified ...
Willcox Merlin L - - 2011
Argemone mexicana (AM), a validated herbal medicine for uncomplicated malaria, seems to prevent severe malaria without completely clearing parasites in most patients. This study, in a high transmission area of South Mali, explores whether residual parasitaemia at day 28 was associated with subsequent malaria episodes and/or anaemia. Three hundred and ...
Felton Timothy W TW Respiratory Research Group, Faculty of Medicine and the Human Sciences, The University of Manchester, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, Manchester, United Kingdom. - - 2010
Chronic pulmonary aspergillosis (CPA) is a severe, progressive respiratory infection characterized by multiple pulmonary cavities and increased levels of antibodies to Aspergillus species. We report the first use of posaconazole in patients with CPA. A retrospective study was performed. A composite clinical and radiological evaluation was used to assess response ...
Cegolon L - - 2010
London, 2003-2006. To investigate tuberculosis (TB) treatment completion failure in London and associated risk factors during 2003-2006. Cross-sectional analysis of treatment outcome and other explanatory variables in a cohort of TB patients reported to the London TB Register from 2003 to 2006. An innovative definition of TB treatment outcome more ...
Thakur Chandeshwar P - - 2010
Complications of amphotericin B limit its wide application in the treatment of patients with kala-azar. This study was undertaken with an aim to minimize anti-renal complications and severe rigor in course of treatment with this drug. Parasitologically confirmed kala-azar cases (n = 230) were randomized equally into two groups: a ...
Goesch Julia N - - 2010
Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) workers are a group of travellers highly exposed to infectious diseases due to the conditions and duration of their stay. Yet little is known about their knowledge concerning travel related health risks and their prevention. From July to September 2008 a self-administered questionnaire was given to all ...
Bumb R A - - 2010
Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is caused by Leishmania major and L. tropica in the old world. Bikaner, the 'Thar Desert', situated in the north-western corner of India, is an endemic pocket for CL caused by L. tropica. Skin lesions of CL heal slowly, causing disfiguring scars if remaining untreated. Current recommended ...
Ramesh V - - 2010
Subcutaneous zygomycosis is an uncommon condition observed in tropics. Few series have been published, particularly from the northern regions of India. The aim of this study was to describe clinical, investigative and therapeutic details in subcutaneous zygomycosis observed in two teaching hospitals in Delhi. Ten patients seen over a period ...
Paniagua Martin M J - - 2010
The incidence of aspergillosis (ASP) after heart transplantation (HTx) is low (<4%-5%), but the mortality is high (>78%). To determine the incidence of ASP in the first 3 months post-HTx according to the type of prophylaxis and assess the tolerance to these regimens. This retrospective study of 571 adult HTx ...
Revankar S G - - 2011
Candiduria is commonly encountered in hospitalized patients, particularly those with indwelling urinary catheters. While risk factors and therapy are well described in previous studies, little is known about long-term outcomes and recurrence rates of candiduria. We studied 188 patients with candiduria in a retrospective chart review at a single institution ...
Tamukai Kenichi - - 2011
We performed this study in order to establish an effective, simple and safe treatment for chytridiomycosis. The subjects were 12 amphibians (11 anurans of 4 different species and 1 urodela) diagnosed with chytridiomycosis by clinical signs and a PCR test. A 0.01% aqueous solution of the antifungal agent itraconazole was ...
Pérez Rubén - - 2010
A study was done to investigate the effect of parasitism on patterns of doramectin (DRM) fecal elimination in lambs. Fourteen Suffolk Down parasitized lambs (26.9 ± 1.5 kg body weight: bw) were purposely selected for the study. Seven pairs of lambs were allocated into two experimental groups. Group I (non-parasitized) ...
Wingard John R JR University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA. - - 2010
Invasive fungal infection (IFI) is a serious threat after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT). This multicenter, randomized, double-blind trial compared fluconazole (N = 295) versus voriconazole (N = 305) for the prevention of IFI in the context of a structured fungal screening program. Patients undergoing myeloablative allogeneic HCT were randomized ...
Jong Lee Kyung - - 2010
This study compared the results of a tuberculin skin test (TST) and a whole-blood interferon-gamma release assay (IGRA) to screen latent tuberculosis (TB) infection (LTBI) according to risk of TB exposure in South Korea. A cross-sectional comparison of 82 healthcare workers (HCWs) was performed from June 2009 to January 2010. ...
Kochar Dhanpat K - - 2010
This study was conducted to assess the effect of combination treatment of quinine and rabeprazole in the treatment of uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria. The study included 50 patients of uncomplicated P. falciparum malaria. Group 1 (25 patients) received quinine and placebo (Q+P) while Group 2 (25 patients) received quinine and ...
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