Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1359
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Shargie Estifanos Biru - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain whether case-finding through community outreach in a rural setting has an effect on case-notification rate, symptom duration, and treatment outcome of smear-positive tuberculosis (TB). METHODS: We randomly allocated 32 rural communities to intervention or control groups. In intervention communities, health workers from seven health centres held monthly ...
Spraker Mary K - - 2006
Diaper dermatitis (DD) complicated by candidiasis is a common problem in diaper-wearing infants and children. We report a double-blind, vehicle-controlled, parallel-group study evaluating the efficacy and safety of a low concentration of miconazole nitrate in a zinc oxide/petrolatum ointment for the treatment of DD complicated by candidiasis. Patients (N=330) who ...
Jain Lakshmi R - - 2006
Voriconazole is the second oral drug licensed for the treatment of aspergillosis. A retrospective non-comparative study was conducted in 16 patients with chronic cavitary pulmonary aspergillosis (CCPA) treated with voriconazole. All patients had failed or were intolerant of itraconazole. The duration of therapy varied from 3 days to 16.5 months. ...
Aedo, Carlos
An analysis of the qualitative and quantitative characters of Allium sphaerocephalon group in Western Mediterranean is presented. Allium durandoi is considered to be conspecific with A. ebusitanum, of which it becomes a synonym. A map of this species and a key to the group is provided.
Hellqvist, S
The currant shoot borer, Lampronia capitella (Lep., Prodoxidae), is an important pest of currants, Ribes spp., in northern Europe. Oviposition was studied in cage experiments and the flight period was monitored in field studies using pheromone-baited traps. Blackcurrant, Ribes nigrum, was the host species in both studies. The total egg ...
Park Dae Won - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The current recommended therapy for diffuse coccidioidal pneumonia involves initial treatment with amphotericin B deoxycholate or high-dose fluconazole, followed by an azole after clinical improvement. Amphotericin B is more frequently used as initial therapy if the patient's deterioration is rapid. CASE PRESENTATION: A 31-year-old Korean male with coccidioidomycosis presented ...
Schaars C F - - 2006
BACKGROUND: AIDS-associated cryptococcal meningitis has a high mortality. Fluconazole was the only systemic antifungal therapy available in our centre. From 1999-2001 we used low-dose fluconazole (200 mg daily initially), and did not offer therapy to patients perceived to have poor prognoses. In 2001 donated fluconazole became available, allowing us to ...
Shan Yan-Shen - - 2006
The objective of this retrospective comparative study was to improve the outcome of patients with suspected occult Candida infection after gastrointestinal surgery by early presumptive therapy. It was conducted in the National Cheng Kung University Hospital in Taiwan. A total of 36 patients with prolonged ileus with fever after gastrointestinal ...
Tyring Stephen - - 2006
Genital herpes, an incurable viral disease that can have a devastating impact on affected patients, is a serious public health concern affecting one in four Americans. Episodic treatment with nucleoside analogs for 3-5 days is the most common method of treatment; however, since maximum viral replication occurs within 24 hours ...
Avner Shemer - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Itraconazole given in pulse therapy has become popular for onychomycosis treatment since it results in less plasma exposure to the drug while maintaining an effective drug concentration in the nail plate and also increasing patient compliance. OBJECTIVE: The current study aims to evaluate two different regimens of itraconazole for ...
Greenberg R N RN Medicine Service, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Lexington, Kentucky, USA. - - 2006
Zygomycosis, an infection that is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, is becoming common in immunocompromised patients. Posaconazole is a new extended-spectrum azole antifungal that has demonstrated in vitro and in vivo activity against zygomycetes. This report provides the results from the first 24 patients with active zygomycosis who were ...
Bello SO, Muhammad BY, ...
The pattern of infection and in vivo response of uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum   malaria to Chloroquine as first line drug and Quinine, Halofantrine or Sulfadoxine-Pyrimethamine as second line medications was evaluated at nested sentinel points, including Government and Private Practices, for three consecutive months. 559 cases were evaluated of which ...
Sundar Shyam - - 2006
We report the case of a patient with Indian post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis (PKDL) who failed to show any response to 2 months' treatment with sodium stibogluconate. Six months later he was treated with oral miltefosine on a compassionate basis as an off-label indication. Miltefosine was given 100mg daily in divided ...
Törün T - - 2005
SETTING: Süreyyapaşa Centre for Chest Diseases and Thoracic Surgery, Istanbul, Turkey. OBJECTIVE: To report the frequency of treatment side effects in cases of multidrug-resistant (MDR-TB) tuberculosis. DESIGN: A retrospective review of the medical records of 263 patients who received individualised treatment for MDR-TB between April 1992 and June 2004. RESULTS: ...
Menzies D - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Current therapy for latent TB infection (LTBI) is long, and requires close follow-up. This results in sub-optimal adherence-the major reason for failure of therapy. METHODS: In an open label randomised trial comparing 4 months of rifampicin with 9 months of isoniazid, the proportion and regularity of doses taken, measured ...
Altaf Chauhdry - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To study the epidemiology and status of resistance to antimonial compounds of paediatric hospital population with visceral leishmaniasis in Muzaffarabad, Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan. METHODS: Children admitted between January to December 1999 in Azad Kashmir Combined Military Hospital Muzaffarabad and diagnosed as Visceral Leishmaniasis by demonstration of Leishmania ...
Lye D C B - - 2005
Reported here is the case of a 72-year-old man who was diagnosed with Candida glabrata prosthetic mitral valve endocarditis and treated successfully with fluconazole plus caspofungin after he refused and was determined unfit for surgery. Initial treatment with intravenous amphotericin B resulted in acute renal impairment. Despite 8 days of ...
Patterson Thomas F - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In a previous randomized trial of voriconazole versus amphotericin B deoxycholate for primary therapy of invasive aspergillosis, voriconazole demonstrated superior efficacy and better survival. In that trial, treatment with voriconazole or amphotericin B deoxycholate could be followed with other licensed antifungal therapies (OLAT). Here, we report the impact of ...
Mounsey Anne L - - 2005
The recognizable appearance and the dermatomal distribution of herpes zoster lesions usually enable a clinical diagnosis to be made easily. Herpes zoster and postherpetic neuralgia occur mainly in older patients. The role of the varicella vaccine in preventing herpes zoster is uncertain, but is being studied. There is evidence to ...
Shani-Adir Ayelet - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In Israel, most cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is caused by Leishmania major. Recently a new focus of CL caused by Leishmania tropica has been described in Tiberias and the surrounding area of northern Israel. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical (size, number, location, and type of ...
Hoharitanon Saowanee - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Treatment of tinea pedis with conventional oral antifungal agents produces poor response rates. Itraconazole is a broad-spectrum, orally active antifungal agent with pronounced antimycotic activity. However treatment cost of itraconazole is problematical in developing countries. OBJECTIVES: To study the efficacy of the 1-pulse dosing regimen of two generic products ...
Koray M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to compare the influence of fluconazole capsules and/or hexetidine mouthrinses for the management of oral candidiasis associated with denture stomatitis. DESIGN RELEVANT: Sixty-one patients (ages 43-76 years, mean: 61) admitted to the Department of Oral Surgery and Medicine and diagnosed as suffering ...
Malani Anurag - - 2005
BACKGROUND: During the past decade, Candida glabrata has emerged as an important cause of fungemia. We reviewed demographic data, risk factors, treatment, and outcomes associated with C. glabrata fungemia from 1995-2002 and performed susceptibility testing of isolates. METHODS: Data on all episodes of fungemia were prospectively recorded, and the associated ...
Sonego-Krone Sergio - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Fungal keratitis is a rare but serious condition that may result in loss of vision. The potentially poor prognosis might be due to a delay in diagnosis and/or to limited treatment options. The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical outcome of patients treated with topical fluconazole ...
Caminero J A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: No large studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of a 6-month regimen for all forms of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB). METHODS: Retrospective, observational analysis to evaluate the effectiveness of a 6-month treatment regimen (2HRZE/4H3R3) for all patients diagnosed with EPTB in Caracas, Venezuela, from 1 January 1998 to 31 December 2000, ...
Femiano F - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of zinc on recurrent herpes labialis. MATERIALS/METHODS: Twenty patients (12 females; median age 26.6 years) with a history of recurrent herpes labialis >6 episodes each year were treated with systemic zinc sulphate 22.5 mg twice daily for the months ...
Jima D - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To document baseline data on the efficacy and safety of artemether-lumefantrine for the treatment of uncomplicated falciparum malaria in Ethiopia. DESIGN: Patients diagnosed for P. falciparum, who were treated with six doses of artemether-lumefantrine over three days, were followed for 28 days and treatment outcomes classified based on the ...
Neves Nilma A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of allergy in patients with recurrent vaginal candidiasis (RVC) and the efficacy of fluconazole in combination with an antihistamine drug in RVC patients who do not respond to fluconazole alone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants in the study included 24 women with RVC. All subjects filled ...
Driver Cynthia R - - 2005
SETTING: Large urban tuberculosis control program. OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency and characteristics of treatment interruptions, and the factors associated with the different types of treatment interruptions. DESIGN: This was a case-control study using culture-positive tuberculosis (TB) patients verified in 1998-1999. Case patients included those in whom any of the ...
Gupta Aditya K - - 2005
This randomized, evaluator-blind, 3-arm parallel, comparator controlled, multicenter pilot study evaluated the safety and efficacy of ciclopirox nail lacquer topical solution, 8% in combination with oral terbinafine for the treatment of moderate to severe toenail onychomycosis (> or =60% disease involvement of target nail and/or lunula/matrix involvement) (N = 73). ...
Adam I - - 2005
In an open, randomized, clinical trial, conducted in New Halfa, eastern Sudan, in September-October 2004, the efficacies and adverse effects of artesunate plus sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP), in the treatment of uncomplicated, Plasmodium falciparum malaria, were compared with those of SP alone. Patients were randomized to receive either artesunate (4 mg/kg. day) ...
Hengstman Gerald J D - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Delayed cranial neuropathy is an uncommon complication of neurosurgical interventions of which the exact etiology is uncertain. Several authors have hypothesized that reactivation of herpesviruses may play a role. CASE DESCRIPTIONS: The first patient underwent microvascular decompression of the left facial nerve because of hemifacial spasm. Nine days postoperatively, ...
Mishra Minati - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Onychomycosis is a recalcitrant disease of the nails caused by dermatophytes, yeasts, and molds. AIMS: To compare the clinical efficacy of oral itraconazole pulse therapy and oral terbinafine pulse therapy in onychomycosis. METHODS: A randomized single-blind clinical comparative study was undertaken on 120 patients of onychomycosis during the period ...
Shargie Estifanos B - - 2005
BACKGROUND: DOTS as a strategy was introduced to the tuberculosis control programme in Southern region of Ethiopia in 1996. The impact of the programme on treatment outcomes and the trend in the service coverage for tuberculosis has not been assessed ever since. The aim of the study was to assess ...
Bose Sumit Kumar - - 2005
Recurrent herpes induced lip-depigmentation is an uncommon condition observed rarely in patients suffering from recurrent herpes labialis. Patients usually belong the age group between 20 and 40 who have had herpes labialis for 4--12 years. These patients do not respond to available methods of treatment such as psoralens and phototherapy ...
Saathoff Angela D - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Secondary, "reactive," thrombocytosis has been attributed to bacterial infection and treatment with multiple pharmaceuticals and may be associated with an increase in the incidence of gastrointestinal tract bleeding and thrombotic events (eg, stroke). OBJECTIVE: To characterize the dynamics of thrombocytosis in patients with candidemia receiving antifungal therapy. METHODS: We ...
Spacek J - - 2005
Itraconazole is a systemic triazole with a broad-spectrum antifungal effect which belongs to a standard choice for the treatment of vulvovaginal candidosis. Thirty-four patients with acute and 26 patients with recurrent form of culture documented attacks of vulvovaginal candidosis were evaluated. There was frequent discrepancy between severe symptoms and weaker ...
Das V N R - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The Indian government proposes to eliminate kala-azar, which has been a serious public health problem in Bihar. This study aimed to assess the magnitude of unresponsiveness to sodium stibogluconate in the treatment of new cases of visceral leishmaniasis and to identify the associated factors. METHODS: Patients with clinically and ...
Bakyaita Nathan - - 2005
The use of combinations of inexpensive drugs for the treatment of malaria in Africa has been proposed as an interim policy while awaiting the widespread availability of more effective regimens. We compared sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine plus chloroquine or amodiaquine in three districts in Uganda. Patients aged 6 months or greater with uncomplicated ...
Mabuza A A Malaria Control Programme, Mpumalanga Provincial Department of Health, Nelspruit, South - - 2005
To assess the therapeutic efficacy of sulfadoxinepyrimethamine (SP) after 5 years of use as first-line treatment of uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria, and thus guide the selection of artemisinin-based combination therapy in Mpumalanga, South Africa. An open-label, in vivo therapeutic efficacy study of patients with uncomplicated P. falciparum malaria treated with ...
Verver Suzanne - - 2005
RATIONALE: In a high-tuberculosis (TB) incidence area of Cape Town, South Africa, there is a very high rate of unexplained recurrent TB. The incidence of new bacteriologically confirmed disease in the area is 313 per 100,000 individuals. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the rate of recurrent TB attributable to reinfection after successful ...
Hafner C - - 2005
We report a case of a 71-year-old male who developed severe cellulitis of his right forearm and hand after he had an accidental injury from the sharp edge of a metal plate of a birdhouse. The patient suffers from chronic asthma and has been treated with systemic corticosteroids for years. ...
Wong M Y - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the local use of out-patient directly observed treatment (DOT) for tuberculosis (TB) control. SETTING: Seventeen government chest clinics managing around 80% of TB patients in Hong Kong. METHOD: A retrospective cohort. TB patients registered for treatment from 1 July to 31 August 2000 were followed up for ...
Saravia J C - - 2005
SETTING: Public ambulatory centers in northern Lima, Peru. OBJECTIVE: To compare two retreatment strategies in Category I failures. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of Category I failures enrolled between February 1997 and October 2001. Strategy A was a nationwide approach, applying a Category II regimen; if that regimen failed, a standardized ...
Collado Caroline - - 2005
Gastrointestinal tuberculosis is a rare form of extrapulmonary tuberculosis and its diagnosis can be difficult. AIMS: To analyze the diagnostic and therapeutic characteristics of gastrointestinal tuberculosis. METHODS: Retrospective study from 17 cases collected in 4 hospitals in Seine Saint-Denis between 1987 and 2002. RESULTS: Seventeen cases and 19 localizations were ...
Ramam M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: It is difficult to demonstrate Mycobacterium tuberculosis in smears or biopsies and to grow it in culture in cutaneous tuberculosis because most cases are paucibacillary. A therapeutic trial of antitubercular drugs is frequently used to confirm the diagnosis in difficult cases. Information is lacking on the response to antitubercular ...
Depoortere Evelyn - - 2005
In the Maheba Refugee Settlement, in the clinics supported by Medecins Sans Frontieres, all children aged up to 5 years with a confirmed diagnosis of uncomplicated falciparum malaria are treated with the combination of sulfadoxine/pyrimethamine (SP) and artesunate (AS). We compared the treatment's efficacy and effectiveness. Patients were randomized in ...
Takiuchi Iwao - - 2005
A total of 168 patients with tinea pedis, but without onychomycosis, were treated with 1 cycle of terbinafine (TBF) (1 cycle: defined as 250 mg/day for 1 week). KOH preparation for direct microscopy was performed 4, 8 and 12 weeks after starting therapy to determine if testing was positive for ...
Karakaş Mehmet - - 2005
This study was designed to assess the efficacy, tolerability, and safety of oral fluconazole given at 300 mg once weekly for two weeks in the treatment of tinea versicolor. Enrolled into the study were 44 subjects with tinea versicolor, provisionally confirmed by the detection of fungal hyphae in KOH wet ...
Singal Archana - - 2005
Localized tinea cruris and tinea corporis can be treated by topical imidazoles (clotrimazole) or newer topical agents like butenafine, a benzylamine derivative with fungicidal activity. The therapeutic efficacy of these two agents was compared in this study. Eighty patients, diagnosed clinically to have tinea cruris or localized tinea corporis and ...
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