Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1370
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Skiest Daniel J DJ University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas. - - 2007
We evaluated the efficacy and safety of oral posaconazole for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected subjects with oropharyngeal candidiasis (OPC) and/or esophageal candidiasis (EC) who were clinically refractory to treatment with oral fluconazole or itraconazole. Subjects with confirmed OPC or EC who did not improve after receiving standard courses of fluconazole ...
George, BO; Department of ...
Malaria infects a number of people in Sub-Saharan Africa and is gradually becoming endemic in this region. This study was undertaken to assess the effect of malaria on antioxidant status and also to ascertain whether antioxidant vitamins could be useful in the treatment of malaria. The study group comprised of ...
Natala, AJ; Department of ...
A 10-year study on birds suspected of ecto-parsite infestation at the Veterinary Parasitology and Entomology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria was conducted. The peaks of abundance were observed in the months of June (22.3%), July (18.5%), September (9.7%), October (8.7%) and January (8.7%). A conspicuous fall was recorded in August (4.9%). ...
Falagas Matthew E - - 2007
During the last decade, owing to the low effectiveness and high toxicity of older antifungals, new antifungal agents have been released to the market for the treatment of patients with fungal infections. Several randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have been designed to evaluate the effectiveness of caspofungin in comparison with other ...
Solanki D
<b>Background:</b> Malaria was and is a major scourge in India contributing more than three-fourths of the total cases in the Southeast Asian (SEA) region. Malaria is largely infl uenced by the local environmental conditions but can be kept in check if the operational implementation of the National Antimalaria Program: (NAMP) ...
Ratcliff, Alison Jane
Introduction&#13;The burden of malaria has been significantly underestimated with the&#13;emergence of antimalarial drug resistance confounding malaria control&#13;efforts. Within Papua, Indonesia multidrug resistance has arisen to both&#13;P. falciparum and P. vivax and the associated morbidity and mortality is&#13;high. We conducted a series of chemotherapeutic trials to define the&#13;current efficacy of local ...
Zahra Fardy Azar
Recurrent Vulvovaginal Candidiasis (RVVC) is a fungal infection of the vagina and vulva that occur usually = 4 episodes in a year. Our object was to compare the efficacy and safety of a single oral dose of fluconazole (150 mg) weekly with clotrimazole vaginal cream 150 mg twice weekly for ...
Cox Helen S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A pilot programme to treat multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) was implemented in Karakalpakstan, Uzbekistan in 2003. This region has particularly high levels of MDR-TB, with 13% and 40% among new and previously treated cases, respectively. METHODOLOGY: This study describes the treatment process and outcomes for the first cohort of patients ...
Kusbeci Tuncay - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of newly developed antifungal agents caspofungin and voriconazole in Candida albicans endophthalmitis in rabbit eyes. METHODS: Thirty New Zealand white rabbits were divided into four treatment groups and one control group. One eye of each rabbit was infected by inoculation of 1 x 10(4) CFU/ml ...
Maschmeyer Georg - - 2007
Morbidity and mortality caused by invasive Aspergillus infections are increasing. This is because of the higher number of patients with malignancies treated with intensive immunosuppressive therapy regimens as well as their improved survival from formerly fatal bacterial infections, and the rising number of patients undergoing allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell or ...
Winkler J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) remains a life-threatening condition despite systemic antifungal therapy. OBJECTIVES: This retrospective analysis investigated whether additional bronchoscopic instillation of amphotericin B (amB) would improve efficacy of antifungal treatment in patients with haematological malignancies suffering from IPA. METHODS: Twenty patients (40.6 +/- 14.2 years, 14 male) with ...
Bao Qing-Song - - 2007
Completion of treatment for tuberculosis (TB) is of utmost priority for TB control programs. The aims of this study were to evaluate the treatment outcome of TB cases registered in Guangzhou during the period 1993-2002, and to identify factors associated with treatment success. Two (of eight) districts in Guangzhou were ...
Reuter H H TREAD Research/Cardiology Unit, Tygerberg Hospital and University of Stellenbosch, Parow, Western Cape, South - - 2007
We report on the 30-day and one-year outcome of consecutive effusive pericarditis patients, including those with tuberculous pericarditis, over a six-year-period. Patients with large pericardial effusions requiring pericardiocentesis were included in the study after having given written informed consent. Clinical and radiological evaluations were followed by echo-guided pericardiocentesis, and extended ...
Baumann Ariane - - 2007
Treatment of invasive sphenoidal aspergillosis is surgical, followed by antifungal therapy, mostly amphotericin B. To optimize the adjuvant antifungal treatment, which is often limited by severe side effects, the new triazole antifungal agent voriconazole with broad coverage of fungal pathogens including Aspergillus was investigated in a study of 4 patients ...
Gunaratne P S - - 2006
An outbreak of Aspergillus fumigatus meningitis occurred in 5 women following spinal anaesthesia, performed between 21 June and 17 July 2005 for caesarean section, in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The patients' median age was 27 years. Different teams in 2 maternity hospitals gave spinal anaesthesia. Mean incubation period was 11.2 days. ...
Singh Utpal Kant - - 2006
Sixty four children (38 boys and 26 girls), aged 1 yr to 14 yr, presenting with fever, splenomegaly and positive LD body in splenic smear examination, admitted to pediatric ward of Nalanda Medical college and Child care center between 1st July 03 to 30th June 04 were taken for study. ...
Tunnock, Scott
An evaluation during the summer of 1985 showed that parasites were still exerting control on the larch casebearer on the Flathead NF. Parasitism ranged from 4 to 60 percent and averaged 25.2 percent in the 12 areas surveyed. Four species of parasites were involved. The most abundant was Agathis pumila ...
Flavell, Thomas H.
The larch casebearer, Coleophora laricella (Hubner) was first reported attacking western larch, Larix occidentalis, in Idaho in 1957 (Denton, 1958), 71 years after its introduction into Massachusetts from Europe. The apparent successful regulation of this insect in the eastern U.S. by introduced parasites prompted biological control attempts in the West. ...
Guglielmi S - - 2006
SETTING: Treatment of tuberculosis (TB) is critically dependent on adherence. Directly observed treatment (DOT) has been shown to be effective. OBJECTIVE: To determine operational treatment outcome using administrative treatment monitoring (ATM) to assess the need for more vigorous promotion of DOT. DESIGN: Cohort study in eastern Switzerland, where ATM was ...
Romero-Cerecero Ofelia - - 2006
Ageratina pichinchensis has been used for many years in Mexican traditional medicine for the treatment of superficial mycosis. Previous studies have demonstrated the antifungal effectiveness of a hexane extract from aerial parts of this plant on in vitro cultures of Candida albicans, Aspergillium niger, Trichophyton mentagrophytes, and Trichophyton rubrum. To ...
Afzal Salim - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Ileocecal Tuberculosis (TB) is difficult to diagnose clinically as getting histological specimens means resorting to surgery, which is often hazardous and complicated in sick, anemic and emaciated patients with malabsortion syndrome. The present study was undertaken as an attempt to devise clinical criteria for diagnosis of ileocecal TB without ...
Cox Helen - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The DOTS (directly observed treatment short-course) strategy for tuberculosis (TB) control is recommended by the World Health Organization globally. However, there are few studies of long-term TB treatment outcomes from DOTS programs in high-burden settings and particularly settings of high drug resistance. A DOTS program was implemented progressively in ...
Umapathy K C - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To define the bacteriological and histological correlates of the three predominant clinical forms of cutaneous tuberculosis and to evaluate the efficacy of a 9-month daily regimen containing rifampicin and isoniazid. METHODS: In the dermatological clinics of two major teaching hospitals in Chennai, 213 patients with suspected clinical manifestations of ...
Bermúdez H - - 2006
Human cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) and mucous leishmaniasis (ML) are highly endemic in Isiboro Secure Park, which lies in the Bolivian department of Cochabamba--an area where branded meglumine antimoniate (Glucantime) is expensive and poorly distributed. The safety and efficacy of generic sodium stibogluconate (SSG), from Albert David Ltd, was therefore explored, ...
Ikeda-Garcia Fabiana Augusta - - 2007
Aiming to evaluate the efficacy of the treatment of canine visceral leishmaniasis, to verify the occurrence of a possible disease relapse, and to search for the presence of the parasites after the end of the treatment, seven dogs naturally infected by Leishmania (Leishmania) chagasi were used. The dogs were subjected ...
Tyring Stephen - - 2007
One common method for treating recurrent genital herpes outbreaks is 3-5 day episodic therapy with nucleoside analogues. However, since maximum viral replication occurs within 24 h after the onset of symptoms, short-term patient-initiated episodic therapy started at prodromal onset or at the first appearance of lesions in patients without a ...
Bicanic Tihana T Desmond Tutu HIV Centre, Institute of Infectious Disease and Molecular Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa. - - 2006
Cryptococcal meningitis (CM) in South Africa is often treated with fluconazole as initial therapy. Surveillance data suggest that the prevalence of fluconazole-resistant CM is increasing, and expanding access to antiretroviral therapy is resulting in increasing recognition of immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome. Therefore, we conducted a study to assess the contribution ...
Guthmann Jean-Paul - - 2006
The objectives of these analyses were to assess the feasibility of the latest WHO recommendations (28-day follow-up with PCR genotyping) for the assessment of antimalarial drug efficacy in vivo and to examine how different statistical approaches affect results. We used individual-patient data from 13 studies of uncomplicated pediatric falciparum malaria ...
Manosuthi Weerawat - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The impact of antiretroviral therapy (ART) on survival among patients coinfected with HIV and tuberculosis (TB) has not been well established. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted among HIV-infected patients with TB between January 2000 and December 2004. Patients were categorized into ART+ group (received ART) and ART- ...
Park Sun Hee SH Department of Internal Medicine, The Catholic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation Center, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2006
Amphotericin B dexoycholate is currently the standard empirical antifungal therapy for neutropenic patients with hematologic malignancies and who also have persistent fever that does not respond to antibacterial therapy. The antifungal triazoles offer a potentially safer and effective treatment alternative to Amphotericin B dexoycholate. We assessed the efficacy and safety ...
Mishra, Minati
BACKGROUND: Onychomycosis is a recalcitrant disease of the nails caused by dermatophytes, yeasts, and molds. AIMS: To compare the clinical efficacy of oral itraconazole pulse therapy and oral terbinafine pulse therapy in onychomycosis. METHODS: A randomized single-blind clinical comparative study was undertaken on 120 patients of onychomycosis during the period ...
Lucas da Silva Paulo Sérgio - - 2007
Hypokalemia can result in life-threatening complications if not treated appropriately. Although hypokalemia is a frequent adverse effect of amphotericin B therapy, there are no reports in the pediatric literature on hypokalemia-associated rhabdomyolysis induced by this drug. A ten-year-old boy with a history of one week amphotericin B treatment was admitted ...
Kwiatkowska S - - 2007
Mycobacteria are the strong stimulators of respiratory burst, resulting in production of reactive oxygen species and nitrogen intermediates. The aim of our study was to assess the concentration of hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) in expired breath condensate (EBC) and the serum level of interleukin-18 (IL-18) in patients with active pulmonary tuberculosis ...
Mathew T A - - 2006
SETTING: Tuberculosis (TB) incidence and mortality in Russia have risen dramatically over the past 15 years. OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors and causes of death among TB patients in Russia. DESIGN: A retrospective study conducted to determine the risk factors and causes of death in patients receiving TB therapy in ...
Mayxay M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy and safety of oral dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine (DP, Artekin) in the treatment of uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria in southern Laos. METHODS: An open, randomized clinical trial of oral artesunate-mefloquine (AM) vs. DP in 220 patients with acute uncomplicated falciparum malaria in Savannakhet Province, Laos. RESULTS: The 42-day ...
Borrmann Steffen - - 2006
Fosmidomycin plus clindamycin was shown to be efficacious in the treatment of uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria in a small cohort of pediatric patients aged 7 to 14 years, but more data, including data on younger children with less antiparasitic immunity, are needed to determine the potential value of this new ...
Park I-Nae - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Although linezolid has good in vitro activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis, its long-term use in the treatment of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) may be limited by its cost and serious adverse reactions. We therefore evaluated the efficacy and tolerability of a reduced dose of linezolid, in combination with other anti-TB drugs, ...
Restrepo Angela A Corporación para Investigaciones Biológicas, Carrera, Medellín, Colombia. angelares@geo.net.co - - 2007
Six patients received salvage treatment with posaconazole oral suspension (800 mg/day in divided doses) for severe forms of histoplasmosis. One patient had pulmonary disease and 5 had disseminated disease. Previous antifungal therapy consisted of amphotericin B, itraconazole, fluconazole, or voriconazole. Posaconazole treatment duration for individual patients ranged from 6 weeks ...
Morrel Eric M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Multiple studies of the use of acyclovir for the treatment of herpes labialis have suggested that the nominal efficacy of the topical formulation is the result of inadequate penetration of the drug into the target site of infection, the basal epidermis. METHODS: We developed a low-voltage, wireless, hand-held, computer-controlled, ...
Thomas Mathew M - - 2006
A sixty year old patient presented with a slowly progressive swelling of the nose, of one year duration, suggesting a clinical diagnosis of subcutaneous zygomycosis. On investigation, the tissue fungal culture grew Conidiobolus coronatus, confirming the diagnosis as rhinoentomophthoromycosis. He was treated with a combination of oral fluconazole and oral ...
Sadeghian G - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Cutaneous leishmaniasis is a common parasitic disease in Iran, especially in Isfahan. First line treatment for this disease is antimonial compounds; however, owing to the intermittent failure of this treatment and its significant side-effects alternative therapeutic measures have been advocated. OBJECTIVE: Evaluating the efficacy of pentoxifylline plus glucantime in ...
Holtz T H - - 2006
SETTING: Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) treatment centers in five provinces, South Africa. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the mortality and evaluate risk factors associated with default from MDR-TB treatment. DESIGN: Using registries and a standardized questionnaire, we conducted a case-control study among patients diagnosed and treated for MDR-TB. Cases were defined as patients ...
Gopi P G - - 2006
Early diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) is important for initiating treatment to gain cure. The present investigation was undertaken to study the association of conversion and cure with initial smear grading among pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) patients registered in a directly observed treatment - short course (DOTS) programme in Tiruvallur district, south ...
Soares E C C - - 2006
SETTING: Rio de Janeiro City, Brazil. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of directly observed therapy (DOT) on treatment success, by comparing the treatment success rates between patients treated under DOT with those who received self-administered therapy (SAT). DESIGN: A longitudinal study in a cohort of tuberculosis (TB) patients. Of 9929 ...
Sambatakou Helen - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Voriconazole is a novel triazole antifungal with a broad spectrum including Aspergillus species. We conducted an open, noncomparative multicenter study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of voriconazole in subacute invasive and chronic pulmonary aspergillosis (CPA). METHODS: Patients without profound neutropenia and a proven or probable diagnosis of subacute ...
Ventolini Gary - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the recurrence rate of vulvovaginal candidiasis from non-albicans species after fluconazole therapy. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort of 127 patients with symptomatic vulvovaginal candidiasis by nonalbicans species referred from primary care physicians were evaluated between 1995 and 2004. Complete history, physical examination, basic metabolic panel, and bacterial ...
Mueller Marius - - 2007
In Sudan, two treatments are currently registered for visceral leishmaniasis: sodium stibogluconate (SSG) as first line and liposomal amphotericin B (AmBisome) as second line. We present 64 patients (52 relapse cases to SSG, 12 new but complicated cases) treated with AmBisome in eastern Sudan. AmBisome was administered at 2.5-8.2mg/kg (15-49mg/kg ...
Garey Kevin W - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Inadequate antimicrobial treatment is an independent determinant of hospital mortality, and fungal bloodstream infections are among the types of infection with the highest rates of inappropriate initial treatment. Because of significant potential for reducing high mortality rates, we sought to assess the impact of delayed treatment across multiple study ...
Raad Issam I II The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA. - - 2006
Invasive fungal infections are found most frequently in immunosuppressed and critically ill hospitalized patients. Antifungal therapy is often required for long periods. Safety data from the clinical development program of the triazole antifungal agent, posaconazole, were analyzed. A total of 428 patients with refractory invasive fungal infections (n = 362) ...
Bukirwa Hasifa - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy and safety of artemisinin combination therapies for the treatment of uncomplicated falciparum malaria in Uganda. DESIGN: Randomized single-blind controlled trial. SETTING: Tororo, Uganda, an area of high-level malaria transmission. PARTICIPANTS: Children aged one to ten years with confirmed uncomplicated P. falciparum malaria. INTERVENTIONS: Amodiaquine + ...
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