Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 1360
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Awab Ghulam Rahim GR Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, - - 2010
Afghanistan's national guidelines recommend chloroquine for the treatment of Plasmodium vivax infection, the parasite responsible for the majority of its malaria burden. Chloroquine resistance in P. vivax is emerging in Asia. Therapeutic responses across Afghanistan have not been evaluated in detail. Between July 2007 and February 2009, an open-label, randomized ...
Sigurgeirsson B - - 2010
Standard treatment for onychomycosis often results in less than half of subjects achieving disease-free nails. Onychomycosis is even more challenging to treat as relapses and re-infections are common. To determine if a prophylactic effect exists when a treatment with amorolfine nail lacquer (ANL), with half the frequency of the standard ...
Aoun Karim - - 2009
Forty-two patients with visceral leishmaniasis in Tunisia were treated with meglumine antimoniate and followed-up for clinical improvement and blood parasite load determined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Parasite loads before treatment ranged from 27 to 5.3 x 10(7) parasites/mL. At the end of treatment, parasite load decreased significantly ...
Burwell Lauren A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Treatment of pulmonary coccidioidomycosis is typically limited to patients with severe disease or those with increased risk of dissemination. In response to an increase of coccidioidomycosis at a correctional institution in an endemic area, physicians initiated an enhanced diagnosis and treatment program. METHODS: Case patients were inmates with laboratory-confirmed ...
de Freitas Carolina Maria Vianna - - 2009
The present study aimed to evaluate the occurrence of immune resistance in dogs successively infested with Amblyomma cajennense nymphs. Five animals were submitted to four consecutive infestations with A. cajennense nymphs, at fourteen-day intervals. For each infestation, 50 nymphs were used per animal and data on the parasitic and non-parasitic ...
Gouado Inocent - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated plasma creatinine, urea, bilirubin, lactic acid, and nitric oxide values in children with malaria to identify indices of disease severity and predictors of fatal outcomes. METHODS: Children 0 to 15 years old were recruited, clinical data recorded, and blood samples collected. Plasma creatinine, urea, bilirubin, lactic acid, ...
Tiono Alfred B - - 2009
This multi-center, randomized, parallel-group, double-blind, double-dummy study compared the efficacy and safety of chlorproguanil-dapsone-artesunate (CDA) and chlorproguanil-dapsone (CPG-DDS) in the treatment of falciparum malaria in Africa (Burkina Faso, Ghana, Mali, Nigeria). Six hundred patients (>or= 1 year of age) received CDA 2.0/2.5/4.0 mg/kg, and 292 CPG-DDS 2.0/2.5 mg/kg, once daily ...
Zaoutis Theoklis - - 2009
We analyzed the caspofungin safety experience in 5 clinical registration studies in 171 pediatric patients, 1 week to 17 years of age. Caspofungin was administered for 1 to 87 (mean 12.1) days. The most common drug-related adverse events were fever, increased AST, increased ALT, and rash; few events were serious ...
Del Priore Giuseppe - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Standard surgical treatment for CIN may impair fertility generating a need for alternative treatment options. We tested the efficacy and toxicity of oral DIM in the treatment of CIN 2 or 3 lesions. METHODS: Patients with biopsy-proven cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) 2 or 3 scheduled for loop electrosurgical excision ...
van Genderen Perry J J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Even in circumstances where optimal antimalarial and supportive treatment is available, severe Plasmodium falciparum malaria is still associated with a significant case fatality. Although exchange transfusion (ET) has been considered as a controversial adjunct therapy, we have not encountered any case fatality since ET was introduced as a standard ...
Nam Hae-Seong - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Chronic necrotizing pulmonary aspergillosis (CNPA) is uncommon, and the optimal therapeutic regimen has not been established. In a retrospective cohort study, we investigated the clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes of patients with CNPA. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of all patients who had been diagnosed with CNPA at ...
Cowen Edward W - - 2010
Voriconazole is a broad-spectrum antifungal agent associated with photosensitivity and accelerated photoaging. A possible link with aggressive squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) has also been reported. We sought to determine the incidence and frequency of cutaneous SCC among patients undergoing long-term treatment with voriconazole who also manifest features of chronic phototoxicity. ...
Taur Ying - - 2010
Prior studies have shown that delays in treatment are associated with increased mortality in patients with candidemia. The purpose of this study was to measure three separate time periods comprising the diagnosis and treatment of candidemia and to determine which one(s) is associated with hospital mortality. Patients with blood cultures ...
Lopez Blanca Silvia Gonzalez - - 2009
Antiviral drugs as well as natural remedies have been used to reduce symptoms and the rate of recurrences of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) infection, a common disease. To evaluate anti-HSV-1 activity of a pine cone lignin and ascorbic acid treatment, a clinical pilot study was carried out. Forty-eight ...
Jerath V P - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The effect of therapeutic circumcision in men for preventing recurrences of herpes genitalis remains largely unelucidated despite its well documented albeit conflicting role in reducing the risk of acquiring sexually transmitted infections, including genital herpes. METHODS: Twenty volunteer adult males with a history of recurrent herpes genitalis ...
Tabarsi P - - 2009
We compared the effectiveness of 2 treatment regimens for isoniazid-resistant tuberculosis (TB) in 42 patients attending a TB referral centre in the Islamic Republic of Iran. The patients were divided into 2 treatment groups: 26 received the 6-month standard HRZE treatment and 16 received a modified treatment of RZE for ...
Chen Lin H - - 2009
Length of travel appears to be associated with health risks. GeoSentinel Surveillance Network data for 4,039 long-term travelers (trip duration >6 months) seen after travel during June 1, 1996, through December 31, 2008, were compared with data for 24,807 short-term travelers (trip duration <1 month). Long-term travelers traveled more often ...
Kimura Shun-ichi - - 2009
We investigated the diagnostic utility of Aspergillus galactomannan (GM) in sputum for diagnosis of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) in haematologic patients and compared the results with those of bronchial lavage fluid (BLF) and serum. Patients were classified into 4 groups using modified European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer ...
Tai W-C - - 2010
Ano-perianal tuberculosis (TB) is a rare extrapulmonary form of the disease. Most publications are in case report form. We report our cohort retrospective study on ano-perianal TB, which is one of the very few original reports in the literature. Over a period of 15 years (January 1992-December 2006), file records ...
Sant'Anna Fl?via Marinho - - 2009
This study evaluated the effectiveness of two HAART regimens concomitant to rifampicin based tuberculosis (TB) treatment. Patients with TB/HIV diagnosis followed at the TB program between June 2000 and March 2005 were prospectively evaluated. The different HAART regimens in antiretrovirals (ARV) treatment na?ve and ARV experienced patients were compared. The ...
Bukirwa Hasifa - - 2009
A single round of indoor residual spraying (IRS) using lambda-cyhalothrin was implemented in a district of Uganda with moderate transmission intensity in 2007. Individual patient data were collected from one health facility within the district 8 months before and 16 months after IRS. There was a consistent decrease in the ...
Hede Jagruti - - 2009
This is a case report of a 48-year-old man, followed up for nearly 30 years who initially developed sarcoidosis at the age of 18 that went into remission after 8 years of treatment. Ten years later, he developed sputum-positive tuberculosis and was cured with anti-tubercular treatment. Following this, there was ...
Ghaninejad H - - 2009
The efficacy of 2% creams of miconazole nitrate and sertaconazole were compared in a double-blind clinical trial carried out on 100 patients with an established diagnosis of cutaneous dermatophytosis. Assessments were performed on days 0, 15, 29 and 43 in our dermatology clinic. Cure was defined according to clinical assessment ...
Sundar Shyam - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Treatment of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is far from satisfactory. There is an urgent need for a therapy that is efficacious, safe, affordable, and of short duration. METHODS: A randomized open-label study was conducted to assess the efficacy and safety of 2 regimens of paromomycin administered intramuscularly. Group A received ...
El-Sayed M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is a disease caused by leishmania species. Intralesional sodium stibogluconate (SSG) has been considered the first line therapy for localized cutaneous leishmaniasis. There is still a need for more effective and less time-consuming therapeutic methods for this condition. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was ...
Jansen Aateke F G - - 2009
PURPOSE: To investigate the long-term effect of oral acyclovir administered during the first 6 months after penetrating keratoplasty (PK) for herpetic eye disease (HED). METHODS: A 5-year follow-up was undertaken for a patient population from a placebo-controlled, randomized trial on acyclovir prophylaxis after keratoplasty. In this former study the effectiveness ...
Hernández-Garduño E - - 2009
SETTING: British Columbia Centre for Disease Control (BCCDC), Vancouver, Canada. OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) and to assess the impact of new laboratory techniques. DESIGN: Population-based study of all subjects with positive cultures for NTM from 1990 to 2006. RESULTS: Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) was the ...
Rijal S - - 2010
Drug-related factors and parasite resistance have been implicated in the failure of pentavalent antimonials (Sb(v)) in the Indian subcontinent; however, little information is available on host-related factors. Parasitologically confirmed kala-azar patients, treatment na?ve to Sb(v), were prospectively recruited at a referral hospital in Nepal and were treated under supervision with ...
Herrero Mercè - - 2009
In May 2005, visceral leishmaniasis (VL) was recognized for the first time in Libo Kemken, Ethiopia, a highland region where only few cases had been reported before. We analyzed records of VL patients treated from May 25, 2005 to December 13, 2007 by the only VL treatment center in the ...
Mascarello Marta - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Seventy percent of imported malaria cases in Italy occur in immigrants, generally with milder clinical presentation due to premunition acquired through repeated infections. Nevertheless, premunition could be progressively lost after a long period of nonexposure. We investigated the changing pattern of malaria in immigrants in two definite 5-year periods ...
Matteelli Alberto - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Nevirapine (NVP) plasma levels are reduced in patients receiving rifampicin (RFM) for tuberculosis (TB) treatment. We determined variations over time of the pharmacokinetic parameters of NVP in patients who receive RFM. METHODS: HIV-1-infected patients with CD4+ T-lymphocyte count <or=100 cells per microliter and TB diagnosis received standard anti-TB therapy ...
Soto Jaime - - 2009
We investigated whether increasing the period of follow-up or increasing the duration of therapy would markedly alter the 71% cure rate of mucosal leishmaniasis in Bolivia consequent to treatment with miltefosine for 4 weeks. Increasing the follow-up from 12 months to 24 months demonstrated additional relapse in only 2 of ...
Liang Qing-feng - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Fungal keratitis is a rare but serious corneal disease that may result in loss of vision. The poor prognosis might be due to limited treatment option. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical efficacy of 0.25% terbinafine eye drops comparing with 5% natamycin suspension on fungal keratitis. METHODS: A ...
Park Sang Hyoung - - 2009
Intestinal tuberculosis (TB) continues to be a common disease worldwide. However, the optimal duration of anti-TB medication has not been well established. We therefore compared the efficacy of 6-month and 9-month therapy in the treatment of intestinal TB. Ninety patients definitely diagnosed with intestinal TB were randomized into 6-month (n ...
Ramírez-Amador Velia - - 2010
PURPOSE: Knowledge of oral mucositis (OM) in patients with acute leukemia (AL) and chemotherapy (CT) has remained limited. Thus, a prospective, longitudinal study was undertaken to characterize clinical features, associated risk factors, and behavior of OM in a cohort of AL patients starting CT. METHODS: Prospective and longitudinal study. A ...
Al-Mutairi Nawaf - - 2009
Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is a major public health problem. The currently available therapies are expensive, not freely available, toxic, and not always curative. A simple, effective, noninvasive therapeutic approach is required for the treatment of CL. To determine the clinical patterns of CL and to report our experience in the ...
Singla R - - 2009
BACKGROUND: India is initiating the DOTS-Plus strategy at the national level. OBJECTIVES: To highlight the results, constraints and issues of a pilot DOTS-Plus experience in an urban setting in India. METHODS: Records of 126 patients with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) enrolled from January 2002 to December 2006, who received a daily ...
Amichai B - - 2010
Background Onychomycosis is a common disease; topical treatment is usually poorly effective, while systemic treatment is more effective but may be associated with side-effects. Iontophoretic drug delivery may improve drug penetration through the nail and lead to better therapeutic results. Objectives To evaluate the efficacy, safety and tolerability of topical ...
Ibrahim Murad - - 2009
The diarylquinoline R207910 (TMC207) has potent bactericidal activity in a murine model of tuberculosis (TB), but its sterilizing activity has not been determined. To evaluate the sterilizing activity of R207910-containing combinations in the murine model of TB. Swiss mice were intravenously inoculated with 6 log(10) of Mycobacterium tuberculosis strain H37Rv, ...
Morales P - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We sought to present our results of topical intrabronchial installation of amphotericin B lipid complex (AmpB lipid). PATIENT AND METHODS: A deposit of fungal material was observed in a bilateral lung transplant recipient who experienced stenosis of the left anastomosis and have been fitted with a double endobronchial prosthesis. ...
Durglishvili N - - 2009
The aim of study was to determine the effectiveness, safety and side effects of suppressive therapy (valacyclovir) for relapsing genital herpes virus infections. Patients with HSV were divided into three groups: the first group was composed of 82 patients (45 males and 37 females) who received 500 mg of valacyclovir ...
Trung Trieu Nguyen - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to evaluate and compare the efficacy and safety of dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine phosphate (Artekin) and artemisinin-piperaquine (Artequick) in the treatment of uncomplicated falciparum malaria. METHODS: A total of 103 uncomplicated falciparum malaria patients were enrolled and randomly assigned to two groups: 52 cases in the Artequick group, and ...
Bartacek A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy, safety and acceptability of two short-course regimens of isoniazid, rifampicin, pyrazinamide and ethambutol (HRZE) given either as fixed-dose combination (4-FDC) tablets or as single tablets (ST) in patients with newly diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB). DESIGN: This randomised, open, multicentre, multinational study was conducted in 26 ...
Kefyalew T - - 2009
We assessed the clinical and parasitological efficacy of six-dose regimen of artemether-lumefantrine (AL) (Coartem) for treating uncomplicated P. falciparum malaria three years after its introduction into Ethiopia. A total of 102 patients (mean age: 15.7 years; age range: 1-50 years) were enrolled in the study and followed-up for 28 days ...
- - 2009
(1) Herpes is a contagious, recurrent viral infection of the skin and mucous membranes. In immunocompetent patients the recurrences can be troublesome but they heal spontaneously. Management is mainly based on lifestyle measures. Local application of an antiviral drug such as aciclovir has modest effects. It reduces healing time by ...
Xu Chun-feng - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To observe the therapeutic effect of antihyperlipidemic decoction on hyperlipemia. METHODS: 77 hyperlipemia patients are selected and randomly divided into two groups. 37 cases in the treatment group received the treatment of antihyperlipidemic decoction, and 40 cases in the control group received western medicine, zhinbiticose. The course of treatment ...
Pendleton Rachel A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine if patients receiving topical amphotericin B in combination with 5% mafenide acetate solution will acquire systemically detectable levels of amphotericin B. METHODS: A prospective, observational study of consecutive patients from May 2007 to March 2008 who received 5% mafenide acetate/amphotericin B (2 mcg/ml) solution topically every 4h ...
Orki A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Multidrug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) still continues to be a serious health problem throughout the world. Although main treatment of MDR-TB is medical, surgical resection with adjuvant medical therapy may increase the chance of cure in selected patients. METHODS: We performed surgical resections in 55 patients between 1997 and 2005; ...
Zaitzeva S I - - 2009
An open-label, 60-day trial was conducted in 75 newly diagnosed tuberculosis (TB) patients to assess the adjunctive effect of the oral immunomodulator Dzherelo with standard anti-TB chemotherapy (ATT) consisting of izoniazid, rifampicin, pyrazinamide and streptomycin (HRZS) administered as directly observed therapy (DOT). Group 1 (n = 28) with cavitary TB ...
Zarrabi A D - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To compare the characteristics of confirmed vs suspected cases of urogenital tuberculosis (UGTB) in a geographic region with an extremely high prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis. UGTB is notoriously difficult to diagnose. METHODS: A retrospective clinical record review was performed of 68 patients treated from March 1998 to July 2007. ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >