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Results 351 - 400 of 1345
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Koch C A - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy and rate of complications in patients undergoing percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) for vertebral compression fractures as a result of secondary osteoporosis caused by long-term corticosteroid use compared with patients with primary osteoporosis treated with PVP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ...
Illei G G - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To determine the safety and efficacy of a short course of fludarabine combined with cyclophoshamide in lupus nephritis. METHODS: A phase I/II open label pilot study. Thirteen patients with active proliferative lupus nephritis received monthly oral boluses of low-dose cyclophoshamide (0.5 gm/m(2) on day 1) and subcutaneous fludarabine (30 ...
Newburger Jane W JW Department of Cardiology, Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2007
Treatment of acute Kawasaki disease with intravenous immune globulin and aspirin reduces the risk of coronary-artery abnormalities and systemic inflammation, but despite intravenous immune globulin therapy, coronary-artery abnormalities develop in some children. Studies have suggested that primary corticosteroid therapy might be beneficial and that adverse events are infrequent with short-term ...
Furuta Ryuichi - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The clinical efficacy of corticosteroids in the treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC) is well-established. However, prolonged usage of these drugs can result in serious complications. Rebamipide {2-(4-chlorobenzoylamino)-3[2-(1H)-quinolinon-4-yl] propionic acid}, a cytoprotective agent, has been reported to have anti-inflammatory activity and to repair mucosal injury in animal colitis models. The ...
Caplan Liron - - 2007
OBJECTIVE:To determine the rate of current and lifetime use of corticosteroids, the degree of association between corticosteroids and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) activity and outcome, corticosteroid initiation and discontinuation rates, and the predictors associated with initiation and discontinuation. METHODS: A total of 12,749 patients with RA were evaluated semiannually as to ...
Mitre Edward - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A subset of patients with neurocysticercosis developed chronic or recurrent perilesional inflammation and required long-term and high-dose corticosteroid therapy. Such therapy frequently results in severe adverse effects. The purpose of this study was to determine whether methotrexate can be used as an effective corticosteroid-sparing or replacement agent in patients ...
Girija A
<b>Aim:</b> To assess the neurological complications of chickenpox with prognosis. <b> Background:</b> The neurological complications occur in 0.03&#x0025; of persons who get chickenpox. There is no universal vaccination against chicken pox in India. Most patients prefer alternate modalities of treatment. Hence these complications of chickenpox are likely to continue to ...
Iwashima Satoru - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Ulinastatin therapy may be an additional therapeutic approach to Kawasaki disease (KD). This study set out to determine whether primary intravenous ulinastatin therapy has more beneficial effects than intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) therapy in the acute phase of KD, and whether addition of ulinastatin to IVIG might improve ...
Coker Robina K - - 2007
Sarcoidosis is the most common diffuse parenchymal lung disease and occurs worldwide. Although it affects all ethnic groups, prevalence and severity varies between different races. This has complicated the interpretation of existing clinical studies and extrapolation of their findings to different populations. Sarcoidosis can affect any organ, but the lungs ...
- - 2007
MN 001 is an orally bioavailable anti-inflammatory agent, originated by Kyorin Pharmaceutical, which is being developed in clinical trials by the US company MediciNova for the treatment of interstitial cystitis and asthma. Kyorin is developing the drug as KCA 757 for these indications. The actions of the drug are described ...
Olszewska Malgorzata - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Pemphigus vulgaris is a potentially life-threatening, autoimmune bullous disease of the skin and mucous membranes. Most commonly, the disease is treated with prednisone in combination with an immunosuppressant agent, frequently referred to as adjuvant drug. However, there is no consensus regarding the first-choice adjuvant drug for the treatment of ...
Gupta Ramji - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To clear the itching and lesions of lichen amyloidosus completely, which is a chronic, troublesome disease of the skin with variable results from various therapeutic modalities. METHODS: Dexamethasone cyclophosphamide pulse (DCP) therapy was given to a 53-year-old man with lichen amyloidosus of 3 months duration. DCP therapy comprises an ...
Avila Pedro C - - 2007
Omalizumab, a humanized monoclonal antibody against IgE, is clinically efficacious when it neutralizes almost all free IgE and reduces IgE receptors on basophils and mast cells. Asthmatic subjects on inhaled corticosteroids who are treated with omalizumab as an add-on therapy experience only modest benefits in symptoms and perhaps in quality ...
Kardaun Sylvia H - - 2007
Mortality in Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is high. Apart from intensive supportive therapy, no generally accepted specific treatment regimen exists. The role of corticosteroids in SJS/TEN is controversial. It is possible that high-dose pulse therapy with corticosteroids might be an improvement on long-term lower dose therapy, ...
Keating Gillian M - - 2007
Salmeterol/fluticasone propionate (Seretide, Advair, Viani) administered using a multidose dry powder inhaler (Diskus, Accuhaler) is approved for use in the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in numerous countries.Salmeterol/fluticasone propionate administered twice daily via dry powder inhaler is effective and generally well tolerated in patients with COPD. Although not ...
Bartolucci P - - 2007
Neuropsychiatric manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus (NPSLE) are among the main causes of morbidity and mortality attributed to lupus activity. Conventional NPSLE treatment combines CS and immunosuppressants, but some symptoms do not respond. We retrospectively evaluated the adjunction of plasma exchanges (PE) to treat 13 NPSLE flares occurring in 10 ...
Shahidi-Dadras Mohammad - - 2007
Although corticosteroids have dramatically altered the prognosis of patients with pemphigus vulgaris, morbidity and mortality from systemic corticosteroid side-effects remains high. High-dose intravenous methylprednisolone has been used successfully in blistering diseases to avoid the complications of long-term orally-administered glucocorticoids. The objective of this study was to compare the effectiveness and ...
Sinclair A - - 2007
The Phase III Aspreva Lupus Management Study (ALMS) will investigate mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) therapy for lupus nephritis (LN). Eligibility criteria include: 12-75 years of age; diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus according to revised American College of Rheumatology criteria; and biopsy-demonstrated LN (Class III-V). Randomized patients will receive open-label induction therapy ...
Hodder Richard - - 2007
Patients with COPD are frequently prescribed inhaled corticosteroids (ICS); however, it is unclear whether the treatment with ICS might modify responses to inhaled bronchodilators. Two 6-month, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, double-dummy, parallel-group studies of tiotropium 18 microg once daily, compared with salmeterol, 50 microg bid, had been conducted in patients with ...
Cramer Joyce A - - 2007
Inhaled beta-agonist, anticholinergic and glucocorticoid medications are used to treat asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The present study assessed the patterns of persistence with the above mentioned inhaled medications. Prescription claims data from the Ontario Drug Benefit Program were analyzed to assess persistence (time to discontinuation) and compliance ...
Olaguibel Rivera J M - - 2007
The airways of adult or elderly asthmatics are likely candidates for airway remodeling, resulting in persistent airflow obstruction. This population can provide a good model for cross-sectional evaluation of the effect of asthma duration on airflow. We evaluated postbronchodilator airflow and lung volumes at baseline and after a short course ...
Antonucci Angela A Department of Specialistic and Experimental Clinical Medicine, Division of Dermatology, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy. - - 2007
Pemphigus vulgaris is an autoimmune disease characterized by blisters and widespread erosions, involving skin and mucous membranes, caused by autoantibodies to desmoglein 1 and 3. This pathology is associated with increased morbidity and mortality if untreated. The treatment of pemphigus vulgaris requires multiple immunosuppressive agents, but often it is particularly ...
Momeni Ali Z AZ Dermatology, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran. - - 2007
Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) is a severe acquired autoimmune disease. During the past 15 years we used dexamethasone pulse therapy (DP) and oral cyclophosphamide for treatment of our patients with PV. To evaluate the efficacy and side effects of this treatment. The study was a retrospective study. Medical records of 50 ...
Nannini L L Hospital G. Baigorria, Pulmonary Section, Ruta 11 Y Jm Estrada, G. Baigorria, Santa Fe - Rosario, Argentina, 2152. - - 2007
Long-acting beta-agonists and inhaled corticosteroids have both been recommended in guidelines for the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Their co-administration in a combined inhaler may facilitate adherence to medication regimens, and improve efficacy. To assess the efficacy of combined inhaled corticosteroid and long-acting beta-agonist preparations, compared to placebo, in ...
Shen Yu-Chih - - 2007
The sites of action of inhalant drugs are not completely known but recent studies suggest that ion channels that regulate neuronal excitability may be particularly sensitive. Lamotrigine, a newer anticonvulsant, has a modulating effect on excitatory amino acid-glutamate. We describe the use of lamotrigine in the treatment of a patient ...
Onal Sumru - - 2006
PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) therapy in patients with severe uveitis otherwise unresponsive to conventional immunomodulatory agents. METHODS: Data on five consecutive patients treated with IVIg and followed to the present time by one of the authors (CSF) were reviewed. All patients had severe and recalcitrant ...
Tung Jeanne - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study was to examine the 1-year outcome after the first course of systemic corticosteroids in an inception cohort of pediatric patients with inflammatory bowel disease. METHODS: All Olmsted County (Minnesota) residents diagnosed with Crohn's disease (n = 50) or ulcerative colitis (n = 36) before ...
Tai Chen-Jei - - 2007
Sanfujiu is a treatment method of applying herbal paste onto the acupoints Fengmen and Feishu during the three hottest days of summer to treat patients with allergies. The objectives of this study were to determine the treatment efficacy at 1 year after the Sanfujiu treatment, and examine variations in the ...
Vasiliou A - - 2007
Pemphigus is an uncommon chronic disease with dermatologic and mucosal manifestations. Primary laryngeal involvement without skin lesions is extremely rare. The present paper describes a 72-year old man who presented with a 2-month history of hoarseness, haemoptisis and dysphagia. Clinical examination revealed an erythematous oral mucosa without ulcerations. Indirect laryngoscopy ...
Weibel L - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Localized scleroderma (LS) or morphoea is often considered to be a benign self-limiting condition confined to the skin and subcutaneous tissue. However, the course of the disease is unpredictable and severe functional and cosmetic disability may result. Drug treatment with systemic corticosteroids in combination with methotrexate has been reported ...
Canizares Maria J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Mucous membrane pemphigoid (MMP), also known as cicatricial pemphigoid, is a serious, autoimmune, blistering disorder that can result in blindness and other complications as a result of scarring of the mucous membranes. Effective treatment modalities are often toxic. Herein, we describe a novel therapeutic approach that is based on ...
Delpierre S - - 2006
Efficacy of salbutamol (S) was compared to that of ipratropium (I) or to their association, after methacholine challenge testing (MCT). MCT was performed in 4 groups of 10 patients suspected to suffer from asthma; mean changes in FEV1, maximal midexpiratory flow rate (MMFR), and airway resistance (Raw) were the same ...
Beissert Stefan - - 2006
To investigate the safety and efficacy of oral methylprednisolone combined with azathioprine sodium or mycophenolate mofetil for the treatment of pemphigus. A prospective, multicenter, randomized, nonblinded clinical trial to compare 2 parallel groups of patients with pemphigus (pemphigus vulgaris and pemphigus foliaceus) treated with oral methylprednisolone plus azathioprine or oral ...
Cataland Spero R - - 2007
We present the results of two consecutively performed cohort studies that evaluated the clinical effects of corticosteroids or cyclosporin as an adjunct to plasma exchange (PE) for the treatment of an acute episode of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP). In comparing 12 corticosteroid-treated patients with eight cyclosporin-treated patients, none of the ...
Kardos Peter - - 2007
RATIONALE: Exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) greatly contribute to declining health status and the progression of the disease, thereby incurring significant direct and indirect health care costs. The prevention of exacerbations, therefore, is an important treatment goal. OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of combination therapy with salmeterol/fluticasone propionate ...
Bateman E D - - 2008
International guidelines recommend the long-acting anticholinergic, tiotropium, or long-acting beta 2-agonists as maintenance therapy in patients with moderate-to-very severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The efficacy of long-acting beta(2)-agonists combined with inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) in the treatment of COPD has also been confirmed for severe and very severe COPD, but ...
Martinez Fernando D - - 2006
Two very large, randomized, double-blind clinical trials performed in the United Kingdom and in the United States have suggested that addition of salmeteräE to usual asthma therapy is associated with a significant increase in the incidence of serious adverse events and asthma-related deaths compared with addition of albuterol or placebo ...
Tercelj Marjeta - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Sarcoidosis is generally treated with corticosteroids that are not always an effective therapy. OBJECTIVES: To assess if treatment with antifungal drugs would improve the clinical status of patients with sarcoidosis. METHODS: Patients (n=18) with sarcoidosis grades II and III according to established criteria and without clinical and immunological signs ...
Wood-Baker Richard - - 2007
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by symptoms of cough, sputum and breathlessness, which become worse during acute exacerbations. The airway inflammation associated with COPD has led to trials of the effect of systemic corticosteroids in COPD assessed in two Cochrane systematic reviews. In stable COPD, compared with placebo, ...
Mittmann Nicole - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Current therapeutic options for the treatment of pemphigus vulgaris (PV) are prednisone and immunosuppressants. Patients unresponsive to high-dose systemic corticosteroids and conventional immunosuppressants may respond to intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG). OBJECTIVE: The primary outcome was the change in prednisone dose at 6 months and 1 year post-IVIG administration. METHODS: A ...
El Tal Abdul Kader - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Rituximab is an anti-CD20 chimeric antibody that selectively targets B lymphocytes. Recently, it has been reported to be beneficial in treating pemphigus vulgaris. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to review the English-language literature on the treatment of pemphigus vulgaris (PV) with rituximab and to determine its efficacy and influence on ...
Horiguchi Takahiko - - 2006
In this randomized crossover study, 22 adult patients with moderate-to-severe persistent bronchial asthma were assigned to one of two groups. Patients in group 1 were administered fluticasone dry powder inhaler (DPI) for 8 weeks followed by a 2-week washout period, then hydrofluoroalkane-beclometasone dipropionate (HFA-BDP) for 8 weeks. After a further ...
Drakos Stavros G - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The use of left ventricular assist devices is associated with human leukocyte antigen (HLA) allosensitization. We investigated whether prophylactic treatment with low-dose intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG), analogous to the use of IgG anti-D (anti-Rh) in preventing Rh immunization, can abrogate HLA allosensitization after left ventricular assist device implantation. METHODS: We ...
Banerjee Sanjoy - - 2006
Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is a chronic disorder characterized by unresolving liver inflammation and has a fluctuating clinical course. Standard therapy has been corticosteroids given daily, alone or in combination with azathioprine (AZA). The potential for significant side effects from prolonged corticosteroid use remains high. To date, no pediatric literature describes ...
Saleh Samer - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of infliximab (Remicade) in the treatment of patients with sarcoidosis who either do not respond to corticosteroids and other conventional drugs or develop unacceptable side effects to these drugs. DESIGN: A clinical, non-randomized, off-label study. SETTING: Sarcoidosis clinic at a university teaching hospital. PATIENTS: Twelve ...
Kim Hyo Yeol - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This study was directed at identifying clinical features of chronic rhinosinusitis with asthma, and examining the differences of the postoperative outcomes in asthmatics and nonasthmatics. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Twenty-one asthmatic and 77 nonasthmatic patients who underwent functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) were entered into the study. The following ...
Egami Kimiyasu - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to find the predictors and generate a prediction score of resistance to intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) in patients with Kawasaki disease (KD). STUDY DESIGN: Patients diagnosed as having KD were sampled when they received initial high-dose IVIG treatment (2 g/kg dose) within 9 days ...
Chou S-H - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Glucocorticosteroid reversibility-testing is undertaken over a period of 3 months to identify whether patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) would benefit from long-term inhaled corticosteroids. This study assessed whether alveolar-capillary membrane (a/c) permeability testing can be used as an early alternative test method for the same ...
Vo A A - - 2006
Here we retrospectively examine the efficacy of two antibody induction regimens using Zenapax or Thymoglobulin in patients with positive complement-dependent cytotoxicity crossmatches (CDC-CMXs) desensitized with IVIG (intravenous immunoglobulin). Between January 1999 and March 2005, 97 patients with (+) CDC-CMXs received kidney transplants (43 deceased donors/54 living donors). All patients received ...
Markowitz James - - 2006
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The aim of this study was to describe 3-month and 1-year outcomes of children with Crohn's disease (CD) treated with corticosteroids within 30 days of diagnosis, with particular emphasis on the influence of infliximab on these outcomes. We also aimed to determine whether there are clinical or ...
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