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Das Uttara - - 2010
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the monthly pulse IV cyclophosphamide (IVC) therapy in patients with severe lupus nephritis, we studied 39 patients of lupus nephritis on IVC therapy between 1998 to 2002. Single monthly cyclophosphamide (0.75-1 g/m(2)) was infused intravenously with oral prednisolone (0.5 mg/kg per day) and ...
Zaid A A - - 2010
This study aimed to determine the aetiology, clinical presentation, co-morbidity, severity and the lobar distribution of non cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis (NCFB). We performed a retrospective review of clinical, radiological, immunological and microbiological data from 92 non-CF patients with a High resolution thoracic CT (HRCT) diagnosis of bronchiectasis in the three ...
Chen Min - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN), a common cause of nephrotic syndrome in adults, is usually treated with corticosteroids in combination with cyclophosphamide or cyclosporine. A recent placebo-controlled study suggested that tacrolimus monotherapy was effective in IMN. However, the effectiveness of tacrolimus versus classic regimen and its potential nephrotoxicity remain inconclusive. ...
Shetty Vanaja Prabhakar - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate effects of therapeutic usage of corticosteroids on M. leprae killing and clearance, on clearance of granuloma and on nerve damage in multibacillary (MB) leprosy patients. DESIGN: From a cohort of 400 untreated MB patients, a comparable group of 100 each receiving MDT + steroids (group A) vs ...
Broder Michael S - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate differences in demographics, physician specialty, and medication use between patients who achieve high versus low ratios of controller to total asthma medications. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort analysis. METHODS: We used a Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act-compliant claims database to identify patients aged 5 to 56 years with ...
Huerta M - - 2010
This single-blind study compared the efficacy of oral forskolin versus inhaled beclomethasone for mild or moderately persistent adult asthma. Patients were randomly assigned to receive forskolin (one 10-mg capsule orally per day; n = 30) or beclomethasone (two 50 microg inhalations every 12 h; n = 30) for 2 months. ...
Lemiere Catherine - - 2010
Despite being removed from their workplace, the majority of workers with occupational asthma (OA) remain afflicted with asthma. To assess the time course of clinical, functional and inflammatory parameters in subjects with OA over a four-year period, and whether the airway inflammation observed at the time of the diagnosis predicts ...
Norris Byron K - - 2010
We identify management strategies for the treatment of upper respiratory tract symptoms stemming from dysfunction of the recurrent laryngeal nerve. We present a retrospective case series of patients who had symptoms of sensory neuropathy, including persistent dysphonia, laryngospasm, and chronic cough. The patients were followed for symptomatic improvement after initiation ...
Kim Chang-Keun - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of montelukast on eosinophil degranulation and recurrent wheezing episodes in post-respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) bronchiolitis. STUDY DESIGN: Two hundred infants (age, 6-24 months) who were hospitalized with their first episode of acute RSV bronchiolitis were randomized in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel comparison of 4-mg montelukast ...
Suzuki Katsuya - - 2011
The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate the efficacy and safety of tacrolimus (TAC) in various manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients in daily clinical practice. Each of the 21 TAC-treated patients with SLE in our care over 2 years was enrolled in this open-label trial. Patients were ...
El-Shafey Eid M - - 2010
Recent studies have suggested that mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) may offer advantages over intravenous cyclophosphamide (IVC) for the treatment of lupus nephritis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of MMF compared with IVC in the induction therapy of proliferative lupus nephritis. We randomly assigned 47 patients with ...
Olschewski Horst - - 2010
AIMS: To investigate the long-term safety of inhaled iloprost in patients with pulmonary hypertension (pH), including idiopathic PAH (IPAH group) and other forms of pulmonary hypertension (PHother). METHODS AND RESULTS: Sixty-three patients (IPAH group, n=40, PHother n=23) were enrolled to receive inhaled iloprost either from baseline or after 3 months ...
Niermeijer J M F - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The disease course of polyneuropathy associated with immunoglobulin M monoclonal gammopathy (IgM MGUSP) can be highly variable. In order to identify factors that influence long-term disease outcome, a prospective cohort study was performed of 140 patients with IgM MGUSP over a period of 23 years. METHODS: All patients with ...
van Schaik Ivo N IN Department of Neurology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Netherlands. - - 2010
Pulsed high-dose dexamethasone induced long-lasting remission in patients with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) in a pilot study. The PREDICT study aimed to compare remission rates in patients with CIDP treated with high-dose dexamethasone with rates in patients treated with standard oral prednisolone. In eight neuromuscular centres in the Netherlands ...
Stiebel-Kalish Hadas - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Recurrent-relapsing inflammatory optic neuropathy, including chronic relapsing inflammatory and autoimmune optic neuropathies, is rare, but can cause severe visual loss. Long-term steroids may preserve vision, yet side effects are frequent. We describe our experience with intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIg). DESIGN: A semi-prospective case series from 4 medical centres. PARTICIPANTS: Patients ...
Kuo Lin-Yu - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Cytokines and chemokines play important roles in asthma. However, little information exists on the effects of inhaled corticosteroids on cytokine and chemokine plasma levels in childhood asthma. We compared the pharmaceutical effects of two inhaled corticosteroids used in pediatric patients with mild-to-moderate asthma, budesonide and fluticasone propionate. METHODS: Pediatric ...
Parikh Sameer A SA Department of Leukemia, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2010
KIT D816V mutation has been observed in more than 90% of patients with systemic mastocytosis (SM). This mutation constitutively activates the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway. We tested the efficacy of everolimus (RAD001), a novel oral mTOR inhibitor, at a dose of 10 mg daily in an open ...
Lateef A - - 2010
We performed a retrospective study of 10 patients with refractory systemic lupus erythematosus treated with rituximab to determine the efficacy, safety and impact on hospitalization days. Patients received rituximab according to a standardized protocol, all achieved B-cell depletion with clinical improvement in nine patients. At 12 months, BILAG scores improved ...
Griffiths Bridget - - 2010
To determine whether low-dose ciclosporin was a more effective corticosteroid-sparing agent than AZA in patients with SLE. Patients with SLE requiring a change or initiation of a corticosteroid-sparing agent and who were taking > or =15 mg of prednisolone/day were randomized to receive either ciclosporin or AZA during this 12-month ...
Shapiro Ralph - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Subcutaneous immunoglobulin (SCIg) replacement therapy for primary immune deficiency disease (PIDD) is a safe, effective, and convenient alternative to intravenous Ig (IVIg) therapy. Although SCIg is typically administered weekly by infusion pump, administration by a rapid push technique may provide a greater degree of convenience. Rapid push administration has ...
Foster C Stephen - - 2010
PURPOSE: To compare the effectiveness and safety of the combination therapy of rituximab (RTX) and intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) to other immunosuppressive regimens in the treatment of ocular cicatricial pemphigoid (OCP). DESIGN: Retrospective, comparative, interventional case series. PARTICIPANTS: Twelve patients with OCP. METHODS: We reviewed medical records of 12 patients with ...
Stensson M - - 2010
The aim of the present case-control study was to investigate dental caries, various caries-related factors as well as gingival condition, in 12- to 16-year-olds with long-term asthma (n = 20) and a matched healthy control group (n = 20). Data on dietary and oral hygiene habits, numbers of mutans streptococci ...
Kaneko Utako - - 2010
Behçet's disease (BD) is a multisystem immune-mediated inflammatory disorder. The choice of treatments depends on organ involvements and its severity. The treatments for pediatric patients usually consist of corticosteroids and immunosuppressants, but some of them are refractory to these treatments. Recently, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) appears to play an ...
Uchino A - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the safety and potential efficacy of tacrolimus for the treatment of patients with lupus nephritis and persistent proteinuria. METHODS: A total of 23 Japanese patients with lupus nephritis (21 females/2 males) were enrolled in this study. Patients were administered tacrolimus at a dose of 2-3 mg once ...
Cankayali Ilkin - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Neuromuscular abnormalities in sepsis, termed critical illness polyneuropathy (CIP), have been suggested to be induced by inflammatory mechanisms and/or relative hypovolemia. CIP is characterized by early electrophysiological findings before the clinical symptoms. This study aimed to investigate the effect of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) and volume replacement therapies on the ...
Nakamura J - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients are at high risk of developing osteonecrosis, as they require corticosteroid therapy for life. The purpose of this study was to use periodic MRI analysis to clarify (1) the incidence of new osteonecrosis associated with long-term corticosteroid therapy in SLE patients, and (2) the ...
Matsuyama Naomi - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Patients with lupus nephritis receiving intravenous cyclophosphamide (IVCY) therapy were divided into groups according to their clinical course, and the long-term prognosis was evaluated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 67 patients with lupus nephritis were enrolled and divided as follow into the following groups: Group A: patients with ...
Hozuki Takayoshi - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the responses of serum osteocalcin (OC), undercarboxylated osteocalcin (ucOC) and N-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (NTx) to corticosteroids, and to examine the effects of risedronate therapy with or without vitamin K(2) supplementation on bone metabolic markers in corticosteroid-treated patients. METHODS: ...
Blaha M - - 2010
Myasthenia gravis (MG) is a neuromuscular disorder leading to fluctuating muscle weakness and fatigue. Rarely, long-term stabilization is not possible through the use of thymectomy or any known drug therapy. We present our experience with extracorporeal immunoglobulin (Ig) elimination by immunoadsorption (adsorbers with human Ig antibodies). Acetylcholine receptor antibodies (AChRAs) ...
Büsing Viola - - 2010
Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) is an auto-immune blistering skin disease characterized by flaccid blisters and painful erosions of mucous membranes and skin. Suprabasal blister formation results from a loss of epidermal cohesion induced by auto-antibodies against the desmosomal protein desmoglein 3. Treatment of PV currently consists of systemic glucocorticosteroids and adjuvant ...
Shah Shailen - - 2010
Integration of an actuation counter into pressurized metered-dose inhalers (pMDIs) can allow patients to accurately determine the remaining number of medication doses. This study was designed to assess the functionality of budesonide/formoterol (Symbicort; AstraZeneca, Dunkerque, France) pMDI with an integrated actuation counter in a clinical setting. Children aged > or ...
Daniel Ebenezer - - 2010
To evaluate mycophenolate mofetil as a single noncorticosteroid immunosuppressive treatment for noninfectious ocular inflammatory diseases. Retrospective cohort study. Characteristics of patients with noninfectious ocular inflammation treated with mycophenolate mofetil at 4 subspecialty clinics from 1995 to 2007 were abstracted by expert reviewers in a standardized chart review of every eye ...
Odes S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Forecasting clinical and economic outcomes in ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD) patients is complex, but necessary. AIMS: To determine: the frequency of treatment-classified clinical states; the probability of transition between states; and the economic outcomes. METHODS: Newly diagnosed UC and CD patients, allocated into seven clinical states ...
Shah S - - 2009
Integration of an actuation counter into pressurized metered-dose inhalers (pMDIs) can allow patients to accurately determine the remaining number of medication doses. This study was designed to assess the functionality of budesonide/formoterol (Symbicort; AstraZeneca, Dunkerque, France) pMDI with an integrated actuation counter in a clinical setting. Children aged greater than ...
Ichinose M - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy and safety of tiotropium inhaled via Respimat Soft Mist Inhaler, a multidose propellant-free inhaler and HandiHaler, a single-dose dry powder inhaler, in a phase 2 study of Japanese COPD patients. METHODS: Patients with FEV(1)<or=70% predicted, FEV(1)/FVC<or=70% and a smoking history of >10 pack-years ...
Pujari Siddharth S - - 2010
To evaluate the outcomes of cyclophosphamide therapy for noninfectious ocular inflammation. Retrospective cohort study. Two hundred fifteen patients with noninfectious ocular inflammation observed from initiation of cyclophosphamide. Patients initiating cyclophosphamide, without other immunosuppressive drugs (other than corticosteroids), were identified at 4 centers. Dose of cyclophosphamide, response to therapy, corticosteroid-sparing effects, ...
Delmont Emilien - - 2010
We report a successful treatment with rituximab in a patient with CANOMAD neuropathy resistant to previous therapy. The titers of anti-disialosyl antibodies were decreased 3 months after the beginning of the treatment and the sensory ataxia clearly improved after 9 months of therapy.
Galldiks N - - 2009
The effectiveness of plasma exchange and intravenous application of immunoglobulins (IVIG) for the treatment of the Guillain Barré syndrome (GBS) has been demonstrated in large collectives. In contrast, there are only a few investigations in GBS patients with severe symptoms admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) and treated with ...
Miyamoto Katsuichi - - 2009
Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is a relapsing inflammatory condition characterized by selective involvement of the optic nerves and spinal cord. Humoral immune mechanisms play a role in the pathogenesis of NMO. The therapeutic efficacy of plasmapheresis (PP) has been reported in the cases that were poorly controlled with other treatments. Herein, ...
Yeap Swan Sim - - 2009
AIM: The aim of this study was to ascertain the management of gout by doctors in Malaysia. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was carried out among doctors attending rheumatology post-graduate courses, where gout was not a lecture topic. RESULTS: A total of 128 questionnaires were analyzed, of which the majority ...
Haahtela Tari - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In a 3-year study, adult patients who recently developed asthma (symptoms for less than 1 year) were treated for 2 years with the inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) budesonide (early therapy) or terbutaline. During the third year of the study, terbutaline-treated patients received budesonide (delayed therapy). Differences in lung function and ...
Femiano F - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is characterized by recurrent painful oral ulcers whose etiology remains largely unknown. Numerous therapeutic protocols have been tried so far, but effectiveness remains an issue. OBJECTIVE: To test a new drug for patients with recurrent oral aphthae nonresponsive to local corticosteroid therapy, we compared the ...
Lee Ji-Hyun - - 2010
RATIONALE: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a complex and heterogeneous disorder in which a number of different pathological processes lead to recognition of patient subgroups that may have individual characteristics and distinct responses to treatment. OBJECTIVES: We tested the hypothesis that responses of lung function to 3 months of ...
Xu D - - 2010
The objective of this study was to investigate the clinical characteristics and prognosis of Sj?gren's syndrome-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (SS/SLE) patients. Medical charts of 41 consecutive SS/SLE inpatients admitted to Peking Union Medical College Hospital (PUMCH) from February 1998 to February 2008 were systematically reviewed, including demographic data, clinical features, ...
Kanariou M - - 2009
We report on a 22-year-old girl with a history of recurrent febrile episodes, chronic arthritis, urticarial rash, and neurological symptoms including right hemiparesis, internal hydrocephalus, mental retardation, progressive deafness, and visual impairment. Treatment starting at age 20 months, including different combinations of immunosuppressive and antiinflammatory drugs such as corticosteroids and ...
Cabral David A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare the criteria for Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) with those of the European League Against Rheumatism/Pediatric Rheumatology European Society (EULAR/PRES) in a cohort of children with WG and other antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitides (AAVs), and to describe the interval to diagnosis, ...
Robinson Christie - - 2009
PURPOSE: A case of bronchiolitis obliterans with organizing pneumonia (BOOP) that developed after three years of nitrofurantoin therapy is described. SUMMARY: An 89 year-old Caucasian woman weighing 60 kg with diastolic heart failure and a history of urosepsis, viral pericarditis, and atrial fibrillation arrived at the emergency department with worsening ...
Ogata Shohei - - 2009
Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) treatment-resistant patients are high risk of developing coronary artery lesions with Kawasaki disease. The IVIG-responsive (Group A; n = 6) and IVIG-resistant patients (Group B) were predicted before starting the initial treatment using the Egami scoring system and randomly allocated as a single-IVIG treatment group (group B1; ...
Hanken Imke - - 2010
BACKGROUND: With an incidence of 1.5-1.8/1 million inhabitants per year, toxic epidermal necrolysis is a rare but life threatening disease. It is almost always drug-induced and its lethality is pronounced with up to 50 %. Several therapeutic options are described in literature; however, there is still lack of a universally ...
Baert Filip - - 2010
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Few prospective data are available to support the clinical relevance of mucosal healing in patients with Crohn's disease. This study examined whether complete healing, determined by endoscopy, predicts a better outcome in Crohn's disease. METHODS: One-hundred thirty-three newly diagnosed and treatment-na?ve Crohn's disease patients were given either ...
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