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Results 101 - 150 of 1345
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Shin Jae Il - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of intravenous corticosteroid therapy when Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) patients are unable to tolerate oral medications due to abdominal pain. We retrospectively analyzed 111 children with a diagnosis of HSP (mean age 6.9 ± 2.3 years, male:female = 54:57) from the years 2000 to 2007. They ...
Lashley D D Weatherall Institute of Molecular Medicine, The John Radcliffe, Oxford OX3 9DS, - - 2010
Mutations in the postsynaptic adaptor protein Dok-7 underlie congenital myasthenic syndrome (CMS) with a characteristic limb girdle pattern of muscle weakness. Patients usually do not respond to or worsen with the standard CMS treatments: cholinesterase inhibitors and 3,4-diaminopyridine. However, anecdotal reports suggest they may improve with ephedrine. This was an ...
Hagan John B - - 2010
Subcutaneous human IgG (SCIG) therapy in primary immunodeficiency (PID) offers sustained IgG levels throughout the dosing cycle and fewer adverse events (AEs) compared to intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG). A phase I study showed good local tolerability of IgPro20, a new 20% liquid SCIG stabilized with L-proline. A prospective, open-label, multicenter, single-arm, ...
Manlhiot Cedric - - 2010
To determine whether two different intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) preparations were equally efficacious in the treatment of Kawasaki disease (KD). Single centre retrospective review of all patients treated with IVIG for KD between January 1990 and April 2007. Comparison of IVIG (dose 2 g/kg) from two commercial preparations; Iveegam stabilized with ...
Hehir Michael K - - 2010
Two recent randomized, controlled trials failed to demonstrate a benefit of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) over prednisone in the treatment of myasthenia gravis (MG). We reviewed our experience with MMF in MG to determine whether these trials may have been unsuccessful because of their short duration and the unpredicted benefit of ...
Jónsdóttir Thórunn - - 2010
To compare the clinical results after treatment with B-cell depleting therapy in patients with membranous (WHO Class V) vs proliferative (WHO Class III or IV) lupus nephritis (LN). Data were compiled from two European centres on all patients with LN who were treated with i.v. rituximab (RTX) in a combination ...
De Moerloose Barbara - - 2010
The European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer 58951 trial for children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) or non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) addressed 3 randomized questions, including the evaluation of dexamethasone (DEX) versus prednisolone (PRED) in induction and, for average-risk patients, the evaluation of vincristine and corticosteroid pulses during continuation ...
Kumar Riten - - 2010
A short course of dexamethasone therapy may attenuate the course of acute chest syndrome (ACS) of sickle cell disease, but it also increases the risk of early readmission after discharge. Over several years at our institution, an "asthma regimen" of prednisone [2 mg/kg/d (max 80 mg) in 2 divided doses ...
Rasić Senija - - 2010
Lupus nephritis (LN) is an immune inflammation of kidneys caused by systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), a chronic inflammatory disease that affects the body's immune system. Aim of this study was to analyze clinical manifestation and treatment results of patients with LN. Forty one patients with clinical signs of LN were ...
Yu Jinho - - 2010
Lactobacilli are probiotic bacteria that are effective in the management of allergic diseases or gastroenteritis. It is hypothesized that such probiotics have immunoregulatory properties and promote mucosal tolerance. Our goal was to investigate whether Lactobacillus casei rhamnosus Lcr35 could inhibit airway inflammation in an ovalbumin (OVA)-induced murine model of asthma. ...
Wong Mark D - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Several clinical studies have suggested that the overuse of short-acting beta-agonists (SABAs) and the underuse of inhaled corticosteroids are prevalent and may compromise patient health and increase the use of scarce health-care resources. OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of an intervention designed to reduce SABA metered-dose inhaler (MDI) overdispensing ...
Leonardi Salvatore - - 2010
Sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) with monomeric carbamylated allergoid administered in accordance with the standard regimen has proven to be effective and safe. Achieving clinical benefit, however, requires a lengthy period of time so it is not very suitable for short-lasting allergies. We thus performed this study to compare an administration protocol ...
Das Uttara - - 2010
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the monthly pulse IV cyclophosphamide (IVC) therapy in patients with severe lupus nephritis, we studied 39 patients of lupus nephritis on IVC therapy between 1998 to 2002. Single monthly cyclophosphamide (0.75-1 g/m(2)) was infused intravenously with oral prednisolone (0.5 mg/kg per day) and ...
Zaid A A - - 2010
This study aimed to determine the aetiology, clinical presentation, co-morbidity, severity and the lobar distribution of non cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis (NCFB). We performed a retrospective review of clinical, radiological, immunological and microbiological data from 92 non-CF patients with a High resolution thoracic CT (HRCT) diagnosis of bronchiectasis in the three ...
Chen Min - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN), a common cause of nephrotic syndrome in adults, is usually treated with corticosteroids in combination with cyclophosphamide or cyclosporine. A recent placebo-controlled study suggested that tacrolimus monotherapy was effective in IMN. However, the effectiveness of tacrolimus versus classic regimen and its potential nephrotoxicity remain inconclusive. ...
Shetty Vanaja Prabhakar - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate effects of therapeutic usage of corticosteroids on M. leprae killing and clearance, on clearance of granuloma and on nerve damage in multibacillary (MB) leprosy patients. DESIGN: From a cohort of 400 untreated MB patients, a comparable group of 100 each receiving MDT + steroids (group A) vs ...
Broder Michael S - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate differences in demographics, physician specialty, and medication use between patients who achieve high versus low ratios of controller to total asthma medications. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort analysis. METHODS: We used a Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act-compliant claims database to identify patients aged 5 to 56 years with ...
Huerta M - - 2010
This single-blind study compared the efficacy of oral forskolin versus inhaled beclomethasone for mild or moderately persistent adult asthma. Patients were randomly assigned to receive forskolin (one 10-mg capsule orally per day; n = 30) or beclomethasone (two 50 microg inhalations every 12 h; n = 30) for 2 months. ...
Lemiere Catherine - - 2010
Despite being removed from their workplace, the majority of workers with occupational asthma (OA) remain afflicted with asthma. To assess the time course of clinical, functional and inflammatory parameters in subjects with OA over a four-year period, and whether the airway inflammation observed at the time of the diagnosis predicts ...
Norris Byron K - - 2010
We identify management strategies for the treatment of upper respiratory tract symptoms stemming from dysfunction of the recurrent laryngeal nerve. We present a retrospective case series of patients who had symptoms of sensory neuropathy, including persistent dysphonia, laryngospasm, and chronic cough. The patients were followed for symptomatic improvement after initiation ...
Kim Chang-Keun - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of montelukast on eosinophil degranulation and recurrent wheezing episodes in post-respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) bronchiolitis. STUDY DESIGN: Two hundred infants (age, 6-24 months) who were hospitalized with their first episode of acute RSV bronchiolitis were randomized in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel comparison of 4-mg montelukast ...
Suzuki Katsuya - - 2011
The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate the efficacy and safety of tacrolimus (TAC) in various manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients in daily clinical practice. Each of the 21 TAC-treated patients with SLE in our care over 2 years was enrolled in this open-label trial. Patients were ...
El-Shafey Eid M - - 2010
Recent studies have suggested that mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) may offer advantages over intravenous cyclophosphamide (IVC) for the treatment of lupus nephritis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of MMF compared with IVC in the induction therapy of proliferative lupus nephritis. We randomly assigned 47 patients with ...
Olschewski Horst - - 2010
AIMS: To investigate the long-term safety of inhaled iloprost in patients with pulmonary hypertension (pH), including idiopathic PAH (IPAH group) and other forms of pulmonary hypertension (PHother). METHODS AND RESULTS: Sixty-three patients (IPAH group, n=40, PHother n=23) were enrolled to receive inhaled iloprost either from baseline or after 3 months ...
Niermeijer J M F - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The disease course of polyneuropathy associated with immunoglobulin M monoclonal gammopathy (IgM MGUSP) can be highly variable. In order to identify factors that influence long-term disease outcome, a prospective cohort study was performed of 140 patients with IgM MGUSP over a period of 23 years. METHODS: All patients with ...
van Schaik Ivo N IN Department of Neurology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Netherlands. - - 2010
Pulsed high-dose dexamethasone induced long-lasting remission in patients with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) in a pilot study. The PREDICT study aimed to compare remission rates in patients with CIDP treated with high-dose dexamethasone with rates in patients treated with standard oral prednisolone. In eight neuromuscular centres in the Netherlands ...
Stiebel-Kalish Hadas - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Recurrent-relapsing inflammatory optic neuropathy, including chronic relapsing inflammatory and autoimmune optic neuropathies, is rare, but can cause severe visual loss. Long-term steroids may preserve vision, yet side effects are frequent. We describe our experience with intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIg). DESIGN: A semi-prospective case series from 4 medical centres. PARTICIPANTS: Patients ...
Kuo Lin-Yu - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Cytokines and chemokines play important roles in asthma. However, little information exists on the effects of inhaled corticosteroids on cytokine and chemokine plasma levels in childhood asthma. We compared the pharmaceutical effects of two inhaled corticosteroids used in pediatric patients with mild-to-moderate asthma, budesonide and fluticasone propionate. METHODS: Pediatric ...
Parikh Sameer A SA Department of Leukemia, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2010
KIT D816V mutation has been observed in more than 90% of patients with systemic mastocytosis (SM). This mutation constitutively activates the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway. We tested the efficacy of everolimus (RAD001), a novel oral mTOR inhibitor, at a dose of 10 mg daily in an open ...
Lateef A - - 2010
We performed a retrospective study of 10 patients with refractory systemic lupus erythematosus treated with rituximab to determine the efficacy, safety and impact on hospitalization days. Patients received rituximab according to a standardized protocol, all achieved B-cell depletion with clinical improvement in nine patients. At 12 months, BILAG scores improved ...
Griffiths Bridget - - 2010
To determine whether low-dose ciclosporin was a more effective corticosteroid-sparing agent than AZA in patients with SLE. Patients with SLE requiring a change or initiation of a corticosteroid-sparing agent and who were taking > or =15 mg of prednisolone/day were randomized to receive either ciclosporin or AZA during this 12-month ...
Shapiro Ralph - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Subcutaneous immunoglobulin (SCIg) replacement therapy for primary immune deficiency disease (PIDD) is a safe, effective, and convenient alternative to intravenous Ig (IVIg) therapy. Although SCIg is typically administered weekly by infusion pump, administration by a rapid push technique may provide a greater degree of convenience. Rapid push administration has ...
Foster C Stephen - - 2010
PURPOSE: To compare the effectiveness and safety of the combination therapy of rituximab (RTX) and intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) to other immunosuppressive regimens in the treatment of ocular cicatricial pemphigoid (OCP). DESIGN: Retrospective, comparative, interventional case series. PARTICIPANTS: Twelve patients with OCP. METHODS: We reviewed medical records of 12 patients with ...
Stensson M - - 2010
The aim of the present case-control study was to investigate dental caries, various caries-related factors as well as gingival condition, in 12- to 16-year-olds with long-term asthma (n = 20) and a matched healthy control group (n = 20). Data on dietary and oral hygiene habits, numbers of mutans streptococci ...
Kaneko Utako - - 2010
Behçet's disease (BD) is a multisystem immune-mediated inflammatory disorder. The choice of treatments depends on organ involvements and its severity. The treatments for pediatric patients usually consist of corticosteroids and immunosuppressants, but some of them are refractory to these treatments. Recently, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) appears to play an ...
Uchino A - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the safety and potential efficacy of tacrolimus for the treatment of patients with lupus nephritis and persistent proteinuria. METHODS: A total of 23 Japanese patients with lupus nephritis (21 females/2 males) were enrolled in this study. Patients were administered tacrolimus at a dose of 2-3 mg once ...
Cankayali Ilkin - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Neuromuscular abnormalities in sepsis, termed critical illness polyneuropathy (CIP), have been suggested to be induced by inflammatory mechanisms and/or relative hypovolemia. CIP is characterized by early electrophysiological findings before the clinical symptoms. This study aimed to investigate the effect of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) and volume replacement therapies on the ...
Nakamura J - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients are at high risk of developing osteonecrosis, as they require corticosteroid therapy for life. The purpose of this study was to use periodic MRI analysis to clarify (1) the incidence of new osteonecrosis associated with long-term corticosteroid therapy in SLE patients, and (2) the ...
Matsuyama Naomi - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Patients with lupus nephritis receiving intravenous cyclophosphamide (IVCY) therapy were divided into groups according to their clinical course, and the long-term prognosis was evaluated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 67 patients with lupus nephritis were enrolled and divided as follow into the following groups: Group A: patients with ...
Hozuki Takayoshi - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the responses of serum osteocalcin (OC), undercarboxylated osteocalcin (ucOC) and N-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (NTx) to corticosteroids, and to examine the effects of risedronate therapy with or without vitamin K(2) supplementation on bone metabolic markers in corticosteroid-treated patients. METHODS: ...
Blaha M - - 2010
Myasthenia gravis (MG) is a neuromuscular disorder leading to fluctuating muscle weakness and fatigue. Rarely, long-term stabilization is not possible through the use of thymectomy or any known drug therapy. We present our experience with extracorporeal immunoglobulin (Ig) elimination by immunoadsorption (adsorbers with human Ig antibodies). Acetylcholine receptor antibodies (AChRAs) ...
Büsing Viola - - 2010
Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) is an auto-immune blistering skin disease characterized by flaccid blisters and painful erosions of mucous membranes and skin. Suprabasal blister formation results from a loss of epidermal cohesion induced by auto-antibodies against the desmosomal protein desmoglein 3. Treatment of PV currently consists of systemic glucocorticosteroids and adjuvant ...
Shah Shailen - - 2010
Integration of an actuation counter into pressurized metered-dose inhalers (pMDIs) can allow patients to accurately determine the remaining number of medication doses. This study was designed to assess the functionality of budesonide/formoterol (Symbicort; AstraZeneca, Dunkerque, France) pMDI with an integrated actuation counter in a clinical setting. Children aged > or ...
Ozkan Berna B From the Ophthalmology Department, School of Medicine, Kocaeli University, Kocaeli, - - 2010
To report a case of progressive indocyanine green (ICG) toxicity that occurred after pars plana vitrectomy for an epiretinal membrane. The patient underwent pars plana vitrectomy for an epiretinal membrane. After fluid--air exchange, ICG was spread only on the macular area, and air-fluid exchange was performed immediately. The epiretinal membrane ...
Daniel Ebenezer - - 2010
To evaluate mycophenolate mofetil as a single noncorticosteroid immunosuppressive treatment for noninfectious ocular inflammatory diseases. Retrospective cohort study. Characteristics of patients with noninfectious ocular inflammation treated with mycophenolate mofetil at 4 subspecialty clinics from 1995 to 2007 were abstracted by expert reviewers in a standardized chart review of every eye ...
Odes S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Forecasting clinical and economic outcomes in ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD) patients is complex, but necessary. AIMS: To determine: the frequency of treatment-classified clinical states; the probability of transition between states; and the economic outcomes. METHODS: Newly diagnosed UC and CD patients, allocated into seven clinical states ...
Shah S - - 2009
Integration of an actuation counter into pressurized metered-dose inhalers (pMDIs) can allow patients to accurately determine the remaining number of medication doses. This study was designed to assess the functionality of budesonide/formoterol (Symbicort; AstraZeneca, Dunkerque, France) pMDI with an integrated actuation counter in a clinical setting. Children aged greater than ...
Ichinose M - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy and safety of tiotropium inhaled via Respimat Soft Mist Inhaler, a multidose propellant-free inhaler and HandiHaler, a single-dose dry powder inhaler, in a phase 2 study of Japanese COPD patients. METHODS: Patients with FEV(1)<or=70% predicted, FEV(1)/FVC<or=70% and a smoking history of >10 pack-years ...
Pujari Siddharth S - - 2010
To evaluate the outcomes of cyclophosphamide therapy for noninfectious ocular inflammation. Retrospective cohort study. Two hundred fifteen patients with noninfectious ocular inflammation observed from initiation of cyclophosphamide. Patients initiating cyclophosphamide, without other immunosuppressive drugs (other than corticosteroids), were identified at 4 centers. Dose of cyclophosphamide, response to therapy, corticosteroid-sparing effects, ...
Delmont Emilien - - 2010
We report a successful treatment with rituximab in a patient with CANOMAD neuropathy resistant to previous therapy. The titers of anti-disialosyl antibodies were decreased 3 months after the beginning of the treatment and the sensory ataxia clearly improved after 9 months of therapy.
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