Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1337
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Nakano Yutaka - - 2003
BACKGROUND: International guidelines recommend multiple doses of inhaled beta2-agonists and anticholinergics plus early administration of systemic corticosteroids for acute, severe asthma. This study examined the efficacy of this protocol in adults and analyzed those factors associated with unresponsiveness to the protocol therapy. OBJECTIVE: Ninety-three consecutive patients 18 to 55 years ...
Masood Q - - 2003
Thirty patients of pemphigus have been treated with Dexamethasone Cyclophosphamide Pulse (DCP) in our hospital in the past three years. Of these twelve patients are off all treatment and are in complete remission while the rest are in different phases of the treatment and responding quite well to the pulse ...
Kar P K - - 2003
We present our experience with 21 patients of pemphigus vulgaris seen over a period of 10 years managed in service hospitals during acute phase of the disease. Age groups of patients ranged from 25-45 years. Eighteen (85.7%) were young adults, 30-40 years of age. Fifteen (71.4%) were men and 6 ...
Zaja Francesco - - 2003
The best treatment of type II mixed cryoglobulinemia (MC) has still to be defined. Antiviral treatment for the frequent underlying infectious trigger hepatitis C virus (HCV) may be ineffective, contraindicated, or not tolerated in a fraction of cases, whereas current immunosuppressive treatments may lead to relevant complications. Selective B-cell blockade ...
Wolf H H - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A nanofiltration step with the capacity to reduce blood-borne pathogens was introduced into the manufacturing process of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG). In order to demonstrate the efficacy, safety and pharmacokinetics of the modified product, we conducted Phase II/III studies comparing the nanofiltered IVIG (IVIG-N) with its parent product, ...
Prins Christa - - 2003
BACKGROUND:Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) is a severe cutaneous drug reaction associated with considerable morbidity, possible transition to toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) and death in certain cases. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether treatment with high-dose IVIG in SJS patients may improve outcome. METHODS: Data from 12 patients (collected between January 1997 and November ...
Busse William - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Concurrent use of an inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) and an inhaled long-acting beta2-agonist provides better overall asthma control than the use of higher doses of ICS alone. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this investigation was to determine whether fluticasone propionate (FP) combined with salmeterol in the Diskus device can be used ...
Nakano Ayako - - 2003
Corticosteroids are often used in the treatment of acute viral encephalitis, although the efficacy of corticosteroid therapy has not been proven. We examined the effects of high-dose corticosteroid therapy on acute viral encephalitis in 5 patients with progressive disturbances of consciousness. In 3 patients who were treated within 5 days ...
Tam L S - - 2003
Mesangial lupus nephritis was thought to be a mild form of lupus nephritis. However, case reports suggest that this type of nephritis could be associated with a high rate of transformation to more serious classes. We retrospectively reviewed the clinical features, clinical response at one year following treatment, as well ...
Trent Jennifer T - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is a rare, life-threatening condition caused by certain medications. Keratinocytes affected by TEN have been found to undergo apoptosis mediated by Fas-FasL interactions. Treatment with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) has been proposed to inhibit this interaction. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the effectiveness of IVIG therapy in reducing ...
Housman Tamara Salam - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Thalidomide is an anti-inflammatory agent and an immunomodulator that inhibits the production of tumor necrosis factor alpha. It has shown promise as a treatment option for the cutaneous manifestations of lupus erythematosus (LE). OBJECTIVE: To assess the degree of clinical response per subtype of cutaneous lupus, the duration of ...
Bachot Nicolas - - 2003
BACKGROUND: It has been proposed that Fas-Fas ligand interaction was responsible for the apoptosis of epidermal cells in Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) and that high doses of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) could help patients by blocking the apoptosis. OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of IVIG on SJS ...
Mastaglia F L - - 2003
The initial approach to the treatment of patients with inflammatory myopathy is critical in determining the subsequent course and outcome. Prolonged administration of high doses of corticosteroids should be avoided and a second-line agent such as methotrexate or azathioprine should be introduced earlier rather than later. Intravenous immunoglobulin therapy has ...
Harris Gerald J - - 2003
PURPOSE: To describe the findings and outcomes in eosinophilic granuloma (unifocal Langerhans cell histiocytosis [LCH]) of the orbit, and to explain the paradox of aggressive bone destruction responsive to minimal intervention. METHODS: Retrospective, consecutive, interventional case series of patients treated from 1985 through 2001. Minimum inclusion criteria were demonstration of ...
Hughes Richard A C - - 2003
This review briefly describes current concepts concerning the nosological status, pathogenesis and management of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP). CIDP is an uncommon variable disorder of unknown but probably autoimmune aetiology. The commonest form of CIDP causes more or less symmetrical progressive or relapsing weakness affecting proximal and distal muscles. ...
Skoner David E - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The therapeutic margin of a drug is the difference between the optimal effective dose and the dose at which unacceptable adverse effects occur. This margin is particularly important in the case of therapies that are used long term for the control of chronic illnesses, such as inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs) ...
Mitchell C - - 2003
This double-blind, randomised, multi-centre, parallel-group study compared the effect of adding Foradil (formoterol fumarate) to existing medium-high doses of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) with that of doubling the dose of ICS in patients with sub-optimally controlled asthma. After a run-in period, 203 patients with moderate-to-severe asthma who remained symptomatic despite treatment ...
Sevinc C - - 2003
We aimed to evaluate the effect of withdrawal of inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) therapy on the course of mild to moderate asthma. Nineteen cases with stable, mild to moderate asthma were included in this study. Patients had used ICSs regularly during the past year and had no symptoms and signs for ...
O'Sullivan Siobhán - - 2003
The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of addition of montelukast to inhaled fluticasone propionate (FP) therapy, compared with FP therapy alone (100 microg twice a day) on airway immunopathology in individuals with mild asthma. Twenty-eight subjects received FP (100 microg twice a day) or FP (100 ...
Dimopoulos Meletios A - - 2002
Waldenström's macroglobulinemia is a low-grade lymphoplasmacytoid lymphoma characterized by CD20 expression on malignant cells. Several studies have indicated that the anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody rituximab has activity against this disease. Thus, we performed a prospective study in which 17 previously untreated patients with symptomatic macroglobulinemia were treated with rituximab 375 mg/m2 ...
Wegner Brian - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To investigate effectiveness of long-term treatment of myasthenia gravis (MG) with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG). BACKGROUND: There are no definitive studies showing effectiveness of IVIG therapy in long-term treatment of MG. Most studies have investigated the acute treatment of MG with IVIG. We describe our experience with long-term treatment of ...
Emerson Geoffrey G - - 2002
Although intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) generally is considered a safe treatment for various autoimmune and inflammatory disorders, rare cases of thrombosis may occur. We describe two patients who experienced thrombotic complications associated with IVIg therapy. A 54-year-old woman with idiopathic thrombocytopenia received IVIg 1 g/kg/day for 2 days. While receiving her ...
Chen Guan-Hsing - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To report a severe case of paraquat poisoning successfully treated with repeated-pulse therapy of methylprednisolone. DESIGN: Case study. SETTING: University Hospital, Lin-Kou Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China. PATIENTS: A 60-yr-old man with paraquat poisoning with severe acute renal failure (serum creatinine level of 11.8 mg/dL and serum ...
Tóth G G - - 2002
Pulse therapy with high-dose glucocorticoids was introduced 20 years ago as a treatment modality for autoimmune disease and transplant rejection. The most popular dermatological indication for pulse therapy is severe pemphigus. We reviewed the sequelae of 14 patients with pemphigus who were treated by pulse therapy. Seven of them reached ...
Guillot Bernard - - 2002
Inhaled corticosteroids are considered to be the therapy of choice in the treatment of asthma and allergic rhinitis. However, various cutaneous adverse reactions have been described and are probably present in approximately half of patients. Some of these reactions are related to the daily dosage of steroids or the duration ...
Traynor Ann E - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine the safety and long-term efficacy of immune ablation and autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in severe systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: Fifteen patients with persistently active SLE after intravenous (IV) cyclophosphamide (CYC) therapy underwent HSCT. Stem cells were mobilized with CYC (2.0 gm/m(2)) and granulocyte colony-stimulating ...
Leandro Maria J - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To gain preliminary evidence for the safety and efficacy of B lymphocyte depletion therapy in refractory systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: Six female patients with active SLE, resistant to standard immunosuppressive therapy, were treated on an open-label basis. During a 2-week period, each patient received two 500-mg infusions of ...
Qari Faiza A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to demonstrate the clinical laboratory, treatment and course of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: A total of 65 patients with positive double strand antibodies were collected at the Immunology Laboratory of King Abdul-Aziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia over a 2 ...
Tristani-Firouzi Payam - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is an acute illness characterized by rapid onset of skin necrosis and high mortality. Standard treatment is primarily aimed at supportive care in a burn unit setting. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the outcome of 8 pediatric patients treated for TEN with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) over a ...
Sood Ajit - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Severe ulcerative colitis is conventionally treated with parenteral corticosteroids followed by oral corticosteroids. Regular use of corticosteroids is associated with side effects. Corticosteroid pulse therapy, i.e., use of supraphysiologic dose followed by complete withdrawal, which is likely to have fewer side effects, was tried in the current study. STUDY: ...
Suissa S - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Inhaled corticosteroids are effective at preventing asthma morbidity and mortality. Most studies, however, have focused on short term effects, raising uncertainty about their effectiveness in the long term. METHODS: The Saskatchewan Health databases were used to form two population based cohorts of asthma patients aged 5-44 between 1975 and ...
Javeed Mansoor - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Few therapeutic options are available for severe, life-threatening, refractory autoimmune hemolytic anemia. CASE REPORT: A 53-year-old 110-kg man was seen with acute onset of symptomatic severe anemia with syncope, unstable angina, and jaundice. His nadir Hct was 8.3 percent with a peak total bilirubin of 44 mg per dL. ...
Yeap S S - - 2002
The best therapeutic choice in the treatment of lupus nephritis remains open to debate. In addition, there have been little data on the treatment of lupus nephritis in Asian patients. The objective of this study was to look at the response rate and complications of treatment given for lupus nephritis ...
Wang S-J - - 2002
Growth impairment has been described in patients with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA). Both the direct action of underlying disease and prolonged corticosteroid usage for disease management may contribute to growth impairment. The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the effect of systemic corticosteroid treatment on attained adult height ...
Lagalla G - - 2002
The objective of this double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study was to test the efficacy of high-dose prednisone, administered as early as possible, in modifying the natural progression of Bell's palsy. Sixty-two consecutive patients, enrolled within 72 hours of facial palsy onset, were assigned to high dose intravenous prednisone in combination with ...
Sami Naveed - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) is a rare, potentially fatal autoimmune mucocutaneous blistering disease. The prolonged use of systemic corticosteroids, though clinically effective in high doses, can result in multiple debilitating adverse effects. Immunosuppressive agents, used as adjuvants and as corticosteroid-sparing agents, are not effective in all patients and are contraindicated ...
Sami N - - 2002
Oral pemphigoid (OP) is a chronic autoimmune disease, involving the oral cavity, characterized by a homogenous linear deposition of immunoglobulins, complement, or both along the basement membrane zone (BMZ) and a subepithelial blister formation. The alpha6/beta4 heterodimer is an integrin family of adhesion receptors, which mediates basal cell to matrix ...
Lipworth Brian J - - 2002
The established place of regular long-acting beta2-adrenoceptor agonists at step 3 in asthma management guidelines has evolved as a consequence of evidence showing additive effects of salmeterol and formoterol on exacerbation rates, resulting in a putative inhaled corticosteroid sparing effect. There is however, evidence to show that although long-acting beta2-adrenoceptor ...
Verhoeven G T - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) with inhaled corticosteroids does not appear to be as effective as similar treatment of asthma. It seems that only certain subgroups of patients with COPD benefit from steroid treatment. A study was undertaken to examine whether inhaled fluticasone propionate (FP) had an ...
Bensch George - - 2002
The long-term efficacy and safety of formoterol dry powder capsules for inhalation in pediatric asthma have not previously been evaluated. We examined the effectiveness of inhaled formoterol over a period of 12 months in asthmatic children who were still symptomatic despite anti-inflammatory treatment. After a run-in period, 518 patients (5 ...
Aricò Maurizio - - 2002
One hundred ninety-eight children and adolescents were entered in the Associazione Italiana di Ematologia ed Oncologia Pediatrica (AIEOP)-ALL95 study for high-risk acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Inclusion criteria were poor response to initial prednisone/intrathecal methotrexate (prednisone-poor response [PPR]), resistance to induction therapy, translocation t(9;22), infants with the t(4;11), or CD10(-) ALL. ...
Karakoç Fazilet - - 2002
Undiagnosed and retained foreign bodies may result in serious complications such as pneumonia, atelectasis, or bronchiectasis. We reviewed a total of 174 children with foreign body aspiration (FBA). Clinical, radiological, and bronchoscopic findings of these patients were evaluated according to the nature of foreign body and elapsed time from aspiration ...
Mignogna Michele Davide - - 2002
BACKGROUND: High-dose intravenous (i.v.) methylprednisolone has been used therapeutically in severe blistering diseases to avoid the complications and side-effects of long-term orally administered glucocorticoid therapy. The aim of the study is to evaluate the capacity of methylprednisolone i.v. 'pulse' therapy to induce remission in the treatment of severe oropharyngeal pemphigus. ...
Brabson John H - - 2002
To compare the efficacy and safety of fluticasone propionate and zafirlukast in patients with relatively stable persistent asthma who were previously treated with inhaled corticosteroids and short-acting beta(2)-agonists.A total of 440 patients (> or =12 years of age) previously treated with inhaled corticosteroids (beclomethasone dipropionate or triamcinolone acetonide) and short-acting ...
Baughman Robert P - - 2002
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Thalidomide therapy has been shown to modify granulomatous diseases, such as tuberculosis and leprosy. Lupus pernio is a skin manifestation of sarcoidosis that does not remit spontaneously, and was used as a marker of efficacy of thalidomide for sarcoidosis. DESIGN: An open-label, dose-escalation trial of thalidomide. SETTING: Patients ...
Dahl R - - 2002
Asthma is characterized by inflammation of the airways and long-term treatment with inhaled glucocorticosteroids improve clinical control in patients previously treated with inhaled rescue beta-2 agonist. We investigated whether the dose of inhaled glucocorticosteroid was related to outcome compared with oral theophylline. Budesonide 800 microg bd, budesonide 200 microg bd, ...
Kauppinen-Mäkelin Ritva - - 2002
PURPOSE: To compare the effectiveness of intravenous (i.v.) methylprednisolone pulse therapy and oral prednisone when used as the initial treatment of patients with mild or moderate thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy. METHODS: Thirty-three consecutive patients with thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy in Helsinki and Turku University Hospitals were randomly assigned either i.v. methylprednisolone pulse therapy (group ...
Runeson L - - 2002
Lateral epicondylalgia (tennis elbow) is a common dysfunction of the arm. Because there is no agreement concerning the pathophysiology, several modes of treatments have been tried and one of the most common is local steroid injection. Iontophoresis using corticosteroids is a fairly new method recommended in the treatment of lateral ...
Wei Lianbo - - 2002
Fifty-seven cases of nephrotic syndrome were treated with TCM decoctions as accessory treatment for prednisone and cyclophosphamide, and the effects were observed in a follow-up period of 5-15 years. The long-term complete remission rate of 68.4% and recurrence rate of 26.3% in the treatment group were respectively higher and lower ...
Cazzola M - - 2002
Several studies have shown that there are notable benefits in adding a long acting beta 2-agonist to an inhaled corticosteroid. Particularly, long acting beta 2-agonists allow to reduce the amount of steroid that is required to induce a specific response and, consequently, its possible side effects. Currently the pharmaceutical market ...
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