Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1340
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Odaka M - - 2005
Side effects were compared in 9 patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome treated with standard intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) only and in 9 treated with combined methylprednisolone and IVIg therapy. Headache occurred in 2 in both groups, indicative that pre-infusion with steroids does not prevent headache. Transient liver function disturbances were present in ...
Christiansen Ole B - - 2005
Immunological disturbances play a role in the majority of patients with recurrent miscarriage (RM) and therefore treatment with intravenous immunoglobulin (IvIg) has been tested in patients with RM in several trials. Seven placebo-controlled trials that were extremely heterogeneous with respect to patient characteristics and treatment procedures were carried out. One ...
Ryan D - - 2005
Peak flow monitoring is widely recommended as part of a self-management plan for asthma. We conducted an observational study using electronic peak flow monitoring and mobile phone technology in a UK general practice population over a nine-month period. Patients between 12 and 55 years of age who required treatment with ...
Koski Carol Lee - - 2005
The inflammatory neuropathies (chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy [CIDP], Guillain-Barr? syndrome [GBS] and multifocal motor neuropathy [MMN]) affect only one to two individuals per 100 000 of the population, but result in major disability and impairment. Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) can be used as an initial treatment for CIDP, GBS and MMN. ...
Beenakker Ernesto A C - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Prednisone treatment is used to prolong ambulation in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). However, since severe adverse effects often accompany prednisone treatment, it is debatable whether the benefits of prednisone treatment outweigh its adverse effects. OBJECTIVES: To study the effects of prednisone on muscle function and to determine ...
Coelho A - - 2005
Thalidomide has been reported as efficacious in refractory cutaneous lupus erythematosus (LE). The most fearful side-effects are teratogenicity and neuropathy. We reported clinical efficacy of long-term low-dose use of thalidomide in 65 patients with LE, emphasizing the prevalence of adverse effects, especially of neuropathy and its related factors. Data obtained ...
Dhabhai Ravindra - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Therapy systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) has been generally discouraging. Methyl-prednisolone pulse therapy has been used for various connective tissue disorders. We used intravenous dexamethasone cyclophosphamide pulse therapy to treat SLE. METHODS: Fourteen patients (10 females and 4 males) between the age of 15-48 years with definite or ...
Yeh Shih Wei - - 2005
Pemphigus vulgaris is a rare, chronic, autoimmune mucocutaneous blistering disease. The disease can progress to involve the skin and multiple mucosae. Pemphigus vulgaris can be associated with a high morbidity and significant mortality rate. Treatment of the condition can be challenging. Conventional therapy primarily consists of systemic corticosteroids and immunosuppressant ...
González P - - 2005
The most commonly identified causes of angioedema are medications, allergens and physical agents, but most cases of angioedema are idiopathic. Treatment depends on identification of the causative agent and, especially when the mechanism is not identified, on the clinicians knowledge and experience with innovative therapeutic regimens. A 48-year-old man presented ...
Sood Akshay - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Chronic beryllium disease (CBD) shares many of its characteristics with sarcoidosis and is often treated with corticosteroids. There is limited available literature regarding the effect of long-term corticosteroid therapy on the natural history of CBD. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We conducted an observational retrospective study of six patients with CBD ...
Spetie Dan N - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The immunosuppressant mycophenolic acid (MMF) has been used successfully to manage proliferative forms of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) glomerulonephritis (GN) World Health Organization (WHO) Classes III and IV. Less is known about MMF treatment of membranous SLE GN (WHO Class V, SLE MN). METHODS: We report our experience with ...
Danieli M G - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To study the long term effectiveness of intravenous immunoglobulin and plasmapheresis associated with prednisone and cyclophosphamide in Churg-Strauss syndrome. SUBJECTS: and methods: We studied 18 subjects with new onset Churg-Strauss syndrome. All received the "standard" treatment based on prednisone (1 mg/kg/day for 1 month and then slowly tapered) and ...
D'Haens Geert - - 2004
Therapeutic research in Crohn's disease has been intensified in recent years. This has led to many novel approaches and insights into the mechanism of action of "classic" drugs. Antibiotics remain valuable but do not offer benefit when used in addition to corticosteroids. Immunomodulators remain the cornerstone for maintenance therapy, although ...
Tanaka H - - 2004
AIM: The optimal treatment for lupus nephritis in the pubertal age group is still unclear. We therefore retrospectively evaluated the efficacy and safety of mizoribine (MZR), a novel selective inhibitor of inosine monophosphatase dehydrogenase, developed in Japan for the treatment of lupus nephritis in pubertal patients, because MZR has been ...
Tsang K W - - 2004
While exhaled nitric oxide (eNO) levels are reduced by inhaled corticosteroid therapy in asthma, such treatment effect is unclear in bronchiectasis. Stable non-smoking bronchiectasis patients were randomised to receive either fluticasone (1 mg/daily) or identical placebo via the Accuhaler device. Sixty non-smoking patients (38 women; mean age 56.4 +/- 12.7 ...
Al-Mutairi N - - 2004
BACKGROUND: High-dose intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) is emerging as a promising new therapy for treating the rare but potentially fatal drug reaction toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN). Experimental in vitro studies support that IVIG can block the Fas-FasL-mediated apoptosis in TEN. METHODS: Twelve consecutive patients (7M, 5F) with TEN admitted over a ...
Vucic Steve - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Multifocal motor neuropathy with conduction blocks (MMNCB) is an immune-mediated motor neuropathy. Previous long-term IV immunoglobulin (IVIg) treatment studies have documented improvement in muscle strength and functional disability but revealed a concomitant increase in acute axonal degeneration (AD) and conduction block (CB). OBJECTIVE: To determine the long-term effects of ...
Marlowe Sharon N S - - 2004
The ILEP nerve function impairment and reaction research programme (INFIR 2) was a group of clinical trials conducted to identify second-line treatments for severe leprosy type 1 reactions (T1R). This paper presents the clinical results of one of these trials in which azathioprine was used in combination with short-course prednisolone ...
de Seze J - - 2004
In order to assess the effectiveness of monthly intravenous corticosteroids in reducing childbirth-associated acute exacerbations in multiple sclerosis (MS), we compared pregnant patients followed up in our MS clinic. During the first period (1996-1998), 22 patients did not receive any treatment after delivery. During the second period (1999-2001), following the ...
Achiron Anat - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) has been reported to reduce disease activity in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. We assessed the effect of IVIg treatment in patients after the first neurological event suggestive of demyelinative disease and evaluated the occurrence of a second attack and dissemination in time demonstrated by brain ...
Kreuter Alexander - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Livedoid vasculitis (LV) usually presents with painful, slowly healing ulcerations of the lower limbs. The precise pathophysiology of this relatively rare disease remains obscure. Therapeutic strategies usually include rheologic, anti-inflammatory, or immunosuppressive agents. However, no continuing benefit has been reported in any of these modalities. Recently, encouraging case reports ...
Kukreja Sham - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The suffering of children with asthma as a persistent illness is present in approximately 10% of the total population. The prevalent treatment regimens available has been the inhaled coticosteroids and short acting bronchodialators. Though the therapies are rational and well accepted but at the cost of side effects on ...
Martinelli R - - 2004
Prednisone is the initial treatment of primary focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. However, when immunosuppressive agents in combination with steroids are used in the treatment of prednisone-dependent and prednisone-resistant patients the remission rate is variable. We report a long-term trial using cyclophosphamide (2.0 to 3.0 mg/kg body weight for 12 weeks) in ...
Tonna Antonella - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To compare actual practice to that recommended in asthma guidelines, published in Malta in February 1998, with respect to the management of asthma. These were the first national clinical guidelines to be published locally. METHOD: A piloted, structured interview was conducted with patients between 14-59 years who were hospitalised ...
Drozdzowska Bogna - - 2004
The aim of the study was to assess skeletal status in bronchial asthma male patients after long-term corticosteroid (CSt) therapy. A total of 25 men patients (mean age 53.8 +/- 11.6 years) were compared with 343 men: 256 control men without fractures (mean age 54.4 +/- 13.1 years) and 87 ...
Di Monaco Marco - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the functional recovery and the length of stay after hip fracture in patients receiving corticosteroids. DESIGN: A total of 796 inpatients with hip fracture consecutively admitted to our rehabilitation hospital were included in this retrospective study. A total of 36 of 796 were currently treated with either ...
ZuWallack Alicia R - - 2004
Tiotropium bromide is a quaternary ammonium compound structurally related to ipratropium and has recently been approved in the US for the long-term, once-daily, maintenance treatment of bronchospasm associated with chronic-obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It is available in a dry powder form, where 18 microg [corrected] of the drug is inhaled ...
Breekveldt-Postma N S - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To quantify persistence with inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) among new users in daily practice and identify determinants of persistence. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed with data from the Dutch PHARMO system. This system consists of medication and hospital admission records of 325,000 inhabitants of 12 Dutch cities. In ...
Looney R John - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Safer and more effective therapies are needed for the treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). B lymphocytes have been shown to play fundamental pathogenic roles in SLE, and therefore, elimination of B cells with the use of rituximab may represent a new therapy for SLE. METHODS: A phase I/II ...
Loh L C - - 2004
Inefficient metered-dose inhaler (MDI) technique results in poor drug delivery, suboptimal disease control a possibility of inhaled medication overuse. The MDI technique of 134 government hospital and clinic followed-up adult asthmatic patients followed-up in a government hospital and a heath clinic was pragmatically assessed based on the 3 obligatory steps ...
Sami Naveed - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To report the clinical outcome and long-term follow-up of 10 patients with progressive ocular-cicatricial pemphigoid (OCP), nonresponsive to conventional therapy and treated with IV immunoglobulin (IVIg) therapy, reported earlier as a preliminary study. DESIGN: Noncomparative, prospective, interventional case series according to a defined protocol for IVIg therapy. PARTICIPANTS: Ten ...
Davis Lorrie A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To review the pharmacology, efficacy, and safety of omalizumab, focusing on the treatment of allergic asthma. DATA SOURCES: A MEDLINE search (1966-November 2003) was conducted using the key words omalizumab, Xolair, and Rhu-MAB25, with studies limited to those in humans and published in English. References of identified articles were ...
Park Sung-Woo - - 2004
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Eosinophilic bronchitis (EB) presents as a chronic cough and sputum eosinophilia without airflow limitation or bronchial hyperreactivity. Its long-term clinical course remains unknown. This study evaluated how frequently EB recurs and whether it develops chronic airway obstruction. DESIGN: This study was a prospective analysis. METHODS: Cough severity, FEV(1), ...
Letko Erik - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) therapy to conventional immunosuppressive therapy in patients with mucous membrane pemphigoid (MMP), also known as cicatricial pemphigoid (CP), whose disease progressed to involve the eye. Before ocular involvement, all the patients in this study were ...
Shortt Rodger - - 2004
Intravenous Immunoglobulin (IVIG) has been proposed as a beneficial therapy for toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN). However, this has been based on a limited amount of Class 5 evidence. To compare outcomes in TEN patients treated in our burn unit since 1999, when we began to use IVIG (IG group), with ...
Yee C-S - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and side effects of intermittent pulse cyclophosphamide plus methylprednisolone with continuous oral cyclophosphamide plus prednisolone, followed by azathioprine, in patients with proliferative glomerulonephritis caused by systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: A multicentre randomised controlled trial was conducted between June 1992 and May 1996 involving eight ...
Sung J J Y - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The outcome is reported of a prospective uncontrolled study based on a stepwise treatment protocol during an outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in Hong Kong. METHOD: One hundred and thirty eight patients were treated with broad spectrum antibiotics, a combination of ribavirin and low dose corticosteroid, and ...
Warrier Manoj R - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Angioedema, particularly of the head and neck, is a well-recognized adverse effect of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. Most cases respond to conventional therapy, including antihistamines and corticosteroids. Severe episodes may require epinephrine and intubation. OBJECTIVE: To report the case of a patient with ACE inhibitor-induced angioedema treated with fresh ...
Bakker Jacqueline - - 2004
Devic's syndrome is a demyelinating disease of the spinal cord and optic nerves. It tends to have a poor prognosis, probably due to the occurrence of necrosis within lesions. There is no proven effective treatment although relapses are commonly treated with corticosteroids and people with recurrent attacks may be managed ...
P. Narasimha Rao, T. ...
Background: Dexamethasone-cyclophosphamide pulse (DCP) therapy for the pemphigus group of disorders is being widely used in India after its introduction in 1986. However, there are certain limitations to its application due to the serious side effects of cyclophosphamide. Methods: Between 1995 and 2001, we treated 41 patients of pemphigus with ...
Nara Masayuki - - 2004
Topical corticosteroid eye drops are commonly used for ocular sarcoidosis. That systemic absorption of corticosteroids by eye drops may influence the clinical course of sarcoidosis may be speculated because it has been reported that the serum concentration of corticosteroids after drop administration was dose-related. To evaluate the effects of corticosteroid ...
Kawasaki Yukihiko - - 2004
BACKGROUND: There have been few controlled studies of combined therapy with multiple drugs, including immunosuppressives, for severe Henoch-Schoenlein nephritis (HSPN). We evaluated the efficacy of methylprednisolone and urokinase pulse therapy combined with cyclophosphamide for patients with HSPN of at least grade IVb. METHODS: We studied 37 patients who had been ...
Webster Duncan - - 2004
A 71-year-old male with severe autoimmune hemolysis with both cold agglutinins and warm antibodies was intolerant of prednisone and cyclophosphamide. Rituximab was given during a 60-day period when he required 41 units of packed cells to maintain hemoglobin above 75 g/l. Two weeks later hemoglobin stabilized at 95 g/l, and ...
Aghamohammadi Asghar - - 2004
Agammaglobulinemia is characterized by failure of B-cell differentiation (hypogammaglobulinemia) and increased susceptibility to bacterial infections. The present study was set up in order to evaluate the effectiveness of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) treatment on the incidence of pneumonia in patients with agammaglobulinemia. We carried out chart reviews of 23 patients with ...
Contreras Gabriel - - 2004
Long-term therapy with cyclophosphamide enhances renal survival in patients with proliferative lupus nephritis; however, the beneficial effect of cyclophosphamide must be weighed against its considerable toxic effects. Fifty-nine patients with lupus nephritis (12 in World Health Organization class III, 46 in class IV, and 1 in class Vb) received induction ...
Stockman A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Treatment of bullous pemphigoid (BP) with systemic immunosuppressive agents, in particular with systemic corticosteroids, has many long-term side-effects. A dozen reports were published regarding the efficacy of topical corticosteroids in the treatment of bullous pemphigoid. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of potent class I topical corticosteroids in relation to ...
Sullivan Timothy J - - 2004
PURPOSE: To describe the use of an anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody, Rituximab, in the treatment of orbital lymphoma. METHODS: Prospective, noncomparative, interventional case series of 8 patients treated with rituximab. Management, side effects, and outcome were recorded. RESULTS: Five patients had initial complete response, 2 had partial response, and 1 had ...
Johansson Gunnar - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Assessment of patient preferences for attributes of asthma treatments. METHODS: Two hundred ninety-eight patients (age range, 18 to 60 years) from 15 centers in Sweden completed a questionnaire concerning their asthma, and ranked 18 alternative treatments using conjoint analysis. Patients were receiving treatment with either inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) and ...
Terenghi F - - 2004
The authors treated 10 patients with multifocal motor neuropathy (MMN) responding to an initial course of IV immunoglobulin (IVIg) with periodic infusion for 5 to 12 years (mean 8.2 years). At last follow-up, only two patients had maintained the maximal improvement achieved during therapy while eight worsened despite increasing Ig ...
Nguyen Yên Thi - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Although systemic corticosteroids are effective against cutaneous sarcoidosis, alternative therapies are needed. OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess the efficacy and tolerance of thalidomide for cutaneous sarcoidosis. METHODS: We performed a retrospective evaluation of thalidomide (100-200 mg/d) in 12 consecutive patients with cutaneous sarcoidosis treated in a university hospital between ...
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