Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1333
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Napoli B - - 2005
After presenting an analysis of the principal antiseptics used for the local treatment of burns, highlighting their toxicity and the limitations of their antibacterial effectiveness, we describe the therapeutic protocol used in our burns centre (where antibacterial treatment consists exclusively of antibiotics for both local and systemic use). We review ...
Imazio Massimo - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Colchicine is effective and safe for the treatment and prevention of recurrent pericarditis and might ultimately serve as the initial mode of treatment, especially in idiopathic cases. The aim of this work was to verify the safety and efficacy of colchicine as an adjunct to conventional therapy for the ...
Leandro M J - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To assess the clinical and basic serological consequences of B-cell depletion with rituximab in the treatment of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) who have failed conventional immunosuppression. METHODS: An open study of 24 patients with severe SLE followed for a minimum of 3 months is reported. In the ...
Imazio Massimo - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Colchicine seems to be a good drug for treating recurrences of pericarditis after conventional treatment failure, but no clinical trial has tested the effects of colchicine as first-line drug for the treatment of the first recurrence of pericarditis. METHODS: A prospective, randomized, open-label design was used to investigate the ...
Martínez Ordaz Verónica A - - 2005
The need for establishing criteria that facilitate decision-making has lead to search for factors that could predict prognosis and response to treatment for asthma exacerbations. To assess which clinical factors are associated with a rapid response to short-acting beta2 agonists during asthma exacerbations. Two hundred and twenty consecutive adults with ...
França Marcondes C MC - - 2005
There are few papers devoted to geriatric Guillain-Barré (GBS) and many related issues remain unanswered. OBJECTIVE: To describe clinical, electrophysiological and therapeutic features in this age. METHOD: Clinico-epidemiological data and therapy of GBS patients older than 60 years were reviewed. Hughes scores were used to quantify neurological deficit and define ...
Lee David Lin - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To determine and define the beneficial effects of heliox-driven albuterol therapy on severe asthma exacerbation and clinical factors that affect greater response. METHODS: The authors conducted two randomized, double-blinded, controlled trials in patients with severe asthma exacerbation. The first trial recruited 80 patients in the emergency department (ED). They ...
Imazio Massimo - - 2005
Fifty-five of 294 consecutive patients with acute pericarditis had first attacks of recurrent pericarditis and were evaluated and treated according to a management protocol. Corticosteroids were restricted to aspirin contraindication or failure. Colchicine was added in cases of aspirin and prednisone failure and was the treatment of choice for the ...
Arin M J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Pemphigus is a severe autoimmune blistering disorder caused by autoantibodies to desmoglein 1 and 3. The disease course is typically severe, thus requiring multiple immunosuppressive agents. The treatment is still challenging and in some patients with recalcitrant disease, therapies fail and therapeutic options are limited. OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether ...
Grijm Karin - - 2005
The prognosis in some forms of idiopathic interstitial pneumonia (IIP), especially idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and fibrotic nonspecific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP), is still poor. A minority of patients will respond to immunosuppressive treatment. In patients with IPF or fibrotic NSIP, pulmonary (67)Ga scintigraphy may be useful for predicting response to ...
Buhaescu Irina - - 2005
The efficacy of current therapeutic regimens in patients with systemic vasculitis is high, at the expense of considerable treatment toxicity. Optimal therapy for patients with these potentially life-threatening diseases is still debated. Our increased understanding of the pathogenetic mechanisms of systemic vasculitis has led to the development of new therapeutic ...
Baughman Robert P - - 2005
PURPOSES: Study a tumor necrosis factor receptor antagonist (etanercept) in the treatment of chronic ocular sarcoidosis. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Eighteen patients with ocular sarcoidosis and ongoing inflammation in the eyes. All patients had received at least 6 months of therapy with methotrexate and were currently receiving corticosteroids. Patients were randomized ...
Auyeung Tung Wai - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of corticosteroids in the treatment of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). METHODS: A retrospective cohort of 78 consecutive adult SARS patients admitted to a regional hospital in Hong Kong between March and May 2003 was analysed to study the effectiveness of corticosteroid. They were categorized ...
Rabbani Malik Anas - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To find the prevalence of lupus nephritis, delineate its clinical, immunological and therapeutic characteristics and compare them with the data worldwide. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 1985 and 2001, 198 patients with SLE fulfilling the clinical and laboratory criteria of the American Rheumatism Association (ARA) admitted to the hospital were ...
Yip L W - - 2005
PURPOSE: To compare acute ocular complications of toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) following treatment with high-dose human intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) with a historical cohort not treated with IVIG. METHODS: Retrospective, historically controlled study. In all, 10 consecutive patients with TEN (treatment cohort) presenting between 1 July 2001 and 30 June 2002. ...
Andrade Jason - - 2005
We report a 3-year case history that describes a 78-year-old woman with recurrent transfusion-dependent pure red cell aplasia (PRCA) secondary to recombinant epoetin use that was responsive to immunosuppressant therapy. The patient had kidney disease of unknown aetiology (estimated glomerular filtration rate of 13 ml/min/1.73 m2) and was not on ...
Kreuter Alexander - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of pulsed high-dose corticosteroids combined with orally administered low-dose methotrexate therapy in patients with severe localized scleroderma (LS). DESIGN: A prospective, nonrandomized, open pilot study. SETTING: Dermatology department at a university hospital in Bochum, Germany. Patients Fifteen patients with histologically confirmed severe LS. Interventions Oral ...
Morris Judith M - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: There is little consensus on the management of alcoholic hepatitis, particularly with regard to corticosteroid therapy. We aimed to identify those patients who respond to corticosteroid therapy for alcoholic hepatitis. METHODS: We identified 37 patients with alcoholic hepatitis with a modified Maddrey's discriminant function of 32 or greater. We ...
Korinthenberg Rudolf - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the optimal treatment for childhood Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). METHODS: We performed a randomized, multicenter study of GBS according to international diagnostic criteria. In study 1 (early treatment), children able to walk unaided for 5 meters were randomized for 1 g/kg intravenously administered immunoglobulin (IVIG) over 2 days ...
Hamidou Mohamed A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The objective of the present study was to compare the silent form of giant cell arteritis (GCA) to the classic cephalic form of the disease. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study based on a chart review of 50 consecutive, biopsy-proven GCA, recorded at a department of internal medicine. We ...
Westerlund Per - - 2005
Pure red cell aplasia (PRCA) is a rare, but important, complication of erythropoietin (EPO) replacement therapy in patients with renal disease. There is no consensus about the best way to treat this condition; however, recent reports indicated that immunosuppressive therapy is beneficial. We report a patient with EPO-induced PRCA treated ...
Perera B Jayasiri C - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Although inhaled corticosteroids are useful and effective in the prophylaxis of childhood asthma, there is a dearth of information regarding the duration of treatment. The present study was undertaken to assess the possibility of successful withdrawal of inhaled corticosteroids in childhood asthma following good control of the disease. METHODOLOGY: ...
Chang Shu-Jen - - 2005
Relapsing polychondritis (RP) is a rare multisystemic disease characterized by recurrent inflammation of cartilaginous and noncartilaginous tissues. When laryngotracheal or bronchial cartilages are involved, the disease can be life-threatening and needs aggressive treatment. Upper airway complaints are rare as initial presentations of RP. Here, however, we present a case of ...
Wouters E F M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Guidelines recommend inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) as maintenance treatment for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) with a post-bronchodilator forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) <50% predicted and frequent exacerbations, although they have only a small preventive effect on the accelerated decline in lung function. Combined treatment with ...
Park Dong-Hyuk - - 2005
We report a patient who developed an acute lumbosacral plexopathy (LSP) following spinal surgery on lumbos segments. He recovered dramatically following treatment with high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg). A 66-year-old man who underwent an L4 to S1 decompressive laminectomy required re-admission after developing contralateral leg pain. Follow-up lumbosacral magnetic resonance imaging ...
Laforest Laurent - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is a major outcome in asthma, but the relationships among HRQOL, characteristics of asthma, type of supervision, and sociodemographic characteristics of patients have not been thoroughly explored. OBJECTIVE: To identify major correlates of HRQOL in a survey of patients with asthma. METHODS: Patients with ...
Roed H G - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate if IV immunoglobulin (IVIG) treatment in the acute phase of optic neuritis (ON) could improve visual outcome and reduce MRI disease activity 6 months after onset of ON. METHODS: Sixty-eight patients with ON were randomized within 4 weeks from onset of symptoms. Thirty-four patients were randomized to ...
Bonay Marcel - - 2005
Although inhaled corticosteroids have a well defined role in asthma therapy, their use remains controversial in nonasthmatic, smoking-related chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Some studies have shown an effect of inhaled corticosteroids on airway inflammation in COPD, but the clinical relevance of these results is unknown. Data from five long-term, ...
Carbone R - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Bronchial hyper responsiveness (BHR), is a risk factor for asthma. It is a state in which excessive narrowing of the airways occurs in response to varying stimuli. BHR seems to be due to the interaction of multiple factors and its relation to asthma is complex. Asthma without BHR is ...
Kumar Manjusha - - 2005
Data were reviewed on treatment patterns, outcome, and hospital charges for children with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). Records of 186 children with ITP, seen between January 1997 and April 2001, were reviewed. Hospital charges for initial management and first re-treatment were calculated by combining physician, hospital, and pathology charges. Anti-D ...
Abadoglu O - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Apoptosis may be important in limiting airway eosinophilia. Treatment with leukotriene antagonists decreases the number of eosinophils in both peripheral blood and sputum. AIM: To assess the effect of montelukast on eosinophil apoptosis in a group of patients with mild persistent asthma (MPA) and to compare this effect with ...
Murthy J M K - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Myasthenic crisis is a life-threatening complication of myasthenia gravis (MG) and when treated aggressively is associated with good outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective study of case records of patients with episodes of myasthenic crisis. RESULTS: Twenty-one (22%) of the 95 patients with MG (9 with thymoma), experienced ...
Feagan B G - - 2005
AIM: To evaluate CDP571, a humanized monoclonal antibody to tumour necrosis factor-alpha, for the treatment of corticosteroid-dependent Crohn's disease. METHODS: Patients with corticosteroid-dependent Crohn's disease (use of prednisolone 15-40 mg/day or budesonide 9 mg/day for at least 8 weeks, a previous failed attempt to discontinue corticosteroids within 8 weeks, and ...
Tomita Katsuyuki - - 2005
The aim of the study was to characterize patients at risk for exacerbations of their asthma as a result of the Tottori-Ken Seibu earthquake and to identify factors that predict exacerbation of asthma after an earthquake. A retrospective cohort study-analysis was conducted of 156 asthmatic patients, aged 18 to 89 ...
Lopate Glenn - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) causes progressive disability due to weakness but responds to immunomodulating medication, including oral prednisone and intravenous (IV) immunoglobulin (IVIg). However, there is no consensus on initial therapy, and both of these treatments have drawbacks with long-term treatment. OBJECTIVE: To review the efficacy and safety ...
Chambellan Arnaud - - 2005
AIM: Endoluminal stenosis of proximal bronchi (ESPB) is a potentially severe manifestation of sarcoidosis. Unusual clinical presentation and variable response to medical treatment require specific attention to diagnosis and follow-up. DESIGN: Of 2,500 patients with sarcoidosis seen at our institution, we retrospectively identified 18 patients with stage 1-3 sarcoidosis and ...
Currie Graeme P - - 2005
Asthma is a common condition characterised by inflammation, airway hyperresponsiveness and reversible airflow obstruction. Effective pharmacotherapy must therefore be aimed at attenuating these underlying hallmark features. Despite the use of regular low-to-moderate doses of inhaled corticosteroids, many patients remain symptomatic and require further 2nd line controller therapy. The addition of ...
Z. REZAIE-YAZDI, J. FORGHANIZADEH, ...
Background: The prognosis of SLE is influenced by the onset of glomerulonephritis. Clinical trials in lupus nephritis have demonstrated that cyclophosphamide therapy is the superior regimen in the management of lupus nephritis for preserving renal function. Objective: The purpose of this study is to define the outcome of renal function ...
van den Toorn Leon M - - 2005
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Subjects with atopic asthma often experience a disappearance of symptoms around puberty. However, airway inflammation and remodeling may persist. It is unknown whether those findings warrant prolonged anti-inflammatory treatment despite the absence of symptoms. In this study, we investigated whether a short course of combined anti-inflammatory treatment would, ...
Stummvoll G H - - 2005
To analyse the effects of rigorous immunoglobulin removal by immunoadsorption (IAS) on proteinuria (primary outcome variable), disease activity (SIS, SLEDAI, ECLAM), and autoantibodies to double stranded DNA (anti-dsDNA) in active systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). 16 patients with severe SLE and renal disease, in whom cyclophosphamide was contraindicated or failed to ...
Kallenbach Maria - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Wegener's granulomatosis is a form of systemic vasculitis typically involving the kidneys and upper and lower respiratory tract. Treatment employing cyclophosphamide and prednisone has improved prognosis, but relapses and treatment-induced side effects still cause severe morbidity and frequent mortality. There is therefore an urgent need to find new treatment ...
Barnes Peter J - - 2005
The number of people with asthma continues to grow around the world. However, despite the availability of highly effective medication it remains a poorly controlled disease. Reasons for this poor control include non-implementation and inherent limitations of the asthma management guidelines, poor compliance with asthma therapy, incorrect use of inhaler ...
Saffar M J - - 2005
We conducted a retrospective review of all cases of Kawasaki disease admitted to the major referral centres in Sari, East Mazandaran from 1 November 1997 to 30 October 2002. Of 29 probable cases, 25 were confirmed, giving an average annual incidence rate of 7.3 per 100 000 in children 0-5 ...
Odaka M - - 2005
Side effects were compared in 9 patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome treated with standard intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) only and in 9 treated with combined methylprednisolone and IVIg therapy. Headache occurred in 2 in both groups, indicative that pre-infusion with steroids does not prevent headache. Transient liver function disturbances were present in ...
Christiansen Ole B - - 2005
Immunological disturbances play a role in the majority of patients with recurrent miscarriage (RM) and therefore treatment with intravenous immunoglobulin (IvIg) has been tested in patients with RM in several trials. Seven placebo-controlled trials that were extremely heterogeneous with respect to patient characteristics and treatment procedures were carried out. One ...
Ryan D - - 2005
Peak flow monitoring is widely recommended as part of a self-management plan for asthma. We conducted an observational study using electronic peak flow monitoring and mobile phone technology in a UK general practice population over a nine-month period. Patients between 12 and 55 years of age who required treatment with ...
Koski Carol Lee - - 2005
The inflammatory neuropathies (chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy [CIDP], Guillain-Barr? syndrome [GBS] and multifocal motor neuropathy [MMN]) affect only one to two individuals per 100 000 of the population, but result in major disability and impairment. Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) can be used as an initial treatment for CIDP, GBS and MMN. ...
Beenakker Ernesto A C - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Prednisone treatment is used to prolong ambulation in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). However, since severe adverse effects often accompany prednisone treatment, it is debatable whether the benefits of prednisone treatment outweigh its adverse effects. OBJECTIVES: To study the effects of prednisone on muscle function and to determine ...
Coelho A - - 2005
Thalidomide has been reported as efficacious in refractory cutaneous lupus erythematosus (LE). The most fearful side-effects are teratogenicity and neuropathy. We reported clinical efficacy of long-term low-dose use of thalidomide in 65 patients with LE, emphasizing the prevalence of adverse effects, especially of neuropathy and its related factors. Data obtained ...
Dhabhai Ravindra - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Therapy systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) has been generally discouraging. Methyl-prednisolone pulse therapy has been used for various connective tissue disorders. We used intravenous dexamethasone cyclophosphamide pulse therapy to treat SLE. METHODS: Fourteen patients (10 females and 4 males) between the age of 15-48 years with definite or ...
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