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Menke Marcel N MN Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital Bern, Cantonal Hospital Aarau, Aarau, 5001, Switzerland - - 2014
Purpose: Optical coherence tomography (OCT) was used to analyze the thickness of various retinal layers of patients following successful macula-off retinal detachment (RD) repair. Methods: OCT scans of patients after successful macula-off RD repair were re-analyzed with a sub-segmentation algorithm to measure various retinal layers. Regression analysis was performed to ...
Pinheiro-Costa João J Department of Ophthalmology, Hospital de São João, Faculty of Medicine, University of Porto, Porto, - - 2014
Objective: To compare outcomes after switching from intravitreal ranibizumab to bevacizumab in neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Methods: A retrospective review of 110 eyes treated in a 1+PRN (pro re nata) clinical setting with ranibizumab that were switched to bevacizumab. Patients analyzed had at least 3 ranibizumab injections followed by ...
Scheerlinck Laura M E LM Department of Ophthalmology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The - - 2014
The aim of this study was to review the literature on predictive factors for postoperative visual acuity (VA) in surgery for idiopathic epiretinal membrane (ERM). A systematic review of the literature in the databases of PubMed and Embase was performed. The risk of bias was assessed based on predefined criteria ...
Ye Hongfei H *MD, PhD Department of Ophthalmology, Eye and ENT Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, China (all - - 2014
To demonstrate the time-dependent changes in corneal aberrations after cataract surgery and to analyze the effects of incision location on corneal aberrations. The patients were divided into two groups: group 1 consisted of patients (32 right eyes) who underwent corneal incision at 9 o'clock and paracentesis incision at 3 o'clock; ...
Rajgopal A A Medanta Bone and Joint Institute, Medanta-The Medicity, Gurgaon, Haryana, - - 2014
PURPOSE. To evaluate histological changes and neural elements in 100 posterior cruciate ligaments (PCLs) in patients with osteoarthritis. METHODS. 100 PCLs were obtained from a consecutive series of 46 women and 16 men aged 49 to 91 (mean, 67) years who underwent primary PCL-retaining total knee replacement for osteoarthritis. Histology ...
Tosi Gian Marco GM Department of Medicine, Surgery and Neuroscience, University of Siena, Siena, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to assess the impact of the intraoperative use of topical hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) 2% versus sodium hyaluronate 1.2% on corneal reepithelialization time and final corneal status after intentional epithelial debridement during vitrectomy for proliferative vitreoretinopathy. Forty eyes of 40 patients were included in the ...
Stoesz Michael M Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, - - 2014
This study prospectively evaluated the clinical utility of a noninvasive transcutaneous device for postoperative hemoglobin measurement in 100 total hip and knee arthroplasty patients. A protocol to measure hemoglobin noninvasively, prior to venipuncture, successfully avoided venipuncture in 73% of patients. In the remaining 27 patients, there were a total of ...
Shavit Linda L Adult Nephrology Unit and - - 2014
Preoperative anemia adversely affects outcomes of cardiothoracic surgery. However, in patients with CKD, treating anemia to a target of normal hemoglobin has been associated with increased risk of adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events. We investigated the association between preoperative hemoglobin and outcomes of cardiac surgery in patients with CKD and ...
Maedel Sophie S From the Vienna Institute for Research in Ocular Surgery (Maedel, Hirnschall, Chen, Findl), a Karl Landsteiner Institute, Hanusch Hospital, Vienna, Austria; Moorfields Eye Hospital (Hi, Findl) NHS Foundation Trust, London, United - - 2014
To compare the astigmatism-reducing effect of an aspheric toric intraocular lens (IOL) and an aspheric nontoric IOL with an opposite clear corneal incision (OCCI) in cataract surgery. Vienna Institute for Research in Ocular Surgery, Hanusch Hospital, Vienna, Austria. Prospective randomized clinical study. Patients with low to moderate corneal astigmatism scheduled ...
Ozgurhan Engin Bilge EB Refractive Surgery, Beyoglu Eye Training and Research Hospital , Istanbul , Turkey - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: The aim of this study was to report on the evaluation of corneal nerve fiber density and corneal sensation after accelerated corneal collagen cross-linking on keratoconus patients. Methods: The study was performed on 30 keratoconus eyes (30 participants: 16 M, 14 F; 17-32 years old) treated with accelerated ...
Schwietz Thomas T Department of Cardiology, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-University Frankfurt, Frankfurt, - - 2014
Aims: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is an alternative therapeutic option for patients with severe aortic valve stenosis (AS) and elevated surgical risk. Previous studies have suggested that the occurrence of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) in patients undergoing TAVI is associated with an unfavourable outcome. We sought to assess ...
Margetis Konstantinos K 1st Department of Neurosurgery, University of Athens Medical School, Athens, Greece. Electronic address: - - 2014
We study the effectiveness and safety of intrathecal baclofen therapy for the treatment of spasticity and gait improvement in patients suffering from hereditary spastic paraplegia. Sixteen patients diagnosed with hereditary spastic paraplegia (mean age: 43 years) were enrolled in this open prospective study. The main inclusion criteria were: spastic paraparesis ...
Kanellopoulos Anastasios John - - 2014
To map corneal and epithelial layer thickness changes following cataract removal surgery employing a spectral-domain anterior-segment optical coherence tomography system. Corneal and epithelial thickness three-dimensional profile distribution was clinically imaged preoperatively and up to 3 months postoperatively with anterior-segment optical coherence tomography in 116 consecutive cases. Descriptive statistics investigated central ...
Hogervorst Esther E Center for Clinical Transfusion Reseach, Sanquin/LUMC, Leiden, the - - 2014
It has been suggested that a decrease of at least 50% from the preoperative hemoglobin (Hb) level during cardiac surgery is associated with adverse outcomes even if the absolute Hb level remains above the commonly used transfusion threshold of 7.0 g/dL. In this study the relation between intraoperative Hb decline of ...
Kymionis George D - - 2014
To present the results after simultaneous conventional photorefractive keratectomy combined with corneal collagen cross-linking for pellucid marginal corneal degeneration. In this prospective, interventional case series, 6 patients (8 eyes) with pellucid marginal corneal degeneration were enrolled. All patients underwent simultaneous conventional photorefractive keratectomy combined with corneal collagen cross-linking; corneal epithelium ...
Lago Anelise de Medeiros Ade M Goiania Eye Institute, Goiânia, GO, - - 2014
To evaluate changes in corneal sensitivity following corneal cross-linking (CXL) in patients with progressive earlier stage keratoconus. Thirty-eight eyes of 19 patients (11 women, 8 men) were included in a prospective, nonrandomized clinical study. The mean patient age was 22 years (range, 18-26 years). Inclusion criteria were early stage bilateral ...
Basora M M Department of Anesthesiology, Hospital Clinic of Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2014
Optimization of the preoperative hemoglobin (Hb) level is an effective way to reduce allogeneic transfusion in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) though the procedure is expensive, requires close monitoring and is often inconvenient for patients with reduced mobility. Our aim was to investigate the value of preoperative Hb levels to predict ...
Kudrnáčová Marie M Department of Zoology and Fisheries, Faculty of Agrobiology, Food and Natural Resources, Czech University of Life Sciences in Prague, 165 21, Praha 6 - Suchdol, Czech Republic, - - 2014
The occurrence of Hypoderma diana (Diptera: Hypodermatidae) in a herd of 15 horses was observed during a 4-year period (2010-2013) in northwest Bohemia. During this period, infestation by the warble fly H. diana increased from 12.5 % in 2010 to 53.3 % in 2013. Nodules were observed on the neck, back, stomach, ...
Farese Elvira E 1 Eye Clinic, department of neurosciences, reproductive sciences, dentistry, University Federico II, Naples - - - 2014
Purpose: To evaluate improvement in best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and the reduction of central retinal thickness (CRT) in patients with macular edema secondary to retinal vein occlusion (RVO) after intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) injection combined with macular grid photocoagulation.Methods: A retrospective study of 54 consecutive eyes with macular edema associated with ...
Kim Sung Su SS Department of Cardiology, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, - - 2014
This study aimed to determine prevalence, differentiate underlying causes, and identify the benign group in subjects with asymptomatic T-wave inversion (TWI). We retrospectively read 12-lead electrocardiograms from 3,929 consecutive asymptomatic men in the air force (3,929 participants, mean age 39.3 ± 8.7 years) who underwent medical screening at the Aerospace Medical ...
Tomizawa Minoru M Minoru Tomizawa, Department of Gastroenterology, National Hospital Organization Shimoshizu Hospital, Yotsukaido City, Chiba 284-0003, - - 2014
To investigate the early upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (endoscopy) significantly reduces mortality resulting from upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding. Upper GI bleeding was defined as 1a, 1b, 2a, and 2b according to the Forrest classification. The hemoglobin (Hb), and C-reactive protein (CRP) were examined at around the day of endoscopy and 3 ...
Kapoor Kapil G KG Mayo Clinic Department of Ophthalmology, Rochester, - - 2014
To examine whether oral fluoroquinolone antibiotics are associated with an increase in subsequent rhegmatogenous retinal detachment and symptomatic retinal breaks in a large population-based cohort. Population-based cohort study. Adult residents of Olmsted County, Minnesota, who were prescribed oral fluoroquinolone medications from January 1, 2003, to June 30, 2011. Comparison cohorts ...
Terai Naim N Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital Dresden, Dresden, - - 2014
To investigate the effect(s) of intravitreally injected ranibizumab on retinal vessel diameter in patients with diabetic macular edema. Participants of this prospective study were 14 men and 16 women (30 eyes) aged 60 ± 11 years (mean ± standard deviation), all with clinically significant diabetic macular edema. Treatment comprised 3 ...
Yokoyama Y Y Division of Surgical Oncology, Department of Surgery, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, - - 2014
The impact of perioperative synbiotics on bacterial translocation and subsequent bacteraemia after oesophagectomy is unclear. This study investigated the effect of perioperative synbiotic administration on the incidence of bacterial translocation to mesenteric lymph nodes (MLNs) and the occurrence of postoperative bacteraemia. Patients with oesophageal cancer were randomized to receive perioperative ...
Butnariu Angela - - 2014
We measured serum NT-proBNP levels in 2 groups of young patients (0-36 months) with congestive heart failure (CHF) secondary to congenital heart malformations (CHM). The first group included 23 patients prior to surgery for heart malformations. The second group included 12 patients with CHM within 24 hours post-operation. NT-proBNP levels ...
Waszczykowski Michał M Department of Arthroscopy, Minimally Invasive Surgery and Sports Traumatology, Medical University of Lodz, 113 Żeromskiego Street, 90-549 Lodz, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of arthroscopic capsular release in patients with primary frozen shoulder on muscular strength of nonaffected and treated shoulder after at least two-year follow-up after the surgery. The assessment included twenty-seven patients, who underwent arthroscopic capsular release due to persistent limitation ...
Oh Jieun J Department of Internal Medicine, Hallym University College of Medicine, Hallym Kidney Research Institute, Seoul, - - 2014
Continuous erythropoietin receptor activator (CERA) is an erythropoietin with a long-half life. This study investigated the efficacy of CERA for correcting anemia in Korean patients on dialysis. Patients (≥18 yr) who were not receiving any ESAs for more than 8 weeks were randomly assigned to either intravenous CERA once every ...
Darbari Deepika S DS Division of Haematology, Center for Cancer and Blood Disorders, Children's National Medical Center, 111, Michigan Avenue NW, Washington, DC, 20010, - - 2013
Hydroxyurea (HU) reduces vaso-occlusive crises (VOC) and other complications of sickle cell anaemia (SCA). Alpha thalassaemia is a known modifier of SCA. Studies on the efficacy of HU in SCA patients with α-thalassaemia have yielded varying results. To determine the effect of α-thalassaemia on response to HU therapy in the ...
Carlos E E School of Medical Sciences of Botucatu, Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Botucatu, SP, - - 2013
This study involved a retrospective evaluation of patients subjected to surgery for dentofacial deformities treated without induced controlled hypotension (group I, n=50) and a prospective evaluation of patients who were subjected to surgery under hypotensive general anaesthesia (group II, n=50). No statistical differences were found between the study groups with ...
Kuwahara Michio - - 2013
Erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) are standard therapy for chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients with renal anemia. However, few studies have compared the effects of different ESAs on anemia in identical pre-dialysis CKD patients. Seventy-nine patients who switched from epoetin beta to darbepoetin alfa (Group 1), and 82 patients who switched from ...
Engoren Milo M Department of Anesthesiology, Mercy St. Vincent Medical Center, Toledo, OH, USA Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA - - 2013
studies have shown that elevated hemoglobin A1c levels are associated with worse short-term outcomes after cardiac surgery. However, the effect on readmission has not been studied. The primary purpose of this study was to determine the independent effect of hemoglobin A1c level on the readmission rate after cardiac surgery. The ...
Zhang Jie - - 2013
This study analyzes the efficacy and safety of a retrievable, fully covered self-expanding metal stent (cSEMS) in the treatment of refractory benign esophageal restenosis in children. This is a retrospective analysis of the application of a newly designed cSEMS in treating refractory benign postoperative restenosis in five children with ages ...
Wu Yilai - - 2013
Objective : This study aimed to analyze the asymmetry of the pyriform aperture and alar base in patients with unilateral secondary nasal deformities by three-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT). Methods : 3D-CT images of the subject group of 101 adult patients and of a control group of 65 normal adults were ...
Valentijn Tabita M TM From the Department of Anaesthesiology (TMV, SEH, KAM, EJB, RJS, FvL), and Department of Vascular Surgery, Erasmus University Medical Centre, Rotterdam, the Netherlands (TMV, KMvdL, - - 2013
Although low preoperative haemoglobin (Hb) concentration is a well known risk factor for adverse outcome, little is known about decreases in Hb and postoperative Hb concentrations. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic impact of both pre- and postoperative Hb concentrations (divided into low, intermediate and high ...
Jordan Charlotte - - 2013
To use in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM) to quantitatively analyze microstructural changes over time, after corneal collagen cross-linking for keratoconus. Prospective cohort study. A total of 38 eyes of 38 patients undergoing collagen cross-linking for keratoconus. Prospective, clinical cohort study of corneal collagen cross-linking in progressive keratoconus. Laser scanning IVCM performed ...
González-Martín-Moro Julio - - 2013
The purpose of this study is to measure the impact of tamsulosin intake on five postoperative cataract surgery complications (toxic anterior segment syndrome, rebound uveitis, retinal detachment, macular edema, and postoperative endophthalmitis). This retrospective cohort study was conducted at University Hospital of Henares. The study included 660-eyes of 660 patients ...
Sundic Tatjana T Department of Immunology and Transfusion Medicine, Haugesund Hospital, Helse Fonna, Haugesund, - - 2013
Hereditary haemochromatosis may result in severe organ damage which can be prevented by therapy. We studied the possible advantages and disadvantages of erythrocytapheresis as compared with phlebotomy in patients with hereditary haemochromatosis. In a prospective, randomised, open-label study, patients with hereditary haemochromatosis were randomised to bi-weekly apheresis or weekly whole ...
Sato Yuko - - 2013
Of the numerous clinical trials for Duchenne muscular dystrophy, only the corticosteroid prednisolone has shown potential for temporal improvement in motor ability. In this study, the effects of prednisolone on intellectual ability are examined in 29 cases of Duchenne muscular dystrophy because little information has been reported. And also, motor ...
Soto-Varela Andrés - - 2013
A prospective study of patients diagnosed with 'single-canal' benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) was performed. Demographic, etiological and prognostic differences between patients with posterior, horizontal and superior canal BPPV were studied. A total of 614 patients diagnosed in a period of 11 years and with a follow-up period of at ...
Otsuka K - - 2013
Objective: To examine the clinical features, age and gender distribution of patients, treatment methods, and outcomes of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. Methods: This paper reports a review of 357 patients treated for this condition at a single institution over a duration of 5 years. Patients with posterior canal benign paroxysmal ...
Doors Muriël - - 2013
IMPORTANCE In compromised corneas, eg, patients with Fuchs endothelial dystrophy (FED), it is of utmost importance to use a phacotechnique that is the least traumatic to the corneal endothelium. Furthermore, preoperative patient selection is crucial, because unexpected corneal decompensation leads to dissatisfied patients. OBJECTIVE To compare corneal thickness and corneal ...
Kerasnoudis Antonios A From the Department of Neurology at St. Josef Hospital, Ruhr-University Bochum, - - 2013
A 48-year-old woman was referred for evaluation of progressive gait ataxia and stiffness of both legs over 6 months.
Ghoraba Hammouda H - - 2013
To report the effect of 360° scleral band in combination with pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) and silicone oil tamponade on the anatomical success and on the closure of macular hole (MH) in cases of myopic macular hole retinal detachment. A retrospective consecutive interventional study from medical records on patients who ...
Choi Kyung-Chul - - 2013
Adjacent segment degeneration is a long-term complication of arthrodesis. However, the incidence of adjacent segment degeneration varies widely depending on the patient's age and underlying disease and the fusion techniques and diagnostic methods used. We determined (1) the frequency of adjacent segment degeneration and increased lordosis on imaging tests, (2) ...
Van Tongel Alexander - - 2013
Shoulder girdle muscle weakness is the most constant feature of facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy and leads to scapular winging. Mechanical fixation of the scapula to the thoracic wall provides a stable fulcrum on which the deltoid muscle can exert its action on the humerus. The aim of this study was to ...
Almugairen Naif - - 2013
Few studies have evaluated pemphigus treatments according to the definitions of the consensus statement. Prognostic factors for complete remission off therapy (CRoffT) remain unknown. We sought to assess the rate of CRoffT in patients with pemphigus treated with different regimens. In all, 134 patients with pemphigus were included in a ...
Furuta Minoru - - 2013
To clarify and review the early and late morphologic changes of the macula associating with visual loss in patients with subfoveal fluid secondary to extrafoveal circumscribed choroidal hemangiomas. Previously six non-treated eyes of six patients with subfoveal retinal detachment secondary to extrafoveal circumscribed choroidal hemangioma were included. Visual acuity (VA), ...
Chae Ju Byung - - 2013
To evaluate whether intravitreal ranibizumab injection at cataract surgery prevents postoperative diabetic macular edema (PME) in patients with stable diabetic retinopathy without significant macular edema. Eighty patients with cataract, stable diabetic retinopathy, and no significant macular edema were randomized to a sham group (cataract surgery only) or a group undergoing ...
Choi Won Jae - - 2013
The use of self-expandable metallic stents (SEMS) is an established palliative treatment for malignant stenosis in the gastrointestinal tract; therefore, its application to benign stenosis is expected to be beneficial because of the more gradual and sustained dilatation in the stenotic portion. We aimed in this prospective observational study to ...
Gumus M - - 2013
Obstructive jaundice may promote bacterial overgrowth and altered intestinal barrier function, with resultant increased bacterial translocation. This study aimed to evaluate potential effects of pomegranate on bacterial translocation after bile duct ligation in rats. Wistar albino rats were randomized into four groups. Group 1 underwent sham operation; Group 2 underwent ...
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