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Araki-Sasaki Kaoru - - 2013
PURPOSE: To classify secondary corneal amyloidosis (SCA) by its clinical appearance, to analyze the demographics of the patients, and to determine the involvement of lactoferrin. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational, noncomparative, multicenter study. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-nine eyes of 29 patients diagnosed with SCA by corneal specialists at 9 ophthalmologic institutions in Japan were ...
Derenthal Nicola - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Although intima-media thickness (IMT) was increased in several inflammatory diseases, studies investigating whether the inflammatory processes lead to macrovascular alteration with increased IMT in complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) lack. METHODS: Using ultrasound (high-resolution B-mode), we compared bilaterally the IMT of the common carotid artery (CCA-IMT), the radial ...
Seven Gulseren - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Fully covered self-expanding metal stents (FCSEMS), unlike partially covered SEMS (PCSEMS), have been used to treat benign as well as malignant conditions. We aimed to evaluate the outcome of PCSEMS and FCSEMS in patients with both benign and malignant esophageal diseases. METHODS: Data were reviewed of all patients who ...
Ambro Bryan T - - 2013
Objective(1) To evaluate the effectiveness of the superficial musculoaponeurotic system (SMAS) flap and free fat graft in reconstructing the parotidectomy defect. (2) To evaluate the long-term viability of the free fat graft following parotidectomy for benign and malignant disease, including in the postradiation setting.Study DesignProspective study of consecutive patients.SettingAcademic tertiary ...
Ashar Jatin N - - 2013
PURPOSE: To compare outcomes of non-Descemet's stripping endothelial keratoplasty (nDSEK) with Descemet's stripping endothelial keratoplasty (DSEK) for the surgical management of congenital hereditary endothelial dystrophy (CHED). METHODS: Patients with CHED who were treated with DSEK or nDSEK were analyzed and compared with respect to graft adhesion, graft clarity, visual acuity, ...
Goldstein Jay L - - 2013
Abstract Objective: In nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) users, chronic occult blood loss may lead to decreases in hemoglobin, which may lead to increased healthcare expenditures. We therefore sought to quantify healthcare resource utilization of ≥2 g/dL hemoglobin decrease in osteoarthritis patients. Methods: Using a large US managed care database, we ...
Watschinger Bruno - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Dialysis patients, receiving erythropoiesis stimulating agents, typically show signs of hemoglobin variability as a consequence of their dosing patterns, bleeding, infection, etc., which is commonly managed adjusting the dose regimen of the erythropoiesis stimulating agent. However, information on dosing strategies used in daily clinical practice and their outcomes in ...
Enko Dietmar - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate a laboratory-guided therapeutic algorithm of preoperative anemia. 335 patients with elective hip or knee arthroplasty were included in this retrospective before-after study. Group I (n = 101) underwent conventional preoperative procedures before algorithm implementation. Group II (n = 234) underwent algorithm-guided preoperative ...
Celik Tuba - - 2013
Purpose: To evaluate the effectiveness of amniotic membrane transplantation (AMT) in management of corneal and conjunctival diseases in large clinical series. Methods: 130 patients who had undergone AMT between February 2004-March 2011 were evaluated. The cases were selected from two main groups: corneal (105) and conjunctival disorders (25). Results were ...
Natarajan Maya - - 2013
Studies mainly in the western population have compared central corneal thickness in primary open angle glaucoma and normal individuals have found variable results. We did this study to compare the central corneal thickness of primary open angle glaucoma patients with normal controls in a south Indian population. This was a ...
Singh Avinash Kumar - - 2013
Diamond Blackfan Anemia (DBA) is a rare hypoplastic anemia that presents in infancy with macrocytic anemia and reticulocytopenia. It is a ribosomopathy with autosomal dominant inheritance. In our series of 10 patients with DBA, congenital malformations were observed in 50% of the cases. Age at symptom onset ranged from 0-12 ...
Al-Mohaimeed Mansour M - - 2013
To evaluate the indications, complications, and visual and graft survival outcomes in eyes that had undergone simultaneous cataract extraction and penetrating keratoplasty (PKP). We described a retrospective study of 101 patients who had undergone simultaneous cataract extraction and PKP at King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital between January 1, 2001, and ...
Matulevičienė Aušra - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE. The first step in the search for the genetic basis of oral clefts should be the well-accepted classification and clinical data protocols, which are important in distinguishing separate phenotypic groups. The aim of this study was to compare the frequency of congenital malformations associated with oral clefts ...
Thongprasom Kobkan - - 2013
A 36-year-old Thai woman presented with a painful, burning sensation in the gingiva and desquamative gingivitis. Findings from histopathologic and direct immunofluorescence examination of the maxillary gingiva confirmed a diagnosis of pemphigus. Two months later, she developed a round erythematous lesion on her face, and findings from a skin biopsy ...
Benchikhi Hakima H Department of Dermatology Ibn Rochd Universary Hospital, Casablanca, - - 2013
In pemphigus, there still is no consensus on parameters mesuring clinically the disease severity. The aim of this study is to use the Japanese severity index in Moroccan patients with pemphigus. Multicenter prospective study from September 2007 to September 2009 including consecutive patients with confirmed pemphigus. We used the Japenese ...
Yamada Yoshihisa - - 2012
Background: To evaluate the prognostic factors for the best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and foveal average retinal thickness after vitrectomy with internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling for diabetic macular edema. Design: Retrospective, single-center study. Participants: This study involved 31 eyes of 27 patients who had undergone vitrectomy with ILM peeling between ...
McClintic S M SM Department of Ophthalmology, University of California, San Francisco, CA, - - 2013
Bacterial keratitis results in corneal scarring and subsequent visual impairment. The long-term evolution of corneal scars has not been well described. In this case series, we identified patients who had improvement in corneal scarring and visual acuity from a clinical trial for bacterial keratitis. We searched the records of the ...
Levasseur Steve D - - 2012
PURPOSE:: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of the heavy silicone oil Densiron-68 as an internal retinal tamponade after vitrectomy in patients with primary inferior rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. METHODS:: A retrospective consecutive case series involving inferior rhegmatogenous retinal detachment in 42 patients recruited between 2007 and 2010 was completed. All ...
Nah Shireen A - - 2012
We evaluated the incidence of congenital anomalies associated with anorectal malformations (ARMs) in relation to the anatomic type of ARM as defined by the Krickenbeck classification. We reviewed 99 children with ARM in our institution from 2002 to 2011. Data were collected on patient demographics, type of ARM, and associated ...
Connolly Barbara S - - 2012
Zesiewicz et al.(1) reported that varenicline improved ataxia in patients with spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 (SCA3) with excellent tolerance. We used open-label varenicline in a similar dosing schedule from 2 weeks to greater than 6 months in 7 patients with ataxia (3 SCA3, 1 multiple system atrophy with cerebellar features, ...
Ben-Ishay Offir - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) and esophageal atresia (EA) are fairly common congenital anomalies, but the occurrence of both is exceedingly rare, with only anecdotal cases reported in the English literature. The primary objective of the current study is to assess the incidence and outcomes of CDH/EA using the Congenital ...
Cuchel Marina - - 2013
Patients with homozygous familial hypercholesterolaemia respond inadequately to existing drugs. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of the microsomal triglyceride transfer protein inhibitor lomitapide in adults with this disease. We did a single-arm, open-label, phase 3 study of lomitapide for treatment of patients with homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia. Current ...
Touboul David - - 2012
To compare early corneal healing following conventional, transepithelial, and accelerated corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) protocols. Twenty-four patients with progressive keratoconus were divided into three groups to receive conventional, transepithelial, or accelerated CXL. In vivo corneal confocal microscopy was performed on each patient preoperatively and at 1, 3, and 6 months ...
Sun Yu - - 2012
Cervical arthroplasty is indicated to preserve cervical motion and prevent accelerated adjacent segment degeneration. Whether accelerated adjacent segment degeneration is prevented in the long term is unclear. This trial compared adjacent segment degeneration in Bryan disc arthroplasty with that in anterior cervical decompression and fusion five years after the surgery. ...
Bhivgade Sanjay - - 2012
Hereditary angioedema is a genetic disorder due to a deficiency or malfunction of C1 esterase inhibitor. We herein describe a case of 25-year-old male who presented with swelling over face since one day. There was history of similar episodes since two years with gradual subsidence of swelling without any treatment. ...
Callaghan John J - - 2012
In a previous experiment studying cementation of liners into cementless acetabular shells, placing grooves in the liner in a spider-web configuration created the greatest construct strength. Scoring shells without screw holes or other texturing helped prevent failure at the shell-cement interface. However, it was unclear whether these practices caused durable ...
Falsini Benedetto - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate long term changes of central cone-mediated function in retinitis pigmentosa (RP) patients by recording focal electroretinograms (fERG). Methods: A cohort of 43 RP patients was followed from 4 to 16 years (average follow up = 9.3 year, average examination/patient =10) by recording the fERG response to a ...
Hjortdal Jesper - - 2012
PURPOSE:: To compare the frequency of rejection episodes and graft failure because of surgical complications or rejection after Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) and penetrating keratoplasty (PK) for Fuchs endothelial dystrophy. METHODS:: A total of 201 eyes of 201 consecutive patients with Fuchs endothelial dystrophy undergoing keratoplasty were included. ...
Ventura Marcelo Carvalho - - 2012
To evaluate the change in intraocular pressure (IOP) and central corneal thickness (CCT) of children who underwent congenital cataract surgery with injection of triamcinolone acetonide into the anterior chamber at the end of the procedure. Fifty-three eyes of 34 children <2 years of age who underwent congenital cataract surgery with ...
Hermann Manuel M - - 2012
Purpose:  To characterize the temporal occurrence of retinal detachments (RD) after cataract surgery. Methods:  In this retrospective, consecutive case series, we reviewed the charts of 798 pseudophakic patients with primary rhegmatogenous RD that underwent surgery between 1999 and 2009, at the Center of Ophthalmology, University of Cologne, Germany. Results:  Twenty-five ...
Lee Jong Dae - - 2012
Abstract Conclusion: Our results show that cervical vestibular-evoked myogenic potential (cVEMP) or ocular VEMP (oVEMP) abnormalities in the recurrent benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) group were significantly higher than those in the non-recurrent BPPV group. Therefore, we can infer that VEMP abnormality is one of risk factors for BPPV recurrence. ...
Cavallini Gian Maria - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate bimanual microincision cataract surgery (MICS) clear corneal incision (CCI) architectural features over the long-term using anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT). DESIGN: Case series. SETTING: Institute of Ophthalmology, University of Modena, Modena, Italy. METHODS: Patients who had uneventful bimanual MICS in the previous 2 to 16 months ...
Ishihara Yoshihito - - 2012
Abstract To treat morphological abnormalities, impaction, and severe malposition of the teeth, the lateral incisors are sometimes extracted, followed by orthodontic space closure. This procedure often requires special consideration, not only with regard to esthetics but also for functional issues. However, thus far, few reports that have performed a functional ...
Lai Xu - - 2012
Objective To study the clinical characteristics and outcomes of the hereditary medullary thyroid carcinoma (HMTC) and the sporadic medullary thyroid carcinoma (SMTC). Methods The clinical data of 78 patients with medullary thyroid carcinoma who underwent surgery in our hospital between July 1980 and May 2011 were retrospectively analyzed. Results Of ...
Sternheim Amir - - 2012
Long-term outcomes of cemented and uncemented cups were compared in patients with hip dysplasia who had undergone revision hip arthroplasty. Patients had uncontained superolateral acetabular defects reconstructed with a structural allograft. This retrospective study compared 18 cemented acetabular cups to 27 uncemented acetabular cups. Average follow-up was 216 months (range, ...
Kim Su-Jung - - 2012
This study was designed to investigate the effects of low-intensity laser therapy (LILT) on periodontal ligament (PDL) remodeling during relapse and retention after the completion of orthodontic movement. The maxillary central incisors (n = 104) of the 52 rats were randomly divided into five groups according to the treatment modality: baseline control ...
Johansson Kerstin - - 2013
Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is commonly used as a catheter material in catheters for clean intermittent catheterization (CIC) but, owing mainly to environmental concerns, a PVC-free material has been proposed. The objective of this study was to compare patients' tolerability for catheters made of PVC and a newly developed PVC-free material. ...
Mullen Louise - - 2012
Background: Retention in treatment is a key indicator of methadone treatment success. The study aims to identify factors that are associated with retention. Objectives: To determine retention in treatment at 12 months for Irish opiate users in methadone substitution treatment and to indicate factors that increase the likelihood of retention. ...
Geckili Onur - - 2012
This study compared two groups of patients who were elderly and edentulous, one group included subjects who had mandibular overdentures supported by two implants (Group I); the other groups wore conventional complete dentures (Group II). This retrospective study included 100 edentulous patients (50 from each group) with an average age ...
Donati Simone - - 2012
To evaluate long-term efficacy of intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) versus combined IVB and macular grid laser photocoagulation for the treatment of macular edema secondary to branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO). In this prospective study, 18 eyes were randomized into 2 groups according to treatment: Group 1 (9 eyes) underwent IVB at ...
Walter M H - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The study was designed to provide clinical outcome data for two treatments of the shortened dental arch (SDA). MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a multicenter randomized controlled clinical trial, patients with complete molar loss in one jaw were provided with either a partial removable dental prosthesis (PRDP) retained with precision ...
Stopa Marcin - - 2012
The aim of the study is to report a technique of a pedicled autologous choroid retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) patch that aims to preserve perfusion of the transplanted tissue. A case report of a patient with sudden vision deterioration due to submacular hemorrhage in age-related macular degeneration. The surgery involved ...
Rodrigues Amanda do Prado Ado - - 2012
This study analyzed occlusal radiographs to compare the transverse changes produced in patients treated with rapid maxillary expansion using two types of appliances. The sample consisted of 31 children aged 7 to 10.6 years, of both genders, with posterior cross-bite. Fifteen children were treated with a tooth-borne expander and 16 ...
Odabaş M E - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the clinical and radiographic findings of ferric sulphate (FS) and mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) as vital pulpotomy materials in primary molars. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants, including 40 boys and 53 girls ranging between 5 and 10 years of age (mean ...
Dholakia Kartik D - - 2012
Various ligation techniques and materials have been shown to affect the frictional resistance and the rate of tooth movement with sliding mechanics for space closure. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficiency of nonconventional elastomeric ligatures and conventional elastomeric ligatures during the canine retraction phase by ...
Dell Darin L - - 2012
Background -  Canine atopic dermatitis is a frequent diagnosis in veterinary medicine; however, the long-term prognosis for canine atopic dermatitis has not been evaluated in a systematic fashion. Hypothesis/Objectives -  To compare the relative efficacy of commonly used therapies for canine atopic dermatitis in two groups of dogs over 5 and 10 year ...
Park Jae Hyun - - 2012
This clinical article reports an esthetic treatment option for managing a Class II malocclusion in an adult. The patient, a woman aged 24 years 2 months, had crowding and a convex profile. She was treated with maxillary first premolar extractions, a double J retractor, and temporary skeletal anchorage devices in ...
de Oliveira Mima E G - - 2012
Clin Microbiol Infect ABSTRACT: In this randomized clinical trial, the clinical and mycological efficacy of Photodynamic Therapy (PDT) was compared with that of topical antifungal therapy for the treatment of denture stomatitis (DS) and the prevalence of Candida species was identified. Patients were randomly assigned to one of two groups ...
Riboh Jonathan C - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Shortcuts for throwing 3 alternating reversed half-hitches on alternating posts (RHAPs), in which the post is switched by alternating strand tension to "flip" the knot, have been advocated but never validated in a biomechanical study. HYPOTHESIS: Shortcut tying techniques will affect knot security or loop security. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled ...
Sanita Paula Volpato - - 2012
Purpose: The aim of this randomized clinical trial was to compare the effectiveness of microwave denture disinfection and nystatin in the treatment of well-controlled type 2 diabetic patients with denture stomatitis in terms of microbiologic and clinical outcomes. Materials and Method: Diabetic patients wearing maxillary complete dentures with denture stomatitis ...
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