Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1808
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Vena G A - - 2009
There is much evidence to show the efficacy of adalimumab, a human monoclonal antibody targeting tumour necrosis factor-alpha, in the treatment of plaque psoriasis. In this open-label experience, 147 high-need patients suffering from plaque psoriasis, with a mean Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) of 18.8, and concomitant psoriatic arthritis ...
Majid Imran - - 2009
Childhood vitiligo is always a challenge to treat, especially when the disease is progressing rapidly in such a patient. Oral minipulse with betamethasone has been tried in childhood vitiligo and also in some other immune mediated skin disorders with good results. The aim of the present study was to see ...
Jalel Akrem - - 2009
Mammalian pigmentation results from the synthesis and accumulation of photo protective epidermal melanin. Melanin was formed from the amino acid precursor L-tyrosine within specialized cells, the melanocytes. Oxidative stress has been suggested to be the initial pathogenetic event in melanocyte degeneration with H(2)O(2) accumulation in the epidermis of patients with ...
Tanaka Kosuke K Equine Science Division, Hidaka Yearling Training Farm, Japan Racing Association, 535-13 Nishicha, Urakawa-cho, Urakawa-gun, Hokkaido 057-0171, Japan ; The Japan Bloodhorse Breeders' Association, Shizunai Stallion Station, 517 Shizunaitahara, Shin-hidaka, Hidaka, Hokkaido 056-0144, - - 2009
At 114 ranches in the Hidaka District of Hokkaido, a total of 1,118 Thoroughbred foals that were born from January to June 2003 were examined at different times from May to September of the same year to ascertain the occurrence of clubfoot. Clubfoot was seen in a total of 179 ...
Ersoy-Evans Sibel S Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey. - - 2009
Current knowledge about the efficacy of narrowband UVB therapy for the treatment of pityriasis lichenoides is limited. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of narrowband UVB therapy for the treatment of pityriasis lichenoides chronica (PLC). Data were retrospectively collected following a review of patient phototherapy and ...
Carbone M - - 2009
Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a chronic inflammatory disease that can be painful, mainly in the atrophic and erosive forms. Numerous drugs have been used with dissimilar results, but most treatments are empirical and do not have adequate control groups or correct study designs. However, to date, the most commonly ...
Rigopoulos D - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have established the pivotal role of irritants and allergens in development of chronic paronychia and the significant improvement with corticosteroid therapy. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this randomized, unblinded, comparative study was to compare the efficacy of tacrolimus ointment 0.1% vs. betamethasone 17-valerate 0.1% in the treatment of ...
Undre N A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Systemic exposure to tacrolimus following topical application of tacrolimus ointment is minimal. There are, however, no data on the distribution of tacrolimus in the skin. OBJECTIVES: To assess the distribution of tacrolimus in the skin and the systemic pharmacokinetics of tacrolimus in adults with moderate to severe atopic dermatitis ...
Kim Sangeun - - 2008
BACKGROUND: RF-pulsed light with ELOS technology devices have recently been used to treat acne vulgaris in selected patients. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the safety and efficacy of a combination of two kinds of device with ELOS technology for the treatment of acne. METHODS: Ten patients with moderate acne were treated twice ...
Sharquie Khalifa E - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate effectiveness of 2% tea lotion in comparison with 5% zinc sulphate solution in the treatment of acne vulgaris. METHODS: This is a single-blind randomly comparative therapeutic clinical trial carried out in the Department of Dermatology, Baghdad Teaching Hospital, Baghdad, Iraq from June 2006 to December 2007. Full ...
Banihashemi M - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: The common wart is a common infectious disease caused by human papilloma virus. A variety of therapeutic modalities are available. Cryotherapy (liquid nitrogen) is one of the most common treatment forms. It freezes the tissue and destroys warts. Phenol is a caustic agent. Our purpose was to evaluate and ...
Kubota Yasuo - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of combination therapy with topical corticosteroids and tacrolimus in the treatment of atopic dermatitis remains to be established. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to determine whether a regimen of sequential application of topical corticosteroids and topical tacrolimus is effective in the treatment of pediatric atopic dermatitis. A second ...
Nakagishi Yoshinori - - 2009
It is difficult to treat patients with acquired airway stenosis, and the quality of life of such patients is therefore lowered. We have suggested the application of photodynamic therapy (PDT) as a new treatment for airway stenosis and have determined the efficacy of PDT in animal disease models using a ...
Paller Amy S - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Long-term, safe and effective therapeutic options for managing the chronic relapsing nature of atopic dermatitis are essential for improving patient quality of life. To minimize the risks of continued topical corticosteroid usage and potentially reduce the incidence of flares, we tested the efficacy and safety of a rotational paradigm ...
Kapoor R - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) has stimulant and immunomodulatory effects on melanocytes and regulates their proliferation. OBJECTIVES: To study the efficacy and safety of topical PGE2 in treating stable vitiligo patches involving <5% body surface area. METHODS: Fifty-six consecutive patients with clinically diagnosed stable vitiligo of types vulgaris, focal, segmental, lip ...
Stefanaki Christina - - 2008
Localized scleroderma or morphea, although a self-limited and benign disease, may leave substantial physical and cosmetic deformity necessitating treatment but treatment remains to date unsatisfactory. The aim of our study was to evaluate the efficacy of topical tacrolimus ointment in the treatment of morphea. Thirteen patients with morphea used tacrolimus ...
Jang Nelly - - 2008
We report the successful treatment of severe long-standing erosive vulvovaginal lichen planus in four adult female patients using 2.5-7.5 mg of oral methotrexate once weekly in conjunction with topical clobetasol dipropionate 0.05% ointment and tacrolimus 0.03-0.10% ointment. All cases experienced improvement in symptoms and healing of lesions within 4-8 weeks. ...
Metkar Amol - - 2008
BACKGROUND: There are numerous therapeutic modalities available for treatment of molluscum contagiosum. However, the ablative modalities are painful and not suitable for children. AIM: We aimed to evaluate and compare the safety and efficacy of 2 of the painless modalities, viz., 5% imiquimod cream and 10% potassium hydroxide (KOH) solution, ...
Becerro de Bengoa Vallejo Ricardo - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A variety of treatment modalities have been described for cutaneous warts. We sought to determine the safety and efficacy of a topical formulation of cantharidin, podophyllotoxin, and salicylic acid in the treatment of plantar warts. This combination treatment is widely used in Europe and elsewhere but has not been ...
Micali Giuseppe - - 2008
Lentigo maligna (LM) is an in situ variant of cutaneous melanoma, which usually occurs in sun-damaged skin. Surgical treatment of LM is often difficult and not well accepted by patients, as lesions are usually quite large and located on the face. Imiquimod 5% cream is a local immune response modifier ...
Kircik Leon H - - 2008
Acne affects as many as 50 million individuals in the United States. Topical therapy combining a retinoid and an antibiotic is recommended as a first-line therapeutic option for mild to moderately severe acne. Although treatment for extended durations may be required, little long-term safety data on these combination therapies are ...
Costanzo Antonio - - 2009
Efalizumab is a recombinant humanized anti-CD11a monoclonal antibody that blocks the activation, adhesion and trafficking of T cells and has been approved for the treatment of moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis. To document management of the fluctuations in symptom control that patients with psoriasis sometimes experience during treatment, we performed a retrospective ...
Eibenschutz Laura - - 2008
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common cancer affecting Caucasians and, due to its large size or to the poor condition of the patient, it can be difficult to treat it with conventional therapies: in these cases photodynamic therapy with methyl aminolevulinate (MAL-PDT) may represent a good option. A ...
Gollnick Harald - - 2008
Imiquimod 5% cream is an immune response modifier approved for the treatment of superficial basal cell carcinoma (sBCC) once daily, 5 x per week for 6 weeks. This report reveals the final results of a 5-year follow-up study to evaluate the recurrence rate of sBCCs treated with imiquimod. As previously ...
Rodríguez-Martín M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Vitiligo is a common skin disease which is difficult to treat. Approximately half of patients acquire the disease before the age of 20 years. This disease has a high stigmatizing impact but no ideal, aetiology-oriented, effective therapy has been found to date. Tacalcitol and other vitamin D analogues have ...
Stinco Giuseppe - - 2009
Plasma cell balanitis of Zoon is a chronic, benign, inflammatory dermatosis of the glans penis and prepuce. The exact aetiology is unknown. The treatments described to date have provided only partially successful results. Recently, several reports of plasma cell balanitis successfully treated with calcineurin inhibitors have been published. We report ...
Nikkels, Arjen
Introduction : Pityriasis licehnoides (PL) exhibits a protean clinical presentation, particularly in its overlapping form (OPL) combining aspects of the acute and chronic types. Some patients are drug multiresistant and pose a therapeutic dilemma. The anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α agent etanercept, was recently introduced as an alternative treatment for psoriasis, ...
Mahoney Mary-Helen - - 2008
Lentigo maligna (LM) presents a challenge for complete surgical excision. Imiquimod is a topical immune-response modifier that acts on the immune system. We report our experience using imiquimod 5% cream as a surgical alternative for treatment of LM. Consecutive patients between December 2004 and February 2006 with LM were treated ...
Hernandez Garcia Isabel - - 2008
The author presents the case of a 27-year-old man who suffered 2 episodes of erythroderma while on therapy with efalizumab for psoriasis. The first episode, occurred 2 weeks after the first dose, was well controlled without discontinuing the drug. A second erythrodermic flare was observed after 4 weeks following efalizumab ...
Rajar Uzma D M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of aloe vera gel and placebo in the topical management of vulval lichen planus. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Dermatology, Isra University Hospital, Hyderabad, from January 2007 to January 2008. METHODOLOGY: Thirty-four female patients were randomized into ...
Nikkels A F - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Pityriasis lichenoides (PL) exhibits a protean clinical presentation, particularly in its overlapping form (OPL) combining aspects of the acute and chronic types. Some patients are drug multiresistant and pose a therapeutic dilemma. The anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha agent etanercept, was recently introduced as an alternative treatment for psoriasis, rheumatoid ...
Warren R B RB Dermatological Sciences, Salford Royal Hospital, University of Manchester, Manchester M6 8HD, UK. - - 2009
Large-scale clinical trials provide clear evidence of the efficacy and short-term toxicity of biologic therapies for psoriasis. However, to date, there are few reports of the practical use of these therapies outside of the trial setting and, to our knowledge, none from a U.K. cohort of patients with psoriasis. (i) ...
Christensen E - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Long-term follow-up data are needed to evaluate treatment effect after photodynamic therapy (PDT). OBJECTIVE: To investigate long-term clinical, histological and cosmetic follow-up results in basal cell carcinoma (BCC) after PDT, including treatment response related to patients and lesion characteristics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A longitudinal study of 44 patients with ...
Simonart T - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Although curettage is commonly used to treat molluscum contagiosum, prospective studies on its effectiveness are lacking. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate prospectively the efficacy of curettage in the treatment of molluscum contagiosum and to identify the risk factors associated with treatment failure. METHODS: A systematic 2-month follow-up survey study was carried ...
Madsen Steen J SJ Department of Health Physics, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV 89154-3037, USA. - - 2009
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been investigated as a postoperative treatment in patients with high grade gliomas. The purpose of this in vitro investigation was to determine whether motexafin gadolinium (MGd), a known radiation sensitizer, could potentiate the effects of 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA)-PDT. Human glioma (ACBT) spheroids (250 microm diameter) were ...
Borzova Elena - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Symptomatic dermographism is the most common type of physical urticaria. It can be severe and poorly controlled with H1 antihistamines in some patients. Photochemotherapy (psoralen plus ultraviolet [UV] A) may help the itch of dermographism but the effect of narrowband (NB) UVB therapy has not been previously studied. OBJECTIVES: ...
Cladellas Esther - - 2008
Compensatory sweating after sympathectomy does not have a satisfactory, free-of-secondary-effects treatment. Glycopyrrolate has been successfully used to treat other types of hyperhidrosis. Compensatory sweating after sympathectomy could respond to the topical application of glycopyrrolate. Ten patients were selected with compensatory sweating after sympathectomy. One milliliter of a 2% water solution ...
Wozel Gottfried - - 2008
Psoriasis comprises a broad spectrum of different clinical courses among which the chronic stable psoriasis by far occurs most frequently. The clinical presentation ranges from mild disease to more serious forms involving large areas of skin and/or joint disease. A number of modifying factors may impact on treatment choice in ...
Warren Richard B RB Dermatologic Sciences, Hope Hospital, The University of Manchester, Manchester, M6 8HD UK. - - 2008
Despite the current use and ongoing development of the biological therapies 'traditional' systemic agents will continue to form a key part of the therapeutic armamentarium for patients with severe psoriasis. Long-term maintenance therapy with retinoids and methotrexate is cost-effective and, for many patients with psoriasis, life changing. Regular monitoring is ...
Wozel Gottfried G Department of Dermatology, Carl Gustav Carus University Hospital, Technical University of Dresden, Fetscherstrasse 74, 01307 Dresden, Germany. - - 2008
Palmoplantar pustular psoriasis (PPP) is a chronic inflammatory skin condition mainly characterized by recurrent eruptions of sterile pustules on erythematous skin; hyperkeratosis and fissures on the palms and soles are additional clinical features. Treatment options for PPP are unsatisfactory. We present a patient with a typical course of PPP that ...
Hughes R - - 2008
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common disease. Severe AD has a significant effect on quality of life and is difficult to treat. We have previously reported 10 patients treated with azathioprine over a 7-year period, to good effect. We have now treated 37 patients over 18 years, and report our ...
Na Jung Im - - 2008
Etanercept is a fully humanized soluble tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha receptor that competitively inhibits the interaction of TNF-alpha with cell-surface receptors. It was approved as monotherapy for psoriasis in the USA in 2004, but in Korea, no clinical reports on its use for psoriasis are available. We performed a retrospective ...
Borchard Kate L A - - 2008
Topical therapies are the mainstay in the treatment of atopic dermatitis, and are effective in the majority of patients with mild and localized disease. In patients with widespread or recalcitrant moderate to severe dermatitis, systemic therapies may be required. The frequently used systemic therapies are immunosuppressants, immune response modifiers, anti-inflammatories, ...
Thaçi D - - 2008
Moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis is associated with a considerable disease burden and treatment needs are often unmet. Several conventional systemic drugs are available as treatments, including methotrexate, cyclosporin, retinoids and psoralen ultraviolet A, which, although effective, are associated with considerable toxicity that limits their long-term use. Recent developments in more targeted ...
Frangos Jason E - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Topical corticosteroids are the most common treatment modality for patients with psoriasis and atopic dermatitis; however, the efficacy of topical corticosteroids is often hampered by barriers to patient adherence, such as lack of efficacy, side effects and inconvenience. Recently published studies have investigated the safety and efficacy of a ...
Nighland Marge - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Acne vulgaris can persist beyond adolescence into the fourth decade of life or later; most patients have a combination of inflammatory and noninflammatory lesions. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether tretinoin microsphere gel (TMG) 0.04% applied once nightly is well tolerated and effective in reducing inflammatory and noninflammatory lesions in adolescents ...
Ansarin Habib - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Levamisole is an agent without much potential use alone, but through immunomodulation, may synergistically improve the efficacy of other drugs like doxycycline in the treatment of acne vulgaris. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to determine the efficacy of levamisole in addition to doxycycline in the treatment of ...
Tschen Eduardo - - 2008
Aligning an acne diagnosis with a therapeutic strategy is the cornerstone of acne management. The challenges associated with treatment selection include the type and severity of the patient's acne as well as the mechanism of action of each medication and its ability to address one or more of the pathogenic ...
Reitamo S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: For the treatment of a chronic disease like atopic dermatitis, sustained tolerability and efficacy of the applied medication are essential. OBJECTIVES: The present open-label, noncomparative study was conducted to obtain information on the long-term safety and efficacy of 0.1% tacrolimus ointment. METHODS: Patients aged 2 years or older with ...
van der Snoek E M - - 2008
We present a review of six clinical studies investigating the use of photodynamic therapy (PDT) using porphyrin precursors for the treatment of Old World cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL). Thirty-nine patients with a total of 77 lesions received PDT using a range of treatment schedules following topical application of aminolevulinic acid (ALA) ...
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