Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 881
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Ozkan Seyhan B - - 2006
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to assess the effectiveness of intraoperative botulinum toxin A (BTA) injection as an adjunct to the surgical treatment of large-angle esotropia or exotropia. METHODS: Ten patients were included in the study. Mean age of the patients was 27+/-20 years. Of these 10 patients, ...
Orloff Lisa A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate results of laser-assisted voice adjustment (LAVA) surgery in male-to-female (MTF) transsexual patients with androphonia. METHODS: The authors conducted a prospective case-control study of MTFs who underwent CO2 laser vocal fold vaporization between 1997 and 2003. Thirty-one patients were self-referred for voice ...
Mohammad Lateef - - 2006
A prospective randomized controlled study was conducted in 50 patients evaluating the effect of single intra - operative intravenous dose of dexamethasone on post - operative morbidity. Dexamethasone was found to significantly reduce the incidence of vomiting in 1(st) 24 hrs, trismus. pain, time for 1(st) solid intake, need to ...
Baldeschi Lelio - - 2006
PURPOSE: To determine if early rehabilitative orbital decompression in Graves' orbitopathy (GO) leads to a more effective postoperative outcome than the same intervention performed at a later, more likely, fibrotic stage. DESIGN: Retrospective comparative case series. PARTICIPANTS: The medical records of all GO patients treated with a 3-wall orbital decompression ...
Cho Yoonae A - - 2006
To evaluate the outcomes of surgery for Brown syndrome. We reviewed the charts of 15 patients who underwent surgery for Brown syndrome. The limitation of elevation in adduction (LEA) ranged from -2 to -4 degrees. A superior oblique muscle (SO) tenotomy was performed in 4 patients, a silicone expander was ...
Taherian K - - 2007
AIMS: To assess the results of blepharoptosis surgery in our hospital by subjective and objective grading of the outcome and comparing them to determine their degree of corelation. METHODS: Retrospective interventional case series report supplemented by postal questionnaires and telephonic patient surveys. The study included 107 eyelids of 78 patients. ...
Ing Malcolm R - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Alternating occlusion before surgical alignment has been suggested by some strabismologists as a possible method to enhance the treatment of infantile esotropia. PURPOSE: This report presents 1-year outcome results of a prospective trial of patients with infantile esotropia who were assigned randomly to alternating occlusion or control groups. METHODS ...
Paridaens D - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and side effects of 'swinging eyelid' orbital decompression in patients with Graves' orbitopathy (GO). To calculate the incidence of postoperative new-onset diplopia (NOD) using a newly proposed scoring system for diplopia. METHODS: We reviewed the clinical data on proptosis, visual acuity, and diplopia in 104 ...
Chen H-C - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Voice rehabilitation following laryngectomy can take many forms. As its basic premise, vibrating air must be transferred to the mouth where articulation takes place and speech can be produced. It requires a source of air, a conduit for transfer, and a mechanism for prevention of regurgitation and aspiration. Creating ...
Chang Lydia - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Patients with paralytic ectropion and lagophthalmos may experience keratitis and may pose a functional and aesthetic surgical challenge. Various methods are used to reduce the vertical palpebral aperture, including lateral tarsal strip (LTS) or a lateral tarsorrhaphy. We modified the LTS to differentially shorten and elevate the lower lid ...
Choi M Y - - 2007
PURPOSE: The surgical success rates for intermittent exotropia of the convergence insufficiency type have been reported to be variable, and most were studied retrospectively in adults. The purpose of this study was to evaluate prospectively the long-term surgical results of unilateral lateral rectus (LR) muscle recession and medial rectus (MR) ...
Ragab Sameh M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a prospective randomized controlled trial describing and investigating the efficacy and safety of radiosurgical excision of benign superficial vocal fold lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty patients with benign superficial vocal fold lesions (20 vocal nodules, 27 vocal polyps and three Reinke's oedema) who failed conservative therapy were ...
Bosley Brooke - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Transverse cordotomy (TC) and medial arytenoidectomy (MA) are procedures performed to enlarge the glottic airway in patients with bilateral vocal fold paralysis (BVFP). Both are less destructive than total arytenoidectomy and have distinct theoretical advantages for voice preservation, but they have never been compared. METHODS: The records of patients ...
Awan Mohammad Sohail - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess the success rate of tracheoesophageal voice prosthesis as the primary mode of voice rehabilitation in patients after total laryngectomy. METHODS: Medical record files of 35 patients subjected to total laryngectomy were reviewed for determining success or failure of the voice prosthesis. The indicators used were quality of ...
Kampanartsanyakorn Suchada - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the surgical outcomes of horizontal strabismus and identify the influencing factors of the surgical success. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The medical records of 304 patients who underwent their first strabismus surgery for treatment of horizontal deviation at Siriraj Hospital were reviewed retrospectively from January 1998 to December 2003. ...
Kersten Robert C - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate the functional and cosmetic results after frontalis sling repair for unilateral ptosis associated with either poor levator function or synkinesis. METHODS: Preoperative and postoperative photographs and records of 127 patients who underwent unilateral frontalis sling ptosis repair were retrospectively reviewed. An eyelid crease incision was used in ...
Britt Michelle T - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Augmented transposition of the superior and inferior rectus muscles to the lateral rectus muscle is effective surgical treatment for esotropia in unilateral Duane syndrome. Medial rectus muscle recession in bilateral Duane syndrome may increase the risk of consecutive exotropia and cause limitation to adduction postoperatively. Vertical rectus muscle transposition ...
Gundlach Karsten Kurt Helmuth - - 2005
Congenital clinical anophthalmia requires fitting an artificial eye, achieving a pleasing aspect of the palpebral apparatus, and stimulating growth of the orbit, as well as of the entire midface. Out of 25 patients with clinical anophthalmia, 22 were treated according to a new protocol (first described by Wiese et al. ...
Watts Patrick - - 2005
PURPOSE: We sought to determine whether the Newcastle Control Score (NCS) could be used to indicate a successful outcome in patients with intermittent exotropia that were treated with minus lenses. METHODS: We studied patients with an intermittent exotropia who were prescribed minus lens therapy in an effort to manage their ...
Vithalani P D - - 2005
A long-standing undiagnosed foreign body in bronchus in adult is very rare case. A 42 years old man with complain of chronic cough with expectoration and fever since 3 years was treated medically including a complete course of AKT for 6 months without improvement in the patient's condition. On taking ...
Rahman I - - 2005
Orbital exenteration is a psychologically and anatomically disfiguring procedure reserved for the treatment of potentially life threatening malignancies or relentlessly progressive conditions unresponsive to other treatments. In this study the authors aimed to review their experience with exenteration, including indications, outcomes, and reasons for the increased rate of exenterations over ...
Ho Shu Fen - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term outcome of involutional entropion repair by means of a combined procedure of lateral tarsal strip and Quickert everting sutures. METHODS: Noncomparative interventional case series of patients who underwent a combined procedure of lateral tarsal strip and Quickert sutures for treatment of involutional entropion between September ...
Milstein Claudio F - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Micronized Alloderm (Cymetra) is a relatively new product used for vocal fold augmentation. Previous studies evaluating possible long-term effectiveness of this product have shown mixed results. The objective of this present study is to reassess possible long-term results of Cymetra injection laryngoplasty in patients with unilateral true vocal fold ...
Rodrigues Alexandre C - - 2005
PURPOSE: To report our long-term results with the hemihang-back technique for lateral rectus muscle recession in moderate- and large-angle exotropia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The medical records of 144 consecutive patients who underwent unilateral or bilateral hemihang-back lateral rectus recession between 1999 and 2002 were reviewed. The amount of surgery performed ...
Bhalla R K - - 2005
Dysphonic patients with muscle tension are common at voice clinics. The majority respond to intensive vocal therapy. A small number of cases remain resistant to intensive vocal therapy. We have used intravenous midazolam to enhance therapy-resistant dysphonic patients' self-monitoring, their self-awareness and to change fixed patterns. Six of seven patients ...
Kim Tae Woo - - 2005
To provide long-term surgical results for patients with large initial overcorrection following surgery for exodeviation, 68 consecutive patients with initial overcorrection of 20 prism diopters (PD) or more at distance or near following surgery for exodeviation performed between 1994 and 2002 were included in this study. The patients were managed ...
Chone Carlos T - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term use of indwelling Blom-Singer voice prosthesis (VP) for vocal rehabilitation of patients submitted to total laryngectomy (TL). The influence of the timing (primary or secondary) of tracheoesophageal puncture (TEP), use of radiotherapy (xRT), patient age, and length of follow-up were studied to evaluate the success ...
Chone Carlos Takahiro - - 2005
To evaluate long-term use of indwelling Blom-Singer voice prosthesis (VP) for vocal rehabilitation of patients submitted to total laryngectomy (TL). We studied the influence of time of performance of tracheo-esophageal puncture (TEP), use of radiotherapy (XRT), patients' age and length of follow-up, on the rate of success of use of ...
Roh Jong-Lyel - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of topical mitomycin C (MMC) in preventing anterior glottic stenosis (AGS) after transoral microresection of glottic lesions involving the anterior commissure (AC). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. METHODS: Sixteen patients with benign or malignant glottic lesions involving the AC were studied. The lesions were removed ...
Kim C - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety of the approach based on the notion that the surgical dose for intermittent exotropia should be based on the largest angle ever measured. DESIGN: Prospective case series of 33 patients. METHODS: A total of 33 patients with intermittent exotropia, in whom angles of misalignment at ...
Bhola Rahul - - 2005
PURPOSE: To compare efficacy and complications of isolated unilateral superior oblique tucking in patients with unilateral superior oblique palsy (SOP). METHOD: A retrospective analysis of 24 cases of unilateral SOP, 13 Acquired (group 1), and 11 Congenital (group 2), who underwent isolated unilateral superior oblique tuck over a 13-year period ...
Hakim Ossama M - - 2005
PURPOSE: Recently, topical lidocaine 2% jelly had been used in phacoemulsification and trabeculectomy surgeries. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and stability of one-stage adjustable suture using topical lidocaine jelly 2% in combination with intravenous nalbuphine (Nubain). METHODS: Forty adult patients aged 16 to 46 years ...
Patel Munjal P - - 2005
Eyelid retraction is an unfortunate consequence of cosmetic surgery, trauma, and disease states. It is frequently symptomatic and may be associated with dry eye syndrome and corneal compromise. The pathophysiology of lower eyelid retraction usually involves some degree of lateral canthal tendon laxity, middle lamella scarring, and malar descent. The ...
Hahm I Rum - - 2005
PURPOSE: To determine the clinical course of recurrent exotropia after a secondary operation for exotropia. METHODS: The surgical results in 58 patients who had undergone reoperation for recurrent exotropia (reoperation group) were retrospectively investigated and compared with those of 100 patients who had undergone primary strabismus surgery only (primary operation ...
Kandogan Tolga - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In this study, we aim to gather information about the quality of life issues, functional outcomes and voice problems facing early glottic cancer patients treated with the surgical techniques such as laryngofissure cordectomy, fronto-lateral laryngectomy, or cricohyoidopexi. In particular, consistency of life and voice quality issues with the laryngeal ...
Snir Moshe - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate the surgical and functional results of full horizontal tendon rectus muscle transposition to the superior rectus (SR) insertion, augmented by posterior fixation sutures, in patients with double-elevator palsy (DEP). DESIGN: Retrospective nonconcurrent interventional comparative case series. PARTICIPANTS: Fourteen consecutive patients with DEP. INTERVENTION: Six patients treated for ...
Minkoff Olga V - - 2005
PURPOSE: To review the long-term outcome of infants undergoing three-muscle surgery for infantile esotropia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Surgical records of 10 patients with esotropia > or = 55 prism diopters (PD) who underwent three-muscle surgery for large-angle infantile esotropia were reviewed. Outcome measures included over- or undercorrection, need for additional ...
Ben Simon Guy J - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate the outcome of eyelid retraction surgery in thyroid-related orbitopathy (TRO) patients in 2 different surgical settings: done simultaneously with orbital decompression or as a staged procedure after orbital decompression. DESIGN: Retrospective, comparative, nonrandomized clinical study. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-six patients (158 eyes). METHODS: A review of electronic medical records ...
Goldberg Robert Alan - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to identify the anatomical basis for perception of lower eyelid bags in patients seeking aesthetic surgery and to evaluate the cumulative contribution of different anatomic characteristics before surgery. The histories and photographs of patients whose motivation for aesthetic consultation was lower eyelid bags were ...
Dempf Rupert - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Pneumosinus dilatans was described first in 1898 by Meyes. Up to now only 60 cases have been published worldwide dealing mainly with young men between 20 and 30 years of age. The aetiology remains unknown. Whilst frontal sinuses are affected most often other sinuses can also be involved. The ...
Hintschich C - - 2005
To report on a modified technique for upper eyelid lengthening in lid retraction associated with Graves' disease. A prospective consecutive interventional case series. 41 patients, 38 women and three men, with a mean age of 55 years (range 32-75 years) were included. Full transsection of the upper eyelid with optional ...
Spierer Abraham - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the surgical results obtained by unilateral and bilateral lateral rectus recession for the correction of exotropia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The charts of all patients with exotropia who were operated on at the Goldschleger Eye Institute at Sheba Medical Center during an 11-year period were retrospectively ...
Neves Lígia Cristina Viana - - 2005
PURPOSE: To determine the magnitude of upper eyelid retraction induced by sudden darkness in normal subjects and in patients with Graves upper eyelid retraction before and after treatment with guanethidine drops. METHODS: The study comprised 211 control subjects (n=211 eyes) and 45 patients (n=78 eyes) with Graves upper eyelid retraction. ...
Wei Li-Chen - - 2005
BACKGROUND: This study investigates the clinical features of strabismus in patients with general fibrosis syndrome (GFS) and the results of surgery performed on such patients. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of patients with GFS who visited our clinic at Chang Gung Memorial Hospital between 1 August 1992 and 31 ...
Plouin-Gaudon Isabelle - - 2005
Sixty-nine patients underwent subtotal carbon dioxide laser arytenoidectomy for treatment of bilateral vocal fold immobility between 1985 and 2000. The population included 69 patients whose mean age was 56 years (SD, 16 years; range, 11 to 82 years). The mean follow-up was 50 months (SD, 44 months; range, 1 to ...
Stervander, M
We studied long-term trends and the yearly variation in mean spring passage time in 36 passerine bird species trapped at Ottenby Bird Observatory in south-eastern Sweden. Between the years 1952-2002, data were available for 22-45 years depending on species. Most long-distance migrant species passed progressively earlier over the study period ...
Shaffer Monica J - - 2005
More than 16,000 vagal nerve stimulators (VNSs) have been implanted for refractory epileptic seizures. The most commonly reported side effect is hoarseness. This study examines the effects of VNS placement on vocal fold function. Eleven patients who had undergone VNS placement at our institution were recruited. Subjective evaluation by a ...
Ing Malcolm R - - 2005
PURPOSE: Alternating occlusion prior to surgical alignment has been suggested by some strabismologists to possibly enhance the treatment of infantile esotropia. This report presents the data for 44 patients prospectively enrolled by random assignment to an alternating occlusion or no occlusion subgroup followed for 1 year postoperatively. METHODS: All patients ...
Khan Arif O - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a proposed new protocol for the primary treatment for very large angle esotropia: two muscle horizontal rectus muscle surgery with simultaneous botulinum toxin A injection in a small pilot study. METHODS: Eight patients who had esotropia at near (ET') greater than 60 prism diopters ...
Bleik Jamal H - - 2004
PURPOSE: Immediate postoperative adjustment after adjustable-suture strabismus surgery has been suggested as a viable alternative to the classic adjustment that is performed, usually within 6 to 24 hours after surgery. The purpose of this study was to compare the immediate postoperative eye measurements with those taken 24 hours postoperatively and ...
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