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Results 401 - 450 of 864
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Gundlach Karsten Kurt Helmuth - - 2005
Congenital clinical anophthalmia requires fitting an artificial eye, achieving a pleasing aspect of the palpebral apparatus, and stimulating growth of the orbit, as well as of the entire midface. Out of 25 patients with clinical anophthalmia, 22 were treated according to a new protocol (first described by Wiese et al. ...
Watts Patrick - - 2005
PURPOSE: We sought to determine whether the Newcastle Control Score (NCS) could be used to indicate a successful outcome in patients with intermittent exotropia that were treated with minus lenses. METHODS: We studied patients with an intermittent exotropia who were prescribed minus lens therapy in an effort to manage their ...
Vithalani P D - - 2005
A long-standing undiagnosed foreign body in bronchus in adult is very rare case. A 42 years old man with complain of chronic cough with expectoration and fever since 3 years was treated medically including a complete course of AKT for 6 months without improvement in the patient's condition. On taking ...
Rahman I - - 2005
Orbital exenteration is a psychologically and anatomically disfiguring procedure reserved for the treatment of potentially life threatening malignancies or relentlessly progressive conditions unresponsive to other treatments. In this study the authors aimed to review their experience with exenteration, including indications, outcomes, and reasons for the increased rate of exenterations over ...
Ho Shu Fen - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term outcome of involutional entropion repair by means of a combined procedure of lateral tarsal strip and Quickert everting sutures. METHODS: Noncomparative interventional case series of patients who underwent a combined procedure of lateral tarsal strip and Quickert sutures for treatment of involutional entropion between September ...
Milstein Claudio F - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Micronized Alloderm (Cymetra) is a relatively new product used for vocal fold augmentation. Previous studies evaluating possible long-term effectiveness of this product have shown mixed results. The objective of this present study is to reassess possible long-term results of Cymetra injection laryngoplasty in patients with unilateral true vocal fold ...
Rodrigues Alexandre C - - 2005
PURPOSE: To report our long-term results with the hemihang-back technique for lateral rectus muscle recession in moderate- and large-angle exotropia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The medical records of 144 consecutive patients who underwent unilateral or bilateral hemihang-back lateral rectus recession between 1999 and 2002 were reviewed. The amount of surgery performed ...
Bhalla R K - - 2005
Dysphonic patients with muscle tension are common at voice clinics. The majority respond to intensive vocal therapy. A small number of cases remain resistant to intensive vocal therapy. We have used intravenous midazolam to enhance therapy-resistant dysphonic patients' self-monitoring, their self-awareness and to change fixed patterns. Six of seven patients ...
Kim Tae Woo - - 2005
To provide long-term surgical results for patients with large initial overcorrection following surgery for exodeviation, 68 consecutive patients with initial overcorrection of 20 prism diopters (PD) or more at distance or near following surgery for exodeviation performed between 1994 and 2002 were included in this study. The patients were managed ...
Chone Carlos T - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term use of indwelling Blom-Singer voice prosthesis (VP) for vocal rehabilitation of patients submitted to total laryngectomy (TL). The influence of the timing (primary or secondary) of tracheoesophageal puncture (TEP), use of radiotherapy (xRT), patient age, and length of follow-up were studied to evaluate the success ...
Chone Carlos Takahiro - - 2005
To evaluate long-term use of indwelling Blom-Singer voice prosthesis (VP) for vocal rehabilitation of patients submitted to total laryngectomy (TL). We studied the influence of time of performance of tracheo-esophageal puncture (TEP), use of radiotherapy (XRT), patients' age and length of follow-up, on the rate of success of use of ...
Roh Jong-Lyel - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of topical mitomycin C (MMC) in preventing anterior glottic stenosis (AGS) after transoral microresection of glottic lesions involving the anterior commissure (AC). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. METHODS: Sixteen patients with benign or malignant glottic lesions involving the AC were studied. The lesions were removed ...
Kim C - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety of the approach based on the notion that the surgical dose for intermittent exotropia should be based on the largest angle ever measured. DESIGN: Prospective case series of 33 patients. METHODS: A total of 33 patients with intermittent exotropia, in whom angles of misalignment at ...
Bhola Rahul - - 2005
PURPOSE: To compare efficacy and complications of isolated unilateral superior oblique tucking in patients with unilateral superior oblique palsy (SOP). METHOD: A retrospective analysis of 24 cases of unilateral SOP, 13 Acquired (group 1), and 11 Congenital (group 2), who underwent isolated unilateral superior oblique tuck over a 13-year period ...
Hakim Ossama M - - 2005
PURPOSE: Recently, topical lidocaine 2% jelly had been used in phacoemulsification and trabeculectomy surgeries. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and stability of one-stage adjustable suture using topical lidocaine jelly 2% in combination with intravenous nalbuphine (Nubain). METHODS: Forty adult patients aged 16 to 46 years ...
Patel Munjal P - - 2005
Eyelid retraction is an unfortunate consequence of cosmetic surgery, trauma, and disease states. It is frequently symptomatic and may be associated with dry eye syndrome and corneal compromise. The pathophysiology of lower eyelid retraction usually involves some degree of lateral canthal tendon laxity, middle lamella scarring, and malar descent. The ...
Hahm I Rum - - 2005
PURPOSE: To determine the clinical course of recurrent exotropia after a secondary operation for exotropia. METHODS: The surgical results in 58 patients who had undergone reoperation for recurrent exotropia (reoperation group) were retrospectively investigated and compared with those of 100 patients who had undergone primary strabismus surgery only (primary operation ...
Kandogan Tolga - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In this study, we aim to gather information about the quality of life issues, functional outcomes and voice problems facing early glottic cancer patients treated with the surgical techniques such as laryngofissure cordectomy, fronto-lateral laryngectomy, or cricohyoidopexi. In particular, consistency of life and voice quality issues with the laryngeal ...
Snir Moshe - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate the surgical and functional results of full horizontal tendon rectus muscle transposition to the superior rectus (SR) insertion, augmented by posterior fixation sutures, in patients with double-elevator palsy (DEP). DESIGN: Retrospective nonconcurrent interventional comparative case series. PARTICIPANTS: Fourteen consecutive patients with DEP. INTERVENTION: Six patients treated for ...
Minkoff Olga V - - 2005
PURPOSE: To review the long-term outcome of infants undergoing three-muscle surgery for infantile esotropia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Surgical records of 10 patients with esotropia > or = 55 prism diopters (PD) who underwent three-muscle surgery for large-angle infantile esotropia were reviewed. Outcome measures included over- or undercorrection, need for additional ...
Ben Simon Guy J - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate the outcome of eyelid retraction surgery in thyroid-related orbitopathy (TRO) patients in 2 different surgical settings: done simultaneously with orbital decompression or as a staged procedure after orbital decompression. DESIGN: Retrospective, comparative, nonrandomized clinical study. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-six patients (158 eyes). METHODS: A review of electronic medical records ...
Goldberg Robert Alan - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to identify the anatomical basis for perception of lower eyelid bags in patients seeking aesthetic surgery and to evaluate the cumulative contribution of different anatomic characteristics before surgery. The histories and photographs of patients whose motivation for aesthetic consultation was lower eyelid bags were ...
Dempf Rupert - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Pneumosinus dilatans was described first in 1898 by Meyes. Up to now only 60 cases have been published worldwide dealing mainly with young men between 20 and 30 years of age. The aetiology remains unknown. Whilst frontal sinuses are affected most often other sinuses can also be involved. The ...
Hintschich C - - 2005
To report on a modified technique for upper eyelid lengthening in lid retraction associated with Graves' disease. A prospective consecutive interventional case series. 41 patients, 38 women and three men, with a mean age of 55 years (range 32-75 years) were included. Full transsection of the upper eyelid with optional ...
Spierer Abraham - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the surgical results obtained by unilateral and bilateral lateral rectus recession for the correction of exotropia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The charts of all patients with exotropia who were operated on at the Goldschleger Eye Institute at Sheba Medical Center during an 11-year period were retrospectively ...
Neves Lígia Cristina Viana - - 2005
PURPOSE: To determine the magnitude of upper eyelid retraction induced by sudden darkness in normal subjects and in patients with Graves upper eyelid retraction before and after treatment with guanethidine drops. METHODS: The study comprised 211 control subjects (n=211 eyes) and 45 patients (n=78 eyes) with Graves upper eyelid retraction. ...
Wei Li-Chen - - 2005
BACKGROUND: This study investigates the clinical features of strabismus in patients with general fibrosis syndrome (GFS) and the results of surgery performed on such patients. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of patients with GFS who visited our clinic at Chang Gung Memorial Hospital between 1 August 1992 and 31 ...
Plouin-Gaudon Isabelle - - 2005
Sixty-nine patients underwent subtotal carbon dioxide laser arytenoidectomy for treatment of bilateral vocal fold immobility between 1985 and 2000. The population included 69 patients whose mean age was 56 years (SD, 16 years; range, 11 to 82 years). The mean follow-up was 50 months (SD, 44 months; range, 1 to ...
Stervander, M
We studied long-term trends and the yearly variation in mean spring passage time in 36 passerine bird species trapped at Ottenby Bird Observatory in south-eastern Sweden. Between the years 1952-2002, data were available for 22-45 years depending on species. Most long-distance migrant species passed progressively earlier over the study period ...
Shaffer Monica J - - 2005
More than 16,000 vagal nerve stimulators (VNSs) have been implanted for refractory epileptic seizures. The most commonly reported side effect is hoarseness. This study examines the effects of VNS placement on vocal fold function. Eleven patients who had undergone VNS placement at our institution were recruited. Subjective evaluation by a ...
Ing Malcolm R - - 2005
PURPOSE: Alternating occlusion prior to surgical alignment has been suggested by some strabismologists to possibly enhance the treatment of infantile esotropia. This report presents the data for 44 patients prospectively enrolled by random assignment to an alternating occlusion or no occlusion subgroup followed for 1 year postoperatively. METHODS: All patients ...
Khan Arif O - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a proposed new protocol for the primary treatment for very large angle esotropia: two muscle horizontal rectus muscle surgery with simultaneous botulinum toxin A injection in a small pilot study. METHODS: Eight patients who had esotropia at near (ET') greater than 60 prism diopters ...
Bleik Jamal H - - 2004
PURPOSE: Immediate postoperative adjustment after adjustable-suture strabismus surgery has been suggested as a viable alternative to the classic adjustment that is performed, usually within 6 to 24 hours after surgery. The purpose of this study was to compare the immediate postoperative eye measurements with those taken 24 hours postoperatively and ...
Frueh Bartley R - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and efficiency of a new small anterior incision, minimal dissection ptosis procedure with that of a traditional anterior aponeurotic approach for the correction of aponeurotic ptosis. DESIGN: Retrospective, comparative, interventional case series. PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-two patients with aponeurotic ptosis who had undergone ptosis correction surgery by ...
Lorenz Robert R - - 2004
The first successful composite human laryngeal transplantation was performed by a team led by the senior author on January 4, 1998. The recipient was a 40-year-old male who had sustained a crush injury to his larynx 20 years prior, rendering him aphonic. Multiple previous attempts for reconstruction at an outside ...
Hertegård Stellan - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the long-term (24 months) clinical performance (vocal fold function) and safety of hylan B gel as compared with bovine cross-linked collagen in the treatment of patients with glottal insufficiency. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a prospective trial, 70 patients with glottal insufficiency due to unilateral vocal fold paresis ...
Altieri Michele - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Lower eyelid entropion is an eyelid malposition characterized by inward rotation of the eyelid margin associated with potentially significant discomfort and, occasionally, keratopathy. In this study we evaluated and compared the efficacy of two surgical techniques of retractor plication for involutional lower lid entropion repair. METHODS: Sixty-two consecutive patients ...
Duruisseau Olivier - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Because of the side effects of Teflon, the risk of infection from the use of collagen, autologous fat resorption, and the lack of alternative substances, injection laryngoplasty tends to be replaced by laryngeal framework surgery as the method of choice for the treatment of unilateral vocal cord recurrent paralysis ...
Rosen Clark A - - 2004
Symptoms of unilateral vocal fold paralysis are improved significantly by augmenting the paralyzed vocal fold via vocal fold injection. In this trial, augmentation with a new calcium hydroxylapatite implant was evaluated. In addition, two different phonosurgical injection techniques were used, and these procedures were compared for accuracy and reliability. A ...
Chan Sor Way - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To assess the outcome of type II thyroplasty in the treatment of adductor spasmodic dysphonia (ASD). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective case series. METHODS: Thirteen patients with the diagnosis of ASD who were previously treated successfully with botulinum toxin therapy were recruited. Type II thyroplasty as described by Nobuhiko Isshiki was ...
Johns Michael M - - 2004
Preservation of the vocal fold cover during laryngeal surgery should optimize vocal outcomes for patients with benign glottal lesions. The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in the quality of life, perceptual voice evaluation, and acoustic and aerodynamic measures of patients before and after endoscopic laryngeal microsurgery for ...
Joshua Benzion - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Laryngeal obstruction due to bilateral vocal cord immobility in adduction may cause dyspnea, hoarseness and dysphagia and can lead to dependence on a tracheostomy. Treatment poses a challenge because of the opposing functions of the larynx and the risk of neck and laryngeal tissue damage. OBJECTIVES: To describe our ...
Stiglmayer Neda - - 2004
Long-term results achieved by our own operative technique in children with congenital dystrophic ptosis, with frontal muscle lobe shaping with or without shaping of corrugator muscle lobe attached to the tarsal plate, are presented. Data on 146 patients with congenital dystrophic ptosis operated on during the 1984-1998 period at Zagreb ...
Donaldson Mark J - - 2004
PURPOSE: To review the results and techniques of surgical treatment of consecutive exotropia. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of all patients who underwent surgery for consecutive exotropia in a pediatric ophthalmology practice between 1992 and 2001. Patients were excluded if follow-up lasted < 6 weeks or if exotropia ...
Niechajev Igor - - 2004
Transpalpebral browpexy could be performed as an adjuvant procedure to the upper blepharoplasty or as a separate procedure. It is done by separating interdigitalizing connections between the orbicularis and frontalis muscles, moving the orbicular part of the orbicularis muscle with overlying brow to the more cephalad position and again uniting ...
Bothun Erick D - - 2004
PURPOSE: This study analyzes the outcomes after unilateral inferior oblique anterior transposition (IOAT) for manifest dissociated vertical deviation (DVD). METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted for all patients who had unilateral or markedly asymmetric DVD, ipsilateral overaction of the inferior oblique muscle, lack of alternating fixation, and underwent unilateral ...
Cahill Louise M - - 2004
Laryngeal and tongue function was assessed in 28 patients to evaluate the presence, nature, and resolution of superior recurrent laryngeal and hypoglossal nerve damage resulting from standard open primary carotid endarterectomy (CEA). The laryngeal and tongue function in 28 patients who underwent CEA were examined prospectively with various physiologic (Aerophone ...
Luna-Ortiz Kuauhyama - - 2004
This study assessed the functional results in patients treated primarily through supracricoid partial laryngectomy (SCPL) with cricohyoidoepiglottopexy (CHEP). Fifteen patients with a diagnosis of epidermoid carcinoma of the glottis region admitted to the Instituto Nacional de Cancerología (México) between June 2001 and September 2002 were studied. Three patients were at ...
Maamoun Sherif I - - 2004
PURPOSE: Creation of a tunneled mucosal shunt between the trachea and pharynx that is controlled by remaining intrinsic laryngeal musculature with its nerve supply is an acceptable voice restoration procedure for advanced T3 and T4 laryngeal cancer. Such a tunnel will allow unilateral direction of air from lung to pharynx ...
Mehta P - - 2004
To assess the functional results and complications of Mersilene (polyester) mesh frontalis sling suspension to correct poor levator function ptosis. Retrospective case series. 32 eyelids of 20 patients (12 children and eight adults). Follow up 1-69 months (mean 32). eight patients had bilateral and four unilateral surgery (20 eyelids). Good ...
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