Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 881
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Soolsma Jessica - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To assess the long-term results of the Provox ActiValve, a prosthesis for voice rehabilitation after total laryngectomy that was designed to lessen the need for frequent replacements caused by Candida and "underpressure." PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective assessment of device lifetime, indications for replacement, voice quality, and maintenance issues, measured ...
Nelson Bradley A - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of surgical correction of strabismus on psychosocial parameters in teenagers and adults with a history of childhood-onset strabismus. METHODS: Consecutive patients older than 15 years of age who underwent strabismus surgery between 1997 and 2002 were contacted to complete a telephone questionnaire about their preoperative ...
Wu Chien-Hsiu - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate proptosis reduction by fat-removal orbital decompression (FROD), to determine the incidence of postoperative diplopia, and to assess predictability of proptosis reduction per volume of resected orbital fat. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: One hundred and twenty patients (31 men; 89 women) with Graves ophthalmopathy were treated with FROD ...
Techanivate Anchalee - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To assess whether Chula formula can predict the proper length of nasotracheal intubation. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This was a prospective study of 100 patients (50 males and 50 females) who underwent general anesthesia with nasotracheal intubation (number 8.0 for male and 7.0 for female) between December 2005 and March ...
Baldeschi Lelio - - 2008
PURPOSE: To investigate whether orbital irradiation influences the outcome of decompression surgery in Graves orbitopathy. DESIGN: Retrospective, comparative case series. METHODS: The medical records of all the patients with Graves orbitopathy treated with a three-wall orbital decompression through a coronal approach at our institution between January 1, 1990 and December ...
Lagorio Lisa A - - 2008
Traditionally, treatment of dysphagia and dysphonia has followed a specificity approach whereby treatment plans have focused on each dysfunction individually. Recently however, a therapeutic cross-system effect has been proposed between these two dysfunctions. At least one study has demonstrated swallowing improvement in subjects who completed a dysphonia treatment program. However, ...
Jung Jee Woong - - 2008
PURPOSE: We report 3 cases of unilateral blepharoptosis after orbital medial wall reconstruction and describe the cause and clinical outcome. METHODS: Observational case series. RESULTS: Three previously healthy patients underwent reconstruction for orbital medial wall fracture. All 3 patients had complete unilateral upper eyelid ptosis with no levator palpebrae superioris ...
Khan Arif O - - 2008
PURPOSE: To report the phenomenon of newly-noted binocular diplopia following vision improvement in patients with sensory strabismus secondary to keratoconus, and to document the effect of strabismus surgery on this diplopia. METHODS: Retrospective institutional case series [1982--2005] of records coded with keratoconus and strabismus. Keratoconus patients with visual acuity that ...
Lee Li-Ang - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Papillomas of the larynx include solitary laryngeal papilloma and recurrent respiratory papillomatosis. This study investigated the incidence of malignant transformation and assessed possible risk factors for laryngeal papillomas. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective, longitudinal study. METHODS: Twenty-six consecutive laryngeal papilloma patients were prospectively studied for 5 or more years, and ...
Chrobok Viktor - - 2008
The authors implemented medialization thyroplasty with a customized silicone implant in a total of 43 operations (36 patients) in 1999-2003. In 5 of these patients, the medialization thyroplasty was combined with cricothyroid subluxation (3 cases) or adduction of arytenoid cartilage (3 cases). One patient received medialization thyroplasty, cricothyroid subluxation and ...
Emre S - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of horizontal muscle surgery (recession or recession plus resection) on the anterior chamber parameters in patients after strabismus surgery. METHODS: The Scheimpflug of 18 eyes of 12 patients with horizontal deviations were recorded just before surgery and 1 month after surgery. The power of anterior ...
Smith Ricardo J - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the surgical outcomes of auricular cartilage grafts to correct inferior fornix retraction and eyelid malposition in anophthalmic patients. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of consecutive anophthalmic patients whose posterior lamella was lengthened by an autogenous ear cartilage graft to correct inferior fornix retraction and eyelid malposition. ...
Akai Makoto M Racehorse Clinic, Ritto Training Center, Japan Racing Association, 2500-2 Mikoma, Ritto-shi, Shiga 520-3085, - - 2008
To assess the effect of human interferon-alpha (IFNα) on shipping fever of Thoroughbred racehorses subjected to long-distance transportation, an IFNα preparation was orally administered to 48 horses three times (once daily, 3 successive days) before transportation (IFNα group). In the control group (25 horses), maltose was administered in the same ...
Ortiz Steve - - 2008
PURPOSE: To review the presenting signs, therapeutic interventions, and clinical outcomes of purely ocular myasthenia gravis in a preadolescent population treated primarily with pyridostigmine bromide. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-one consecutive patients younger than 12 years with purely ocular myasthenia gravis at initial presentation. METHODS: The clinical charts were ...
Lueder Gregg T - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Some strabismus surgeons wait until the angle of deviation stabilizes prior to operating on patients with infantile esotropia. This study evaluated whether a preoperative increase in the angle of deviation affected surgical outcomes. METHODS: This was a retrospective comparative case series in which records of patients with infantile esotropia, ...
Saunders Richard A RA Department of Ophthalmology, Miles Center for Pediatric Ophthalmology Storm Eye Institute, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC 29425, USA. - - 2008
Early surgical treatment of early-onset intermittent exotropia is controversial. The condition does not always progress, and postoperative esotropia can produce adverse consequences, such as suppression, amblyopia, and loss of binocular vision, particularly stereopsis. It is not known whether surgery before age two years affects the sensory outcome. Using a noncomparative ...
Drover James R JR Retina Foundation of Southwest, Dallas, Texas 75231, USA. - - 2008
Infantile esotropia is associated with abnormal visual development and thus may delay the achievement of developmental milestones. Although early surgery can improve visual function, less is known about its effect on motor development. Here we address whether early surgery can improve motor development. Recently, our lab devised the Infant Developmental ...
Adams Wendy E WE Department of Ophthalmology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, - - 2008
To evaluate whether distance stereoacuity improves following surgery for intermittent exotropia using the Frisby Davis Distance (FD2) and Distance Randot stereotests. Eighteen patients (median age, 24 years; range, 5 to 68 years) with intermittent exotropia were prospectively enrolled. Stereoacuity was measured pre- and 6 weeks postoperatively using the FD2 and ...
Rowe F J - - 2009
AIM: There are numerous treatment options for intermittent distance exotropia. The aim of this study is to evaluate the use of overcorrecting minus lenses as a primary treatment option for intermittent distance exotropia (IDEX) and determine ocular alignment status after 5 years from commencement of the study. METHODS: Prospective nonrandomised ...
Prabhakaran Venkatesh C - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To present the clinical features and management in a series of patients with orbital and adnexal sarcoidosis. METHODS: This multicenter retrospective study included patients with biopsy-proven noncaseating granuloma involving the orbit or adnexa and evidence of systemic sarcoidosis. Clinical records were reviewed for initial examination findings, radiological findings, treatment ...
Rose Loreto V T - - 2007
PURPOSE: To document the presentation and management of congenital III nerve palsy and monocular elevation deficiency to single ophthalmologist over a 14-year period. Surgical management was reviewed and visual outcome was analysed. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted of all patients presenting during a period between 1992 and 2006 to ...
Sanuki Tetsuji - - 2007
OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: To assess the effectiveness of type II thyroplasty with a titanium bridge in adductor spasmodic dysphonia (AdSD). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review, patient response to a questionnaire on the ease of phonation and voice quality, and pre- and postoperative fiberoptic laryngoscope findings. SUBJECTS: Forty-one patients who underwent type II ...
Kim David W - - 2007
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Upper eyelid static weight loading is a technique commonly used to treat paralytic lagophthalmos. The traditional approach using the pretarsal crease incision leads to interruption of the anterior levator muscle fibers that attach to the face of the tarsus at its upper two thirds. This disruption can lead to ...
Jung Se-Hwan - - 2007
To investigate the clinical course in patients who underwent surgical correction of consecutive esotropia. The medical records of 13 patients who underwent surgical correction of consecutive esotropia were reviewed retrospectively. The authors investigated the deviation and surgical method at the time of exotropia surgery. During the follow up period, the ...
Sumathi P A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Postoperative sore throat, cough, and hoarseness of voice though minor sequelae after general tracheal anaesthesia can be distressing to the patient. METHODS: This prospective, randomized, double blind, controlled study compares the incidence of postoperative sore throat, cough, and hoarseness of voice after general tracheal anaesthesia when applying betamethasone gel ...
Ben Simon Guy J - - 2007
To evaluate the outcome of Müller's muscle-conjunctival resection (MMCR) for correction of upper eyelid ptosis and to explore the relationship between phenylephrine testing, muscle resection, and surgical outcome. Medical records were reviewed for all patients who underwent MMCR at the Jules Stein Eye Institute, Los Angeles, California, from January 1, ...
Ejzenbaum Fábio - - 2007
PURPOSE: To study the results of Carlson & Jampolsky technique in 31 patients with VI nerve palsy. METHODS: We had 23 unilateral and 8 bilateral cases. The mean unilateral preoperative esotropia was 56.8 PD +/- 24 PD (30 PD to 100 PD) and they had a mean postoperative follow-up of ...
Pinto José Antônio - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To obtain complete glottal closure, and evaluate improvement of vocal fold vibration amplitude and vocal quality in patients with sulcus vocalis. METHODS: Autogenous fat and/or fascia augmentation was used in 34 patients with sulcus vocalis. Mean follow-up time was 1 year. The perceptual acoustic and phonatory functions and videolaryngostroboscopic ...
Rosenberg David B - - 2007
To determine the position of the lower eyelid and lateral canthus after release of the lower eyelid retractors with the "inside-out technique" by measuring the marginal reflex distance 2 (MRD2) and using the lateral canthal rounding scale. Retrospective analysis. Of the 171 patients who underwent inside-out blepharoplasty, 78 were followed ...
Lee Seung Won - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Polyacrylamide hydrogel (PAAG, Aquamid) is widely used as permanent facial tissue filler during facial plastic surgery. In this study, we examined the long-term effects and safety aspects of PAAG as a vocal fold augmentation material for patients with permanent unilateral vocal cord paralysis. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical trials. METHODS: ...
Park Dae Hwan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The optimal surgical approach for blepharoptosis is dependent upon many factors, the most important being levator function. However, the preferred approach in severe blepharoptosis remains a matter of contention. METHODS: We investigated 130 patients with levator function between 2 and 4 mm who underwent corrective surgery for blepharoptosis between ...
Kazi Rehan - - 2008
PURPOSE: To conduct prospective electroglottographic analyses of voice outcomes after radical chemoradiotherapy for locally advanced laryngopharyngeal cancers and to compare them with patients who have undergone total laryngectomy (TL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-one patients (19 male, 2 female, median age [range] 65 [50-85] years) with Stage III/IV laryngopharyngeal cancer received ...
McCord Clinton D - - 2007
The ability to predict postoperative lid levels in ptosis surgery has been refined over the years, but there is no completely predictable formula with which to predict the final tension in the upper lid that determines the final upper lid level. A significant percentage of patients continue to require postoperative ...
Chun Bo Young - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate changes in ocular alignment in partially accommodative esotropic children age ranged from 3 to 8 years during occlusion therapy for amblyopia. METHODS: Angle measurements of twenty-two partially accommodative esotropic patients with moderate amblyopia were evaluated before and at 2 years after occlusion therapy. RESULTS: Mean deviation angle ...
Soylu Lutfi - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Voice changes following thyroidectomy is a rare form of morbidity not infrequently encountered. Injury to the recurrent laryngeal nerve or external branch of the superior laryngeal nerve is the most well-known cause of post-thyroidectomy voice disturbances. However, voice dysfunction is a more complex entity. The aim of the current ...
Goldberg Robert A - - 2007
PURPOSE: To report our preliminary experience utilizing a nonsurgical alternative in the treatment of lower eyelid retraction: expansion and reinforcement of the lower eyelid with hyaluronic acid gel. METHODS: Retrospective review of patients with lower eyelid retraction treated with hyaluronic acid gel. Pretreatment, post-treatment, and follow-up photographs were digitized and ...
Kim Hyoung-Seok - - 2007
To report the incidence and the factors of consecutive esotropia (ET) in patients with immediate postoperative overcorrection of at least 17 prism diopters (PD) after surgery for intermittent exotropia (X(T)). Four-hundred-five patients under the age of 18 were included in this study. They underwent bilateral lateral rectus recession (LROU-rec) or ...
Huang Wei-qing - - 2007
BACKGROUND: So far, most of the surgical techniques for congenital blepharophimosis syndrome are two-stage procedures. In this study, we investigated a modified one-stage procedure to reduce the suffering of patients. METHODS: From 2003 to 2005, we adopted an one-stage technique combining blepharoptosis correction with medial canthoplasty in 16 patients with ...
Koch Martina - - 2008
PURPOSE: The published dosage recommendations for the surgical correction of horizontal strabismus in non-myopic patients show large, unexplained differences. For patients with high myopia, the situation becomes even more complex because the increase in the size of the bulb also affects the geometry of the oculomotor muscles. In this study, ...
Tervonen Hanna - - 2007
OBJECT: In this paper, the authors investigate the effects of anterior cervical decompression (ACD) on swallowing and vocal function. METHODS: The study comprised 114 patients who underwent ACD. The early group (50 patients) was examined immediately pre- and postoperatively, and the late group (64 patients) was examined at only 3 ...
Page C - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Total thyroidectomy has become a routine surgical procedure. However, postoperative complications are not rare and can lead to voice disorders. AIM: To study voice quality after total thyroidectomy. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Prospective study over a period of 5 years in 395 surgical patients undergoing total thyroidectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ...
Rodríguez-Parra M J - - 2009
The aim of this study was the elaboration of a basic voice protocol to discover which combination of tests and measures (multidimensional evaluation) provide decisive and essential data for the diagnosis of voice pathology and its prognosis. Voices of 21 patients with dysphonia and 21 subjects in a control group ...
Hatt Sarah R SR Department of Ophthalmology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota, - - 2008
Assessing control is thought to be important in the management of intermittent exotropia, including the decision to perform surgery. The purpose of this study was to assess the presence and degree of any change in control occurring over the course of 1 day using a previously described 6-point clinic control ...
Dawson Emma L M - - 2007
The authors report the results of a retrospective review of patients who underwent nasal transposition of the vertical rectus muscles between 1997 and 2004. Eight patients were identified, 4 males and 4 females. There was an average age at surgery of 37 years, with a range from 8 to 79 ...
DeMartelaere Sheri L - - 2007
PURPOSE: To report the use of a modified frontalis suspension procedure for congenital ptosis patients with minimal to no levator function. METHODS: Retrospective, non-comparative case series of frontalis suspension by 2 surgeons over a 21-year period. RESULTS: Frontalis suspension with broad fascia fixation was performed on 48 eyelids of 25 ...
Yelken K - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of antituberculosis treatment on the voice quality of laryngeal tuberculosis patients, measured by patient self-assessment, perceptual analysis and acoustic analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 14 laryngeal tuberculosis patients were enrolled. Laryngeal tuberculosis was established either by biopsy and histopathological examination or by rapid ...
Cefle, Ay┼če
Localized laryngeal amyloidosis is an uncommon diease with limited long-term follow-up studies. The precise etiology and pathogenesis are not entirely clear. We present a case of localized laryngeal amyloidosis. 35 years old man suffered from hoarseness during the last six months. Laryngoscopic examination showed nodular infiltration of bilateral vocal cords. ...
Xu Wen - - 2007
CONCLUSIONS: With the cover layer injured, vocal function of mucosal ablation could be protected and even return to normal after surgery and vocal function of mucosal stripping was slightly affected with extensive mucosal injury. Once the body layer was injured, the compensatory mechanism would play an important role in phonation. ...
Bolzoni Villaret Andrea - - 2007
Treatment of glottic cancer by CO(2) laser endoscopic cordectomies can be associated with poor vocal outcome when the excision is extended beyond the superficial part of the thyro-arytenoid muscle. Different phonosugical techniques have been described in order to improve postoperative vocal outcome in patients undergoing this type of surgery. We ...
Piazza Cesare - - 2007
Major glottic incompetence is often encountered after total (Type IV) and extended (Type V) cordectomies and is responsible for poor vocal outcome. Even though the vast majority of patients do not complain of significant limitations in daily life, a selected number of them eventually require some sort of phonosurgical treatment ...
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