Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 866
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Lueder Gregg T - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Some strabismus surgeons wait until the angle of deviation stabilizes prior to operating on patients with infantile esotropia. This study evaluated whether a preoperative increase in the angle of deviation affected surgical outcomes. METHODS: This was a retrospective comparative case series in which records of patients with infantile esotropia, ...
Saunders Richard A - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Early surgical treatment of early-onset intermittent exotropia is controversial. The condition does not always progress, and postoperative esotropia can produce adverse consequences, such as suppression, amblyopia, and loss of binocular vision, particularly stereopsis. It is not known whether surgery before age two years affects the sensory outcome. METHODS: Using ...
Drover James R - - 2008
Infantile esotropia is associated with abnormal visual development and thus may delay the achievement of developmental milestones. Although early surgery can improve visual function, less is known about its effect on motor development. Here we address whether early surgery can improve motor development. Recently, our lab devised the Infant Developmental ...
Rowe F J - - 2009
AIM: There are numerous treatment options for intermittent distance exotropia. The aim of this study is to evaluate the use of overcorrecting minus lenses as a primary treatment option for intermittent distance exotropia (IDEX) and determine ocular alignment status after 5 years from commencement of the study. METHODS: Prospective nonrandomised ...
Prabhakaran Venkatesh C - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To present the clinical features and management in a series of patients with orbital and adnexal sarcoidosis. METHODS: This multicenter retrospective study included patients with biopsy-proven noncaseating granuloma involving the orbit or adnexa and evidence of systemic sarcoidosis. Clinical records were reviewed for initial examination findings, radiological findings, treatment ...
Rose Loreto V T - - 2007
PURPOSE: To document the presentation and management of congenital III nerve palsy and monocular elevation deficiency to single ophthalmologist over a 14-year period. Surgical management was reviewed and visual outcome was analysed. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted of all patients presenting during a period between 1992 and 2006 to ...
Sanuki Tetsuji - - 2007
OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: To assess the effectiveness of type II thyroplasty with a titanium bridge in adductor spasmodic dysphonia (AdSD). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review, patient response to a questionnaire on the ease of phonation and voice quality, and pre- and postoperative fiberoptic laryngoscope findings. SUBJECTS: Forty-one patients who underwent type II ...
Kim David W - - 2007
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Upper eyelid static weight loading is a technique commonly used to treat paralytic lagophthalmos. The traditional approach using the pretarsal crease incision leads to interruption of the anterior levator muscle fibers that attach to the face of the tarsus at its upper two thirds. This disruption can lead to ...
Jung Se-Hwan - - 2007
To investigate the clinical course in patients who underwent surgical correction of consecutive esotropia. The medical records of 13 patients who underwent surgical correction of consecutive esotropia were reviewed retrospectively. The authors investigated the deviation and surgical method at the time of exotropia surgery. During the follow up period, the ...
Sumathi P A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Postoperative sore throat, cough, and hoarseness of voice though minor sequelae after general tracheal anaesthesia can be distressing to the patient. METHODS: This prospective, randomized, double blind, controlled study compares the incidence of postoperative sore throat, cough, and hoarseness of voice after general tracheal anaesthesia when applying betamethasone gel ...
Ben Simon Guy J - - 2007
To evaluate the outcome of Müller's muscle-conjunctival resection (MMCR) for correction of upper eyelid ptosis and to explore the relationship between phenylephrine testing, muscle resection, and surgical outcome. Medical records were reviewed for all patients who underwent MMCR at the Jules Stein Eye Institute, Los Angeles, California, from January 1, ...
Ejzenbaum Fábio - - 2007
PURPOSE: To study the results of Carlson & Jampolsky technique in 31 patients with VI nerve palsy. METHODS: We had 23 unilateral and 8 bilateral cases. The mean unilateral preoperative esotropia was 56.8 PD +/- 24 PD (30 PD to 100 PD) and they had a mean postoperative follow-up of ...
Pinto José Antônio - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To obtain complete glottal closure, and evaluate improvement of vocal fold vibration amplitude and vocal quality in patients with sulcus vocalis. METHODS: Autogenous fat and/or fascia augmentation was used in 34 patients with sulcus vocalis. Mean follow-up time was 1 year. The perceptual acoustic and phonatory functions and videolaryngostroboscopic ...
Rosenberg David B - - 2007
To determine the position of the lower eyelid and lateral canthus after release of the lower eyelid retractors with the "inside-out technique" by measuring the marginal reflex distance 2 (MRD2) and using the lateral canthal rounding scale. Retrospective analysis. Of the 171 patients who underwent inside-out blepharoplasty, 78 were followed ...
Lee Seung Won - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Polyacrylamide hydrogel (PAAG, Aquamid) is widely used as permanent facial tissue filler during facial plastic surgery. In this study, we examined the long-term effects and safety aspects of PAAG as a vocal fold augmentation material for patients with permanent unilateral vocal cord paralysis. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical trials. METHODS: ...
Park Dae Hwan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The optimal surgical approach for blepharoptosis is dependent upon many factors, the most important being levator function. However, the preferred approach in severe blepharoptosis remains a matter of contention. METHODS: We investigated 130 patients with levator function between 2 and 4 mm who underwent corrective surgery for blepharoptosis between ...
Kazi Rehan - - 2008
PURPOSE: To conduct prospective electroglottographic analyses of voice outcomes after radical chemoradiotherapy for locally advanced laryngopharyngeal cancers and to compare them with patients who have undergone total laryngectomy (TL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-one patients (19 male, 2 female, median age [range] 65 [50-85] years) with Stage III/IV laryngopharyngeal cancer received ...
McCord Clinton D - - 2007
The ability to predict postoperative lid levels in ptosis surgery has been refined over the years, but there is no completely predictable formula with which to predict the final tension in the upper lid that determines the final upper lid level. A significant percentage of patients continue to require postoperative ...
Chun Bo Young - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate changes in ocular alignment in partially accommodative esotropic children age ranged from 3 to 8 years during occlusion therapy for amblyopia. METHODS: Angle measurements of twenty-two partially accommodative esotropic patients with moderate amblyopia were evaluated before and at 2 years after occlusion therapy. RESULTS: Mean deviation angle ...
Soylu Lutfi - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Voice changes following thyroidectomy is a rare form of morbidity not infrequently encountered. Injury to the recurrent laryngeal nerve or external branch of the superior laryngeal nerve is the most well-known cause of post-thyroidectomy voice disturbances. However, voice dysfunction is a more complex entity. The aim of the current ...
Goldberg Robert A - - 2007
PURPOSE: To report our preliminary experience utilizing a nonsurgical alternative in the treatment of lower eyelid retraction: expansion and reinforcement of the lower eyelid with hyaluronic acid gel. METHODS: Retrospective review of patients with lower eyelid retraction treated with hyaluronic acid gel. Pretreatment, post-treatment, and follow-up photographs were digitized and ...
Kim Hyoung-Seok - - 2007
To report the incidence and the factors of consecutive esotropia (ET) in patients with immediate postoperative overcorrection of at least 17 prism diopters (PD) after surgery for intermittent exotropia (X(T)). Four-hundred-five patients under the age of 18 were included in this study. They underwent bilateral lateral rectus recession (LROU-rec) or ...
Huang Wei-qing - - 2007
BACKGROUND: So far, most of the surgical techniques for congenital blepharophimosis syndrome are two-stage procedures. In this study, we investigated a modified one-stage procedure to reduce the suffering of patients. METHODS: From 2003 to 2005, we adopted an one-stage technique combining blepharoptosis correction with medial canthoplasty in 16 patients with ...
Koch Martina - - 2008
PURPOSE: The published dosage recommendations for the surgical correction of horizontal strabismus in non-myopic patients show large, unexplained differences. For patients with high myopia, the situation becomes even more complex because the increase in the size of the bulb also affects the geometry of the oculomotor muscles. In this study, ...
Tervonen Hanna - - 2007
OBJECT: In this paper, the authors investigate the effects of anterior cervical decompression (ACD) on swallowing and vocal function. METHODS: The study comprised 114 patients who underwent ACD. The early group (50 patients) was examined immediately pre- and postoperatively, and the late group (64 patients) was examined at only 3 ...
Page C - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Total thyroidectomy has become a routine surgical procedure. However, postoperative complications are not rare and can lead to voice disorders. AIM: To study voice quality after total thyroidectomy. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Prospective study over a period of 5 years in 395 surgical patients undergoing total thyroidectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ...
Rodríguez-Parra M J - - 2009
The aim of this study was the elaboration of a basic voice protocol to discover which combination of tests and measures (multidimensional evaluation) provide decisive and essential data for the diagnosis of voice pathology and its prognosis. Voices of 21 patients with dysphonia and 21 subjects in a control group ...
Hatt Sarah R - - 2008
Assessing control is thought to be important in the management of intermittent exotropia, including the decision to perform surgery. The purpose of this study was to assess the presence and degree of any change in control occurring over the course of 1 day using a previously described 6-point clinic control ...
Dawson Emma L M - - 2007
The authors report the results of a retrospective review of patients who underwent nasal transposition of the vertical rectus muscles between 1997 and 2004. Eight patients were identified, 4 males and 4 females. There was an average age at surgery of 37 years, with a range from 8 to 79 ...
DeMartelaere Sheri L - - 2007
PURPOSE: To report the use of a modified frontalis suspension procedure for congenital ptosis patients with minimal to no levator function. METHODS: Retrospective, non-comparative case series of frontalis suspension by 2 surgeons over a 21-year period. RESULTS: Frontalis suspension with broad fascia fixation was performed on 48 eyelids of 25 ...
Yelken K - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of antituberculosis treatment on the voice quality of laryngeal tuberculosis patients, measured by patient self-assessment, perceptual analysis and acoustic analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 14 laryngeal tuberculosis patients were enrolled. Laryngeal tuberculosis was established either by biopsy and histopathological examination or by rapid ...
Cefle, Ay┼če
Localized laryngeal amyloidosis is an uncommon diease with limited long-term follow-up studies. The precise etiology and pathogenesis are not entirely clear. We present a case of localized laryngeal amyloidosis. 35 years old man suffered from hoarseness during the last six months. Laryngoscopic examination showed nodular infiltration of bilateral vocal cords. ...
Xu Wen - - 2007
CONCLUSIONS: With the cover layer injured, vocal function of mucosal ablation could be protected and even return to normal after surgery and vocal function of mucosal stripping was slightly affected with extensive mucosal injury. Once the body layer was injured, the compensatory mechanism would play an important role in phonation. ...
Bolzoni Villaret Andrea - - 2007
Treatment of glottic cancer by CO(2) laser endoscopic cordectomies can be associated with poor vocal outcome when the excision is extended beyond the superficial part of the thyro-arytenoid muscle. Different phonosugical techniques have been described in order to improve postoperative vocal outcome in patients undergoing this type of surgery. We ...
Piazza Cesare - - 2007
Major glottic incompetence is often encountered after total (Type IV) and extended (Type V) cordectomies and is responsible for poor vocal outcome. Even though the vast majority of patients do not complain of significant limitations in daily life, a selected number of them eventually require some sort of phonosurgical treatment ...
Dagli M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of therapeutic intervention in patients with mutational falsetto, by applying perceptual and acoustic analysis before and after voice therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-five consecutive patients with mutational falsetto were studied retrospectively. Acoustic analysis (i.e. fundamental frequency, jitter, shimmer, and ...
Netto Irene de Pedro Ide - - 2007
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Intraoperative nerve monitoring has emerged as a valuable tool to facilitate recurrent laryngeal nerve identification during thyroid surgery, thereby avoiding its injury. The aim was to evaluate vocal fold mobility in patients who underwent thyroidectomy with intraoperative nerve monitoring. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cohort formed by a consecutive ...
Fiorelli Vanessa Macedo Batista - - 2007
PURPOSE: To compare the results between recession of the lateral recti and monocular recess-resect procedure for the correction of the basic type of intermittent exotropia. METHODS: 115 patients with intermittent exotropia were submitted to surgery. The patients were divided into 4 groups, according to the magnitude of preoperative deviation and ...
Bagheri Abbas - - 2007
PURPOSE: To compare the results of 2 methods of upper eyelid sling placement with autogenous fascia lata in the treatment of congenital ptosis. METHODS: In a randomized clinical trial, patients with congenital upper eyelid ptosis and poor levator function (<4 mm) were randomly assigned to either of 2 methods of ...
Shindo Maisie - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare the incidence of postoperative vocal cord paresis or paralysis in a cohort of patients who underwent thyroidectomy with and without continuous recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) monitoring by a single senior surgeon. We hypothesize that continuous RLN monitoring reduces the rate of nerve injury during thyroidectomy DESIGN: Retrospective ...
Mocan Mehmet C - - 2007
PURPOSE: To compare the outcomes of 2 techniques of permanent tarsorrhaphy. METHODS: The clinical records of 30 patients who underwent tarsorrhaphy at a single university-based hospital clinic were reviewed. Patients underwent permanent tarsorrhaphy because they had a nonresolving facial palsy, neurotrophic keratopathy unresponsive to medical treatment, or both. Permanent tarsorrhaphies ...
Nucci Paolo - - 2007
PURPOSE: To report the outcome of unilateral lateral rectus resection for treatment of small-angle residual esotropia following bilateral medial rectus muscle recession. METHODS: A retrospective medical record review was performed for all patients who had undergone bilateral medial rectus muscle recession for congenital esotropia prior to 6 years of age ...
Dawson Emma - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Scott described a method of achieving the effect of a posterior fixation procedure by combining resection and recession of a rectus muscle, while maintaining the ability to adjust primary position alignment with adjustable sutures. METHODS: A retrospective review of combined recession-resection procedures on rectus muscles between 1998 and 2002 ...
Asjes-Tydeman W L - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare the postoperative alignment and sensory functions in patients with primary exotropia who had been operated at an early age (< 7 years) with those in patients who had been operated at an older age (> 7 years). METHODS: In a consecutive retrospective cohort study, 112 patients who ...
Kothari Mihir - - 2007
PURPOSE: To describe the clinical characteristics of spontaneous, late-onset comitant acute, nonaccommodative esotropia (ANAET) in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical characteristics of a cohort of patients under 16 years of age with ANAET were studied retrospectively. RESULTS: Of 15 patients eight were females. Mean age was 7.15 years (range 2.5-13, ...
Takahashi Yasuhiro - - 2007
PURPOSE: To examine relationships between intraoperative and postoperative eyelid heights in relation to patient postures in blepharoptosis surgery. METHODS: Thirty eyelids in 15 patients with bilateral aponeurotic ptosis were selected. The margin reflex distance-1 (MRD-1) was measured with the patients in the sitting position preoperatively, intraoperatively, and in the postoperative ...
Mocan Mehmet C - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical characteristics and surgical outcomes of medial rectus (MR) recessions in patients with Graves' ophthalmopathy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The clinical records of 32 patients with Graves' ophthalmopathy who underwent MR recessions with adjustable sutures for restrictive esotropia were reviewed. The clinical characteristics of patients, the size ...
Edwards John - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Acquired anterior glottic webs occur most commonly after endoscopic resection of laryngeal papilloma involving the anterior vocal folds. Treatment of anterior glottic webs has included a tracheotomy with laryngofissure and placement of a laryngeal stent or keel. We have used an endoscopic technique of web lysis and placement of ...
Murray Anthony David Neil - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Most studies of infantile esotropia concern patients diagnosed in infancy and treated throughout childhood. This prospective study addresses changes in the functional binocular status of older children and adults with previously untreated infantile esotropia, following late surgical realignment. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Seventeen patients aged 8 years or more with ...
Hartnick Christopher J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To report preliminary results regarding the safety and efficacy of the 585-nm pulsed-dye laser (PDL) for the treatment of juvenile-onset recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (JORRP) in the pediatric population. DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal cohort study. SETTING: Two pediatric otolaryngology referral centers. PATIENTS: Twenty-three pediatric patients ranging in age from 6 months ...
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