Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 864
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Mojon Daniel S - - 2009
To present a novel, minimally invasive strabismus surgery (MISS) technique for inferior obliquus recessions. Graded MISS inferior obliquus recessions were performed in 20 eyes of 15 patients by applying two small conjunctival cuts, one at the insertion of inferior obliquus and another where the scleral anchoring of the muscle occurred. ...
Albirmawy O A - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The tracheoesophageal puncture technique of voice restoration enables successful voice rehabilitation after total laryngectomy. Because post-operative voice quality can vary significantly, depending on which type of hypopharyngeal repair is chosen, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of such repair on tracheoesophageal puncture voice after total ...
Awadein Ahmed - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the success rate of adjustable suture techniques in horizontal eye muscle surgery in children aged 10 years and younger. METHODS: A retrospective review of children who had horizontal eye muscle surgery at or before the age of 10 years. Patients were divided into 1 of 2 groups ...
Ekdawi Noha S - - 2009
To describe the long-term surgical outcomes in a population-based cohort of children with intermittent exotropia. The medical records of all children (<19 years) who were diagnosed with intermittent exotropia as residents of Olmsted County Minnesota, from January 1, 1975, through December 31, 1994, and managed with surgery were retrospectively reviewed. ...
Mortensen Melissa M - - 2008
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Dysphonia due to vocal fold scarring is a challenging problem to the laryngologist. Vocal fold scarring after radiation, phonosurgery, and laser cordectomy causes moderate to severe dysphonia. Surgical attempts at scar removal and voice restoration have limited success. Pulsed dye laser (PDL) treatment has been shown to be effective ...
Dinges Warren L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Long-term antiretroviral therapy (ART) is associated with lipodystrophy, peripheral neuropathy, lactic acidosis, and myopathy. Blepharoptosis, without prior ART association, is usually caused by age-associated involutional ptosis, but it is also seen in mitochondrial myopathies with external ophthalmoplegia, cardiac conduction disturbances, and neurological impairments. METHODS: Patients presented over a 2-year ...
Mojon D S - - 2008
To study if minimally invasive strabismus surgery (MISS) is suitable for rectus muscle reoperations. The study presents a series of consecutive patients operated on by the same surgeon at Kantonsspital St Gallen, Switzerland with a novel MISS rectus muscle reoperation technique. Surgery is done by applying two small radial cuts ...
Park Hye Jin - - 2008
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical course of esodeviation after exotropia surgery in older patients (older than 15 years) and to compare it with that in younger patients (15 years or younger). METHODS: The medical records of all surgeries for exodeviation from December 2004 to ...
Hagemann Matthias - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Injuries of the recurrent laryngeal nerve with consecutive vocal cord paralysis is a typical complication in chest, esophageal, thyroideal, and neck surgery. Glottic insufficiency secondary to such a lesion can be treated by endolaryngeal vocal cord augmentation (injection laryngoplasty). Many different substances have been used, often showing complications or ...
Kim J W - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To determine the incidence, clinical presentation and histopathological profile of patients developing orbital recurrence following enucleation for retinoblastoma. METHODS: A cohort of 1674 consecutive patients undergoing enucleations between 1914 and 2006 was retrospectively reviewed to identify cases of orbital recurrence. A detailed chart review of all identified patients with ...
Alam Daniel S - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Laryngectomy with primary closure and tracheoesophageal prosthesis (TEP) voice rehabilitation has been the mainstay of the management of patients with advanced laryngeal malignancy. When adequate mucosal tissue is not available, pharyngeal reconstruction with free flaps can be utilized. The speech outcomes of these patients have been traditionally considered inferior ...
Isenberg S J - - 2009
AIM: To measure the drift of ocular alignment following strabismus surgery utilising adjustable sutures. METHODS: 106 patients, aged 12 to 84 years, underwent adjustable suture strabismus surgery with a follow-up of 0.5-4 years (mean 24.3 months). RESULTS: For all subjects measured on distant fixation, there was a mean undercorrection drift ...
de-la-Torre A - - 2009
To evaluate the incidence and clinical features of patients with ocular toxoplasmosis in a Colombian cohort. We collected prospectively the clinical features of patients with ocular toxoplasmosis seen at the 'Universidad del Quindio' health centre between September 2005 and September 2007 (24 months). Seventy patients were included in the analysis ...
Moody Marcus W - - 2008
To determine whether superficial musculoaponeurotic system (SMAS) graft implantation can improve the appearance of the nasolabial fold. Single-blinded cohort study in a private facial plastic surgery practice. Treatment and control patients were selected from those presenting for aesthetic surgery. All patients underwent rhytidectomy with SMAS imbrication by a single surgeon. ...
Subramanian Prem S - - 2008
Traumatic strabismus may result from orbital or head injury (closed or open). Patients may have other complex injuries that delay diagnosis and treatment. Twelve consecutive adult patients with persistent (> 3 month) strabismus after combat-related head, orbital, or eye trauma underwent strabismus surgery on one or both eyes. The main ...
Firat Yezdan - - 2009
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of intranasal estrogen therapy on female vocal quality. Thirty-two women who had surgically induced menopause were included into the study group and examined through hall year for this study. Estrogen treatment was proposed to all of the patients. Twenty-three of ...
Suh Donny W - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the long-term surgical outcome of Brown syndrome using an intraoperative adjustable superior oblique (SO) tendon suture spacer. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. PARTICIPANTS: Thirteen patients with congenital unilateral Brown syndrome operated on at the Wolfe Eye Clinic from 2001 through 2007. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of consecutive patients managed ...
Rees Catherine J - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To review the clinical results of the thyrohyoid approach for in-office vocal fold augmentation with calcium hydroxyapatite. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. METHODS: The charts of all persons who underwent in-office thyrohyoid vocal fold augmentation between June 1, 2005 and June 1, 2007 were reviewed. Information with respect to ...
Kimura Miwako - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Dysphonia associated with vocal fold paralysis can persist even after successful medialization procedures, including arytenoid adduction. It is hypothesized that laryngeal collagen injection could improve phonation following arytenoid adduction in selected patients. Our objective was to evaluate how collagen injection could result in measurable improvements in vocal function and ...
Chun Ko-i - - 2008
PURPOSE: To compare the surgical outcomes between bilateral lateral rectus muscles (BLR) re-recession and bilateral medial rectus muscles (BMR) resection in recurrent exotropia. METHODS: The medical records of patients with recurrent exotropia who underwent surgery for intermittent exotropia during the 6 years from January 2001 to December 2006 and followed ...
Yang Chong-qing - - 2008
To investigate the time and postoperative binocular vision of strabismus surgery for children with intermittent exotropia (X(T)). A retrospective investigation was conducted in 80 child patients with intermittent exotropia. Pre- and postoperative angles of deviation fixating at near (33 cm) and distant targets (6 m) were measured with the prolonged ...
Roncevic Radmilo - - 2008
Conservative therapy in cases of severe thyroid ophthalmopathy has not given satisfactory results. Because of this, surgical treatment, that is, orbital decompression, is now being used with increasing frequency. Since the end of 1986 until the end of 2006, 103 patients with severe thyroid ophthalmopathy have been treated by personal ...
Lombardi Celestino P - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Voice and swallowing symptoms are frequently reported after thyroidectomy even in absence of objective voice alterations. We evaluated the influence of the video-assisted approach on voice and swallowing outcome of thyroidectomy. METHODS: Sixty-five patients undergoing total thyroidectomy (TT) were recruited. Eligibility criteria were: nodule size<or=30 mm, thyroid volume<or=30 ml, ...
Xu Fengzhi - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Melilotus extract has been used as a folk medicine in inflammation-related therapy. This study was undertaken to determine the potential benefits of this herbal extract in treating postoperative ecchymosis and edema after simultaneous rhinoplasty and blepharoplasty. METHODS: Augmentation rhinoplasty and double-eyelid blepharoplasty were performed in one procedure by the ...
Durand, Brittany Anne
The purpose of this study was to investigate voice audio perceptual outcomes and true vocal fold vibratory characteristics following surgery for removal of vocal fold polyp. The specific aims of this study were 1) to determine vocal fold vibratory changes following surgery and 2) to compare these changes to audio ...
Bray D - - 2008
Isshiki type one medialisation thyroplasty is an accepted treatment for a unilateral immobile vocal fold. It can also be performed simultaneously as a bilateral procedure in patients with severe bowing of the vocal folds (e.g. presbyphonia). The objectives of this study were to assess the incidence and timing of post-operative ...
Jacobs Kristien - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Leakage around the indwelling voice prosthesis is an annoying complication of tracheoesophageal speech. METHODS: Twenty patients, who experienced peripheral leakage of the tracheoesophageal fistula, were treated with a purse-string suture. Our aim was to get the patients free of leakage without losing their voice prosthesis. The technique was considered ...
Behrman Alison - - 2008
PURPOSE: To assess the effectiveness of vocal hygiene education (VHE) and voice production therapy (VP) in altering patient perception of vocal handicap in adult women with benign, bilateral phonotraumatic vocal fold lesions and the role of adherence in that perception. METHOD: Sixty-two women were randomly assigned to 6 weeks of ...
Stojadinovic Alexander - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Reliable voice grading systems to identify postoperative voice dysfunction by surgeons are needed. PURPOSE: To examine the utility of patient-reported and clinician-determined voice assessment in identifying postthyroidectomy voice dysfunction. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty patients enrolled in a prospective observational trial evaluating voice function perioperatively by patient-reported symptoms (Voice Case ...
Kim Hyung-Tae - - 2008
Conclusions. Office-based 585 nm pulsed dye laser (PDL) surgery appeared to be safe and effective. It can be considered as a treatment option for office-based vocal polyp removal. Objectives. A 585 nm PDL has been introduced to photocoagulate vascular lesions of the superficial layer of the lamina propria in the ...
Kassem Rehab R - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the value of prism adaptation in planning strabismus reoperations. METHODS: Of 15 patients with persistent strabismus, 9 underwent prism adaptation prior to strabismus reoperation and 6 underwent strabismus reoperation without preoperative prism adaptation. Corrective surgery was performed on the same or new muscles. Follow-up ranged from 3 ...
Bandyopadhyay Rakhi - - 2008
Monocular elevation deficiency (MED) is characterized by a unilateral defect in elevation, caused by paretic, restrictive or combined etiology. Treatment of this multifactorial entity is therefore varied. In this study, we performed different surgical procedures in patients of MED and evaluated their outcome, based on ocular alignment, improvement in elevation ...
Metten Miriam - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Recession of the inferior oblique muscle is a widely applied operation in the treatment of strabismus sursoadductorius. In this retrospective study, the dose-response relationship of this procedure was determined in order to improve surgical outcomes. In particular, the effect of an additional anteroposition of the operated muscle was analysed, ...
Graf Ruth M - - 2008
Endoscopic brow lift has become widely accepted as a method for rejuvenation of the upper third of the face, mainly to achieve eyebrow elevation. In this study, the authors quantified eyebrow elevation after videoendoscopic subperiosteal technique and followed up the heights of the eyebrows at different postoperative intervals. Seventy-two patients ...
Soolsma Jessica - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To assess the long-term results of the Provox ActiValve, a prosthesis for voice rehabilitation after total laryngectomy that was designed to lessen the need for frequent replacements caused by Candida and "underpressure." PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective assessment of device lifetime, indications for replacement, voice quality, and maintenance issues, measured ...
Nelson Bradley A - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of surgical correction of strabismus on psychosocial parameters in teenagers and adults with a history of childhood-onset strabismus. METHODS: Consecutive patients older than 15 years of age who underwent strabismus surgery between 1997 and 2002 were contacted to complete a telephone questionnaire about their preoperative ...
Wu Chien-Hsiu - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate proptosis reduction by fat-removal orbital decompression (FROD), to determine the incidence of postoperative diplopia, and to assess predictability of proptosis reduction per volume of resected orbital fat. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: One hundred and twenty patients (31 men; 89 women) with Graves ophthalmopathy were treated with FROD ...
Techanivate Anchalee - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To assess whether Chula formula can predict the proper length of nasotracheal intubation. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This was a prospective study of 100 patients (50 males and 50 females) who underwent general anesthesia with nasotracheal intubation (number 8.0 for male and 7.0 for female) between December 2005 and March ...
Baldeschi Lelio - - 2008
PURPOSE: To investigate whether orbital irradiation influences the outcome of decompression surgery in Graves orbitopathy. DESIGN: Retrospective, comparative case series. METHODS: The medical records of all the patients with Graves orbitopathy treated with a three-wall orbital decompression through a coronal approach at our institution between January 1, 1990 and December ...
Lagorio Lisa A - - 2008
Traditionally, treatment of dysphagia and dysphonia has followed a specificity approach whereby treatment plans have focused on each dysfunction individually. Recently however, a therapeutic cross-system effect has been proposed between these two dysfunctions. At least one study has demonstrated swallowing improvement in subjects who completed a dysphonia treatment program. However, ...
Jung Jee Woong - - 2008
PURPOSE: We report 3 cases of unilateral blepharoptosis after orbital medial wall reconstruction and describe the cause and clinical outcome. METHODS: Observational case series. RESULTS: Three previously healthy patients underwent reconstruction for orbital medial wall fracture. All 3 patients had complete unilateral upper eyelid ptosis with no levator palpebrae superioris ...
Khan Arif O - - 2008
PURPOSE: To report the phenomenon of newly-noted binocular diplopia following vision improvement in patients with sensory strabismus secondary to keratoconus, and to document the effect of strabismus surgery on this diplopia. METHODS: Retrospective institutional case series [1982--2005] of records coded with keratoconus and strabismus. Keratoconus patients with visual acuity that ...
Lee Li-Ang - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Papillomas of the larynx include solitary laryngeal papilloma and recurrent respiratory papillomatosis. This study investigated the incidence of malignant transformation and assessed possible risk factors for laryngeal papillomas. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective, longitudinal study. METHODS: Twenty-six consecutive laryngeal papilloma patients were prospectively studied for 5 or more years, and ...
Chrobok Viktor - - 2008
The authors implemented medialization thyroplasty with a customized silicone implant in a total of 43 operations (36 patients) in 1999-2003. In 5 of these patients, the medialization thyroplasty was combined with cricothyroid subluxation (3 cases) or adduction of arytenoid cartilage (3 cases). One patient received medialization thyroplasty, cricothyroid subluxation and ...
Emre S - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of horizontal muscle surgery (recession or recession plus resection) on the anterior chamber parameters in patients after strabismus surgery. METHODS: The Scheimpflug of 18 eyes of 12 patients with horizontal deviations were recorded just before surgery and 1 month after surgery. The power of anterior ...
Smith Ricardo J - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the surgical outcomes of auricular cartilage grafts to correct inferior fornix retraction and eyelid malposition in anophthalmic patients. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of consecutive anophthalmic patients whose posterior lamella was lengthened by an autogenous ear cartilage graft to correct inferior fornix retraction and eyelid malposition. ...
Ortiz Steve - - 2008
PURPOSE: To review the presenting signs, therapeutic interventions, and clinical outcomes of purely ocular myasthenia gravis in a preadolescent population treated primarily with pyridostigmine bromide. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-one consecutive patients younger than 12 years with purely ocular myasthenia gravis at initial presentation. METHODS: The clinical charts were ...
Adams Wendy E - - 2008
To evaluate whether distance stereoacuity improves following surgery for intermittent exotropia using the Frisby Davis Distance (FD2) and Distance Randot stereotests. Eighteen patients (median age, 24 years; range, 5 to 68 years) with intermittent exotropia were prospectively enrolled. Stereoacuity was measured pre- and 6 weeks postoperatively using the FD2 and ...
Lueder Gregg T - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Some strabismus surgeons wait until the angle of deviation stabilizes prior to operating on patients with infantile esotropia. This study evaluated whether a preoperative increase in the angle of deviation affected surgical outcomes. METHODS: This was a retrospective comparative case series in which records of patients with infantile esotropia, ...
Saunders Richard A - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Early surgical treatment of early-onset intermittent exotropia is controversial. The condition does not always progress, and postoperative esotropia can produce adverse consequences, such as suppression, amblyopia, and loss of binocular vision, particularly stereopsis. It is not known whether surgery before age two years affects the sensory outcome. METHODS: Using ...
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