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Results 251 - 300 of 880
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Han S B - - 2009
To assess the efficacy of prismatic correction of residual esotropia <or=20 prism dioptres (PD) after full hypermetropic correction in patients with partially accommodative esotropia. Medical records of 64 patients who received prismatic correction for residual esotropia </=20 PD were reviewed. Outcomes were considered successful if patients maintained orthotropia or esophoria ...
Bergamini G - - 2010
The objective of this study was to document functional results and to compare objective and subjective voice measures after endoscopic laryngoplasty with injection of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) for the treatment of unilateral vocal fold paralysis, and to verify PDMS biocompatibility in vocal fold. The design used was a longitudinal prospective study. ...
Morsomme D - - 2010
The objective of the study was to measure the subjective long-term effects of vocal therapy (more than 6 months) in 29 patients suffering from dysfunctional dysphonia. Four subjective measurements were used: one visual analog scale ranging from 0 (not efficient at all) to 100 (very efficient); one question "Is the ...
Hakkesteegt Marieke M - - 2010
The objective was to investigate the applicability of the Dysphonia Severity Index (DSI) and the Voice Handicap Index (VHI) in evaluating effects of intervention between groups of patients and for intrasubject differences and whether DSI and VHI are complementing measurements. Analyses of measurement data before and after intervention of 171 ...
Pineles Stacy L SL Jules Stein Eye Institute and Department of Ophthalmology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095-7002, - - 2009
Few data exist concerning postoperative drift in patients with intermittent exotropia who have coexistent A or V patterns. In addition, the impacts of pattern collapse and surgical method on postoperative drift have not been well addressed. We retrospectively reviewed the records of 132 patients who had surgery for intermittent exotropia ...
Vishwanath Mandagere - - 2009
This is a retrospective study of the outcome of all consecutive exotropia surgery performed between the years 1999 and 2007. Excluded were cases of slipped muscles, muscle transpositions, and concurrent cyclovertical procedures. A total of 135 patients of mean age 40 years (range 6-72) were operated with a mean preoperative ...
Siupsinskiene Nora - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To analyze vocal capabilities in patients diagnosed with reflux related dysphonia versus controls with healthy voice with selection of the most informative discriminating quantitative parameters and to assess voice changes following treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Six parameters of voice range profile (VRP) and five parameters of speech range profile ...
Babar Tariq Farooq - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the frequency and major risk factors of preseptal and orbital cellulitis. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional analytical study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The Khyber Institute of Ophthalmic Medical Sciences, Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar from July 2003 to December 2006. METHODOLOGY: All consecutive patients between ages 6 and ...
Shoshi Mire - - 2009
Strabismus is an eye deviation, when both eyes cannot be directed at the same time towards the object that is being viewed. Strabismus is observed in approximately 25% of children under 3 years of age, and in approximately 3% of all children. There were 77 patients involved in this study, ...
Tatham Andrew - - 2009
PURPOSE: To determine the outcome of immediate suture adjustment in adjustable suture strabismus surgery using a general anaesthetic technique. METHODS: Adjustable suture strabismus surgery was performed in 69 patients using a target-controlled infusion of propofol-remifentanil. Sutures were adjusted immediately following surgery and patient satisfaction and ocular alignment were assessed at ...
Sanuki Tetsuji - - 2008
Conclusion. The factors responsible for the observed failures can be broken into two major groups: (1) a wrong indication and (2) an inadequate technique to achieve relief from an excessively tight glottal closure. The use of a titanium bridge in place of a silicone shim was found to be essential. ...
Kakizaki Hirohiko - - 2008
The nomenclature of each part of the lacrimal canaliculus, for example the vertical portion, does not always reflect the true course. Since we have sometimes observed findings suggesting the so called vertical portion of the lower lacrimal canaliculus inclined laterally, we re-examined the course of the vertical portion. Twenty-eight postmortem ...
Chang Young-Suk - - 2008
We investigated the effect of muscle relaxants (atracurium) on the outcomes of intermittent exotropia surgery under general anesthesia, with a focus on resection procedures. Thirty four patients who underwent recession and resection (R&R) were divided into two groups: atracurium usage (group A, n=18) and no atracurium usage (group B, n=16). ...
Louwagie Curtis R CR Department of Ophthalmology, Mayo Clinic and Mayo Foundation, Rochester, Minnesota, - - 2009
To report the long-term outcomes of a population-based cohort of children diagnosed with congenital esotropia during a 30-year period. The medical records of all patients diagnosed with congenital esotropia as residents of Olmsted County, MN, from January 1, 1965, through December 31, 1994, were retrospectively reviewed. A total of 130 ...
Bakhos David - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aim of the retrospective study was to compare the indications, the postoperative outcomes, and the survival of the supracricoid laryngectomy with cricohyoidoepiglottopexy and the anterior frontal laryngectomy. METHOD: Nineteen patients who underwent cricohyoidoepiglottopexy (group I) and 23 patients who underwent reconstructive anterior frontal laryngectomy (group II) from January ...
Mojon Daniel S - - 2009
To present a novel, minimally invasive strabismus surgery (MISS) technique for inferior obliquus recessions. Graded MISS inferior obliquus recessions were performed in 20 eyes of 15 patients by applying two small conjunctival cuts, one at the insertion of inferior obliquus and another where the scleral anchoring of the muscle occurred. ...
Albirmawy O A - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The tracheoesophageal puncture technique of voice restoration enables successful voice rehabilitation after total laryngectomy. Because post-operative voice quality can vary significantly, depending on which type of hypopharyngeal repair is chosen, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of such repair on tracheoesophageal puncture voice after total ...
Awadein Ahmed - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the success rate of adjustable suture techniques in horizontal eye muscle surgery in children aged 10 years and younger. METHODS: A retrospective review of children who had horizontal eye muscle surgery at or before the age of 10 years. Patients were divided into 1 of 2 groups ...
Ekdawi Noha S NS Department of Ophthalmology, Mayo Clinic and Mayo Foundation, Rochester, Minnesota, - - 2009
To describe the long-term surgical outcomes in a population-based cohort of children with intermittent exotropia. The medical records of all children (<19 years) who were diagnosed with intermittent exotropia as residents of Olmsted County Minnesota, from January 1, 1975, through December 31, 1994, and managed with surgery were retrospectively reviewed. ...
Mortensen Melissa M - - 2008
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Dysphonia due to vocal fold scarring is a challenging problem to the laryngologist. Vocal fold scarring after radiation, phonosurgery, and laser cordectomy causes moderate to severe dysphonia. Surgical attempts at scar removal and voice restoration have limited success. Pulsed dye laser (PDL) treatment has been shown to be effective ...
Dinges Warren L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Long-term antiretroviral therapy (ART) is associated with lipodystrophy, peripheral neuropathy, lactic acidosis, and myopathy. Blepharoptosis, without prior ART association, is usually caused by age-associated involutional ptosis, but it is also seen in mitochondrial myopathies with external ophthalmoplegia, cardiac conduction disturbances, and neurological impairments. METHODS: Patients presented over a 2-year ...
Mojon D S - - 2008
To study if minimally invasive strabismus surgery (MISS) is suitable for rectus muscle reoperations. The study presents a series of consecutive patients operated on by the same surgeon at Kantonsspital St Gallen, Switzerland with a novel MISS rectus muscle reoperation technique. Surgery is done by applying two small radial cuts ...
Park Hye Jin - - 2008
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical course of esodeviation after exotropia surgery in older patients (older than 15 years) and to compare it with that in younger patients (15 years or younger). METHODS: The medical records of all surgeries for exodeviation from December 2004 to ...
Hagemann Matthias - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Injuries of the recurrent laryngeal nerve with consecutive vocal cord paralysis is a typical complication in chest, esophageal, thyroideal, and neck surgery. Glottic insufficiency secondary to such a lesion can be treated by endolaryngeal vocal cord augmentation (injection laryngoplasty). Many different substances have been used, often showing complications or ...
Kim J W - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To determine the incidence, clinical presentation and histopathological profile of patients developing orbital recurrence following enucleation for retinoblastoma. METHODS: A cohort of 1674 consecutive patients undergoing enucleations between 1914 and 2006 was retrospectively reviewed to identify cases of orbital recurrence. A detailed chart review of all identified patients with ...
Alam Daniel S - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Laryngectomy with primary closure and tracheoesophageal prosthesis (TEP) voice rehabilitation has been the mainstay of the management of patients with advanced laryngeal malignancy. When adequate mucosal tissue is not available, pharyngeal reconstruction with free flaps can be utilized. The speech outcomes of these patients have been traditionally considered inferior ...
Isenberg S J - - 2009
AIM: To measure the drift of ocular alignment following strabismus surgery utilising adjustable sutures. METHODS: 106 patients, aged 12 to 84 years, underwent adjustable suture strabismus surgery with a follow-up of 0.5-4 years (mean 24.3 months). RESULTS: For all subjects measured on distant fixation, there was a mean undercorrection drift ...
de-la-Torre A - - 2009
To evaluate the incidence and clinical features of patients with ocular toxoplasmosis in a Colombian cohort. We collected prospectively the clinical features of patients with ocular toxoplasmosis seen at the 'Universidad del Quindio' health centre between September 2005 and September 2007 (24 months). Seventy patients were included in the analysis ...
Moody Marcus W - - 2008
To determine whether superficial musculoaponeurotic system (SMAS) graft implantation can improve the appearance of the nasolabial fold. Single-blinded cohort study in a private facial plastic surgery practice. Treatment and control patients were selected from those presenting for aesthetic surgery. All patients underwent rhytidectomy with SMAS imbrication by a single surgeon. ...
Subramanian Prem S - - 2008
Traumatic strabismus may result from orbital or head injury (closed or open). Patients may have other complex injuries that delay diagnosis and treatment. Twelve consecutive adult patients with persistent (> 3 month) strabismus after combat-related head, orbital, or eye trauma underwent strabismus surgery on one or both eyes. The main ...
Firat Yezdan - - 2009
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of intranasal estrogen therapy on female vocal quality. Thirty-two women who had surgically induced menopause were included into the study group and examined through hall year for this study. Estrogen treatment was proposed to all of the patients. Twenty-three of ...
Suh Donny W - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the long-term surgical outcome of Brown syndrome using an intraoperative adjustable superior oblique (SO) tendon suture spacer. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. PARTICIPANTS: Thirteen patients with congenital unilateral Brown syndrome operated on at the Wolfe Eye Clinic from 2001 through 2007. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of consecutive patients managed ...
Rees Catherine J - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To review the clinical results of the thyrohyoid approach for in-office vocal fold augmentation with calcium hydroxyapatite. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. METHODS: The charts of all persons who underwent in-office thyrohyoid vocal fold augmentation between June 1, 2005 and June 1, 2007 were reviewed. Information with respect to ...
Kimura Miwako - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Dysphonia associated with vocal fold paralysis can persist even after successful medialization procedures, including arytenoid adduction. It is hypothesized that laryngeal collagen injection could improve phonation following arytenoid adduction in selected patients. Our objective was to evaluate how collagen injection could result in measurable improvements in vocal function and ...
Chun Ko-i - - 2008
PURPOSE: To compare the surgical outcomes between bilateral lateral rectus muscles (BLR) re-recession and bilateral medial rectus muscles (BMR) resection in recurrent exotropia. METHODS: The medical records of patients with recurrent exotropia who underwent surgery for intermittent exotropia during the 6 years from January 2001 to December 2006 and followed ...
Yang Chong-qing - - 2008
To investigate the time and postoperative binocular vision of strabismus surgery for children with intermittent exotropia (X(T)). A retrospective investigation was conducted in 80 child patients with intermittent exotropia. Pre- and postoperative angles of deviation fixating at near (33 cm) and distant targets (6 m) were measured with the prolonged ...
Roncevic Radmilo - - 2008
Conservative therapy in cases of severe thyroid ophthalmopathy has not given satisfactory results. Because of this, surgical treatment, that is, orbital decompression, is now being used with increasing frequency. Since the end of 1986 until the end of 2006, 103 patients with severe thyroid ophthalmopathy have been treated by personal ...
Lombardi Celestino P - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Voice and swallowing symptoms are frequently reported after thyroidectomy even in absence of objective voice alterations. We evaluated the influence of the video-assisted approach on voice and swallowing outcome of thyroidectomy. METHODS: Sixty-five patients undergoing total thyroidectomy (TT) were recruited. Eligibility criteria were: nodule size<or=30 mm, thyroid volume<or=30 ml, ...
Xu Fengzhi - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Melilotus extract has been used as a folk medicine in inflammation-related therapy. This study was undertaken to determine the potential benefits of this herbal extract in treating postoperative ecchymosis and edema after simultaneous rhinoplasty and blepharoplasty. METHODS: Augmentation rhinoplasty and double-eyelid blepharoplasty were performed in one procedure by the ...
Durand, Brittany Anne
The purpose of this study was to investigate voice audio perceptual outcomes and true vocal fold vibratory characteristics following surgery for removal of vocal fold polyp. The specific aims of this study were 1) to determine vocal fold vibratory changes following surgery and 2) to compare these changes to audio ...
Bray D - - 2008
Isshiki type one medialisation thyroplasty is an accepted treatment for a unilateral immobile vocal fold. It can also be performed simultaneously as a bilateral procedure in patients with severe bowing of the vocal folds (e.g. presbyphonia). The objectives of this study were to assess the incidence and timing of post-operative ...
Jacobs Kristien - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Leakage around the indwelling voice prosthesis is an annoying complication of tracheoesophageal speech. METHODS: Twenty patients, who experienced peripheral leakage of the tracheoesophageal fistula, were treated with a purse-string suture. Our aim was to get the patients free of leakage without losing their voice prosthesis. The technique was considered ...
Behrman Alison - - 2008
PURPOSE: To assess the effectiveness of vocal hygiene education (VHE) and voice production therapy (VP) in altering patient perception of vocal handicap in adult women with benign, bilateral phonotraumatic vocal fold lesions and the role of adherence in that perception. METHOD: Sixty-two women were randomly assigned to 6 weeks of ...
Stojadinovic Alexander - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Reliable voice grading systems to identify postoperative voice dysfunction by surgeons are needed. PURPOSE: To examine the utility of patient-reported and clinician-determined voice assessment in identifying postthyroidectomy voice dysfunction. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty patients enrolled in a prospective observational trial evaluating voice function perioperatively by patient-reported symptoms (Voice Case ...
Kim Hyung-Tae - - 2008
Conclusions. Office-based 585 nm pulsed dye laser (PDL) surgery appeared to be safe and effective. It can be considered as a treatment option for office-based vocal polyp removal. Objectives. A 585 nm PDL has been introduced to photocoagulate vascular lesions of the superficial layer of the lamina propria in the ...
Kassem Rehab R - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the value of prism adaptation in planning strabismus reoperations. METHODS: Of 15 patients with persistent strabismus, 9 underwent prism adaptation prior to strabismus reoperation and 6 underwent strabismus reoperation without preoperative prism adaptation. Corrective surgery was performed on the same or new muscles. Follow-up ranged from 3 ...
Bandyopadhyay Rakhi - - 2008
Monocular elevation deficiency (MED) is characterized by a unilateral defect in elevation, caused by paretic, restrictive or combined etiology. Treatment of this multifactorial entity is therefore varied. In this study, we performed different surgical procedures in patients of MED and evaluated their outcome, based on ocular alignment, improvement in elevation ...
Metten Miriam - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Recession of the inferior oblique muscle is a widely applied operation in the treatment of strabismus sursoadductorius. In this retrospective study, the dose-response relationship of this procedure was determined in order to improve surgical outcomes. In particular, the effect of an additional anteroposition of the operated muscle was analysed, ...
Soolsma Jessica - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To assess the long-term results of the Provox ActiValve, a prosthesis for voice rehabilitation after total laryngectomy that was designed to lessen the need for frequent replacements caused by Candida and "underpressure." PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective assessment of device lifetime, indications for replacement, voice quality, and maintenance issues, measured ...
Nelson Bradley A - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of surgical correction of strabismus on psychosocial parameters in teenagers and adults with a history of childhood-onset strabismus. METHODS: Consecutive patients older than 15 years of age who underwent strabismus surgery between 1997 and 2002 were contacted to complete a telephone questionnaire about their preoperative ...
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