Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 864
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Agarwal Swati - - 2009
PURPOSE: To report results of extraocular muscle surgery for superior oblique myokymia when medical treatment fails. METHODS: A retrospective review of 14 consecutive patients undergoing superior oblique tenectomy and inferior oblique myectomy between 1976 and 2008. RESULTS: The mean age of onset of symptoms was 35.4 +/- 12.6 years (range, ...
Heo Hwan - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of 10-mm tenectomy of the posterior fibers of the superior oblique (SO) tendon combined with dissection of the frenulum for correction of A-pattern deviation and vertical deviation with SO overaction. DESIGN: Retrospective, interventional case series. METHODS: Seventy-five patients with A-pattern strabismus associated with SO overaction ...
Lee Michael S Y - - 2009
The New Zealand (NZ) lizard fossil record is currently limited to late Quaternary remains of modern taxa. The St Bathans Fauna (early Miocene, southern South Island) extends this record to 19-16 million years ago (Myr ago). Skull and postcranial elements are similar to extant Oligosoma (Lygosominae) skinks and Hoplodactylus (Diplodactylinae) ...
Yüce Imdat - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of arytenoid resection on voice and swallowing function in patients who undergo supracricoid laryngectomy with cricohyoidopexy. STUDY DESIGN: A case series with chart review. According to the arytenoid number, patients were divided into two groups: 11 patients with two ...
- - 2009
To examine the effect of preoperative alignment stability on postoperative motor outcomes in children who underwent surgery for esotropia. One hundred sixty-seven subjects (68 with infantile esotropia and 99 with acquired esotropia) aged less than 6 years had surgery after completing 18 weeks of follow-up as part of an observational ...
Lee Min Joung - - 2009
PURPOSE: To determine the usefulness of slow-releasing all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) in polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)/polylactide-co-glycolide (PLGA) for delayed adjustable strabismus surgery. DESIGN: Animal study. METHODS: A prospective, masked-observer, controlled study was performed in 25 rabbits. Fifty rabbit eyes were divided randomly into three groups. After a recession of the superior rectus muscle, ...
Demirci Hakan - - 2009
To evaluate the use of a palpebral spring, a dynamic facial reanimation technique, in the management of lagophthalmos and exposure keratopathy secondary to facial nerve palsy. A palpebral spring was placed in 29 eyelids of 28 patients with symptomatic facial nerve palsy. Preoperative and postoperative symptoms, upper eyelid margin to ...
Hwang Kun - - 2009
The aim of this study is to determine the safety and complication of subciliary approach through the retrospective review of our experiences. From 2005 through 2008, the subciliary skin-muscle flap methods were used in 30 patients undergoing medial orbital wall reconstruction. Preoperative and postoperative ophthalmic findings including diplopia, Hertel exophthalmometry, ...
Joo Daekeun - - 2009
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To review the incidence and time course of recovery of vocal fold paralysis (VFP) in adult patients after cardiovascular surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of adults after cardiovascular surgery at a tertiary care academic medical center. METHODS: Patients with VFP after cardiovascular surgery were identified from a database ...
Viswanatha Borlingegowda - - 2009
A 36-year-old woman presented with a history of change in voice of 1 month's duration and difficulty swallowing and episodes of nasal regurgitation of 6 days' duration. Examination revealed paralysis of the right vocal fold and the right side of the soft palate. On further investigation, she was found to ...
Vashani K - - 2010
Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) with laryngopharyngeal reflux plays a significant role in voice disorders. A significant proportion of patients attending ear, nose, and throat clinics with voice disorders may have gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). There is no controlled study of the effect of voice therapy on GERD. We assessed the effect ...
Tezcaner Ciler Zahide - - 2009
The aim of this study was to analyze the efficiency of the voice therapy in children with vocal nodules by using the acoustic analysis and subjective assessment. Thirty-nine patients with vocal fold nodules, aged between 7 and 14, were included in the study. Each subject had voice therapy led by ...
Lau David P - - 2010
The objective was to determine if particle size affects durability of medialization in patients undergoing injection laryngoplasty (IL) with hyaluronic acid (HA) for unilateral vocal cord paralysis (UVCP). We hypothesized that large particle-size HA (LPHA) persists longer after injection to produce a more durable vocal result. The study design used ...
Mora Renzo - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in acoustic features of voice after septoplasty and to establish concepts of patient management and a rational therapeutic approach. MATERIAL/METHODS: Before and one month after surgery, phonetically balanced sentences and sustained vowels a, e, and i were recorded and digitalized ...
Dart Andrew - - 2009
To assess the effect of 1 or 2 laryngeal prosthetic sutures on rima glottidis areas in equine laryngeal specimens. Experimental, randomized design. Cadaveric equine larynges (n=16). Larynges were collected from 10 horses; 2 sutures each were preplaced in the right and left sides of each larynx. A dorsal suture (DS) ...
Schindler Antonio - - 2009
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS:: Supracricoid laryngectomies (SCL) are conservative surgical techniques for the treatment of selected laryngeal carcinomas, currently adopted also in old patients. Long-term functional results have not been reported in elderly patients. The aim of this study is to compare voice and swallowing in elderly and younger patients following SCL. STUDY ...
Yoon Jin Sook - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess long-term functional and cosmetic outcomes after frontalis suspension using fascia lata autografts for congenital ptosis in Asian children. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational case series. PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred thirty-nine patients who underwent frontalis suspension using fascia lata autografts from 1998 through 2006 with a minimum of 6 months of ...
van Dinther Joost J S - - 2009
Phonosurgery should lead to a better voice quality and a better quality of life. Only a few studies report outcome of phonosurgery in terms of stroboscopic, perceptual, aerodynamic, acoustic and self-rating data. The protocol as proposed by the European Laryngological Society (ELS; Dejonckere et al. in Arch Otorhinolaryngol 258:77-82, 2001) ...
Onesti Mariagiuseppina - - 2009
Fillers represent a field of aesthetic medicine under remarkable expansion. Over the past few years, in the USA, there has been a huge increase in the use of fillers, especially for hyaluronic acid (400% in 2004). The causes of this increase have been the greater tolerability of this reabsorbable filler ...
Koreen Irina V - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate the use of anterior lamellar recession with buccal mucous membrane grafting for treatment of cicatricial entropion. METHODS: A retrospective interventional case series of 26 patients (35 eyelids) who underwent anterior lamellar recession with buccal mucous membrane grafting for cicatricial entropion. RESULTS: Thirty-five eyelids of 26 patients were ...
Rosen Clark A - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the long-term effectiveness of calcium hydroxylapatite (CaHA) vocal fold injection for patients with glottal insufficiency. STUDY DESIGN: Multicenter, open-label, prospective clinical study of CaHA vocal fold injection. METHODS: Each patient served as his/her own control. Voice-related outcome measures were collected for pre-injection, 1, 3, 6, and 12 ...
Mora Renzo - - 2009
The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in acoustic features of speech and voice after uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) with the Harmonic Scalpel (HS), using the multidimensional voice program (MDVP) in conjunction with other tests. Before and 6 months after surgery, phonetically balanced sentences and sustained vowels a, e, i ...
Kazi Rehan A - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To use an electroglottography (EGG)-based videostroboscopy tool to assess the anatomical and morphologic characteristics of the pharyngoesophageal (PE) segment in tracheoesophageal (TO) speakers. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional cohort study. SUBJECTS: Fifty-two post-laryngectomy patients with no recurrence and using prosthetic (Blom-Singer) speech. INTERVENTION: An electroglottography (EGG)-based videostroboscopy tool EGG-based rigid videostroboscopy ...
Chaudhry Tanveer A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess gender differences and delay in presentation of childhood squint in a tertiary care hospital. METHODS: It was a series of children presenting with squint at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan. We retrospectively studied the cases presenting between February 2000 and July 2007. RESULTS: A total ...
Mortensen Melissa - - 2009
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: There continues to be controversy about the added role of arytenoid adduction (AA) in the rehabilitation of unilateral vocal cord paralysis (UVCP). Some authors feel that the added morbidity of AA is not warranted in UVCP rehabilitation. Objective analysis of acoustic and aerodynamic measures were performed before and after ...
Polling J-R - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Infantile esotropia, a common form of strabismus, is treated either by bilateral recession (BR) or by unilateral recession-resection (RR). Differences in degree of alignment achieved by these two procedures have not previously been examined in a randomised controlled trial. DESIGN: Controlled, randomised multicentre trial. SETTING: 12 university clinics. PARTICIPANTS ...
Chong K K L - - 2010
To assess surgical, visual, refractive, and aesthetic outcomes 13 years after mersilene mesh frontalis sling (MMFS) operation for severe unilateral congenital ptosis performed in 10 infants before 1 year of age. Longitudinal follow-up of an interventional case series by structured ocular examinations, external photographs, and questionnaire-based interviews. Mean age at ...
Krause Eike - - 2009
PURPOSE: Laryngectomized patients with pharyngoesophageal spasm frequently have poor voice quality and dysphagia. Local botulinum toxin A (BTA) injection can relieve muscular hypertonicity and improve symptoms. This procedure should also prolong the functional life span of the tracheoesophageal voice prosthesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study evaluates 33 BTA treatments in ...
Pratap Rohit - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis and treatment of unilateral vocal fold palsy is a common part of otolaryngology practice. In those patients in whom resolution of symptoms is slow, the resulting dysphonia can have a dramatic effect on the patient's quality of voice and life. We have previously described the procedure of ...
Chak Melanie - - 2009
PURPOSE: To report a method of rectangular 3-snip punctoplasty (2 vertical cuts at either side of the vertical canaliculus and 1 cut at the base). Outcomes are compared with the more conventional and anatomically destructive 3-snip triangular punctoplasty (1 cut at the vertical canaliculus, 1 cut at the horizontal canaliculus, ...
Fatima Tarannum - - 2009
We evaluated recovery of binocularity in 15 chronically strabismic, non-fusing (with neutralizing prisms) adults following successful surgical alignment. We included > or =12-year-olds, with best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) > or =20/60, and excluded those with: anisoacuity> 2 lines-Snellen; failed realignment judged by> 10 prism diopters (PD) horizontal and> 4 ...
Reijonen Petri - - 2009
The objective of this retrospective clinical review was to evaluate the long-term results of injection laryngoplasty with autologous fascia as a single, primary procedure in unilateral vocal fold paralysis. Forty-three patients who had undergone injection laryngoplasty between 1996 and 2003 entered the study. Clinical examination and videostroboscopy were performed and ...
Barbosa Marcus Vinicius Jardini - - 2010
The purpose of this study is to evaluate and compare the effect of the incision of the external oblique aponeurosis along the semilunaris in amount of tension present after the undermining of the anterior rectus sheaths. Forty fresh adult cadavers were studied and divided into two groups: group A (n=20) ...
Sterker I - - 2009
Intravenous glucocorticoids and orbital radiotherapy are effective treatments for moderate-to-severe and active Graves' orbitopathy. We examined the ophthalmological outcome in daily life activities, such as driving competency. In a retrospective case series, 23 patients with moderate-to-severe and active Graves' disease (14 women and 7 men) were consecutively treated with combined ...
Kang Nam Yeo - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to report the effect of combining the Kestenbaum procedure with posterior fixation suture for infantile horizontal nystagmus with anomalous head posture (AHP) in children. Nine consecutive patients who underwent combined Kestenbaum procedure plus posterior fixation suture to the recessed muscles at the same time ...
Han S B - - 2009
To assess the efficacy of prismatic correction of residual esotropia <or=20 prism dioptres (PD) after full hypermetropic correction in patients with partially accommodative esotropia. Medical records of 64 patients who received prismatic correction for residual esotropia </=20 PD were reviewed. Outcomes were considered successful if patients maintained orthotropia or esophoria ...
Bergamini G - - 2010
The objective of this study was to document functional results and to compare objective and subjective voice measures after endoscopic laryngoplasty with injection of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) for the treatment of unilateral vocal fold paralysis, and to verify PDMS biocompatibility in vocal fold. The design used was a longitudinal prospective study. ...
Morsomme D - - 2010
The objective of the study was to measure the subjective long-term effects of vocal therapy (more than 6 months) in 29 patients suffering from dysfunctional dysphonia. Four subjective measurements were used: one visual analog scale ranging from 0 (not efficient at all) to 100 (very efficient); one question "Is the ...
Hakkesteegt Marieke M - - 2010
The objective was to investigate the applicability of the Dysphonia Severity Index (DSI) and the Voice Handicap Index (VHI) in evaluating effects of intervention between groups of patients and for intrasubject differences and whether DSI and VHI are complementing measurements. Analyses of measurement data before and after intervention of 171 ...
Pineles Stacy L - - 2009
Few data exist concerning postoperative drift in patients with intermittent exotropia who have coexistent A or V patterns. In addition, the impacts of pattern collapse and surgical method on postoperative drift have not been well addressed. We retrospectively reviewed the records of 132 patients who had surgery for intermittent exotropia ...
Vishwanath Mandagere - - 2009
This is a retrospective study of the outcome of all consecutive exotropia surgery performed between the years 1999 and 2007. Excluded were cases of slipped muscles, muscle transpositions, and concurrent cyclovertical procedures. A total of 135 patients of mean age 40 years (range 6-72) were operated with a mean preoperative ...
Siupsinskiene Nora - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To analyze vocal capabilities in patients diagnosed with reflux related dysphonia versus controls with healthy voice with selection of the most informative discriminating quantitative parameters and to assess voice changes following treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Six parameters of voice range profile (VRP) and five parameters of speech range profile ...
Babar Tariq Farooq - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the frequency and major risk factors of preseptal and orbital cellulitis. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional analytical study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The Khyber Institute of Ophthalmic Medical Sciences, Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar from July 2003 to December 2006. METHODOLOGY: All consecutive patients between ages 6 and ...
Shoshi Mire - - 2009
Strabismus is an eye deviation, when both eyes cannot be directed at the same time towards the object that is being viewed. Strabismus is observed in approximately 25% of children under 3 years of age, and in approximately 3% of all children. There were 77 patients involved in this study, ...
Tatham Andrew - - 2009
PURPOSE: To determine the outcome of immediate suture adjustment in adjustable suture strabismus surgery using a general anaesthetic technique. METHODS: Adjustable suture strabismus surgery was performed in 69 patients using a target-controlled infusion of propofol-remifentanil. Sutures were adjusted immediately following surgery and patient satisfaction and ocular alignment were assessed at ...
Sanuki Tetsuji - - 2008
Conclusion. The factors responsible for the observed failures can be broken into two major groups: (1) a wrong indication and (2) an inadequate technique to achieve relief from an excessively tight glottal closure. The use of a titanium bridge in place of a silicone shim was found to be essential. ...
Kakizaki Hirohiko - - 2008
The nomenclature of each part of the lacrimal canaliculus, for example the vertical portion, does not always reflect the true course. Since we have sometimes observed findings suggesting the so called vertical portion of the lower lacrimal canaliculus inclined laterally, we re-examined the course of the vertical portion. Twenty-eight postmortem ...
Chang Young-Suk - - 2008
We investigated the effect of muscle relaxants (atracurium) on the outcomes of intermittent exotropia surgery under general anesthesia, with a focus on resection procedures. Thirty four patients who underwent recession and resection (R&R) were divided into two groups: atracurium usage (group A, n=18) and no atracurium usage (group B, n=16). ...
Louwagie Curtis R - - 2009
To report the long-term outcomes of a population-based cohort of children diagnosed with congenital esotropia during a 30-year period. The medical records of all patients diagnosed with congenital esotropia as residents of Olmsted County, MN, from January 1, 1965, through December 31, 1994, were retrospectively reviewed. A total of 130 ...
Bakhos David - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aim of the retrospective study was to compare the indications, the postoperative outcomes, and the survival of the supracricoid laryngectomy with cricohyoidoepiglottopexy and the anterior frontal laryngectomy. METHOD: Nineteen patients who underwent cricohyoidoepiglottopexy (group I) and 23 patients who underwent reconstructive anterior frontal laryngectomy (group II) from January ...
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