Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 879
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Sanuki Tetsuji - - 2009
CONCLUSION: The factors responsible for the observed failures can be broken into two major groups: (1) a wrong indication and (2) an inadequate technique to achieve relief from an excessively tight glottal closure. The use of a titanium bridge in place of a silicone shim was found to be essential. ...
Scheepers Marius A - - 2010
To determine whether there is a statistically significant difference in the surgical outcome of everting sutures (ES) alone versus everting sutures with a lateral tarsal strip (ES+LTS) in the treatment of involutional entropion. Prospective randomized comparative trial. Sixty-three patients with primary involutional lower eyelid entropion were enrolled in the study. ...
Dawson Emma - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Cyclic strabismus is a rare disorder in which manifest strabismus and controlled latent deviation (heterophoria) alternates on a regular pattern which is usually over a 48-hr period. During the "straight" period the patient has a fully controlled heterophoria for all distances, with very good fusion and stereopsis. During the ...
Chan Louis K H - - 2009
A number of leading theories (e.g., Grossberg & Mingolla, 1985; Kellman & Shipley, 1991; Rensink & Enns, 1995) commonly assume that perceptual grouping by contour alignment occurs preattentively across reversing contrast polarity elements. We examined this notion in seven visual search experiments. We found that only grouping by attachment supported ...
Yam Jason C S - - 2009
PURPOSE: To report a new adverse effect related to treatment with bimatoprost. METHOD: Case report. A 43-year-old Asian female with bilateral glaucoma was noticed to have bilateral deepening of upper lid sulcus 3 months after beginning treatment with bimatoprost 0.03%. RESULTS: Bimatoprost was discontinued due to cosmetic reasons, and there ...
Portas Juliana Godoy - - 2009
We conducted a prospective study of 11 patients with laryngeal cancer who underwent supracricoid laryngectomy with cricohyoidoepiglottopexy. Our goal was to evaluate their postoperative voice and swallowing function and to ascertain the impact that surgery had on patient-perceived quality of life. Postoperative assessments were made by auditory perception analyses, objective ...
Subramaniam Vijayalakshmi - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of chronic tonsillitis with or without adenoiditis and the effects of tonsillectomy with or without adenoidectomy on the voice by means of acoustic analysis. DESIGN: Prospective case-control study. SETTING: Yenepoya Medical College Hospital, a tertiary referral hospital. PATIENTS: Patients 5 to 26 years old with ...
Margulis Alexander A Division of Pediatric Plastic Surgery, Children's Memorial Hospital, Northwestern University, Chicago, Ill., - - 2009
Congenital melanocytic nevi of the eyelids and periorbital region are unusual. Although their malignant potential can be debated, they present a significant aesthetic concern and also disturb lid function. In this article, the authors present an expanded approach to evaluation and treatment of these patients. Forty-four consecutive patients, aged 6 ...
Badin Ana Zulmira Eschholz Diniz - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Since the introduction of endoscopic forehead surgery, several fixation techniques have been described to remediate the fall of the lateral portion of the brow. Unfortunately, few studies demonstrate good long-term results with these methods. METHODS: This study evaluates long-term results of a lateral brow fixation technique that uses two ...
Gräf Michael M Department of Ophthalmology, Justus-Liebig-University Giessen, Universitaetsklinikum Giessen and Marburg Giessen Campus, Giessen, Germany. - - 2010
Inferior oblique recession (IOR), superior oblique tucking or advancement (SOT) and a combination of both (SOT&IOR) are most popular as treatments for acquired trochlear nerve (N.IV) palsy. Recently, it has been reported that results of a modified SOT technique and SOT&IOR were nearly equivalent. We investigated the effects of SOT ...
Evans Eryl - - 2009
Surgical treatment for advanced laryngeal cancer involves complete removal of the larynx ('laryngectomy') and initial total loss of voice. Post-laryngectomy rehabilitation involves implementation of different means of 'voicing' for these patients wherever possible. There is little information about laryngectomees' perception of their changed voice quality and communication status. Surgical voice ...
Gilbert Thomas W - - 2009
The objective of the study was to evaluate a naturally derived liver extracellular matrix (L-ECM) scaffold for repair of an acute injury to the vocal fold lamina propria in a canine model. The vocal fold lamina propria was removed bilaterally in four dogs. One vocal fold in each dog was ...
Baxstrom Curtis R - - 2009
A 14-year-old girl with diplopia and esotropia secondary to Arnold-Chiari I malformation was surgically treated with Arnold-Chiari I malformation decompression (suboccipital craniectomy), C1 and partial C2 laminectomy, and duraplasty. The residual esotropia was treated with compensatory prisms and vision therapy more than 1 year after Arnold-Chiari malformation surgery. The esotropia ...
van Rijn L J - - 2009
Children with developmental disorders and/or psychomotor delay may respond differently to strabismus surgery than children who develop normally, but the literature is conflicting. We studied 37 patients with spasm, trisomy 21, prematurity, epilepsy, psychomotor retardation, and/or hydrocephalus (study group) and 67 control patients, all between 14 months and 14 years ...
Agarwal Swati - - 2009
PURPOSE: To report results of extraocular muscle surgery for superior oblique myokymia when medical treatment fails. METHODS: A retrospective review of 14 consecutive patients undergoing superior oblique tenectomy and inferior oblique myectomy between 1976 and 2008. RESULTS: The mean age of onset of symptoms was 35.4 +/- 12.6 years (range, ...
Heo Hwan - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of 10-mm tenectomy of the posterior fibers of the superior oblique (SO) tendon combined with dissection of the frenulum for correction of A-pattern deviation and vertical deviation with SO overaction. DESIGN: Retrospective, interventional case series. METHODS: Seventy-five patients with A-pattern strabismus associated with SO overaction ...
Lee Michael S Y - - 2009
The New Zealand (NZ) lizard fossil record is currently limited to late Quaternary remains of modern taxa. The St Bathans Fauna (early Miocene, southern South Island) extends this record to 19-16 million years ago (Myr ago). Skull and postcranial elements are similar to extant Oligosoma (Lygosominae) skinks and Hoplodactylus (Diplodactylinae) ...
Yüce Imdat - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of arytenoid resection on voice and swallowing function in patients who undergo supracricoid laryngectomy with cricohyoidopexy. STUDY DESIGN: A case series with chart review. According to the arytenoid number, patients were divided into two groups: 11 patients with two ...
- - 2009
To examine the effect of preoperative alignment stability on postoperative motor outcomes in children who underwent surgery for esotropia. One hundred sixty-seven subjects (68 with infantile esotropia and 99 with acquired esotropia) aged less than 6 years had surgery after completing 18 weeks of follow-up as part of an observational ...
Lee Min Joung - - 2009
PURPOSE: To determine the usefulness of slow-releasing all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) in polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)/polylactide-co-glycolide (PLGA) for delayed adjustable strabismus surgery. DESIGN: Animal study. METHODS: A prospective, masked-observer, controlled study was performed in 25 rabbits. Fifty rabbit eyes were divided randomly into three groups. After a recession of the superior rectus muscle, ...
Demirci Hakan - - 2009
To evaluate the use of a palpebral spring, a dynamic facial reanimation technique, in the management of lagophthalmos and exposure keratopathy secondary to facial nerve palsy. A palpebral spring was placed in 29 eyelids of 28 patients with symptomatic facial nerve palsy. Preoperative and postoperative symptoms, upper eyelid margin to ...
Hwang Kun - - 2009
The aim of this study is to determine the safety and complication of subciliary approach through the retrospective review of our experiences. From 2005 through 2008, the subciliary skin-muscle flap methods were used in 30 patients undergoing medial orbital wall reconstruction. Preoperative and postoperative ophthalmic findings including diplopia, Hertel exophthalmometry, ...
Joo Daekeun - - 2009
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To review the incidence and time course of recovery of vocal fold paralysis (VFP) in adult patients after cardiovascular surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of adults after cardiovascular surgery at a tertiary care academic medical center. METHODS: Patients with VFP after cardiovascular surgery were identified from a database ...
Viswanatha Borlingegowda - - 2009
A 36-year-old woman presented with a history of change in voice of 1 month's duration and difficulty swallowing and episodes of nasal regurgitation of 6 days' duration. Examination revealed paralysis of the right vocal fold and the right side of the soft palate. On further investigation, she was found to ...
Vashani K - - 2010
Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) with laryngopharyngeal reflux plays a significant role in voice disorders. A significant proportion of patients attending ear, nose, and throat clinics with voice disorders may have gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). There is no controlled study of the effect of voice therapy on GERD. We assessed the effect ...
Tezcaner Ciler Zahide - - 2009
The aim of this study was to analyze the efficiency of the voice therapy in children with vocal nodules by using the acoustic analysis and subjective assessment. Thirty-nine patients with vocal fold nodules, aged between 7 and 14, were included in the study. Each subject had voice therapy led by ...
Lau David P - - 2010
The objective was to determine if particle size affects durability of medialization in patients undergoing injection laryngoplasty (IL) with hyaluronic acid (HA) for unilateral vocal cord paralysis (UVCP). We hypothesized that large particle-size HA (LPHA) persists longer after injection to produce a more durable vocal result. The study design used ...
Mora Renzo - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in acoustic features of voice after septoplasty and to establish concepts of patient management and a rational therapeutic approach. MATERIAL/METHODS: Before and one month after surgery, phonetically balanced sentences and sustained vowels a, e, and i were recorded and digitalized ...
Dart Andrew - - 2009
To assess the effect of 1 or 2 laryngeal prosthetic sutures on rima glottidis areas in equine laryngeal specimens. Experimental, randomized design. Cadaveric equine larynges (n=16). Larynges were collected from 10 horses; 2 sutures each were preplaced in the right and left sides of each larynx. A dorsal suture (DS) ...
Schindler Antonio - - 2009
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS:: Supracricoid laryngectomies (SCL) are conservative surgical techniques for the treatment of selected laryngeal carcinomas, currently adopted also in old patients. Long-term functional results have not been reported in elderly patients. The aim of this study is to compare voice and swallowing in elderly and younger patients following SCL. STUDY ...
Yoon Jin Sook - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess long-term functional and cosmetic outcomes after frontalis suspension using fascia lata autografts for congenital ptosis in Asian children. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational case series. PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred thirty-nine patients who underwent frontalis suspension using fascia lata autografts from 1998 through 2006 with a minimum of 6 months of ...
van Dinther Joost J S - - 2009
Phonosurgery should lead to a better voice quality and a better quality of life. Only a few studies report outcome of phonosurgery in terms of stroboscopic, perceptual, aerodynamic, acoustic and self-rating data. The protocol as proposed by the European Laryngological Society (ELS; Dejonckere et al. in Arch Otorhinolaryngol 258:77-82, 2001) ...
Onesti Mariagiuseppina - - 2009
Fillers represent a field of aesthetic medicine under remarkable expansion. Over the past few years, in the USA, there has been a huge increase in the use of fillers, especially for hyaluronic acid (400% in 2004). The causes of this increase have been the greater tolerability of this reabsorbable filler ...
Koreen Irina V - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate the use of anterior lamellar recession with buccal mucous membrane grafting for treatment of cicatricial entropion. METHODS: A retrospective interventional case series of 26 patients (35 eyelids) who underwent anterior lamellar recession with buccal mucous membrane grafting for cicatricial entropion. RESULTS: Thirty-five eyelids of 26 patients were ...
Rosen Clark A - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the long-term effectiveness of calcium hydroxylapatite (CaHA) vocal fold injection for patients with glottal insufficiency. STUDY DESIGN: Multicenter, open-label, prospective clinical study of CaHA vocal fold injection. METHODS: Each patient served as his/her own control. Voice-related outcome measures were collected for pre-injection, 1, 3, 6, and 12 ...
Mora Renzo - - 2009
The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in acoustic features of speech and voice after uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) with the Harmonic Scalpel (HS), using the multidimensional voice program (MDVP) in conjunction with other tests. Before and 6 months after surgery, phonetically balanced sentences and sustained vowels a, e, i ...
Kazi Rehan A - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To use an electroglottography (EGG)-based videostroboscopy tool to assess the anatomical and morphologic characteristics of the pharyngoesophageal (PE) segment in tracheoesophageal (TO) speakers. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional cohort study. SUBJECTS: Fifty-two post-laryngectomy patients with no recurrence and using prosthetic (Blom-Singer) speech. INTERVENTION: An electroglottography (EGG)-based videostroboscopy tool EGG-based rigid videostroboscopy ...
Chaudhry Tanveer A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess gender differences and delay in presentation of childhood squint in a tertiary care hospital. METHODS: It was a series of children presenting with squint at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan. We retrospectively studied the cases presenting between February 2000 and July 2007. RESULTS: A total ...
Mortensen Melissa - - 2009
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: There continues to be controversy about the added role of arytenoid adduction (AA) in the rehabilitation of unilateral vocal cord paralysis (UVCP). Some authors feel that the added morbidity of AA is not warranted in UVCP rehabilitation. Objective analysis of acoustic and aerodynamic measures were performed before and after ...
Polling J-R - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Infantile esotropia, a common form of strabismus, is treated either by bilateral recession (BR) or by unilateral recession-resection (RR). Differences in degree of alignment achieved by these two procedures have not previously been examined in a randomised controlled trial. DESIGN: Controlled, randomised multicentre trial. SETTING: 12 university clinics. PARTICIPANTS ...
Chong K K L - - 2010
To assess surgical, visual, refractive, and aesthetic outcomes 13 years after mersilene mesh frontalis sling (MMFS) operation for severe unilateral congenital ptosis performed in 10 infants before 1 year of age. Longitudinal follow-up of an interventional case series by structured ocular examinations, external photographs, and questionnaire-based interviews. Mean age at ...
Krause Eike - - 2009
PURPOSE: Laryngectomized patients with pharyngoesophageal spasm frequently have poor voice quality and dysphagia. Local botulinum toxin A (BTA) injection can relieve muscular hypertonicity and improve symptoms. This procedure should also prolong the functional life span of the tracheoesophageal voice prosthesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study evaluates 33 BTA treatments in ...
Pratap Rohit - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis and treatment of unilateral vocal fold palsy is a common part of otolaryngology practice. In those patients in whom resolution of symptoms is slow, the resulting dysphonia can have a dramatic effect on the patient's quality of voice and life. We have previously described the procedure of ...
Chak Melanie - - 2009
PURPOSE: To report a method of rectangular 3-snip punctoplasty (2 vertical cuts at either side of the vertical canaliculus and 1 cut at the base). Outcomes are compared with the more conventional and anatomically destructive 3-snip triangular punctoplasty (1 cut at the vertical canaliculus, 1 cut at the horizontal canaliculus, ...
Fatima Tarannum - - 2009
We evaluated recovery of binocularity in 15 chronically strabismic, non-fusing (with neutralizing prisms) adults following successful surgical alignment. We included > or =12-year-olds, with best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) > or =20/60, and excluded those with: anisoacuity> 2 lines-Snellen; failed realignment judged by> 10 prism diopters (PD) horizontal and> 4 ...
Reijonen Petri - - 2009
The objective of this retrospective clinical review was to evaluate the long-term results of injection laryngoplasty with autologous fascia as a single, primary procedure in unilateral vocal fold paralysis. Forty-three patients who had undergone injection laryngoplasty between 1996 and 2003 entered the study. Clinical examination and videostroboscopy were performed and ...
Barbosa Marcus Vinicius Jardini - - 2010
The purpose of this study is to evaluate and compare the effect of the incision of the external oblique aponeurosis along the semilunaris in amount of tension present after the undermining of the anterior rectus sheaths. Forty fresh adult cadavers were studied and divided into two groups: group A (n=20) ...
Sterker I - - 2009
Intravenous glucocorticoids and orbital radiotherapy are effective treatments for moderate-to-severe and active Graves' orbitopathy. We examined the ophthalmological outcome in daily life activities, such as driving competency. In a retrospective case series, 23 patients with moderate-to-severe and active Graves' disease (14 women and 7 men) were consecutively treated with combined ...
Kang Nam Yeo - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to report the effect of combining the Kestenbaum procedure with posterior fixation suture for infantile horizontal nystagmus with anomalous head posture (AHP) in children. Nine consecutive patients who underwent combined Kestenbaum procedure plus posterior fixation suture to the recessed muscles at the same time ...
Han S B - - 2009
To assess the efficacy of prismatic correction of residual esotropia <or=20 prism dioptres (PD) after full hypermetropic correction in patients with partially accommodative esotropia. Medical records of 64 patients who received prismatic correction for residual esotropia </=20 PD were reviewed. Outcomes were considered successful if patients maintained orthotropia or esophoria ...
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